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                            改革开放以来城乡规划管理体制变迁及其机制

                            时间:2014-09-06 来源:未知 作者:学术堂 本文字数:8353字
                            摘要

                              0 引言

                              JINSHIDUONIAN,CHENGXIANGGUIHUAGUANLITIZHIGAIGEYIZHISHIGUONEICHENGXIANGGUIHUAYANJIUZHONGDIANLINGYU,XIANGGUANYANJIUZHUTISHEJI: YIZONGXIANGZHENGFUGUIHUAQUANLIPEIZHIWEIHEXINDEGUIHUAJIQUANHEFENQUANLUNZHENG[1,2]; YIHENGXIANGZHENGFUBUMENGUIHUAQUANLIFENPEIWEIHEXINDEGUIHUASHIQUANHEZERENANPAI[3,4]; YIGUIHUAJUECEKEXUEHUA、MINZHUHUAWEIZHEYANDIANDEGUIHUAWEIYUANHUI[5 ~7]、GUIHUAGONGZHONGCANYU[8 ~11]、GUIHUAJUECETINGZHENG[12,13]DENGZHIDUJIANSHE; YIKUAQUYUXIEDIAOWEIHEXINDEGUIHUAXIETONGJIZHI[14 ~16].DANZHUANMENZHENDUICHENGXIANGGUIHUAGUANLITIZHIBIANQIANDEYANJIUBUDUO,RU,TIANLI( 2001) DUIJIANGUOHOUWOGUOCHENGXIANGGUIHUAGUANLITIZHIBIANQIANDEHUAFEN; LIUJIAN( 2004) 、ZHUOJIAN( 2004) DENGJIYUZHONGYANGYUDIFANGGUANXIBIANQIAN,DUIFAGUOGUIHUAGUANLITIZHIYANHUAHEDIFANGFENQUANLISHIXINGFENXI; TANZONGBO( 2008) DUI“ERZHAN”HOURIBENCHENGSHIGUIHUAYOUZHONGYANGJIQUANDAODIFANGFENQUANDEFENXI。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   SHENRULIJIEWENTISHIJIEJUEWENTIDEQIANTI。GAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,YINGXIANGWOGUOCHENGXIANGGUIHUAGUANLITIZHIBIANQIANDEZHUYAOYINSUSHISHENME? GUIHUAGUANLITIZHIBIANQIANDEJIZHISHISHENME? CHENGXIANGGUIHUAGUANLITIZHIBIANQIANBENZHISHIZHIDUBIANQIAN。“WEIYOUZAITEDINGDELISHIBEIJINGXIACAIYOUKENENGLINGRENMANYIDITANTAOZHIDUBIANQIANDEJIZHIWENTI。”[17]

                              CONGNUOSI( Douglass C North) DEZHIDUBIANQIANDELISHIFENXI,DAOGELEIFU( Avner Greif) DE“LISHIBIJIAO ZHI DU FEN XI ” ( Historical and ComparativeInstitutional Analysis,HCIA )[18] ,ZAI DAO QING MU CHANG YAN( Masahi ko Aoki) DEBIJIAOZHIDUFENXI ( ComparativeInstitutional Analysis,CIA) ,LISHIBIJIAOFENXIYICHENGWEIYANJIUZHIDUBIANQIANDEZHONGYAOFANGFA。WEICI,YIZHIDUBIANQIANDEYANHUABOYILILUNWEIFENXIGONGJU,BENWENCHANGSHIZHEJIANLIYIGECHENGXIANGGUIHUAGUANLITIZHIDEBIANQIANFENXIKUANGJIA,JIANGCHENGXIANGGUIHUAGUANLIQIANRUDAOZHENGTIZHILIBIANQIANZHIZHONG,DUIGAIGEKAIFANGYILAICHENGXIANGGUIHUAGUANLITIZHIBIANQIANJIQIJIZHIJINXINGLISHIXINGJIEXI。

                              1 演化博弈制度观和分析框架

                              1. 1 YANHUABOYIDEZHIDUGUAN

                            星云棋牌官网下载   YANHUABOYIDEZHIDUGUANRENWEIZHIDUSHIBOYIJUNHENGDEJIEGUO,SHISHEHUIJIANGOUDECHANWU( Aoki,2000) .ZI 1981 NIANXIAOTE( Andrew Schott) ZAI《SHEHUIZHIDUDEJINGJILILUN》YISHUZHONGSHOUCIYUNYONGBOYIJUNHENGCHANSHIZHIDUNEISHENGXINGJIQIQIYUANHOU,SAGEDENG( Robert Sugden) 、YANG( H Peyton Young) 、AXIMOGELU( Daron Acemgolu) 、GELIFU、QINGMUCHANGYANDENGYIPIGUOJIYILIUJINGJIXUEDASHIYUNYONGYANHUABOYILUNDUIZHIDUBIANQIANJIYULEJINYIBUJIESHI。SAGEDENG、YANGDENGRENTONGGUOYANHUABOYIDEWENDINGCELVEGAINIANZHONGYANLEZHIDUQIYUAN,TICHULEGUANLI( convention) HECANYURENTEZHENGDEGONGTONGYANHUA,JICHULEYOUGUANLIDAOCHENGWENFADEZHIDUYANJINLUJING( Sugden,1986,1989;Young,1998) .AXIMOGELUZEJIANGZHIDUKANCHENGSHIZHENGZHISHICHANGDEBOYIJUNHENG,QIANGDIAOZHENGZHIQUANLIDUIZAIZHIDUBIANQIANDEZHONGYAOXING,RENWEI,ZHIYOUDANGZHENGZHIQUANLIFENPEIGEJUYOUZHONGDABIANHUASHI,ZHIDUBIANQIANCAIHUIFASHENG[19].YANGXIAOKAI[20]DENGRENYERENWEIZHENGZHIZHIDUHEZHENGZHIQUANLIDEBIANQIANJUEDINGLESHEHUIJINGJIZHIDUDEBIANQIAN。GELIFUQIANGDIAOWENHUAZAIZHIDUBIANQIANZHONGDEZUOYONG,ZHIDUGAIGEJIYAOCHONGFENZUNZHONGJIYOUZHIDUBEIHOUDEWENHUA,YOUYAOTONGGUOGAIZAOSIXIANG、GAIBIANWENHUAGUANNIANLAISHIXIANXINZHIDUDEGOUJIAN( Greifand Laitin,2004; Greif,2006) .QINGMUCHANGYANZONGHELEZHENGZHI、JINGJI、SHEHUI、WENHUADENGDUOZHONGYINSU,JIANGOULEYIGEZONGHEXINGDEBOYIJUNHENGZHIDUFENXIKUANGJIA。TAYUNYONG“BOYIYU”( domain )①、“QIAN RU”( embeddedness) 、“KUN BANG ”( bundling) DENGGAINIAN,ZAIFENXIZHIDUGONGSHIGUANLIANHELISHIGUANLIANDEJICHUSHANG,DUIZHIDUWENDINGXING、DUOYANGXINGJIQIBIANQIANJINXINGXITONGXINGCHANSHI。ZHIDUJIANXIANGHUGUANLIANYIWEIZHEZHIDUBIANQIANJUYOUNAIJIUXINGHELUJINGYILAIXING,RENHEDANGEZHIDUZAIGULIQINGKUANGXIADOUBUHUIQINGYIBEIGAIBIANHUOSHEJI。ZHIRUDEZHIDUNANYICHANSHENGLIXIANGXIAOGUODEZHUYAOYUANYINZAIYUQIYUXIANCUNZHIDUHUANJINGZHIJIANCUNZAI“FEIOUHE”( QINGMUCHANGYAN,2001) .GEZHONGBOYIYUJIANGUANLIANJIEGOUDEDUOYANGXINGJUEDINGLEBOYIDUOZHONGJUNHENGDECUNZAI; JISHU、ZIYUAN、ZHENGCEDENGBIANHUAHUIDAPOYUANYOUDEBOYIJUNHENG,TONGGUOZAIGEZHONGBOYIYUJIANHUDONG,CANYURENXINGDONGCELVEHE“GONGYOUXINNIAN”( Shared Beliefs) GONGTONGBIANHUATUIDONGLEZHIDUBIANQIAN。

                              1. 2 CHENGXIANGGUIHUAGUANLITIZHIYANJINDEFENXIKUANGJIA

                              YIYANHUABOYIZUOWEICHENGXIANGGUIHUAGUANLITIZHIBIANQIANFENXIGONGJU,ZHUYAOSHICHUYUYIXIASIDIANKAOLV:

                              ( 1) MUQIANYANHUABOYIYICHENGWEI“ZUIFUYOULILUNHUOLIQIEZUIJUGUANGKUOYANJIUQIANJING”DEZHIDUFENXIGONGJU[21],BINGRIYICHENGWEIGUONEIWAIZHIDULILUNYANJIUDEZHULIUFANSHI[22].ZAIGUONEI,YANHUABOYIYIBEIYINGYONGYUCUNZHUANGXUANJUZHIDU( ZHOUXUEGUANG,AIYUN,2010) 、JINGJIZHIDU( JINTAO,2003) 、TUDIZHIDU( HANDEJUN,ZHUDAOLIN,2013) 、CHENGXIANGGUANXI( XUEYAOZU,ZHANGPING,2013) DENGZHIDUBIANQIANFENXIZHIZHONG。ZAILILUNSHANG,YUNYONGYANHUABOYILAIJIEXIGAIGEKAIFANGYILAICHENGXIANGGUIHUATIZHIBIANQIANSHIKEXINGDE。

                              ( 2) QUANLIZAIBUTONGZHUTIJIANPEIZHIBIANHUASHIZHIDUBIANQIANDEHEXINKAOCHANEIRONG,QUANLIPEIZHIBIANHUADAILAILEZHIDUBIANQIAN。CHENGXIANGGUIHUAQUANLIFENSANZAISHANGJIZHENGFU、XIAJIZHENGFUHESHEHUIZHIJIAN( TU 1) .CONGYIGESHIQIDAOLINGYIGESHIQI,CHENGXIANGGUIHUAQUANLIZAISHANGJIZHENGFU、XIAJIZHENGFUHESHEHUIZHIJIANLIUDONG,JIANGDAOZHIGUIHUAQUANLIPEIZHIDEBIANHUA。GENJUBUTONGSHIQIDECHENGXIANGGUIHUAQUANLIPEIZHIJIQIZUHEGUANXIKEJIANGGUIHUAGUANLITIZHIHUAFENCHENGBUTONGDEMOSHI,ERTONGGUOGUIHUAQUANLIPEIZHIBIANHUADEYUANYINFENXILAITANJIUGUIHUAGUANLITIZHIBIANQIANJIZHI。

                              ( 3) GAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,XINGZHENGXINGFENQUAN,DIFANGLIYIZHUTIDEBUDUANQIANGHUA,JIAJULESHANGXIAJIZHENGFUJIANBOYI。JINRUXINSHIJI,ZHENGFUYUSHEHUIJIANDEBOYIRIQUPINFAN。ZAICHENGXIANGGUIHUALINGYU,BANSUIZHEDUOYUANHUASHEHUISHENGCHENG,LIYIBOYIYERIYICHANGTAIHUA。CONGJINGTAIJIAODU,CHENGXIANGGUIHUAGUANLITIZHISHISHANGJIZHENGFU、XIAJIZHENGFUYUSHEHUISANDALIYIZHUTIBOYIJUNHENGDEJIEGUO。CONGDONGTAIJIAODU,BANSUIZHESANDAZHUTIJIANLILIANGDECIXIAOBIZHANG,SHANGXIAJIZHENGFU、GUOJIAYUSHEHUIGUANXISHENDUDIAOZHENG,YINQILEGUIHUAQUANLIDEPEIZHIBIANHUA,CHENGWEITUIDONGCHENGXIANGGUIHUAGUANLITIZHIBIANQIANDEGENBENLILIANG。

                              ( 4) YANHUABOYIDEZHIDUGUANQIANGDIAOJILIXIANGRONGHEZHIDUDEZIWOSHISHI( Hurwicz,1993; 1996) .BUNENGBEISHISHIDEGUIZEBUSHIZHENZHENGDEGUIZE( QINGMUCHANGYAN,2000) .ZAIZHONGGUOXIANXINGDEZHENGZHIXIA,GUOJIADEFALVHESHANGJIZHENGFUZHIDINGDEZHENGCEBINGBUNENGZIRANDIZHUANHUAWEIXIAJIZHENGFUDEXINGDONGZHINAN。ZHENSHIDEZHIDUBIANQIANBUNENGJINJINKANZHISHANGDEGUIZEWENBENBIANHUA,GENGYAOKAOCHAQIZAIZHENSHISHIJIEZHONGDESHIJIYUNZUOZHUANGTAI。ZAIXIANYOUXIANGGUANYANJIUZHONG,CONGSHIJIDEYUNZUOZHUANGTAILAIKAOCHAZHIDUBIANQIANRONGYIBEIXUEZHESUOHUSHI。

                              本文将城乡规划管理体制变迁嵌入到特定时期上下级政府、国家与社会等不同博弈域中,以规划权力配置为考察核心,从法律文本( 或政策) 和实际运作两个层面,尝试对改革开放以来城乡规划管理体制变迁及其机制进行解析。

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