星云棋牌官网下载

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                                    船舶签证取消后的违法行为及其监管建议

                                    时间:2019-01-14 来源:世界海运 作者:刘燕起,刘进军,盖晓志 本文字数:4285字

                                      摘    要:星云棋牌官网下载 船舶进出港签证制度已经取消了一段时间,签证取消后,在海事监管实践中出现了一些新情况,也发生了一些海事违法案例。面对船舶签证取消后海事监管的新形势,如何保障海事监管的高效、有序成为新课题。介绍之前海事船舶签证模式及发挥过的作用,并重点对签证取消后出现的相关海事违法案例进行分析,深入探讨这些违法行为产生的原因,提出相应的海事监管建议,以期对航运公司、船员及海事执法人员有所帮助。

                                      关键词: 签证; 违法行为; 海事监管;

                                      HAISHICHUANBOQIANZHENGDUIJIAQIANGCHUANBOANQUANJIANDUGUANLI、GUIFANCHUANBOHANGXINGXINGWEI、BAOZHANGCHUANBOHERENMINGCAICHANANQUAN、CUJINHANGYUNJINGJIFAZHANQIDAOGUOSHIFENJIJIDEZUOYONG[1]。SUIZHEJINGJI、SHEHUIHEXINXIJISHUDEFAZHANYIJIZHENGFUDEZHILILINIAN、FANGSHIDEZHUANBIAN,GUONEIHANGXINGHAICHUANHENEIHEHANGXINGCHUANBOJINCHUGANGBAOGAOZHIDUXIANHOUYU2016NIAN11YUEHE2017NIAN3YUESHISHI,ZHEIBIAOZHIZHECHUANBOJINCHUGANGQIANZHENGZHIDUZAIZHONGGUOZHENGSHITUICHULISHIWUTAI。CHUANBOQIANZHENGDEQUXIAOBIANLILECHUANBOJINCHUGANG,YOUXIAOJIANGDILECHUANBOYUNYINGCHENGBEN、SHIJIANCHENGBEN。MUQIAN,TIDAICHUANBOQIANZHENGDEJINCHUGANGBAOGAOZHIDUYIJINGYUNXINGLEYIDUANSHIJIAN,ZAIBIANLICHUANBOJINCHUGANG,JIANGDICHUANBOYUNYINGCHENGBEN、SHIJIANCHENGBENFANGMIANCHENGXIAOXIANZHE。TONGSHI,YINWEIHAISHIJIANGUANMOSHIDEBIANHUA,ZAIHAISHIJIANGUANSHIJIANZHONGYECHANSHENGLEYIXIEXINWENTI,XUYAOHAISHIZHIFARENYUANZAIHAISHIJIANGUANZHONGYOUDEFANGSHI、ZHONGDIANYINGDUI,YIBAOZHANGCHUANBOQIANZHENGQUXIAOHOUHAISHIJIANGUANDEGAOXIAO、YOUXU。

                                      一、之前船舶签证及其作用

                                      1. 船舶签证简介

                                      1952NIAN,《BENGUOLUNCHUANJINCHUKOUZANXINGGUANLIBANFA》QUELILEZHONGGUOJICHUANBOHANGXINGYUZHONGGUOGANGKOUSHISHICHUANBOQIANZHENGDEZHIDU,HOUJIJINGBIANGE,2007NIANJINGXIUDINGDE《CHUANBOQIANZHENGGUANLIGUIZE》(YIXIAJIANCHENG“07GUIZE”)ZHENGSHISHIXING。“07GUIZE”GUIDINGXIALIEQINGKUANGXUYAOBANLIQIANZHENG:(YI)YOUGANGNEISHICHUGANGWAI;(ER)YOUGANGWAISHIRUGANGNEI;(SAN)YINZUOYEXUYAOZAIGANGNEIHANGXINGSHICHUGANGNEIBOWEI;(SI)YINZUOYEXUYAOZAIGANGNEIHANGXINGSHIRUGANGNEIBOWEI;(WU)SHICHUCHUANBOXIUZAO(CHANG)DIAN、GANGWAIZUOYEDIAN、HAISHANGZUOYEPINGTAI;(LIU)SHIRUCHUANBOXIUZAO(CHANG)DIAN、GANGWAIZUOYEDIAN、HAISHANGZUOYEPINGTAI。

                                      2. 船舶签证的作用

                                      “07GUIZE”DIQITIAOGUIDING:SHENQINGBANLICHUGANGQIANZHENGDECHUANBOYINGDANGCHUYUSHIHANGHUOZHESHITUOZHUANGTAI,BINGYINGTIJIAOCHUANBOGUOJIZHENGSHU、JIANYANZHENGSHU、CHUANBOZUIDIANQUANPEIYUANZHENGSHU、CHUANYUANSHIRENZHENGSHU、FANGZHIYOUWUZHENGSHU、ANQUANGUANLIZHENGSHU、GONGSIANQUANGUANLITIXIFUHEZHENGMINGFUBEN、ANQUANJIANCHAJILUBUDENGCAILIAO。ZHENGSHIYOUYUZHEIYANGDEGUIDING,CHUANBOQIANZHENGCHENGWEICHUANBOHANGXINGQIANDEYICHANG“XIAOKAO”,HANGAILECHUANBOANQUANGUANLI、WEIXIANPINYUFANGWURANGUANLI、CHUANYUANGUANLI、GUIFEIZHENGSHOU、ZHUANXIANGHUODONGDENGZHONGDUOJIANGUANYAOSU。

                                      二、船舶签证取消后相关违法案例分析

                                      作为船舶航行前“小考”的船舶签证取消后,除了故意关闭AIS、不进行船舶进出港报告等恶性违法行为外,部分船舶在这种“免试”营运状态下还屡屡出现其他违法行为,涉及船舶检验证书、安全管理证书、符合证明、船舶申报、报告、船舶规费、未按照证书要求执行、未办理相应手续等诸多方面。
                                     

                                    船舶签证取消后的违法行为及其监管建议
                                     

                                      1. 涉及船舶检验证书的违法行为

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   XIANGGUANANLI:HAISHIZHIFARENYUANZAI“A”LUNXIANCHANGJIANCHASHI,FAXIANGAILUNHAISHANGHUOCHUANSHIHANGZHENGSHU、HAISHANGCHUANBOFANGZHIYOUWUZHENGSHU、HAISHANGCHUANBOFANGZHISHENGHUOWUSHUIWURANZHENGSHU、HAISHANGCHUANBOFANGZHIKONGQIWURANZHENGSHU、HAISHANGCHUANBOZAIZHONGXIANZHENGSHUJUNYIGUOQI。GAILUNZAIJIANYANZHENGSHUGUOQIHOURENGZAIYUNYING,ZHIFARENYUANZAIDUIQICAIQUZHILIUCUOSHIDETONGSHI,GENJUXIANGGUANHAISHIFAGUIDUIGAILUNJINXINGLEXINGZHENGCHUFA。

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   CHUANJIANZHENGSHUYOUCHUANJIANJIGOUQIANFA,ZHENGSHUGUOQISHICHANGJIANDEWEIFAXINGWEI,GAILEIXIANXIANGWANGWANGYOUHANGYUNGONGSIWEILEGANCHUANQIERHUSHICHUANBOJIANYANSHIJIANSUOZHI。HAISHIXINXIHUAXITONGDEBUWANSHANYIJIYUCHUANJIANBUMENXINXIJIAOHUANDEBUJISHI,YEDUIHAISHIBUMENDIYISHIJIANJINGZHUNDAJIGAILEIWEIFAXINGWEIZAOCHENGLEYIDINGKUNNAN,SHIHANGYUNGONGSICHANSHENGLEYIDINGDEJIAOXINGXINLI。

                                      2. 涉及安全管理证书、符合证明的违法行为

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   XIANGGUANANLI:HAISHIZHIFARENYUANZAIDUI“B”LUNJINXINGXIANCHANGJIANCHASHIFAXIAN,GAILUNGUANLIGONGSIFUHEZHENGMINGYOUXIAOQIWEI2017NIAN5YUE10RIZHI2022NIAN5YUE9RI,2018NIAN4YUE20RIJINXINGNIANDUSHENHEQIANZHU。DANJINGDIAOCHAHESHI,GAILUNGUANLIGONGSIDEFUHEZHENGMINGBINGWEIZAI2018NIAN4YUE20RIJINXINGGUONIANDUSHENHEQIANZHU,QIEYIJINGYU2017NIAN10YUE18RIZHUXIAOSHIXIAO,GAILUNGUANLIGONGSIFUHEZHENGMINGZHENGSHUXINXIYUSHIJIQINGKUANGBUFU。GAILUNZAIGUANLIGONGSIFUHEZHENGMINGZHENGSHUGUOQIHOU,RENGLIYONGJIADEFUHEZHENGMINGYUNYINGLEXIANGDANGZHANGYIDUANSHIJIAN,ZHIFARENYUANZAIDUIQICAIQUZHILIUCUOSHIDETONGSHI,GENJUXIANGGUANHAISHIFAGUIDUIGAILUNJINXINGLEXINGZHENGCHUFA。

                                      GUONEIHANGXINGHAICHUANDEANQUANGUANLIZHENGSHU、FUHEZHENGMINGYOUHAISHIBUMENQIANFA,SUIZHEANQUANGUANLITIXISHENHEDERIQUYANGE,GAILEIZHENGSHUCHANGJIANDEWEIFAXINGWEIBUZHIYOUZHENGSHUGUOQI,HAIYOUZHENGSHUZAOJIA。HAISHIXIANCHANGZHIFAZHONG,TONGGUOANQUANGUANLIZHENGSHU、FUHEZHENGMINGERWEIMASAOMIAO,KEYIYOUXIAOHECHAZHENGSHUYOUXIAOXING,DAJIGAILEIWEIFAXINGWEI。

                                      3. 涉及船舶申报、报告的违法行为

                                      XIANGGUANANLI:HAISHIZHIFARENYUANZAIDUI“C”LUNJINXINGXIANCHANGJIANCHASHIFAXIAN,GAILUNZAIYUNSANZHUANGSHIYINGSHAJINGANGXIEHUO,DANWEIJINXINGCHUANBOZAIYUNBZUYIWAIGUTISANZHUANGHUOWUBAOGAO。SHIYINGSHASHUYU《GUOJIHAIYUNGUTISANZHUANGHUOWUGUIZE》CZUGUTISANZHUANGHUOWU,WEIBZUYIWAIGUTISANZHUANGHUOWU,GAILUNZAIJINGANGQIAN24XIAOSHIWEIANGUIDINGXIANGHAISHIJIGOUBAOGAOCHUANBOXINXIYIJIHUOWUXINXI,CONGERZAOCHENGLEGAILUNZAIYUNBZUYIWAIGUTISANZHUANGHUOWUJINCHUGANGKOUQIANWEIXIANGHAISHIGUANLIJIGOUBAOGAODEWEIFAXINGWEI,QIXINGWEIWEIFANLE《HAIYUNGUTISANZHUANGHUOWUANQUANJIANDUGUANLIGUIDING》DISHIERTIAODEGUIDING,HAISHIBUMENYIFADUIGAILUNJINXINGLEXINGZHENGCHUFA。

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   《HAIYUNGUTISANZHUANGHUOWUANQUANJIANDUGUANLIGUIDING》2019NIAN3YUE1RIZHENGSHISHISHI,BUFENHANGYUNGONGSI、CHUANYUANWEIJISHIXUEXIXIANGGUANYAOQIU,ZAOCHENGLEWEIFAXINGWEI。CHUANBOSHENBAO、BAOGAOZHUYAOSHEJICHUANBOZAIYUNWEIXIANHUOWUJIGUTISANZHUANGHUOWU,ERSUIZHEGUOJIA“JIANZHENGFANGQUAN”GAIGEDEBUDUANSHENRUYIJIDUIHAIYANGHUANJINGBAOHUDERIYIZHONGSHI,CHUANBOSHENBAO、BAOGAOXIANGGUANFALVFAGUIBIANHUAJIAOKUAI,BUFENHANGYUNGONGSI、CHUANYUANBUJISHIXUEXIZUIXINFALVFAGUI,DUIXIANGGUANYAOQIUBUSHUXI、BUZHONGSHI,JIYIZAOCHENGHAISHIWEIFAXINGWEI。

                                      4. 涉及船舶规费的违法行为

                                      XIANGGUANANLI:HAISHIZHIFARENYUANSHIYONGCHUANBOBAOGAOXITONGHEGANGKOUJIANSHEFEIZHENGSHOUXITONGDUIGANGJIANFEIJIHESHIFAXIAN“D”LUNHUOWUCHUGANGSHIWEIJIAONAGANGKOUJIANSHEFEI,WEIFANLE《GANGKOUJIANSHEFEIZHENGSHOUSHIYONGGUANLIBANFA》YOUGUANGUIDING,ZHIFARENYUANYIJU《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOHAISHANGHAISHIXINGZHENGCHUFAGUIDING》DISANSHISITIAODUIQIJINXINGLEXINGZHENGCHUFA。

                                      SUIZHECHUANBOGANGWUFEIDEQUXIAO,CHUANBOGUIFEILEIDEWEIFAXINGWEIZHUYAOSHEJIGANGKOUJIANSHEFEIJIYOUWUJIJIN,HAISHIBUMENKEYITONGGUOCHUANBOBAOGAOXITONG、GANGKOUJIANSHEFEIZHENGSHOUXITONGFAXIANWENTIXIANSUO,ZAIJINXINGXIANCHANGJINYIBUHESHIDEFANGSHICHACHUXIANGGUANWEIFAXINGWEI。

                                      5. 未按照证书要求执行的违法行为

                                      XIANGGUANANLI:MOUXIAOXINGYOUCHUAN“E”LUNDEHAISHANGCHUANBOFANGZHIYOUWUZHENGSHUZHONGJIZAILEPAIYOUJIANKONGXITONGHEYOUSHUIJIEMIANTANCEQIDEMIANCHUTIAOJIAN,DIYITIAOSHI“GAIYOUCHUANJINZAIJUZUIJINLUDI50HAILIYINEIQIEHANGCHENGSHIJIANBUCHAOGUO72XIAOSHIDEXIANDINGHANGQUYINGYUN”,ERGAILUNZUIJINYIGEHANGCIHANGCHENGSHIJIANCHAOGUO72XIAOSHI,QIEZAICIQIJIANGAILUNWEIJINXINGRENHEYOUXINGHUNHEWUJIESHOUZUOYE,BUJUBEIMIANCHUPAIYOUJIANKONGXITONGHEYOUSHUIJIEMIANTANCEQIDETIAOJIAN,ZHEIJIUZAOCHENGLEXIANGYINGDEWEIFAXINGWEI。

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   GAILEIWEIFAXINGWEIWANGWANGXUYAOJIEHEZHENGSHUDEXIANGXIYAOQIUCAINENGFAXIAN。YIXIECHUANBODEZUIDIANQUANPEIYUANZHENGSHUZHUMINGLEPEIYUANJIANSHAODETIAOJIAN,RUGUOCHUANBOHANGXINGSHIJIANDENGMEIYOUMANZUXIANGYINGTIAOJIAN,ZEYOUKENENGCHANSHENGQUESHAOZUIDIANQUANPEIYUANDEWEIFAXINGWEI。HAIYOUYIXIECHUANBODESHIHANGZHENGSHUZHUMINGLECHUANBOSHIHANGDEYIXIEFUJIAYAOQIU,ZHEIXIEDOUXUYAOHAISHIZHIFARENYUANZAIHAISHIJIANGUANZHONGDUOJIAGUANZHU。

                                      6. 未办理相应手续的行为

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   XIANGGUANANLI:《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOCHUANBOWURANHAIYANGHUANJINGYINGJIFANGBEIHEYINGJICHUZHIGUANLIGUIDING》DISHIBATIAOGUIDING:1WANZONGDUNYISHANGDEZAIYUNFEISANZHUANGYETIWURANWEIHAIXINGHUOWUDECHUANBO,QIJINGYINGRENYINGDANGZAICHUANBOJINGANGQIANHUOZHEGANGWAIZHUANGXIE、GUOBOZUOYEQIAN,ANZHAOYAOQIUYUXIANGYINGDECHUANBOWURANQINGCHUDANWEIQIANDINGCHUANBOWURANQINGCHUXIEYI。HAISHIZHIFARENYUANZAIDUIMOUYEHUOCHUAN“F”LUNJINXINGXIANCHANGJIANCHASHI,FAXIANGAILUNZHUANGZAIYUE1 675DUNJICHUYOU,DANGAILUNJINGYINGRENZHIZHIXIEHUOWANBIRENGWEIANZHAOGUIDINGYUFUHEGUOJIAYOUGUANJISHUGUIFANDEWURANQINGCHUZUOYEDANWEIQIANDINGWURANQINGCHUZUOYEXIEYI,HAISHIBUMENYIFADUIGAILUNJINXINGLEXINGZHENGCHUFA。

                                      ZAIZHIQIANSHISHICHUANBOXIANCHANGQIANZHENGZHIDESHIHOU,HAISHIQIANZHENGSHIJIANZHONGWANGWANGJIANGGAILEISHOUXUZUOWEIBANLICHUANBOQIANZHENGDETIAOJIANZHIYI。ZAIQIANZHENGQUXIAOHOU,CHUANBODUIGAILEISHOUXUDEYAOQIURENSHIBUQING,YIXIECHUANBOCHUYUJIESHENGCHENGBENDEJIAOXINGXINLIERCHANSHENGLEYIXIEWEIFAXINGWEI。

                                      三、产生违法行为的原因

                                      1. 部分船舶落实安全及防污染主体责任的自觉性仍待加强

                                      SUIZHEGUOJIAJIANZHENGFANGQUANBUDUANSHENRU,HAISHIJIANGUANYECONGZHONGSHI“SHIQIANSHENPI”DAOZHONGSHI“SHIZHONGSHIHOUJIANGUAN”ZHUANBIAN,ZAIZHEIYANGDEHAISHIJIANGUANXINMOSHIXIA,BUFENCHUANBOLUOSHIANQUANJIFANGWURANCUOSHIFANGMIANDEZIJUEXINGBUZU[2]。YOUYUJINJINIANHANGYUNYEXIANGDUIBUJINGQI,BUFENHANGYUNGONGSIRENWEI“SHIZHONGSHIHOUJIANGUAN”NANYIQUANFUGAI,CHUYUJIESHENGCHENGBENDEKAOLV,BAOZHEKENENGBUHUIBEICHADAODEJIAOXINGXINLI,SHITUZUANKONGZI,ZAOCHENGLEHAISHIWEIFAXINGWEI。

                                      2. 部分船舶对最新海事监管要求不熟悉

                                      YOUYUJINXIENIANHAISHIJIANGUANFAGUIHEMOSHIBIANHUAJIAOKUAI,BUFENHANGYUNGONGSI、CHUANYUANDUIXIANGGUANHAISHIJIANGUANYAOQIUBUSHUXI,ZAOCHENGLEWEIFAXINGWEI。SUIZHEGAIGEDESHENRU、BIANMINCUOSHIDEBUDUANLUOSHI,YIXIEHAISHISHENPISHIXIANGBIANWEIBAOGAOZHI、BEIANZHI,YIXIEHAISHIJIANGUANXIANGMUYOUXIANCHANGBANLIBIANWEIWANGSHANGBANLI,BUFENCHUANBODUIJUTIJIANGUANYAOQIULEJIEBUJISHI,SHENZHIPIANMIANRENWEI“YIXIESHIXIANGBUXUYAOQUHAISHIBUMENXIANCHANGBANLIJIUSHIHAISHIBUMENBUGUANLE,BUXUYAOZUOSHENMELE”,CONGERZAOCHENGLEWEIFAXINGWEI。

                                      3. 海事监管信息化建设仍待进一步加强

                                      DANGQIANHAISHIJIANGUANXINXIHUAJIANSHEQUDELEZHANGZUJINBU,DANMIANDUIQIANZHENGQUXIAOHOUHAISHIJIANGUANDEXINXINGSHIRENGBAOLUCHUYIXIEWENTI。CHUANBOZHENGSHUGUOQI、SHIXIAOLEIDEWEIFAXINGWEI,KEYITONGGUOGAOXIAODEHAISHIJIANGUANXITONGYUYIZHUNQUETISHI。DANSHI,YOUYUHAISHIXINXIHUAXITONGDEBUWANSHAN、RONGHEDUBUGOUYIJIYUCHUANJIANBUMENXINXIJIAOHUANDEBUJISHI,ZAOCHENGLEXITONGZHONGGUANYUCHUANBOZHENGSHUTISHIDEWUBAOJING、LOUBAOJINGXIANXIANGPINFANCHUXIAN,HAISHIZHIFARENYUANWUFADANDANTONGGUOXITONGQUEDINGCHUANBOZHENGSHULEIWEIFAXINGWEICONGERJINXINGJINGZHUNDAJI,ZHEIYEZHUZHANGLEBUFENWEIFACHUANBODEJIAOXINGXINLI。

                                      四、新形势下加强海事监管的建议

                                      1. 进一步加强最新海事政策法规宣贯

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   CHONGFENLIYONGZHENGWUWEIXIN、ZHENGWUWEIBO、GUANFANGWANGZHANDENGQUDAO,XUANGUANZUIXINHAISHIJIANGUANZHENGCEFAGUI,CHONGFENLIYONGGELEIZOUFANG、PEIXUN、KAOSHI、TIXISHENHE,ZENGQIANGHANGYUNGONGSI、CHUANYUANJIQITAXIANGGUANRENYUANDUIZUIXINHAISHIJIANGUANZHENGCEFAGUIXUEXIDEZIJUEXING,SHISUOYOUXIANGGUANRENYUANDUIZUIXINJIANGUANYAOQIU、CHENGXUSHUXIZHANGWO。

                                      2. 提高海事监管信息化水平

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   WANSHAN“SHIZHONGSHIHOUJIANGUAN”KEXUEJIANGUANTIXI,YITUOXINXIHUASHOUDUAN,CHANGTONGYUCHUANJIANBUMENXINXIJIAOLIU、GONGXIANGQUDAO,ZHENGHEHAISHIJIANGUANZIYUAN、CHUANBOXINXIZIYUAN,WANSHANHAISHIJIANGUANXINXIHUAXITONG,DUICHUANBOJINXINGJINGXIHUAJIANGUAN,DUIWEIFAXINGWEI“WEN、ZHUN、HEN”JINGQUEDAJI。

                                      3. 强化船舶船籍港、安全管理体系管理

                                      ZONGHEYUNYONGCHUANBODENGJIGUANLI、GONGSIGUANLI、CHUANBOJIANDUGUANLIXIECHA、ANQUANCHENGXINGUANLIDENGDUOZHONGGUANLIFANGSHI,QIANGHUACHUANBOCHUANJIGANGGUANLI。QIANGHUATIXISHENHE,HANGSHIHANGYUNGONGSIANQUANSHENGCHANZHUTIZEREN。

                                      4. 强化海事信用信息管理,加大对违法行为的威慑力度

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   CHONGFENFAHUIXINYONGTIXIZUOYONG,JINZHUATUIJINHAISHIGUANLITIXIHEGUANLINENGLIXIANDAIHUAZHEITIAOZHUXIAN,JIAKUAIGOUJIANYIXINYONGWEIJICHUDEXINXINGHAISHIJIANGUANJIZHI,WANSHANJIANGCHENGFENMINGDEHAISHIJIANGUANTIXI,TIGAOHAISHIWEIFACHENGBEN,JIADADUIHAISHIWEIFAXINGWEIDEWEISHELIDU。

                                      5. 强化船舶现场监管

                                      CHONGFENLIYONGXUANCHUANXITONG,QIANGHUAGAOFENGXIANCHUANBOXIANCHANGJIANGUAN。JIANGCHUANBOQIANZHENGQUXIAOQIANHAISHIZHENGWUCHUANGKOUQIANZHENGHECHADENEIRONGZUOWEIXIANCHANGJIANGUANDEBICHANEIRONG,QIANGHUAXIANCHANGJIANGUAN,DAJIGELEIWEIFAWEIGUIXINGWEI。SHISHIKAIFAGONGNENGWANBEI、QIANGDADEXIANCHANGXINXIHUAZHIFAZHONGDUAN,SHIXIANCHUANGONGSI、CHUANBO、CHUANYUANZHENGSHU、WENSHUYIJIHAISHIJIANGUANDENGXINXIXIANCHANGXINXIHUAHECHA,WEIXIANCHANGJIANGUANTIGONGJISHUZHICHI。

                                      参考文献

                                      [1]陆新明,俞勤伟.船舶签证取消后船舶监管模式改革的探索[J].中国海事,2014(12):18-21.
                                      [2]王茹军.取消船舶签证后关于加强水上安全监管工作的思考[J].世界海运,2014(11):24-26.

                                      刘燕起,刘进军,盖晓志.签证取消后相关海事违法案例分析[J].世界海运,2019,42(11):13-16.
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