星云棋牌官网下载

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                              意大利语学习中词汇学的重要性

                              时间:2018-01-28 来源:现代交际 作者:薛睿 本文字数:5485字

                                摘    要:星云棋牌官网下载 目前, 中国意大利语教学中普遍对词汇学内容不够重视。本文从意大利语的教学现状出发, 围绕词汇学对于学习掌握意大利语的重要性开展讨论, 结合课堂教学、学生的主观能动性, 期望能在意大利语教学中为词汇学寻求一席之地, 也弥补这一部分的缺失。

                                关键词: 语言学; 词汇学; 意大利语; 教学;

                                一、意大利语教学现状

                                YIDALIYUSHUYUFEITONGYONGYU, MUQIANZAIZHONGGUODUOSUOGAOXIAOYIJINGKAISHEDUONIANYIDALIYUKECHENG。ZAI“YIDAIYILU”BEIJINGXIA, YIDALIZUOWEISICHOUZHILUDEZHONGDIAN, SHUANGFANGHEZUOBUDUANJIAQIANG。YIDALIYUZHUANYERENCAIDEXUQIULIANGYEZAIBUDUANZENGJIA, YINCIYIDALIYUDEJIAOXUEFAZHANYEXIANDEYUELAIYUEZHONGYAO。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   CONGYUYANXUEJIAODULAIKAN, YIDALIYUJIAOXUEYUXIDEDEZHUYAONEIRONGFENWEIYUYIN、JUFAHEYUYI。CONGMUQIANGEGAOXIAODEKECHENGSHEZHILAIKAN, DINIANJIYIYUYINHEYUFAWEIZHU, GAONIANJIYIYUEDULIJIEHEFANYIWEIZHU。ZHUANMENDEYUYANXUEKECHENGHUOZHECIHUIXUEKECHENGSHENSHAO, JIHUZAIBENKEJIAOXUEJIEDUANMEIYOUSHEZHI。GEBIEXUEXIAODEYANJIUSHENGKECHENGYOUYUYANXUEDEXIANGGUANNEIRONG。YUYANXUEDUIYUYUYANJIAOXUEJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。YUYANXUEDENEIRONGFEICHANGGUANGFAN, BENWENYIYIDALIYUCIHUIXUEJIAOXUEWEIYANJIUDUIXIANG, JIYIYIDALIYUWEIDUIXIANGDECIHUIXUE, SUIRANQISUOBAOHANDENEIRONGXUDUOXUEZHEKANFABUJINYIZHI, DANJIBENBAOKUOCIYUANXUE、GOUCIFA、CIYIXUEDENG。WEILETIGAOYIDALIYUZHENGTIDEJIAOXUEZHILIANG, WOMENJIUBUNENGHUSHICIHUIXUEFANGMIANDEJIAOXUENEIRONG。

                                ZUOWEIYIMENWAIYU, CIHUISHIZUIJIBENDEZUCHENGBUFEN。ZHENGRUYUYANXUEJIAWEIERJINSI (D.Wilkins) SUOSHUO:“MEIYOUYUFARENMENKEYIBIAODADESHIWULIAOLIAOWUJI;MEIYOUCIHUI, RENMENWUFABIAODARENHESHIWU。”YIDALIYULISHUYINOUYUXILUOMANYUZU, BAOCUNYILIULEHENDUOLADINGYUDETEDIAN, TADEYUFAJIEGOUFEICHANGFUZA, DANSHITONGYANGMEIYOUCIHUIXUEDENEIRONG, ZHIZHANGWOYUFAJIEGOU, JIUXIANGZHIYOUKUANGJIADEKONGKUANGDALOUYIYANG。RUSHANGWENSUOSHU, MUQIANGUONEIYIDALIYUJIAOXUEBENKEJIEDUANMEIYOUZHUANMENDECIHUIXUEKECHENG, JIBENYIJINGDUKEYUFAWEIZHU。YINCIZHEIYESHIWOMENJINHOUKECHENGGAIGEXUYAOKAOLVDEYIGEFANGXIANG。HUOZHEZUOWEITONGSHIKEKAISHE, YINWEIYUYANXUEDELILUNJICHUDABUFENSHIYIZHIDE, ZUIZHONGYEYOULIYUXUESHENGDUIYUDUIXIANGYUYANDEZHANGWO。

                                二、词汇学的范畴和重要性

                              星云棋牌官网下载   CIHUISHIYUYANDEJIBENZUCHENGBUFEN, DUIYUZHEIXIECIHUIDEKEXUEYANJIUJIUSHICIHUIXUE。JIRANSHIYIMENXUEKEYANJIU, NEIMEBUTONGDEYUYANDASHIDUIYUYIDALIYUDECIHUIXUEFENLEIYEBUJINXIANGTONG。DUIYUYIDALIYU, PUBIANZANTONGDEFENLEIFANGSHISHIGENJUYIXIASANDIAN。SHOUXIAN, YIDALIYUZHONGHENDAYIBUFENDANCIJUYOULADINGYUBEIJING。ZHEIXIEDANCIDABUFENSHILISHIYILIU, HUOZHESHITONGGUOLADINGYUSUYUMANMANDIJINRUXIANDAIYIDALIYUZHONG。LIRUDANCImondo、città、giornoDENG。ZAIZHE, JIUSHICONGQITADEYUYANZHONGJIEYONGHUOZHEZUIZHONGRONGRUYIDALIYUZHONG, YEJIUSHIWOMENSUOSHUODEWAILAIYU。LIRUbar、computer、server、boutiqueDENG。ZHEIXIEWAILAICIYIBUFENSHISUIZHEYIXIEXINXIANSHIWUHUOZHESIXIANGDEYINRUERCHANSHENG, LIRUpatata、caffèDENG。YIBUFENSHIYINWEISHEHUIJINGJIWENHUADENGDEFAZHANYUANYIERXINGQI, YEJIUSHISHUOYIDALIYUZHONGBENSHENCUNZAIZHEIGEDANCI, DANSHISHIYONGWAILAICIZAIMOUXIECHANGHEHUIXIANDEGENG“SHISHANG”。LIRUJIYUbaby (XIAOHAI) , YIDALIYUYOU“bambino, Boom” (JINGJIGAOSUFAZHANQI) , YIDALIYUKEYIBIAODAWEI“periodo di intenso sviluppo”DENG。ZUIHOUJIUSHIXINXINGDECIHUI。ZHEILEIDANCIDEJICHUXINGSHIZAIYIDALIYUYIJINGCUNZAI, GENJUBUTONGDEGUIZEJIASHANGQIANZHUI、HOUZHUIDENG, YANBIANCHENGYIGEXINDECIHUI。

                                YIDALIYUDECIHUIXUEYEKEYIFENWEIYUYANXUELISHI、FAZHANSHI、GOUCIFADENGFANGMIAN。ZHENDUIBENKEJIAOXUEDECIHUIXUENEIRONGKEYIXUANZEXIANGDUISHIYONGJIANDANDENEIRONG, XIANGDUINANDUYEJIAODI。CIHUIXUESHIXUEXIYIMENYUYANFEICHANGZHONGYAODEYIBUFEN, BIZHERENWEIQISHISHIZUIZHONGYAODEYIBUFEN。ZAIYIMENWAIYUJIAOXUEGUOCHENGZHONG, FANYICI、TONGYICI、BIYU、NEIHAN、YICIDUOYI、PAISHENGCIDENGDOUSHIBUNENGLOUDIAODEZHONGYAOXUEXINEIRONG。YINCIYIDALIYUCIHUIKECHENGCONGLILUNSHANGJIANGSHIYIMENLILUNKECHENG, DANSHIZAISHIJISHOUKEGUOCHENGZHONG, WOMENKEGENJUJUTIQINGKUANG, JIEHEQITAJIAOXUEFANGSHI, SHIQIGENGSHENGDONGGENGRONGYIBEIXUESHENGJIESHOU, ZHEIYANGDEGUOCHENGBIDINGHUIKUOCHONGXUESHENGDECIHUILIANG, ZENGQIANGXUESHENGDUIYUCIHUIDESHENDULIJIEHEYUNYONGNENGLI, ZUIZHONGNENGTIGAOXUESHENGDUIZHEIMENYUYANDELINGHUOSHIYONGNENGLI。YINCI, CIHUIXUEDEXUEXISHILILUNZHISHIYUSHIJIYINGYONGNENGLIXIANGJIEHEDEZONGHENENGLITISHENGDEGUOCHENG。LIRU:YIDALIYUZHONGHENDUOCIHUIDOUSHITONGGENCI, RUcomprendereSHIDONGCI, YISISHI“LIJIE”, TAXIANGYINGDEMINGCIcomprensione, YISISHI“LIJIE”, HAIYOUDUIYINGDEXINGRONGCIcomprensibile, YISISHI“KEYILIJIEDE”。ZAIBIRUYIXIEXINGRONGCI, comodo (SHUFUDE) , TADEFANYICIJIUSHIscomodo (BUSHUFUDE) 。DimenticareSHIDONGCI, YISISHI“WANGJI”, XINGRONGCISHIdimenticabile, NEIMEFANYICISHIindimenticabile。QIANZHUI、HOUZHUIDOUSHIYIDALIYUGOUCIFAZHONGDEZHONGYAOBUFEN。SUOYIZAIXUEXIHUOZHELIJIEYIGEDANCIDESHIHOU, YIBANQINGKUANGXIAYIDALIYUDOUSHICONGDONGCIYUANXINGKAISHI, NEIMEXIANGYINGDEYEJIUJIZHULEMINGCIHEXINGRONGCI, ZHEIYANGZAISHIYONGDESHIHOUKEYIGENJUJUZIDEJIEGOUQUXUANZESHIYONGDONGCIHUOZHEMINGCI。ZAIBIRUYICIDUOYIDEQINGKUANG, tempoJIUYOUHENDUOYISI, LIRU:“Non ho tempo da perdere”, HAIYOU“Oggi fa bel tempo”。ZHEILIANGJUZHONGDOUSHIYONGLETONGYIGECI, DANSHIDIYIGEJUZIZHONGDEtempoYISISHI“SHIJIAN”, DIERGEJUZIZHONGYISISHI“TIANQI”。HAIYOUHENDUOBUTONGLEIXINGDELIZI。YINCIWOMENKEYIFAXIANCIHUIXUEZAIYUYANXUEXIZHONGDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。

                              意大利语学习中词汇学的重要性

                                三、词汇学对于阅读能力的重要性

                              星云棋牌官网下载   YUYANXUEXIDEZUIZHONGMUDESHIYINGYONG, DUIYIPIANWENZHANGDEYUEDULIJIEJIUSHIBENKEJIEDUANYIDALIYUZHUANYEXUESHENGXUYAOZHANGWODEZHONGYAOJINENG, WULUNSHIWENXUETICAIHUOZHESHIKEJISHANGWUWENZHANG, DOUXUYAOZAIYOUXIANDESHIJIANNEIWANCHENGYUEDULIJIESHENZHIFANYI。GENJUBIZHEDUANZANDEJIAOXUEJINGYANLAIKAN, ZUOWEIYIDALIYUXUEXIZHELAISHUO, YIDALIYUYUEDUNENGLIDETIGAOZAIZHENGGEYUYANDEXUEXIHEYINGYONGZHONGQIDAOJUZUQINGZHONGDEZUOYONG。XUEXIGUOCHENGZHONGXUESHENGJINGCHANGHUIYUDAOYIXIEKUNHUO。LIRURENSHIWENZHANGZHONGCHUXIANDEDANCI, HUOZHEZHENGJUHUAZHONGDEDANCIDOURENDE, DANSHIZHENGTIDEYISIWUFALIJIE, HUOZHELIJIEBUGOUTOUCHE。NEIME, SHOUXIANKUODACIHUILIANGSHIZUIZHONGYAODEYIBUFEN。DANSHIYOUBUNENGBADANCIZUOWEIDULIDEGETIQUJIYI, FOUZEJIUHUICHUXIANSHANGSHUXUESHENGJINGCHANGHUIYUDAODEWENTI。LIRU:imbucareZHEIGEDANCI, BENLAIDEYISISHI“BA……TOURU”“SAIRU”。DANSHIDANGZAIWENZHANGZHONGYOU“……e imparare qualcosa, un paio si erano imbucati alla conferenza.”SHI, HENDUOTONGXUEDUIZHEIGEDANCIDELIJIEJIUHUIHENMOHU, HUOZHEBULIJIEWEISHENMEYAOYONGZHEIGEDANCI。QISHIYEJIUSHICIHUIXUELIYOUBIYUYINYUZHEIZHONGSHOUFA, ZAIZHEILIKEYILIJIECHENG“QIAOQIAODUOJINQU”。DANGRAN, BIYULEIDELIZIYOUGENGDUOGENGMINGXIANDE, RU:“quello studenteèun asino.”, ZHEILIDEasinoBENLAIYISISHIZHIYIZHONGDONGWU——LV, ZAIZHEILIJIUSHIBIYUDESHOUFA, BIAOSHIZHEIGEXUESHENGHENBEN。ZAIBIRUZAIYIDALIYUDEWENZHANGZHONG, JINGCHANGHUISHIYONGTONGYICIHUOZHEFANYICI。LUNSHUYIJIANSHIQINGDESHIHOUYOUHENDUOGEXINGRONGCILIANYONG, ZHEISHIHOURUGUOXUESHENGDUIMOUJIGEXINGRONGCIHUOZHEMINGCIHUOZHEDONGCIBULIJIE, DANSHIZHIYAOLIJIEZHEIXIECIQIZHONGDEMOUYIGEDANCI, JIUKEYILIJIEZHENGGEBUFEN。LIRU:“I bambini fanno grandi sogni.Cantante-ballerina-attore, pompiere, maestre, poliziotto, pilota d’auto, d’aero, d’elicottero (o di taxi) , medico-veterinario, astronauta.Ma anche giardiniere, barista, vigile, commessa di profumi, venditore d’auto, maestro di nuoto, panetti ere, parrucchiere, fruttivendolo, giornalista, giorna laio.Tuttoèpossibile.”, ZHEIJUHUAKANZHEHENZHANG, XUESHENGCHUKANDESHIHOUBUZHIDAOWENZHANGYAOJIANGSHENMENEIRONG。DANSHISHAOWEIFENXIKEYIKANDAOJUZIZHONGJIANQISHIDOUSHITONGLEICIHUIDELUOLIE, LIRUJICHUDECIHUImaestreHEmedicoXUESHENGDESHUIPINGSHINENGLIJIEDE, NEIMEJIUCILIJIEZHEIXIEBINGLIEDEDANCIJIUYINGGAISHIZHIYELEIDECIHUI, YINCIBUJINTIGAOLEYUEDULIJIEDENENGLI, YETIGAOLEYUEDUDESUDU。YUFAHUADECIHUI“ma anche”SHUOMINGHOUMIANNEIBUFENYIRANSHIBUCHONGQIANMIANDEZHIYE, KANDAOgiornalistaJIUKEYIQUEDINGZHEIZHONGTUICE。YINCI, CIHUIXUEDELILUNBINGBUSHIZHISHIDANCHUNXUEXILILUN, YEYOUHENZHONGYAODESHIJIYINGYONGJIAZHI。XUEXILECIHUIXUEXIANGGUANDELILUNHETONGYICIBUFENNEIRONGZHIHOU, JIUKEYIGENGHAODILIJIEZHEIPIANWENZHANGDENEIRONG。

                                ZAILIRUZAICIHUIXUEZHONG, CIHUIYEYOUBUTONGDEQIANGDU。RU“un giorno meraviglioso”, ZHEILIDEmeravigliosoQISHIJIUSHIXIANGSHUO“molto bello”。NEIMEZHEIYESHIXUESHENGJINGCHANGCHUXIANDEWENTIZHIYI。YIDALIYUXUEXIZHEYOUQISHICHUJICHENGDUDEXUESHENG, SHIYONGCIHUIDANYI, YONGLAIMIAOSHURENHUOZHESHIWUHAO, JIUXUANZEbello。DANSHISHISHISHANGYOUGENGDUODECIHUI, YOUBUTONGCHENGDU、BUTONGQIANGDUDECIHUIKEYIXUANZE, YIBIANWENZHANGYISIGENGWANZHENGGENGXINGXIANG。QIANWENZHISHIYIGEJIANDANDELIZI, ZAIRU“un sogno orribile”。ZHEILIDEorribileYISIJIUSHI“molto brutto”。YINCIWOMENYEKEYIKANDAO, CIHUIXUEBUJINJINSHIDUIYIGECIHUIDELIJIE, HAIKEYISHIYONGQITADEXIANGGUANCIHUILAITIGAOYUEDULIJIENENGLI, YEKEYITIGAOXIEZUOBIAODANENGLI。

                                CIHUIXUEZHONGHAIBAOKUOQIANZHUI、HOUZHUI, ZHEIZHONGGOUCIFANENGGOURANGXUEXIZHEGENJUYIYOUDECIHUILIANGLAILIJIEXINDECIHUIHUOZHEWENZHANG。RUentrare, XIANGYINGJINGCHANGCHUXIANrientrare。ZHEIGESHIHOUriZHEIGEQIANZHUIJIUBIAOSHI“ZAIYICI”, NEIMEXUEXIZHEGENJUYIXUEXIGUODEJICHUCIHUIentrare“JINRU”, KEYILIJIErientrareBIAOSHI“ZAIYICIJINRU”。DANGRAN, CIHUIXUEZHONGHAIYOUYIBUFENYUFAHUADECIHUI, QISHIYEJIUSHIWOMENJINGCHANGPENGDAODECIZU。LIRUJINGCHANGSHIYONGDE“magro come un chiodo”“grasso come un maiale”DENG。ZHEILIBUJINJINSHICIZU, YESHEJIBIYUDESHOUFA。

                                TONGGUOSHANGWENDELIZHENG, WOMENKEYIKANDAO, YIDALIYUDEWENZHANGZHONGCIHUIXUESUICHUKEJIAN, YINCICIHUIXUEDEZHONGYAOXINGYEJIUBUYANERYU。

                                四、词汇学对于文化理解的重要性

                                YUYANSHIWENHUADEZAITI, JUYOUFEICHANGZHONGYAODEBUKETIDAIXING。BUTONGGUOJIADEWENHUATONGGUOBUTONGDEYUYANDEYITIXIAN。YUYANYUWENHUAGUANXIDEYANJIUYESHIYUYANXUEDEZHONGYAOFENZHI。CONGYIDALIYUDEJIAOXUEJUTILAIKAN, YIDALIDEWENHUAYUWOMENBENTUDEZHONGGUOWENHUACHAYIJIAODA。RENYIYIZHONGYUYANXINGSHIYOUKENENGBAOHANBUTONGDEYIXIANG。HENDUODECIHUIHEYUYIDEGUANXI, BIXUFANGZAIYIDINGDEWENHUABEIJINGXIACAINENGBEILIJIE。ZHEIQISHIYESHIZAIJIAOXUEGUOCHENGZHONGXUESHENGJINGCHANGHUIDUIYIXIENEIRONGMIMANGHUOZHENANYILIJIEDEYUANYIN, YINCIWOMENJINGCHANGSHIYONG“YUJINGJIAOXUE”, YEJIUSHISHUOHUARENYAOJIEHEYUYANXINGSHIHEYUYANHUANJINGDENGZHIJIANDEGUANXI。LIRUZAIYIDALIYUZHONGDONGCIYOUBIANWEI, ZAISHIYONGYUYANBIANWEIGUOCHENGZHONG, BUJINYAOQUFENRENCHENG, HENDUOQINGKUANGXIAYAOGENJUBUTONGYUJINGSHIYONGZUNCHENGXINGSHIHUOZHEFEIZUNCHENGXINGSHI。ZAIYIDALIYUDERICHANGSHIYONGZHONG, ZHEIYIDIANYEHENZHONGYAO。ZHEIJIUXUYAOLEJIEYIDALIWENHUA, ZAISHENMEQINGKUANGXIASHIYONGZUNCHENGXINGSHI, BIRUJIANDAOZHANGBEI、LAOSHI, HUOZHEZAIZHENGSHIDEGONGZUOCHANGHEDENG。ZAIZHEIYANGDEYUJINGXIACAINENGXUANZEZHENGQUEDEBIANWEI, XUANZEHESHIDECIHUILAIBIAODAZIJI。LIRUYAOQINGBIERENRUZUO, GENJUBUTONGDEYUJING, SHUANGFANGGUANXIDEBUTONG, XUANZEDEJUZIJIUBUYIYANG。ZHENGSHICHANGHE, BAOKUOGONGZUO, HUITAN, TONGLINGDAOTONGSHIDENGTANHUA, YAOSHUO“S’accomodi!”;XIANGFAN, RUGUOSHIGENPENGYOUJIAOTAN, KEYIZHIJIESHUO“Accomodati!”;ZAIFEICHANGSUIHEDECHANGHESHENZHIKEYIBUYONGDONGCIZHIJIESHIYONGPregoYEKEYI, DANGRANSHIYAOYOUJUTIQINGJINGDESHIHOU。ZAIZHONGGUOSHURENZAILUSHANGJIANMIANHUIXIGUANXINGDIWEN:“NICHUQUYA?”“NICHIGUOFANLEMA?”NEIMEZAIYIDALIYUZHONG, RUGUOYAOZAIXIANGTONGQINGJINGXIAZUODUIHUALIANXI, XUESHENGJIUBUNENGGENJUZIJIDEJINGYANBASHANGSHUJUZIFANYICHENGYIDALIYUJIKE。YINWEIZAIYIDALI, RENMENJIANMIANWENHOUBUHUIZHEIMEWEN, YIBANJIUYONGJIBENWENHOUYU, RUciao, buongiornoZHILEI。ZONGERYANZHI, CIHUIXUE、YUYANXUEYUWENHUASHIMIBUKEFENXIANGFUXIANGCHENGDE。WAIYUXUEXINENGGOUYOUZHUYULEJIEYIGUOWENHUAHELIANGGUOSHENZHIDUOGUODEWENHUACHAYI;YOUZHUYUYUYANXUEXIZHECONGMUBIAOWENHUADEJIAODUKAOLVWENTI。FANGUOLAIDUIYUMUBIAOGUOWENHUADELIJIEHEXUEXI, GENGNENGGOUCUJINWAIYUDEXUEXI, TIGAOYUYANDEYINGYONGNENGLI。YUYANDEZUIZHONGMUDESHIYINGYONG, CONGZHEIYIDIANLAIJIANG, NENGFOUCHENGGONGDIZHANGWOYIDALIYU, ZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGQUJUEYUSHIFOUZHENZHENGLIJIEYIDALIWENHUAJINEIHAN。YINWEIWENHUAYUYUYANZHIJIANGUANXIFEICHANGJINMI, CONGBUTONGDECENGCIDOUYOUSUOTIXIAN。YINCI, YIDALIYUDECIHUIXUEXUEXIGENGBUNENGTUOLIYIDALIWENHUADEDABEIJING。

                                五、词汇学与意大利语教学

                                YUYANJIAOXUEMUQIANYOUJIDABUFENZUCHENG, JINGDUKEZHUYAOJIAOSHOUYUFAZHISHI, ZHEIYESHIPUBIANRENWEIZUIZHONGYAODEKECHENG, YUFASHIWENZHANGDEJILI。DANSHIGENJUGERENDEJIAOXUEJINGYAN, WENZHANGZHONGDEYUFAHECIHUIDEGUANXIYESHIMIBUKEFENDE。CIHUISHIWENZHANGJIEGOUDEZHONGXINHEJICHU。ZAIYUEDUYIPIANWENZHANGDESHIHOU, BUJIYUQUFENXIJUXINGJIEGOUHUOZHEYUFAJIEGOU, ERSHIGENJUYUYANJILEISHIBIECIHUIDEZUHE。YINCIWORENWEI, CIHUIXUEDEJIAOXUEYINGGAIZHUJIANRONGRUMEIYIMENKECHENGZHONG。NEIMEJIAOSHIJIUXUYAOGENJUBUTONGKECHENGFENCENGCISHENRUCIHUIXUE。CIHUIXUESHIYANJIUYUYANCIHUIDEYIMENXUEKE, ZHUYAOTANTAOCIYUCIDEGUILV、GUANXIYIJIXIANGHUBIANHUA。LIRUZAIFANDUHESHITINGSHUOKECHENGZHONGKEYISHENTOUTONGYICIFANYICICIHUIQIANGDUCHABIEDENGCIHUIXUENEIRONG, ZHEIYANGBUJINJINTIGAOXUESHENGDETINGLIHEBIAODANENGLI, HAITIGAOLECIHUILIANG。ZAIJINGDUKECHENGZHONGKEYIZHENDUIZHONGDIANDANCICONGCIHUIJIEGOU、DANCIZUCHENGHEDANCIDEDAPEIDENGNEIRONGLAICHARUCIHUIXUEZHISHI。DANGRANZHEIXIEJIEXIANBUSHIJUEDUIDEMINGQUE, YUYANSHIXIANGTONGDE, TINGSHUODUXIEDOUSHITONGBUXUEXITIGAODEYIGEGUOCHENG。ZAIZHEIGEGUOCHENGZHONG, YIFANGMIANJIAOSHIXUYAOCONGBEIKEJIAODUZHESHOUYOUQINGXIANGXINGDIBEIKE。DANSHIXUEXIDEZHUTIYIRANSHIXUESHENG, KEYITIQIANJIXUESHENGBUZHIYIBUFENXIANGGUANNEIRONG, CHONGFENDIAODONGXUESHENGDEJIJIXING。XUESHENGYEKEYILIYONGGEGESHOUDUANLAIZHANXIANZIJIDEYUXICHENGGUO。SUIRANBENKEJIEDUANMEIYOUGUDINGDECIHUIXUEKECHENG, DANSHIKEYICHUANCHAYUNYONGJISHUSHOUDUANZAIKETANGSHANGYINRUCIHUIXUENEIRONG, BAKUZAOFAWEIDECIHUIXUEYUYANXUEKECHENGSHANGDESHENGDONGHUOPO, GENGHAODIWANCHENGJIAOXUERENWU, YEWEIXUESHENGJINHOUDEYUYANXUEXUEXIDAXIAJICHU。LIRUGUANYUCIHUIXUEDELISHIHUOZHEFAZHAN, ZHEIBUFENLILUNXINGJIAOQIANG, KEYIRANGXUESHENGKEHOUZIJIXUEXI, CHAZHAOZILIAO, ZUOCHUHUANDENGPIAN。ZILIAOKEYISHIZHONGWEN、YINGWEN, HUOZHEYIDALIWENDE。CHOUYIZUTONGXUELAIJIANGJIE, QITATONGXUETIWEN。HUOZHEJIZUJINXINGDUIBIJINXINGBUTONGFANGSHIDEYANSHI, ZHEIYANGJIDIAODONGLEXUESHENGDEJIJIXING, YENENGGOUGENGHAODIRANGXUESHENGLIJIECIHUIXUEDEJIAOXUEMUDE。DANGSHEJISHIJIYINGYONGFANGMIANSHI, JIAOSHIKEYIGENJUZIJIDEJIAOXUEJINGYANSHEJIYIXIELIANXITI, JIEHELILUNLIANXIJIANGJIE。ZHEIBUFENLIANXITIZUIHAOYOUYIDINGDEQUWEIXING, CONGLIJUDAOWENZHANGZUIHAONENGTIEJINXUESHENGDEXINGQUHESHENGHUO。XIANZAIDEWANGLUOJISHUHENFADA, HULIANWANGSHANGHAIYOUYIXIEHENHAODEPINGTAI, JIAOSHIHEXUESHENGKEYITONGGUOZHEIXIEPINGTAIHUXIANGGOUTONGJIAOLIU, GONGTONGJINBU。

                                ZONGTIERYAN, CIHUIXUEDUIYUYUYANXUEXI, YOUQISHIWAIYUDEXUEXIZHIGUANZHONGYAO, DANSHIZAIMUQIANDEWAIYUJIAOXUEFAZHANZHONG, CIHUIXUERENGRANSHIYIGEBORUOHUANJIE。JIUQIYUANYIN, SHISHOUZHIQIANDEYINGMEIYUYANXUEZHULIUPAIDEYINGXIANG。YINWEIZAIGUOWAIYINGMEIYUYANHUANJINGZHONG, CIHUIXUEYESHIFAZHANKAOHOUDEYANJIUNEIRONG, YINCIZAIZHENGGEDEWAIYUJIAOXUELINGYUZHONGQUEFADUIZHEIYINEIRONGDEZUGOUZHONGSHI。LINGWAIJIUSHIDUIYUXIANGYINGJIAOSHIDEQUEFA。JIEJUEHAOZHEILIANGGEWENTI, ZAIJIAOXUEZHONGSHIDANGJIYUCIHUIXUEYIDINGDEKONGJIANHEZHONGSHI, ZUOWEIWAIYUJIAOSHIYEYAOTIGAOYUYANXUEDEXUEXIHERENZHI。JIAOSHIBUDUANXUEXIXIANGGUANZHISHI, CAINENGTIGAOZHENGGEWAIYUDEJIAOXUESHUIPING, DUIYUYUYANXUECIHUIXUEJIAYIZHONGSHI, YENENGTIGAOXUESHENGDEYUYANXUEXISHUIPING。ZHEIYANGBACIHUIXUEZUOWEIYIMENYILILUNWEIZHU, JIEHEJUTIDEJIAOXUEHEXUEXISHIJIANDEZONGHEXINGKECHENGLAIJIAOSHOUHEXUEXI, BIDINGNENGGOUMIBUZHEIYILINGYUYANJIUHEJIAOXUEDEQUESHI, YENENGCUJINZHENGGEYIDALIYUJIAOXUEDEJIANSHE。

                                参考文献:

                                [1]俞理明, 曹勇衡, 潘卫民.什么是应用语言学[M].上海:上海外语教育出版社, 2013 (11) .
                              星云棋牌官网下载   [2]孙林, 折鸿君.词汇学在外语教学中应该受到足够的重视[J].庆阳师专学报, 1995.

                                薛睿.意大利语的词汇学[J].现代交际,2018(22):64-66.
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