星云棋牌官网下载

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                  学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 文学论文 > 古代文学论文

                  清代杨芳灿山水诗创作转变及其原因分析

                  时间:2019-02-22 来源:重庆第二师范学院学报 作者:王艳欣 本文字数:8455字

                    摘    要: 杨芳灿游历广泛,创作了大量山水诗。其山水诗创作呈现阶段性转变,前期清新华艳,中期苍劲雄健,后期质朴悲凉。杨氏诗风前后迥异,原因在于:他既宗法李商隐,又受到袁枚“性灵说”及吴镇“格调说”的影响,诗学主张不断改变;江南与陇右自然地理环境差异巨大,其诗歌创作得江山之助;宦海沉浮及岁月流逝使其心境逐渐平和。杨氏诗风不断变化的过程也是其诗歌创作不断摆脱模拟、自成一家的过程。

                    关键词:星云棋牌官网下载 杨芳灿; 山水诗; 诗风; 转变;

                    Abstract: 星云棋牌官网下载YANG Fangcan had a wide range of travel,leaving a lot of landscape poems. His creation showed a stage change. The early stage was fresh and gorgeous,the middle stage was magnificent,and the late stage is simple and unadorned. The reason of YANG's poetic style change was that he not only learnt from LI Shangyin,but also was affected by YUAN Mei's and WU Zhen's style,so his poetics proposition was constantly changing. There are great differences in the natural geographical environment between south of the Yangtze River and Longyou area,it was helpful to his poetry creation. Moreover,the ups and down of officialdom and the passage of time also calmed his mind. The influence of the three factors changed YANG Fangcan's poetics style. The changing process was also the process of getting rid of simulation and shaping self-style in his poetry creation.

                    Keyword: YANG Fangcan; landscape poem; poetics style; change;

                    QINGDAISHANSHUISHICHUANGZUOYUWEIDAGUAN:WANGSHIZHENLIZHUSHENYUN,CHUANGZUOLEDALIANGSHANSHUISHI;YUANMEICHANGDAOXINGLING,ZAIQIANRENSHANSHUISHIDEJICHUZHISHANGZICHENGYIGE;YANGFANGCANCHUSHENGYUJIANGNAN,SHOUYEYUYUANMEI,RENZHIYUGANSU,SHANSHUIJINGWUZAIQISHIGEZHONGPINPINCHUXIAN。YINDIYUDEJUDACHAYIJIXINTAIDEBUDUANZHUANBIAN,YANGFANGCANDESHIFENGCHENGXIANCHUMINGXIANDEJIEDUANXINGTEZHENG,QISHANSHUISHICHUANGZUOZUINENGTIXIANZHEIZHONGBIANHUA。TADE《FURONGSHANGUANSHICHAO》QIANSANJUANDUOMIAOXIEJIANGNANJINGWU,SIZHILIUJUANYIGANSUFENGJINGWEIZHU,QI、BAJUANZEZUOYUJIANGXUEZHITU,TICAIDUOYANG,FENGGEJIONGSHU。QIANRENDUIQISHIWENDEYANJIUYIYOUPODUOCHENGGUO,QIEDUOJIZHONGYUTAWEIGUANLONGYOUQIJIANDECHUANGZUO,YOUYIWUYIHULVELESHANSHUISHIZHEIYIZHUTI。DUIQISHIFENGDEBIANHUA,YIJINYIWEIGUANLONGYOUWEIJIE,CULVEHUAFENWEILIANGGEJIEDUAN,WEISHENRUPOUXIQISHIFENGBIANHUADESHENCENGYUANYIN。BENWENYI《YANGRONGSHANGXIANSHENGNIANPU》WEICANKAO,YIYANGXURONG、JINJIANMINGDIANXIAODE《YANGFANGCANJI》WEIDUIXIANG,CONGQIZHONGSUOSHOULUDE《FURONGSHANGUANSHICHAO》BAJUAN、《SHIBUCHAO》YIJUANZHONGXUANCHUJIN110SHOUSHANSHUISHILAITANJIUYANGFANGCANSHIFENGZHUANBIANDELICHENG。

                    一、山水诗创作的转变历程

                    YANGFANGCANSHIQIANJIASHITANQINGXINHUAYANSHIFENGDEDAIBIAORENWU,YUZHIJIAOHAODEHONGLIANGJICENGYI“JINBICHITAI”[1]6LAIXINGRONGTADESHIGE。DANQINGXINHUAYANZHINENGDAIBIAOYANGSHIQIANQISHIGEFENGGE,ZONGGUANYANGFANGCANYISHENGCHUANGZUO,SUIYIHUAYANWEIZHU,DANQISHIGEQIANHOUFENGGEJIONGYI。YIQISHANSHUISHIWEILI,DAZHIKEHUAFENWEISANGEJIEDUAN。

                    (一)乾隆四十三年之前:清新华艳

                  星云棋牌官网下载   YANGFANGCANCUOCAILOUJINDESHIGEFENGGEHENDACHENGDUSHANGYUANYUTADUILIUCHAOJIWANTANG,YOUQISHILISHANGYINSHIGEDEMONI。《RONGHUQU》MIAOXIEJIANGNANSHUIXIANGDEMEIJING,QIARULIUCHAOMINGEBANQINGXINQILI:“HUANGDIEPANHUAIYICAIXIU,QINGQINLAIQUZHUOHONGJIN。HONGJINCAIXIUFENWUSHU,WUWAYUWANQINGYAOLU。”1DUANDUANJIJU,RONGHUBANGWANZHIJINGBIANYUERANZHISHANG,SECAIDEQIANGLIEDUIBISHISHIGEGENGTIANYANLIZHIGAN。ZHENGRUHONGLIANGJISUOSHUO,YANGFANGCAN“SHIRUJINBICHITAI,XUANRENXINMU”。YANGSHIDUILISHANGYINDEMONIZUIWEIJIZHONG。TALIUXIALEZHUDUOJIJUSHI,JIUSHIYIJIWEN、LIERRENSHIJUWEIZHU,QI《CHUNYEWEIXUEXIAOYUXISHENGTI》GENGZHIJIEBIAOMINGXIAOFANGLISHANGYIN,QISHANSHUISHIRU《QIUJIANGFANYUEGE》ZEJINYULISHANGYINDE《YANTAISISHOU》。LISHANGYINZHEIZUSHIYICHUNXIAQIUDONGWEIXU,SHUFADUISIMUNVZIDEXIANGSIZHIQING,JIEQIHUANDEXIANGXIANGJINONGLIDECIZAOXINGCHENGYIZHONGAIYANMENGLONGDEYIJING。《QIUJIANGFANYUEGE》SHOUXIANYONG“JIANGFEIFUYUECHUZIYUN,TIANXIANGRUICAIHANYINYUN。CHANJUANLINSHUIJIANGUYING,QIBAOLANSHANGJIAOEPIN”SIJUGOUHUACHUYIGEGUDUDESHENNVXINGXIANG,QICIYONGHUAYANZHICI“ZICHEN”“BIKONG”“XIACAI”“LIULI”DENGYINGZAOCHUMILIZHIJING,ZUIHOUDE“NAIGUAHENGEZIBUQING,JINXIAOZHAODUANHAIJIAMENG”LIULUCHUAISHANGZHIQING。YANGSHIZHEISHOUSHIDEGOUSI、YONGCI、YIJING,CHUCHUKEJIANLISHANGYINDEYINGZI,QIQINGLENGHUAYANDEFENGGEYEYUZHIXIANGSI。CIWAI,QI《QIUYECI》SISHOUFUMEIHUAYAN,YEKUSILISHANGYINDE《WUTI》。

                    杨芳灿19岁时,因伯父杨潮观引见,拜入袁枚门下。袁枚主性灵,杨芳灿受此影响,诗歌亦于华丽之外别开清新之气。如《夜探若冰洞》:“山气夜冥冥,阴崖守巨灵。松荒闻鹳语,洞古带龙腥。一径破云白,双峰削玉青。坐来烦虑遣,泉韵入清听。”山气、阴崖突出“夜探”的视点,松荒、鹳语、龙腥表现出若冰洞的清幽,破、削两个动词,白、青两种颜色尽脱浮华之词,迸发冷冽之气,最后一句以禅理入诗,更觉清峻淡远、诗味醇厚。《舟过秣陵口号》同样体现了他对“性灵”的追求,诗云:“萧疏风柳白门湾,依旧寒潮寂寞还。指点夕阳红尽处,残霞一抹六朝山。”这首诗以七言绝句的形式写景,读来朗朗上口,清爽不拖沓,而且将萧疏的柳树、寒潮的往复放置在夕阳西下、只余残霞一抹的背景之下描写,更显寂寞冷艳的景物特征。虽是写景,却使人顿生怀古之意,景与情融,堪称佳作。
                   

                  清代杨芳灿山水诗创作转变及其原因分析
                   

                  星云棋牌官网下载   YANGFANGCANZHEIYISHIQIDESHANSHUISHIYIFULIHUAYANWEIZHU,YINMONIHENJIGUOZHONG、MIAOXIEFANWEIGUOYUXIAZHAI,DAOZHISHIGEGEXINGBUGOUTUCHU,XIANZHILEQISHIGECHENGJIU。JINGUANHOULAIZAIYUANMEIYINGXIANGZHIXIASHAOXIFUHUAZHISE,DANQICUOCAILOUJINDEDISERENGCUN。LANYONGHUALICIZAO,SHIYUDUIDUOHEFANSUO,JIURONGYIYANMEISHIZHONGZHIQING,ZHEIYEZHAOZHILEXUDUORENDEPIPING,RUHONGLIANGJIJIUCENGZHICHUQISHIGEDUOROUSHAOGU。WANQINGSHIQIDUITADEPIPINGYOUSHEN,CHENTINGZHUOYUN:“JINKUIERYANG(RONGSHANG、LISHANG),GONGWEIQIYU,GAOZHEYIBUGUOWUYUANCI、XUDIANFAZHIYA,BUZUYUYUDAYA。”[2]118ZHUTINGZHENPINGYUE:“YANGRONGSHANG、LISHANGKUNJI,XUECHUTANGSIZIJIWENLIXIKUNZHEYE。HUADUOSHISHAO,YOUYUCIWEIJIAN,ZHONGLEISHENGUZHIBING。RONGSHANGPOGONGSILIU,SHIZEPINGEBUGAO。”[3]2366TONGYANGZHICHUQISHIGEDEFENGYUZHIBING,KEJIANYANGFANGCANQIANQISHIGECHENGJIUBUGAO。

                    (二)乾隆四十四年至乾隆五十二年:苍劲雄健

                    YANGFANGCANSHENGYUFUSHUDEJIANGNAN,ZIBAGONGBEIRENMINGWEIGANSUFUQIANGXIANLINGBIANYOUHUAICAIBUYUZHIGAN,YIZHIMENMENBULE。PENGWENQINANWEITA:“RENSHENGYUHE,MINGYE。ZHIXIANRENYIFEIQING,NULIWEIZHIKEER。”[4]644SUYOUDAZHIDEYANGFANGCANKUNYUBIANCHUIXIAOLIRENSHANG,DUIJINGSHANGHUAICHENGWEIZHEIYISHIQIQISHIGECHUANGZUODEZHULIU。《HUACHAOQIANYIRIFULANZHOUTUZHONGZATI》SHITAQICHENGFUGANSUTUZHONGSUOZUO,QIZHONG“WEILIUQINGWANWAN,WEICHULVCHACHA”“YIPIANQINGUANYUE,LIUGUANGRUYUANCHUN”DENGSHIJUSUISHELONGZHONGJINGWU,DANQINGXINYAZHI,FENGGEYIRUQIANQI。BUGUOCISHIDUOGANSHANGXINGLVPIAOBOZHIKU,YISHAODAIBEILIANGZHIGAN,YIKEBATASHIZUOYANGFANGCANSHIFENGZHUANBIANDEQIDIAN。《LIUPANSHAN》《GUODELONGXIAN》《SUGAOJIABAO》《WANZHIXIGONGYI》DENGSHIXIONGZHUANGZHIQIGENGNONG,DANCISHIDEYANGSHICHENNIYUZISHANGZITAN,QIZHONG“GUYUANGUIWEIDE,BOHUANYIRUHE”“JUCUJIEBEIHUAN,CUOTUOKUIZHUANGNIAN”DENGSHIJULIULUCHUWEIQUHESHANGGAN,NEIRONGXIAZHAI,GEDIAOBUGAO。

                    《FUQIANGJISHISHI》SHIYANGFANGCANSHIFENGDEZHUANZHEDIAN,WUZHENPINGJIACISHINAI“YOUWUZHIYAN,KECANSHICHENG”[4]121,RENWEIZHEISHOUSHIDALEIDUSHI,KECHENGSHISHI。YANGFANGCANCIHOUDESHIZUO,FENGGEDUOYICANGJIANXIONGHUNWEIZHU。GANSUGAOSHANDIEQI,JINGSECUGUANG,YANGFANGCANZHEIYISHIQIDESHANSHUISHIYEDUOXIEDEQISHIHAOMAI,RU《HELANSHANJIXUEGE》MIAOXIEZUOZHEMIANDUI“YINTAOBAIZHANGBADIQI,YULONGWANYANLUJIWEI”DEHELANSHANDAXUEDUIJIZHIJING,BUJINGAOHU“ANDESHOUXIEJIUJIEZHANG?ZHISHANGCENGDIANPIHECHANG,YIQUGAOGEZHONGSHANXIANG”,HAOMAIZHIQINGYOURANERSHENG。MIANDUIHUANGHEBINGFENGXUEDONGDEHANJIANJINGXIANG,TAZAI《HUANGHEBINGQIAO》ZHONGXIEDAO:“HESHENDONGYUJIANG,ZEFUJIANRUZHENG。YIPIANBOLIHUN,HUANGYANGSHENGJINGLING。”CHUCIZHIWAI,BEIMANGSHAN、XIONGERSHAN、HANGUGUAN、SHIFOXIADENGJINGGUANFENFENCHENGWEIYANGFANGCANDEMIAOXIEDUIXIANG,HUOCUOE,HUOGUIQI,HUOXIONGZHUANG,YUTAQIANQISHIGEXINGCHENGXIANMINGDUIBI。《KONGTONGSHANJIYOUYIBAIYUN》SHIZHEIYISHIQIYANGFANGCANDESHANSHUIZHANGPIAN,SHIYI“KONGTONGZHENXICHUI,WUYUETUIWEIBO”QISHOU,TUCHUKONGTONGSHANZAIZHONGSHANZHONGDEXIONGWEIZITAI,TANFUQI“TIANGUSHOUQU”“WANJINGLIQI”DETINGBAJUNLI,JINERDUITADEYUANYUANJINXINGKAOZHENG。SHIRENSHENRUSHANZHONG,YISANGEJINGDIANQIERU,XIANGXIMIAOXIELEKONGTONGSHANDEJINGGUAN。ZHONGFENGYIYANGSHISHIJIAOZHANXIAN,“LIEZHANG”HUANRAO,SHUMUCONGYU,YINZANGQIZHONGDEDAOGUAN“KONGXIANGFENRAO”,XUANHEGAOFEI,GUANZHILINGRENPIAOPIAOYUXIAN。BEILINGZE“SHOUFUKAOYIGAO,DOUJUANMUXIANNI”,QIXIANJUNZHISHI,LINGRENXINJINGDANZHAN,“WEIFENGMINGDIAN,ZHANGSONGYINJIAOGE。XIANTENGYABOTAO,AONUCUIPILI”YIJIANGBEILINGDE“JUEQI”ZHITAIKEHUADERUMUSANFEN。FUSHIXITAI,GUANQIFENGLUANXUANANG,“AIHE”TUANJI,JINGSEYOUYIQILI,QINGXINZHIJINGSHIZUOZHEXINQINGDEYIFANGSONG。SHIMOSHIRENZAICISHUHUAI,“QIGUANYAOXINHUN,KUANGYINHUOXIONGYI”,CISHIZHUANGKUOMEIJINGCHONGDANLEZUOZHEZISHANGQISHENZHIQING,QINGGANSHENGHUAFUYUSHIGEHONGWEIDEQIPO,GENGXIANXIONGHUN。ZHEISHOUSHIXIANGXIANGQIGUI,JIANGKONGTONGSHANFENGLINSONGZHI、WEIYATUWUZHIJINGCENGCENGXIECHU,JIEGOUYANJIN,YUYANGANGJIAN,KANCHENGYANGFANGCANSHANSHUISHIDEYAJUANZHIZUO,YESHILILAIMIAOXIEKONGTONGSHANDEDIANFANZHIZHANG。

                    CISHIDEYANGFANGCANBUJINSHIFENGFASHENGLEZHUANBIAN,SHENMEIYEFASHENGLEZHUANHUA。TAZAI《SONGHUAANSHIYUBA》ZHONGXIEDAO:“FANYINGCHOUZHIZUO,JISHAOSHEQIYANZHE,JUNKEBUCUN。YETUOERGUHUAMING,YUNJINGERQIAOFENGCHU。”[5]YANGFANGCANCISHIYIYOUYIBIKAIQIYANZHIFENG,RUWANGCHANGSUOYUN:“QIEGANSUJIEQIONGBIAN,FENGSHACANGMANG,SHANGUQUJUE……WANGERKAITUOXINXIONG,FAHUANGWENJIAN,XIQIXUEYUCAIYIJIANYUSHI。SHANLINTAIGEZHIYU,YIBUZUYIXIANJUNYEYI。”[6]2YANGFANGCANCISHICHUYUZHENGZHISHANGSHENGSHIQI,CHUNFENGDEYI,XIONGXINBOBO。GANSUZHUANGKUODEJINGGUANBUJINKAITUOLETADESHIYE,TUOKUANLEQISHIGENEIRONGHANGAIMIAN,YESHIQIWANZHANGHAOQINGDEYISHUFA,GUTAZHEIYISHIQIDESHANSHUISHIDADUOCANGJINGYOULI、QISHIXIONGZHUANG。

                    (三)乾隆五十三年至嘉庆二十年:古朴悲凉

                    MUQIANXUEJIELIUXINGDEKANFASHI,YANGFANGCANJINJINGRENZHIHOUCAIXINGCHENGQIHOUQIZHIPODANYADESHIFENG,QISHIBURAN,YANGSHIZAIGANSUDEZUIHOUSHINIANLISHIFENGJIUYIFASHENGBIANHUA。《YEGUODANZHENGXIA》YU《ZHONGGUODANZHENGXIA》LIANGSHOUSHIKEKANCHUMINGXIANBUTONG。《YEGUODANZHENGXIA》ZUOYUQIANLONGWUSHIYINIANYOUJINGSHIHUIGANSUQIJIAN,CISHIYANGSHIYINDANHESHIJIANXINZHONGFENMENWEICHU,ZHONGHUIGANSURANGTAGENGTIANPIAOBOZHIGAN。TAZAISHIZHONGYUN:“SHUBIANQINGFENGBUJIANREN,CHANGDUANTIANYAYUANXINGKE。DANZHENGXIALIHANSHUIQING,DANZHENGXIAPANGUYUEMING。”GUJIZHIQINGYIYUYANBIAO。《ZHONGGUODANZHENGXIA》ZUOYUJIAQINGSANNIANRENPINGLIANGZHIFUSHI,CISHIYANGFANGCANYISISHILIUSUI,XINTAIJIANJINCHENGSHU,MIANDUITONGYANGQINGJING,QISHIYUN:“KELUZHONGTINGYINXINGQIE,QINGYINJIANYAORENCHUXIA。HUISHOUCANXIAKONGWAIXIAO,YIHENXIANYUERUYINJIA。”ZUOZHESIJIWANGSHI,YINQINEIXINWUXIANGANKAI,DANBINGWEICAIQUZHISHUXIONGYIDEFANGSHI,ERYUJINGZHONGXIEQING,GUSHISHIGEYUWEIYOUZHANG,DAIYOUGUPOZHIFENG。CISHI,GANSUZHISHANYEBUZAIYIWEIYIXIONGHUNMIANMAOZHANXIAN,RU《YUZHONGKANSHAN》XIEXIBEIGAOSHANZAIQIUYUJINRUNXIAQINGLENGMINGJINGDEJINGXIANG,QIUYURUXI,SHANSEGENGCUI,QIGU“LENGCENG”,QIQI“XIAODAN”,WUYISIWUMEIZHISE,SHENWEIYOUJING,RANGZUOZHEPINGLANGAOYIN,YICHANGXIONGYI。CISHIQINGYAZHIPO,SHIWEIYANGSHIHOUQIYOUXIUZHIZUO。

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                    二、诗风转变原因探析

                    YANGFANGCANDESHANSHUISHIYOUQINGXINHUAYANZHUANWEIXIONGJIANBEIZHUANG,ZAIZHUANWEIZHIPOBEILIANG,BIANHUAJUDA,YUANYINZAIYUQISHIXUEZHUZHANGDEZHUANBIAN、WAIBUHUANJINGDEBIANQIANYIJIZISHENXINTAIDEBIANHUA。

                    (一)转益多师

                  星云棋牌官网下载   YANGFANGCANCHUSHENGYUWUXIDESHUXIANGSHIJIA,QIZUFUYANGXIAOYUAN、FUQINYANGHONGGUANJUYOUCAIMING。YANGSHIZAOQISHIGEMONILIUCHAOHETANGSHI,RUCHAKUISUOYUN:“NONGBUZHISHI,SHANGGUILIUDAI,XIAYANSANTANG。”[8]572ERQIYOUXIWANTANG,TEBIESHILISHANGYIN。TACENGBIAOMINGZIJIDESHIXUEZHUZHANG:“KUARONGXIUTAI,LIERBUQI,BUQUELUOQI,YIDIAOYANZHI……KANGSHOUQIANGU,YUXIWOSHI。”[4]3YANGFANGCANJIXUELIUCHAO,YOUBIAOBANGLISHANGYIN,JIAZHIJIANGNANSHANSHUIDEXIUMEIQILI,GUERTAZAOQIDESHANSHUISHIJIJINDIAOZHUOZHICI。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   GENSUIYUANMEIXUEXIZHIHOU,YANGFANGCANKAISHIFANSIZIJIDECHUANGZUO,ZIYUN:“YUYOUSHIZUOSHI,XIXUESANXIEJIQINGLIAN,WEIMIANJUMOZIFANG。”[4]639YISHIDAOZIJIZUOSHIDEMONIZHIBING。YUANMEITUICHONGXINGLING,JIQIANGDIAOSHIGECHUANGZUOYAOSHUFAZHENQINGSHIGAN。TAYOUWEIZENGEMINGQINGZHIJISHITANSHANGGUIGUJIANJIN、ZONGTANGZONGSONGDEQINGXIANG,SHENZHIBAMINGQIZIZONGTANGZHISHICHENGWEIXISHIZHIYING,KEJIANTADUIMANGMUMONIZHIFENGDEFANDUI。TAJIAODAOYANGFANGCAN:“XIWANGLANGYUXUEHUAZIYU,WEIQISIZHITAIGUO,SUOYIQUZHIYUYUAN。WUBEIDUSHUSHIYAOYUGURENHE,LUOBISHIYAOYUGURENLIYE。”[4]639YINHUIPIPINGLEYANGFANGCANSHIGEDEMONIZHIXI。YANGFANGCANSHOUYIPODUO,CHENG“YUYUSHISHIWUZUOSHIFA”[4]639。WANGPEIXUNPINGJIAYANGFANGCANYUN:“XIANSHENGSUIWEIYUANJIANZHAIJIMEN,SHISHIBUXIANGXIYE。”[9]52RENWEIYANGFANGCANBINGWEIXUEDAOYUANMEIDEXINGLINGZHIQI,SHIGEBUTUOHUAYANSECAI,XIANRANWANGPEIXUNDEGUANDIANGUOYUPIANMIAN。DUIYANGFANGCANSHANSHUISHIDEFENXI,KEYIZHENGMINGQIZUOPINBINGFEIYIWEIZUOQILIZHIYU,QIEYANGFANGCANYEPOWEIZANSHANGJUYOULINGQUDESHIGE,TAZAI《YAOLINSHICHAOXU》ZHONGYUN:“SHIYIJINHUICHIHUA,BUDIHUAWEIZHIMEI;SIZHUFAXIANG,ZHONGXUNSHANSHUIZHIYIN。QINGZHIZHEYUZIZHEN,ZHIHEZHESHENGZIYA,JIYANGZHONGLV,ZHAOFAJINLING,BUFANDIAOSHIZHIGONG,DONGHEJINGYINGZHIZOU。CIDONGFANGSHENGZHIDANCI,ERQIYUANLIZHITIANLAIYE。”[4]487KEJIAN,YANGFANGCANWULUNSHIQISHIXUEZHUZHANG,HAISHICHUANGZUOSHIJIAN,DOUSHOUDAOXINGLINGPAIDESHENKEYINGXIANG。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIGANSUYUWUZHENDEJIAOWANG,YEYINGXIANGDAOYANGSHIDESHIXUEGUANNIAN。QIANLONGSISHILIUNIAN,YANGFANGCANYUWUZHENYULANZHOUXIANGSHIDINGJIAO,ZHIHOU,LIANGRENCHANGYIQIPINPINGSHIWEN,WANGLAIMIQIE,ZAIPINFANDEJIAOLIUZHONG,ERRENDESHIXUEGUANNIANYEHUXIANGYINGXIANG。WUZHENJICHENGQISHINIUYUNZHENDEZHUZHANG,CHANGDAOGEDIAO。YANGFANGCANSHOUWUZHENYINGXIANGYEPOWEIZHONGSHIGELV。YANGSHIWANNIANHUIJINGZHIHOU,SHIGESUIYICHANGHEYINGCHOUWEIZHU,DANGELVYIGONG,POWEIRENSUOCHENGDAO,RUWUSONGLIANGZANQISHIYUN:“RONGSHANGNONGBUCAIHUAJUESHI,YUDILISHANGFANGBOZAOFUSHENGMING。SHINIANYIHOU,SHILVYIXI,ERZAOCAIBUDIAO。”[10]2649“SHILVYIXI”ZHIGONGSHILAIYUTABAGELVHEXINGLINGFANGZAITONGDENGZHONGYAODEWEIZHI,JIBIXINGLINGZHIQIANLV,YOUQUGEDIAOZHISEMEN,DIAOHEERZHESUOZHANG,BUJINTIGAOLEZISHENSHIGEDEYISHUJIAZHI,ZHONGCHENGQIANJIASHITANJUBO,ERQIEWEIHOUSHISHIRENCHUANGZUOTIGONGLEFANLI,JUYOUDIANFANYIYI。

                    (二)江山之助

                  星云棋牌官网下载   DIYUCHAYISHIYINGXIANGWENXUEFENGGEXINGCHENGDEZHONGYAOYINSU。ZHONGGUONANBEIFENGJINGJIONGSHU,QIYUWENRENCHUANGZUOYIYINGXIANGSHENYUAN。GUANYUNANBEIWENXUEDELUNSHU,JINDAIXUEZHELIUSHIPEI《NANBEIWENXUEBUTONGLUN》JIANGJIEZUIWEIXIANGXI,TACONGYUYINHEDILIHUANJINGDEBUTONGDUINANBEIWENXUEJINXINGFENXI,YOUGOULECHUXIANQINZHIQINGMONANBEIWENXUEDEBUTONG,GUANYUQINGCHAODELUNSHUZIZHUANLURUXIA,YIGONGCANKAO:

                  星云棋牌官网下载   QINGDAIZHONGYE,BEIFANGZHITU,XIANPUSAIJIANRONG,ZHILVEWUWEN;NANFANGWENREN,ZEQUPIANSANWEIERTI:ZHISANWENZHE,GONGYULIHEJISHEZHIFA,YISHENYUNWEIZHU,ZEBIANYUKONGSHU,YIZIJU、GAOWENWEICHASHENG;ZHIJIAOWENZHE,YIYIZHAIJUXUNZHANGWEIZHU,YIMANYANXUANSU,HUOLIUWEIHUIXIE,YIZHIWEI、RONGFUWEIZUIJING。RUOFUSHIGEYITI,HUOCHONGSHENGLV,HUOSHANGXIUCI,HUOJINFENGDIAO,PAIBIEJIONGSHU。RANXIONGJIANZHIZUO,GAIHUQIWEIWENYE。GUGUANHURENWEN,YIKEYICHASHIBIANYI。[11]111

                  星云棋牌官网下载   DIYUYUSHIFENGGUANXIMIQIE,BEIFANGKUANGUANGWUYIN,GUQISHIGEDUOHAOMAIBENFANG,NANFANGSHANMINGSHUIXIU,SHIGEDUOQINGXINQILI。DIYUFENGMAOYINGXIANGSHIRENSHENMEIGUAN,ERSHENMEIGUANDEBUTONGBIRANHUIDAOZHISHIFENGDEBIANHUA,YANGFANGCANSHIFENGDEBIANHUAYUDIYUCHAYIMIQIEXIANGLIAN。TASHENGYUJIANGNAN,RENZHIYUGANSU,JIULIANGDIJINGJIZHUANGKUANGERYAN,MINGQINGZHIJI,JIANGNANSHIQUANGUOJINGJIYUWENHUAZHONGXIN,SHANGPINSHENGCHANFADA,LIUTONGGUIMOKONGQIAN。LONGYOUCHUYUSANQINHEXIYUDEGUODUDAI,LILAISHIBINGJIABIZHENGZHIDI,ZHANLUANPINFA,QIEDICHUGAOYUAN,QIHOUELIE,BULIYUNONGYEFAZHAN,JIAOZHONGYUANHEJIANGNANDIQUGENGPINQIONGLUOHOU。YANGSHI《NINGXIACAIFENGSHI》SHENKEFANYINGLENINGXIARENMINSHENGHUOKUNKUDEQINGZHUANG。SHEHUIRENWENFANGMIAN,JIANGNANPUBIANZHONGSHIWENHUAJIAOYU,CHONGWENSHANGJIAODEWENHUAFENWEIGENGSHICIDIRENCAIBEICHU。JUTONGJI,MINGQINGZHIJI,QUANGUOYOUSIFENZHIYIDEZHUANGYUANJIECHUYUCI,QINGDAICHANGZHOUSHIRENQUNGENGSHIMINGJIABEICHU。YUZHIXIANGBI,LONGYOUMINFENGBIAOHAN,QIEHUIMINZHONGDUO,HANHUIZHIJIANSHIYOUMOCA,ZHANZHENGBUDUAN,GUDUOHUSHIWENHUAJIAOYU。ZIRANHUANJINGFANGMIAN,WUXIWEIYUJIANGSUSHENGNANBU,QIHOUWENHE,TUDIFEIWO,HUGUANGSHANSE,FENGJINGXIULI,DETIANSHIDILIZHIYI。YANGFANGCANSHENGYUCIDI,WEIQISHIGECHUANGZUOTIGONGLEWENCHUANG,QIEJIAN“WUXIJIEHUZHEYOUZHIDI,WUMINGSHANDACHUANZHIJIAN。”[12]97SHENCHUJIANGNANQILIDESHANSHUIJINGSEZHONG,YANGFANGCANQIANQIDESHANSHUISHIYEDUOMIAOXIEQINHUAIGEWU、XIUMEISHANCHUAN,ZHANXIANLENANFANGWENHUADEXIUMEIXIANXI。LONGYOUDUOXIANSHAN、GEBI、HUANGMO,SHANCHUANXIONGQI,GENGYOUHUANGHEHENGGUANQIZHONG,YANGFANGCANYEJINGTANQIZHUANGLIZHIJING:“WEICHANGBULANSHANCHUANZHIXIONGQI,DUYUNWUZHIHUANLI,BEIYINGHAOZHIWUMEI,KAILINGGUZHIQIANMAO。SITUOSHIGEYIFANGHUAIBAO,WURUXINGLINGZUOYAO,YANMOJIUSHU。SHITANJIANGSHANZHIZHUREN,BUDIFENGCHENZHIKUNWOYE。”QICANGMANGZHUANGKUOYUXINGHUAWEIYUDEJIANGNANJIERANBUTONG。LONGYOUDEZIRANDILIHUANJINGWEIYANGFANGCANSHANSHUISHIMIAOXIETIGONGLEDALIANGSUCAI,ERHUANGHANQIKUDEQIHOUYEMOLIANLEYANGFANGCANDEYIZHI,SHITADESHIFENGZHUBUZHUANXIANGCHENXIONGBEILIANG。

                    (三)心态转变

                    JUZAI,YANGFANGCANSHENGSHIYOU“WUSEQUEXIANGJISHUANGSHUJIAN”[4]633,SUISHUHUANGDAN,DANYANGFANGCANQUESHITIANZICONGYING。TASANSUIXI《SISHU》,SISUISONGTANGSHI,GUOMUBUWANG,LINGRENCHENGQI。XIJUZIYEHOU,ZAIXIANGSHI、KESHI、SUISHIZHONG“GUXUE、JINGJIE、SHIWENJUDIYI”[4]640。QIANWEIQIAO《LVSUBUMEIYITONGLIGUJIAODESHIBASHOU》QIQIYIYANGFANGCAN,SHIYUN:“DANGDAIWUXUYU,LIANGXIDESIYIN。CAIYOUTONGYUNYU,SUJINGSHAOFENJIN。RUODIWEIQINZHUI,XINZHIGANYUEYIN。QINGYUNYINULI,JIANQIBUZHONGCHEN。”[13]128CISHIZUOYUQIANLONGSISHIYINIAN(1776)QIUJI,YANGFANGCANSHINIANERSHISISUI,SHANGWEIBAGONG,DANYIYOUCAIMING,QIANSHICISHIKENDINGLEYANGFANGCANDECAIQING,BINGJILITAYINGJIXUNULI。ZONGERYANZHI,YANGFANGCANZAIJIANGNANSHENGHUOZHIDEYIMAN,ZHEIYESHIQIQIANQISHIGEJIDIAOQINGSONGYUKUAIDEYUANYINZHIYI。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   RENZHIGANSUZHIHOU,YANGFANGCANSHIGEKAISHIFASHENGBIANHUA。QIANLONGSISHILIUNIAN,FUQIANGHUIMINQISHI,GONGXIANHEZHOU,WANGTINGZANHEYANGFANGCANHELIPINGDINGLEZHEICHANGZHANLUAN。QIANLONGSISHIJIUNIAN,SHIFENGBAOHUIMINBAODONG,JINGONGFUQIANGXIANCHENG,YANGFANGCANSHENWEIXIANLING,MAOZHESHENGMINGWEIXIANTIQIANFANGSHOU,SHIDEWUYILVZHISHIDEFUQIANGXIANCHENGJIANRUTIEBI,BINGZUIZHONGQUDELEZHANZHENGDESHENGLI。LIJINGLIANGCIZHANZHENG,YANGFANGCANBIANDEGENGJIAJIANDING。HOUYANGFANGCANYINSHOUCHENGZHIGONGDEFUKANGANBAOZOU,JINJINGJINJIANHUANGDI,QUEHUZAODANHE,WEIQI“MAOXIAOJUNXIANG,YONGHOUZI,SHIYIJUANSHUXIANXINGYI”[4]650。HUANGDISUIWEICHENGFA,DANRENGLELINGZHUIPEI。JIAOFUWANPEIJIN,TAJIXIANYUJUEJING,ZIYUN“YUZHONGSHIZHIHAOFAN,ERCHUIHUOWANGWANGDUANJUE”[4]650。ZHENGZHIBUSHUNLINGTAXINHUIYILENG,WEIQINGZUIBIXIAN,XIEFUQIANGSHI。HOUSUIRENGFENGZHIHUIGANSURENZHILINGZHOU,DANLINGZHOURENSHANGWEIFASHENGDADEZAINANJIZHANLUAN,YANGFANGCANZHENGWUZHIYUYIBIANSHU、JIAOYOUWEILE。QIANQIZHENGZHISHIYISHIQICANZHENGREQINGJIANTUI,RUTASUOYUN:“KEXINDANWUYING,SHANGUANYANXUJING。”JIAZHISHENGHUOANWEN,YANGFANGCANXINTAIYEYOUFENJIZHUANXIANGPINGHE,QISHIFENGYEZHUBUFASHENGZHUANHUA。JIAQINGWUNIAN,YANGFANGCANRUJINGRENHUBUGUANGDONGSIYUANWAILANG,CONGBIANJIANGXIAOLIYIYUEERCHENGCHAOTINGMINGGUAN,TEBIESHIZAIJIAQINGLIUNIANDANREN《HUIDIAN》BIANXIUGUANHOU,GUANZHISUIBUGAO,DANZUXIANGHANLINQINGYU。JINGCHENGWENRENZHONGDUO,YANGSHIJINJINGZHIHOU,BIANYUZHANGWENTAO、WANGDUANGUANG、ZHAOHUAIYU、FASHISHANDENGWENRENJIAOWANGMIQIE,WEISHICIZHIJIAO。CISHITADESHIGEDUOCHANGHEJIJIXINGZHIZUO,FANYINGQISHENGHUOJIXINJINGDEPINGHE。JIAQINGSHIYINIAN,YANGSHIYINDINGYOUCIGUANGAOGUI,HOUWEISHENGJIGU,ZHANZHUANYUZHEJIANG、SHANXI、CHENGDOUDENGDISHUYUAN,YUJIAQINGERSHINIANKESICHENGDOU。YANGSHIHOUQILIJINGSHENGLISIBIE、LIUYUTAXIANG、SHENGHUOKUNJIONGZHONGZHONGZHUANGKUANG,JIAZHIZISHENNIANLAOLISHUAI,YICAOYIMUDOUNENGCHUDONGQIBEILIANGZHIQING,GUCISHISHANSHUISHIBUZAISHITAHAOQINGZHUANGZHI、SHIGECHOUHEDEZAITI,ZHUANERSHUQIJIAYUANZHITONG、SHENGMINGZHIBEI,FENGGEYIQINGYOUGUJIWEIZHU。

                    三、结语

                    YANGFANGCANZAONIANSHANSHUISHIYIGUTISHIWEIZHU,YOUYIQIYANGUSHIJUDUO,WANNIANZEJINTISHIZENGDUO,YOUYIQILVWEIZHU,ZHEIYUTAWANNIANCHONGSHANGDUFUDECHUANGZUOLUJINGXIANGHE,YEYOUZHUYUBAWOQISHIFENGDEBIANHUA。CONGNEIRONGFANGMIANJIANGQIXIFEN,KEKANCHUTAZHUYAOHUANRAO“YOUWANGUANSHANG”YU“JILVSHUHUAI”LIANGDAZHUTIERXIE。YOUWANGUANSHANGLEIDESHIGEZHUYAOCHUANGZUOYUTAERSHILIUSUIZHIQIANJIBULINGZHOUZHIZHOUYIHOU,CILEISHIGEMIAOXIERUWEI,ZHUANGWUSHENGDONG,HUOQINGSONGYUYUE,HUOXIONGHUNZHUANGKUO,XUSHIXINGGENGQIANG。YIJILVSHUHUAIWEIZHUTIDESHIGEDUOCHUANGZUOYUCHURENGANSUJIHOUQIBENBOJIANGXUEQIJIAN,JIEJINGSHUQING,QIENENGRONGQINGRUJING,SHIGEJIDIAOYOUJIBEILIANG,SHUQINGXINGGENGQIANG。ZHEILIANGDAZHUTIDESHANSHUISHICHUANGZUOYEYUQISHIFENGZHUANBIANMIQIEXIANGGUAN。

                    ZONGERYANZHI,TAQIANQIYILISHANGYINWEIXUEXIDUIXIANG,HOUDIAOHEXINGLINGSHUOHEGEDIAOSHUO,SHIQISHIGEZHUBUBAITUOMONI。YOUYINQIANHOUSHENGHUODIYUDECHAYIJIXINJINGDEBIANHUA,SHIFENGYEYOUXIONGHAOZHUANWEIGUPO。JIUQISHANSHUISHICHUANGZUOERYAN,RENZHIGANSUQIJIANCHUANGZUOSHULIANGZUIDUO,CHENGJIUYEZUIGAO,DANYUQIDIYANGKUI、ZHANGWENTAODENGXIANGBI,TADESHANSHUISHICHUANGZUOWULUNSHINEIRONGHAISHISHULIANGDOULVEXUNYICHOU。YIYANGFANGCANZHICAI、SUOLIZHIJING,SHISHUYIHAN。RANYANGSHISHANSHUISHIWEIQINGDAISHANSHUISHIJILONGYOUSHIDOUTIANSHANGLENONGMOZHONGCAIDEYIBI,ZHONGYAOXINGBUKEHUSHI。DUIZHIJINXINGFENXI,KEYOUZHUYULIJIEQISHIFENGZHUANBIANLICHENG,YIKEJIASHENDUIYANGFANGCANBENRENWENXUECHUANGZUODELIJIE。

                    参考文献

                    [1] 洪亮吉.北江诗话[M].北京:人民文学出版社,1983.
                    [2]陈廷焯.白雨斋词话[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,2009.
                    [3]清诗话续编:筱园诗话[M].郭绍虞,编选.富涛荪,点校.上海:上海古籍出版社,1983.
                    [4] 杨绪容,靳建明.杨芳灿集[M].北京:人民文学出版社,2014.
                    [5]冉耀斌.杨芳灿集外诗文拾遗———兼谈杨芳灿与清代中期陇右诗人的交游[J].吉林大学社会科学学报,2018(4):194-202,208.
                    [6] 续修四库全书:真率斋初稿[M].纪昀,编选.上海:上海古籍出版社,2002.
                    [7]法式善.梧门诗话[M].乌鲁木齐:新疆大学出版社,2006.
                    [8] 续修四库全书:筼谷诗文钞[M].纪昀,编选.上海:上海古籍出版社,2002.
                    [9] 续修四库全书:听雨楼随笔[M].纪昀,编选.上海:上海古籍出版社,2002.
                    [10]清诗话三编:第一四七七册[M].郭绍虞,张寅彭,编选.上海:上海古籍出版社,2014.
                    [11]周国林.刘师培儒学论集[M].成都:四川大学出版社,2010.
                    [12] 无锡县志:卷二[M].李勇先,王会豪,点校.成都:四川大学出版社,2009.
                  星云棋牌官网下载   [13] 续修四库全书:竹初诗抄[M].纪昀,编选.上海:上海古籍出版社,2002.

                    注释

                  星云棋牌官网下载   1BENWENSHIGEJUNZHUANYINZIYANGXURONG、JINJIANMINGDIANXIAODE《YANGFANGCANJI》,RENMINWENXUECHUBANSHE2014NIANBAN。

                    王艳欣.杨芳灿诗风转变探究——以其山水诗创作为例[J].重庆第二师范学院学报,2020,33(01):52-56+128.
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