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                        亚里士多德对“诗”与绘画的认识

                        时间:2018-12-19 来源:现代交际 作者:王礼丹 本文字数:2991字

                          摘    要: 亚里士多德曾提出艺术模仿论,并着书《诗学》来阐述“诗”的艺术。绘画作为艺术的另一种表现形式,与“诗”有相同之处,它们作为艺术的表现形式给人以美感,同时也因其形式的不同而有所差异。将诗学与绘画艺术相结合,分析它们的异同,发现二者的共性,以便于相互借鉴,形成对艺术更深刻的认识。

                          关键词: 悲剧; 艺术; 绘画; 模仿; 诗;

                        星云棋牌官网下载   YALISHIDUODECENGJIANGKEXUEHUOZHISHIJINXINGFENLEI,JIANGQIFENWEISIBIANKEXUE、SHIJIANKEXUE、ZHIZUOKEXUE。SHISHUYUZHIZUOKEXUE。YALISHIDUODEDE《SHIXUE》JICHENGLEDALIANGQIANRENDEJINGYAN,YIJITONGSHIDAIXUEZHEDEGONGXIAN,TONGSHIYOUYOUZHEZIJIDEFAZHAN。

                          一、亚里士多德与柏拉图对艺术模仿论的观点

                        星云棋牌官网下载   《SHIXUE》KENDINGLEYISHUDUIRENXINZHIDEKAIFAZUOYONGHEDUIRENDELINGHUN、SHENTIDEJINGHUAZUOYONG。YALISHIDUODETICHU,YISHUDEMOFANGSHIWOMENRENSHISHIWUHUOQUZHISHIDEYIZHONGFANGSHI,YISHUDEMOFANGSHIYIJIANYOUYIYIDESHI,TAKEFULEJUTIDEJUXIAN,DUISHENGHUOHESHIWUJINXINGLETIQUHEJINGLIAN,BIMIANQISUOSUIXINGHEPIANMIANXING,SHIZHICHENGWEIJUYOUXINSHANGJIAZHIDEYISHUXINGXIANG。1YISHUMOFANGSHIYIJIANSHOURENHUANYINGDESHI,YINWEIRENTIANSHENGJIUSHIXIHUANMOFANGDE。BOLATUHEYALISHIDUODEDOUFEICHANGXINSHANGHEMA,TAMENRENWEIHEMAHENSHANYUBIAOXIANRENWUDEXINGGE,QINGJIEYEZUZHIDEFEICHANGWANMEI,XIJUSHIDEBIAOYAN,HELIQIAOMIAODISHIYONGLEGEZHONGZUOSHIDEJIQIAO,HEMASHIWEIYIJUYOUQIANGLIEXIJUYISHIDESHISHISHIREN。HEMAZAISHIXUESHISHANGYOUZHETUCHUDEGONGXIAN,TADEZUOPINXIANSHILESHIDEFAZHANFANGXIANG,CUCHENGLESHIGEBENSHENDEWANSHAN。YUCITONGSHI,HEMAHAIJIAOHUILESHIRENYI“KEXIN”DEFANGSHIQUJIANGXUJIAZHISHI,RENWEI“KEXIN”YOUSHIHOUBIZHENSHIGENGZHONGYAO,DANGRANYAOYOUQILUOJIXING。

                          BOLATURENWEI,LILUNGAOYUSHIJIAN,QUELIZHEXUEWEIZUIGAOXINGTAI,BINGXINGCHENGLEYI“XING”WEIZHONGXINDEYISHUBENTILUN。BOLATURENWEI,ZUOWEIZHEXUEDEYANJIUDUIXIANG,SHIWUDECUNZAIKEYICONGSANGEFANGMIANLAITIXIANZISHENJIAZHI,DIYIGESHI“XING”DEPINGMIAN,TASHIYISHUZUIGAOXINGSHIDECUNZAI,TADECUNZAISHIYONGHENGBUBIANDE。DIERGESHISHIJIANDEPINGMIAN,DISANGESHIYISHUMOFANGDEPINGMIAN。BOLATURENWEIYISHUDEMOFANGSHIZUIDICENGDE、DUIWUTIBIAOMIANXINGSHIDEYIZHONGMOFANG,SHIMOFANGDEMOFANG。BOLATUZHICHU,SHENKEYIZHIZUOLIANGZHONGXINGTAI,YIZHONGSHIYOUSHITIDEXINGTAI,YIZHONGSHIDUISHITIDEMOFANGXINGTAI,JIYINGZI、MENG、HUANXIANGDENG。ERGONGJIANGZHIZUODESHI“XING”HUOYANGBANDEFANGZHIPIN,YISHUZESHIDUIFANGZHIPINDEZAIMOFANG,YINCIBOLATUZAIMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGRENWEIYISHUFANYINGDESHIJIESHIBUZHENSHIDE,FANYINGSHIWUBENZHIDEYISHUCAISHIZHENSHIDE。

                          YALISHIDUODEDEMOFANGLUNRENWEI,YISHUSHIDUIZIRANDEMOFANG,ZIRANYEBUSHIYIZHONGMANGMUDELILIANG,TASHIYOUYISHIDE,TAYOUZIJIDENEIZAIFAZEZHIYUETADEYUNZUOFANGSHI,TAMENDEGONGZUODUIXIANGDOUSHISHITICAILIAO,MUDEDOUSHIWEILESHENGCHANCHUCAILIAOYUXINGTAIDEJIEHEWU,SHIYUNYONGNEIZAIGUILVERJINXINGDEMOFANGWU,LIRUBEIJU、XIJU、YINLE、HUIHUADOUSHIMOFANG,TAMENDEBUTONGZAIYUSUOCAIYONGDEMEIJIEBUTONG,MOFANGDEDUIXIANGBUTONG,SHIYONGDECHUANGZUODEFANGSHI、FANGFABUTONG,SUOCAIYONGDEMEIJIEBUTONG。

                          二、“诗”与绘画艺术的异同

                          1.媒介的不同

                          绘画是用色彩和形态来塑造典型形象,每种艺术种类的材料也都不相同。例如,油画用松节油、油性颜料在布面上作画,壁画则用矿物颜料在壁面上画画。诗则是以文字、唱段、演员的表演为媒介来表达行动的完整性及作品的情感意义。
                         

                        亚里士多德对“诗”与绘画的认识
                         

                          2.模仿的对象不同

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                          3.创作的方式、方法不同

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                          SHIHEHUIHUA、DIAOSUDOUYOUGONGXING,TAMENDOUYOUZHEKUANGUANGDEMOFANGDUIXIANG,ZAIHUIHUAYISHUZHONG,YIBUZUOPINZHIZHONGDIANMOFANGYIGEDUIXIANG,ZHONGDIANBIAODAYIGEGANQING、YIGEYIYIHEGAINIAN,SHIYESHIYIYANG,YOUXIUDEZUOPINDOUSHIDUISHENGHUOJINXINGTILIANHEJIAGONGERGOUCHENGDEYISHUZUOPIN,JIBUSHIQUZHENSHIXINGYEBUSHIDIANXINGXING。

                          三、亚里士多德对“诗”与绘画的认识

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                          HUAMIANDEZHENGTIGOUCHENG,JISHIDEQINGJIE。ZHENGTISHIYOUBUFENGOUCHENGDE,GEGEBUFENDEYOUJIZUHEGOUCHENGLEZHENGTI。ZHENGTIDEGOUCHENGXUYAOKAOLVYIXIEWENTI,RUSHIHEHUIHUAZHONGQINGJIEDEGOUCHENG、XIJUXING、NEIZAIZHANGLI、JIEGOUXINGYUNEIZAILUOJIXING,DENGDENG。

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                          YISHUXINSHANGSHIYISHUHUODONGDEYIGEZHONGYAOJIEDUAN,TADAIBIAOZHEYISHUHUODONGDEJIESHU,YEJIUSHIYISHUJIESHOU。YISHUGUIGENDAODISHIQINGGANDEBIAODA,XINSHANGYISHUZUOPINXUYAOWOMENYIGANXINGDEFANGSHIQUXINSHANG,GENCHUANGZUOZHECHANSHENGGONGMING,YICILAIJINGHUAWOMENDEXINLING,YINGXIANGWOMENDESHENGHUO。

                          四、结语

                          YALISHIDUODEDE《SHIXUE》YUYISHUHUIHUAGEGEBUFENYOUZHEBENZHIDEXIANGTONG,SHIYONGYUHUIHUADEGEGEJIEDUAN。SHIYUHUIHUADOUSHIGANXINGYULIXINGDEJIEHETI,DOUYAOQIUQIYIDINGYAOYOUYISHUXINGDEBIAODA。

                          SHIHEHUIHUADOUYOUQIXINSHANGJIAZHI,DOUSHIYISHUDEBUTONGBIAOXIANXINGSHI,YOUZHEBENZHIDEXIANGTONG,YOUDOUYOUJILUSHIWUHELISHIDEGONGNENG,DOUNENGGOUYONGYUANBAOLIUXIALAI,DOUYOUYIDINGDEJIAOYUYIYI,DOUNENGJINGHUARENDEXINLING,TAOYERENDEQINGCAO,JIRENYIMEIDEGANSHOU。

                          参考文献

                          [1] 亚里士多德.诗学[M].北京:商务部印书馆,1998.
                        星云棋牌官网下载   [2]王宏建.艺术概论[M].北京:文化艺术出版社,2010.

                          注释

                          1CHUZIBAIDUBAIKEDUIYALISHIDUODESIXIANGDELUNSHU。

                          王礼丹.《诗学》中的“诗”与绘画艺术的异同[J].现代交际,2019(20):127+126.
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