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                              学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 土木建筑论文 > 城市规划论文

                              利用城市绿化规划防治雾霾现象

                              时间:2014-03-03 来源:未知 作者:学术堂 本文字数:3449字
                              论文摘要

                                1引言

                              星云棋牌官网下载   WUMAISHIWUHEMAIDETONGCHENG,WUYUMAIDEGOUCHENGYUANYINHETIAOJIANYOUHENDADECHAYI。WUSHIDALIANGFUYOUZAIKONGZHONGDEBINGJINGHUOZHEWEIXIAOSHUIDIZUCHENGDE,ERMAISHIYOUYUDALIANGJIXIWEIDEYANLI、CHENLI、YANLIDENGJUNYUNDIXUANYOUZAIKONGQIZHONG,SHIYOUXIAODESHUIPINGNENGJIANDUXIAOYU10kmDEKONGQIHUNZHUOXIANXIANG。QIZHONGERYANGHUALIU、DANYANGHUAWUHEKEXIRUKELIWU(RUPM2.5,PM10)ZHEISANXIANGSHIGOUCHENGWUMAIDEZHUYAOCHENGFEN,QIZHONGQIANLIANGZHEWEIQITAIWURANWU,ZUIHOUYIXIANGKELIWUSHIJIAZHONGWUMAITIANQIWURANDEZUIKUIHUOSHOU。CHENGSHIYOUDUKELIWUDELAIYUANZHONG,SHOUXIANSHILAIZIQICHEWEIQI,QICISHIGONGYESHENGCHANPAIFANGDEFEIQI、DONGJISHAOMEIGONGNUANSUOCHANSHENGDEDEFEIQI、JIANZHUGONGDIHEDAOLUJIAOTONGCHANSHENGDEYANGCHEN。MAIDEXINGCHENGDEZHUYAOYINSU,QUJUEYUKONGQIZHONGXUANFUDEKELIHANLIANGYIJIYIDINGDEQIXIANGTIAOJIAN。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   2014NIAN,WOGUODAFANWEIDEXINGCHENGWUMAITIANQI,QIZHONGYIXIEDIQUDEPM2.5ZHISHUJUGAOBUXIA,ZUIGAODADAO800~900μg/m3YISHANG,CHAOGUOLEMEIGUOBIAOZHUNNIANJUNXIANZHI10BEIYISHANG。ERJUXIANGGUANYANJIUBIAOMING,ZHEIXIEKEXIRUKELIWUNENGGOUTOUGUOBIXIANMAODENGRENTIHUXIXITONGDEFANGYUJIZHI,JINRUDAOHUXIDAODAODAFEIBU,YIYOUFAHUOJIAZHONGHUXIDAOJIBING。CIWAIZAIJINRURENTIHOU,YOUYUKEXIRUKELIWUSHANGHAIFUZHEDUIRENTIYOUDUYOUHAIDEZHONGJINSHUJIZHIAIWUDUOHUANFANGTINGWUZHI,CONGERYINQIXUEYEXITONGDEDUXING,YINCIDUIYUWUMAIWEIHAIBURONGHUSHI。

                                DIYUHEJIANGDIDAQIFENCHENWURAN,JIANQINGHEYOUXIAOFANGZHIWUMAIWEIHAIDEYOUXIAOTUJINGZHIYI,JIUSHIJIEZHUCHENGSHILVHUAZHONGSUOSHEJIDEZIRANJIEZHIWULAIXIFUJIANGJIEHEDIYUWUMAI,ZHEIBUJINSHIGAISHANCHENGSHIHUANJINGDEYIGEZHONGYAOSHOUDUAN,YESHITIGAOCHENGSHIJUMINSHENGHUOZHILIANGBIBUKESHAODETIAOJIAN。CHENGSHILVHUASHIGOUCHENGCHENGSHISHENGTAIXITONGZHONGJUYOUZIJINGGONGNENGDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,QIZHONGZHIWUZUOWEICHENGSHILVHUADEZHUTI,ZAIJINGHUAKONGQI、MEIHUAJINGGUANYIJIJIANGDIKELIWURANWUHANLIANGFANGMIANDEZUOYONGSHIFENTUCHU。LVSESHUMUDESHUGUANHEZHIYE,NENGJIELIU、ZUDANG、XIZHIKONGQIZHONGDEFENCHENHEHUICHEN、DAFUDUJIANSHAOFENCHENZHONGTAN、QIANWEILISUOXIEDAIDEYOUHAIXIJUNHEBINGJUN,DUIJINGHUAKONGQIYOUZHEZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。ZHIWUDEYEMIANZHOUWENYIJIQIFENMIDEYOUZHI,KEYIZHANZHEHUOXIFUKONGQIZHONGDEFENCHEN,JIANGDIZHIWUZHONGHUICHENDENGKELIWUDEHANLIANG。ERQIEDANGWURANWUDENONGDUMEIYOUCHAOGUOZHIWUSUOCHENGSHOUDELINJIEZHISHI,ZHIWUHAINENGGOUXISHOUDAQIZHONGDEMOUXIEYOUDUYOUHAIWUZHI,JIANQINGDAQIWURAN,GAISHANCHENGSHIDEKONGQIHUANJING。KEXUESHIJIANBIAOMING:YIZHUKUOYESHUQIYINIANZONGDEPINGJUNZHICHENLIANGKEYIDADAO3.16kg,CIWAIYIXIELVSEZHIWUDEYEZI,RUHUPILAN、LVLUO、FUGUIZHUDENGLVSEGUANYELEIZHIWU,YINQIYEPIANJIAODA,SHIDEQIXIFUNENGLIJIAOQIANG,TONGGUOLVHUAZHONGZHILVSEGUANYELEIZHIWU,KEYISHIKONGQIZHONGDEKEXIRUKELIWUBILVHUAQIANJIANGDI62%YISHANG,TEBIESHIDUIXIWEIKELIWUYOUJIAOQIANGDEXIFUNENGLI。

                                2通过城市绿化规划来防治雾霾

                                SUIZHEWOGUOCHENGZHENHUAJIANSHEDEJIAOBUJIAKUAI,CHENGSHIZHONGDEJIANSHEYONGDIRIYIKUIFA,ZAICHENGSHIZHONGXINDENGHEXINQUYU,TONGGUODAGUIMODELIYONGXINDEJIANSHEYONGDILAIJIANSHEDAXINGLVDIJIHUYIWUKENENG。YINCIZHINENGLINGXUNJIEJUEBANFA,YIFANGMIANTONGGUOLIYONGXIANYOUDEPINGMIANKONGJIANLAIKUODALVHUAMIANJI,LINGYIFANGMIANTONGGUODAGUIMOKAIFALIYONGLITIDEKONGJIANZIYUAN,ZHEIJIANGSHIFANGZHIWUMAIDEZHONGYAOSHOUDUAN。

                                2.1CHONGFENLIYONGXIANYOUDEPINGMIANKONGJIANLAIKUODALVHUAMIANJI

                                ZAIJINXINGXIAOQUCHUSHIDELVHUASHI,GUIDINGLEXIAOQULVHUAMIANJIDEBIAOZHUN,QIZHONGXIAOQULVHUAYINGGAIQUEBAOZAI35%YISHANGDELVHUALV,ERLVDIBENSHENDELVHUALVGENGYAODAYU70%,DANSHIWEILENENGYOUGENGDUOLVHUADEMIANJI,TIGAOFANGZHIWUMAIDEXIAOGUO,LVHUASHEJISHIMENHAIBIXUJINYIBURENZHENSIKAO,RUHELAIGENGGAOXIAODELIYONGXIANYOUDEPINGMIANKONGJIAN。ERSUIZHERENMINSHENGHUOSHUIPINGDEBUDUANTIGAO,QICHEYIZHUJIANCHENGWEIGEJIAGEHUKEXUANZEDEDAIBUGONGJUZHIYI,BINGQIEQICHEDEZHANYONGLIANGZAIZHUNIANDEZENGJIA。ZHEIYANGYIFANGMIANHUIZENGJIARICHANGJIAOTONGDEYONGDU,BINGDAILAIDALIANGDEZAOYIN,CIWAIGENGZHONGYAODESHICHELIANGDETINGFANGSHIDEXIAOQUZHONGYOUXIANDEBUKEZAISHENGDETUDIZIYUANBEIDALIANGZHANYONG。YINCIZAIJINXINGXIAOQUSHEJIDESHIHOU,KEYIKAOLVJIANSHEDIXIACHEKUHUOZHESHIDISHANGDELITITINGCHECHANG,ZUIDAXIANDUDEJIANGBUKEZAISHENGDETUDIZIYUANJIEYUEYONGYUZHIWUDELVHUA,GENGFUHEXIANDAIXIAOQUSHEJIDEYAOQIU。

                                ZAISHEJIANPAIZHUZHAIQULVDIZHONGDEJINGGUANDAOLU、JIANSHENSHESHI、DIAOSUDENGHUWAIKONGJIANSHI,BIXUJIANGJINGGUANXIAOPINDECHIDU、SHUMUDECHIDU、JIANZHUDECHIDUJINXINGZONGHEDEKAOLVYIJIHELIDELIANGHUA。MEIGERENDOUXUYAOYIDINGDEHUWAIKONGJIAN,YINCIZAIJINLIANGJIADALVHUAMIANJIDETONGSHI,SUOYOUJUMINCANYUYUANLINLVHUADEYINSUDOUYINGGAIGENGSHENRUDEJIAYIKAOLV。CIWAIZAIXIAOQUJIANSHEZHICHU,YINGGAICHONGFENKAOCHA、DIAOYANQIXIANYOUDEZIRANZHUANGKUANG,ZAIJIANSHESHIYINGDUIQIDANGDIDEGUSHUMINGMU、ZIRANYIJIDENGJINXINGSHIDANGDEBAOHUJILIYONG。YINWEIGUSHUMINGMU、ZIRANYIJISHILISHIHEWENHUADEXIANGZHENGHEJIDIAN,YOUYISHIDIBAOHUZHEIXIEZIYUAN,KEYIGENGHAODITIXIANYIGEXIAOQUDEWENHUAQIXI,ZHANXIANGAIJUMINXIAOQUDEWENHUATESEYIJILISHIDIYUN,ZHEIYANGSHIDEJUMINQIANYISHIYOUZHEYIZHONGZHURENWENGDESIXIANG,GENGYOULIYUTIGAOJUMINDUIYULVHUAZHIWUDEBAOHUYISHI,JIANSHAOYOUYURENWEILVDIDEPOHUAI,ERDAOZHIDEDUIYUWUMAIDEFANGZHIZUOYONGDEJIANRUO。

                                2.2DAGUIMOKAIFALIYONGLITIKONGJIANZIYUANLAIKUODALVHUAMIANJI

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                                QIZHONGWUDINGLVHUASHIYIZHONGYOUXIAODELITIKONGJIANLVHUAXINGSHI,TASHIYIJIANZHUWUDINGBUDEPINGTAIZUOWEIYITUO,JINXINGFUTU、XUSHUICONGERYINGZAOCHUYUANLINJINGGUANDEYIZHONGKONGJIANLVHUADEMEIHUAXINGSHI。ZHEIZHONGJISHUZUIZAOFAMINGYUDEGUO,JINGGUOZHANGQIDESHIJIANHEYANZHENG,QISUOYONGYOUDESHENGTAIHUANJINGXIAOYIBEIDAJIASUOGONGREN,SHIQIZAISHIJIEFANWEINEIDEDAOLEGUANGFANDEQINGLAIHETUIGUANG。YISHISHIJIANGCHENGANGFACESUANKEZHI,HUAYUANSHIWUDINGLVHUADEPINGJUNZHICHENLIANGDADAOLE12.3g/m2,QIPINGJUNZHICHENBILVGAODA31.13%;ERJIANYISHIWUDINGLVHUAPINGJUNZHICHENLIANGYEKEYIDADAO8.5g/m2,QIPINGJUNZHICHENBILVYEYOU21.53%。ZHEIYEJIUYIWEIZHE,RUGUOJIANGBEIJINGSANHUANNEIJIANZHUWUDEWUDINGQUANBUSHIXIANLVHUA,ZEKEYIDADAOQIANDUNYISHANGDEZHICHENLIANG。CIWAILIANHEGUOHUANJINGSHUDEYIXIANGYANJIUBIAOMING,YOULVHUADEWUDING,ZAIXIATIANDESHIHOUQISHINEIWENDUKEJIANGDI2~5℃,ZAIDONGTIANDESHIHOUKEYITIGAO2~5℃,CIWAIKEYIXISHOUKONGQIZHONG30%DEFENCHEN,ERQIEHAIKEYIXISHOUBINGCHUCUN6%DEYUSHUI。JINYIBUYANJIUBIAOMING,RUGUOYIGECHENGSHIDEWUDINGLVHUALVDADAO70%YISHANG,CHENGSHISHANGKONGDEERYANGHUALIUHANLIANGJIANGZHIXIANXIAJIANG80%YISHANG,REDAOXIAOYINGJIANGHUICHEDIXIAOSHI。MUQIANRIBEN、XINJIAPO、DEGUODENGFADAGUOJIADEXINJIANZHUWUYIJIBENSHIXIANLE100%DEWUDINGLVHUA。ERBEIJINGSHISUIRANZHEIJINIANYECHUTAILEXIANGGUANZHENGCEFAGUI,DANWUDINGLVHUABILIHAIBUJI1%。ERWOMENDEJINLINHANGUOSHOUER,QISHIXINGDEQIANGTILVHUA100%DOUSHIYOUZHENGFUCHUZI,CIWAIMEIGUOSHIXINGDEKETONGGUODUIWUDINGJINXINGLVHUA,LAIDIXIAOBUFENBAOYUGUANLIDEZHENGSHOUFEIYONG,ZHEIDOUSHIQIESHIJIASUTUIJINWUDINGLVHUAJINCHENGDEFANGFA,ZHIDEWOMENJINXINGJIEJIANHEXUEXI。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   ZAICHENGSHIZHONGXINLVDIMIANJINANYIDAFUDUZENGZHANGDEQINGKUANGXIA,CHUIZHILVHUAWUYISHICHENGSHILVHUAFAZHANDELINGYIGEZHONGYAOFANGXIANG。TASHIYIJIANZHUWUDELIMIANWEIJIBENDANYUAN,ZAISHANGMIANQIANRUHUOXINGGAODEZIRANZHIWU,CHONGFENLIYONGZIRANZHIWUBIAOPIDETEDIAN,CONGERJUYOUDIAOKONGJIANZHUWUDEWENDU、GUANGCHUANDAO、KONGQIZHILIANGYIJIJIXIANGBIANHUADENGYOUDIAN。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   XIANGGUANYANJIUFAXIAN,ZAIJIANZHUWULIMIANSHANGZHONGZHIPASHANHU,QIDANWEIMIANJISHANGDEZHICHENLIANGDADAOLE111.65g/(m2·NIAN),ZHONGZHIZITENGZEWEI70.53g/(m2·NIAN),ERMUXIANGGENGKEYIDADAO124.19g/(m2·NIAN)。ZAIJIGEDACHENGSHITUIGUANGCHUIZHILVHUADEGUOCHENGZHONGFAXIAN,ZAIBUFENZHUZHAIXIAOQUDEGAODANGQIANGSHANGZUOLEPANYUANXINGDENGZHIWULVHUAHOU,XIAOQUJUMINDEMANYIDUCHENGDUPUBIANCHAOCHULEYUQISHEXIANG。YINWEIZHEIXIEZHIWULVHUAHOUCHULEZHILIUFENCHEN、XISHOUYOUHAIQITI,FANGZHIWUMAIWAI,ZHEIXIECHUIZHILVHUADANGQIANGHAIJIDADIXUERUOLEGONGLUDAILAIDEZAOSHENGWURAN,CHUIZHILVHUADESHENGTAIXIAOYISHOUDAOLEGUANGDAJUMINDEYIZHIRENKE。

                                3结语

                                JIEJUEWUMAIWENTIKEBURONGHUAN,ERJIEJUEWUMAIWENTIJIUSHIYAOJIANSHE、WANSHANWOMENDESHENGTAIXITONG,TONGGUODUICHENGSHIKONGJIANLVHUAZONGHEDEFAZHANGUIHUA,JIANCHI“RENXINGHUA”SHEJI、SHULIKECHIXUFAZHANDEZHIDAOSIXIANG,ZAICHIJIUYOUXIAODIZHILIUFENCHEN、DIYUCHENGSHICHUXIANDEWUMAIXIANXIANGDETONGSHI,GENGNENGFENGFUCHENGSHIKONGJIANJINGGUAN、GAISHANCHENGSHISHENGTAI、JIANGDIJIANZHUNENGHAO。

                                CANKAOWENXIAN:

                                [1]李敏。现代城市绿地系统规划[M].北京:中国建筑工业出版社,2002.
                                [2]陈辉,任珺,杜忠。屋顶绿化的功能及国内外发展状况[J].环境科学与管理,2007(2):162~165.
                                [3]赵世伟,张佐双。园林植物景观设计与营造[M].北京:中国城市出版社,2001.
                                [4]周涛,汝小龙。北京市雾霾天气成因及治理措施研究[J].华北电力大学学报:社会科学版,2013(2):12~16.
                                [5]王婷婷,刘柯三。居住区景观设计研究[J].科技信息,2009(13):352~347.

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