星云棋牌官网下载

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                                    刑法保护网络版权的现状与优化建议

                                    时间:2019-01-04 来源:法制博览 作者:吴文琪 本文字数:3201字

                                      摘    要:星云棋牌官网下载 随着数字网络技术的不断发展和创新,在知识普及变得更加高效便捷的同时也使得网络版权侵权行为层出不穷。网络环境下版权人权利的脆弱性、易受侵犯性和侵权行为的低风险、高收益都更加凸显。促进我国网络版权的正常运行及文化事业的繁荣发展,协调版权人和社会公众利益平衡,在保护权利人利益同时又能激励知识创新和传播,是我国刑法保护和发展网络版权业的价值追求。

                                      关键词:星云棋牌官网下载 网络版权; 刑法保护; 价值追求;

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   JINSHIJINIANLAI,SUIZHEWANGLUOSHUZIHUAJISHUDEFEIYUESHIFAZHAN,WANGLUOZUOWEIYIZHONGHUOQUXINXIDEXINXINGFANGSHISHOUDAOYUELAIYUEDUORENDEQINGLAI,ZAIGEDALINGYUFAHUIDEZUOYONGYEYUELAIYUEXIANZHE。ZUOPINBEIZHEZUOQUANRENSHANGCHUANZHIWANGLUOSHANG,JINGWANGLUOFUWUTIGONGSHANGLIYONGCHUANBO,WEIGUANGDAWANGMINTIGONGFUWU。YOUCIYINFADEWANGLUOZHEZUOQUANJIUFENYERIYIZENGDUO。WANGLUOBANQUANQINQUANSHEJIZHEZUOQUANREN、WANGLUOFUWUTIGONGSHANG、SHEHUIGONGZHONGSANFANGLIYI,QIHANGAIMIANJIWEIGUANGFAN,YINCI,RUHEJIAQIANGWANGLUOBANQUANZUOPINDEQUANLIBAOHUYICHENGWEIDANGQIANGUOJIALIFA、SIFAJIGUANDENGJIDAIYANJIUHEJIEJUEDEWENTI。

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   CONGMOUZHONGJIAODULAISHUO,WANGLUOBANQUANHECHUANTONGBANQUANGOUCHENGWOGUOBANQUANDEZHENGGETIXI,XIANGDUIYUCHUANTONGBANQUANDEYOUXINGZAITI,WANGLUOBANQUANZESHIWENZI、YINLE、TUPIANJIDIANYINGDIANSHIDENGXINXIZAIWANGLUOPINGTAISHANGDESHUZIHUAFANYING。

                                      SUIZHEJINJISHINIANLAIJISUANJIWANGLUOJISHUDEFEISUFAZHANHEPUJI,WANGLUOYIJINGSHENRUDANGJINSHEHUISHENGHUODEFANGFANGMIANMIAN,YUMINZHONGSHENGHUOMIBUKEFEN。ZAIWANGLUOXINGCHENGDESHUZIHUAHUANJINGXIA,JIHUSUOYOUZUOPINDOUKEYITONGGUOSHUZIJISHUDALIANGFUZHIHECHUANBO,WANGLUODEBIANJIEHEGAOXIAOZAIJIASUZHISHICHUANBOYUJIAOLIUDETONGSHI,YEWEIWANGLUOQINQUANDAOBANXINGWEITIGONGLEZISHENGDEWENCHUANG。LIZUWANGLUOBANQUANBENSHEN,SHUZIHUAJISHUWUYISHIYIBASHUANGRENJIAN,RUHEZAIBANQUANLINGYUYINSHUZIWANGLUOJISHUFAZHANBIANHUAZUOCHUJISHIERYOUXIAODEHUIYING,SHIWOGUOXINGFAYINGDUIWANGLUOJISHUFAZHANTIAOZHANSHIBIXUJIEJUEDEWENTI。

                                      一、网络版权刑法保护的缺陷

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   1990NIANWOGUOBANBULEDIYIBU《ZHEZUOQUANFA》,ZONGGUANQUANWEN,LIFASHANGBINGWUSHEJIBANQUANFANZUIXINGWEIXINGSHIZERENDEXIANGGUANGUIDING。1997NIAN《XINGFA》XIUDINGSHIWOGUOLIFAZHECAIZAIXINGFAZHONGQUEDINGQINFANBANQUANFANZUIXINGWEIDEXINGFAYIJU,DANCISHIJUWOGUO1994NIANZHENGSHIJIERUGUOJIHULIANWANGZHIYOUSANNIANSHUZIWANGLUOJISHUZAIGUONEICHULUTOUJIAO,LIFAZHEZAIDANGSHIGENBENWUFAYUJIANWANGLUOBANQUANQINQUANFANGSHIJIQIYANZHONGHOUGUO,GENGNANYIZHIDINGXIANGYINGXINGFAGUIZE。HOUQISUIZHEWOGUOWANGLUOSHICHANGDEBUDUANFAZHANHETUIJIN,WEIYINGDUIWANGLUOFAZHANDETIAOZHAN,WOGUOZAIWANGLUOBANQUANXINGFABAOHUFANGMIANCAIQUYIXILIECUOSHI。DANZAIXIANJIEDUAN,RENGRANCUNZAIZHUDUOQUEXIAN。JIYOUXINGSHILIFAZISHENCUNZAIDEQUEXIAN,YEYOUXINGFAYUXIANGGUANBUMENFAXIEDIAOYUXIANJIECUNZAIDEQUEXIAN。

                                      (一)刑法与知识产权法之间协调尚不完善

                                      我国2001《着作权法》新增信息网络传播权,规定“未经着作权人认可,通过信息网络向公众传播其作品,构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任。”但这一规定过于概括性,并非实质意义上的罪刑条款,不能真正起到定罪量刑作用。依据罪刑法定原则,认定是否构成犯罪取决于刑法之相关规定,而我国现行刑法中,侵犯着作权罪乃是基于1990年《着作权法》之规定。虽我国最高立法机关曾多次出台有关知识产权的刑事司法解释,其中均涉及了侵犯网络着作权之刑事责任问题,然司法解释之效力低于立法,此时不免引发一定的司法困境。
                                     

                                    刑法保护网络版权的现状与优化建议
                                     

                                      (二)关于“以营利为目的”作为侵权唯一标准之争论

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   GUANYUWANGLUOBANQUANFANZUIGOUCHENGYAOJIANZHONG“YIYINGLIWEIMUDE”ZHIGUIDINGYIZHISHIXUESHUJIEZHENGLUNDEYIDAJIAODIAN。ZHUZHANGFANDUIDEXUEZHERENWEIZAIXIANJINRUCIFADADEWANGLUOJISHUSHIDAI,WANGLUOCHUANBOCHENGBENWEIHUQIWEI,XIANSHIZHONGWUCHANGXIANGGONGZHONGTIGONGTARENXIANGYOUBANQUANDESHUZIHUAZUOPINDEXIANXIANGLVJIANBUXIAN。XINGWEIRENCHUNCUIWEILIYONGWANGLUOCHUANBODEGUANGFANXINGLAIHUOQUGONGZHONGGUANZHUHUOTONGGUOEGAOTARENZUOPINFAXIEZISHENQINGXUJIHUODEYUYUEGAN,ZHEIXIEQINQUANXINGWEIBENSHENBINGBUNENGGOUJIQINQUANRENDAILAIJINGJILIYI,QINQUANRENBENSHENZHUGUANMUDEYEBUWEIYINGLI,DANQINQUANZUOPINZAIWANGLUOKONGJIANDEHAILIANGFUZHIHEGUANGFANCHUANBO,ZHEIZHONGFEITANLIXINGQINQUANDAOBANJIQUANLIRENZAOCHENGDESUNSHIQUESHIBURONGHUSHIDE。ERZHUZHANGZANTONGDEXUEZHEZECONGXINGFAQIANYIXINGDEJIAODUCHUFA,QIANGDIAOXINGFADETONGYIXING。WOGUOXINGFADUIXINGWEIDESHEHUIWEIHAIXINGDEKAOLIANGYIGUANZUNXUNZHUKEGUANXIANGTONGYIDEYUANZE,XIANGJIAOYUFEITANLIXINGQINQUANXINGWEI,“YIYINGLIWEIMUDE”ZAIZHUGUANSHANGBIANDAIYOUEXING,SHIDEQINQUANXINGWEIDEWEIHAICHENGDUJIZAOCHENGDESHEHUIEXINGYINGXIANGGENGJUXINGSHIKEFAXING。

                                      (三)网络版权侵权界定及刑罚体系尚不完善

                                      WOGUOWANGLUOBANQUANLINGYUZUOPINDEQINQUANPEICHANGJIXINGSHIZERENDERENDINGWENTI,YIZHISHILIFAHESIFAJIEDEYIDANANTI。SHOUXIAN,SHIFOUSHIYONGXINGFA,SHOUXIANYINGJIEDINGSHIFOUQINQUAN,XIANXINGLIFASHANGWEIDUIWANGLUOBANQUANQINQUANSUNHAIDEJUTIJIEDINGZUOCHUXIANGYINGXIANGXIDEGUIDING,JIAZHIWANGLUOBANQUANBENSHENTEDIANZHIFUZAXING,SHIDEQINQUANSUNHAIPEICHANGJIEDINGWENTIGENGWEIFUZA。QICI,GENJUWOGUOXINGFADUIYUQINQUANBANQUANZUIDEXINGSHIZERENDEGUIDING,WOGUOCAIYONGDESHICHOUXIANGFAJINZHI,JIDUIYUFAJINDEJUTISHUEMEIYOUZUOCHUXIANGXIGUIDING,FUYULEFAGUANJIAOGAODEZIYOUCAILIANGQUAN,YOUCI,KENENGHUIDAOZHITONGANBUTONGPANDEXIAOJIJIEGUO,BULIYUSHIXIANSIFADEGONGPINGZHENGYI。

                                      二、网络版权刑法保护完善的建议

                                      MIANDUIYUFAFUZADESHUZIWANGLUOHUANJINGXIABANQUANQINQUANDEFANZUIXINGWEIDEFASHENG,YIJIWANGLUOBANQUANXINGFABAOHUZISHENCUNZAIDEYIXIEWENTI,WOMENYINGZHENDUIXINGJIEJUE,JIJITANQIUJIEJUEZHIDAO。

                                      (一)完善《刑法》与《知识产权法》之间协调一致

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   GENJUWOGUOXINGFAZUIXINGXIANGSHIYINGYUANZE,XIEDIAOHAO《XINGFA》HEBUMENFAZHIJIANDEXIANJIE,QUEBAOQINQUANXINGWEIYOUFAKEYI,SHIWANSHANFALVTIXIDEYINGXINGYAOQIU。CHENGRAN,JISUANJIWANGLUOJISHUFAZHANRIXINYUEYI,ERFALVYINQIBENSHENDEWENDINGXING,DAOZHIFATIAODEXIUDINGWUFAGENSHANGHULIANWANGJISHUDEGENGXINHUANDAISUDU,ERZHEZHIJIECUNZAIZHEYITIAONANYIKUAYUEDEHONGGOU。WEIYOUBANBUGEZHONGSIFAJIESHI,ZAILIANGZHEZHIJIANNULIGOUJIANYIGEPINGHENGDIAN,RANERZAIZHIDINGSIFAJIESHISHIYAOZHUYIBUNENGYU《XINGFA》FATIAOCHANSHENGCHONGTU。XINGSHILIFABENSHENDEXIAOLISHIGAOYUSIFAJIESHIDE,RURUOERZHEZHIJIANYOUCHONGTUZHICHU,SIFAJIESHIZHINENGRANGWEIYUXINGFA,CISHIBUMIANXIANRUYIGESHIFENGANGADEJINGDI。RUCI,ZHEIDUIYULIFAZHEBENSHENDEFALVSUYANGJIQIANZHANXINGSHIYIGEJIDADEKAOYAN,YESHIDANGJINWANGLUOBANQUANLINGYUYIGEHENDADENANTI,ZHINENGJIWANGYUSUIZHESHEHUIFAZHIHUACHENGDUDEBUDUANJIASHEN,ZHEIYINANTINENGGOUDEYIYOUXIAOJIEJUE。

                                      (二)设置多元化网络版权侵权标准

                                      BIZHERENWEI,LIZUXIANSHICHUFA,JIUWOGUOSHEHUIXIANJIEDUANDEFAZHIHUACHENGDUERYAN,BAOLIUYI“YINGLIWEIMUDE”SHIJIAOWEITUODANGDE。DUIQINQUANRENDEZHUGUANFANGMIANSHEZHIYIDINGDEYAOQIU,NENGGOUZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGJIESHENGYOUXIAODESIFAZIYUAN,JIZHONGDAJIYANZHONGDEEYIQINQUANXINGWEI,TONGSHIYENENGGOUXIEDIAOHAOQUANLIRENHESHEHUIGONGZHONGLIYIZHIJIANDEGUANXI。RANER,RUOJINJIANG“YIYINGLIWEIMUDE”ZUOWEIWEIYIBIAOZHUN,YOUBUMIANYOUZHUDUOBUTUOZHICHU,DUIYUWANGLUOBANQUANQUANLIRENERYAN,MIANDUIZIJIDEXINXUEZHIZUOBEIEGAOJIGUANGFANCHUANBO,SHENZHIDAOBANZUOPINDIANJILIANGHEYINGXIANGLICHAOGUOYUANZUOPIN,SHENZHIXIANRU“ZHIZHIDAOBANERBUZHIDAOYUANZUO”DEKUNJING。QUEYINWEIDUIFANGBINGFEISHIWEILEYINGLI,BUJUYOUZHUGUANEXINGERWUKENAIHE,ZHINENG“DALUOYACHIHEXUETUN”,ZHEIDUIYUBANQUANQUANLIRENERYANSHIJIBUGONGPINGQIEZAOCHENGDESHANGHAISHIJIDADE。DUIYUCIQINGKUANG,BIZHERENWEI,ZAI“YIYINGLIWEIMUDE”ZUOWEIZHUYAOBIAOZHUNDETONGSHI,KEFUYIDUOYUANHUABIAOZHUNZUOWEIGUANKONGSHOUDUAN,RUSHEZHIYIDINGDEZHUANZAICHUANBOLIANGXIANDU,HUODUIGAIBIANZUOPINSHEZHIMINGQUEDEYINGXIANGLIDENGJIXIANZHI,CHAOGUOGAIXIANDUJICAIQUYIDINGDECHUFACUOSHIDENG。

                                      (三)制定完善的侵权界定标准及详细的处罚金制度

                                      ZHIDINGKEXUEHELIDEWANGLUOBANQUANQINQUANJIEDINGBIAOZHUNJISUNHAIPEICHANGZHIDU,DUIYULIFAERYANSHIYIDATIAOZHAN,DINGDILEWUFAYOUXIAOEZHIQINQUANXIANXIANG,DINGGAOLEYOUBUFUHEGONGPINGGONGZHENGYUANZEDEYAOQIU。ZHENDUIBUTONGWANGLUOZUOPINXINGSHIDEBANQUANQINQUANJIEDINGZUOCHUXIANGXIGUIDING,JIANLIZIYOUXINGYUJUTIFAJINGUIDINGXIANGJIEHEDEXINGFATIXI,WANSHANDUIYUFAJINFANGMIANLIFADEJUTISHEDING,YIJIDUIFAGUANDEZIYOUCAILIANGQUANFANWEIJINXINGGUIFANHUA。SHIWANSHANXINGFADUIYUWANGLUOBANQUANLINGYUDEXIANGGUANGUIDING,JILUOSHIBANQUANRENQUANLIBAOHUDEJUTICUOSHI。DUIYUZHUIQIUWANGLUOBANQUANXINGFABAOHUDEJIAZHI,JUYOUXIANSHIHUAYIYI。

                                      三、关于网络版权刑法保护之展望

                                      CUJINWOGUOWANGLUOBANQUANDEZHENGCHANGYUNXINGYIJIWENHUASHIYEDEFANRONGFAZHANSHIWOGUOXINGFABAOHUWANGLUOBANQUANDEJIAZHIZHUIQIU,QIZHONGXIEDIAOHAOBANQUANRENQUANYIZHIBAOHUTONGSHEHUIGONGZHONGTONGGUOWANGLUOHUOQUZHISHIJIJINXINGCHUANGXINZHIJIANDEGUANXISHIQIZHONGDEYIXIANGZHONGYAOJUCUO。ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,CHUANGXINDOUSHIZAIQIANRENDEZHIHUICHENGGUODEJICHUSHANGJINXINGDE,BUYIKAOYURENHEQIANRENJICHUSHANGDE、CHUNCUIHENGKONGCHUSHIDECHUANGXINSHIBUGANXIANGXIANGDE。ZAIWANGLUOBANQUANBAOHUZHONG,FALVDUIYU“QINQUAN”DEHENGLIANGBIAOZHUNYU“CHUANGXIN”JIEDINGYIDANCHUXIANPIANCHA,JIUHUIDUITARENDECHUANGXINXINGWEIJINXINGBUHELIDEFOUDING,HUOSHIZHUZHANGLEEYIQINQUANXINGWEIDEZIZHANG,RUCIBIANWEIBEILEWANGLUOBANQUANXINGFABAOHUDECHUZHONG。GUIFANWANGLUOBANQUANZHIXUYIJITUIDONGWANGLUOCHUANGXINGONGTONGFALI,RUCICAINENGCUJINWANGLUOCHUANGZUOJIANKANGYOUXUDIJINXING。

                                      参考文献

                                      [1]王敏敏.论网络着作权的刑法保护[J].中州学刊,2014(6).
                                    星云棋牌官网下载   [2]王迁.论“网络传播行为”的界定及其侵权认定[J].法学,2006(5).

                                      吴文琪.网络版权刑法保护缺陷与完善探析[J].法制博览,2019(34):119-120.
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