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                              学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 土木建筑论文 > 城市规划论文

                              山地型生态公园的规划原则与要点

                              时间:2014-07-24 来源:未知 作者:小韩 本文字数:2875字

                              星云棋牌官网下载   SUIZHESHEHUIJINGJIDEGAOSUFAZHAN,CHENGSHIDEBUDUANGENGXINFAZHANDAIJIJUMINYUELAIYUEGAODESHENGHUOSHUIPING,SHENGHUOSHUIPINGDETIGAOSHIDEJUMINDUIXIUXIANYOUQICHANGSUOHESHENGTAIHUANJINGDEXUQIUYUELAIYUEGAO,LINGYIFANGMIAN,WEITIGAOSHENGHUOSHUIPINGERJINXINGDECHENGSHIJIANSHEHUODONGQUEDUICHENGSHIDESHENGTAIHUANJINGZAOCHENGGENGDUODEPOHUAI,CHENGSHIJIANSHEYUSHENGTAIHUANJINGZHIJIANDEMAODUNRIYITUXIAN。20 SHIJI 70 NIANDAI,LIANHEGUOJIAOKEWENZUZHIKAISHISHISHIRENYUSHENGWUQUANJIHUA,CHENGSHIZIRANBAOHUYUSHENGTAIZHONGJIANHUODONGZAISHIJIEGEGUOKAISHIGUANGFANKAIZHAN,ZAIZHEIZHONGBEIJINGXIA,CHENGSHISHENGTAIGONGYUANZHUJIANFAZHANQILAI。

                                YINCHENGSHIJIANSHEYONGDIDEJUXIANXING,YULAIYUDUODECHENGSHIZAIJINXINGCHENGSHIZONGTIGUIHUASHIJIANGKEYONGDEJIANSHEYONGDIJINKENENGDEHUAZUOCHENGSHIJIANSHE,ERDUIYUJUMINRICHANGSUOXUYAODEXIUXIANYOUQICHANGSUO,JIGONGYUANYONGDIZEJINXINGLEBIANYUANHUACHULI,JIANGCHENGSHIJINJIAODEYIXIEZIRANSHANTIGUIHUAWEILVDI。YINZHEIXIESHANTIBENDISHENGTAIJIAOHAO,YINCIDUOSHIYICHENGSHISHENGTAIGONGYUANJINXINGJIANSHE。

                                1 NEIHAN

                                CANZHAO《CHENGSHILVDIFENLEIBIAOZHUN》( GJJ/T85 - 2002) ZHONGCHENGSHILVDIDEFENLEI,BINGMEIYOUCHENGSHISHENGTAIGONGYUANZHEIYANGYIGEDULIDELVDILEIBIE,CHENGSHISHENGTAIGONGYUANBINGBUSHIYILEIXINDEGONGYUANLEIXING,ERSHIWEIJUNHENGCHENGSHIHUAFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGDEWENTI,ZONGHEYUNYONGXIANGGUANXUEKEDEZHISHI,ZAIBUDUANTANSUOHEJIEJUEWENTIZHONGZHUJIANFAZHANQILAIDE。

                                1. 1 CHENGSHISHENGTAIGONGYUANDEDINGYI

                              星云棋牌官网下载   CHENGSHISHENGTAIGONGYUANSHIZHIYISHENGTAIXUEHESHENGTAIWENHUAWEIZHIDAOSIXIANG,WEIYUCHENGSHICHENGQUHUOJINJIAO,TONGGUOBAOLIU、MOFANGHUOXIUFUDIYUXINGZIRANSHENGTAILAIJIANGOUZHUYAOHUANJING,ZAIJINLIANGBAOLIULIYONGZIRANTUOZHIZHIBEIDEJICHUSHANG,YINGJIANJUYOUDIYUXING、DUOYANGXINGHEZIWOYANTINENGLIDEJUBUSHENGTAIXITONGJINERGAISHANCHENGSHISHENGTAIXITONGWEIZHUYAOMUBIAO,JIEHELECHUANTONGCHENGSHIGONGYUANHEZHUTIGONGYUAN( RENZAOJINGGUAN) GEZIDETESEERJIANLIDEYIZHONGXINXINGDECHENGSHIGONGYUAN,YISHENGTAIWENHUAHUOJISHUWEIZHUTI,TIGONGYUZIRANSHENGTAIGUOCHENGXIANGHEXIEDEYOULAN、XIUQI、SHIJIANDENGHUODONGDEGONGGONGYUANLIN[1].“SHENGTAIXING”SHICHENGSHISHENGTAIGONGYUANYUYIBANCHENGSHIGONGYUANDEZUIGENBENQUBIE,CHENGSHISHENGTAIGONGYUANGENGZHUZHONGSHENGTAIJISHUDESHIYONGJICHENGSHIHUOQUYUSHENGTAIXITONGDEHUIFU,SHIZAICHENGSHIGONGYUANDEGAINIANJICHUZHISHANGYANSHENGCHULAIDE。

                                1. 2 SHANDIXINGSHENGTAIGONGYUANDENEIHAN

                              星云棋牌官网下载   SHANDIXINGCHENGSHISHENGTAIGONGYUANKELIJIEWEISHIWEIYUCHENGSHIJINJIAO,YITUOZIRANSHANTIERJIANSHE,YIYOUHUAQUYUSHENGTAIXITONGWEIZHUYAOMUBIAO,TONGGUOSHENGTAIYOUXIANDEGUIHUATUJING、YISHENGTAISHEJIDESHOUFAJINXINGYINGJIANDESHANDIXINGGONGYUAN,QIYONGDIXINGZHIGENJUSHANGCENGCIGUIHUAJIGONGYUANZISHENDEGUIMO、FUWUBANJINGDENGJUEDING。

                                2 SHANDIXINGSHENGTAIGONGYUANDETEZHENG

                              星云棋牌官网下载   2. 1 YITUOZIRANSHANTIJIANSHE

                              星云棋牌官网下载   SHANDIXINGSHENGTAIGONGYUANZUIXIANZHEDETEZHENGJISHIYITUOZIRANSHANTIJINXINGSHENGTAIGONGYUANDEJIANSHE。ZIRANSHANTIYINQITESHUXING,CONGGONGYUANDINGWEI、JINGDIANJIANSHE、JUMINYOUYUANSHIJIAN、JUMINLEIXINGDENGFANGMIAN,DOUJIAOYIBANDESHENGTAIGONGYUANYOUSUOBUTONG。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   2. 2 SHENGTAIHUANJINGJIAOHAO

                                SHANDIXINGSHENGTAIGONGYUANYINYITUOZIRANSHANTI,YINSHANGWEIGUIHUAJIANSHE,QIBENDISHENGTAIHUANJINGYIBANJIAOHAO,SENLINZHIBEIZIYUANFENGFU,QIDAODIAOJIECHENGSHISHENGTAIHUANJINGDEGONGNENG。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   2. 3 YUCHENGSHILIANXIJINMI

                                SHANDIXINGSHENGTAIGONGYUANYINSHICHENGSHIKUAISUFAZHANDECHANWU,JUEDINGLEGONGYUANZAIKONGJIANSHANGYUCHENGSHILIANXIJIAOJINMI,YIBANJINLINCHENGSHIJUZHUZUTUAN,YIBIANYUWEIJUMINTIGONGXIUXIANYOUQIDECHANGSUO。

                                3 SHANDIXINGSHENGTAIGONGYUANDEGUIHUAYUANZE

                              星云棋牌官网下载   3. 1 SHENGTAIBAOHUYUANZE

                                ZUNZHONGSHANDINEIDIXING、SHUIXI、ZHIBEIDENGZIRANZIYUAN,BAOHUJIANQUANSHENGTAIHUANJING、HELILIYONGJINGYUAN,TUCHUSHANLINYEQU。BIMIANDAGUIMO、GAOQIANGDUKAIFA,BAOCHIHEXIUFUSHANTIJIZHOUBIANDEYUANSHENGTAIGONGNENG,XIEDIAOHAOBAOHUYUFAZHANDEGUANXI,BAOCHIHEGAISHANZHONGYAOSHENGTAILANGDAOJIYANXIANDESHENGTAIGONGNENGYUJINGGUAN。GONGYUANJINGQUHUAFENHEJINGDIANJIANSHEYINGSHUNYINGZIRAN,JIAYILIYONG。

                                3. 2 ZIRANYEQUYUANZE

                                GENJUSHENGTAIGONGYUANDEQUWEIHENEIRONGBUTONG,SHANDIXINGSHENGTAIGONGYUANJIYAOMANZUYIBANGONGYUANSHEJIDESHEJIYUANZE,TONGSHIHAIYAOTUCHUSHANDIDESHENGTAITEXING,TIXIANSHANLINYEQU。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   SHANDIXINGSHENGTAIGONGYUANZUIDADETEDIANZHIYIJIUSHITAYONGYOUZIRANDIMAO,ZAIJINXINGGUIHUASHEJISHI,BAOCHIJIZHIDESHANLINYEQUSHIFEICHANGZHONGYAODE,JINLIANGJIANSHAODUIJIZHIDEDAGUIMOBIANHUALAIJINXINGZIRANXITONGSHENGJINGDEBAOHUHEXIUFU,GUIHUASHIHEDEYOUQIHUODONGYICUJINRENYUZIRANDEHUDONG。

                                3. 3 RENXINGHUAYUANZE

                                GONGYUANNEIDEYOUQISHESHI、FUWUSHESHI、GONGYONGSHESHI、GUANLISHESHIHEYOULUKAIPIDENGNEIRONG、SHULIANG、KONGJIANFENBU,JUNYINGKAOLVFANGBIANYOURENLIYONG,MANZUBUTONGNIANLING、BUTONGXINGQUAIHAOZHEDEBUTONGXUQIU。ZAIJIAOTONGSHANGYIBAOZHENGGONGGONGJIAOTONGDEYIDAXING,GUANZHULAOREN、ERTONGHEWAIDIYOUKE,TIGAOGONGYUANDEKESHIBIENENGLI。HAIXUYIJUBUTONGWENHUACENGCI、ZHIYELEIXING、NIANLINGJIEGOUHEXIAOFEICENGCIRENQUNDEXUQIU,DAZAOGONGNENGGEYI、TESEMINGXIANDEJINGDIAN,CHONGFENTIXIANYIRENWEIBENDESIXIANG。

                                3. 4 BENTUXINGYUANZE

                              星云棋牌官网下载   CHONGFENWAJUEHETUCHUDIFANGRENWENTESE,ZUNZHONGDIFANGFENGSUXIGUANHEMINZUJINGGUANTESE,LIZUYUDIFANGLISHIWENHUAYIJIDEYOUXIAOBAOHU,BINGJIEHEGONGYUANBUTONGDEGONGNENGFENQUHETESEJINGDIAN,ZHUYIXIANGTUSHUZHONGDEXUANZEHEYUNYONG,YOUXIANXUANYONGJUYOUBENDITESEDEYOULIANGKUOYESHUZHONGHEPUZHUANGCAILIAO,RANGGONGYUANZHANXIANDIFANGTESE。

                                4 SHANDIXINGSHENGTAIGONGYUANGUIHUAYAODIAN

                                4. 1 GONGYUANDINGWEI

                                CHENGSHIJINJIAODEZIRANSHANTIYIBANTILIANGJIAODA,YITUOZHEILEIZIRANSHANTIJIANSHEDESHANDIXINGSHENGTAIGONGYUANYIBANYESHUZHONG、DAXINGGONGYUAN,QIHUODONGNEIRONGJIAOZONGHE,YINCISHANDIXINGSHENGTAIGONGYUANDEDINGWEIYAOKAOLVBUTONGSHIYONGRENQUNDEXUQIU,YISHENGTAIYOUXIANYUANZE,JIANGUCHENGSHIXIUXIANHEGUANJINGLVYOUGONGNENG。

                                4. 2 GUIHUALINIAN

                              星云棋牌官网下载   SHANDIXINGSHENGTAIGONGYUANJIAOZHIYIBANSHENGTAIGONGYUAN,ZUIDADEBUTONGJISHIGONGYUANBENSHENJIUSHIYIZUOZIRANSHANTI,SHENGTAIMINGANDUJIAOGAO,YINCI,JINXINGGONGYUANGUIHUASHI,YINGJIANCHISHENGTAIYOUXIANDEGUIHUALINIAN,DUIYUSHANTIZIYUANBINGFUZUIJIADEQUYUYANGEKONGZHIJINGQUJINGDIANDEJIANSHE,BAOLIUSHENGTAIXITONGDEWANZHENGXING,NENGGOUGENGHAODEFAHUIGONGYUANDESHENGTAIXIAOYING。

                                4. 3 GONGYUANYOUQICHANGSUODEGOUJIAN

                              星云棋牌官网下载   SHANDIXINGSHENGTAIGONGYUANSHIJIYUMANZUJUMINDERICHANGDUIXIUXIANYOUQICHANGSUODEXUQIUERJIANSHEDE,DANSHIYINYITUOZIRANSHANTI,GONGYUANYOUQICHANGSUOJIBENJUNSHEZHIZAISHANSHANG,JUMINYOUYUANXUYAOJIAOZHANGSHIJIAN,JIBIANGONGYUANYUCHENGSHIKONGJIANSHANGLIANXIJINMI,DANRENGJIJUMINRICHANGYOUYUANDAILAIYIDINGDEBUBIAN。KAOLVJUMINSHIYONGDEBIANJIEXING,SHANDIXINGSHENGTAIGONGYUANYINGJIAQIANGRUKOUQUDEJIANSHE,JIANGRUKOUHUODONGGUANGCHANGJIANSHEWEIJUMINCHAYUFANHOUKESUIYIKAIZHANXIUXIANYOUQIHUODONGDE“FANHOUGONGYUAN”.KAOLVDAORUKOUGUANGCHANGJIBENWEIDIANZHUANGDEHUODONGCHANGSUO,HUODONGXINGWEIJIAODANYI,YINCIKEKAOLVYANSHANJIAOJIANSHETIAOZHUANGDEHUODONGTONGLANG,FENGFUHUODONGCHANGSUO,MANZUGENGDUOSHIYONGRENQUNDEXUQIU。

                                4. 4 GONGYUANYOUXIANDEGUIHUA

                                因生态公园依托山体建设的特殊性,公园的游线规划应考虑通车的需求,但车行道的建设对山体破坏较大,因此,可考虑大众休闲活动较多的场所开通公共交通,如电频车,满足老弱人士游园的需求。此外,因山体的地形一般较复杂,公园除通车段游线外,应规划三级游园线路。一级园路与车行道共同构成公园主要的环形游线,串联主要活动景区。二级园路为一级园路的补充,主要为加强功能区内景区之间的联系,串联各景区呈网状布置。三级园路为二级园路的补充,一般沿等高线或山谷坡度变化较缓地段设置,形式较灵活。另外,如公园兼具旅游观景功能,可考虑规划建设小型的登山观光缆车道或游览索道,以吸引更多的人流。
                                
                              星云棋牌官网下载   4. 5 生态技术的使用

                                JINLIANGCAIYONGSHENGTAIXUNHUANJISHU,JIANSHAOJIANSHECHENGBEN。DUIYUSHANTIDESENLINZHIBEI,BAOYULINIANYIZHIBEIDEZIRANGENGXINYANTIWEIZHU,JINLIANGJIANSHAOGUODUODERENGONGGANYU。JINXINGZHIBEIBAOYUSHI,BAOYUSHUZHONGXUANZEFANGMIANYINGJIANCHIYINDIZHIYI,SHIDISHISHU。ZHUZHONGSHENGTAILINIANDEGUANCHUAN,JIANSHAODUISHUI、SENLINZIYUANDEBUKEZAISHENGLIYONG,JIANSHAOYOUHAICAILIAODEYUNYONG。JINLIANGSHIYONGGONGYUANXIANZHUANGNEIKELIYONGDEYUANSU,RUYICHENGXINGDEDAOLU、PINGZHENGDECHANGDI。XUANZEKEZAILIYONGDESHENGTAIXINGCAILIAO,KAOLVGONGYUANDEJIANSHEKECHIXUXING。

                                5 JIEYU

                                CHENGSHISHENGTAIGONGYUANZUOWEIXIANDAICHENGSHIFAZHANDEYIZHONGZHONGYAOJIEDIAN,SHIDIAOJIEQUYUXINGQIHOUTIAOJIANDEYOULISHOUDUAN; SHIYINGZAOXINXINGCHENGSHIKAIFANGKONGJIANDEXUYAO; SHIBAOHUWUZHONGDEYOUXIAOTUJING[2].HELIDEGUIHUASHENGTAIGONGYUAN,JIANGWEIJUMINDAILAIGENGDUODEXIUXIANHUODONGCHANGSUO,DIAOJIECHENGSHIDESHENGTAIHUANJING,HUANJIERENLEIHUODONGYUZIRANSHENGTAIZHIJIANDEMAODUN。

                                参考文献
                                
                                [1]邓毅。 城市生态公园的发展及其概念之探讨[J]. 中国园林,2003( 12) .
                              星云棋牌官网下载   [2]陈宇夫。 现代生态型城市公园的发展趋势[J]. 城市建筑,2014( 02) .

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