星云棋牌官网下载

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                    学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 文学论文 > 儿童文学论文

                    鹤庆童谣的功能、分类及其传承演变

                    时间:2019-02-18 来源:楚雄师范学院学报 作者:徐跃飞 本文字数:7271字

                      摘    要:星云棋牌官网下载 童谣是儿童文学的一部分,也是儿童最早接触的文学样式,在儿童的成长过程中起着关键性作用。流传于云南鹤庆地区的童谣受到茶马古道民间文化的影响,具有教育、传承白族文化,传授生产生活知识和游戏、趣化生活的功能。笔者对鹤庆童谣进行了分类分析,总结出鹤庆童谣传承及变迁的特点。

                      关键词:星云棋牌官网下载 鹤庆童谣; 分类; 传承; 变迁;

                      Abstract:星云棋牌官网下载 Children's rhyme is a part of children's literature and the first literary form that children know,so it plays an key role in the growth and maturity of children. Influenced by the folk culture of the Tea-Horse Trade Road,the children's rhymes circulating in Heqing,Yunnan Province have the functions of educating,inheriting the Bai culture,imparting life knowledge,gaming and amusing. The author first analyzes and classifies the children's rhymes of Heqing before summing up the characteristics of their inheritance and evolution.

                      Keyword: children's rhyme of Heqing; Classification; inheritance; evolution;

                      TONGYAOSHIERTONGWENXUEDEZUCHENGBUFEN,YESHIERTONGZUIZAOKAISHIJIECHUDEWENXUEXINGSHI,TONGYAODENEIRONGHEXINGSHIDUOZHONGDUOYANG。ZUIZAODETONGYAOCHUXIANZAIYAOSHUNYUSHIQI,ZHEIZAI《SHIJING》ZHONGYOUMINGQUEJIZAI。ZAITONGYAODEFAZHANLICHENGZHONG,QIJINGLILE“ERYAO”“RUZIGE”“ERGE”“TONGZIGE”“XIAOERYAO”“XIAOERGE”DENGBUTONGDEJIAOFA。TONGYAOSHIZHIGENJUYIDINGDEDIYUWENHUAJINXINGCHUANGBIANDE,GUANGFANLIUCHUANYUERTONGZHIJIANERWUTEDINGXUANLV、QUWEIXINGJIAOQIANG、NEIRONGQIANXIANYIDONGQIEJIJUDIFANGTESEDEKOUTOUDUANYU。[1](P10)TONGYAOBANSUIZHEERTONGDECHENGZHANG,ZAIERTONGDESHENGHUOJIANXI、YOUXIXIXIZHONG,RANGERTONGTIYANLEYUYANYUHUODONGXIANGQIDEMEIHAO,YOUSHIXIANLEDANGDIWENHUADECHUANCHENG。

                      TONGYAOANQIGONGNENGDAZHIKEYIFENWEI:SHIZHENGLEI、JIAOYULEI、YOUXILEI、SHENGCHANSHENGHUOZHISHILEI、MINSUWENHUALEI。SHIZHENGLEI、JIAOYULEITONGYAOYUDANGSHISHEHUIDEJIEJIFAZHAN、JIECENGWENHUAMIQIEXIANGGUAN,SHOUTONGZHIJIEJIDEDAODELINIAN、JIAZHIGUANNIANDEYUESHUYUZHIYUE;ERYOUXILEI、MINSUWENHUALEI、SHENGCHANSHENGHUOZHISHILEIDETONGYAOZETIEJINERTONGSHENGHUO,ZHUYAOSHIRANGERTONGLEJIEZIRAN、RENSHISHEHUI,ZAICHUANCHANGGUOCHENGZHONGRANGERTONGHUODEJINGSHENSHANGDEYUYUE。

                      YUNNANDALIHEQINGXIANDICHUYUNNANSHENGXIBEIBU、JINSHAJIANGZHONGYOU,WEIYUDALI、LIJIANGLIANGDALISHIWENHUAMINGCHENGZHIJIAN,SHICHAMAGUDAOSHANGDEWENHUAZHONGZHEN,SHUBAI、HAN、ZANG、NAXIWENHUADEJIAOHUIDI,SUYOU“QUANTANZHIXIANG”“MINJIANYISHUZHIXIANG”HE“MINGLANZHIXIANG”DEMEIYU。HEQINGTONGYAOZUOWEIMINJIANWENHUADEYIBUFEN,ZAILISHIDEFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONG,TAYESHIZUNXUNZHESHEHUIDEJINBU、SIXIANGDEKAIFANG、GEXINGDEJIEFANGDEFAZHANGUIJIBUDUANXIANGQIANFAZHAN。

                      一、鹤庆童谣的功能

                      (一)教育功能

                      教育类童谣主要一方面帮助儿童认识周围的人、事、物,增长儿童的知识;另一方面还起着道德教化,教孩子一些为人处事道理和传承本民族文化的作用。童谣是本民族文化传承的载体,对本民族幼儿的成长具有重要的价值。
                     

                    鹤庆童谣的功能、分类及其传承演变
                     

                      RUCHUANBOYUHEQINGXISHANQUDE《SIJIGE》:

                      CHUNFENGCHUI,YANGLIUQING,

                      XIAOCAOFALVNENSHENGSHENG;

                      TIANTIANGANYANGQUCHICAO,

                      YANGERZHANGDEPANGDUNDUN。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   LIUYUEMAIZIYIPIANHUANG,

                      DIEMATIANZHONGSHOUGEMANG;

                    星云棋牌官网下载   YILIMAIZIYIDIHAN,

                    星云棋牌官网下载   WOQUTIANZHONGJIANSALIANG。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   QIUFENGQI,SHUYELUO,

                      LUOYEMANDIYOUMANPO;

                      DAHUOQIBALUOYESAO,

                    星云棋牌官网下载   YUNHUIYILUOYOUYILUO。

                      DONGJILI,DAXUEPIAO,

                      HUAHUACAOCAOCHUANMIANPAO;

                      JINNIANHAOHAOSHUIGEJUE,

                    星云棋牌官网下载   LAINIANMANSHANCHUANCAIPAO。[2](P10)

                      《SIJIGE》ZHEISHOUGEYAOJIUTIXIANLEZAIBUTONGDEJIJIEZHONGHEQINGLAODONGRENMINSUOCONGSHIDEBUTONGSHENGCHANLAODONG,ERTONGZAIZHEIGEGUOCHENGZHONGCANYUFUMUDELAOZUO,TIHUILELAODONGDEKUAILEHESIJIGENGTIZHONGZIRANJIEDEBUTONGJINGWU:CHUNTIANGANYANGCHICAO,XIATIANSHOUMAIZI,QIUTIANSAOLUOYE,DONGTIANGUODONG,GEYAONEIRONGJIANDANMINGLEBINGTIEJINERTONGDESHENGHUO。

                      (二)传承本民族文化的功能

                    星云棋牌官网下载   TONGYAODUOZAIBENDIBENXIANGZHIJIANCHUANBO,ZAICHUANBOZHONGDAIYOUBENMINZUDEWENHUATEDIANHEMINSUTEZHENG。HEQINGSHIBAIZUJIJUQU,ZAIHEQINGDUIFUQIN、MUQINDECHENGHU,TAMENYOUZIJIDEMINZUYUYANTEDIAN,YIBANJIAOABAAMA。TONGSHIZAISHENGCHANSHENGHUOZHONG,TAMENYEHENZHONGSHIJINGYANDEJILEI,ZHEIXIEZAIDANGDITONGYAOLIDOUYOUTIXIAN。

                      RULIUCHUANYUHEQINGJINDUNXIANGDE《QINGCAIHUA》:

                      QINGCAIHUA,

                      BAICAIHUA,

                      QISUIGUNIANGJIARENJIA。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   XIAOXIAOZHANGFUJIUTOUFA,

                      BAWOTOUFAJIUWANLE。

                      GONGYEDALAIPOYEMA,

                      YANLEIWANGWANGHUINIANGJIA。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   BABAJIANWOHUIDAOJIA,

                      DAKAIDAMENYINGJINLAI;

                      MAMAJIANWOHUIJIALAI,

                      DAKAIXIANGZIBAIHUAXIE;

                      GEGEJIANWOHUIJIALAI,

                    星云棋牌官网下载   DAKAICHUANGZIWANGCHULAI;

                      SAOSAOJIANWOHUIJIALAI,

                    星云棋牌官网下载   LAZHANGSHOULIANZUOQILAI。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   GEGESHUOSHIREDIANFAN,

                      MAMASHUOSHIDUOCHIWAN,

                      SAOSAOJIUZAIGUAZENGBAN。[2](P10)

                      ZHEISHIYISHOUFANYINGJIUSHEHUINVHAIZUOWEITONGYANGXICHUJIAHOUDEBEICANSHENGHUODETONGYAO,HUINIANGJIABABAMAMAHENXINTENG,KESHISAOZIQUEYIJINGBAXIAOGUZIDANGZUOLEWAIREN,BULEYITAZAIHUIJIALAI。ZHEILEITONGYAOZAIGEMINZUDETONGYAOZHONGDOUJIAOWEIDUOJIAN,YINWEITADECHANSHENGJUYOUSHENKEDELISHIHEWENHUABEIJING,LILAIDEZHONGNANQINGNVSIXIANGHEYIFUDUOQIZHISHIDENVHAIZAIJIATINGZHONGDEDIWEIHENDI,SUOWEI“JIACHUQUDENVERPOCHUQUDESHUI”“NVHAIERZHONGGUISHIRENJIADEREN”;TONGSHI,SHOUYIXIAONONGJINGJIWEIJICHUDESIYOUZHISIXIANGDEYINGXIANG,ZAICHULIRENJIGUANXISHIRENMENDADUOJUYOUQIANGLIEDEZISIXINGHEPAITAXING,ZAIYIJIATINGWEIDANWEIDESHEHUIZUZHIZHONG,BUJINPAICHITARENDEJIATING,ERQIEDUIDAIJIATINGZHONGDE“TAREN”YESHIZHEIYANGDE,SUOYI,ZAIZHEIZHONGDAJIATINGZHONG,GUSAO、ZHOULIZHIJIANDEMAODUNFEICHANGTUCHU。ZHEISHOUTONGYAOJIUHENHAODIFANYINGLEJIUJIATINGDEJIANRUIMAODUN。

                      (三)传授生产生活知识的功能

                      ZAIGEMINZUDEFAZHANLISHIZHONG,LAODONGRENMINDEZIDIWUFAXIANGSHOUJIAOYU,HEQINGDELAODONGRENMINSHIDAIXIANGXU,ZAISHENGCHANZHONGJILEILEFENGFUDESHENGCHANSHENGHUOZHISHIHELAODONGJINGYAN,TONGGUODUISHEHUIZHONGRENQING、FENGWUDEDONGCHA,ZAIYIKOUTOUWENXUEDEXINGSHIYANXUHECHUANDI。

                      RULIUCHUANYUHEQINGCHENGJIAOYUANDE《QIUYUGE》:

                    星云棋牌官网下载   QIUYUGE(YI)

                      XIAOTONGZI,BAISHANGCANG,

                      YANGWANGSHANGCANGLEIBUGAN。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   HEMIAOKU,DIKAILIE,

                    星云棋牌官网下载   HELIMEIYOUSHUI,

                      GUOLIMEIYOUFAN。

                      DANYUANLAOTIANDAXIAYU,

                      BAOYOUCANGSHENGGUONANGUAN。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   QIUYUGE(ER)

                      TIANWUBIAN,DIWUJIAO,

                      ERTONGQIUYULIANJIEGUO。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   YINDONGCANGLONGCHUHAIJIAO;

                      YUNANAN,YUPANGTUO,

                      WANMINTONGCHANGTAIPINGGE。[2](P2)

                      ZHEISHOUTONGYAOMIAOXIELEGUOQUZAIGANHANDEJIEQIZHONG,YOUYUMEIYOUHENHAODESHUILISHESHIHERENGONGJIANGYUDEBANFA,LAODONGRENMINZHINENGCAIYONGQIUYUDEFANGSHILAIJIEJUEGANHANWENTI,TAMENRENWEIQIUYUHOUJIUYOULONGHUICONGHAILICHULAI,FENGDIAOYUSHUNCONGERHUODEFENGSHOU,TIANXIATAIPING。

                      (四)游戏、趣化生活的功能

                      TONGYAOSHIFUWUYUERTONGDE,MOUXIETONGYAOTIANZHENHUOPO、QUWEIXINGJIQIANG,MEIYOUDALIANGDESHUOJIAO、SHUOLIDENEIRONG,ERSHIYOUMO、HUIXIESHENZHISHIYOUQUDE。ZHEIRANGERTONGDETIANXINGDEDAOLEJIDADEJIEFANG,YERANGERTONGZAIBEISONGHUOYUEDUDEGUOCHENGZHONGTIHUIDAOTONGYAODEMEIGAN。

                      RULIUCHUANYUHEQINGJINDUNDE《XIANGFANGE》:

                      SANSHIWANSHANGDAYUELIANG,

                      ZEITOULAOHESHANG,

                    星云棋牌官网下载   QIAOKAIWANKOUDADEBIDONG,

                    星云棋牌官网下载   TOUQUYIZHANGBAXIANZHUO。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   XIAZIKANJIANLE,

                      YABADASHENGHAN,

                      LONGZIYETINGJIAN,

                    星云棋牌官网下载   BOZIQUZHUIGAN,

                      YIJIAODIEZAIGANGOUTOU,

                    星云棋牌官网下载   BASHUIDIEDESICHUJIAN。[2](P223)

                      ZHEISHOUTONGYAOSHIDIANXINGDEDIANDAOGE,QITEDIANJIUSHIGUYISHUOFANHUAHUOZHEDIANDAOSHIWUDETEZHENG,BAXIANSHIZHONGBUHUICHANSHENGDEQINGXINGCHENGXIANCHULAI,SHIRENGANDAOHAOXIAO。RUGEYAOZHONGWANKOUDADEBIDONGSHIFANGBUXIAYIZHANGBAXIANZHUODE,XIAZIKANBUJIAN,YABATINGBUJIAN,BOZIYEBUNENGZHUIGAN,ERGEYAOZHONGQUEGUYIJIANGQICHENGXIANCHULAI,RANGRENJUEDEHUAJIKEXIAO。

                      二、鹤庆童谣的分类

                      ANZHAOTONGYAODEGONGNENG,BINGJIEHEHEQINGDEMINZUWENHUATEDIAN,WOMENJIANGTONGYAOFENWEISHIZHENGLEI、JIAOYULEI、YOUXILEI、SHENGCHANSHENGHUOZHISHILEI、MINSUWENHUALEI。XIANJIANGDUIMEIYILEIJINXINGJIESHAO:

                      (一)时政类

                      ZAIMANZHANGDEFENGJIANSHEHUIZHONG,HEQINGZUOWEIYIBAIZUWEIZHUTIDEDUOMINZUDIQU,XIANGJIBEIGELINGZHUZHI、TUSIZHISHIXINGMINZUYAPOZHENGCE。ZAIFAZHANLISHIZHONG,HEQINGJINGLILEFENGJIANXIAONONGJINGJI、TUDIGAIGEDENGGUOCHENG,ZAITONGYAOZHONGYOUYIBUFENJIUSHIFANYINGDANGSHIFENGJIANDIZHUJIEJIYAPOGUANGDALAODONGRENMINDEQINGXING。

                      RULIUCHUANYUHEQINGCHENGJIAODE《YIGUOYAN,MAOSHANGTIAN》:

                      YIGUOYAN,MAOSHANGTIAN,

                      HONGLUOSAN,ZILUOBIAN;

                    星云棋牌官网下载   JIEWONIU,ZUOZHENTOU,

                      JIEWOMA,XIAYUNZHOU。

                      YUNZHOULUSHANGYOUDUOHUA,

                    星云棋牌官网下载   YAOYAOBAIBAIDAOSHIJIA。

                      SHIJIAYOUGEDUSHENGNV,

                      JIAOTAJIAJIWO,

                      TABUJIA,

                    星云棋牌官网下载   YAOJIGEBIPANGLAOGUAN。

                      PANGLAOGUAN,

                      JIAOYOUQUE,ZUIYOUWAI,

                      YIWAIWAIDAOSHIZIJIE,

                      TAODEYIGEXIAONAINAI,

                      JIAOTAQIEKECAI,

                    星云棋牌官网下载   PAQIANGWANGLAOGONG;

                      JIAOTAXIKECONG,

                      PAQIANGWANGLAOGONG;

                    星云棋牌官网下载   JIAOTACHEGEYANGQIEZI,

                      PADAOSHUSHANGJIUFENGZI。[2](P239)

                      ZHEISHOUTONGYAOBIAOXIANLEFENGJIANSHEHUINVXINGDEHUNYINBUNENGZIZHU,ZHINENGJIESHOUSUOWEI“MINGYUN”DEANPAI。ZHEIYANGYIXIETONGYAOYOUCIBEICHUANGZUOHELIUCHUAN,JINERGENGHAODIBIAODALELAODONGRENMINDEBEIKU。

                      (二)教育类

                      ZAIHEQING,JINGNEIDEHANZUJISHAOSHUMINZUDOUPUBIANHUIJIANGHANYU,ERHANYUYOUYUSHOUDAOHANZUYUANZHUDIFANGFANGYAN、GUHANYU、XIONGDIMINZUYUYANDENGYINGXIANG,YOUBUFENCIHUIXINGCHENGLEHEQINGTEYOUDEFANGYAN。SUIZHEJIAOYUDEPUJI,BUFENFANGYANYIBINLINXIAOSHI,BUFENRENGRANLIUZAIRENMENRICHANGYUYANJIAOLIUZHONG,RUZAIRENWUCHENGHUZHONG,FUQINJIAOABA,MUQINJIAOAMO,ZUFUJIAOALAO,ZUMUJIAOANAI。ZAIHEQINGDETONGYAOZHONG,YEYOUYIXIENEIRONGSHIJIAOYUERTONGYAOQINDUSHU、QINXUEXI,YAOXUEXISHENGCHANSHENGHUODEGEZHONGJINGYAN,ZHANGDAHOUCAINENGYOUSUOZUOWEI。

                      RULIUCHUANZAIHEQINGJINDUNDE《XIAOWANCHONG》:

                    星云棋牌官网下载   DUDONGDUDONGDUDUDONG,

                      WOMENSHIDUIXIAOWANCHONG;

                      GUANGCHIDONGXIBUZUOGONG,

                      ZHUOLEHUDIEYOUZHUACHONG。

                      ERTIANDALEMEIBENSHI,

                    星云棋牌官网下载   YANJINGYAOKUZHONG。[2](P120)

                      ZHEISHOUTONGYAOJIAOYUYOUERBUNENGTANWAN,YAOXUEXIWENHUAZHISHIHESHENGCHANSHENGHUOJINGYAN,FOUZEZHANGDACHENGRENHOUMEIYOUBENSHI,YANJINGKUZHONGLEYEMEIYOUYONG。

                      (三)游戏类

                    星云棋牌官网下载   TONGYAODEYOUXIXINGHEYULEXINGSHIDEYOUERZAINIANSONGTONGYAOSHIGANDAOYUYUE。KEYIRANGERTONGLEJIEZHOUWEISHIWUDEMINGCHENGJIJIBENCIHUI,ZAIYIYANGDUNCUODESHENGDIAOBIANHUAZHONG,GANSHOUYUYANDELIUDONGXING;ZAINIANSONGDEQUWEIZHONG,PEIYANGERTONGDEHAOQIXINYUYOUMOGAN;TONGSHI,ERTONGHUIDUIXIHUANDETONGYAOFANFUNIANSONG,ZHUBUTIHUIYINYUNXIANGXIEDEQUWEIYIJITONGYAODEJIEZOUGAN。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   RULIUCHUANYUHEQINGBAQUDE《PAIHUAZHANGGE》:

                    星云棋牌官网下载   YIERYI,YIERYI,

                      ZAOZAOQILAIQUDIAOYU。

                      DIAODEDAYUSONGYEYE,

                      DIAODEXIAOYUWEIMAOMI。

                      SIWULIU,SIWULIU,

                      ZAOZAOQILAIQUFANGNIU。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   BIANFANGNIULAIBIANGECAO,

                      NIUCHIYECAOBIAOYEHOU。

                      QIBAJIU,QIBAJIU,

                    星云棋牌官网下载   YOUZAIHUALAIYOUCHALIU。

                      SHENMEHUOJIWODOUGAN,

                    星云棋牌官网下载   WOYOUYISHUANGQINKUAISHOU。[2](P120)

                      ZHEISHOUTONGYAOLEISIRAOKOULING,TONGGUOYIERYI、SIWULIU、QIBAJIU,JIEHEZHECHANGJINGDEZHUANHUAN,RANGERTONGTIYANDAOFANFUSONGNIANDELEQU。

                      (四)生产生活知识类

                      TONGGUOTONGYAOLAICHUANDIHECHUANCHENGSHENGCHAN、SHENGHUODEZHISHI,BINGQIEYIKOUCHUANDEFANGSHIRANGERTONGJIESHOUYIDINGDESHENGCHAN、SHENGHUOJINGYAN,ZHEILEITONGYAOZAIHEQINGTONGYAOZHONGZHANYOUYIDINGDEBIZHONG。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   RULIUCHUANYUHEQINGJINDUNDE《NIULAOBO》:

                      NIULAOBO,

                      YAOYAOQUE,

                      QUELAILUO,

                      MOSHUIZHE。[2](P103)

                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZHEISHOUTONGYAOJIUSHIDIANXINGDERANGERTONGXUEXIFANGNIUDEJIQIAO,ZAIFANGNIUGUOCHENGZHONGYAOYAOQUE,BUNENGSHUIJUE,ZHIYOUZHEIYANGCAINENGHENHAODIWANCHENGFANGNIUDERENWU。

                      (五)民俗文化类

                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIHEQINGXIAN,BAI、YI、LISU、MIAO、NAXI、ZHUANG、HUI、ZANG、HAN9GEMINZUSHIJINGNEIDESHIJUZHE,QITARUDAI、HANI、WAZUDENG13GEMINZUSHIZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOJIANLIYILAI,YINQIANXI、GONGZUO、LIANYINDENGGUANXIRUJIDE。ZAIMANZHANGDELISHIFAZHANZHONG,HEQINGGEZURENMINDOUCHUANGZUOLEDALIANGDETONGYAO,QIZHONGGUANYUMINSUWENHUADEJIUZHANYOUHENDADEBILI。

                      三、鹤庆童谣的传承和变迁

                      (一)鹤庆童谣的传承

                      TONGYAODEYUYANPOSHIWUHUA、QIANXIANYIDONG,JUYOUHENQIANGDEDIFANGSECAI;TONGYAOWANGWANGYUYOUXIXIANGJIETAI,QUCAIYUERTONGDESHENGHUO,FUHANTONGQU、ZIYOUZIZAIERBUSHOUGENGDUOJUSHU,TIXIANZHENSHANMEIDEZHUTIHEJINGSHENZHUIQIU。TONGYAOSHIYIZHONGKOUERXIANGCHUANDEYUYANYISHU,YIBANDOUSHIZAITIANJIANDITOU、ZAIFUMUJIAOYANGHAIZIDEGUOCHENGZHONGCHUANCHENGDE。

                      1. 以家庭为主要场所的传承

                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIHEQING,BAIZUQINGNIANDEHUNYINJIAOSHAOYOUFUMUBAOBAN,LIANAIBIJIAOZIYOU,QINGNIANNANNVTONGGUOGANJI、MIAOHUI、PINHUOHUI、CHAOSHANHUIDENGHUODONGXIANGHURENSHI,ZENGJINLEJIEDEJIHUI。BAIZUJIATINGYIBANSHIYOUYIDUIFUFUJIFUMU、ZINVZUCHENGYIHU。FANYOUDIXIONGZHE,DIDIWANHUNYOUZINVHOUCAIKAISHIFENJIA,FUMUYOUZAIJIADEERZIHUONVXUFUZESHANYANG,HUOFUQINFENYUZHANGZI、MUQINFENYUCIZISHENGHUO。SHAOBUFENJIATINGFENJIAHOUFUMURENGTONGCHIYIGUO,DANKAIZHIYONGDEQIAN、LIANGYOUZHANGZI、CIZIDENGGONGTONGFENDAN,ZHISHIJIANGMINGFUMUYIFANGRUGUOBINGGUYOUSHEICHENGDANHOUSHI。ZAIJIATINGZHONG,ZHANGFUWEIYIJIAZHIZHANG,JINGJIDEZHIPEIHEYINGFUSHEJIAOJIEYOUZHANGFUBAWO。QIZIZHUYAOXIEZHUZHANGFUJINXINGSHENGCHANLAOZUO,CAOCHIRICHANGSHENGHUO。HEQINGBAIZUDEFUNVDADUOQINLAOSHANLIANG,JIAOYANGHAIZIDEZHIZEYEZHUYAOYOUJIATINGZHONGDEMUQINCHENGDAN,ZAITONGYAODECHUANCHENGZHONG,YOUMUQINZAILAOZUOHUOZHEHONGHAIZIDEGUOCHENGZHONGNIANJIHAIZITING,HAIZIZAITINGDETONGSHI,BUJINCHUANCHENGLEBENMINZUDEWENHUA,YEZAIZHEIZHONGBUDUANDENIANSONGZHONGXUEXILETONGYAO,ZENGJINLEHEMUQINZHIJIANDEGANQING。YOUXIEBAIZUJIATING,ZHANGFUCHUMENJINGSHANG、ZUOSHOUYI,FUNVCHENGWEIZHICHENGJIATINGDEDINGLIANGZHU,FUZESHANYANGLAOREN、TIANJIANLAOZUO,WEIYANGJIZHU、FUYUERNV。YOUXIEBAIZUJIATINGYOULAORENDANGJIA,JIHUARICHANGKAIZHIHUOANPAINONGSHIHUODONG,ZAIZHEIYANGDEJIATINGZHONG,LAORENYEJIUCHENGDANQIJIAOYANGERTONGDEZEREN。LAORENLIYONGZIJIFENGFUDERENSHENGYUELIHETONGYAOCHUBEI,ZAIDAIYANGHAIZIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YIBIANCHUANCHENGSHENGCHANSHENGHUODEXIANGGUANZHISHI,YIBIANLIYONGTONGYAODEFENGFUXINGHEQUWEIXINGZENGTIANYANGYUHAIZIDELEQU。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   RULIUCHUANYUHEQINGCHENGJIAOXIANGDE《XIAOHUAGOU》:

                    星云棋牌官网下载   XIAOHUAGOU,XIAOHUAGOU,

                      RENQIANBUGANZOU,

                      ZHUANGENRENHOUTOU。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZHUZIZAICHIROU,

                      JITAKENGUTOU。[2](P83)

                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZHEISHOUTONGYAOJIUJUYOUJIAOQIANGDETONGQUXING。ZAIHEQINGDEYIZUZHONG,FUQIENAI、LIYIXIANXIANGJISHAO;HEQINGLISUZUYELIUXINGFUMUYUWEIHUNZINVJIEWEIYITIDEXIAOJIATING,FANDUOZINVZHE,ZINVCHENGHUNHOUJIYUFUMU、XIONGDIFENJU,FUMUDUOYUYOUZISHENGHUO。GUZAIHEQINGDIQUDETONGYAOCHUANCHENGZHONG,ZHUYAOYIJIATINGWEICHUANCHENGDEZHUYAOCHANGSUO,YIQIANYIMOHUA、RUNWUWUSHENGDEFANGSHILAIJIAOYUHAIZI。

                      2. 以生活化、游戏化的方式传承

                      ZAIHEQINGTONGYAODECHUANCHENGZHONG,HAIYOUYISHENGHUOHUA、YOUXIHUADEFANGSHILAICHUANCHENG。HEQINGDEBAIZUSHIHEQINGFENBUZUIGUANG、RENKOUZUIDUODEMINZU。ZAILISHIFAZHANZHONG,HEQINGZAINONGYE、GONGYE、SHANGYEDENGXINGYEJUNYOUFAZHAN,ZAIHEQINGBAIZUDEZONGCHANZHIZHONG,20SHIJI50NIANDAICHU,NONGYECHANZHISUOZHANBIZHONGJIAODA;ZAISHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIYIHOU,NONG、LIN、MU、FU、YUJUNYOUJIAODAFUDUDEZENGZHANG,DANYIDENONGYEJINGJIYOULEBIANHUA,RUQIXINHUABAIZUCUNDEZHIYINGONGYI,HAIYOUQITASHOUGONGYEZHEDEZHITONGYEJUNYOUJIAODAFAZHAN,YEDAILAILEJIAODADEJINGJISHOUYI。ZAITONGYAODECHUANCHENGZHONG,QIYUERFANGSHISHIYIBIANSHENGCHANLAOZUO,YIBIANJIAOYANGERTONG,TONGYAODEJIAOSHOUHEXUEXIYEJIUSHIZAIRICHANGDESHENGHUOZHONG,JIERTONGDEXUEXIYUSHENGHUORONGHEZAIYIQI。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   RULIUCHUANZAIHEQINGJINDUNDE《WOJIATIANGECHOUWAWA》:

                      AIYAYA,

                      BUHAOLA,

                      WOJIATIANGECHOUWAWA;

                      TABILIANG,

                      HUANGTOUFA;

                      HEIERDUO,

                      BAZHANGDA;

                      XIMIYAN,

                      BURENMA;

                      XIAOZHAILIAN,

                      HUNIBA;

                    星云棋牌官网下载   XIAOZUIZHANGDEXIANGLABA。

                      AIYAYA,

                      BUHAOLA,WOJIATIANGECHOUWAWA。[2](P37)

                      ZHEISHOUTONGYAOJUYOUYOUMOHUIXIEDETEDIAN,KEZAILAOZUOJIANXIHEHAIZIXIXISHIJIAOHAIZINIANSONG。YIFANGMIANKEYIHUANJIELAODONGDEZHONGDEXINLAO;LINGYIFANGMIANYEKEYIHUOYUEFENWEI,RANGLAODONGZHONGDEYUYUEGANHEKUAILEGANZENGQIANG,RANGERTONGTIYANDAOYUFUMUYIQILAOZUODEKUAILE。

                      (二)鹤庆童谣的变迁

                      1. 社会变迁中民俗场消逝,童谣的语言环境被冲击

                    星云棋牌官网下载   SUIZHESHICHANGJINGJIDEXUNMENGFAZHAN,ZAIPOHUAIZIRANJINGJIDEQIANTIXIA,SHICHANGHUA、CHENGSHIHUADUIZHENGGERENLEIDESHENGCHANHESHENGHUOFANGSHICHANSHENGLEJUDADECHONGJI。HEQINGTONGYAOSHIJIANLIZAIZIRANJINGJIJICHUZHISHANGDEXIANGCUNSHEHUIDECHANWU,TASHIXIANGCUNSHEHUIZHONGZIFADEZIWEIDEJUYOUCHUANCHENGXINGZHIDEWENHUA,PUTONGDEMINZHONGDADUOMEIYOUTAIGAODEWENHUAXIUYANG,ZHEIZHONGWENHUADOUSHIMINZHONGWEILEZIWOYULEHEZIWOSHIXIANERCHANSHENGDE。

                      TONGYAODEYUYANDADUOPOSHIWUHUA,DAIYOUJIAOQIANGDEDIFANGHEMINZUSECAI,TIXIANLETONGYAOCHANSHENGDIWANGSHENGDESHENGMINGLIHEWENHUATEXING。DANSHIYOUYUXIANZAIERTONGSHENGHUOQINGJINGDEGAIBIAN,HENDUOHEQINGDANGDIDEHAIZIMENYIJINGBUHUINIANSONGBENDIDETONGYAOLE。ZAIFANGTANZHONG,YIBUFENZHENGZAISHANGCHUZHONGHEXIAOXUEDEXUESHENGYEFANYINGLEZHEIGEWENTI。ZAIDIAOYANDECUNLUOLI,YIXIEERTONGZAIXIXIWANNAO,DANSHITAMENZUODEYOUXI、NIANDEERGE,DOUSHIDONGHUAPIANLIDEHUOZHEZAIYOUERYUAN、XUEXIAOZHONGLAOSHIJIAOSHOUDE,ERNEIXIEYIZHILIUCHUANDETONGYAOQUEZHEIYANGMANMANDISHILUOLE。

                      2. 童谣的地域界限被打破

                      ZAICHUANTONGSHEHUI,YINWEISHIJIANHEKONGJIANDEJINMILIANXI,SHIDEWENHUADECHUANCHENGXINGHEYANXUXINGNENGHENHAODIJINXINGHEKAIZHAN。ERZAIXIANDAISHEHUIZHONG,YOUYUFADADEDAZHONGCHUANMEIDEJIERUHECHUANBO,SHIDEWENHUADECHOULIBUDUANDIBEIQIANGHUA。HEQINGDIQUWEIYUYUNNANSHENGXIBEIBU,DONGBINJINSHAJIANGYUYONGSHENGXIANXIANGWANG,NANYIJIZUSHANYUDALISHI、BINCHUANXIANJIAOJIE,XILIANMAERSHANYUJIANCHUANXIAN、ERYUANXIANJIERANG,BEIWANGYULONGXUEFENGYULIJIANGGUCHENGQUPILIAN。YOUYUYULIJIANGJIAOJIN,QIEJULIJICHANGYEHENJIN,HEQINGLONGTAN、CAOHAI、XINHUAYINCUNDOUCHENGWEIYOUKEZHONGYAODELVYOUJINGDIAN,HEQINGDETONGQI、MIGAOHEGELEIRUZHIPINYESHOUDAODAJIADEZANYU。ZAIZHEIYANGDEBEIJINGXIA,HEQINGDIQUYUANYOUDEDIYUWENHUADEJUXIANXINGBEIPOCHU,WENHUAYEZAIRIYIBUDUANDEPINGJUNHUAHETONGZHIHUA。TONGYAOSHIYIZHONGDUTEDEWENHUAXINGTAI,SHIYIFANGSHUITUYANGYIFANGRENDECHANWU,DANSHIYEZHENGSHIYOUYUZHEIZHONGDUTEXINGHEXIAZHAIDEDIYUXING,JIMINJIANWENHUADAILAILERUOSHIHUAHEXIQUEXING。

                      YOUYUQITAWENHUADECHONGJI,TONGYAOZAICHUANCHENGZHONGZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGDAPOLEDIYUDEJIEXIAN,RULIUCHUANZAIHEQINGCHENGJIAOXIANGDE《ZHANGDATIE,LIDATIE》,ZAIYUNNANDEQITADIFANGYELIUXING。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIRULIUCHUANYUHEQINGCHENGJIAOXIANGDE《DAPIANPIAN》:

                      DAPIANPIAN,

                      DOUFUHUANGHUANGJIAN。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   SHIFUBULAICHI,

                      TUDIJIULAIJIAN;

                      YIKUAITOUDADAOZAOMENQIAN,

                      KAIKAIYANLEIYOULAIJIAN。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   CHANTUDI,LANTUDI,

                    星云棋牌官网下载   DAKAIDAMENGUNCHUQU。[2](P162)

                      ZHEISHOUTONGYAOFANYINGLEJIUSHEHUIXIAOTUDIDEBEICANSHENGHUO,ZAIBIZHECONGXIAOZHANGDADEJIAXIANGYUNNANCHUXIONG,XIAOSHIHOUYETINGGUOZHEISHOUTONGYAO,ERQIEYINXIANGHAITEBIESHENKE,YIZHIYUXIANZAIDOUHAIJIDEBINGNENGWANZHENGNIANSONG。

                      3. 童年生活场景变化,童谣在儿童生活中逐渐隐退

                      ZAIXIANDAIKEXUEJISHUDETUIDONGXIA,DAZHONGWENHUADECHUANBOZHUJIANYOUWENZIZOUXIANGSHITINGHEWANGLUOHUA。SHITINGHEWENZIXIANGBIJIAO,JUYOUWENZIFUHAOBUNENGBINIDEYOUDIAN。YINWEIWENZIZUOWEIYIZHONGYUYANFUHAO,XUYAODANAODEDIERXINHAOXITONGJINXINGSHIBIE,BIXUJINGGUOJIESHOUZHEDANAODE“FANYI”,BIXUYOUJIESHOUZHEDEDANAOJINXINGZHONGXINBIANMACAINENGHUODEQICHUANDIDEXINXI;ERYINXIAO、HUAMIANDENGXINXI,BUXUYAOJIESHOUZHEDEDANAOZHONGXINBIANMAJIUKEYIHENHAODIJIANGXINXICHUANDICHUQU,SUOYISHITINGHEWANGLUOWENHUANENGRANGDAZHONGGENGHAO、GENGBIANLIDIJIESHOUDAOXIANGYINGDEXINXI。HEQINGDIQUDEERTONGZAIXUEXIAOHEJIATINGZHONGDOUZAIJIESHOUZHEDAZHONGWENHUADEXUNTAO,YIQIANJIATINGZHONGSHOUJIHEDIANSHI、DIANNAODENGDOUSHIXIQUEPIN,ERTONGDEYULESHIHEXIAOHUOBAN、FUMUXIXI,ZAINIANSONGTONGYAOZHONGGANSHOUKUAILE。ERXIANZAIMEIJIAMEIHUDOUYOUDIANSHI、SHOUJI,HAIZIMENDEYULEFANGSHI、XIUXIANFANGSHIYEBIANDEGENGJIADUOYUANHUA,JIAZHIHENDUOJIAZHANGMANGYULAOZUO,RENWEIRANGHAIZIKANDIANSHI、WANSHOUJIZIJIKEYIFANGXINZUOSHI,SUOYIHENDUOERTONGXIHUANKANDIANSHI,TINGBOFANGQILIDETONGYAO、ERGE,JIAZHANGMENYERENWEIZHEIYANGSHENGSHISHENGLI,HAIKEYIRANGERTONGYOUGENGDUOJIESHOUJIAOYUDEJIHUI。RUXIAOXIONGYOUBIDEZAOJIAOJI,LIMIANDECUNCHUKAYOUDALIANGDEERGEHETONGYAO。ZHEIZHONGZAOJIAOJICHONGDIANHEXIEDAIFANGBIAN,YICHENGWEIERTONGMENDEWANBAN。LINGWAI,GUANGBODIANSHIMEITIANXIAWUSHIDUANDOUHUIBOFANGDONGHUAPIAN,RUERTONGXIHUANDE《XIONGCHUMEI》《XIYANGYANGHEHUITAILANG》《XIAOGOUWANGWANGDUI》《BALABALAXIAOMOXIAN》……ZAIZHEIZHONGSHITINGWENHUADEQIANGSHICHONGJIXIA,TONGYAODEDIWEIYIJINGBEISHITINGHEWANGLUOWENHUAQUDAI,ERTONGBUZAIXIANGGUOQUCHANZHEFUBEI、ZUBEIMENNIANSONGTONGYAO、JIANGGUSHI,ERSHIXUANZEHEDIANSHI、SHOUJIZHANKAIHUDONG;ERTONGMENZAIYIQIDELEQUYEBUZAISHIYIQINIANSONG,ERSHIYIQIKANDIANSHI,BANYANDONGHUAPIANZHONGDERENWU,XIANGHUJIAOHUANZIJIGOUMAIDEWANJU,FENXIANGSHIWU,YULEHEYOUXIFANGSHIYIJINGFASHENGLEJIDADEGAIBIAN。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZAISHIDAIFAZHANDEHONGLIUZHONG,RENHEYIZHONGWENHUADOUBUKENENGGULICUNZAI,DOUSHIZAIBUDUANXIFUQITAMINZUDEYOUXIUWENHUA,FAZHANHECHONGSHIBENMINZUWENHUADEGUOCHENGZHONGBUDUANXIANGQIANFAZHANDE。HEQINGMINJIANWENHUASHIFAZHANHEQINGXIANJINWENHUACHUANTONGDEGENYUAN,XUYAOWOMENBUDUANDIJIAYIBAOHUHECHUANCHENG,ZAIDANGQIANJINGJIQUANQIUHUADESHIDAI,JIUGENGYINGGAIQIANGDIAOMINZUMINJIANWENHUADEJICHENGYUCHUANGXIN。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   CENGYOURENSHUO:“TONGYAOSHIYOUYUNDERUMU。”TONGYAOYIDUANXIAOZHENGQIDEXINGSHI,MINGBAIQIANXIAN、LANGLANGSHANGKOU,RANGYIDAIYOUYIDAIDEERTONGZAITONGYAOWENHUAZHONGDEYIZHUOZHUANGCHENGZHANG。HEQINGTONGYAODAIYOUZIJIDUTEDEWENHUAHEMINZUTESE,DANYOUYUSHENGHUOCHANGJINGDEGAIBIAN,XIANZAIDEERTONGYIBUNENGLIJIEHENDUOTONGYAODENEIRONG,ZAICHUANCHENGHEFAZHANZHONG,XUYAOCAIYONGDUOZHONGFANGSHIJINXING,RUJIATINGCHUANCHENG、XUEXIAOJIAOYUCHUANCHENG、LVYOUSHICHUANCHENG、WANGLUOBAOHUSHICHUANCHENGDENG。CONGDANGQIANDEZHONGDUOCHUANCHENGFANGSHILAIKAN,XUEXIAOJIAOYUCHUANCHENGSHIQIZHUYAODECHUANCHENGFANGSHI,YINCI,TANSUOHELIHEYOUXIAODECHUANCHENGFANGSHIYUFANGFA,CHONGFENLIYONGXUEXIAOCHUANCHENGDEYOUSHIHETEDIAN,RANGHEQINGTONGYAOCHUANCHENGXIAQU,RANGHEQINGDEWENHUAZAISHIDAIDEFAZHANZHONGXIANSHICHUQIANGDADEMEILIYUHUOLI。

                      参考文献

                      [1]王芳娟.地域文化传承视域下的幼儿园童谣阅读研究[D].济南:山东师范大学硕士学位论文,2019.
                      [2]张东向主编.白族民间童谣[M].昆明:云南大学出版社,1993.

                      徐跃飞.鹤庆童谣的分类及传承变迁研究[J].楚雄师范学院学报,2019,34(06):69-74.
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