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                                学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 管理学论文 > 财务管理论文

                                国有企业财务管理存在的风险与防范措施

                                时间:2019-03-20 来源:财会学习 作者:刘昱 本文字数:5919字

                                  摘    要: 现阶段我国经济发展逐渐趋于稳定,国有企业作为我国经济发展的重要组成部分,如何提升其财务管理能力是当前企业经营管理的重要内容。但仍旧有部分国有企业缺乏财务管理风险防范的意识,特别是竞争环境逐渐激烈化,使企业内部重视经营发展规模忽视效益,从而约束了国有企业综合价值的体现。现代化国有企业财务管理部门的主要职责并不仅只关注企业价值的创造,更重要的是还能及时向企业管理层提供正确及时的财务数据信息。但当前国有企业财务管理工作依旧存在很多风险问题,继而对企业的经营发展及转型造成影响,企业应结合市场环境的变化趋势,以及相关政策内容对其内部体制及时做出调整、改善,从而提升财务管理能力。因此,本文主要针对目前国有企业财务管理存在的风险问题进行梳理分析,并针对性地提出相应的防范应对措施。

                                  关键词: 国有企业; 财务管理; 风险; 防范;

                                  GUOYOUQIYESHIWOGUOSHEHUISHICHANGJINGJIZHONGDEZHONGYAONEIRONG,JIYUMUQIANSHICHANGHUANJING,ZAIBAOZHANGGUOYOUQIYETISHENGJINGJIXIAOYIDETONGSHIYOUXIAOYINGDUISHICHANGJINGJIJINGYINGCUNZAIDEFENGXIANWENTI。MUQIANWOGUOGUOYOUQIYEZAIZHUANXINGGAIGEDEJINCHENGZHONGJUYOUGENGFENGFUDEFAZHANKONGJIANJIZIYUANDETONGSHIYEJINYIBUCHANSHENGLEGENGDADEYALIHEJINGYINGFENGXIAN,TEBIESHICAIWUGUANLIFENGXIANWENTITUXIAN,DUIGUOYOUQIYEDEJINGYINGGUANLIZAOCHENGYIDINGPOHUAI,CONGERDUIQIYEHUOQUZUIDAHUAJINGJIXIAOYICHANSHENGZHIYUEXING,YANZHONGQINGKUANGXIAHUIDAOZHIGUOYOUQIYENEIBUZIJINLIANDUANLIE,YINFAGENGYANZHONGDEJINGJIWEIJI。YINCI,XINSHIQIBEIJINGXIAGUOYOUQIYEXIANGYAOQUEBAOZISHENJINGJIXIAOYIDETISHENGBIXUJIANGDIQIYECAIWUGUANLIFENGXIAN。ZONGSHANG,JIUSHICHANGJINGJIXINGSHIDEXIANZHUANGDUIGUOYOUQIYECAIWUGUANLIFENGXIANJINXINGYOUXIAOFANGFANYINGDUISHIZHONGZHONGZHIZHONG。

                                  一、财务管理对国有企业经营管理的主要作用

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                                  (一)财务管理理念有效引导其他管理工作

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                                  (二)财务管理有效约束其他管理工作

                                  财务管理工作的开展需要构建相应的管理机制作为基础,因此促使企业内部整体管理工作都要形成以下三个意识。一是效益理念,二是成本理念,三是资金理念。基于管理机制的形成对企业财务管理工作进行制约,一方面需要企业管理者提升重视程度,另一方面企业根据自身管理现状制定管理机制,并且严格实施[1]。
                                 

                                国有企业财务管理存在的风险与防范措施
                                 

                                  二、国有企业财务管理的风险分析

                                  (一)国有企业财务风险意识不足

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                                  (二)国有企业投资活动风险高

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                                  (三)国有企业财务管理主体及职责划分不清晰

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                                  (四)国有企业财务风险管控机制缺乏完善性

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                                  (五)国有企业成本控制手段单一化

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                                  (六)国有企业筹资投资风险

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                                  三、国有企业财务管理的防范措施

                                  (一)强化国有企业财务风险意识

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                                  (二)提高国有企业资金管理能力

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                                  (三)合理清晰划分国有企业财务管理主体及职责

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                                  QIER,ZHENDUIQIYEZHAIQUANYIJINEIBUQUANYIDEJUTIHUAFENGUOCHENGBIXUJIANLIXIANGYINGDEZERENZHI,TONGSHIGUANYUQIYEZHAIWUCHULIFANGSHIXUYAOJIEHEZHONGZUZHAIWUYIJIZHUANHUANDENGFANGSHIJINXINGKAIZHAN,CONGERYOULIYUDUIGUOYOUQIYELIANGHAODEJINGYINGFAZHANHUANJINGTIGONGYOUXIAOBAOZHANG。

                                  (四)创建完善的国有企业财务风险管控机制

                                  WEILEBUDUANTIGAOGUOYOUQIYECAIWUFENGXIANFANGFANDENENGLI,JIANLIWANSHANYOUXIAODEQIYECAIWUFENGXIANGUANKONGJIZHIYIJIJIZHIYOUHUAGAIGEGONGZUOSHIGUANJIANNEIRONG。

                                  QIYI,YINGLUOSHIDAOWEIGUOYOUQIYECAIWUFENGXIANGUANKONGTIZHIDEJIANLI。GUOYOUQIYEYINGJIEHEZISHENDESHIJIFAZHANQINGKUANG,HELIYINGYONGSHEHUICAIWUGUANLIFENGXIANGUANKONGDEQUANXINLINIAN,QUEBAOCAIWUGUANKONGJIZHIDEJIANSHEGONGZUOLUOSHIDAOWEI,BINGQIEMANZUQIYEGEBUMENFAZHANXUQIUHEXIANDAIGUOYOUQIYEZHENGTIJINGYINGFAZHANDEXUQIU,BINGQIETONGGUOXIANGGUANLINIANYIJISHIJISHISHIDEXIAOGUODUIQIJIZHINEIRONGZUOCHUGAIJIN、GENGXINHEYOUHUA[6]。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   QIER,GUOYOUQIYEXUYAOGENJUDUIGEBUMENFAZHANTEZHENGDEFENXIWANCHENGQIYENEISUOYOUBUMENDECAIWUGUANKONGJIZHIDEJIANSHEGONGZUO。TONGSHI,GUANKONGJIZHIDEJIANSHEGONGZUOXUYAOZAIFUHEXIANGGUANFALVFAGUIDEQIANTIXIACUJINCAIWUGUANLIGONGZUODELINGHUOXING,CONGERSHIQIMANZUQIYENEIGEBUMENDEFAZHANXUQIU。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   QISAN,DUIXIANGGUANZHIZEJINXINGMINGQUEDEFENPEI。GUANYUGUOYOUQIYECAIWUSHENPI、JIANDUJIZHIDEJIANLIDOUXUYAOYIJU“CONGSHANGDAOXIA”DEYUANZE,ZAIQIYEKAIZHANCAIWUGUANLIGONGZUOGUOCHENGZHONGXUYAOTONGGUO“ANJISHENPI”YIJI“YANGESHENHE”DEFANGSHIKAIZHAN,CONGERZUIDACHENGDUBIMIANGUOYOUQIYEZAIJINGYINGFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGCUNZAIDECAIWUFENGXIANWENTI。

                                  (五)不断优化国有企业成本控制手段

                                星云棋牌官网下载   GUOYOUQIYEXIANGYAOTISHENGCHENGBENKONGZHIDEXIAOYIBIXUYOUHUAGAIJINCHENGBENKONGZHIDESHOUDUAN。YIFANGMIAN,GUOYOUQIYEKEYIJIEZHUDUOZHONGXINGSHIDECHENGBENKONGZHIRUANJIAN、XIANDAIXINXIJISHUYIJIWANGLUOJISHUDENGDUIQIYESHENGCHANJINGYINGGUOCHENGZHONGBUTONGHUANJIEDEHAOFEIKAIZHANYOUXIAODEGUANLI,CONGERBAOZHANGDUIQIYECHENGBENZHICHUDEJUTIQINGKUANGYOUMINGQUEDEZHANGKONG,CONGERYOULIYUGUOYOUQIYESHIXIANZIYUANDEJIESHENG。LINGYIFANGMIAN,GUOYOUQIYEZAIKAIZHANCHENGBENKONGZHIGONGZUOGUOCHENGZHONGKEYICAIQU“JIAZHILIANFENXIFA”,TONGGUODUIQIYEGEGONGZUOHUANJIEYIJIGEBUMENCHENGBENDEJUTIZHICHIQINGKUANGZHANKAIYOUXIAODEDUIBIFENXI,CONGERJINYIBUDUIQIYENEIBUJIAZHIDEZENGZHIHUODONGJINXINGXIFENHUA,JIERZUIDACHENGDUJIANGDIGUOYOUQIYECHENGBENZHICHU。TONGSHI,GUOYOUQIYEYINGDUIJINGYINGFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGSHENGCHAN、XIAOSHOU、SHOUHOUFUWU、CAILIAOGONGYINGDENGGONGZUOBUDUANJIADAQIGONGZUOLIDU,CONGERZUIDAHUABAOZHANGQIYEJINGJIXIAOYI。CIWAI,HAIXUYAOJIEHEQIYEZISHENDESHIJIFAZHANQINGKUANGGOUJIANCHENGBENKONGZHIDEPINGGUHEFANKUIZHIDU。RUGUOCHENGBENKONGZHISHISHIGUOCHENGCHUXIANWENTIKEYIDUICIJISHIJINXINGFANKUIYIJIGAIJIN,BINGQIEXUYAODUICHENGBENKONGZHIDESHISHIXIAOGUOZHANKAIPINGGUGONGZUO,QUEBAOXIANGYINGJIANGCHENGNEIRONGLUOSHIDAOWEI,CONGERYOUXIAOTIGAOGUOYOUQIYEDECHENGBENKONGZHIXIAOLV。

                                  (六)强化企业资金管理

                                  MUQIANWOGUOGUOYOUQIYEYIJINGJINRULESHENHUAGAIGEJIEDUAN,QIYEDUIYUZIJINGUANLIDEZHONGSHICHENGDUZHUJIANTISHENG,JIYUCI,GUOYOUQIYEWEILEJINYIBUSHIXIANFAZHAN,XUYAOTUOSHANGUIHUAFAZHANZIJIN,KEXUEDEGUANLIQIYENEIKELIUDONGZIJIN,CONGERYOUXIAOJIANGDIQIYECAIWUFENGXIAN。WEILEQUEBAOZIJINGUANLILUOSHIDAOWEI,YINGDANGJIANGQIYEDUANQIMUBIAOYUZHANGQIFAZHANMUBIAOTONGBUSHIXING。DUANQINEI,QIYEXUYAOYINDAOGEBUMENGONGTONGCANYUCAIWUGUANLIGONGZUO,DUIZIJINDEYUNXINGJINXINGJIANGUAN,ZIJINDEMEIXIANGLIUDONGQINGKUANGDOUXUYAOJISHIZUOCHUJILU,DUICAIWUBUMENHOUXUDESHENHEGONGZUOTIGONGYOULIDESHUJUBAOZHANG。ZHANGQIFAZHAN,QIYEYINGDANGDUIZIJINGUANLIJINXINGZHANLVEGUIHUA,BINGQIEZUIDACHENGDUFAHUIYUSUANGUANLIDEZUOYONG,WEIQIYEZHANGYUANDEJINGYINGFAZHANTIGONGCHONGYUDEZIJINZHICHI。TONGSHI,QIYEXIANZHIZIJINKEYONGYUKAIZHANTOUZIHUDONG,CONGERTISHENGQIYEJINGJIXIAOYI。

                                  四、结束语

                                星云棋牌官网下载   ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,JIYUMUQIANSHEHUIJINGJIDEFAZHANXINGSHI,QIANGHUAGUOYOUQIYECAIWUGUANLIGONGZUO,YOUXIAOFANGFANYINGDUICAIWUGUANLIFENGXIANDUIGUOYOUQIYEJIANKANGZHANGQIFAZHANJUYOUZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。GUOYOUQIYECAIWUGUANLIFENGXIANWENTIGUANCHUANYUQIYEYUNYING、GAIGEDENGRENHEHUANJIE,ZHIYOUZAIJINGYINGFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGTONGGUOJIANLIJIANQUANQIEYOUXIAODECAIWUGUANLIFENGXIANYUJINGJIYINGDUIJIZHI,JIERCONGGUOYOUQIYEZISHENDEZHUTI、JIZHIYIJIGEFANGMIANGUANLIGONGZUORUSHOUGOUJIANQUANMIANHUA、DONGTAIHUADEFENGXIANFANGFANJIZHI,CONGERZUIDAHUAJIANGQIYENEIBUGEHUANJIECHANSHENGDEFENGXIANJILVJIANGZHIZUIDICHENGDU,WEIGUOYOUQIYESHIXIANKECHIXUXINGFAZHANDIANDINGLIANGHAODEJICHU。

                                  参考文献

                                  [1] 刘芬.国有企业财务管理风险及防范对策[J].科教导刊(下旬),2018 (12):153-154.
                                  [2] 张勇.浅议加强国有企业财务管理[J].黑龙江科技信息,2017 (34):22-23.
                                  [3] 张宇.浅析国有企业内控管理及财务风险防范措施[J].中国科技投资,2018 (19):178.
                                  [4] 孙国芳.新时期国有企业财务管理风险点及防范措施[J].时代金融,2018 (12):163-164.
                                  [5] 郝先鹏.新形势下国企财务管理风险防范措施探析[J].中小企业管理与科技,2017 (10):56-57.
                                  [6] 熊志凌.新形势下国企财务管理风险防范措施探析[J].财会学习,2017 (16):58-59.

                                  刘昱.浅谈国有企业财务管理工作中的风险及防范[J].财会学习,2020(09):34-36.
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