星云棋牌官网下载

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                            新媒体下90后“宅”现象生成原因与引导

                            时间:2019-03-16 来源:大众文艺 作者:金紫璇,赵卫国 本文字数:3170字

                              摘    要:星云棋牌官网下载 随着中国网络计算机技术的发展以及新媒体的高速发展,现在越来越多的90后,不愿出门,成为宅男宅女,这一现象也备受社会大众的争议,而90后们缺乐在其中,让“宅”成为了他们在高压快节奏生活里的解压利器。本文旨在从90后在新媒体时代的需求出发,解析“宅”这一现象产生的原因以及对“宅”这一现象的审视与引导。

                              关键词: 宅; 90后; 新媒体;

                            星云棋牌官网下载   “ZHAI”QIYUANYURIBEN,ZHEIYIGAINIANZAIQIANYIDAOGUONEI,JINXINGLEYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGDEBENTUHUAYANBIANZHIHOU,GAINIANJIANJIANBEIMOHUHEFANHUA,RUOYIYAWENHUASHIJIAOLAIZHONGXINSHENSHI“ZHAI”ZHEIYIXIANXIANGSHI,WOMENKEYIGENGJIAQINGCHUDERENQINGWENHUADEBENZHI,ERBUSHIJIANDANJIANGQIGUIWEIMOUYIZHONGDAIYOUGANQINGSECAIDESHEHUIXIANXIANG。

                              一、关于“宅”的概述

                              “ZHAI”ZUIZAOYUANYURIBEN,YURIBENZUIJUYOUDAIBIAOXINGDEWENHUACHANYE,JIYU“ACG”CHANYEYOUZHEMIBUKEFENDEGUANXI。“ACG”CHANYEBENSHENYOUJUYOUXIANJINDEMEIJIEJISHUDEZHICHI,QIEZAICHUANBOGUOCHENGZHONGDUOYUNYONGLINGHUODUOBIANDEBIAOXIANXINGSHI,ZHUZHONGGENSHOUZHONGRENQUNDEHUDONGHEJIAOLIU,CHUANBONEIRONGSHANGYEJIJUXINXIANGANHEXIANGXIANGLI,JIASHANGXINMEITIDEFAZHANWEI“ACG”DECHUANBOTIGONGLELIANGHAODEPINGTAI,SHIDEGUONEIZHONGGUODE“ZHAINAN/ZHAINV”,“JISHUZHAI”,“DONGMANZHAI”DENGRENCHENGDAICI,ZESHIYOU“YUZHAIZU”SUOYANSHENGCHUDEBENTUHUADECIHUI,ZHEIXIECIHUIYEDUI“ZHAIWENHUA”DEYIYIJINXINGLEKUOCHONG,YOUTEZHI“ACG”AIHAOZHEZHIHUANWEI“YOUMOUZHONGPIANHAODEQIEZHANGSHIJIANZHAIZAIJIALIBUCHUMENDEREN”。

                              “ZHAI”ZHEIGEXIANXIANGZAIZHONGGUOXUDUODEZHULIUMEITIHEDAZHONGYULUNZHONGCHANGCHANGHUIBEIYAOMOHUA,LIRUZAIXUDUOZHULIUMEITIHEDAZHONGGUANNIANZHONG,“ZHAINAN/ZHAINV”SHIZHIYIQUNRENCHENMIZAISHEHUIDAZHONGNANYILIJIEDEYAWENHUAZHIZHONG,ZIWOFENGBI,XIANSHAOYUSHEHUIGOUTONGJIAOLIU,ZHENGTIANWUSUOSHISHI,SHENGHUOTUIFEI,WAIBIAOLATADEREN,SHENZHIYOURENRENWEI“ZHAI”SHIYIZHONGXIAOJIDESHEHUIWENTI。SUIZHE“ZHAI”DEQUNTISHULIANGYUELAIYUEDUO,QIZHONG90HOUCHENGWEILE“ZHAI”ZHEILEIQUNTIZHONGDEZHUYAOQUNTI,ER“ZHAI”YEJIANJIANYANBIANWEICHENGWEIYIZHONGSHENGHUOFANGSHIHESHENGHUOTAIDU,YEYINCISHOUDAOLEYUELAIYUEDUODESHEHUIGUANZHUHEREYI。

                              二、“宅”现象生成原因解析

                              “WENHUASHIRENLEIZAISHIYINGHUANJINGDEGUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENGDE……ZAIZHEIGEGUOCHENGZHONG,HUANJINGYUWENHUAZHIJIANJIAOHUZUOYONG、JIAOHUYINGXIANG,TAMENZHIJIANCUNZAIYIZHONGGONGSHENGGUANXI。ZHEIZHONGGONGSHENGGUANXIBUJINYINGXIANGRENLEIYIBANDESHENGCUNHEFAZHAN,ERQIEYEYINGXIANGWENHUADECHANSHENGHEXINGCHENG,BINGFAZHANWEIBUTONGDEWENHUALEIXINGHEWENHUAMOSHI。”ZHEISHIMEIGUOWENHUARENLEIXUEJIA J.H.SITUERDEDUIHUANJINGYUWENHUAZHIJIANDEGUANXIZUOCHUDELUNSHU。XINMEITIDEFAZHAN,TEBIESHIWANGLUOMEITIHESHOUJIYIDONGWANGLUODEFAZHAN,TUIDONGLE“ZHAIWENHUA”DENGYIXIELIEYAWENHUADECHANSHENGYUFAZHAN,YIXIAJIANGYIXINMEITIFAZHANSUOCHANSHENGDESHEHUISHENGHUOHUANJINGDEBIANHUAWEIBEIJING,CONG90HOUDEXUQIUCENGMIANJIEXIZHAIWENHUASHENGCHENGDEYUANYIN。

                              (一)90后的“个性化”需求

                            星云棋牌官网下载   XINMEITIPINGTAIWEI90HOUDE“GEXINGHUA”BIAODATIGONGLELIANGHAODEPINGTAIYUTUJING。QIZHONGDESHEHUIHUAMEITIDEYINGYONG,JIYULEYONGHU“XUNIXING”ZHEIYIQIANTI,YEJIRENMENTIGONGLEGENGDUODEBIAOYANWUTAIHEBIAOYANSHOUDUAN。MEIGUOWANGLUOYANJIUZHUANJIAAISE·DAISENRENWEI:“JIAMINGGENGKENENGSHIZHEIYANGYIZHONGMIANJU:RENMENSHIYONGTALAIBIAOXIANZIJIDEZHENSHIMIANMUERBUSHIYINZANGZIJIDEBENXING;HUOZHESHUOTAYUNXUYIGERENZHENZHENGBIAOXIANQIXINGGEDEMOUYIFANGMIAN。”ZHEIZHONGXUNIKEYISHIDEYONGHUDUIZIJIDEJIAOSEJINXINGDUOZHONGSHEDINGHEZIYOUFENJIE,CONGERZHESHECHUYONGHUXIANSHIDEXINLIZHUANGTAIHESUQIU。OUWEN·GEFUMANZAI《RICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGDEZIWOCHENGXIAN》YISHUZHONGCENGZHEIYANGSHUODAO:“ZUOWEIYIZHONGSHEHUIJIAOSE,ZAIGUANZHONGMIANQIANBIAOYAN,WOMENBIXUYAOBAOCHIXIANGDUIWENDINGXING。”DUIYU90HOUZAIXUNIDEXINMEITIWANGLUOKONGJIANZHONG,TAMENKEYIGENGDUODEJINXING“GEXINGHUA”DEBIAODAHEBIAOYAN,YIDAPOXIANSHISHENGHUOZHONGZHEIZHONGWENDINGDEZHUANGTAI。DANZAIMOUXIEDUITAMENYOUZHONGYAOYIYIDESHEQUNLI,TAMENDUIZIWODEJIAOSEBIAOYANKENENGHAISHIHUIBAOCHIZHEXIANGDUIWENDINGXING,JIANDANDIANSHUO,XUYAOWEIZIJIJIANLIYIGE“RENSHE”,YIDADAOMOUYIZHONGMUDE。

                              对于90后来说,有些人在现实的社会工作关系里,总是一丝不苟,严肃对待任何事情,给人一种不好接触的高冷形象,但在他的社会化媒体平台上,他有可能会通过调侃、自黑、吐槽等方式,展现与现实生活不一样的幽默感,利用虚拟来表现自己真实的面目。另外一方面,90后中也有一部分人希望自己站在鄙视链的顶端,以满足自己的优越感,为了让自己的“人设”立住,可以说是会煞费苦心的经营自己在社会化媒体平台的秀,早些时候爆红的“精致的猪猪女孩”一词语,十分准确的解析了这一现象。例如,有些人表面上光鲜亮丽,背地里其实没洗的衣服堆积成山。他们乐此不疲的在社会化媒体中将自己塑造成光鲜亮丽的人物,以满足自己在现实生活中的一部分缺失。利用社会化媒体来补充自己的“个性化”,成为了90后生活中非常重要的一部分,他们也因此乐在其中,这也成为了他们变的越来越“宅”的一个重要原因。
                             

                            新媒体下90后“宅”现象生成原因与引导
                             

                              (二)90后的“社会化”需求

                              MEIGUOXUEZHECHAERSI·HUODUN·KULIZAITA1902NIANCHUBAN《RENLEIBENXINGYUSHEHUIZHIXU》YISHUZHONGTICHU,RENDEXINGWEIZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGQUJUEYUDUIZIWODERENSHI,ERZHEIZHONGRENSHIZHUYAOSHITONGGUOYUTARENDESHEHUIHUDONGXINGCHENGDE。TARENDUIZIJIDEPINGJIA、TAIDUDENG,SHIFANYINGZIWODEYIMIAN“JINGZI”,GERENTONGGUOZHEIMIAN“JINGZI”RENSHIHEBAWOZIJI。

                              XINMEITIWANGLUODEKUAISUFAZHAN,SHIDE90HOUZAIWANGLUOMEITIZHONGHUOQUDEXINXIHECHANSHENGDEHUDONGYIJIHUDONGCHANSHENGDEFANKUI,DOUJI90HOUTIGONGLEGENGDUOMIANJIASHENDUIZIWORENZHIDE“JINGZI”。SUIZHEDUIZIWORENZHIDEJIASHEN,90HOUHUIGENGJIAQINGXIDEZHIDAOZIJIDEXIHAO,YEHUIYINCIBIANDEGENGJIATOURUYUZHUANZHU。XINMEITIWEIJIAOLIUHEHUDONGTIGONGLEBIANLIHEGAISHAN,YECHENGWEILEYUNYU90HOUXINGQUSHETUANDETURANG。JIANDANDESHUO,90HOUKEYIJIEZHUWANGLUONENGGENGKUAIDEZHAODAOJUYOUXIANGTONGXINGQUAIHAODEQUNTI,BINGYUZHEIGEQUNTIYIJIZHEIGEQUNTILIDEQITAGETICHANSHENGJINMIDEHUDONGLIANXI,CONGERZHUBUDATONGZAIZHEIGEQUNTIZHONGDESHEHUIGUANXILIAN,XINGCHENGTADERENJIGUANXIWANGLUO。ERZHEIZHONGRENJIGUANXIWANGLUOZHONGDEJIAOLIUHUDONG,JI90HOUSUODAILAIDEBUJINJINSHIJISHIBAOCHANG(LIRUQINGXU、QINGGAN、XINXIDENGFANGMIANHUODEDEMANZU),HAIZAIYUTASUODAILAIDEZHANGQIHUIBAO。ZHEIZHONGXUNIWANGLUOSHIJIELISUOXINGCHENGDEQUNTI,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGBUCHONGLE90HOUZAIXIANSHISHENGHUOZHONGDEQUNTIKONGQUE,RANGTAMENZHAODAOLEQUNTIGUISHUGAN,RENTONGGAN。

                              ZUOWEIDAXUESHENG,ZUOWEIGANGBUZHICHANGDE90HOUZAIXIANSHIDESHEHUIGUANXIZHONG,MEITIANBANYANZHEGEZHONGBUTONGDEJIAOSE,MIANDUIZHEGEZHONGGEYANGDEYALIYUJIAOLV,ERNEIXIEZAICHUGAOZHONGJIEDUANYINWEIXUEYEERBEIGEZHIDEXINGQUAIHAO,CHENGLETAMENZAIYALIHEJIAOLVBEIHOUDEYIGECHUKOU。ZHIYOUDANGTAMEN“ZHAI”ZAIZIJIDESHIJIELI,QUZUOZIJIXIHUANDESHIQING,QUHEZIJIZHITONGDAOHEDERENJIAOLIU,TAMENCAINENGGANSHOUDAOZIJINEIXIN,HUODEZHENZHENGDEXIYUE。YINCIZAIBIYAODESHEHUIHUODONGZHIWAI,TAMENBIANDEYUELAIYUE“ZHAI”,“ZHAI”ZAIXIANSHISHEHUIYIWAIDESHIJIELISUOJIANLIDESHEHUIGUANXIWANGZHONG。ZHEIZHONG“ZHAI”CONGMOUZHONGYIYISHANG,SHENZHIKEYIJIANGQIJIEDUCHENGYIZHONGTAOBI。TAOBIXIANSHISHENGHUOZHONGDEGEZHONGGUANXIWANGLUO,XIANGSHOUWEIZIJIBAOLIUDENEIYIFENJINGTU,JIZIJICHONGDIAN,RANGZIJIMANXIALAI,YONGZHEIYANGDEFANGSHIQUPAIJIEYALIHEJIAOLV。SUOYIZHEILIDETAOBI,BINGBUSHIBIANYICI,ZHENGSHIQIANWENSUOTIDAODEZAIXINGQUSHETUANZHONGRENJIWANGLUOGUANXIDEJIANLISUOHUODEBAOCHANGZHIYI。

                              三、对“宅”现象的审视和引导

                              “ZHAI”ZHEIYIGAINIANQIANYIDAOGUONEIHOU,ZAOQIYINFALESHEHUIGEJIEDUIZHEIYIXIANXIANGYIJIZHEIYILEIDEQUNTIDEGAODUGUANZHU,“ZHAINAN”“ZHAINV”MENYEYINCIERBAOSHOUZHENGYI,DATONGPUBIANDUI“ZHAI”SHIBAOZHEFANDUIHEPIPINGDETAIDU。DANSUIZHE“ZHAI”WENHUADEGUANGFANCHUANBO,SHEHUIDAZHONGDUITADETAIDUYUPINGJIA,YEZHUJIANFASHENGLEGAIBIAN,TONGSHI“ZHAI”WENHUABENSHENDENEIHANYEZAIBUDUANDEFASHENGBIANHUA。XIANZAIYUELAIYUEDUODERENKAISHIJIESHOURENKE“ZHAI”,RENWEIZAIDANGDAIGAOYADEKUAIJIEZOUSHENGHUOLI,“ZHAI”YESHIYIZHONGHENHAODEZIWODIAOJIEDEFANGSHI,NENGGOURANGZIJIDEJIEZOUMANXIALAI,YOUSHIJIANQUSIKAO,QUCHONGSHIZIJI,QURENZHENDESHENGHUO。XIANZAIDE90HOUXIHUANYI“ZHAINAN/ZHAINV”“FEIZHAI”ZICHENG,DAIYOUYIDIANZICHAO、ZIHEIDEYISI,ZHEIYESHITAMENDUIZIJIZAIYANKEDEZUOXIJIAFENGLIXUNQIUJIANYADESHENGHUOFANGSHIHETAIDUDEYIZHONGKENDING,BIAOSHITAMENDELEZAIQIZHONG,ERBUSHIZIWOTUIFEIDEBIAOXIAN。XIANDAISHEHUIYAOQIU“KUAI”,DUI90HOUYEYAOQIUTAMENNENGGOUKUAISUCHENGZHANG,ZHEIYESHIDE90HOUBIXUBUTINGDEZHUIQIUJINBU,BAOCHIPINBOBUNENGSONGXIE,ZHEIZHONGCHONGMANGONGLIXINGDEFENDOUHUISHIDE90HOUDEJINGSHENZHUANGTAIYIZHICHUYUYIGEJINBENGDEZHUANGTAI,ZHISHITAMENDEXINLIZHUANGTAIBUDUANXIAJIANG,SHENZHICHUXIANXINLIWENTI。SHEHUIYOUXUJIANKANGDEFAZHANLIBUKAISHENXINJIANQUANDE90HOU,“ZHAI”WEIJIAOLVDE90HOUPAIJIELEYIBUFENDEYALI,RANGTAMENDENENGGOUXUNZHAODAOGONGZUOHESHENGHUODEPINGHENGDIAN。CONGZHEIFANGMIANLAIJIANG“ZHAI”DUISHEHUIDEJIANKANGFAZHANJUYOUYIDINGDEJIJIYIYI。XINMEITIWANGLUOYU“ZHAI”YOUZHEMIBUKEFENDEGUANXI,ERWANGLUOSHIJIEDEXINXILIANGYOUBUQI,FEICHANGRONGYIDUI90HOUCHANSHENGCUOWUDEYINDAO,YINCIWORENWEIJIAQIANGWANGLUOHUANJINGDEJIANDUDECHENGWEILEKEBURONGHUANDESHIQING,WEI90HOUQUNTITIGONGYOUZHIDENEIRONGHEJIJIZHENGQUEDEYINDAO,YINDAOTAMENNENGGOUXINGCHENGZHENGQUEDERENSHENGGUANHEJIAZHIGUAN。NENGRANGTAMENJIEZHUXINMEITIWANGLUOGENGHAODE“ZHAI”,GENGHAODESHUHUANDEYALI,BIAODASUOSISUOXIANG,NENGBAOCHIYIGELIANGHAOJIJIDEZHUANGTAIMIANDUIZIJIDEGONGZUOHEXUEXI。

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                              [2]彭兰.新媒体导论[M].等教育出版社,2016.3.
                              [2][美]欧文·戈夫曼.日常生活中的自我呈现[M].北京大学出版社,2008.
                              [3]陶东风,胡疆锋.亚文化读本[M].北京:北京大学出版社,2011.
                            星云棋牌官网下载   [4]金晶.我国宅文化的发展及社会对宅文化的认识[J].今传媒,2012.

                              金紫璇,赵卫国.基于新媒体背景下90后“宅”现象的浅析[J].大众文艺,2020(03):270-271.
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