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                            学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 土木建筑论文 > 城市规划论文

                            GIS在城市规划管理、编制中的应用及其发展趋势

                            时间:2014-02-05 来源:未知 作者:小韩 本文字数:2740字
                            论文摘要

                              1 GIS ZAICHENGSHIGUIHUAGUANLIZHONGDEYINGYONG

                            星云棋牌官网下载   20 SHIJI 80 NIANDAIKAISHI,WOGUOCHENGSHIGUIHUAJIEKAISHIYINGYONGGENGDUODEXINFANGFAHEXINJISHU,ZHUYAOTIXIANZAIJIYU GIS JISHUDECHENGSHIGUIHUAGUANLIXINXIXITONGDEXIUJIANHEKAITUOSHANG。JINRU 20 SHIJI 90 NIANDAIHOU,GIS JISHUZHUBUBEIGUANGFANYUNYONGYUCHENGSHIDEGUIHUAXINXICHAXUN、FENXIFANGMIAN,XUDUOJINGJIFADADECHENGSHIZAIZHEIFANGMIANDOUJINXINGLESHIJIAN。A SHIGUIHUAJUJIANSHEDEJIYU GIS PINGTAIXIADECHENGSHIGUIHUASHUZIBAOJIANXITONG,NENGGOUKEGUANDIMONISHIJIGUIHUAGUANLIGUOCHENG,MEIGECENGCIDEGUIHUASHENPI、GUANLIGONGZUOQUANMIANSHIXIANJISUANJIYUNXING;B SHIJIANLILEJIANZHUZONGTUDIANZIBAOPIXITONG,SHUNLIDIWANCHENGLEJIANZHUZONGPINGMIANTUDIANZIBAOPIHE GIS SHUJURUKU;C SHIZECHENGGONGJIANSHELEGAOXIAO、CHANGTONGDEXINXIWANGLUOHUANJING,JIANSHELECHENGSHIJIANSHEHEGUANLIXINXIWANG,DALITUIJINLE CCHENGSHIJIANSHEXINXIXITONGDEGOUJIAN;D SHICONG 1995 NIANQI,JIANSHELECHENGSHIGUIHUABANGONGZIDONGHUAXITONG、DIXIAGUANXIANXINXIXITONG、KANCEXINXIXITONGHECHENGJIANDANGANXINXIXITONG。

                              GIS JUYOUHAILIANGSHUJUDECUNCHUHEGUANLIGONGNENG,ZHEIYIDIANSHI GIS JISHUZAICHENGSHIGUIHUAGUANLIZHONGBEIGUANGFANYINGYONGDEZHUYAOYUANYIN。ZAICHENGSHIGUIHUAGUANLIXINXIXITONGZHONG,JIANYOUJIYU GIS DEGUIHUAKONGJIANSHUJUKU。ERZAIYIXIEZHONGXIAOCHENGSHIDEGUIHUAGUANLIXINXIXITONGZHONG,GIS DEZHUYAOGONGNENGJIUSHIZUOWEIGUIHUASHUJUKUHEGUANLIXITONGDECAOZUOPINGTAI。YIGEWANZHENGDEJIYU GIS JISHUDECHENGSHIGUIHUAGUANLIXINXIXITONGZHUYAOBAOKUOGUIHUAKONGJIANHESHUXINGSHUJUKU、YONGHUJIEKOU、GUIHUAGUANLIGONGNENGMOKUAISANBUFEN。QIZHONG,SHUJUKUSHIZHENGGEXITONGDEJICHU,YONGHUJIEKOUSHIRENJIJIAOHUDEJIEMIAN,GONGNENGMOKUAISHIGEGECENGCIDEGUIHUASHENPIZIXITONG,SANZHEYOUJIJICHENG,CONGERSHIXIANCHENGSHIGUIHUAGUANLIDEZIDONGHUAHEGUIFANHUA。CONGZONGTISHANGKAN,ZAICHENGSHIGUIHUAGUANLILINGYU,GIS YIJINGCHENGWEILECHENGSHIXIANDAIHUADEBIAOZHIHEZHONGYAODEJICHUSHESHIZHIYI,TAZHUYAOYONGYUCHENGSHIDONGTAIGUANLI,BINGNENGDUICHENGSHIZHONGDAWENTI、TUFAXINGSHIJIANZUOCHUKEXUEJUECEDEYIZHONGXIANDAIHUAJISHUSHOUDUAN。

                              2 GIS ZAICHENGSHIGUIHUABIANZHIZHONGDEYINGYONG

                            星云棋牌官网下载   CHENGSHIGUIHUABIANZHISHIZHIGENJUGUOJIADECHENGSHIFAZHANJIANSHEFANGZHENYIJICHENGSHIDEZIRANTIAOJIANHEJIANSHETIAOJIAN,HELIQUEDINGCHENGSHIFAZHANMUBIAO、CHENGSHIXINGZHI、GUIMOHEBUJU,ZHONGDIANQIANGDIAOGUIHUAQUYUNEITUDILIYONGKONGJIANPEIZHIHECHENGSHICHANYEJIJICHUSHESHIDEGUIHUABUJU。CHENGSHIGUIHUADEHEXINSHICHENGSHIWUZHIKONGJIANDEGUIHUA,TAYAOWEICHENGSHIJINGJICHANYE、ZHENGCECUOSHIDENGFEIWUZHIGUIHUADUIXIANGTIGONGSHITIKONGJIAN,KONGJIANSHICHENGSHIGUIHUADEZHUJIAO。ER GIS CHULEJUYOUHAILIANGSHUJUDECHULIHEGUANLIGONGNENGWAI,HAIJUYOUQIANGDADEKONGJIANFENXIGONGNENG。CHENGSHIGUIHUABIANZHIDEHEXINZAIYUKEXUE、HELIDIGUIHUA、JUECECHENGSHIWUZHIKONGJIAN,ERZHEZAI“KONGJIAN”SHANGJUYOUXIANGHUJIEJIANHEXISHOUDEQIHEDIAN。

                              GIS DEKONGJIANFENXIGONGNENGZAICHENGSHIGUIHUABIANZHIZHONGDEYINGYONGZHUYAOTIXIANZAICHENGSHIKONGJIANKUOZHANHECHENGSHIJINGGUANGEJUFENXI、YANJIU,CHENGSHIJIANSHEYONGDISHIYIXINGPINGJIA,CHENGSHIGONGGONGSHESHIXUANZHIYANJIU,CHENGSHIJIAOTONGWANGLUOYANJIUDENGFANGMIAN。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIZHEIXIEYANJIUZHONG,ZUICHANGYONGDE GIS CHUANTONGKONGJIANFENXIMOKUAISHIKONGJIANXINXIDECHAXUNHELIANGSUAN、HUANCHONGQUFENXI、DIEJIAFENXI、WANGLUOFENXIDENG。JINNIANLAI,SUIZHE GIS JISHUDEFAZHAN,CHENGSHIGUIHUAZHONGDEGEZHONGGUIHUAMOXINGYU GIS XIANGJIEHE,NENGGOUWANCHENGFUZADEKONGJIANJUECEWENTI。ZHEIXIEMOXINGYOUXUANZHIMOXING、QUWEI-PEIZHIMOXING、YUANBAOZIDONGJIMOXING、CHENGSHIJIANSHEYONGDISHIYIXINGPINGJIADEDUOZHUNZEJUECEMOXINGDENG。CHUANTONGDEXUANZHIMOXINGSHIYICHENGSHISHUZIGAOCHENGMOXING(DEM)WEIYIJU,LIYONG GIS DEHUANCHONGQUHEDIEJIAFENXISHENGCHENGXUANZHIZHUANTIDITU,WEICHENGSHIGUIHUABIANZHIJUECEFUWU。QUWEI-PEIZHI(LA)MOXINGSHIYONGLAIQUEDINGCHENGSHIZHONGGELEIGONGGONGFUWUSHESHIHEJICHUSHESHIDEZUIJIAQUWEI,CONGERYOUHUAMOUZHONGSHESHIHEZIYUANZAIKONGJIANSHANGDEPEIZHI。JIANG LA MOXINGYU GIS XIANGJIEHE,SHIJIEJUEZHEILEIFUZAKONGJIANJUECEWENTIDEYOULIGONGJU。TONGGUO GIS SHUJUCHULIHEDIAOYONG、MOXINGYUNSUAN,WEI GIS ZHUANTIDITUXIANSHITIGONGZHIGUANHEJINGQUEDEYIJU,JIANGZIYUANPEIZHIDEZUIYOUQUWEICHENGXIANJICHENGSHIGUIHUAJUECEZHE,YITIGAOCHENGSHIGUIHUABIANZHIDEKEXUEXINGHEHELIXING,YOUXIAOBIMIANRENWEIZHUGUANJUECEDESUIYIXING。YUANBAOZIDONGJI(CA)MOXINGSHIKEYIYONGLAIMONICHENGSHIKONGJIANYANHUAGUOCHENGDEMOXING,TAJUYOUJIAOQIANGDEKONGJIANDONGTAIMONINENGLI。JINNIANLAI,CA YUGIS DEJIEHEYUELAIYUEJINMI,ERZHEJIEHEJIZENGQIANGLE GIS DEKONGJIANMOXINGDEYUNSUANHEFENXINENGLI,YESHIDE CA JISHUZAICHENGSHIGUIHUAZHONGDEYINGYONGGENGJIAGUANGFAN。MUQIAN,ZAICHENGSHIGUIHUABIANZHIZHONG,YINGYONG GIS JISHUZUIGUANGFANDEJIUSHICHENGSHIJIANSHEYONGDIDESHIYIXINGPINGJIAMOXING,ZHEISHICHENGSHIGUIHUABIANZHIDEJICHUXINGGONGZUO。JIANGDUOZHUNZEJUECE(MCD)MOXINGYU GIS DEJIBENGONGNENGXIANGJIEHE,KEYISHIJIYU GIS DEJIANSHEYONGDIPINGJIAJISHUGENGJIAWANSHAN。CHUANTONGDETUDISHIYIXINGPINGJIAJINJINSHIYONG GIS DEDIEHEGONGNENG,BINGMEIYOUFANYINGSHEHUI、JINGJI、HUANJINGDENGDUOYINSUDEYINGXIANG,MEIYOUKAOLVZHEIXIEYINSUZHIJIANDEXIANGDUIZHONGYAOCHENGDUHEQINGZHONGHUANJI。JIANG MCD JISHUYU GIS JIEHE,YI GIS ZUOWEIPINGJIADEJISHUPINGTAI,SHITUDIPINGJIABUJINZAIWUZHIXINGTAISHANGKEXING,HAINENGMANZUJINGJI、SHEHUIHEHUANJINGDENGDUOFANGMIANDEXUYAO。

                              3 GIS ZAICHENGSHIGUIHUAZHONGDEFAZHANQUSHI

                            星云棋牌官网下载   SUIZHESANWEI GIS JISHUDEFAZHANHEYINGYONG,KEYIJIANGCHENGSHIGUIHUADELILUNHEMOXINGGOUZHUYUSANWEI GIS PINGTAISHANG,BINGYUNYONGSANWEI GIS JISHUFANGZHENMONICHENGSHIGUIHUA。ZHEIYANG,BUJINKEYIYUCECHENGSHIGUIHUAZHUANGTAIDEBIANHUA,HAIKEYIKEGUANPINGJIAHEXUANZEGEZHONGBUTONGDEGUIHUAFANGAN,JINERGENGHAODIJIEJUECHENGSHIGUIHUAWENTI。SHIJIANZHENGMING,BA GIS DEKONGJIANFENXIGONGNENGYINGYONGDAOCHENGSHIGUIHUABIANZHIZHONG,KEYIWEIQUEDINGCHENGSHIFAZHANGUIMOHEKONGJIANBUJUTIGONGKEXUEDEYIJU,ZHEIBIRANHUITIGAOCHENGSHIGUIHUABIANZHIDEHELIXINGHEJINGQUEXING。

                              3.1 3S DEJIEHEHEFAZHAN

                              GIS、RS、GPS SANZHONGJISHUDEJIEHE,YONGLAITIGONGZHIJIEDESHUJUFUWU,KUAISUZHUIZONG、GUANCE、FENXIHEMONIBEIGUANCEDUIXIANGDEDONGTAIBIANHUA,BINGGAOJINGDUDIDINGLIANGMIAOSHUZHEIZHONGBIANHUA,SHIXIANDAFANWEI、KESHIHUA、DUANZHOUQIDEDONGTAIJIANCEXIAOGUO。TONGSHI,CONGCHENGSHIGUIHUADEKECHIXUFAZHANFANGMIANRUSHOU,RONGRU DPS(SHUZISHEYINGCELIANG)、ES(ZHUANJIAXITONG)HEDUOMEITIJISHU,YOUZHUYUSHIXIANCHENGSHISHEHUIJINGJIYUZIYUANHUANJINGDEXIEDIAOFAZHAN。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   3.2 GIS YU CAD DEJIEHE

                              ZAI 20 SHIJI 90 NIANDAI,CAD DECHUXIAN,JIANGRENMENCONGSHOUHUITUZHIYINRULEJISUANJIHUITU。JIANGLIYONG CAD HUIZHIDEGUIHUACHENGGUOTUZUOWEI GIS ZAICHENGSHIGUIHUAZHONGDESHUJUYUAN,RANHOULIYONG GIS DEKONGJIANFENXIHEERCIKAIFAGONGNENG,JIANLI GIS KONGJIANHESHUXINGSHUJUKU。ZHEIYANGZUO,HUICONGJISHUFANGFAHEGONGZUOSILUSHANGWEIKONGGUIBIANZHINAIZHIZHENGGECHENGXIANGGUIHUADAILAIZHONGDADEYINGXIANG。

                              3.3 Web GIS DEFAZHAN

                              Web GIS SHISHIXIAN GIS HUCAOZUOZUIYOUHUADETUJINGZHIYI,LIYONGInternet JISHUKEYISHI GIS GENGFANGBIAN、GENGLINGHUODIWEIYONGHUFUWU。TASHIXIANLESHUJUDEFENBUSHICUNCHU,JUYOUDONGTAIXING、HUCAOZUOXINGHEKUAPINGTAIDENGTEXING,JIBAOZHENGLECHENGSHIGUIHUASHUJUDEXIANSHIXING,TONGSHI,HAIJIDADIFENGFULECHENGSHIGUIHUANEIRONGDEBIAOXIANFANGSHI。3.4 SANWEI GIS DEFAZHANXUNIXIANSHIJISHUDEFAZHANYUYINGYONG,SHICHENGSHIGUIHUAJINCHENGDESANWEIDONGTAIJIANMOGENGJIAFANGBIAN,SHEJICHENGGUOGENGJIAXINGXIANGHELITI。SANWEI GIS NENGGOUJIANGNIJIANDEJIAN(GOU)ZHUWUHEQITASHESHIDEWEIZHI、GAODU、WAIGUAN、KONGJIANXINGTAIDENGYAOSUJIEHEQILAI,JIANLIXIANGYINGDESANWEIFANGZHENMOXING。LIYONGSANWEIFANGZHENFUZHUGUIHUAGUANLIXITONG,ZAIYIJINGJIANLIDEXIANZHUANGDIWUSANWEICHANGJINGZHONGZHANSHIHEFENXIXIANGGUANNEIRONG,WEICHENGSHIGUIHUAGUANLITIGONGKEXUEDEYIJUHEJUECEZHICHI。

                              4 JIESHUYU

                              ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,GIS HECHENGSHIGUIHUAZAIKONGJIANFENXISHANGJIBENXIANGTONG,YINCI,ZAICHENGSHIGUIHUAZHONG,SHIYONG GIS JISHUSHIKEXINGDE,YESHISHIFENZHONGYAODE,TANENGGOUWEICHENGSHIGUIHUAGUANLITIGONGGENGYOUXIAODECHENGSHIGUIHUAGUANLIXINXIXITONG,ZAIGUIHUABIANZHIZHONGTIGONGKONGJIANJUECEMOXING,SHIDECHENGSHIGUIHUAFANGANGENGJIAHELI、KEXING,WEICHENGSHIDEFAZHANZUOCHUYINGYOUDEGONGXIAN。

                              参考文献
                             
                              [1]韦亮英,李亚菲.GIS 技术在城市规划领域的应用及发展[J].房地产导刊,2014(11).
                              [2]赖华芸.关于城市规划中 GIS 技术应用的研究[J].科技与生活,2010(5).

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