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                        梁启超“提”力说中的美学探析

                        时间:2018-12-19 来源:五邑大学学报(社会科学版) 作者:赵楠 本文字数:8892字

                          摘    要:星云棋牌官网下载 梁启超在《论小说与群治之关系》一文中提到了“四力”,分别为熏、浸、刺、提。四力中,“提”反映了读者接受程度的至高点,是四力中最为核心的观念,这是因为“提之力,自内而脱之使出”、“文字移人,至此而极”,“提”力满足了读者接受心理中突破现有生存状态的要求,是对自我狭隘世界的对抗和超越。同时,梁启超认为,关注读者接受心理是“提”力产生作用之重要条件,即作品应该具有趣味性——但决不包含“下等趣味”,“趣味”既是激发读者阅读兴味的具体方式方法,又是实现的目标,“提”的整个过程是以“趣味”为本质思维特征的。同时,作品应具有平易性、开放性。另外,“提”力的发生应以“崇高”为指向,注重社会功用,以发挥“新民”之作用。

                          关键词: 梁启超; “四力”; “提”; 接受美学;

                          Abstract: Liang Qichao mentioned“four forces”in his paper“On the Relationship between Fiction and Governance”,which are forces to edify,immerse,stir and lift. Of the four forces,the lifting force reflects the highest extent of the reader's acceptance; it is the core concept of the four forces because the“lifting force emerges from within”and the influencing force of writings can achieve the ultimate effect through it. The“lifting force”satisfies the reader's psychological demand to break through the existing status of living and enables him to confront and go beyond the narrow world of self. At the same time,Liang Qichao's believes attending to the reader's acceptance is an important condition for the“lifting force”to occur,that is,literary works should be interesting--but never contain“vulgar taste”. “Interest”is not only a specific method of inspiring readers but also the goal to be achieved. The whole process of“lifting”is based on“interest”as the essential feature of thinking. At the same time,works should be accessible and open. In addition,the“lifting force”should take being“sublime”as the direction,take into consideration social functions so that works can serve to edify,educate and empower people.

                          Keyword: Liang Qichao; “Four forces”; “Lifting”; Reception aesthetics;

                          LIANGQICHAOZAILINGNANWENHUASHISHANGJUYOUTESHUDEYIYI,TADEWENYILILUNGENGSHIDUSHUYIZHI,QIZHONGGUANYU“QUWEI”“YIQING”“SILI”SHUO,YIJIXIAOSHUODEQUNTIYINGXIANGZUOYONGDENGDENGZHILUNSHUO,DOUJIYOUYANJIUJIAZHI。QIZHONG,“SILI”SHUOTICHU“XUN、JIN、CI、TI”SIGEGAINIAN,BEIRENWEISHIQIMEIXUESIXIANGDEZHONGYAONEIRONG,DANSHICONGJIESHOUMEIXUEDEJIAODUJIEHEDUZHEXINLITANTAOSILIZHIGUANXI、LIANGQICHAODEJIESHOUMEIXUELILUN,QUEZHIJINSHAOYOURENSHEJI。BENWENRENWEI,ZAISILIZHONG,“TI”KEYIJIZHONGTIXIANLIANGQICHAODEMEIXUESIXIANG,QIZHENDUITASUOYIZHIGUANZHUDEYUEDUQUNTI,BAOHANZHETAYIXILIEDEJIESHOUMEIXUEGUAN,YINERSHISILIZHONGZUIWEIHEXINDEGUANNIAN。YOUYU“TI”LIDETICHUBENSHENJIUSHIZHENDUIXIAOSHUOERYANDE,BENWENYEZHUYAOJIEHEXIAOSHUOZHEIZHONGWENTIJINXINGCHANSHU。

                          一、激发读者进入接受至高境界之“提”力

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                          “刺”是进入“提”之境界的另一种重要方式,“刺也者,刺激之义也。熏浸之力利用渐;刺之力利用顿。熏浸之力在使感受者不觉;刺之力,在使感受者骤觉”,“骤觉”,极言时间之短暂,并且读者有明显的感受。“刺也者,能入于一刹那顷,忽起异感而不能自制者也”,这是瞬间读者由自我的阅读经验,和作品经“熏、浸”濡染的氛围产生重叠,而生发的共振、共鸣心理,是一刹那的感受、猛然间的质变。读者把对作品的直观感受与自己的个性、经历、趣味等整合在一起,进入到一种前所未有的审美感受之中。“刺”对主客方的契合度有较高要求,很显然,是读者的定向期待得到了极大满足的缘故;同时,“刺”也是读者阅读接受中刺激强度最大的一种方式,说明读者也感受到了新力量的震撼,创新期待——即求异的需求(搜索原有视野之外的新事物之意识,可帮助读者跳出原有的思维桎梏,并获得新的审美快感)同样得到了极大满足。
                         

                        梁启超“提”力说中的美学探析
                         

                          YINGGAISHUO,YOUYU“XUN”“JIN”DEZUOYONG,ERCHANSHENGLE“CI”,“CI”YIJINGNENGRANGDUZHEDUIZUOPINWEIZHIDONGRONG、XINYOUQIQI,DANZAISILIZHONG,“TI”CAIFANYINGLEDUZHEJIESHOUCHENGDUDEZHIGAODIAN。“TIZHILI,ZINEIERTUOZHISHICHU”,HEZHIQIANDEBEIDONGJIESHOUBUTONG,CISHI,DUZHEDEZHUGUANNENGDONGXINGBEIDADADIAODONG、JIFA,CHONGFENZIYOUDIYUNYONGZIJIDEXIANGXIANGLI,HEWENBENRONGWEIYITI,JINRUDAOWENBENDEZAICHUANGZUODANGZHONG,YUEDUBUZAISHIJIANDAN、CHUNCUIDEXISHOUHUODONG,ERSHIYIZHONGGENGGAOCENGCIDEJIEDU,DUZHE“CHANGRUOZIHUAQISHENYAN,RUYUSHUZHONG,ERWEIQISHUZHIZHURENWENG”,YUSHUZHONGZHURENGONG“JUHUA”,ZHUTIYUYUEDUDUIXIANGZHIJIANDEJIEXIANYIJINGWUXIANXIAOMI,LIANGZHEJINRULEWUWOLIANGWANGDEJIZHIZIYOUZHUANGTAI,YUEDUZHUTIDEZIWOJIAZHIDEDAOLEGENGGAOCENGCIDESHIXIAN,ERYUEDUSHIYEYEJINRULEQUANXINDEZHUANGTAI:

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                          二、关注读者接受心理是“提”力产生作用之重要条件

                          RUHENENGSHIDUZHEJINRU“XUN”“JIN”DEZHUANGTAI,ZAIWANCHENGCONG“XUN”“JIN”DAO“CI”“TI”DESHIXIAN?SHI“TI”LICHANSHENGZUIJIADEXIAOGUO,SHIYOUQIANTIDE,ZHEIJIUSHIBIXUGUANZHUDUZHEDEJIESHOUXINLI。JIESHOUMEIXUERENWEI,ZUOPINZUIZHONGYIYIDEWANCHENGBUNENGJINKAOWENBENBENSHEN,ERDUZHEDECANYUCHENGDUYISHIFENZHONGYAO,“YUEDUBINGFEIDUIZUOPINJIANDANFUZHIHEHAIYUAN,ZAIZHEIYIHUODONGZHONGBINGFEIZUOPINDANFANGMIANZUOYONGYUDUZHE,JIESHOUZHEYUZUOPINDEGUANXIYEBUSHIYIZHONGDANYIDERENSHIYUBEIRENSHIDEYINGUOGUANXI。LIJIEBENSHENBIANSHIYIZHONGJIJIDE、JIANSHEXINGDEXINGWEI,BAOHANZHECHUANGZAODEYINSU”[5],“ZHIYOUDANGZUOPINDELIANXUXINGBUJINTONGGUOSHENGCHANZHUTI,ERQIETONGGUOXIAOFEIZHUTI,JITONGGUOZUOZHEYUDUZHEZHIJIANDEXIANGHUZUOYONGLAIDIAOJIESHI,WENXUEYISHUCAINENGHUODEJUYOUGUOCHENGXINGTEZHENGDELISHI”[6]。DUZHEJINRUZUOPINHOU,PINGJIEJIYOUJINGYANYIJIXIANGXIANGLIJIANGZUOPINWENBENHAIYUANWEIYIXIANGSHIJIE, BINGDIAODONGGANZHI、SIWEI、GANQING,WANCHENGWENBENJIESHOUYUBUBAIDESHUANGXIANGJIAOLIU, ZUOPINCAIJUYOULEWANZHENGDEYIYI。ERDUZHETONGGUOCHUANGZAOXINGDICANYUJIANZAOCONGWEITIYANGUODEYIXIANGHUOQINGJING,HUOQUXINDESHENMEITIYAN。ZAIZHEIGEGUOCHENGZHONG,DUZHEXINLIBEIDIAODONGDECHENGDU、CANYUDEJIJIXINGRUHE,HUIZHIJIEYINGXIANGDAOZUIZHONGSHENMEIXIAOGUODEHUODE,YINCIDUZHEJIESHOUXINLIZHITEDIANBUKEXIAOSHI。“TI”DEGUOCHENGZHENGSHIDUZHEYUEDUXINGQUBEIJIDADIAODONGDEGUOCHENG,YAOJIFADUZHEZHEIZHONGXINLI,DEQUEXUYAOYANJIUQIYUEDUJIESHOUZHONGDEZHONGZHONGTEDIAN。

                          LIANGQICHAODUIYUDUZHEDEJIESHOUXINLI,SHISHIFENGUANZHUDE,ZAI《LUNXIAOSHUOYUQUNZHIZHIGUANXI》YIWENZHONG,TATIGUOYIWEN:“RENLEIZHIPUTONGXING,HEYISHITASHUBURUQISHIXIAOSHUO?”[1]884ZAIDUOPIANWENZHANGZHONG,YILUNSHUGUOZUOPINYUDUZHEJIESHOUXINLIDEWENTI。JIANGQIZHENGLIZHI,DAZHIKEFENWEIYIXIASANGEFANGMIAN:DIYI,ZUOPINYINGGAIJUBEIQUWEIXING。SHANGSHUYIWEN,LIANGQICHAOJIUZIJIHUIDA:“DAZHEBIYUE:YIQIQIANERYIJIEGU,YIQILEERDUOQUGU。SHIGURAN”[1]884。ZAICI,“LEERDUOQU”SHIJISHANGHELIANGQICHAOHOULAITICHUDE“QUWEI”SHUOXIANGTONG。“QUWEI”SHILIANGQICHAOZHENGGERENSHENGZHEXUEDEZHONGYAOLINIAN,BEIRENWEISHISHENGMINGDEGENBENJIAZHIHEDONGLISUOZAI:“HUODONGYAOYOUYUANDONGLI——XIANGJIQILITOUDEZHENGQI。RENLEIHUODONGDEZHENGQIZAINALINI?QUANZAIGERENZIJIXINLIZUOYONG——DUIYUZIJISUOHUODONGDEDUIJINGGANJUEQUWEI” [1]4010,“FANRENBICHANGCHANGSHENGHUOYUQUWEIZHIZHONG,SHENGHUOCAIYOUJIAZHI”[1]4013,MEIYOUHUOLI、JIQING、LEQUDERENSHENGRUTONG“SHAMODESHENGHUO”,“GANTOULEMEIYOUYIHAORUNZE,BANSILEMEIYOUYIHAOBIANHUA” [1]4017,SHIJIQIKEPADE。DUIYULEQUMEIGERENDOUXINXIANGWANGZHI,ZHEISHIYINWEIZAILEQUZHONGRENMENGENGNENGTIHUIDAOZIWODECUNZAI,ZIWOLILIANGDESHIFANG。JIYUDUZHEDEZHEIZHONGXINLI,ZUOPINXIANGYAODADAOZUIHAODECHUANBOXIAOGUO,JIUBIXUJIAQIANGQUWEIXING,JIJIYINDAODUZHEJINXINGYUEDU:“WENXUESHIYAOCHANGCHANGBIANHUAGENGXINDE,YINWEIWENXUEDEBENZHIHEZUOYONG,ZUIZHUYAODEJIUSHI‘QUWEI’”[1]4927,“FANRENZHIQING,MOBUDANZHUANGYANERXIXIXUE。SHANWEIJIAOZHE,ZEYINRENZHIQINGERLIDAOZHI……”[1]172。ZAIJUYOUQUWEIDEYUEDUZHONG, DUZHEDEXINLIZIYOUDUWANGWANGCHUYUYIGEJIAOGAODESHUIPING, ZHENDUIZUOPINDEBUBAIYUHUDONGJIJIXINGHECHUANGZAOLIYEJIAOQIANG,ZUOPINDAILAIDETIYANKEYIMIBUZHENSHISHENGHUOZHONGWUFASHIXIANDEXINLIXUQIU,“TI”LIDEFASHENGJILVJIUHUIDADATIGAO。RENMENDUIYULEXING、QINGJIEXINGQIANGDEZUOPINGENGWEIXIWENLEJIAN,XIAOSHUOQIAQIAJUYOUHENMINGXIANDEZHEIZHONGTEZHENG,YINCIRENZHISHIXIAOSHUO,“CIDAIXINLIXUEZIRANZHIZUOYONG”[1]885,XIAOSHUOYEJIUCHENGWEILIANGQICHAOZAIWENXUEGEXINYUNDONGZHONGJILITICHANGDEYIZHONGWENTILE。

                          YINGGAISHUO,XIAOSHUOSUOCHANSHENGDEMEIGANJIRENMENDAILAILEJINGSHENSHANGDEYUYUE,QIYIYISHUZHIMEIXIYINDUZHE,HUANQIDUZHEDEXINLINGYUYUE,LIANGQICHAODUIQISHIJIAYIKENDINGDE,YEZHENGRULUXUNXIANSHENG《MOLUOSHILISHUO》SUOYAN:“YIYIQIEMEISHUZHIBENZHI,JIEZAISHIGUANTINGZHIREN,WEIZHIXINGGANYIYUE”[7]64,YIJIXIUMOZHIYAN:“MEISHIYIXIEBUFENDENEIYANGYIGEZHIXUHEJIEGOU,TAMENYOUYUWOMENTIANXINGDEYUANSHIZUZHI,HUOSHIYOUYUXIGUAN,HUOSHIYOUYUAIHAO,SHIYUSHILINGHUNFASHENGKUAILEHEMANYI”[8]330。SUIRAN“QUWEI”DEZIMIANHANYISIHUDAIYOUSHISU、GANXINGDEWEIDAO,DANSHI,LIANGQICHAOSUOYAN“QUWEI”JUEBUBAOHANZHE“XIADENGQUWEI”,SUOWEI“XIADENGQUWEI”LIANGSHIZAI《QUWEIJIAOYUYUJIAOYUQUWEI》ZHONGJIESHIWEISANZHONGQINGKUANG:YI、YAOMANRENDE;ER、NABIERENDEKUTONGHUANZIJIDEKUAILE;SAN、KUAILEHEFANNAOXIANGJIANXIANGXUDE,[1]3946ZUOPINZHONGRUGUOBAOHANZHE“XIADENGQUWEI”,BIANKENENGJIANGDUZHEYINRUQITU,WUFACHANSHENGMEIGAN,GENGHUANGLUNCHANSHENG“TI”LIDEZUOYONGLE。TONGSHI,“QUWEI”DEBIAOXIANYOUJUYOUDUOYANGXING,YOUXIYOUBEIYOUKU,BUJINJINDANZHIKUAILE,《LUNXIAOSHUOYUQUNZHIZHIGUANXI》ZHONGLIANGQICHAOTIDAOZUISHOUDUZHEHUANYINGDESHINEIXIELINGREN“KEJINGKEEKEBEIKEGAN,DUZHIERSHENGCHUWULIANGEMENG,MOCHUWULIANGYANLEIZHE”DEZUOPIN,YESHUOMING“QUWEI”BUNENGJINJINLIJIEWEIZUOPINDEYULEXING,TAHAIJUYOUCHUJIDAODUZHESHENMEIXINLIDESHENCENGCIDUOYANGXINGTEZHENG,MEIGAN“KENENGSHITONGERHOUKUAIHUOYOUTONGYOUKUAIDEFUZAQINGXU,KENENGSHIBAOHANRENXINSHENCHUDEBEIXIAILEDENGDUOZHONGQINGGANYINSUDEZONGHEQINGGAN”[9]50,YINGGAISHUOLIANGQICHAODUIZUOPINDEJIESHOUXIAOGUOZHIFENXI“YIYINHANLEBEIJUMEIDESHENMEILINIAN,TAZAIJIAZHIQUXIANGSHANGGENGPIANZHONGYUTONGERHOUKUAIDECHONGGAOGAN”[10]164。KEJIAN,LIANGQICHAOSUOYAN“TI”DEFASHENGSHIYOUTIAOJIANHEFANGXIANGDE,SHIHEQUWEIGAOSHANG、NEIHANFENGFUDEMUBIAOXIANGJIEHEDE。

                        星云棋牌官网下载   “QUWEI”JISHIJIFADUZHEYUEDUXINGWEIDEJUTIFANGSHIFANGFA,YOUSHISHIXIANDEMUBIAO,YEJIUSHISHUO,“TI”DEZHENGGEGUOCHENGSHIYI“QUWEI”WEIBENZHISIWEITEZHENGDE。QIANZHESHIJIYUDUIQUWEIDEYIBANDE、QIANBIAOCENGCIDELIJIE,LIANGQICHAOYIJINGLUNJI,TAKECHANSHENG“XUN” “JIN”“CI”“TI”ZHONGZHONGYUEDUXIAOGUO;HOUZHESHUYUSHENCENGCIDUIYISHUBENZHIDECHUJI,LIANGSHISUIYIYOUSUOTANTAO,DANZAI《LUNXIAOSHUOYUQUNZHIZHIGUANXI》ZHONGHAIWEIMINGQUEZHICHU,“QUWEI”SHUOTAZAIHOUQIDESHENMEILILUNYURENSHENG、MEIDEGONGNENG、JIAZHIXIANGJIEHE,CAIQUYUWANSHAN,YOUZHEGENGWEISHENRUDESIKAO。SHIJISHANG,CIWENYIJINGTANJIYIGEZHONGYAODEWENTI,NEIJIUSHIDUIYUTIHUI“QUWEI”DEZHONGJIYUYUE,WEIYOU“TI”LIKEYIDADAO。

                        星云棋牌官网下载   ZHEISHIYINWEI,ZAIDADAOZHONGJI“QUWEI”DEGUOCHENGZHONG,“TI”LIYU“XUN”“JIN”“CI”SANZHEBUTONG,TAJIFALEDUZHEZIWOCHUANGZAODELILIANG,ZAIWENBENZHONGDASHANGLEZIWOSHENGMINGDELUOYIN,SHIDEDUZHECHONGFENDIGANSHOUDAOCHUANGZAODEZIYOUHELEQU。JIEHEDUZHEZIWOJINGYAN,SHIDEZAIZAOQINGJINGGENGWEISHENGDONGHEBIZHEN,WUYILINGWENBENDEJIESHOUXINLICHANSHENGLEQIANSANZHESUOMEIYOUDEXIAOGUO,“YIMAOKONGZHONGWANYILIANHUA,YIDANZHIQINGBAIQIANHAOJIE,WENZIYIREN,ZHICIERJI!”[1]885。LIANGQICHAOZHEILITIDAODE“YIREN”,BIANSHI“TI”LISUONENGDADAODEZUIZHONGYUEDUXIAOGUO,YEJIWOMENSUOSHUODEWUWOLIANGWANGDEJINGJIE。YIBANDESHIJIANHUODONG,ZHUTIZONGSHILIQIUKETIFUWUYUZIJI,ZHUKETIZHIJIANWANGWANGYOUZHEZHANYOUYUFANKANGDEJILIECHONGTU,ERSHENMEIHUODONGDEZHUTIQUEKEYICHANGCHANGDUIXIANGHUA,CHENJINYUKETIZHIZHONG,YUQIGONGMINGYUN、TONGHUXI,DADAOWANGFUJIAOLIU、“GANERSUITONG”(《YI·XICISHANG》)DEJINGDI,GANSHOUDAOJIDUDEJINGSHENSHUZHAN、HUIXINYUCHANGSHEN。ERCISHIDEDUZHEBUDANYOUZHEGANXINGYUYUE,BINGQIEZAISHENMEILIXINGFANGMIANYEDEDAOLESHENGHUA,TONGGUOGANTONGSHENSHOU,FAXIANYUZHOUSHENGMINGBENGENSHANGDOUSHIXIXIXIANGTONGDE,YOUCILINGWU、TIZHENGSHENGMINGDEZHENSHIYIYI,GERENYUQUNTISHENGMINGRONGHUIJUJI,ZHUKE、KETIBEICHAOYUELE,LIANGZHEZHIJIANDEGUANXIYEBEICHAOYUELE,“SHENMEILINGWUZHENGSHIYAOYIQIWUXINGDEDONGCHELAIBAYUANXIANSHENMEITIYANZHONGSUOXINGCHENGDEWUWOTONGYIDEXINLIGANSHOUCHAOSHENGDAOTIANRENHEYI、QUNJIHUSHENDEJINGSHENJINGJIESHANGQU,ZHEIJISHISHENGMINGDEZIWOCHAOYUE,ERYISHIXIANGZHESHENGMINGBENYUANDEFANGUI”[3]51。YOUCIHUANXING、ZHENFEN、CHONGSHI、TISHENGZIJIDESHENGMINGLI,YINGGAISHUOSHIDUZHESHENMEIJIESHOUDEZHONGJIYIYISUOZAILE。“QUWEI”DECIZHONGLILIANGJUYOUQUDONGYUANZHIYIYI,XINLISHANGDELEQUYUGANWU,SHIRENMENCONGBUYANJUAN,SHIYIZHONGNEIZAIQIECHIJIUDEDELILIANG。YOUYU“TI”LIDEZHEIZHONGZUOYONG,LIANGQICHAORENWEIWENXUEZHENGKEYI“ZHUANCONGSHIYOUFAYICIJIGERENQIGUANBUSHIDUN”[1]4018,SHIYUMEISHU、YINLEBINGLIE,SHIRENCONGXIANSHIDEGONGLIZHUYIZHONGTIAOTUOCHULAI,BAOCHIJINGSHENZHUIQIUDESANZHONGLIQIZHIYI。

                          CHULEQUWEIXING,RUGUOXIANGYAOGENGDAFANWEIDEDUZHEJINRUYUEDU,ZEBIXUGUANZHUWENBENDEDIERGETEDIAN:JIANYIXING。JIARUWENBENDEYUYANPINGYI,DUZHEYUEDUDEZHANGAIJIAOXIAO,JIUKEYIHENHAODILINGDUZHEXIAOCHUWEINANQINGXU,KUAISUJINRUWENBENSHEZHIDEQINGJING,“ZAIWENZIZHONG,ZEWENYANBURUQISUYU,ZHUANGLUNBURUQIYUYAN”[1]885,“JINRENCHUHUA,JIEYONGJINYU,ERXIABIBIXIAOGUYAN。GUFURUNONGMANG,MIBUYIDUSHUWEINANSHI。……JINYIZHUANYONGLIYU,GUANGZHEQUNSHU。SHANGZHIKEYIJIECHANSHENGJIAO,XIAZHIKEYIZASHUSHISHI,JINZHIKEYIJIFAGUOCHI,YUANZHIKEYIPANGJIYIQING” [1]39。“ERXIAOSHUOZHE,HENGQIANYIERWEIJINRENSUONENGJIE。SUIFUYUXUELIZHE,YICHANGTANQIBUFEINAOLIYEERJIEYIXIAOQIAN,GUQIFEIXIZHISHU,JIYOUYIJIAYUTASHUYI”[1]2747,ZHENGZHICHULEXIAOSHUOGUANGSHOUXIAIDEYUANYIN。DUZHEHEWENBENZHIJIANDEJIAOLIUSHUNCHANGWUAI,JIUGENGRONGYIJINRU“XUN”“JIN”DEZHUANGTAI,SUOYI,“JINSHIZIZHIREN,YOUBUDUJING,WUYOUBUDUXIAOSHUOZHE”[1]172,ZHEIYOUSHEJILEDUIDUZHEYUEDUXINLICHANSHENGZUOYONGDEDISANGEQIANTI,JIKAIFANGXING。CIDIANHEJIANYIXINGXIANGGUAN,XIAOSHUOYINQIPINGYI,GUCHUANBOXIAOGUOJIA,DUZHEMIANGUANG,WULUNSHANGXIA,JUNKEYUEDU,CHANSHENGDEYINGXIANGLIYECHAOHUXUNCHANG:“WANGWANGMEIYISHUCHU,ERQUANGUOZHIYILUNWEIZHIYIBIAN。……YINGMINGSHIMOUJUNYUE:‘XIAOSHUOWEIGUOMINZHIHUN’”[1]172。ZHEIZHONGKAIFANGXINGTONGSHIHAIBIAOXIANWEIMIANDUIMEIYIGEDUZHE,WENBENSUOZHANXIANCHULAIDEZITAI,JIJIENA、BAORONG、YINGHE,ZHEIZAIXIAOSHUOBIAOXIANZUIWEIMINGXIAN,BUSHIBANQIMIANKONGJINXINGJIAOYU,ERSHIYI“QUWEI”XIYIN,RUCI“ZUOZHEZHIYAOBANEIXIANXIANGXIEDEZHENQIE,ZIRANHUISHIDUZHEXINLIQIFANYING”[1]3982,GENGRONGYITIEHEZHONGDUODUZHEDEDEYUEDUQIDAIXINLIERCHANSHENGXIAOGUO。

                          三、“提”力的发生以“崇高”为指向,注重社会功用

                        星云棋牌官网下载   WENBENNEIYUNHANZHEGEZHONGCHANSHENGYUEDUXIAOGUODEKENENG,ERQIBIXUHEDUZHEXINLIQIHE,CAINENGFAHUILILIANG,SUOYI,LIANGQICHAOJIWEIZHUZHONGDUZHEDEJIESHOUXINLI。RANER,ZHEIZHONGZHUZHONGBINGFEIMEIYOUYUANZE,QUYIFENGYING,ERYOUZHEXIANMINGDEZHIXIANG,ZHEIJISHICHONGGAOMEI。ZAI《LUNXIAOSHUOYUQUNZHIZHIGUANXI》ZHONG,LUNJI“TI”SHI,LIANGQICHAOLIEJULEDUOBUZUOPIN,RU《SHUIHUCHUAN》、《HONGLOUMENG》、《HUAYUEHEN》,ZHUDUORENWUXINGXIANG,RUHUASHENGDUN、NAPOLUN、SHIJIA、KONGZI,ZHEIXIEZUOPINHUORENWU,TUXIANDEZHUYAOMEIXUETEZHENGWEIKANGZHENG、CHONGTU、LIXIANG、JIQING、HAOMAI、GANGJIANDENGDENG,YOUYIXIEHAIZHANXIANCHUBEIJUMEI,LINGDUZHE“KEJINGKEEKEBEIKEGAN,DUZHIERSHENGCHUWULIANGEMENG,MOCHUWULIANGYANLEIZHE”,ZHEIHEMEIXUEZHONGSUOSHUODE“CHONGGAO”ZHIFANCHOUJIBENWENHE。LIANGQICHAOSUIRANZAIQILUNZHEZHONGCONGWEIMINGQUETICHU“CHONGGAO”ZHEIYILUNTI,DANSHIJISHANGTAZAIZUOJIAYANJIU、XIAOSHUOCONGHUA、SHIHUADENGDUOCHULILUNYANJIUDEWENZHANGZHONG,DOUBIAOXIANCHUDUIZHEIZHONGMEIXUELIXIANGDEXIANGWANG。《ZHONGGUOYUNWENLITOUSUOBIAOXIANDEQINGGAN》YIWENZHONGLIANGQICHAORENWEIYUNWENBIAOQINGFANGFAZHONGDE“BENBENGFA”WEI“QINGGANWENZHONGZHISHENG”[1]3924,SUOWEI“BENBENGFA”,ZHANXIANDEJIUSHIBENFANGGANGJIANCHONGGAOZHISHENMEITEZHENG,LIANGQICHAODUIQIXIANRANCHIXIANGDANGKENDINGDETAIDU。ZAI《ZHONGGUOZHIMEIWENJIQILISHI》ZHONG,LIANGQICHAOTANDAOQINHANSHI“YOULIANGSHOUQIANGUBUMODEJIEGE:QIYIJINGKEDE《YISHUIGE》;QIER,XIANGYUDE《GAIXIAGE》”[1]4345,QINMUDEZHENGSHISHIGEZHONGBEIZHUANG、KANGKAIDENGCHONGGAODEFENGGETEDIAN,QITARU《QINGSHENGDUFU》、《QUYUANYANJIU》DENGYETIDAOCHONGGAOYUBEIJUDENGXIANGGUANWENTI,GAODUKENDINGLEQIMEIXUEJIAZHI。DUIZHEIZHONGFENGGEDETICHANG,SHIYINWEIZAIYUEDUGUOCHENGZHONG,CHONGGAOXIANGJIAOYUYOUMEI、HUAJIDENGDUIDUZHEDECHONGJIXIANRANGENGQIANGLIE,“SHIDANGQINGGANTUBIANSHI,ZHUOZHUTA‘XINAO’DENEIYIDIAN,YONGQIANGDUXIEDAOZUIGAODU”,“LINGWOMENDUQILAI,BUZHIBUJUEYEGENZHEDAOTANEIXINSHENGMINGDELINGYUQULE” [1]3925。YOUCI,CONGJIESHOUXIAOGUOLAISHUO,CHANSHENGCHONGGAOSHENMEIDEZUOPINXIANRANYINGXIANGGENGSHENRUHECHIJIU。

                        星云棋牌官网下载   LIANGQICHAODEZHEIXIEGUANDIAN,DOUHETADUIMINZUWENHUA、GUOJIALISHIHEXIANZHUANGDESIKAOJINMIXIANGLIAN。WUXUBIANFASHIBAIYIHOU,LIANGQICHAORENWEI,WENHUAQIMENGSHIDANGQIANDESHOUYAORENWU,YAOZHENDUIGUOMINXINLI,GAIZAO、ZHONGJIANQISHENCENGCIDEWENHUAYISHI,“YANJIUZHENGZHI,ZUIJINYAODESHIYANJIUGUOMINXINLI,YAOGAIGEZHENGZHI,GENBENYAOGAIGEGUOMINXINLI” [1]3695,YAOGAIBIANGUORENJINGSHENWEIMI、GANQINGKUJIE,QUEFACHUANGZAOLI、YIZHILIDENGWANJI,YINGSHIYISHUSHENRUDUZHEXINLI,QIFAQIRENXINGGUANGMANG,YONGSHENMEIDECHAOGONGLIXINGLAI“XINMIN”,ZHEIZHENGSHI“SANJIEGEMING”ZUIZHUYAODEMUDE。YINCI,“CHONGGAO”YILEIDEYISHUYOUWEILIANGQICHAOSUOTICHANG。ERZAIGELEIYISHUZHONGLEIZHONG,LIANGQICHAOYOUQIKENDINGXIAOSHUODESHEHUIGONGYONG, DUIQIJIYUSHIFENDEQIWANG。TARENWEI,XIAOSHUODELILIANGFEICHANGQIANGDA,HE“QUNZHI”GUANXIXIANGDANGMIQIE:

                          “JINSHIZIZHIREN,YOUBUDUJING,WUYOUBUDUXIAOSHUOZHE。GULIUJINGBUNENGJIAO,DANGYIXIAOSHUOJIAOZHI。ZHENGSHIBUNENGRU,DANGYIXIAOSHUORUZHI。YULUBUNENGYU,DANGYIXIAOSHUOYUZHI。LVLIBUNENGZHI,DANGYIXIAOSHUOZHIZHI” [1]172。

                        星云棋牌官网下载   “SILISUOZUIYIJIZHEWEIXIAOSHUO”,ER“SILI”JIYOUYIYUSHEHUIDEYIMIAN, YOUYOU“DUWANQIANZAI”DEKENENG:“YOUCISILIERYONGZHIYUSHAN, ZEKEYIFUYIZHAOREN;YOUCISILIYONGZHIYUE, ZEKEYIDUWANQIANZAI” [1]885,SUOYI,ZUOPINDEDAOXIANGXINGFEICHANGZHONGYAO,XIAOSHUORUGUOGUOYUDISUJIUHUILEISILIUDU,CHANSHENGYANZHONGDEHOUGUO,ZHEISHI“QUNZHI”GUOCHENGZHONGBUDEBUZHUYIDEYIDIAN。

                          TONGGUOZHEIZHONGQINGXIANGXING,LIANGQICHAODUIYUEDUJIESHOUGUOCHENGZHONGSUOZHUZHONGDEYIDIAN,JIZUOPINZHISHEHUIGONGYONG,YEJIUDEDAOLEHENHAODESHIXIAN。DANSHI,ZHEIGEGUOCHENGBUNENGYIJIANDANDEKOUHAOXUANCHUANHUOZHESHUOJIAOSHIXIAN,ERSHITONGGUOQUWEI,SHIDUZHECONGXINLIZIFADILINGWUWENBENZHIMEI,SHIXIAOSHUOTONGGUOQINEIZAIDELILIANGZUOYONGYURENDEXINLING,YINERJIANJIEDICHANSHENGJIAOHUAZUOYONG,ZHEIJISHIYISHUDEQINGGANXINGHEYUYUEXING,“YONGQINGGANLAIJIFAREN,HAOXIANGCILIXITIEYIBAN” [1]3921,“CIZHANGNAIYUHUNDIAOXINGZHIJU”[1]230,ZHEIZHONGXIAOGUOJIBUSHIWENBENDEZIWOCHENGXIAN, YEBUSHIYOUDUZHEJIANGOUERLAIDE,ERSHILIANGZHEYIDUZHEDEXINLINGWEIZHONGJIE,YI“QUWEI”WEIDONGLIYINFAERLAIDE。KEJIAN,XIAOSHUOGEZHONGLILIANG,YOUQISHI“TI”LISHENGFAZUOYONGDOUJIANLIZAIDUZHEXINLITEDIANDEKEGUANJICHUSHANG, SHIFUHEJIESHOUMEIXUEYUANLIDE, QISHEHUIGONGYONGBUSHIWAILIQIANGZHICHANSHENGDEJIEGUO。

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                          [1] 梁启超.梁启超全集[M].北京:北京出版社,1999.
                          [2] 朱立元.接受美学导论[M].合肥:安徽教育出版社,2004:206.
                          [3] 陈伯海.生命体验与审美超越[M].北京:生活读书新知三联书店,2012.
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                          [6] H·R·姚斯,R·C·霍拉勃.接受美学与接受理论[M].,周宁,金元浦,译.沈阳:辽宁人民出版社,1987:19.
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                          [10] 金雅.梁启超美学思想研究[M].北京:商务印书馆,2005.

                          赵楠.从梁启超“四力”说之“提”力看其接受美学[J].五邑大学学报(社会科学版),2019,21(04):1-5+15+90.
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