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                              大数据下社区治理法治化水平提升策略

                              时间:2018-12-25 来源:佳木斯职业学院学报 作者:乔淑贞 本文字数:4016字

                                摘    要:星云棋牌官网下载 近年来,随着现代信息技术的快速发展,人类已经全面进入了大数据时代,大数据时代的到来给人们的生活和工作带来巨大变化。在大数据时代,我国社区治理如何提升其法治化程度、完善法治保障的社会管理体系已经成为了摆在人们面前的一项重要任务。但就目前来说,我国大数据时代的社区治理在法治化的管理方面还存在着一些问题,因此必须对其给予足够的重视。

                                关键词: 大数据; 社区治理; 法治化;

                                XIANJIEDUANWOGUOYIJINGQUANMIANJINRULEXINDELISHIFAZHANJIEDUAN,ZHANZAIXINDELISHIFAZHANQIDIANZHISHANG,WOGUODUISHEQUZHILIDEFAZHIHUATICHULEXINDEYAOQIUHEMUBIAO。RUHEZAIXINDELISHIBEIJINGZHIXIA,JIEHEDASHUJUJISHUZUOHAOWOGUOSHEQUZHILIDEFAZHIHUAGONGZUOSHIXIANDAIRENMENBIXUSIKAODEWENTI。YINCI,ZAIDANGQIANDUIDASHUJUSHIDAISHEQUZHILIDEFAZHIHUAWENTIJINXINGSHENRUYANJIUJUYOUHENQIANGDEXIANSHIYIYI。

                                一、我国社区治理法治化存在的问题

                                1. 利用大数据开展社区治理法治化工作的意识薄弱

                              星云棋牌官网下载   SIWEIJUEDINGXINGDONG,RENMENDESIWEIFANGSHIHUIDUIXINGWEIXUANZEHEJIAZHIXUANZECHANSHENGZHONGYAOERSHENYUANDEYINGXIANG。TONGYANGDE,ZAIWOGUOSHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUADEGONGZUOKAIZHANGUOCHENGDANGZHONG,GONGZUORENYUANDEZHILILINIANHEGONGZUOCHULISIXIANGFANGZHENYEHUIZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGDUISHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUADEJINCHENGCHANSHENGZHONGYAODEYINGXIANG。DANGQIANRENLEIYIJINGQUANMIANJINRULEDASHUJUSHIDAI,CONGJINJINIANWOGUOSHEQUZHILIDESHIJIANFAZHANLAIKAN,WOGUOSHEQUZHILIHAICUNZAIZHESHEQUZHILIGONGZUORENYUANDUIDASHUJUJISHUDELIYONGYISHIJIAOWEIBORUODEWENTI,MEIYOUXINGCHENGCAIQUDASHUJUJISHULAIKAIZHANSHEQUZHILIBINGTUIDONGSHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAJINYIBUFAZHANDESIXIANG。JULILAISHUO,SHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUADANGZHONGCAIYONGDASHUJUJISHUJINXINGZHILIDEYISHIBORUOZHEIYIWENTIZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEI,SHEQUZHILILINGDAOZHEDUIDASHUJUJISHUDERENSHICHENGDUBUZU,MEIYOUDUIDASHUJUXINGCHENGYIGEKEGUANZHUNQUEDERENSHI,HAIWEIYISHIDAOZAISHEQUZHILIDEGUOCHENGDANGZHONGCAIYONGDASHUJUJISHUDUIXIANGGUANSHUJUJINXINGLIANGHUAHEXITONGFENXIDUIYUTIGAOSHEQUZHILIXIAOLVHESHEQUZHILIZHILIANGDEZHONGYAOXING。YINCI,ZAISHEQUZHILIGONGZUODEKAIZHANHELUOSHIGUOCHENGDANGZHONGYEWEINENGGOUJIYUDASHUJUJISHUDESHIYONGYIZUGOUDERENLI、WULIHEZIJINZHICHI,DAOZHIDASHUJUJISHUZAISHUJUZHILIDANGZHONGDEYINGYONGSHUIPINGJIAODI,FAHUIZUOYONGJIAOXIAO。YUCITONGSHIWOMENYEYINGDANGYISHIDAO,YOUYUSHEQUGUANLIRENYUANDUIDASHUJUDERENSHIBUZU、ZHANGWONENGLIBUGOU,ZHEIYEZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGDAOZHILESHEHUIXIETONGLILIANGYUGONGZHONGWUFAYOUXIAOCANYUDAOSHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAJINCHENGDANGZHONGLAI,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGZENGJIALEJICENGSHEQUFAZHIHUAZHILIDENANDU。

                                2. 缺乏大数据技术人才

                                在社区的治理过程当中,社区管理人员的能力和素养会在很大程度上影响到社区治理法治化的整体质量和水平。从近几年我国社区治理法治化的实践来看,我国的社区治理法治化存在着一个相对较为明显的问题,那就是基层社区当中管理人员对大数据技术的掌握能力不足,缺乏大数据技术人才。基层社区治理法治化进程缺乏专业大数据人才的有效支撑,导致各项关于大数据使用的工作在开展方面难以有效推进。具体来说,在社区治理法治化进程当中缺乏大数据技术人才其原因主要可以从以下两个方面来分析。
                               

                              大数据下社区治理法治化水平提升策略
                               

                                DIYI,SHEQUZHILIDEGONGZUORENYUANWEINENGGOUGENSHANGSHIDAIFAZHANCHAOLIU,JIJIXUEXIDASHUJUSIXIANGHEDASHUJUJISHU,ZAISHEQUZHILIGONGZUODEKAIZHANFANGMIANYIRANCAIQUCHUANTONGDEGONGZUOFANGSHI,DAOZHISHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUADEZHILIANGHEXIAOLVCHICHIDEBUDAOYOUXIAOTISHENG。

                                DIER,SHEQUZHILIRENYUANDEGOUCHENGXIANGDUIJIAOWEICHENJIU,QUEFAXIANGYINGDERENCAIYINJINJIZHI,DAOZHISHEQUDEFAZHIHUAZHILIZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGCHENGXIANCHUYINXUNSHOUJIUDEZHUANGTAI。DASHUJUJISHUHEDASHUJUSIXIANGBUNENGGOUHENHAODISHENTOUDAOSHEQUZHILIDANGZHONG,JISHEQUZHILIDEFAZHIHUAJINCHENGDAILAILEBULIYINGXIANG。

                                3. 社区治理机制不健全

                              星云棋牌官网下载   SHEQUZHILIJIZHIHESHEQUZHILIGUIZHANGZHIDUSHISHEQUZHILIGONGZUOFAZHIHUATUIJINDEZHONGYAOYITUO,YINCI,SHEQUZHILIJIZHIHESHEQUZHILIDEGUIZHANGZHIDUSHIFOUKEXUEHEJIANQUANJIANGHUIZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGDUISHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUADEJINCHENGCHANSHENGZHIJIEYINGXIANG。CONGJINJINIANWOGUOSHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUADETUIJINGUOCHENGLAIKAN,ZAIHENDUODIFANGSHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAHAICUNZAIZHESHEQUZHILIJIZHIBUJIANQUAN、SHEQUZHILIDEGUIZHANGZHIDUCHENJIULUOHOU、WEINENGGENSHANGSHIDAIFAZHANCHAOLIUDENGDEWENTI。ZHEIYANZHONGZUAILESHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUADECHIXUSHENRUTUIJIN。YOUYUSHEQUZHILIJIZHIBUJIANQUANDAOZHIWOGUODESHEQUZHILIZAIFAZHIHUADETUIJINFANGMIANYIRANSHIQUEFAXITONGHEKEXUEGUIFAN。SHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUACHENGXIANSUIPIANHUAZHUANGTAI,QUEFAYUJUMINHELISHUANGXIANGDEGOUTONGJIZHI,WUFAHENHAODIWEIJUMINFUWU。

                                4. 难以准确判断居民需求

                                DANGQIANWOGUOSHEQUZHILICUNZAICUFANGHUADEQINGXIANG,BUNENGGOUYOUXIAOHEZHUNQUEDIBUZHUODAOSHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAJINCHENGDANGZHONGDEZHONGDIAN。SHEQUZHILIDEGONGZUONEIRONGXIANGDUIJIAOWEIFUZA,SHEJIMIANJIJIAOGUANG、FANWEIJIAODA,YINCI,SHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAJINCHENGDANGZHONGGONGZUORENYUANNANYIZHUNQUEYOUXIAODIBUZHUODAOJUMINDUIFAZHIHUAJINCHENGDEYAOQIUHEXIANGGUANXUQIUCHENGWEILEXIANJIEDUANWOGUOSHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAJINCHENGDANGZHONGDEYIGEZHONGYAOWENTI。XIANJIEDUAN,WOGUODESHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAJINCHENGGONGZUODANGZHONG,HENDUOSHEQUZHILIGONGZUORENYUANYIRANCAIYONGCHUANTONGDEGONGZUOFANGSHI,ZHEIJIUDAOZHILEJUMINMENGUANXINDEWENTIHEPOQIEXIWANGJIEJUEDEWENTIBUNENGGOUJISHI、ZHUNQUEHEYOUXIAODIBEISHEQUGUANLIGONGZUORENYUANLEJIEHEZHANGWO,ZHEISHIDESHEQUZHILIGONGZUORENYUANYUSHEQUJUMINZHIJIANDIGOUTONGHEJIAOLIUCHUXIANWENTI,BULIYUTUIDONGSHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAZHILIANGDETIGAO。

                                二、大数据时代提高社区治理法治化水平的措施

                                1. 增强社区治理工作者对大数据技术的使用意识

                                ZHENDUIMUQIANWOGUOZAISHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAJINCHENGGONGZUODANGZHONGCUNZAIDESHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUADUIDASHUJUJISHUDESHIYONGYISHIJIAOWEIDANBOZHEIYIWENTI,RENMENYINGDANGQINGXINGDIRENSHIDAOCONGSIXIANGYISHILINGYUZHESHOULAIZENGQIANGSHEQUZHILIGONGZUOZHELIYONGDASHUJUJISHUDESIXIANGYISHIDEZHONGYAOXINGHEBIYAOXING。JUTILAISHUO,YAOXIANGSHIXIANZENGQIANGSHEQUZHILIGONGZUOZHEDUIDASHUJUJISHUDESHIYONGYISHI,ZHUYAOKEYICONGYIXIALIANGGEFANGMIANLAIJINXINGKAOLV。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   DIYI,CONGGUOJIACENGMIANLAISHUO。WOGUOXIANGGUANGUANLIBUMENYINGGAIDUISHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAZHEIYIGONGZUOTICHUXINDEYAOQIUHEMUBIAO,JIEHESHIDAIFAZHANXUQIU,ZAISHENRUFENXIDANGQIANWOGUOFAZHANSHIJIQINGKUANGDEJICHUZHISHANG,ZHANZAISHIDAIFAZHANDEGAODUSHANGDUIDASHUJUJISHUZAITUIJINSHEHUIZHILIFAZHIHUAJINCHENGDANGZHONGDEZHONGYAOZUOYONGJINXINGXITONGHUAYANJIU,WEIDANGQIANWOGUOSHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAJINCHENGLIYONGDASHUJUJISHUZHEIYIGUANJIANKETIZHIMINGFANGXIANGBINGTIGONGXIANGGUANDEJISHUHERENCAIZHICHI。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   DIER,CONGSHEQUZHILIGONGZUOZHEZISHENLAISHUO,SHEQUZHILIGONGZUOZHEYINGDANGCONGGENBENSHANGRENSHIDAODASHUJUJISHUZAIDANGQIANSHEHUIFAZHANDANGZHONGDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG,BUDUANDIJIEFANGSIXIANG,GENSHANGSHIDAIFAZHANCHAOLIU,JIJIXUEXISHIDAIHESHEHUIFAZHANSUOCHANSHENGDEXINSHIWU,TIGAOZIJIDUIDASHUJUJISHUDERENSHICHENGDUBINGJIJIZHUDONGXUEXIDASHUJUJISHU,LIQIUZAIZUIDACHENGDUSHANGQUEBAOZAIRICHANGSHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAJINCHENGGONGZUODEKAIZHANGUOCHENGDANGZHONGNENGGOULIYONGDASHUJUJISHULAIFENXIWENTIHECHULIWENTI,TIGAOZHILIFAZHIHUAJINCHENGDEGONGZUOZHILIANGHEGONGZUOSHUIPING。CHUCIZHIWAI,SHEQUZHILIGONGZUOZHEYOUQISHISHEQUZHILILINGDAOZHEHAIYAODUIDASHUJUJISHUDESHIYONGJIYUZUGOUDERENLI、WULIHEZIJINZHICHI,LIQIUNENGGOUZAIZUIDACHENGDUSHANGQUEBAODASHUJUJISHUDEYINGYONGHELIYOUXU。

                                2. 建立高素质大数据技术人才队伍

                              星云棋牌官网下载   ZHENDUIMUQIANWOGUOZAISHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAJINCHENGGONGZUODANGZHONGCUNZAIDEQUEFAGAOSUZHIDASHUJURENCAIZHICHENGDEWENTI,YINGDANGYISHIDAOYIJIANLIGAOSUZHIDASHUJUJISHURENCAIDUIWUWEISHOUDUANLAICUJINSHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAJINCHENGZHILIANGHESHUIPINGTISHENGDEZHONGYAOYIYI。JUTILAISHUOYAOXIANGSHIXIANJIANLIGAOSUZHIDASHUJUJISHURENCAIDUIWUZHEIYIMUBIAOZHUYAOKEYICONGYIXIALIANGGEFANGMIANJINXINGKAOLV。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   DIYI,DUIYUANYOUDESHEQUZHILIGONGZUORENYUANJINXINGXITONGHUAPEIXUN。YINGDANGMINGQUE,SHEQUZHILIGONGZUOJUYOUHENQIANGDEFUZAXINGHEZHANGQIXINGTEZHENG,YINCI,BUNENGGOUTONGGUODAPILIANGYINJINDASHUJUJISHURENCAIDEFANGSHILAISHIXIANSHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAJINCHENGZHILIANGSHUIPINGDEFEIYUESHIFAZHAN,ZHEIQUEFAKEXINGXING,YEWEIBEISHIWUFAZHANDEKEGUANGUILV。YINCI,DANGQIANWOGUOSHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAGONGZUOKEYITONGGUOPINQINGZHUANYEQUANWEIRENSHIDUIYUANYOUDESHEQUZHILIGONGZUOZHEJINXINGZHUANYEHUAHEXITONGHUADASHUJUJISHUJIZHONGPEIXUNDEFANGSHILAISHIXIANYUANYOUSHEQUGONGZUORENYUANDUIDASHUJUJISHURENSHISHANGDETISHENGHESHIYONGJINENGSHANGDEZENGQIANG,SHIQIZAIRICHANGGONGZUOKAIZHANDEGUOCHENGDANGZHONGJIJIYUNYONGDASHUJUJISHU。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   DIER,JIJIDIYINJINYOUXIUDASHUJUJISHURENCAI。CHULEDUIYUANYOUDESHEQUZHILIGONGZUOZHEJINXINGDASHUJUFANGMIANJINENGDEPEIXUNZHIWAI,SHEQUZHILIYEYINGDANGZAISHIDANGDESHIJIANYINJINYOUXIURENCAI,SHIYOUXIURENCAIDEYINJINWEISHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAGONGZUOZHURUXINXIANXUEYEHEDAILAIXINSHENGLILIANG。XUYAOZHUYIDESHI,ZAIRENCAIYINJINDEGUOCHENGDANGZHONGBUNENGGOUJINJINDUIBEIYINJINRENCAIDEDASHUJUJISHULILUNZHISHIJINXINGYANGEYAOQIU,YEYAODUIBEIYINJINRENYUANDEDASHUJUJISHUSHIJICAOZUONENGLIHESHIJIYINGYONGNENGLIJINXINGYANGEDEBAGUAN,LIQIUNENGGOUZAIZUIDACHENGDUSHANGQUEBAOSUOYINJINDEDASHUJUJISHURENCAIJIGAOSHUIPINGLILUNZHISHIHEGAOSHUISHIJICAOZUONENGLIYUYISHEN。

                                3. 建立健全利用大数据的社区治理机制

                                SHEQUZHILIJIZHIDEJIANLIHESHEQUXIANGGUANZHILIGUIFANZHIDUDEZHIDINGSHISHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAGONGZUOSHENRUCHIXUKAIZHANDEZHONGYAOQIANTIHEJISHUBAOZHANG,YINCI,DANGQIANWOGUOYINGDANGJIANLIJIANQUANLIYONGDASHUJUDESHEQUZHILIJIZHI,JIANGDASHUJUJISHUYINGYONGXIERUSHEQUZHILIGUIFANDANGZHONG,JIANGLIYONGDASHUJUKAIZHANSHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAGONGZUOJINXINGLIANGHUAHEZHIDUHUA,LIQIUNENGGOUZAIZUIDACHENGDUSHANGQUEBAODASHUJUJISHUCANYUSHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAGONGZUONENGGOUDEDAOBIYAODEGUIFANZHIDUDEBAOZHANG。ZAIJIANLILIYONGDASHUJUSHEQUZHILIJIZHIDEGUOCHENGDANGZHONG,YOUYUWOGUOZAIDASHUJUJISHUFAZHANFANGMIANDEQIBUJIAOWAN,QUEFAXIANGGUANDEJINGYAN,YINCIZAIXIANGGUANGUIZHANGZHIDUDEJIANLIGUOCHENGDANGZHONGKEYISHIDANGDIJIEJIANWAIGUOFENGFUDEJINGYAN,ZAIJIEHEWOGUOSHIJIGUOQINGDEJICHUZHISHANGZUOCHUXIANGYINGDEDIAOZHENGHEGAISHAN,LIQIUNENGGOUZAIZUIDACHENGDUSHANGQUEBAOSUOZHIDINGDESHEQUZHILIJIZHINENGGOUFUHEWOGUOGUOQINGHEFUHEWOGUOSHEQUZHILISHIJIQINGKUANG,ERBUSHIYIWEIDISHENGBANYINGTAO。

                                4. 利用大数据技术打造独特的法治化道路

                                ZHENDUIMUQIANWOGUOZAISHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAJINCHENGFANGMIANCUNZAIDESHEQUZHILIGONGZUOZHENANYIZHUNQUEPANDUANJUMINXUQIUZHEIYIWENTI,WOMENKEYILIYONGDASHUJUJISHULAIDAZAODUTEDEFAZHIHUADAOLU,CHONGFENLIYONGDASHUJUDEYOUDIANJIANLIQISHEQUZHILIYUJUMINSUQIUDEGONGXIANGJIZHI。JIANGDASHUJUHEYUNJISUANJINXINGSHENRUJIEHE,BUDUANDITIGAOSHUJUFENXINENGLI,CONGZHONGDUOXINXISHUJUDANGZHONGZHUNQUEDIBUZHUOJUMINSUQIU,YIDANJUMINDEHELISUQIUDEDAOLEXIANGYING、XIANGGUANWENTIDEDAOLEJISHIDEJIEJUE,ZEJUMINDESHEQUZHILICANYUJIJIXINGBIANHUIDEDAOHENDADETISHENG,HUIGENGJIAJIJIDICANYUDAOSHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAJINCHENGDANGZHONGLAI,TIGAOSHEQUZHILIDEZONGTIZHILIANGHESHUIPING。

                                三、结语

                                BENWENYIDASHUJUSHIDAISHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAWEIQIERUDIAN,SHENRUFENXIDASHUJUSHIDAISHEQUZHILICUNZAIDEWENTI,LIRU,LIYONGDASHUJUKAIZHANSHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUAGONGZUODEYISHIBORUO、QUEFADASHUJUJISHURENCAIDENG,BINGZAICIJICHUZHISHANGTICHULEZHURUZENGQIANGSHEQUZHILIGONGZUOZHEDUIDASHUJUJISHUDESHIYONGYISHI、JIANLIGAOSUZHIDASHUJUJISHURENCAIDUIWUYIJIJIANLIJIANQUANLIYONGDASHUJUDESHEQUZHILIJIZHIDENGDASHUJUSHIDAITIGAOSHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUASHUIPINGDECUOSHI,XIWANGDUIYUCUJINDASHUJUSHIDAIWOGUOSHEQUZHILIFAZHIHUADEJINYIBUFAZHANJUYOUYIDINGJIEJIANYIYI。

                                参考文献

                                [1]黄仕玉.大数据时代背景下的基层社会治理研究——以贵阳市为例[J].经济研究导刊,2019(10).
                                [2]王爽.大数据时代与社会治理创新[J].党政干部学刊,2019(3).
                                [3]刘光峰,陈新军.大数据时代社会治理创新策略研究[J].中国信息化,2019(1).

                                本文引用格式:乔淑贞.大数据时代社区治理法治化问题研究[J].佳木斯职业学院学报,2019(12):64-65.
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