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                        海涅《西里西亚的纺织工人》与杜甫《兵车行》对比

                        时间:2019-03-12 来源:大众文艺 作者:葛淑君 本文字数:3269字

                          摘    要: 爱国主义往往允许多种的表达方式,社会批评便是其中重要的一种,社会批评就像一个指南针,准确指出社会弊病所在。本文以诗歌分析作为理论基础,分别分析了海涅和杜甫的两首社会批评的诗歌,然后从五个方面对这两首诗进行了比较,旨在找出两位诗人之间的相同点和不同点。在形式和表达技巧上,两位诗人的诗有着不同之处;因为两位诗人所处时代的不同,使得他们诗歌的根本目的不同;从诗歌写作的背景和内容上来说这两首诗具有相似之处;但最大的相同点便是他们都用批评这一方式表达了他们的爱国主义。

                          关键词: 星云棋牌官网下载诗歌; 社会批评; 爱国主义; 海涅; 杜甫;

                          一、引言

                          ZHONGGUOYOUYIJUSUYU:LIANGYAOKUKOULIYUBING,ZHONGYANNIERLIYUXING。ZHEIJUHUAKEYIHENQUEQIEDIMIAOSHUDEGUOSHIRENHAINIEYUZHONGGUOSHIRENDUFUDEJIAGUOQINGHUAI。HENZHANGSHIJIANYILAIHAINIEDOUSHIYIWEIBEISHOUZHENGYIDESHIREN。ERZHONGGUOSHIRENDUFU,YOUYUTAZAISHIZHONGCHANGCHANGMIAOXIESHEHUISHISHI,RENMENJIANGTADESHIPIANYUWEI“SHISHI”。SHEHUIPIPINGSHILIANGWEISHIRENZUOPINDEBIAOZHIXINGTEXING,ERQIEYEXIANGWOMENZHANSHILE,SHIRENRUHEYONGYIZHONGBUTONGXUNCHANGDEFANGSHIBIAODEDUIZUGUODEREAI。JIANGZIJIDUIZUGUOSHENQIEDEREAITONGGUOPIPINGLAIBIAODA,SHIYIZHONGYOUYISIDEXIANXIANG。YUDANCHUNSONGYANGZUGUODEZUOPINXIANGBI,ZHEIZHONGBIAODAFANGSHIGENGJUYOUCHUANTOULI。ERQIESHEHUIPIPINGLEISHIPIANZHONGWANGWANGBAOHANLEHENDUOYUDANGSHISHEHUIQINGKUANGYOUGUANDEXINXI,CONGZHEIGEJIAODULAIKAN,FENXICILEISHIPIANYEHUIDAILAIHENDUODESHOUHUO。SHIGEDEBEIJINGDUISHIGEDELIJIESHIFEICHANGZHONGYAODE,BINGQIEYUSHIGEDENEIRONGXIANGGUANLIAN。BUTONGDEBEIJINGHUICUISHENGBUTONGDENEIRONG,SUOYIBEIJINGYECHUYUBIJIAOZHILIE。ZHIHOUBENWENDEZUIHOUYIBUFENHUIJIANGZHEI2SHOUSHIDEGONGTONGDIANYUBUTONGDIANJINXINGZONGJIE。

                          二、概念理析:“爱国主义”

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                          三、海涅社会批评诗的分析阐释

                          ZAI《XILIXIYADEFANGZHIGONGREN》YISHIZHONGYOUYIGEDIYIRENCHENG“WO”,ZHEIGEDIYIRENCHENGZAISHIDEKAITOUJIANGFANGZHIGONGRENDEWAIBIAOJINXINGLEMIAOXIE。DANSHIZHONGJIEXIALAIDEAIYUANYUZUZHOUDOUJIEYOUFANGZHIGONGRENZHIKOUJINXINGLEBIAODA。

                        星云棋牌官网下载   ZHEISHOUSHIJIEGOUGONGZHENG,YOU5DUANZUCHENG,BINGQIEMEIDUANYOU5XING。WUDAIBIAOLERENLEIBENSHEN(SHINVERNANSANDEJIEHETI),SUOYISHUOWUCHANGCHANGYURENLEIXIANGLIANXI。ERZHEISHOUSHIJIECIBIAODADEYISISHIZHEISHIRENLEIDEKUNAN。

                          本诗的第一段从描写纺织工人的外貌开始。“fletschen”(第2行)这个词一般用来描写狗龇牙咧嘴向对方示威的样子,一般不用来描写人。这个词的使用一方面表达出了纺织工人生活的困境,另一方面也表达出他们的愤怒,一触即发。 这使得本诗的开头就有了一种昏暗残酷的气氛。本诗的前两句“Im düstern Auge keine Tr?ne,/sie sitzen am Webstuhl und fletschen die Z?hne”会使得读者发问,为什么纺织工人的眼里没有泪水。对此的解释是当一个人在极度悲伤的情况下留了过多的泪,那他就再没有泪水可以流了。或者另一种解释是,流泪并没有用,我们只能依靠自己的力量起来反抗。第二种解释恰好符合本诗的主题。而纺织工人眼睛的黑暗也是太多生活困苦留下的痕迹。本段接下来的两行阐明的本诗的主题,即诅咒德国。本诗中每一段的最后一句都是相同的。
                         

                        海涅《西里西亚的纺织工人》与杜甫《兵车行》对比
                         

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                          四、分析阐释杜甫的诗歌《兵车行》

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                          五、对比分析

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                          参考文献

                          [1]陈少松.古诗词文吟诵.第三版.北京:社会科学文献出版社,2002.
                          [2]司马光.资治通鉴.北京:中华书局,2013.
                        星云棋牌官网下载   [3]萧涤非.杜甫研究.修订版.济南:齐鲁书社,1980.

                          葛淑君.杜甫和海涅社会批评诗的比较[J].大众文艺,2020(05):27-28.
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