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                              水产品中低温保鲜的发展趋势

                              时间:2019-03-21 来源:南方农业 作者:李常笛. 本文字数:2836字

                              水产品加工论文热门推荐10篇之第八篇:水产品中低温保鲜的发展趋势

                                摘要:现阶段, 人们对食品安全问题越来越重视, 水产品的营养价值高、脂肪含量低, 在目前人们生活中不可缺少, 但水产品的保鲜是制约水产品发展的重要因素, 也是研究的重要内容。基于此, 对冰藏、冷海水 (冷盐水) 、冰温、微冻、冻藏等低温保鲜技术的研究现状进行了简要介绍, 并指出了低温保鲜中存在的一些问题以及未来低温保鲜的发展趋势, 为水产品贮藏加工业的发展提供依据。

                                关键词:水产品; 低温保鲜; 发展趋势;

                                ZHONGGUOSHUICHANZIYUANFENGFU, SHUICHANPINZHONGLEIFANDUO。SHUICHANPINROUWEIXIANMEI, YINGYANGFENGFU, FENGWEIDUTE, SHENSHOUGUANGDAXIAOFEIZHEDEQINGLAI, SHIRENLEISHIPINDEZHONGYAOLAIYUANZHIYI。

                              水产品加工

                                SHUICHANPINJUYOUFEICHANGDUODEHAOCHU, QIZHONGDANBAIZHIDEHANLIANGFEICHANGGAO, QIEZHIFANGHANLIANGHENDI, ZAIXIANZAIDEJIANKANGSHANSHIZHONGBUKEHUOQUEDENEIRONG。SHUICHANPINYINQIYOUYUEDEPINZHIYIJINGCHENGWEIRENMENSHEQUDONGWUDANBAIDEZHONGYAOTUJING, BINGQIEBANSUIZHERENMENSHENGHUOSHUIPINGSHANGSHENG, KEGONGRENMENXUANZEDEXIANHUOSHUICHANPINDEZHONGLEIYEYUELAIYUEDUO, QIJIAGEHEGONGXIAOTIXIYESUIZHEGONGQIUGUANXIFASHENGLEBIANHUA。WOGUOSHUICHANPINBUJINCHANGXIAOERQIEJIAGEYEJUGAOBUXIA, DANYOUYUBAOCUN、YUNSHUDENGGEFANGMIANDEYUANYIN, SHUICHANPINDEXIANDUBINGBUSHIHENLIXIANG。DUIYUSHUICHANPINERYAN, WULUNSHIGAOPINZHIHAISHIDIPINZHI, XIANDUDOUSHIQIZHONGYAODEPINZHIZHIBIAO, ERQIEXIANDUYESHIJUEDINGSHUICHANPINJIAGEDEZHONGYAOYINSU[1].XIANDUBAOCUNXUYAOZAIGEGEHUANJIEZHONGCAIQUCUOSHI, BAOKUOSHUICHANPINDEBULAO、YUNSHU、ZHUZANG、JIAGONGDENG。LINGYIFANGMIAN, BUTONGDESHUICHANPINDEBAOCUNTIAOJIANYIJIZHUZANGFANGFABUTONG, DUIBUTONGDESHUICHANPINYAOCAIYONGBUTONGDEFANGFAYIMANZUJIAGONGQIYEYIJIXIAOFEIZHEDEXUYAO。

                                1 水产品腐败变质的原因

                                RUOSHUICHANPINSHIHUO, QINEIBUYIDINGJINXINGZHEYIXILIEDEWULI、HUAXUEYIJISHENGLISHANGDEBIANHUA。ZAISHUICHANPINSHIHUODECHUSHIJIEDUAN, GANTANGYUANSHOUXIANWUYANGJIANGJIE, SHENGCHENGJISUAN, JILINSUANFENJIECHENGLINSUAN, ZHEIJIUSHIDESHUICHANPINDEJIROUp HZHIXIAJIANG, BIANCHENGSUANXING, TONGSHIJIROUZHONGDEATPFENJIESHIFANGCHUNENGLIANGERSHISHUICHANPINTIWENSHANGSHENG, DAOZHIDANBAIZHISUANXINGNINGGUHEJIROUSHOUSUO, SHIJIROUSHIQUSHENZHANXINGERBIANYING。QICI, DANGATPWANQUANFENJIEHOU, SHUICHANPINJIROURUANHUAJIEYING, DANBAIZHIFENJIECHENGYIXILIEDEZHONGJIANCHANWUJIANJISUANHEKERONGXINGHANDANWU, CONGERSHIQUDANXING。TONGSHIYOUYUDUOFENYANGHUAMEIDEZUOYONGWUTIBIAOMIANSHENGCHENGHEISESUWUZHI, CHUXIANHEIBAN。TONGSHIWEISHENGWUZAITINEIXUNSUFANZHI, JIANGJIROUZUZHIZHONGDEDANBAIZHIYIJIQITAHANDANWUJINYIBUFENJIECHENGNH3YIJIZUANDENG, SHISHUICHANPINWUFASHIYONG。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   DANGSHUICHANPINFUBAIHOUWEIDAOHUIFEICHANGNANWEN, ZHEISHIYINWEIZAIDADUOSHUDEHAISHUIYUZHONGHANYOUYANGHUASANJIAAN, FUBAIJUNZAIJINXINGHUXIZUOYONGSHIZELIYONGYANGHUASANJIAANZHUANBIANWEISANJIAAN, SHISHUICHANPINFUBAIHOUFACHUNANWENDEANCHOUWEI[2].

                                2 水产品低温保鲜技术

                                YIBANSHUICHANPINDEBAOCUNDOUSHIYIDIWENWEIZHU, DIWENSHIZUIWEIJIANDANDEZHUZANGFANGFA, QIZHONGBAOKUOBINGZANGBAOXIAN、LENGZANGBAOXIAN、DONGZANGBAOXIAN、BINGWENWEIDONGBAOXIAN、ZHENKONGLENGDONGGANZAOBAOXIANZHEIJIZHONGCHANGJIANDEFANGSHI。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   2.1 BINGZANGBAOXIAN

                                GUMINGSIYI, BINGZANGBAOXIANJIUSHIYONGBINGZUOWEIJIEZHI, BAXINXIANDESHUICHANPINDEWENDUJIANGDAOBINGDIAN, BINGZANGBAOXIANDEWENDUYIBANKONGZHIZAI0~3℃, BAOXIANDESHIJIANYIBANKEYIZAI7~12 h.LINGWAIGENJUBUTONGDESHIYONGTIAOJIAN, BINGZANGBAOXIANYOUFENWEIGANBINGFAHESHUIBINGFALIANGZHONG。GANBINGFAJIUSHIBABINGXIEYICENGYICENGDISAZAISHUICHANPINSHANG, SHIQITIWENJIANGDI;SHUIBINGFASHIYONGBINGBASHUIWENJIANGDIDAOBINGDIANZUOYOU, RANHOUZAIBASHUICHANPINFANGDAOQIZHONGDADAOJIANGDIWENDUDEMUDE。BINGZANGBAOXIANSHIZUICHANGJIANSHIYONGSHIJIANZUIZHANGDEFANGFA, YINBINGBIJIAOFANGMIANXIEDAIERQIEFANGBIANSHIYONG, ZAILENGQUESHIBUXUYAODONGLI, GENGZHONGYAODESHIBINGSHUICHANPINDEZHILIANGYUXIANHUODESHUICHANPINSHENGWUTEXINGJIEJIN, YINCIYIZHIYANYONGZHIJIN[3].

                              星云棋牌官网下载   2.2 LENGZANGBAOXIAN

                              星云棋牌官网下载   BINGZANGBAOXIANSHIBASHUICHANPINFANGZAI0℃HEBINGDIANZHIJIANDEWENDUDAI, ZHEIYIWENDUDAIYEBEICHENGWEIBINGWENDAI。YOUYULENGZANGZHINENGZAIYIDINGFANWEINEIYIZHISHUICHANPINFUBAIJUNDEHUODONG, YINCIQIBAOCUNXIAOGUOBINGBULIXIANG, ZHISHIHEDUANSHIJIANCHUZANG[4].

                                2.3 DONGZANGBAOXIAN

                                DONGZANGBAOXIANDEWENDUYIBANKONGZHIZAI-18℃YIXIA, ZAICIWENDUXIASHUICHANPINDETINEIZUZHIZHONGSHUIFENJUEDABUFENFASHENGDONGJIE, SHUICHANPINBAOCHIDONGJIEZHUANGTAISHI, QINEIBUDEBINGJINGTIKEYIPOHUAIWEISHENGWUXIBAO, WEISHENGWUDEXIBAOBEIPOHUAIHOUJIUWUFASHENGZHANGFANZHI, ZHEIJIUZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGYANZHANGLESHUICHANPINDEBAOCUNQI。LINGWAI, DIWENTIAOJIANYIZHILESHUICHANPINTINEIHUOXINGMEI, SHIDESHUICHANPINDETINEIHUAXUEFANYINGBIANMAN, YINCISHUICHANPINDEFUBAISUDUYEJIUBIANDI。DONGZANGBAOXIANKEYIBAOCUNSHUICHANPINYINIANZHIJIU, NENGGOUBAOCHIQIYUANYOUDESEXIANGWEIYIJIYINGYANGJIAZHI。DONGZANGSUIYOUHAOCHUDANSHIYECUNZAIYIXIEWENTI, ZAIDONGZANGZHONGHUIFASHENGSHUICHANPINJIROULENGDONGBIANXINGSHUICHANPINXIBAONEICHANSHENGDEDABINGJINGHUISUNSHANGXIBAO, ZAOCHENGJIEDONGSHIZHIYELIUSHIDUO, XIANDUJIGANGUANZHILIANGBIANCHA。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   2.4 BINGWENWEIDONGBAOXIAN

                              星云棋牌官网下载   WEIDONGBAOXIANDEWENDUYIBANKONGZHIZAILINGXIA3℃ZUOYOU, SHIYIZHONGQINGWEILENGDONGBAOXIANDEFANGFA, YEBEICHENGWEIBUFENDONGJIEHUOLENGQUELENGZANG。CAIYONGZHEIZHONGBAOXIANFANGFADEMUDEZHUYAOSHIXIWANGNENGBIMIANDONGJIESUNHAI。DIWENTIAOJIANNENGYIZHIWEISHENGWUFANZHI, YENENGYIZHISHUICHANPINTINEIMEIDEHUOXING。FUBAIWEISHENGWUYIJISHILENGJUNZAI0℃SHICHUXIANSHENGZHANGHUANMANDEXIANXIANG, SUIZHEWENDUDEXIAJIANG, QISHENGZHANGFANZHIZHUJIANSHOUDAOYIZHI, DANGWENDUDIYU-10℃SHISHENGZHANGFANZHIFASHENGTINGZHI。LINGWAI, JINGGUOWEIDONGSHUICHANPINDETIZHONGSHUIFENHUIFASHENGBUFENDONGJIE, WEISHENGWUZHONGSHUIFENYEHUIFASHENGBUFENDONGJIE, CONGERYINGXIANGWEISHENGWUDESHENGLISHENGHUAFANYING, YIZHIWEISHENGWUDESHENGZHANGFANZHI[5].

                                WEIDONGSHIXUYAOJINGQUEDIKONGZHIWENDU, ZHEIJIUDAOZHIZAISHENGCHANLIUTONGZHONGDECHENGBENYAOSHANGSHENG, YINCIMUQIANZHEIZHONGFANGFAHAIMEIYOUGUANGFANYINGYONGYUSHIJISHENGCHAN。

                                2.5 ZHENKONGLENGDONGGANZAOBAOXIANJISHU

                                ZHENKONGLENGDONGGANZAOSHIZHIXIANJIANGSHIPINZHONGDESHUIFENWANQUANDONGJIE, RANHOUZAIDIYATIAOJIANXIASHISHIPINZHONGDESHUIFENYOUGUTAIBUJINGGUOYETAIZHIJIESHENGHUACHENGQITAICONGERDADAOGANZAOBAOXIANDEMUDE。ZHENKONGLENGDONGGANZAODEXUYAOSANGEYAOSU, JIQUEYANG、DIWEN、BIGUANG。ZHEIZHONGTIAOJIANXIASHUICHANPINZHONGDEWEISHENGWUDEFANZHIYIJIQINEIBUDEMEIDEHUOXINGSHOUDAOYIZHI, SHUICHANPINKEYIHENHAODIBAOCHIYUANYOUDEXIANDUYIJIGEZHONGYINGYANGCHENGFEN, TONGSHISHIPINYANSEHEYINGYANGCHENGFENJIHUBUFASHENGBIANHUA, YEBUHUIYINGANZAOERSHOUSUOBIANXING, ERQIELENGDONGGANZAOSUOXINGCHENGDESHUSONGDUOKONGDEZUZHIJIEGOUHAIBAOZHENGLESHIPINLIANGHAODEFUSHUIXINGNENG[6].ERZHENKONGLENGDONGGANZAOSHEBEIYAOQIUGAO, SHENGCHANCHENGBENGAO, HAICAN、BAOYU、YUDENGMINGGUISHUICHANPINGANHUOBIJIAOSHIHEYUNYONGDONGGANJISHULAITIGAOQIPINWEIDANGCIHEFUJIAZHI。

                                3 低温保鲜技术的展望

                              星云棋牌官网下载   ZAISHUICHANPINDIWENBAOXIANZHONGHUODUOHUOSHAODEDOUHUICHUXIANYIXIEWENTI, SUIZHEKEXUEJISHUDEFAZHANYIJIRENMENDUISHIPINZHILIANGDEYAOQIUBUDUANTIGAO, ZAIWEILAIDUISHUICHANPINDEBAOXIANYANJIUZHONGSUISHIHUIFASHENGBIANHUA。DANDUDEDIWENBAOXIANYOUYIDINGDEJUXIANXING, DIWENBAOXIANYAOYUQITADEBAOXIANFANGFAJIEHECAINENGBUDUANDISHIYINGYUXIANJIEDUANDEBAOXIANYAOQIU。SUIZHEDIWENYUBAOXIANJI、QIDIAOXIANGJIEHEJISHUDECHENGSHUHEWANSHAN, DIWENYUGAOYA、FUZHAODENGXINXINGBAOXIANJISHUXIANGJIEHEDEYANJIUHUIYUELAIYUEDUO, BINGQIESUIZHEBAOXIANYAOQIUDETIGAO, ZUHEBAOXIANFAHUIRIYIDUOYUANHUA, RUDIWEN、BAOXIANJIHEQIDIAOSANZHEXIANGJIEHEDENG。

                                参考文献
                                [1]张慜, 肖功年。国内外水产品保鲜和保活技术研究进展[J].食品与生物技术, 2002, 21 (1) :104-107.
                                [2]姜兴为, 杨宪时。水产品腐败菌与保鲜技术研究进展[J].湖南农业科学, 2010 (15) :100-103.
                                [3]高志立, 谢晶。水产品低温保鲜技术的研究进展[J].广东农业科学, 2012 (14) :98-101.
                                [4]张懋平。水产品的冷藏保鲜[J].福建水产, 1993 (1) :40-46.
                                [5]彭涛, 邓洁红, 谭兴和, 等。动物性食品微冻保鲜技术的研究进展[J].食品科技, 2011, 36 (6) :133-141.
                                [6]李湘利, 刘静。水产品贮藏保鲜技术现状及发展趋势[J].黑龙江水产, 2006, (5) :36-37.
                                [7]龚婷, 陆利霞, 熊晓辉。生物保鲜技术在水产品保鲜中的应用研究[J].食品工业科技, 2008, 29 (4) :311.

                              点击查看>>水产品加工论文(推荐10篇)其他文章
                                李常笛.低温技术在水产品加工中的应用探究[J].南方农业,2017,11(21):103-104.
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