星云棋牌官网下载

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                                学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 历史论文 > 中国古代史论文

                                鲤鱼的养殖历史、价值及文化意愿

                                时间:2019-03-12 来源:农业考古 作者:高莉莉,惠富平 本文字数:11612字

                                  摘    要: 鲤鱼是我国养殖历史最悠久的淡水鱼之一,殷商时开始池塘养鲤,至唐一直是池塘养殖的主角,唐之后地位被四大家鱼所取代,养殖地位不如以前。几千年来鲤鱼的应用价值被发挥到最大化,从烹制美味佳肴,到制成滋补药品,演变为赏玩之物。在养殖与利用过程中,鲤鱼的文化内涵不断丰富,从原始社会起就被视为吉祥如意、飞黄腾达的象征,唐时代表着权力与地位,与典章制度挂钩,后在文学作品中用以寄托相思,将鲤鱼同亲情、爱情、友情联系在一起。

                                  关键词:星云棋牌官网下载 鲤鱼; 养殖历史; 利用历史; 文化意蕴;

                                  Abstract:星云棋牌官网下载 The carp is the oldest freshwater fish in China. Since the Shang Dynasty, it had been cultivated in ponds as the main fish of ponds. Till the Tang Dynasty, it was replaced by four major fishes and the prospects were not as good as before. For thousands of years, the application value of carps has been maximized, ranging from delicious food, tonic drugs to visual enjoyment. In the process of cultivation and utilization, the cultural connotation of carps has been continuously enriched. Since the primitive society, the carp has been regarded as a symbol of good luck and prosperity. In the Tang Dynasty,it represented power and status, linked with laws and institutions, and later it was used in literary works to express lovesickness, standing for kinship, love and friendship.

                                  Keyword:星云棋牌官网下载 carp; breeding history; utilization history; cultural implication;

                                星云棋牌官网下载   LIYU,XUEMINGCyprinus carpio,ZHONGWENMINGYOULIGUAIZI、LIZI、MAOZIDENG,YUANCHANZHONGGUO,HUANJINGSHIYINGXINGQIANG,NANBEIJIEYOUFENBU。YINJUYOUFEICHANGHAODESHILIAOXIAOGUO,TADESHIYONGJIAZHIYIZHIBEIRENMENSUOGUANZHU,《SHIJING·XIAOYA·LIUYUE》JIZAI:“YINYUZHUYOU,PAOBIEKUAILI。”[1](P360)SHUOMINGLIYUZHICHIZAIXIANQINSHIQIJIUBEIRENMENDANGCHENGXISHANGJIAYAO。CHAYUEZILIAOHUIFAXIAN,YOUGUANLIYUDEZHUANZHEYUWENXIANDADUOJIZHONGYUTADEWENHUANEIHAN、XIANDAIYANGZHIJISHUYUYINGYANGCHENGFEN,TANTAOGUDAILIYUYANGZHILISHIYULIYONGJIAZHIDEYANJIUCHENGGUOSHENSHISHAOJIAN。YINCI,BENWENZAIDALIANGSHOUJISHILIAODEJICHUSHANG,TANJIULIYUZAIGUDAIDEYANGZHIYUFAZHANLIYONGSHI,YIBIANRENMENZAISHENRULEJIELIYULISHIDEJICHUSHANG,GENGHAODILIYONGLIYU,CHONGSHANGLIYUWENHUA。

                                  一、鲤鱼的养殖历史

                                  LIYUSHENGZHANGKUAI,FANYANNENGLIQIANG,FENBUGUANGFAN,BULUNSHIZAIJIANGHEHUBO,HAISHISHUIKUCHIZHAODOUKECUNHUO。WANQIANGDESHENGMINGLISHITACHENGWEISHIJIESHANGYANGZHILISHIZUIYOUJIUDEYULEIZHIYI,YECHENGWEIWOGUOYANGZHIZUIZAO、ZUIGUANGFANDEYUZHONG。GUDAILIYUYANGZHIZUIZAODEWENXIANJIZAIYINGSHI《SHIJING·DAYA·LINGTAI》ZHONGDE“WANGZAILINGZHAO,WURENYUYUE”[1](P495)。YIWEIZHOUWENWANGCENGZAOCHIYANGYU,GENJUCHIZHONGSUOYANGDEYUCHANZHANCAOXINGLUAN,KEYUJINGSHUIZIXINGCHANLUANFANZHIDENGXIXING,TUICEGAISHIZHONGSUOSHUODESHILIYU。JUCIKEGUJIZHICHIDAOGONGYUANQIAN12SHIJIDEYINSHANGSHIDAIRENMENYIKAIQICHITANGYANGZHILIYUDELISHI。ZICI,WOGUOZHUJIANXINGCHENGYIXIANGYILIWEIYANGZHIDUIXIANGDECHITANGYANGYUYE。YANGLIYELIJINGZHANGUO、QINHAN、WEIJINNANBEICHAO、SUICHAO,ZHIZHITANGDAISHOUDAOZUAI,LIYUZHUANYANGDEJUMIANBEIDAPO,CAO、QING、LIAN、YONGSIDAJIAYUDEYANGZHIXINGQI,YINERTANGYIQIANDECHITANGYANGYUYEJIBENKEDENGTONGYUCHITANGYANGLIYE。

                                  LIYUYANGZHIDEFAZHANSHISHANGZUIWEIRENJINJINLEDAODEYINGSHIZHANGUOSHIQIYUEGUODAFUFANLIDUICHITANGYANGLIDETUICHONG,FANLIZAIQISUOZHEDE《YANGYUJING》ZHONGXIANGXIZONGJIELEDANGSHIYANGZHILIYUDEJINGYAN,SHEJIYUZHONGDEXUANZE、XIONGCILIYUDEDAPEIBILI、YUCHIDEJIANZAO、DAILAIDELIYIDENGGEFANGMIAN。JIANZAOYUCHIYAOZHUYI“YILIUMUDIWEICHI”,“CHIZHONGJIUZHOUBAGU,GUSHANGLISHUIERCHI。YOUGUZHONGLISHUILIUCHI”[2](P460),KAIZAOCHU6MUDIDAXIAODEYUCHI,CHIZHONGWACHUYIXIETUDUNHEGOUGU,TUDUNLISHUIMIAN30LIMI,GOUDILISHUIMIANSHENYUE1MI,YUERXIANGZAIDAZIRANZHONGYIYANGAOYOU,BUHUIXIANGHUCANSHI,YOURONGYISHENGZHANG。XUANZEZHANGYUE3CHIDEHUAIZICILIYU20TOUYIJIZHANGYUE3CHIDEXIONGLIYU4TOU,ZAIERYUESHANGGENGRIZHEIYITIANBAOCHICHITANGWUSHUISHENG,YINGZAOANJINGDEHUANJINGRANGYUERZHENGCHANGJIAOPEISHENGCHAN。WEIBAOZHENGLIYUDEFANYANSHULIANGYUJIANKANGSHENGZHANG,HUIZAI“SIYUENEIYISHENSHOU,LIUYUENEIERSHENSHOU,BAYUENEI3SHENSHOU”[2](P460),JIZAIBAGEYUENEIFANGSANZHIBIEDAOCHITANGZHONG,YUNHANYUBIEHUNYANGDEHAOCHU。DIERNIANJIUKESHOUHUOLIYU“ZHANGYICHIZHEYIWANWUQIANMEI,SANCHIZHESIWANWUQIANMEI,ERCHIZHEWANMEI”[2](P460)。1TIAOYUJIAZHI50QIAN,ZONGGONGKEDE125WANQIAN。DISANNIANKEDE525WANQIAN,DISINIANDEJIAZHIZEBUKEGULIANG。YANGLIJINGJIXIAOYIDE“BUKESHENGJI”,DUIYANGLIYEDEFAZHANQIDAOCUJINZUOYONG。

                                  秦汉时期养鲤业不断得到扩大与改进,至汉代养鱼业已非常繁荣,上至皇亲贵族利用苑圃池沼养鲤,下至民间百姓利用陂塘养鲤。《西京杂记》曰:“昆明池中后作豫章大船,可载万人,上起宫室,因欲游戏,养鱼以给诸陵祭祀,余付长安尉。”[3](卷一P3)讲的是汉武帝曾在昆明池养鱼的事。《三辅黄图》对昆明池的注解为:“北苑有昆明池,周匝四十里。”[4](卷四P22)昆明池占地方圆40里,鱼池的面积之大、产量之高可以想见。又《史记·货殖列传》载:“水居千石鱼陂。”[5](P341)鱼塘年产鱼1000石的人,收入可与千户侯相等,这些大面积养殖鲤鱼的文献资料,说明汉代已发展出具有一定规模的生产性的养鲤业。
                                 

                                鲤鱼的养殖历史、价值及文化意愿
                                 

                                星云棋牌官网下载   HANDAIMINJIANZIJIZIZUDESIRENYANGLIYEZAIFAZHAN。《YUHUBING》ZAI,HANSHIZHONGXIYUZAIXIANSHANNAN,GENJUFANLISUOMIAOSHUDEYANGYUFAJIANZAOCHITANG,YANGZHILIYU,BINGZAIYUCHIPANGZHONGZHIZHUZI、ZHANGQIU、FURONGDENGSHUISHENGSHENGWUYONGYIMEIHUAYUCHIHUANJING。HANDAIRENYANGYUBUJINGUANZHUYUDECHANLIANG,HAIZHUZHONGWEICHIYUCHIZHENGTIDESHENGTAIXITONG,SHIYONGYUMEIGUANBINGZHONG。

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                                  GUDAIZHUANYANGLIYUJUMIANYANXUDAOTANGDAIBEIDAPO,TANGDAIYANGLIYESHOUDAOCHONGJI。TANGWANGCHAOYIN“LI”YU“LI”TONGYIN,JIANGLIYUSHIWEIGUOYU,CENGYICHAOTINGTIAOLINGDEXINGSHIXIAZHAO“JINDUANTIANXIACAIBULIYU”,GUIDINGDUILIYUYAOCHENG“CHIXUNGONG”,YANJINBUSHI;RUOOURANBUHUO,BIXULIJIFANGHUISHUIZHONG;CHUSHOUZHEDA60DABAN。CHAOTINGDEMINGLINGJINZHI,DAOZHICHITANGYANGLIYEFAZHANSHOUDAOZUAI,BAIXINGWEIWEICHISHENGJI,JIANGYANGZHIDUIXIANGZHUANXIANGQITAYUZHONG,CAO、QING、LIAN、YONGSIDAYUZHONGCHENGWEICHITANGYANGZHIDEZHUJIAO,TANGZHIHOULIYUYANGZHIDESHITOUSUIYOUSUOHUIFU,DANSHIZHONGQUJUSIDAJIAYUZHIXIA,TANGZHIQIANCHENGBACHITANGDEFENGTOUYIQUBUFUFAN。ZHIDEYITIDESHI,CHUYUGAOYAZHENGCEXIADETANGDAIYANGLIYEBINGMEIYOUTINGZHIBUQIAN,YEDEDAOYIDINGDEFAZHAN,RUCHUXIANDUILIYUDERENGONGTOUERJISHU,JISHIBIQIANDAIDEJINBUZHICHU。

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                                  MINGCHAODE《NONGPUSISHU》XIANHUIGULE《QIMINYAOSHU》ZHONGJIZAIDEYUZHONGGUFA:“JUQIUHUAIZILIYU,NAZHICHIZHONG,DANZIHANYU”[7](P1639);HUOZAISHENGCHANDAYUDEHUGOUGANGCHA,WAQUDALIANGKAOJINSHUIBIANDEYUNI,PUDIANZAIYUCHIDIBU,“ERNIANZHINEI,JISHENGDAYU”。HOUJILUMINGCHAODEHUOQUYUZHONGFA,JIYURENCHENDAJIANGZHANGCHAOSHIYONGWANGBUZHI。GANGBUZHUOSHANGLAISHI,RUZHENMANGBANXIXIAO。“NAISIZHIYIJIYAZHILUANHUANG,HUODAMAIZHIFUXIE,HUOCHAODADOUZHIMO”[7](JUANQIYIP1639),SHAODAYIXIEJIUMAIJIYANGYUZHIJIAZUOWEIYUZHONG。MINGDAIYUZHONGFANMAIYIJINGFAZHANCHENGWEIYIZHONGCHANYE,RENMENZHIXUGOUMAIYUZHONGJIKE,XIANGBIYUGUFA,SHENGSHIYOUSHENGLI,FANYINGCHUDANGSHIYANGYUYEDEFADAYUFANRONG。HUANGCENGSHENGZAIWENZHONGYOUZONGJIECHURUOGANZAOCHIYANGYUDEJINGYANZHITAN,TAZHICHU,ZAIYUCHIZHONGOUMA、YUWUSHIGEFEN、YUFANFUSHIQIZIFENDOUSHIYINQIFANTANGDEYUANYIN;ZAICHITANGSIZHOUZHONGFURONG,KEYIPISHUITA;XUDINGSHI、DINGDIANTOUWEIYUERDENG,DOUJUYOUSHIJIYINGYONGYIYI。

                                  二、鲤鱼的食用价值

                                  (一)鲤鱼菜肴

                                  LIYUROUZHIXINENXIANMEI,ROUWEICHUNZHENG,SHIRENMENRICHANGXIAISHIYONGDESHUICHANPIN。ZHOUDAISHI,LIYUYICHENGWEIZUIMINGGUIDESHIPINZHIYI,《SHIJING·CHENFENG·HENGMEN》YOU“QIQIQUQI,BIQIZHIJIANG?QIQISHIYU,BIHEZHILI”[1](P283)ZHISHUO,SHIRENRENWEIQUQIDANGQUQIGUODEJIANGXINGNVZI(JIANGXINGZAIQIGUOSHITONGZHIZHEHEGUIZU),CHIYUDANGCHIYUZHONGWEIMEIZHELIYU。《XIAOYA·LIUYUE》JIZAI:“YINYUZHUYOU,PAOBIEKUAILI。HOUSHEIZAIYI?ZHANGZHONGXIAOYOU。”[1](P306)LIYUCHUXIANZAIDAZHANHUOSHENG,YANQINGZHUHOUDEGUOYANSHANG,ZHEIXIEDOUTIXIANLELIYUDEMEIWEIYUMINGGUI。SUIZHEYANGLIYEDEFAZHAN,LIYUBEIDUANSHANGPINGCHANGBAIXINGJIADECANZHUO,QINLAOZHIHUIDEGUDAILAODONGRENMINCHUANGZAOCHUHONGSHAO、QINGZHENG、TANGCUDENGWUHUABAMENDELIYUPENGDIAOJIYI,BUJINMANZULERENMENDEKOUFUZHIYU,GENGDADAFENGFULEZHONGHUAYINSHIWENHUA。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIHENAN、SHANDONGDENGDI,TANGCUHUANGHELIYU、HONGSHAOHUANGHELIYUBEIDANGDIRENZUNWEIMINGCAIZHISHOU,ERHUANGHELIYUDEZHENGUIYUWEIMEIZAOYIBEIGURENFAJUE,《LUOYANGJIALANJI》ZHONGDE“LUOLIYIFANG,GUIYUNIUYANG”[8](P161)YU《QINGBAILEICHAO》ZHONGDE“HUANGHEZHILISHENJIA,YIKAIFENGWEIZUI,GANXIANFEIMEI,KECHENGZHENPIN”[9](P6469),DOUBIAODACHUDUIHUANGHELIYUDEZANMEIZHIQING。QINGDAI《DIAODINGJI》ZHONGZAIYOUYITIAOHONGSHAOLIYUDESHIPU:“JIANGLIDAZHE,QIEKUAILVEATOU,RUTIANJIANG、JIU、JIANG、CONGHONGSHAO。”[10](P356)LIAOLIAOSHUZISUIBUBIRUJINDESHIPUXIANGXI,DANYEDAZHIJIANGHONGSHAOLIYUDEZUOFAYUSHICAIJIANDANGOULECHULAI。

                                  TANGCULIUYUBEIMIANTONGYANGSHILISHIYOUJIUDEYIDAOJIAYAO,CHUANSHUOYOUZHAOKUANGYINFAMING,YOUTANGCULIUYUHEBEIMIANLIANGDAOMINGCAIPEIZHIERCHENG。GUANYUTANGCULIUYU,《DONGJINGMENGHUALU》MINGYAN,QIZAIBEISONGSHIQIDEDONGJINGSHICHANGYILIUXING。BEIMIANKAISHICHENGWEILONGXUMIAN,JU《RUMENGLU》ZAI,MINGDAIKAIFENGMEIFENGNONGLIERYUECHUER“LONGTAITOU”ZHIRI,“YANKECHILONGXUMIAN,JIELISONGMIAN”[11](P85)。HOUBUDUANGAIJIN,MIANGUOYOUZHAJIAO,SHIQIPENGSONGSUCUI,XIZHIHOU,PEICAIYAOTONGSHI,GUCHENG“BEIMIAN”。TANGCULIUYUBEIMIANYIHUANGHELIYUWEISHANGPIN,XIANRUREYOUGUOZHATOU,RANHOUYISHILIANGBAITANG、CU、JIANGMO、YANDIAOWEI,JIARUKAISHUIGOUCHENGQIAN,YONGWANGHUOREYOUHONGZHI,ZHIYOUHETANGCUZHIQUANBURONGHE,FANGJINZHAYU,POSHANGQIANZHI,JIANGYUDAIZHIZHUANGPAN。HOUZUOBEIMIAN:XIAOMAIFENHECHENGMIANTUAN,FAJINSHICUOCHENGZHANGTIAO,DOUDONGZHIROURUAN,MIANTUANFENJIECHENGRUOGANKUAIBANYUANXINGXIAOMIANTUAN,CHENCHENGXIRUFASIDEMIANTIAO,FANGRUYOUGUOZHACHENGJINHUANG,GAIZAITANGCULIUYUZHISHANG,CAIYAOWANCHENG。

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                                  (二)鲤鱼的特殊制法

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                                星云棋牌官网下载   LIYUKUAI。LIYUKUAISHIJISHANGSHIZHANZHECONGHUOJIEMOSHENGCHIDELIYUROUSI。YONGLAIZHIKUAIDEYULEIHENDUO,LIYUSHIYONGDEZUIZAO,XIANQINSHIQIJIUYICHUXIAN,ZUOWEIZHENGUIDECAIYAO,ZHIYONGYUZHONGYAOCHANGHEHERENWU。HANWEILIUCHAOSHIQI,RENMENPUBIANSHIYONGLIYUKUAI。DONGHANXINYANNIANDE《YULINLANG》YUN:“JIUWOQIUZHENYAO,JINPANKUAILIYU。”[15](JUANYIP16)MIAOXIEDESHIXIHANHUOGUANGDEJIANUDIAOXIJIUJIANVBEIYANCIJUJUEDESHI。KEZHI,ZHICHIZAIDONGHANLIYUKUAIYIZAIMINJIANJIUGUANCHUXIAN,BUZAISHIHUANGQINGUIZUDUXIANGDEZHENXIU。TANGRENXISHIYUKUAI,YINERGEWAIZHUZHONGZHIKUAIDEJIAGONGJISHU,《YOUYANGZAZU》ZHONGDUIKUAIFAJINXINGLEZHUANMENJIESHAO:“KUAIFA,LIYICHI,JIBACUN,QUPAINIZHIYU,JIYUANTIANROUSAIHOUQIQIAN,YONGFUYUSHIDAO,YIYONGYUNAO,JIENENGLINGKUAILVBUZHEDAO。”[16](P315)RENWEI1CHIZHANGDELIYUHUO8CUNZHANGDEJIYUSHIZUOKUAIDESHOUXUANCAILIAO,ZHIKUAIXUYAOFENGLIDEDAOJUYUGAOCHAODEDAOFA。MINGQINGSHIQI,YOUYUSHICAIDEFENGFUHEPENGRENFANGSHIDUOYANGHUA,CUSHIRENMENJIANJIANSHEQILEJIAGONGBIJIAOMAFANDEYUKUAIZHEIZHONGSHIYUFANGSHI,SHENGCHIYUKUAIDEYINSHIXIGUANZOUXIANGMEILUO,SHILIAOZHONGHANYOUJIZAI。

                                  表1 史料所载部分鲤鱼菜品
                                表1 史料所载部分鲤鱼菜品

                                星云棋牌官网下载   LIYUZHA。YUZHAJIYIZHONGJIANGYUAZHIFAJIAO,BIANYUBAOCUNDEJIAGONGFANGSHI。LIUXIZAI《SHIMING》MINGQUEZHICHU,YANHEMISHIZHIZUOYUZHADEBIBEIFULIAO:“YIYANMINIANGZHIRUJU,SHUERSHIZHIYE。”[17](JUANSIP403)JIASIXIEZAI《QIMINYAOSHU·ZUOYUZHA》ZHONGYOUXIANGXIJIAODAILELIYUZHADEAZHIFANGFA:“FANZUOZHA,CHUNQIUWEISHI,DONGXIABUJIA。”[2](P573)KAIPIANSHOUJUQINGCHUDIJIAODAILEZHIZUOYUZHADESHIYISHIJIAN,HOUMIANJIZAIJUTICAOZUOFANGFA:JIANGXINXIANDELIYUQULIN,QIECHENGZHANG2CUN,KUAN1CUN,HOU5FENDEYUROUPIAN(LUAN),“SHOUZHIZHEPENSHUIZHONG,JINXI,QUXUE”,DUOCIXIJINGHOU,LISHUIFANGRUPANZHONG,YONGBAIYANA。SHENGRULONGZHONG,FANGZAIPINGSHIBANSHANG,LVQUSHUI,JIARUZHUYU、JUPI、HAOJIU,YUYUROUPIANBANYUN,YIYIXINGYU,YIXINGSAN(JINGMIFAN)DEFANGSHIJIANGYUFANGRUWENGZHONG,WENGMANWEIZHI。YONGZHUZIJIANGWENGKOUFENGZHU,FANGZAIWUZHONG。ZHIZHIWEISUANDEBAIJIANGLIUCHU,BIANZHIZUOCHENGGONG。JIASHIZAIWENZHONGTEBIEQIANGDIAOLEYIXIEYINGXIANGYUZHAZHILIANGDEXIJIE,RUZHUYIROUPIAN、ZUOHAOQINGXIYULISHUIGONGZUO、YONGSHOUSIKOUGANGENGJIADENG。ZHEIDUANHUAJIFANYINGCHUGURENZHIZUOLIYUZHACHENGXUDEYANJIN,YOUCONGCEMIANSHUOMINGLEWEIJINSHIRENDUIAZHILIYUZHADESHULIAN。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   LIYUDONG。DONG,SHILIYONGHANYOUJIAOZHIDEYUANLIAOJINGJIARERONGHUAHOULENGNINGERCHENGDEZHIZUOFANGFA,YINYANSEJINGYINGTITOU,YOUYOU“SHUIJINGDONG”ZHICHENG。SONGDAI,LIYUDONGCHUXIANZAIDALIANGWENXIANJIZAIZHONG,YOUSANSESHUIJINGSI、DONGSANSEZHI、DONGSHISHOU、DONGSANXIAN、SHUIJINGKUAIDENGDONGZHICAIPIN。YUANDAIDE《JUJIABIYONGSHILEIQUANJI》ZHONGZAIYOUSHUIJINGKUAIDEXIANGXIZHIZUOFANGFA:SHUIJINGKUAIKEYOULIYUPI、LINZHICHENG,ZHUNBEISHILIANGLIYUPI、LIYULIN,XIANFANGRUSHAPENNEICAXI,ZAIHUANSHUIZHUOXIGANJING。YUEMOZHEANBILITIANSHUI,JIACONG、JIAO、CHENPIAOZHICHOUNIAN,“YIMIANLVJING,RUBIAOSHAOXU,ZAIAOZAILV,HOUNINGJICHENG。KUAILVQIE,YONGJIUHUANG、SHENGCAI、MUXI、YAZI、SUNSICUPAN,JIELACUJIAO”[13]。LIYONGLIYUPI、LINZHONGHANYOUDEJIAOYUANDANBAIZHI,JIAREFANGLIANGHOULENGNINGERCHENG,WAIGUANQINGXIN,KOUGANQINGSHUANG,XIAJISHIJIESHENSHOURENMENDEHUANYING。YUANMOHANYIYOUJILULEYIDAO“DAIDONGJIANGCUYU”[18](P20),YISHIJIANGYULINAOZHUZHIRONGHUA,LENGQUECHENGDONGZHUANG,ZAIYULIYUROUBANSHI。LINGKEYONGLIYUSHUIJINGKUAIWEIYUANLIAO,FUZHIQITAYOUYANSEDECAILIAO,ZHICHENGGENGJUTESEDESANSESHUIJINGSI。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   LIYUZAO。YONGZAOZHIZUOSHIWUSHIJINIANGJIUJISHUFAMINGHOUCHUXIANDEYIZHONGSHIPINJIAGONGFA。ZAO,YUANZHIWEILUQINGDEDAIZIDEJIU,HOUZHIDAIJIUZHA,YINERLIYUZAOJIBENYOUJIUZAOZHIZUOERCHENG。JINCHAOJIANGNANSHUIXIANGYIJIANGZAOAXIEZUOWEIGONGPINJINXIANJICHAOTING,KETUICEDANGSHIZAOYUYEYICHUXIAN。LIYUZAODEZHIZUOBUZHOUZAIYUANMINGQINGSHIQIWENSHIDEYINSHISHUJIZHONGCUNYOUDUOCHUJIZAI,QINGDAIDEPENGRENZHUANSHU《DIAODINGJI》DUIZAOLIYUDEZUOFAJIESHAOZUIWEIXIANGXI:JIANGLIYUPOUKAI,YIMEIYUROU1JINYUEYONGYAN2~3LIANGDEBILIA2RI,CHUQUYUCHIYUTOUWEI,BAYUSHAIZHIBANGAN,QIECHENG4KUAIHUO8KUAI(ROUHOUCHUZAIPOUKAI)。QUSHIXIANZUOHAODECHENZAO,MEIYICENGYU,GAIYICENGZAO,SHANGJIAZHENGLIHUAJIAO,ANFANGZAITANNEI,RUZAOZHIJIAOSHAO,KEQUHAOTIANJIUZHUOLIANGFANGRU,NIFENGTANKOU,40RIHOUZAOYUJICHENG[10](P358)。SHIYONGSHILIANYUDAIZAOYIBINGQUCHU,YONGZHIYOUDINGBANHAO,FANGRUWANZHONGZHENGSHI。RUOXIANSISHIRITAIJIU,XIANGZAORICHIDAOZAOYU,KECHANGSHISHUZHONGDE“QINGKEZAOYU”[10](P359):JIANGAYUHUOXIANYUFANGRUGANSHUIJINPAO,HOUSHAIZHILVEGAN,ZAIYUYANGTANGYIQIFANGRUSHAOJIUZHONGJINPAOPIANKE,KEKUAISUZAOTOU。MINGQINGSHIQI,ZAOZHIDEJIYAYUROUKUAIZHIRENKOU,REXIAOSHANGPINSHICHANG。

                                  三、鲤鱼的药用及观赏价值

                                  (一)药用价值

                                星云棋牌官网下载   GURENBUJINBALIYUDANGZUOBAOFUZHIWU,HAIBATASHIWEIYINGYANGPIN,ZUOZIBUYAOYONG。XIANDAIYIXUEYANJIUBIAOMINGLIYUHANYOUZHILIANGHENGAODEDANBAIZHI,NENGGONGJIRENTIBIXUDEANJISUAN、KUANGWUZHI、WEISHENGSUA、WEISHENGSUDDENGYUANSU,YINGYANGJIAZHIFENGFU,YOUBUPIJIANWEI、LISHUIXIAOZHONG、TONGRU、QINGREJIEDU、ZHISOUXIAQIDEXIAOYONG,GURENHENZAORENSHIDAOLIYUDELIAOYANGJIAZHI,CHANGYISHILIAODEFANGSHIFANGBING、ZHIBINGYUYANGSHENG。

                                  YIYAODIANJIHEYINSHIZHEZUODUIHANYOULIYUDEYAOFANGJISHIPUDUOYOUZHEBI。TANGDAIMINGYIZANYINZHICHULIYUGENGNENGHUANJIEYINJIAOQICHONGXINYINQIDEFANZAOBUANYUYUYANCUOLUAN,BINGZAI《SHIYIXINJIAN》ZHONGLIECHUXIANGXIYAOFANG:JIANG1TIAOLIYU、4LIANGCHUNCAI、3BACONGBAIHUNHEZAIYIQI,FANGRUCHIZHIZHONGAOZHUCHENGGENG,JIUFUYOUXIAO[19](P9)。YUANDAI《JUJIABIYONGSHILEIQUANJI》ZAILIYUHUFANGZHUZHILAORENSHENTIZHONG、MENMANQIJI、BUNENGSHI、PIFUYULIE、SIZHICHANGTENG、BUKEQUSHEN。HOUFUSHICAIYUFANGFA:LIYUROU10LIANG、CONGBAI1WO、MAZI1SHENG,AOSHUXIYAN。FUZHIYIDONGMAZIZHIHEWUWEIJIAOJIANGDIAOWEI,CHANGFUKEQUANYU[13]。MING《YINSHANZHENGYAO》RENWEILIYUTANGBUJINNENGANTAI,YINENGZHIHUANGDAN、ZHIKE。ZHIZUOFANGFABEIJILUDEGENGWEIXIANGBEI:DAXINLIYU10TIAO,QULINDU,XIJING,JIAXIAOJIAOMO、YANSUIMO5QIAN,CONG2LIANG,SHAOXUJIU,YUYANYITONGAZHI。FANGRUSHUIZHONG,RANHOUSAXIAHUJIAOMO、SHENGJIANGMO,ZUIHOUYIYAN、CUDIAOWEI[12](JUANYIP78)。

                                  LIYULINSHIPIFUDEZHENPISHENGCHENGDEGUZHI,QIJIZHIYOUJIAOYUANBIANLAI,HUAXUESHANGSHUYUYIZHONGYINGDANBAI,DINGMINGYULINYINGDANBAI,KEZICHENGYIDULIYAOFANG,ZHUZHITUXUE、NVXUE(WAIBUCHUXUE)、YUZHIFUTONG、ZHILOUJIYUGUGENGHOUDENG,SHIYONGFANGFAJIBENWEISHAOHUIKOUFU。《PUJIFANG》ZHONGYOUZHIBINVDEFANGFA:“YILIYULINCHAOCHENGHUI,YANWEIMO,LENGDIAOXIAYI、ERQIAN。”[20](JUANYIBAJIUP258)《SHENNONGBENCAOJING》JIZAILIYULIN“ZHUZHICHANFUFUTONG,YONGFA:JIANGYULINSHAOCHENGHUI,HEJIUFUZHI”[21](JUANER○P783);《BENCAOGANGMU》YIYOU“LIYU,GUFANGDUOYIPI、LINSHAOHUI,RUBENGLOU、ZHILOUYAOYONG,GAIQUQIXINGZHIXUEER”[22](P314)DEJIZAI。TONGSHI,LIYULINYOUKEYUQITAYAOCAIPEICHENGYAOFANG,DIAOHEXUEQI。SONGDAIYISHU《SANYINJIYIBINGZHENGFANGLUN》JIYOUYANLINGDAN,YOUSHAOWEIMODELIYULIN、DANGGUI、SHIGAO、MUXIANG、CHUANXIONGDENGZHONGYAOCAIHUNZHIERCHENG[23](JUANYIBAP421),HAOCHENGFURENZHONGBINGWUSUOBUZHI,YINGGAIXIANGDANGYUXIANJINDEWUJIBAIFENGWANZHILEIDENVXINGZIBUPIN,JIANJUBUXUEBUQIZHIXIAO。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   HAOBUKUAZHANGDISHUO,LIYUHUNSHENDOUSHIBAO,ZHENGYUKEZUOYUTANG、YUGENGDENGZIBUPIN,LINGSANBUWEICHUYULINZHIWAI,LIYUDENAO、CHANG、XUE、DANYEDOUKEZUOYAOCAI,JUYOUBUTONGDEGONGXIAO,XIANJIANGYISHUZHONGJIZAIDEBUFENYAOFANGSHULICHENGBIAO2。

                                  表2 部分医书记载鲤鱼的药用方法
                                表2 部分医书记载鲤鱼的药用方法

                                  (二)观赏价值

                                星云棋牌官网下载   LIYUZAISHIYINGHUANJINGDEBIANHUAHUOYUQITAYUZAJIAOSHI,YIGAIBIANQIYUANYOUTEZHENG,CHANSHENGYIXIEBIANZHONG,《ERYAYI》DUILIYUDEBIANZHONGYOUXIANGGUANJIZAI:“CUIBAOYUNYANZHOURENWEICHILIWEICHIJI,QINGLIWEIQINGMA,HEILIWEIHEIJU,BAILIWEIBAIQI,HUANGLIWEIZHUI,JIEQUMAZHIMING,YIQILINGXIANSUOCHENG,NENGFEIYUEJIANGHUGUYE。”[28](JUANERBAP481)GURENDUIYANSEBUTONGXUNCHANGDELIYUWANGWANGXINHUAIHAOQI,OUERBUHUODADUOHUIXUANZELIUXIASIYANG,YIGONGGUANSHANG,XIHANLIUXIANG《LIEXIANCHUAN》ZAI:“ZIYINGZHE,SHUXIANGRENYE,SHANRUSHUIBUYU,DECHILI,AIQISEHAO,CHIGUIZHECHIZHONG,SHUYIMIGUSHI,YINIAN,ZHANGZHANGYU。”[29](JUANXIAP502)

                                星云棋牌官网下载   FAZHANZHITANGDAI,RENMENYIBAYANGYUYONGYUGUANSHANG,KAIYUANNIANJIAN“DIQUYANJINCHENYUJINYUANZHONG,DIZHISHIYUJIULING、LINFUYUE:‘JIANQIANPENCHIZHONGSUOYANGYUSHUTOU,XIANHUOKEAI。’……JIULINGYUE:‘PENCHIZHIYUYOUBIXIARENREN,TADANNENGZHUANGJINGZHIZHUERNVZHIXIER。’”[30](P77)TANGRENBUZAIJINJINBASUOYANGZHIYUZUOWEIGUOFUZHIWU,ERSHIYOUYISHIDEBATAMENDANGZUOWANSHANGZHIWU,YONGLAIZHUANGSHIJINGZHI,ZHUERNVZHIXI。SONGDAIRENMENDERICHANGYULERIJIANFENGFU,YIBIANSELIYU、JINYUWEIZHUDEGUANSHANGYUSHICHANGKUODA,WEIMANZUSHICHANGXUQIU,GUANSHANGYUYOUYESHENGZHUANWEIRENGONGXUNYANG。SONGRENYOUZAI:“JINZHONGDOUYOUHUANYUZHE,NENGBIANYUYIJINSE,JIWEISHANG,LICIZHI。GUIYOUDUOZAOSHIWEICHI,TIANZHIYANYOUJIAN,YIGONGWAN。”[31](JUANYIERP143)MINGQINGSHIQILIYUDEYANGYUYUJIANSHANGJISHUGENGJIACHENGSHU,TICHUBIANZHONG、XUANXING、ZAOCHIBUJINGDENGXIANGGUANLINIAN,LIYUDEWENHUAHUODONGGENGJIAFENGFU。

                                  四、鲤鱼的文化意蕴

                                  (一)鲤鱼跃龙门———望子成龙

                                  CHUNQIUSHIQI,KONGZIDEERZIBOYUCHUSHENGSHIQIAFENGLUZHAOGONGCIYUKONGZIJITIAOLIYU,KONGZIYICIWEIXIANGRUI,JIERZIQUMINGWEI“LI”。ZICISHENGZISONGLICHENGWEIYIZHONGXISU,ZHUYUANXINSHENGERYOURULIYUYIBANDESHENGJIYUHUOLI,BUPAJIANNAN,BOLANGCHENGZHANG。LIYUYUELONGMENDECHUANSHUOHAIJITUOZHERENMENWANGZICHENGLONGDEMEIHAOQIWANG。LIYUYUELONGMENZHEIYIDIANGUCHUYUHANDAIXINSHIDE《SANQINJI》:“LONGMENSHAN,ZAIHEDONGJIE。HUANGHEZIZHONGLIUXIA,LIANGANBUTONGCHEMA。MEISUIJICHUN,YOUHUANGLIYU,ZIHAIJIZHUCHUANZHENGLAIFUZHI。YISUIZHONG,DENGLONGMENZHE,BUGUOQISHIERTIAO。CHUDENGLONGMEN。JIYOUYUNYUSUIZHI,TIANHUOZIHOUSHAOQIWEI,NAIHUAWEILONGYI。”[32](JUANSILIULIUP3839)YINIANZHIZHONG,TIAOGUOLONGMEN,RENSHOUSHAOWEIZHIKU,HUANHUACHENGLONGDEBUGUOQISHIERTIAO,KANCHENGYUZHONGJINGYING。DAOLETANGDAI,LIYUYUELONGMENZHIJIEBIAOSHIKEJUJIDI,LIUXIASHULIANGKEGUANDEYOUGUANSHIGE。YUANZHENSHI:“YUGUANZHONGHEYI,LONGMENZAIKUDENG。YOUCHENGDANGZUOYU,WUYONGCHIWEIPENG。”[33](JUANSIP37)BIAOMINGSHIRENSHIYAOGAOZHONGKEJU,BUGANCHENGWEIPINGFANRENDEYUANDAZHIXIANG。YAOKANGSHI:“LONGMENYINGKEDU,JIAOSHIQICHANGJU。”[34](JUANSANSANYIP3694)BIAODAZUOZHEKAOQUGONGMINGDEJIANDINGJUEXIN。ZHEIYESHIZHONGJU、SHENGGUANDENGFEIHUANGTENGDAZHISHICHENGWEI“LIYUYUELONGMEN”DEJIBENHANYI。SHENGZIZENGLIJIUDAIBIAORENMENXIWANGXINSHENGERJIANGLAINENGXIANGYUEGUOLONGMENDELIYUYIYANG,JUYOUNILIUQIANJIN,FENFAXIANGSHANGDEJINGSHEN,CHIDEKUZHONGKU,CHENGWEIRENSHANGREN,ZHONGJUSHENGGUAN,FEIHUANGTENGDA,GUANGYAOMENMEI。

                                  ZHEIZHONGYILIYUJITUOWANGZICHENGLONGDEGUANNIANSHENZHICHUANDAOLERIBEN。ZIJIANGHUSHIQISHI,MEIFENGNANHAIJIE,YOUERZIDERENJIAXUYAOXUANGUAHEI、HONG、QINGLANSANZHONGYANSEDELIYUQI:HEISEQISHIYIJIAZHIZHUFUQINDEXIANGZHENG,HONGSEQISHIMUQINDEXIANGZHENG,QINGLANSEQIZEDAIBIAONANHAI,JIAZHONGYOUDUOSHAONANHAIJIUGUADUOSHAOMIANQINGLANQI。LIYUQISHIYONGBUHUOCHOUZUOCHENGDEKONGXINLIYU,GAOGAOGUAZAIKONGZHONGSUIFENGPIAOYANG,QIQIUSHANGTIANJUANGUZIJIDEHAIZINENGXIANGLIYUYIYANGYIYUELONGMEN,CHENGWEIRENZHONGLONGFENG。LIYUZAIRIBENRENYANZHONGSHILILIANGYUYONGQIDEXIANGZHENG,ZHANGBEIMENJIEGUALIYUQILAIBIAODATAMENXIWANGHAIZINENGCHENGZHANGWEIYONGGANJIANQIANGDERENDEXINYUAN。SHIZHIJINRI,ZHONGRILIANGGUORENGJIANGLIYUSHIWEIJIXIANGRUYIDEHUASHEN,SHENZHIYANSHENGCHULEJINLIZHEIYIWENHUAYIYUNGENGWEIFENGFUDEYUZHONG。

                                  (二)鱼符制度———权力的象征

                                  SUIWENDISHICHUXIANYUFU,TANGDAIZHENGSHIZHIDINGYUFUZHIDU。TANGYIQIAN,BINGFUWEIHUXING,CHENGHUFU。TANGSHIWEIBIZUXIANLIHUHUI,QIYONGHUFU,GAIWEIYUFU,MOFANGLIYUDEXINGZHUANG,ZHICHENGTONGYUFU。ZHIYUWEISHENMECAIYONGLIYUDEXINGXIANG,ERBUSHIQITAYU,XUEZHEMENZAIZIJIDEZHEZUOZHONGGESHUJIJIAN。《TANGDAIWENGUANFUSHIDEWENHUANEIHANJIEXI》DEZUOZHELIYIRENWEI,TANGRENYILIYULI,YOUYUYITIANXIAZHIYI[35];WANGJIAZAI《TANGDAIYUDAIZHIDUYANJIU》ZHONGZHICHU,TANGCHAOZHISUOYIJIANGYUFUZHICHENGLIYUXING,YISHIYINWEILISHIWANGCHAODUILIYUDECHONGBAI,YOUYITISHENGLIYUDEDIWEI,ERSHIXIANGLIYONGLIYUNENGHUASHENWEILONGDESHENMISECAILAISHIZIJIDETONGZHIHELIHUA[36];ZHANGCHUNXIU《GUANYU“YUFU”YU“YUDAI”DEJIGEWENTI》YIWEI,LIYUYUELONGMENDEMEIHAOCHUANSHUOYUYUYISHIYILIYUXINGWEIFUDEZHUYAOYUANYINZHIYI[37]。ERYIBIZHEZHUOJIAN,LITANGWANGCHAOSHIYONGLIYUXINGYUFUDEYUANYINYOUER:YIFANGMIANLIYUWEIYULEIZHISHOU,YULISHIWEITIANXIAZHIZHUXIANGPIPEI,KESHIWEIHUANGQUANDEDAIBIAO;LINGYIFANGMIANLIYUSHIXIANGRUIDEXIANGZHENG,JILITANGDAILAIFUZHI。XIANGCHUANSUIYANGDICENGZAIYILIYUETOUTIZI“JIESHENG”HOUFANGSHENG,DANGYANGDIZAICIYUDAOCIYUSHI,YUANLAIESHANGDE“JIESHENG”ERZI,“JIE”ZHILIUXIALEYIBAN,BIANCHENGLE“JIAOSHENG”。XIAOHOURENWEI“LIYOUJIAO,LONGYE”,BIAOSHILIYUJIANGSHENGJIAOHUALONG,LI、LITONGYIN,ANHANLIXINGJIANGDENGDIWEIDEZHENGZHAO。WEIPOCHUYUYI,YANGDIJIANGLIYUSHESHA,CHENRUSHUIDI。ZUIZHONGLISHIHAISHIDENGSHANGHUANGWEI,JIANLITANGWANGCHAO,YANZHENGLECHUANSHUO,LISHIZIRANFENGLIYUWEIXIANGRUI,XIWANGTANGCHAOZHANGSHENGBUSHUAI。

                                  TANGDAIYUFUDAZHIFENWEILIANGLEI,YILEISHIYONGYUDIAODONGJUNDUIDEYUFU,YILEISHISUISHENYUFU。YUFUZHUYAOYONGZUOBIAOMINGGUANYUANSHENFEN、RENMINGYUBACHUGUANYUAN、DIAOBINGQIANJIANG,YIYONGYUCHURUGONGMEN、KAIGUANGONGMEN,“YIQIJUNLV、YISHOUZHANG,JINGDOULIUSHOU、ZHECHONGFU、ZHUOBINGZHENSHOUZHISUOJIZUOYOUJINWU、GONGYUANZONGJIAN、MUJIANJIEJIZHI”[38](JUANERSIP525)。YONGYUDIAOBINGQIANJIANGDEYUFUFENWEIZUOYOULIANGBUFEN,“JINEIZEZUOSANYOUYI,JIWAIZEZUOWUYOUYI,ZUOZHEJINNEI,YOUZHEZAIWAI,YONGSHIDIYI,ZHOUERFUSHI”[38](JUANERSIP525)。ZUOBANBUFENYOUZHONGYANGZHANGGUAN,YOUBANBUFENXIAFAJIGUANYUAN,ZUOYOUHEYI,CAINENGSHENGXIAO。ZHEIZHONGYUFUBUXUYAOSUISHENPEIDAI,ZHIYOUZAIYOUZHAOLINGSHIQUCHUXIANGYANZHENGJIKE。SUISHENYUFUZHUYAOYONGYUMINGQUESHENFENDENGJI,CHURUGONGJIN,JIANYOUZHUANGSHIZHIGONGNENG。《TANGLIUDIAN·FUBAOLANG》ZAI:“SUISHENYUFU,SUOYIMINGGUIJIAN,YINGZHENGZHAO。”[39](JUANBAP253)BUTONGPINJIEDEGUANYUANPEIDAIBUTONGZHIDIDEYUFU,“TAIZIYIYU,QINWANGYIJIN,SHUGUANYITONG”[40],BINGQIEYUFUSHANGYIBANKEYOUGUANYUANXINGMINGHUOGUANZHIMINGCHENG,TANGDAIGUANYUANDEZUNBEIGUIJIAN、PINJIEGAODIYIMULERAN,ZHEIJIUSHISUOWEI“MINGGUIJIAN”ZHIYI。SUISHENYUFUYEFENZUOYOUBUFEN,GUANYUANCHIYOUYOUFU,XUSUISHENXIEDAI,YIFANGBIANZHENGMINGSHENFEN、PINJIYICHURUGONGMEN。

                                  (三)文学意象———情感的寄托

                                  GUDAIWENXUEZUOPINZHONGCHANGYONG“LIYU”“SHUANGLI”“SULI”“LISHU”“LIFENG”ZHIDAISHUXIN,CHENGWEICHENGZAIQINQING、AIQING、YOUQINGDEZAITI。QINHANSHIQI,LEFUSHIJIZHONGDEYISHOUWUYANSHI《YINMAZHANGCHENGKUXING》,ZHUYAOMIAOXIEDESHIQINSHIHUANGXIUZHANGCHENGSHISIFUDUIZAIYUANFANGFUYIZHANGFUDEHUAINIANZHIQING。SHIYUN:“KECONGYUANFANGLAI,YIWOSHUANGLIYU。HUERPENGLIYU,ZHONGYOUCHISUSHU。”[41](JUANYI,P25)ZHEILIDE“SHUANGLIYU”BINGBUSHILIANGTIAOLIYU,ERSHIZHIYONGLIANGGEKECHENGLIYUXINGDETONGYANGDAXIAODEMUBANPINZAIYIQIDEMUXINFENG,SHUXINFANGYULIANGGEMUBANZHIJIANJIAHAO,JIAFENGQIAN。ZHIYU“PENGLIYU”,GENJUWENYIDUOZAI《LEFUSHIJIAN》ZHONGDEJIESHI“JIESHENGKAIHANYE”[42](CESI,P124),KEZHISHIJISHANGSHIJIEKAIKUNJINMUBANDESHENGZI,QUKANSHUXIN。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   FAZHANZHITANGDAI,XINFENGSUIGAICHENGZHIZHI,DANRENGCAIYONGLIYUXINGZHUANG,XINFENGLIANGMIANHUASHANGYULIN,JIAOZUO“LIYUHAN”。LIYUYOUSUJIKUAI,SUYOUNENG“FEIYUEJIANGHU”ZHISHUO,JIANGXINFENGZHICHENGLIYUXING,DAGAIJIUJITUOLEGURENXIWANGSHUXINZAORIDAODAQINYOUSHOUZHONGDEQIPAN。RULISHANGYINDE“SONGYUNQINSHUJIULIJU,SHUANGLITIAOTIAOYIZHISHU”[15](JUANYIERP204),SONGZHIWENDE“QINGMALIUGUGUAN,SHUANGYUZENGGUREN”[34](JUANWUERP636),DOUCHUANDALESHIRENDUIYOURENDESINIANZHIQING。ZHEIZHONGLIYUHANYIZHIYANYONGZHIQINGCHAO,BINGQIEBUZAIJINJINZHICHUANDAYOUQING,HAIYANSHENDAOAIQING、QINQINGDELINGYU。SONGDAILVWEILAOZAIQI《NIANNUJIAO·ZENGXIWENCHONGJI》ZHONGYONG“SULIPINCHUAN,JIAOXINWEIZHAN,SHUANGRUIMINGHONGZHU”[43]LAIBIAODAZIJIDUIAIRENDEXIANGSIZHIQING;ERQINGMOMINZHUGEMINGJIAQIUJINZEYONG“NIANNIANCHANGSHIGANLIJU,LIANGDIXIANGSITUOLIYU”[43]LAIXIANGMEIMEIQINGSUCHUJIAHOUDUIJIARENDEXIANGNIAN。

                                  (四)风俗习惯———美好的祈盼

                                星云棋牌官网下载   GUSHI,LIYUBEISHIWEIXIANRENDEZUOQI,MINJIANGUANGCHUAN“CHENGLISHENGXIAN”DECHUANSHUO,XIHANLIUXIANGDE《LIEXIANCHUAN》ZHONGJIYOUQINGAOCHENGLICHENGXIANGUIQUDEGUSHI:“QINGAOZHE,ZHAORENYE。XINGJUAN、PENGZHISHU,FUYOUJIZHOUZHUOJUNJIANERBAIYUNIAN。HOUCIRUZHUOSHUIZHONGQULONGZI,YUZHUDIZIQIYUE:‘JIEJIEZHAI,HOUYUSHUIPANG,SHECIWU。’GUOCHENGCHILILAI,ZUOCIZHONG,DANYOUWANRENGUANZHI。”[44]TANGRENYIJINGCHANGYI“QINGAOCHENGLI”DEDIANGULAIYINSHIZUODUI。YINLIYUBEISHENHUA,SHANGZHOUSHIQIJIUYOUYIYUXINGQIWUWEISUIZANGPINDEFENGSU。XIANSHICHUXIANYUYU,HOUYUXINGSUIZANGPINZHONGLEIBUDUANZENGDUO,TONGYU、TAOYU、MUYUDENGXIANGJICHUXIAN。XIHANLIXUEJIADAISHENGSUOBIAN《LIJI·DASANGLI》ZHONGSUOZAIDE“YUYUEFUCHI”YICHENGWEISHIDAFUYISHANGJIECENGCAINENGSHIYONGDEYIZHONGSANGYI。GURENJIANGSANGLIYULIYURUCIJINMIDELIANXIZAIYIQI,ZIRANSHIXIANGJIE“CHENGLISHENGXIAN”YISHUO,QIWANGYIGUQINYOUNENGZAILIYUDEDAILINGXIA,BAITUOCHENSHIJIANDEFANNAO,FEISHENGCHENGXIAN,TONGWANGJILESHIJIE。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIGUSHIHUNLIZHONGYOUDUOGEYULIYUXIANGGUANDEYINSU,ZAIBEIFANG,JUXINGHUNLIQIAN,NANFANGDAONVFANGJIAXIAPIN,LIWUZHONGBIXUYAOYOUYIDUILIYU。ZHEIZHONGXISUBUZHICONGHECHAOHEDAICHUANXUXIALAI,XUDUODIFANGZHIJINRENGZAIYANYONG。ZAINANFANG,XINLANGJIANGXINNIANGJIEHUIJIAHOU,YOUSAQIANDECHENGXU,ANZHAOYISHIGUIDINGSAQIANSHIYAOMONILIYUSANZIDEYANGZI。LIYUFANZHINENGLIQIANG,CHENGHUOLVGAO,YOU“JIANYU”ZHICHENG,ZHEIYIYISHIYIZAIXIWANGXINNIANGZIDUOWEIFUJIAFANYANZISI,KAIZHISANYE。ZAIRUHUNFANGTIEDECHUANGZHIYIBANWEISHUANGYUXISHUITU,ANHANFUQIHEMU、ZISUNXINGWANGDEZHENZHIZHUYUAN;“LI”YU“LI”TONGYIN,WEITUJILI,ZAIZHONGYAODEJIERI,MINJIANXIHUANZAIJIAZHONGTIESHANGLIYUDEDUILIANHUOTUHUA,ZOUQINFANGYOUSHIXIHUANXIANGHUZENGSONGLIYU,YUNHANRENMENDUIKEKAOZHONGSHI、XINGWANGFADA、FUGUIZHANGLEDEQIPAN。

                                  五、结语

                                  LIYUZIYINSHANGSHIQIKAISHIBEIRENGONGYANGZHI,YANGZHILISHIYIKUAYUEQIANNIAN。QIANNIANLAILIYUYINGYONGJIAZHIBEICHONGFENWAJUE,ZUOSHICAI、ZUOYAOCAI、ZUOGUANSHANGWU,RANGRENMENDEWUZHIYUWENHUAXUQIUDOUDEDAOLEMANZU。LIYUZHUJIANSHENRUBAIXINGRICHANGSHENGHUODETONGSHI,WENHUAXINGXIANGYIRIYUBAOMAN,CHENGWEIWENXUEZUOPINZHONGDECHONGER,BEIFUYUDUOZHONGNEIHAN:SHIWANGZICHENGLONGDEJITUO,SHIQUANLIYUSHENFENDEXIANGZHENG,SHIXIANGSIDEZAITI,HAIKEYISHIFUGUIYOUYU、DUOZIDUOFUDEMEIHAOQIPAN。SUIZHESHEHUIJINGJIYUYUYEYANGZHIJISHUDEFAZHAN,JINLIDEYANGZHIYUGUANSHANGCHENGWEIRENMENYUJIAXIAIDEWENHUAHUODONG,LIYUDEGUANSHANGJIAZHIRIJIANTUXIANCHULAI。JINTIAN,ZHUANFAJINLIHUIDAILAIHAOYUNDEJINLIWENHUAGENGSHILIYUWENHUADEYANSHENGPIN,SHENSHOUXIANDAIRENTEBIESHINIANQINGRENDEQINGLAIZHUIPENG。

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                                  高莉莉,惠富平.中国古代鲤鱼历史文化探析[J].农业考古,2020(01):138-145.
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