星云棋牌官网下载

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                                        矿山地质测量中数字化测绘的优势与运用

                                        时间:2019-03-17 来源:当代化工研究 作者:范晓慧 本文字数:4421字

                                          摘    要: 随着我国经济的发展和社会的进步,我国的数字化测绘技术领域也在不断发展,但是我国的矿山地质资源也在逐渐变少,针对于此,想要充分缓和这种现象,需要相关部门不断提高对于相关矿地的管理。在矿山的地质测量工作中,需要充分利用土地的利用率,针对于此,就需要相关的单位在测量工作中投入较多的精力和时间,只有如此,才能够为数字化测绘技术的应用铺设一定的基础。这种数字化测绘技术不仅可以在矿山地质的测量中提高其应用效率,还可以为实际的测量工作带来一定的方便和收益,本文主要针对于数字化测绘技术在矿山地质测量中的应用展开一系列的讨论,并且提出合理化的建议,希望对我国数字化测绘技术的发展有一定的发展作用。

                                          关键词: 数字化测绘技术; 地质资源; 应用效率;

                                          Abstract:星云棋牌官网下载 With the development of economy and social progress in our country, the field of digital surveying and mapping technology in our country is also developing continuously. However, the geological resources of mines in China are also gradually decreasing. In order to alleviate this phenomenon, we need the relevant departments to improve the management of the relevant mines continuously. In the geological survey of mines, it is necessary to make full use of the utilization rate of land. In view of this, relevant units need to invest more energy and time in the survey work. Only in this way can we lay a certain foundation for the application of digital surveying and mapping technology. This kind of digital surveying and mapping technology can not only improve its application efficiency in mine geological survey, but also bring some convenience and benefit to actual surveying work. This paper mainly discusses the application of digital surveying and mapping technology in mine geological survey, and puts forward reasonable suggestions, hoping that it will play a certain role in the development of digital surveying and mapping technology in China.

                                          Keyword: 星云棋牌官网下载digital mapping technology; geological resources; application efficiency;

                                          引言

                                          CONGWOMENMUQIANSHUZIHUACEHUIZAIKUANGSHANDIZHICELIANGZHONGDEFAZHANXIANZHUANGKEYIDECHU,WOGUOMUQIANDESHUZIHUACEHUIJISHUHAIYOUYIDINGDEFAZHANKONGJIAN,XUYAOBUDUANTIGAOCEHUIJISHUDEZIDONGHUASHUIPING,CONGERCHONGFENTIGAOCEHUICHENGGUOXINXIYIJICHUCUNFANGSHI,DADAOYIDINGJIANYIDECEHUISHOUDUAN。ZHEIZHONGSHUZIHUACEHUIJISHUKEYIJIAOHAODIYINGYONGZAIKUANGSHANDIZHIDECELIANGGONGZUOZHONG,GENGWEIJIANDANMINGLEYIJICHAQUZIYOU,JIYUCIYEXUYAOJIANGGAIJISHUZAIKUANGSHANSHIJIDECELIANGZHONGDEDAOCHONGFENDEYINGYONG,CONGERTIGAOKUANGSHANSHUJUCEHUIDEJIANBIANXINGYIJIZHUNQUEXING。

                                          1. 矿山地质测量过程中数字化测绘技术的优点

                                          (1)精准度高

                                          在数字化测绘技术的过程中,其精准程度比起传统的手工绘图要高出很多,基于此,数字化的测绘技术能够体现出无法超越的优点。并且数字化测绘技术在对矿山进行测绘之前会充分采集测量物的数据信息,结合周围的实际情况进行一定的分析,并且在全站仪的现场对各个测量点进行三维坐标的采集,并且对测量的数据进行一定的储存。在进行数字化测图技术的应用过程中,需要对三百米范围内的所有物体进行测量,并且实际测量的物点误差不能够超过三毫米。还要保证测量误差的精度在毫米的范围内,有效的防治计算过程中出现的错误和误差,从而较好的防治测量的失败,提高整体的工作效率,与此同时,还可以降低在成图过程中的精度损失。针对于这种情况,还要预防其方向型上的误差,对于其展典型误差和视觉误差也要进行一定的优化和改善,从而能够保障数字化测绘技术在实际测量过程中的影响,有效的确保外业测量的精度,也能够保证测量结果的精准程度。
                                         

                                        矿山地质测量中数字化测绘的优势与运用
                                         

                                          (2)安全程度较高

                                          SHUZIHUACEHUIJISHUZAIYINGYONGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,QICAIYONGDESHEBEIXIANGDUILAISHUODOUJIAOWEIXIANJIN,SHEBEIDETIXINGYIJIZHONGLIANGDOUNENGGOUDADAOFANGBIANXIEDAIDESHUIPING,BINGQIEKEYIDUIGEZHONGTIANQIZHUANGKUANGJINXINGSHIYING,JIAOGAOCHENGDUDETIGAOLEDUIYUFUZADIXINGDECELIANGJISHU,DUIYUYIXIEJIAOWEIFUZADEDIXING,KEYIZIXINGDEJINXINGZHUNQUEDEJISUAN,CONGERYOUXIAODEBIMIANLECELIANGGONGZUORENYUANDEYIXIEANQUANSHIGU,BAOZHANGCELIANGGONGZUORENYUANDEANQUAN,JIANQINGLECELIANGRENYUANDEGONGZUORENWU,SUODUANLECELIANGGONGZUODESHIJIAN,TIGAOLEGONGZUODEXIAOLV,CONGERQUEBAOLECELIANGGONGZUODESHUNLIJINXING。SHUZIHUACEHUIJISHUHAIKEYIWEIYIXIEWEIXIANDIXINGTIGONGXIANGYINGDECEHUI,CONGERJIANXIAOGONGZUORENYUANDEGONGZUONANDU,WEIDIXINGDECEHUITIGONGYIZHONGANQUANKEKAODEFANGSHIHEFANGFA。

                                          (3)灵活性较好

                                        星云棋牌官网下载   ZAISHUZIHUACEHUIJISHUDESHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONG,XUYAODUIKUANGSHANGDESHIJIDIZHIJINXINGCELIANG,ZHEIJIUXUYAOXIANGGUANDESHIGONGRENYUANNENGGOUCHONGFENDELEJIEKUANGSHANZHOUWEIDESHIJIDIZHI,BINGQIEBASHIJISUOCEDEXINXIHESHUJUJINXINGFENLEIGUIZHENG,YEKEYIDECHUXIANGYINGDEJIEGOUSHUJU。ZHEIZHONGCELIANGFANGSHI,HAIKEYIDUIKUANGSHANDESHISHISHUJUJINXINGYIDINGDEGENGXIN,CONGERDUIKUANGSHANDIZHIDEXINXIJINXINGYIDINGDEJIANCE,KEYIJIAOHAODEBAOZHANGCELIANGXINXIDEZHENSHIXINGHEYOUXIAOXING。SHUZIHUACEHUIJISHUZAIYINGYONGDEGUOCHENGZHONGJUYOUYIDINGDELINGHUOXING,KEYIWEIDIXINGDECEHUITIGONGYIDINGDEJISHUZHICHIHEYINGYONGLINGHUODU,WEIQUANFANGWEIDEDIXIACEHUITIGONGLEYIDINGDEJISHUZHICHI。

                                          (4)数据直观性较好

                                        星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIKUANGSHANDIXINGDESHIJICEHUIGUOCHENGZHONG,XUYAOJIANGSUOYOUCEHUIDESHUJUZHIGUANDEBIAOXIANCHULAI,CONGERSHIDEXIANGGUANDECEHUIRENYUANNENGGOUDUIKUANGSHANDEZHENGTIDIXINGDIMAOJINXINGYIDINGDELEJIE,CONGERQUANMIANDELIJIECEHUIDUIXIANGDEXINGZHUANGTEZHENG,ZAISHIJIDECEHUIGUOCHENGZHONGHAIKEYIZHENDUIYUSHIJIDECEHUIHUITUJISHUJINXINGYIDINGDEYOUHUA。ZHEIZHONGCELIANGJISHUSHIDUICHUANTONGCELIANGFANGSHIDEYIZHONGDAGENGXIN,GAIBIANLECHUANTONGCEHUIFANGSHIDEFUZAXINGYIJIDUOZHONGXIANTIAO、FUHAO、SHUZI、WENZIDEXIANZHI,BAITUOLEZHIYOUZHUANYERENYUANCAINENGGOUKANDONGDEQUEXIAN,TIGAOLECELIANGJIEGUODEKEDUXING。

                                          (5)存储空间相对较大

                                          ZAISHUZICEHUIJISHUDEYINGYONGGUOCHENGZHONG,XUYAODUIKUANGSHANGDEZHENGTIJINXINGCELIANG,ZHEIZHONGGONGCHENGXIANGDUILAISHUOSHIBIJIAODADE,CHUANTONGDECEHUIFANGSHIHUIYOUJIAODADEGONGZUOLIANGYIJIZHANYONGJIAODADECUNCHUKONGJIAN,RANERSHUZICEHUIJISHUQICUNCHUKONGJIANXIANGDUIJIAODA,KEYITONGGUODUOZHONGFANGSHIDUICEHUICANSHUJINXINGCELIANG,DUIYUCEHUIDIQUDEDIXINGYENENGGOUJINXINGDUOJIAODUDECELIANG。ZHEIZHONGCEHUIFANGSHIYEBICHUANTONGDECELIANGFANGSHIJIANDANBIANJIEDEDUO,ZHEIZHONGCEHUIFANGSHIYENENGGOUYOULIYUSHUJUDEJILUHECHUCUN,JIANSHAOBINGQIEFANGZHILEHUITUGUOCHENGZHONGCHUXIANDEYIXIECHACUO,YEJIANSHAOLERENLI、WULIYIJICAILIDEZHICHU,CHONGFENTIGAOLECEHUIJISHUDESHIYONGXINGHEXIAOLV。

                                          (6)速度快、用时短

                                          SUIZHEXIANDAIHUASHUZIHUACETUJISHUDEFAZHAN,DUIYUKUANGSHANDIZHIDECELIANGXIAOLVYUELAIYUEGAO,DUIYUCELIANGSUODEDAODESHUJUDECHULINENGLIYEYUELAIYUEQIANG,ZHENDUIYUCI,ZHEIZHONGJISHUZAIJUTIDESHIGONGGUOCHENGZHONGDUIRUANJIANDEYAOQIUJIAOGAO,BUGUOTONGGUORUANJIANDEZHIJIEJISUAN,KEYIYOUXIAODEJIANSHAOGONGZUORENYUANDEGONGZUOLIANG,JINERSUODUANGONGCHENGCELIANGDESHIJIAN、CELIANGXIAOLVHEZHILIANG。

                                          2. 矿山地质测量中数字化测绘技术的具体应用

                                          (1)数字化测绘技术在矿山地质测量过程中的实际应用步骤

                                        星云棋牌官网下载   DIYIDIAN,XUYAOSHIYONGDAOQUANZHANYI,ZAISHIJIDECEHUIGONGZUOZHONG,XUYAOSHIYONGQUANZHANYIDUIGEGEKONGZHIDIANJINXINGSANWEIZUOBIAODEDINGDIAN、DINGBIAOYIJIXUANZHIJIANCHADENGGONGZUO,ZAISUOYOUGONGZUOZHUNBEIJIUXUZHIHOU,ZAILIYONGQUANZHANYIDECUNCHUGONGNENGDUICELIANGSUODEDAODESHUJUJINXINGCUNCHU,YUCITONGSHIHAIYAOHUIZHICAOTU,JILUBINGQIEGUANCHADIANBIAOHAOYIJIDIBIAOJIANZHU。CHUCIZHIWAI,HAIYAOJIANGQUANZHANYICELIANGJILUDESHUJUCHUANSHUDAOJISUANJISHANG,DUIYUXINXISHUJUDEGESHIHAIYAOCAIYONGCASSDESHUJUGESHI,YUNYONGRUANJIANJISHUFENXISUODEDESHUJUXINXI,ZAIFENXIJIESHUZHIHOUHAIYAOJINXINGCAOTUDEHUIHUA,GENJUXIANGGUANDEYAOQIUHESHEJIZHUNZEDUIDIBIAOJIANZHUJINXINGFENCENGHEBIANMA,CONGERGENJUHUIFANGWAIYETUDUIDIJITUBIAOJINXINGYIDINGDEYOUHUAHEGAISHAN,QUEBAOQIKEYIZHUNQUEDEFANYINGDIJIDEZHUYAOYUANSUHEQITAZHUYAOYUANSU。

                                          (2)数字化测绘技术在碎步测量中的应用

                                          SUIZHEDIGENCELIANGDEYINGYONG,ZAIDUIDIGENJINXINGCELIANGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,XUYAOCELIANGRENYUANHELIDESHIYONGRTKJISHU,ZHEIZHONGJISHUKEYIZAIJIAOWEIKAIKUODEBINGQIEPINGTANDEQUYUDUITUGENJINXINGHELIDEKONGZHI,RANHOUZAILIYONGGPSJISHUDUIGEGEDIANWEIJINXINGWUCHADEFENXIHEZHANGWO,CONGERFANGZHIJIANZHUWUGUODUODEWUCHAERDAOZHIYIXIEANQUANYINHUAN。ZHEIZHONGWUCHAHAIKEYICAIYONGSHUZIHUACAIJIDEFANGSHIDUIQIJINXINGGAISHAN,LIYONGCEJIEJINXINGCHEDIANDEGOUJIAN,CONGERDUIFENGBIDEQUYUJINXINGSHIJIDECELIANG,RANHOUZAILIYONGCELIANGDEDIXINGDIANLAIJINXINGQITADIXINGDECELIANG。ZAICHUQIDECELIANGGUOCHENGZHONG,WEILEFANGBIANHOUQIDEYIXIEDADIANCELIANG,XUYAOLIYONGYENEIDEYIXIESHUJUJINXINGHELIDEZHUANHUA,CONGERZAIYINGXIANGJIAOXIAODEQINGKUANGXIA,JIANSHAODIANDEFENSAN,TIGAOCELIANGDEJINGZHUNDUHEHUITUDEJIANYICHENGDU。DUIYUSHUJUDECHULIYEYAOJINXINGYIDINGDECAIJI,CELIANGRENYUANXUYAOJIANGXIANGGUANDESHUJUSHURUDAODIANNAONEI,ZAIJUTICELIANGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUYUYIQIYIJIDAOCHUSHUJUDEBUTONG,XUYAOJIANGCELIANGSUODEDESHUJUJINXINGYIDINGDEZHUANHUAN,JIANGQIQUANBUDIAOZHENGWEISCSGESHI,ZAIJINXINGYIDINGDETIANCHONG,ZUIHOULIANJIEWANCHENGZHENGGEDITU。BUJINRUCI,CELIANGRENYUANZAIGONGZUODEGUOCHENGZHONG,XUYAODUIXINXISHUJUJINXINGYIDINGDEGUANLI,DUIGEZHONGDIWUDEDADIANSHUNXUJINXINGHUITU,HUITUCHENGGONGZHIHOUYEKEYIYUWAIJINGJINXINGYIDINGDEDUIBI,DUIYUYIXIEWUCHAYEYAOJISHIDEJINXINGGAISHAN,CONGERBAOZHANGHUITUHESHIJIDEDIXINGQINGKUANGYIZHI。

                                          (3)外业测量精准度的控制

                                          WAIYEDEGONGZUORENYUANKEYILIYONGXIANGDUIJIAOWEIJINGZHUNDEKONGZHIFANGFA,CONGERTIGAOZHENGTIHUITUDEGONGZUOXIAOLVHEZHILIANG,YANGEDEKONGZHICELIANGZHANNEIDEZHUANYICISHU。ZAIMEIYOUTESHUQINGKUANGXIA,BUNENGCHAOGUOSANCIDEZHUANYICISHU,BINGQIEZAISUIBUCELIANGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,CELIANGRENYUANXUYAOYANGEDEANZHAOXIANGGUANDEBIAOZHUNJINXINGHELIDEYINGYONG,CONGERTIGAOZHENGTIHUITUCEHUIDEJINGZHUNCHENGDU。ZAIZUIHOU,XUYAOCONGZHIGAODIANCHUFA,ZAINEIBUJINXINGDASANDIANDEFANGFAJINXINGCELIANG,YUCITONGSHI,HAIKEYICAIYONGZHANGLIANGFAJINXINGZUIHOUYICIDECELIANG,CONGERQUEBAOCELIANGJIEGOUDEGAODUJINGZHUNCHENGDU。

                                          (4)矿山地质变形测量中应用数字化测绘技术

                                          ZAIKUANGSHANDEDIZHIKANCEDEGUOCHENGZHONG,XIANGYAOCONGYUANTOUSHANGTIGAODUIYUQIGUANLIDESHIXIAOXING,JIUXUYAOBUDUANTIGAOZIYUANDEZHENGHEXIAOLV,JIANGSUOYOUDEJISHUYAODIANJINXINGJIZHONGCHULI,CONGERQIESHIDETIGAOJISHUYUNWEIGUANLIJIZHI。YAOXIANGQUANMIANDESHOUJIBIANXINGCELIANGSHUJU,HAIYAODUIKUANGSHANGDEYIXIEKANCEQUYUJINXINGYIDINGDEZONGHEDIAOCHA,DUIYUCHUANTONGCELIANGGUOCHENGZHONGCUNZAIDEYIXIEWENTI,HAIKEYIJINXINGJISHUSHANGDETUPO,CONGERDADAOSHIBANGONGBEIDEXIAOGUO。ZAIZHIQIANJIAOWEICHUANTONGDECELIANGFANGSHIGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHUYAOSHIJIEZHUWULIXUECHUANGANQIYIJICHANGGUIHUADEDADICELIANGJIZHI,ZHEIXIECHULIFANGSHIZAICHULIDEGUOCHENGZHONGDOUCUNZAIYIDINGDEQUEXIAN,RANERSHUZIHUACEHUIDEJISHU,JIUKEYIJIAOHAODETIGAODUIYUDIXINGBIANLIANGDECELIANGHEJIZHONGFENXI。ZAIJUTIDECELIANGGUOCHENGZHONG,DUIZHUNDONGTAITEZHENGJINXINGYIDINGDECELIANG,ZHIHOUZAILIYONGCHAFENDONGTAIDINGWEICELIANGGONGXUJINXINGXIANGYINGDECHULI,YOUXIAODEJIEHEKONGZHIZILIAOCONGERDUIQUANGUOCHENGJINXINGYIDINGDEFENXI。

                                          3. 结束语

                                        星云棋牌官网下载   GENJUBENWENDELUNSHUKEYIDECHU,ZHENDUIYUWOGUOMUQIANSHUZIHUACEHUIJISHUZAIKUANGSHANDIZHICELIANGYINGYONGHAIYOUYIDINGDEJINBUKONGJIAN,XUYAOXIANGGUANDEBUMENBUDUANTIGAODUIYUXIANGGUANKEXUEJISHUDEYANJIU,CONGERWEIWOGUOSHUZIHUACEHUIJISHUDEFAZHANYOUYIDINGDEBANGZHUZUOYONG。ZAIDUIYUSHUZIHUACEHUIJISHUJINXINGGENGXINDEGUOCHENGZHONG,HAIXUYAOJIAQIANGXIANGYINGDEJIANGUAN,CONGERWEISHUZIHUAJISHUDEYINGYONGDIANDINGYIDINGDEJICHU。

                                          参考文献

                                          [1]魏娜.数字化测绘技术在矿山地质工程中的应用[J/OL].世界有色金属,2019(04):32-33[2018-06-03].http://219.216.227.196:9020/kcms/detail/11.2472.TF.20190523.1644.034.html.
                                          [2]付博.数字化测绘技术在矿山地质测量中的应用研究[J].世界有色金属,2019(03):25-26.
                                          [3]向院.新型数字化测绘技术在矿山地质工程测量中的应用分析[J].建材与装饰,2019(10):225.
                                          [4]付帅.新型数字化测绘技术在矿山地质工程测量中的应用研究[J].世界有色金属,2018(22):21+23.
                                          [5]龚珺.矿山地质测量中数字化测绘技术的应用[J].世界有色金属,2018(16):29-30.
                                          [6]崔茜.基于GIS技术在矿山测量中的应用研究[J].四川水泥,2018(10):149.

                                          范晓慧.数字化测绘技术在矿山地质测量中的应用研究[J].当代化工研究,2020(03):60-61.
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