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                          我国图书出版版权保护困境与解决思路

                          时间:2019-01-04 来源:科技传播 作者:张彦艳 本文字数:3298字

                            摘    要: 书籍是人类知识的重要载体,也是提升公民思想境界和修养的重要途径,社会的文明进步建立在公民的个人修养基础之上,一直以来,对知识和文化的重视程度反映了国家的文明程度,也影响着国家的兴衰。因此,国家对版权保护的立场坚定,态度坚决,也在不断完善版权保护法律制度。但是现如今在我国的图书出版保护过程当中仍旧存在许多难题。文章具体分析了图书出版以及版权保护的重要性、目前我国图书出版版权保护方面面临的困难以及我国图书出版版权保护走出困境的主要策略。

                            关键词: 图书出版; 版权保护; 困境; 出路;

                            XINSHIQI,ZHISHIBAOHUYIJINGCHENGWEIQUANSHEHUIDEGONGSHI,SHEHUIGONGZHONGDEBANQUANBAOHUYISHIYUELAIYUEQIANG。TUSHUCHUBANXINGYEYINGGAIZHUAZHUJIYU,ZHIDINGYOUZHENDUIXINGDECUOSHIJINKUAIJIEJUEBANQUANBAOHUDANGZHONGCUNZAIDEWENTI,CAINENGTUIDONGWOGUOBANQUANCHANYEYOUHAOYOUKUAIDEFAZHAN。

                            1、 图书出版以及版权保护的重要性

                            TUSHUCHUBANZHUYAOZHIDESHISHUJI、DITU、NIANHUA、TUPIAN、HUACE、RILI(BAOHANWENZI、TUHUANEIRONG)HEYOUXINWENCHUBANZONGSHURENDINGDEQITANEIRONGZAITIXINGSHIDEBIANJI,CAIYONGYINSHUAFAXINGDEMOSHIXIANGSHEHUICHUSHOUDEYIZHONGHUODONG。WOGUODETUSHUCHUBANZHIXINGDESHIXUKEZHENGZHIDU。BANQUANYEJIAOZUOZHEZUOQUAN,ZHIDESHIWENXUE、YISHUYIJIKEXUEZUOPINDEZUOZHEDUIZISHENZUOPINXIANGYOUDEQUANLI,BANQUANBAOHUDEZHUYAOMUDESHIWEILEKONGZHIZUOPINDESHIYONG。GEDIDEBANQUANJUSHIWOGUOBANQUANBAOHUDEXINGZHENGJIGUAN,MUQIANWOGUODEBANQUANBAOHURENGRANCHUYUCHUJIJIEDUAN。BANQUANBAOHUYOUZHEJIQIZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。BANQUANSHUYUZHISHICHANQUANDEZHONGYAONEIRONG,SHIDANGJINSHEHUIZHONGBIBUKESHAODEFALVZHIDU。WANSHANDEZHISHICHANQUANBAOHANZHIDUNENGGOUCUSHIZHISHIDEJILEIYIJIJIAOLIU,SHIRENMENDEJINGSHENWENHUASHENGHUOGENGJIAFENGFUDUOCAI,YEKEYISHIQUANMINZUDEKEXUEWENHUASUZHIDEDAODAFUDUTISHENG,CONGERCUSHIJINGJIKUAISUFAZHAN。YINCI,ZHISHICHANQUANBAOHUZHIDUYAOYUSHIJUJIN,GENSHANGSHIDAIFAZHANDEBUFA,CAINENGTUIDONGWENHUASHIYEHEJINGJIDEFAZHAN。

                            2、 目前我国图书出版版权保护方面面临的困难

                            2.1、 图书版权保护缺少完善法律体系

                            随着社会文明的不断进步,人们开始意识到保护知识产权的重要意义,并且从法律层面对于版权保护进行了较多的补充。但是随着科学技术的不断更新和发展,网络化、信息化时代全面到来,数字出版得到了发展,盗版问题却越来越严重,数字图书的出现,增加了打击盗版问题的难度。数字化时代,人们的思维方式发生了变化,数字图书刷新了人们对传统图书的认识,一些免费数字图书的下载和阅读已经成为了人们阅读的主要方式。传统图书出版领域我国制定相应的图书盗版问题的法律法规,但是却不适用于数字图书方面,传统的法律制度较为落后,没有明确规定网络出版需要遵守的制度,这就导致数字图书被肆意复制,大肆盗版,而网络很难取证,不能确定侵权人,增加了数字图书版权保护的难度。另外版权主体归属方面的法律制度也不完善,也存在着数字图书版权保护的难题,一些具有较强版权意识的图书作者都会选择和数字技术比较成熟的电子运营商签订版权合同,从而给出版社带来了严峻挑战。
                           

                          我国图书出版版权保护困境与解决思路
                           

                            2.2 、公众缺乏强烈的版权意识

                            WOGUOSHEHUIGONGZHONGBANQUANYISHIBUQIANGSHICUSHITUSHUCHUBANLINGYUDAOBANCHANGJUEDEYIGEZHONGYAOYINSU,DAOBANWENTIRUCIYANZHONGSHUOMINGTAYOUGUANGFANDESHOUZHONGQUNTI。WOGUOCHUBANXINGYEDEJINGYINGZHEYIJICONGYEZHEDEBANQUANBAOHUYISHIYEBUQIANGLIE,MEIYOUJIJIDESHIYONGZIJIDEGUANWANGJINXINGYIXIEBANQUANZHISHIDEPUJIHUODONG,ZHISHIXIAOFEIZHEZAIGOUMAIDAOBANTUSHUDESHIHOUBINGBURENWEIZIJIDEZHEIZHONGXINGWEISUODAIZHEDEYINGXIANGHEWEIHAI,SHENZHIYOUSHIHOUWEILELIYICHUBANSHEXIANGGUANGONGZUORENYUANYEHUIHEDAOBANSHANGFANYIQIZUOCHUWEIFADESHIQING。ZHEILIANGFANGMIANDEYUANYINZENGJIALEWOGUOCHUBANTUSHUBANQUANBAOHUGONGZUODENANDU。CHUBANTUSHUJUYOUJIAOQIANGDEYICHUANBOXINGYIJIYIFUZHIXINGTEDIAN,JIAQIANGCHUBANXINGYEZISHENBUJUBEIJIAOQIANGDEZIWOBAOHUYISHI,JIUHUIJIDAOBANZHELIUXIAJIAODADEFALVKONGZI,WEIMOUQUFEIFALIYI,YINSHUA、GOUMAI、XIAOSHOUDAOBANTUSHU。LINGWAI,JINNIANLAIWOGUOJINGCHANGCHUXIANXUDUOCHAOXISHIJIAN,ZHEIYESHUOMINGLESHEHUIBANQUANYISHIBUQIANG,SHEHUIZHENGTIQUEFANONGHOUDEZHISHICHANQUANBAOHUQIFEN,ZHISHICHANQUANYONGYOUZHEMEIYOUSHOUDAOXIANGYINGDEZUNZHONGYUBAOHU,YIXIESIXIANGBULIANGDEZUOZHEJIULIYONGZHEIXIEJIHUIZUOCHUDAOBAN、CHAOXIDENGXINGWEI。ERMUQIANGUOJIADEJIANDULIDUYIJIFALVFAGUIHAIBUWANSHAN,DUICHAOXIZHEDECHENGFACUOSHIHELIDUBUDAOWEI,DAJIADUIYUDAOBANJIBENCHUYUYIZHONGMORENZHUANGTAI,CONGERSHIWOGUOBANQUANYISHIBUQIANGDEWENTIYUELAIYUEYANZHONG。

                            2.3、 侵权行为主体很难确定

                          星云棋牌官网下载   BANQUANZHUTIRENZHENGBIJIAOKUNNAN,QINQUANZERENWUFAPANDING。GUOJIAXINWENCHUBANGUANGDIANZONGJUJIANDUZHEWOGUOTUSHUCHUBANWENTI,RANERDADUOSHUQINGKUANGXIADANGCHUXIANBANQUANZHUTIWENTIZHENGYIWENTIDESHIHOU,SHUANGFANGJIBENDOUHUISHIYONGSUSONGDEMOSHILAIJINXINGJIEJUE。JINNIANLAISHUZITUSHUDEBUDUANFAZHAN,ZHENDUICHUBANTUSHUDEBANQUANZHUTIWENTISHIWOGUOTUSHUCHUBANXINGYETANLUNHEGUANZHUDEJIAODIAN,WANGLUOSHANGCHUBANDETUSHUPUBIANCUNZAIZHEBANQUANZHUTIPANDINGJIAONANDEWENTI,BUNENGQUEDINGSHUZITUSHUDEZHEZUOREN,DANGSHIZHEMIANDUIBANQUANGUISHUWENTIJUZHENGDESHIHOUYEBIJIAOKUNNAN。LIRUDADUOSHUZUOZHEJINXINGCHUANGZUODESHIHOUDOUXIHUANSHIYONGBIMING,WANGLUOSHANGCHUANGZUODEZUOZHEYEYIYANG,JIASHEZUOZHEHEZUODESHUZIYUNYINGSHANGBANQUANYISHIBUQIANGHUOSHIBANQUANBAOHUCUOSHIBUDAOWEI,JIUJIYIFASHENGZUOZHEBANQUANZHUTIJIEDINGJIAONANDEXIANXIANG。LINGWAIWANGLUOCHUANBODEXIAOLVJIAOGAO,ZAIWANGLUOSHANGMIANCHUXIANDEBANQUANQINQUANWENTIWEIHAIJIAOWEIYANZHONG,FAZHANSUDUYEJIAOWEIXUNSU,YINQIDESUNSHIYEWUFAPANDING。TONGSHIYOUYUQUESHAOWANSHANDEFALVZHIDULAIBAOHU,DAOZHIYIXIEZUOZHEZAIBANQUANSHOUDAOQINHAIDESHIHOUBUNENGJIEDINGYINQIDESUNSHI,YEWUFAJIEZHUYUJUZHENGLAISHUOMINGQINQUANXINGJIZISHENDAILAIDESUNSHIYUSHANGHAI。

                            3 、我国图书出版版权保护走出困境的主要策略

                            3.1 、健全相关法律体系,提高版权保护意识

                          星云棋牌官网下载   JIANQUANDEFALVTIXISHIJIEJUEBANQUANBAOHUWENTIDEZHONGYAOJICHU,WOGUOBANQUANWENTIYANZHONGDEZHUYAOYUANYINJIUSHIYOUYUFALVZHIDUBUWANSHAN,SHIXUDUOSIXIANGBULIANGDERENCUNZAIJIAOXINGXINLI。SUIZHEJINGJIQUANQIUHUAJINCHENGDEZHUJIANJIAKUAI,JIAQIANGZHISHICHANQUANBAOHU,WEIHUSHICHANGDEGONGPINGYUGONGZHENG,SHOUDAOLEGUOJIAXIANGGUANBUMENDEZHONGSHI,XIANGGUANDEFALVZHIDUYECHUYUJIANSHEHEWANSHANDANGZHONG。GUOJIADUIYUSHUZITUSHUDEXIANGGUANBANQUANBAOHUWENTIFANGMIANSUIRANBIJIAOLUOHOU,DANSHIRENGJIUZAIJIJIDELIFALAIJIEJUEHEBAOHUWANGLUOBANQUANWENTI,CONGERWEIBANQUANBAOHUTIGONGLELIANGHAODEFALVZHICHENG。SUOYI,YOUGUANYUBANQUANBAOHUDEFALVZHIDUFANGMIANXUYAOJINKUAIWANSHANBANQUANSHIYONGQUANXIAN、SHIYONGFANWEIDENGFANGMIANDENEIRONG,YAOMINGQUEZHICHUTUSHUBANQUANZAIWANGLUOCHUANBODESHIHOUBANQUANGUISHU,FANGZHIBUBIYAODEJIUFENCHUXIAN,TONGSHIYEYAOJIJIJIANQUANJUZHENG、QINQUANZERENRENDINGDENGFANGMIANNEIRONG,JIHEFABANQUANYONGYOUZHETIGONGQIANGYOULIDEFALVFUWUHEBAOHU。CIWAIWENHUAJICHA、GONGSHANGBUMENHEBANQUANBAOHUBUMENYEYAOZAIFALVZHIDUJIANQUANDEJICHUZHISHANG,JINKUAIJIARUDAOBANQUANBAOHUGONGZUODANGZHONG,JIADAZHIFAYIJIJIANGUANLIDU,QIANGHUAZISHENJIANDUZHIYUE,TISHENGGUIFAN、GONGZHENG、WENMINGZHIFADENENGLI,DALIZHENGDUNYIJIGUIFANSHICHANGZHIXU,YANLICHENGFAQINQUANWENTI,ZENGQIANGQUANSHEHUIDEBANQUANBAOHUYISHI,CAINENGCONGGENYUANSHANGZHIZHIQINQUANWENTIDECHUXIAN,JIWOGUOZHISHIJINGJIDEFAZHANTIGONGGENBENXING、ZHANGQIXING、QUANMIANXINGDEBAOZHENG。

                            3.2 、创建健全的版权保护体系,加强版权技术保护措施

                          星云棋牌官网下载   RUGUOSHUOWANSHANDEFALVTIXISHIBANQUANBAOHUDEJICHU,NEIMEJIANQUANDEBAOHUXITONGYUXIANDAIHUADEBAOHUJISHU,ZESHITUSHUBANQUANZHONGYAOZHIZHU。WANGLUOHUASHIDAI,JIAQIANGDUISHUZIBANQUANDEBAOHU,DAJIQINFANWANGLUOZHEZUOQUANDEXINGWEI,SHIWANGLUOSHEHUIHEWENDINGDEJIBENNEIRONG。SHUZITUSHUJUYOURONGYICHUANSHUYURONGYIFUZHIXINGDETEZHENG,YAOXIANGBAOHUHAOQIBANQUAN,JIUBIXUSHIYONGXIANJINDEJISHU。QIYI,CHUANGJIANYIGEWANSHAN、TONGYI、BIAOZHUNDEBANQUANBAOHUTIXI。ZHEIGEBAOHUTIXIXUYAOJIEHECHUBANTUSHUBANQUANBAOHUDESHIJIXUQIULAIJIANLI,BINGQIEYAOBAOZHENGQIJUBEIJIAOQIANGDECAOZUOXINGHEJIANRONGXING。QIER,JIJIXIQUGUONEIBIJIAOCHENGSHUDEBANQUANBAOHUTIXIZHONGDEYOUDIAN,JIANLIJINGXIHUABANQUANBAOHUXITONG,LIRUZAIBANQUANDEZHUCE、GUANLI、NEIRONGJIAOYIYIJIBANQUANSHIYONGDENGFANGMIANDOUYAOWEIQITIGONGXIANJINDEJISHUBAOHU,MINGQUEZHICHUBANQUANQUANLIGUISHUHESHIYONGFANWEI,QUEBAOBANQUANDEMEIGEHUANJIEDOUYOUXIANGYINGDEBAOHUCUOSHILAIYINGDUI,BINGBAJISHUBAOHUCUOSHIGUIRUDAOZHEZUOQUANFABAOHUFANWEIDANGZHONG。

                            3.3、 加强新时代人才队伍建设

                          星云棋牌官网下载   YAOXIANGSHIDEWOGUODETUSHUBANQUANBAOHUSHIXIANZHANGJIUFAZHAN,JIUBIXUYAOJIAQIANGXINSHIDAIRENCAIDUIWUDEJIANSHE。JIAQIANGBANQUANBAOHUXUYAOJIAOQIANGDEYISHI、XIANJINDEJISHU,YEXUYAOYOUZONGHESUYANGGAO、ZONGHENENGLIQIANGDERENCAIDUIWUZUOZHICHENG。MUQIANWOGUOZAIBANQUANBAOHUWENTIFANGMIANRENGJIUJIAOWEILUOHOU,YINCI,WOGUOBIXUYAOJINKUAIPEIYANGYIPIZONGHESUZHIGAOYEWUNENGLIQIANGDEFUHEXINGRENCAI,CONGERYOUHUATUSHUCHUBANFUWUGONGZUOZHILIANG,TIGAOBANQUANBAOHUSHUIPING。LINGWAIZAIRENCAICENGMIANSHANG,YEXUYAOJIADABANQUANFALVZHUANYEFANGMIANRENCAIDEPEIYANGLIDU,CONGFALVJIAODULAIBAOHUCHUBANTUSHUDEHEFAXINGBANQUAN,BINGQIEBAOZHENGRENYUANPEIBEICHONGZU,RICHANGGUANLIHEPEIXUNDAOWEI。

                            4、 结论

                            ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,SUIZHESHEHUIKEXUEJISHUDEKUAISUFAZHAN,BANQUANBAOHUCHUXIANXUDUOXINWENTI,XIANYOUDEBANQUANFALVZHIDUYIJINGWUFAMANZUBANQUANCHANYEDEFAZHANDEXUQIU,BIXUYAOJINKUAIJIANQUANBANQUANBAOHUFALVTIXI,QIANGHUAQUANSHEHUIBANQUANBAOHUYISHI,JIANLIBANQUANBAOHUJISHUTIXI,JIADARENCAIDUIWUJIANSHE,CAINENGBAOZHENGCHUBANXINGYEJIANKANG、WENDINGFAZHAN,CONGERWEIGUOJIAJINGJIFAZHANGONGXIANLILIANG。

                            参考文献

                            [1]周晓慧.电子图书出版模式及版权保护创新[J].出版广角,2017(19):55-57.
                            [2]张超.我国数字出版物版权保护现存困境及出路[J].科技传播,2017(11):3-4.

                            张彦艳.图书出版版权保护的困境与出路思考[J].科技传播,2019,11(23):152-153.
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