星云棋牌官网下载

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                    法哲学角度探究“乡村振兴战略”有效实施保障

                    时间:2018-12-25 来源:现代商贸工业 作者:熊英利 本文字数:3790字

                      摘    要:星云棋牌官网下载 自2015年推行的“农村电商”以来,迎来了以“新零售”为核心的重要创新。从“农村电商”到“新零售”是新时代国家实施“乡村振兴战略”的重要内容,在本质上体现为缪达尔主张的“国家主义”发展模式,体现为国家权力的运作。权力在其中能否得到良好控制,是“乡村振兴战略”成功实施的关键。所以,拟从法哲学视角,对国家在经济领域的权力性质、形式、效能等进行分析,构建权力控制的理论构架,提出具体的操作性建议,以期对“乡村振兴战略”的成功实施提供助益。

                      关键词: 农民; 权力控制; 主体性;

                      1、 农民的真实需求:“乡村振兴战略”实施效果数学分析

                    星云棋牌官网下载   MUQIAN,WOGUODENONGCUNXIAOFEISHICHANGZHENGZAIXUNSUJUEQI,NONGCUNWANGMINSHULIANGDEKUAISUZENGZHANG,NONGCUNDIANZISHANGWUDEJIAOYICANYUQUNTIYEZAIBUDUANDIZENGJIA。HULIANWANGYU“SANNONG”DERONGHEFAZHAN,KUODALENONGCUNDIQUCHUANGYEJIHUI,YOUXIAOCUJINJINGZHUNFUPINDEKAIZHAN,WEIQUANQIUNONGCUNFUPINKAIPILEYITIAOXINLUJING。SUIZHEWANGLUOHUANJINGDEFAZHAN,NONGCUNDIANSHANGCIKEMIANLINLIANGGEJIONGJING:YISHICHUANTONGDIANSHANGYONGHUZENGZHANGYIJILIULIANGHONGLIBUDUANWEISUO,CHUANTONGDIANSHANGDEZENGZHANGPINGJINGQIKAISHICHUXIAN,CHUANTONGDIANSHANGFAZHANDE“TIANHUABAN”RIYIMINGXI。ERSHICHUANTONGDEXIANSHANGDIANSHANGZISHIJIUCUNZAIZHEDUANBAN,ZHEIXIEDUANBANZAIDUANSHIJIANNEINANYIBUQI。XIANSHANGDEDIANSHANGBUCUNZAIZHIJIEKECHUMOZHIGUANSHUXING,GUANZHONGDEGOUWUTIYANBUJIA。YINCI,YAOTUIDONGXIANSHANGDIANSHANGYUXIANXIADIANSHANGYITIHUAJIANSHE,KAIZHANXINDE“XINSHOU”MOSHI,TUIDONGDIANSHANGDEYOUHUASHENGJI。

                      2 、“乡村振兴战略”的法哲学视角解读:国家权力的运行

                      2.1、 权力的释义

                    星云棋牌官网下载   “QUANLI”ZHEIGECIYUYIBANSHIZHINENGLI、JINENGHUOCAINENG。ZAIRENWENSHEKEWENXIANZHONG,JINGUANYIJINGCUNZAISHANGBAIZHONGGUANYUSHEHUIXINGQUANLIHUORENDUIRENDEQUANLIDEDINGYI,DANJUYOUDAIBIAOXINGDEDINGYIGUIYULIANGGEREN,YIGESHIHUOBUSI,YIGESHILUOSU。HUOBUSISHIDIYIGEJIANGQUANLIWENTINARUZHENGZHIZHEXUEZHONGDEREN,TADUIQUANLIDEJINGDIANDINGYISHI:RENWEIZHUIQIUYIQIEXIANERYIJIANDEWEILAIDELIYIERCAIQUDEYIQIEXIANSHISHOUDUAN。HUOBUSIDEQUANLIHETASHUODEZIRANQUANLISHIYIGEDINGYI,QUANLIBINGFEIWOMENJINTIANLIJIEDE“GONGQUANLI”HUOZHESHUOGUOJIA、ZHENGFUDEQUANLI。LUOSUZEJIANGQUANLIDINGYIWEICHANSHENGYUQIDEYINGXIANG。XIANRAN,LUOSUDEQUANLIHANYOUYIGE“QINGXIANGXING”HANYI,YINWEIYIGEJISHIZAITAHAIMEIYOUDADAOWEILAIDELIYIERCAIQUMOUZHONGSHOUDUANDESHIHOU,TAYEKEYIMINGXIANDIJUBEIZHEIZHONGSHOUDUAN。TAKEYIBUSHIJISHIYONGTADELILIANG,ERDADAOTADEYITU。

                      2.2、 权力的基础在于资源

                      权力的基础在于资源。威廉·伽姆森根据各种资源所具有的“流通性”而分为高度流通性的资源和低流通性的资源。前者指那些“很少需要或根本不需要重新调配就可以直接用于发挥影响”的资源;后者指那些“只有重新加以调配或重新以某种方式加以动员之后才能被用来发挥影响”的资源。伽姆森的分类之间具有含糊性,但“流通性”的概念却是有意义的。高流通性的资源主要指的是个体资源,低流通性的资源主要就是集体拥有的资源。因此,组织是一种集体性的政治资源,它是不均等地分布在社会成员之中的,组织和统一性本身是最基本的集体资源。所以,人们可以认为规模和数量是集团所具有的一种不可还原的集体品质或集体财富。作为集体资源的集团规模,它与权力的运用之间的关联性也是多种多样的,它有助于确定聚焦起来的个人资源的分量。
                     

                    法哲学角度探究“乡村振兴战略”有效实施保障
                     

                      2.3、 国家权力不等于个人利益的集合体

                      GUOJIABUSHIZHENGZHIQUANLIDEDUYIWUERDEZHUTI。QUANLIDEZHUTIBAOKUOGUOJIA、ZUZHIHEGEREN。CONGQUANLINEIRONGKAN,GUOJIAQUANLIXINGTAISHIYIGEQITARENHEQUANLIDOUWUFAYUZHIXIANGBIDEWANZHENGXINGTAI。CONGQUANLIZIYUANKAN,YIGEGUOJIAKEYIZHIPEIDEQUANLIZIYUANBAOKUO:SUOYOUDEZIRANZIYUAN、SHEHUIZIYUAN。QIZHONGGUOJIAQUANLIJUYOUSHEHUIQIANGZHIXING,WULUNRENHEZUZHI、GERENHUOQUNTIJUNBUNENGDONGYONG,GUOJIAQUANLIBISHEHUIQUANLIGENGJUYOUYOUSHI。CONGQUANLIYUNXINGDEMUDEKAN,GUOJIAQUANLIHESHEHUIQUANLICUNZAIXUDUOBUTONGZHICHU,SUIRANERZHEYIGONGGONGLIYIWEIYUNXINGMUDE,DANGUOJIAQUANLISUOCUNZAIDEWEIYIZHENGDANGXINGLIYOUZESHIGUOJIAQUANTIGONGMINDEGONGGONGLIYI。BIANQINRENWEI,QUANLIDEYUNXINGFANGSHIHEQUANLIGENYUANCAISHIZIYOUZHENGFUHEZHUANZHIZHENGFUDEBENZHIQUBIE,GONGTONGTIRUOGANCHENGYUANDELIYIZONGHEJISUOWEIDEGONGTONGTILIYISHEHUILIYIDESHIXIANXUYAOZENGJINMEIGERENDELIYI。YINCI,BIANQINHUYUMEIGERENYINGDANGZUIDAXIANDUDIFAHUIZIJIDELILIANGLAIZHENGQUZIJIJITARENDEXINGFU,YISHIXIANZUIDADUOSHURENDEZUIDAXINGFU。

                      3、 “要我干”与“我要干”的结合:“乡村振兴战略”中的权力控制

                      NONGCUNZHENGFU“YAOWOGAN”HELAOBAIXING“WOYAOGAN”DEXUANZEMAODUNSHIDANGXIANONGCUNZHENGFUZHUDAOXINGGAIGEHENONGMINNEIFAXINGGAIGEDEJUTIBIAOXIAN。“YAOWOGAN”TIXIANDESHIYIZHONGXIANZHIZIYOUDEQIANGZHISHOUDUAN,ER“WOYAOGAN”ZESHIYIZHONGYINONGMINWEIZHUTIDEZIYOUQUANDETIXIAN。“XIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVE”ZHEIYIZHANLVEDEYIXIANGZHONGYAOJUCUOJIUSHIXINGNONGFUPIN,QITIXIANDEJIUSHIZHENGFUDEZHUDAOXINGYUNONGMINDEBEICANYUXING。XIANRUJIN,RUOJINJINCAIQUSHUXUESHI、JIUZHUSHIDEFUPINSHIYUANYUANBUGOUDE,ZHENGFUYINGDANGMIAOZHUNPINKUNDEGENBENSUOZAI,KUODAQUNZHONGCANYU,JIAQIANGLILIANGZHENGHE,YICIDAIDONGSHEHUIFAZHAN。DANXIANSHISHEHUIZHONG,FUPINXIANGMUMEIYOUZHENZHENGWEIQIONGRENSUOSHOUYI,SHOUYIDEZHUTIZHISHIFUPINZIYUANDEDAILIREN。CIWAI,ZAIFUPINXIANGMUZHONGHAICHUXIANLEZHUTIBUMING、CHANQUANBUQINGDENGWENTI,NONGMINYIRANZAIFUCHIZHONGCHUYUBEIDONGDENEIYIFANG。CANYUSHIYIGEFUQUANGUOCHENG、SHIYIGEZIZHUJIANSHE、XUEXIFENXIANGGUOCHENG,ERFUPINXIANGMUDEKAIZHANZESHIYIGETONGGUOZENGQIANGPINKUNNONGHUDECANYUHEGUANLINENGLI,SHIXIANZIWOFAZHAN、ZIWOWANSHAN,ZUIZHONGDADAOGONGJULIXINGYUSHIZHILIXINGXIANGYIZHIDEMUDE。

                      3.1、 政府主导型扶贫制度与制度性陷阱

                      WOGUONONGCUNFUPINZHIDUXINGXIANJINGDEZUIZHUYAOYUANYINZHIYISHIZHENGFUZHUDAOXINGFUPINZHIDU。ZHENGFUZHUDAOXINGFUPINZUIZHUYAODEMUDESHISHIFUPINDUIXIANGDEDAOFAZHAN,DANZHENGFUZAIZHUDAOFUPINDEGUOCHENGZHONGBINGMEIYOUJIYUNONGMINZUGOUDEZHUTIXING。LIRU,SHANGSHIJI90NIANDAIMOQI,YUNNANKUCONGDIQUDEZHENGFUBANGZHUGAIDIRENMINFAZHAN,TOURULEDALIANGDERENLIWULICAILI。ZHENGFUXIANHOUPAIZHUWUPIGONGZUODUIWUKAIZHANFUPINGONGZUO,BUDUANSHICUO,ZUIZHONGTONGGUOGEJIZHENGFULIANHEFUPIN,SHIKUCONGDIQUDERENMINJIEJUELEWUFENZHIYIPINKUNZHEDEJIBENWENBAOWENTI。SISHINIANDEFUPINLICHENG、XIANHOUWUPIGONGZUODUIWUDEFUPINCHENGGUODUIDANGJINNONGCUNDIQUDEFAZHANJUZENYANGDEJIEYIYI?GEGEGONGZUODUIWUWEILEXIAOCHUPINKUN,CAIQULEXUDUOQIANGYOULIDEZHIDUXINGCUOSHI,DANWEIHEZUIHOUCHENGXIAOSHENWEI,SHIFUPINGONGZUOZHANGDASISHINIANZHIJIU?TONGGUODIAOCHAWOMENBUNANFAXIAN,ZAIZHEIXIEZHIDUXINGCUOSHIDESHISHIGUOCHENGZHONG,ZUIZHUYAOZUAIBUSHINONGCUNWENHUASUZHIHEJICHUSHESHIDEKEGUANTIAOJIAN,ERSHINONGMINZAIFAZHANGONGZUOZHONGZHUTIWENTIDEQUESHAO。

                      3.2 、农村经济发展的制度性陷阱与发展的边际效用递减

                      AMADIYA·SENRENWEI,YOUYUSHEHUICUNZAIBUPINGDENGXINGQIONGRENXIANGSHOUFAZHANDEJIBENFULIJIHUIBEIBODUOLE,TAMENBUCUNZAIRENHEDEKEXUANZEXING,ZUIZHONGDAOZHIQIQUANLIDEPINKUN。YINCI,NONGCUNPINKUNZHEYOUYUNONGCUNDEKEGUANHUANJINGELIE,QICUIRUOXINGXIANGBIYIBANDIQUDERENERYANGENGRONGYISHOUDAOCHONGJI,ZAIDANGQIANCHENGXIANGERYUANJIEGOUZHONG,LAODONGLIDESHICHANGFENGEYUFAMINGXIAN。XIANSHISHENGHUOZHONGPUBIANCUNZAIZHENGFUDUINONGMINQUANLIDEQINHAI。LIRU:ZENGJIANONGMINDESHOUFEIMINGMU、QINFANNONGMINDETUDIQUANYIDENG。ZAIGEJIZHENGFUYUNONGMINFAZHANXIANGMUHEZUODEGUOCHENGZHONG,NONGMINGUODUYILAIXIANYOUDEZHIDU,ZHENGFUYEHUSHILEPEIYUNONGCUNDIQUDESHICHANGTIXIHEZUZHI。YINCIYAOXIANGDEDAONONGCUNJINGJIFAZHANDESHIXIAOFAZHAN,JIUBIXUCHUANGXINBIANJIXIAOYONGDIZENGDEFAZHANZHIDU,JIYAOQUELINONGMINDEZHUTIDIWEI,YEYAOTIXIANZHENGFUDETUIDONGZUOYONG。

                      3.3 、权力控制理论

                    星云棋牌官网下载   CONGFAZHEXUEDEJIAODULAIKAN,SHEHUISHENGHUOXUYAOGUOJIAYUNYONGQIQUANLIJINXINGGUANKONG,ERGUOJIAZHENGZHIQUANLIZEWEISHEHUIGONGGONGLIYIDESHIXIANTIGONGYOULIDEBAOZHANG。DANSHIGUOJIAZHENGZHIQUANLIDESHUANGMIANXINGYEJUEDINGLEQIKENENGCUNZAIPOHUAISHEHUIZHIXU、QINFANGONGMINQUANYIDEQINGXING,YINCI,RENLEIDUIZHENGZHIQUANLICONGGUZHIJINBIANCUNZAIYIZHONGJIXIANGXINTA、YILAITAYOUJUPATA、HUAIYITADEMAODUN。QUANLIJUYOUZHIPEIXING,JINENGZHIPEITARENYICILAIFUWUSHEHUI,YENENGXIAOLAOYUZHANGKONGZHEDESIRENLIYI。YINCI,KENENGDAOZHIGONGQUANSIYONG,ZISHENGQUANLIFUBAI。ERJIAOZHIQUANLIFUBAIBIANCHENGLEYIXIANGZAIGUOJIAZHENGZHIHESHEHUISHIJIANYANJIUZHONGDEZHONGDANANTI。ZUOWEIYIXIANGFAZHIXITONGGONGCHENG,QUANLIKONGZHIDEGOUJIANBIXUDIAODONGQUANFANGWEI、GEFANGMIANDEQUANLIJIANKONGZIYUANJINXINGYOUJIZHENGHE。

                      4、 结论与建议:“乡村振兴战略”成功实施的法学路径勾绘

                      “XIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVE”DEYOUXIAOSHISHI,XUYAOFAZHIZHULI。FAZHIGUOJIAHEFAZHISHEHUISHIZHONGGUODANGDAIJIWEILAISHEHUIZHENGTIXITONGDELIANGGEJIXIANGDUIDULIYOUBICIYILAI、MIQIELIANXIDELINGYU,TAMENDEGONGTONGYUNZUOHEHUWEIZHICHIGOUCHENGXIANDAIZHONGGUODETONGYIZHENGTIHUOLIANGXINGHUDONGXITONG。JIYUCI,CONGFAZHEXUEDEJIAODUCHUFA,“XIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVE”CHENGGONGSHISHIYINGZUNXUNXIALIESANGEYUANZE:

                      SHOUXIAN,CONGWOGUOSHIJICHUFA,JIANCHISHEHUIBENWEI,JIANSHAOGUOJIAQUANLIDEKONGZHI。GUOJIAZHUYIYUSHEHUIZHUYISHIXIANGDUIYINGERCUNZAIDE,SHEHUIBENWEISHIGUOJIAHESHEHUIGUANXIDEJIBENJIAZHIQUXIANG。YINCI,YAOJIAQIANGSHEHUIDEZIWOGUANLI,FANGZHIGUOJIAQUANLIDELANYONG。QICI,JIANLIHEWANSHANFALVJIZHI,BAOZHANGGUOJIAWEISHEHUIFUWUDEGUANNIANGUANCHELUOSHIDAOGUOJIAQUANLIYUNXINGDEGEGEFANGMIAN。FALVDUIGUOJIAGONGQUANLIDEZHIYUEJIAOSHAO,DUISHEHUISIQUANLIDEGANYUGUODUO,BULIYUGUOJIAGONGQUANLIDEGUIFANYUSHEHUISIQUANLIDEGUANCHELUOSHI。ZAICI,DUIGUOJIAHONGGUANGANYUDEQUANLISHISHIYOUXIAODEGUANKONG,QUELIGUOJIADUISHEHUIDEHONGGUANDIAOKONGHESHIDUGANYU。ZAISHIMINSHEHUIZHONG,RENMENDOUJIANGTARENZUOWEIMANZUZIJISIRENLIYIDESHOUDUAN,TONGGUOQIYUESHIXIANGONGZHENGDEFANGSHIKENENGHUIDAOZHISHEHUIZHIXUDEPOHUAI。YINCI,SHIMINSHEHUIJIJUYOUSHUANGMIANXING。WOGUOMUQIANCHUYUSHEHUIZHUYICHUJIJIEDUAN,SHENGCHANLISHUIPINGJIAODI,GUOMINSUZHIHAIYOUDAITISHENG,ZAIZHEIYANGDESHIDAIBEIJINGXIA,GUOJIAYINGDANGJIAQIANGGUOJIADUISHEHUIDESHIDANGGANYU,TONGSHIYEYAOFANGZHIGUOJIAQUANLIDELANYONGHEFUBAI。

                      ZUIHOU,BIXUZHICHU,WULUNSHICONGSHEHUIYUGUOJIADEFALVZHENGHE,HAISHICONGLIANZHENGFAZHISHIJIERLUN,FALVZHENGHEZHUYAOSHIXIANFAZHENGHE。XIANFAWEISHIMINSHEHUIYUZHENGZHIGUOJIAZHIJIANHUADINGJIEXIAN,SHISHIMINSHEHUIYUGUOJIAZHENGZHIZHIJIANDADAOPINGHENG,XINGCHENGYIZHONGSHIMINSHEHUIDEYOUXIAOZIZHI。LIANZHENGJIANSHEBIXUZHONGSHIXIANFAZHIDUDEJIANSHE,XIANFAZHIDUDEJIANSHEBIXUZHONGSHIXIANFADEKONGQUANJIZHIDEJIANSHE,CONGERDADAOGUOJIAYUSHEHUIGUANXIDEPINGHENG。ZONGERYANZHI,ZAIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVEZHONG,DUIGUOJIAQUANLIDEKONGZHI,YOULIYUFAHUINONGMINDEZIYOUYIZHI,GENGHAODITIXIANNONGMINZAIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVEZHONGDEZHUTIXINGDIWEI,BAOZHANGNONGMINDEHEFAXINGQUANYI,SHIXIANXIANGCUNZHENXING。

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                      [1] 阿马蒂亚·森.以自由看待发展[M].北京:中国人民大学出版社,2002.
                      [2] 费孝通.乡土中国[M].北京:北京出版社,2011.
                      [3] 弗里德利希·冯·哈耶克.自由秩序原理[M].北京:生活·读书·新知三联书店,1997.
                      [4] 罗素.权力论[M].台北:东方出版社,1995.
                      [5] 法兰西斯·福山.信任[M].北京:立绪文化事业有限公司,2004.
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                      [7] 费孝通,张之毅.云南二村[M].北京:社会科学文献出版社,2006.
                    星云棋牌官网下载   [8] 张建君.中国经济转型的模式特征探析[J].现代经济探讨,2009,(6):37.

                      本文引用格式:熊英利.“乡村振兴战略”的法哲学思考[J].现代商贸工业,2020,41(02):153-154.
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