星云棋牌官网下载

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                  学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 语言学论文 > 意大利语论文

                  意大利语中含拉丁语素的复合词与派生词构成

                  时间:2018-01-28 来源:广东外语外贸大学学报 作者:张海虹 本文字数:7317字

                    摘    要: 与大多数印欧语言一样, 意大利语也是大量采用了词缀法、词义转移和合成法等构词方法派生新词。通过对意大利语中含拉丁语素的新词进行分析, 可以从词汇角度进一步探索意大利语与拉丁语的关系以及拉丁语对意大利语的影响。

                    关键词: 意大利语; 新词; 拉丁语素;

                    Abstract: In the Italian language, as in most of other Indo-European languages, neologisms are created through affixation, semantic progression or compounding. By analyzing the Latin morphemes in the language, we can, from the vocabulary perspective, delve into the relationship between Italian and Latin and the influence that the latter has on the former.

                    Keyword:星云棋牌官网下载 the Italian language; neologisms; Latin morphemes;

                    一、引言

                    14SHIJICHUQI, DANDING (Dante Alighieri, 1265-1321) ZAI《TONGSULADINGYUDEXIONGBIAN》 (De Vulgari Eloquentia) ZHONGSHOUCILUNJIYIDALIYUYANYULISHIWENTI。YIDALIYUSHIZUOWEIYIMENXUEKE, ZAIYIDALIRENGSHIYIMENNIANQINGDEXUEKE, BEINARUYIDALIGAOXIAOJIAOXUEJIHUAYEJINYOU70YUNIAN (Marazzini, 2002:9) 。1960NIAN, YIDALIYUYANXUEJIABULUNUO·MILUOLINI (Bruno Migliorini, 1896-1975) CHUBANLEZHUANZHE《YIDALIYUSHI》 (Storia Della Lingua Italiana) , ZHEISHISHOUBUYANJIUYIDALIYUFAZHANSHIDEZHUANZHE, QUANMIANJIESHAOLEYIDALIYUXINGCHENGDEGUOCHENGYIJILADINGYUDUIYIDALIYUDEYINGXIANG。XIANDAIYIDALIYUBIAOZHUNYUDEZHENZHENGPUJIJINFASHENGZAISHANGSHIJI60NIANDAI, SUOYIGUANYUYIDALIYUYULADINGYUZAIYUYIN、CIXING、YUYI、YUFAJIEGOUDENGFANGMIANDEGUANXIDEYANJIURENGCHUYUYIGEBUDUANFAZHANDEJIEDUAN。ZAIZHONGGUO, XUEZHEMENDUIYUYIDALIYUYULADINGYUDEGUANXIYIYOUCHUBUJIESHAO, DANRENGYOUDAIZHANKAIGENGWEIQUANMIAN、SHENRUHEXIZHIDEYANJIUHELUNZHENG。BENWENTONGGUODUIHANLADINGYUSUDEYIDALIYUXINCIGOUCHENGDETONGJIXINGFENXI, KEYICONGXINCIDEJIAODU, JINYIBULUNZHENGLADINGYUDUIYIDALIYUDEYINGXIANGYIJILADINGYUCIZAIYIDALIYUCIHUIXITONGZHONGDEDIWEI。

                    二、意大利语新词的定义

                  星云棋牌官网下载   CONGLISHIJIAODUFENXI, YIDALIYUDECIHUIZHUYAO“YOUSANBUFENGOUCHENG:LADINGYUYUANCI (fondo latino ereditario) 、WAIJIECI (prestito) HEXINCI (neologismo) ” (Dardano, et al, 2001:565) 。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   LADINGYUYUANCISHIZHIZAIYIDALIYUDANSHENGSHIYIBEIYINRUYIDALIYUDELADINGYUCI, TAMENCONGYIDALIYUDANSHENGZHIJIN, YIZHIDOUBEIBAOLIUHESHIYONG。ZHEIBUFENCISUIRANYUANZILADINGYU, DANYIBEISHIWEIYIDALIYUDEBENZUYUCI (QIYUCUN, 2007:192) 。JUYANJIU, ZHEIBUFENCIZAIYIDALIYUCIHUIZHONGZHANJUZUIGAODEBILI, TEBIESHIYIDALIYUDEJIBENCIHUIYEZHUYAOSHIYOUZHEIBUFENCIGOUCHENG。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   WAIJIECISHIZHICONGQITAYUYAN (RU:FAYU、DEYUDENG) JIEYONGDECI。ZHEIBUFENCIHAIBAOKUOLADINGYUSHICIHEXILAYUSHICI, JINEIXIEBEIWENRENXUEZHECONGGUDIANYUYANJILADINGYUHEGUXILAYUZUOPINZHONGZHIJIEJIEYONGDECI。GENJUDUIYIDALIQUANWEIDACIDIANIl Dizionario Sabatini Coletti (2006) (1) SUOSHOUCITIAODETONGJI, ZAIYIQUEDINGCIYUANDE79734GEYIDALIYUDANCIZHONG, LADINGYUJIECIYOU19143GE, ZHEIXIESHUJUKEGUANFANYINGLELADINGYUJIECIZAIYIDALIYUCIHUIZHONGDEDIWEI。

                    XINCISHIZHIZAIYIDALIYUXINGCHENGHOU, ZAIYIYOUDANCIDEJICHUSHANG, ANZHAOYIDALIYUDEGOUCIGUILV (RU:JIAQIANZHUI、HOUZHUI、GEZHONGCISUZUHEDENG) CHUANGZAODEXINCI。CHUANGZAOXINCISHIFENGFUCIHUIDEZHONGYAOTUJINGZHIYI (Beccaria, 2007:530) 。YUSUSHICINEIBUZUIXIAODEBIAOYIDANWEI (CIGEN、QIANZHUI、HOUZHUI、CIWEI) DEZONGCHENG。GENJUYUSUSUOBIAOSHIDEYIYIXINGZHIBUTONGYIJIYUSUZAICIDEJIEGOUNEIBUSUOQIZUOYONGBUTONG, TONGCHANGBATAMENFENCHENGCIGENYUSU (JICIGEN) HEFEICIGENYUSU (JICIZHUI) LIANGDALEI (QIYUCUN, 2007:258) 。

                  意大利语中含拉丁语素的复合词与派生词构成

                    JIANYUYIDALIYUYUANZILADINGYU, WEILEBIMIANSHUJUTONGJIDEHUNXIAO, BAOZHENGTAOLUNHEFENXIDEZHENGQUEDU, XUQUERENBIAOZHUNYIQUFENYIDALIYUYUANYUSUHELADINGYUYUANYUSU。CONGSHIJIANSHANGKAN, YIDALIYUYUANYUSUSHIZHIZAIYIDALIYUXINGCHENGZHIQIANYICUNZAIDECIGENHECIZHUI;LADINGYUYUANYUSU, JILADINGYUSU, SHIZHIYIDALIYUXINGCHENGHOUCONGLADINGYUJIERUDECIGENHECIZHUI。GONGYUAN960NIANDE《KABUAPANJUESHU》 (Placito Capuano) , YINWEITADEGUANFANGXINGZHI, BEIRENDINGWEIYIDALIYUDANSHENGDEDIYIFENWENJIAN (Marazzini, 2004:56) 。YINCI, ZHEIYISHIJIANBEISHIWEIYIDALIYUYUANYUSUYULADINGYUYUANYUSUDESHIJIANFENJIEXIAN, TONGSHIYESHIYIDALIYUZHONGLADINGYUYUANCIYULADINGYUWAIJIECIDESHIJIANFENJIEXIAN。

                    三、意大利语新词的构词方法

                    YUDADUOSHUYINOUYUYANYIYANG, YIDALIYUYESHIDALIANGCAIYONGCIZHUIFA、CIYIZHUANYIHEHECHENGFADENGGOUCIFANGFAPAISHENGXINCI。

                    (一) 含拉丁语素的词缀派生词

                    “CIZHUIFAZHISHENGCHENGCI (HUOCIGAN) TONGGUOTIANJIAHUOBIANHUANCIZHUI (QIANZHUI、HOUZHUI, HUOLIANGZHEJIANYONG) ERGOUCHENGXINCIDEFANGFA” (QIYUCUN, 2007:258) , GOUCHENGDECICHENGPAISHENGCI。DUIYULIYONGHOUZHUIGOUCHENGDECI, YUYANXUEJIADOUYIZHIRENWEISHIPAISHENGCI, DANSHIDUIYULIYONGQIANZHUIGOUCHENGDECIQUEYAOFENKAITAOLUN。NEIXIEBENSHENYOUZHEWANZHENGCIXINGBINGQIEKEYIDANDUSHIYONGDEQIANZHUI, TAMENZAISUOGOUCHENGDEXINCIZHONGXIANGDANGYUFUCIHUOJIECI, RU:controJIKEYIDANDUSHIYONGZUOJIECI, BIAOSHI“FANDUI;NIXIANG”DENG, YIKEYICHONGDANGQIANZHUI, BIAOSHI“FANDUI;NIXIANG”DENG, RUcontromarcia (FANFANGXIANGXINGJUN) , ZHEILEIQIANZHUIGOUCHENGDECIBEISHIWEIFUHECI;ERNEIXIEBUNENGDANDUSHIYONGDEQIANZHUIGOUCHENGDECIZESHIPAISHENGCI。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   SUOYI, ZHEILITAOLUNHANLADINGYUSUDEPAISHENGCI, JIBAOKUOZAILADINGYUJIECICIGANSHANGJIARUYIDALIYUYUANDECIZHUIGOUCHENGDEXINCI, YEBAOKUOZAIYIDALIYUYUANCIDECIGANSHANGJIARULADINGYUYUANDECIZHUIGOUCHENGDEXINCI, YIJIZAILADINGYUJIECICIGANSHANGZHIJIEJIARULADINGYUYUANDECIZHUIGOUCHENGDEXINCI。

                    (二) 含拉丁语素的词类转换词

                  星云棋牌官网下载   “ZHUANHUANFASHIZHIXINCIBUGAIBIANYUANCIDEJIBENXINGSHI (JIBUZENGJIA、BUBIANHUANRENHEYUSU) ERZHUANRULINGYIZHONGJUHETI, HUODEXINDEJUFAGONGNENGHEDAPEINENGLI, BINGCHUXIANZAILINGYIZHONGCILEIZHONG”DEGOUCIFANGFA (QIYUCUN, 2007:259) , TONGGUOZHEIZHONGFANGFASHENGCHENGDEXINCIWOMENDINGYIWEICILEIZHUANHUANXINCI。DANSHIYAOZHUYIDESHI:ZHEILIDECILEIZHUANHUANBINGBUSHIZHIGAICICONGYIGECILEIZHUANRUDAOLELINGYIGECILEI, ERSHIZHIYUANYOUDECIMEIYOUXIAOSHI, RENGBAOLIUZAIYUANYOUDECILEI, YUCITONGSHI, XINGOUCHENGDECIZEPINGXINGCUNZAIYULINGYIGECILEIZHONG。RU:LADINGYUJIECIimpermeabile, YUANWEIXINGRONGCI“BUSHENTOUDE”, SUIZHEYUYANDEFAZHAN, TAZENGJIALEYIGEMINGCIYIXIANG“YUYI”。YIDALIYUZHONGHANLADINGYUSUDECILEIZHUANHUANCI, ZHUYAOZHIDESHIZIYIDALIYUDANSHENGHOU, BEIJIERUYIDALIYUDELADINGYUCIFASHENGCILEIZHUANHUANERSHENGCHENGDEXINCI。

                    ZAIYIDALIYUYIQUEDINGCIYUANDE79734GEDANCIZHONG, WAIJIECIYIGONGYOU36740GE, ZHANZONGSHUDE46%。QIZHONG, LADINGYUJIECIYOU19143GE, ZHANYIDALIYUWAIJIECIZONGSHUDE52.1% (ZHANGHAIHONG, 2011) 。YOUCIKEJIAN, JISHISHIZAIYIDALIYUDANSHENGHOU, RENGJIERUDALIANGDELADINGYUCI。ZHEIWUYICONGSHULIANGSHANGTIGAOLEHANLADINGYUYUSUDECILEIZHUANHUANCICHANSHENGDEGAILV。

                    (三) 含拉丁语素的复合词

                    “HECHENGFAZHIBALIANGGEHUOLIANGGEYISHANGDECI (CIGAN) LIANJIEQILAIGOUCHENGXINCIDE”GOUCIFANGFA (QIYUCUN, 2007:260) , TONGGUOHECHENGFASHENGCHENGDECIJIAOZUOHECHENGCI。HECHENGCIYUYIBANDECIZUBUTONG, TADECIYIBINGBUSHIGOUCHENGGAICIDEGEBUFENYIYIDEJIANDANXIANGJIA, TASHIYUYIYIJINGFASHENGLEBIANHUADEXINDEYUYIDANWEI, ZHIBIAOSHIYIGEDANYIDEGAINIAN。LIRU:YOUfranco (MIANSHUIDE) JIASHANGbollo (BIAOJI) GOUCHENGDEfrancobollo (YOUPIAO) 。

                    ZAISHANGSHUSANLEIHANLADINGYUSUDEXINCIGOUCIFANGFAZHONG, HANLADINGYUSUDECIZHUIPAISHENGCIHEHANLADINGYUSUDEFUHECISHICONGCIXINGSHANGYOUSUOBIANHUA, QINGKUANGXIANGDUIFUZA, XIAWENJIANGZHUYAOZHENDUIZHEILIANGLEIHANLADINGYUSUXINCI, TEBIESHIZHANBILIJIAOGAODEHANLADINGYUSUDECIZHUIPAISHENGCIJINXINGFENXI。

                    四、含拉丁语素的复合词构成

                    FUHECISHIYOULIANGGEHUOLIANGGEYISHANGDECIGANLIANJIEERCHENG (Jori, 2013:145) 。YINCI, RUGUOLIANGGECIGANZHONGYOURENYIGESHILADINGYUYUANCIGAN, JILIANGGECIGANZHONGYOURENYIGESHICONGLADINGYUJIERUDECI, GAIFUHECIDOUKEBEISHIWEIHANLADINGYUSUDEFUHECI。

                    ANZHAOYIDALIYUZHONGFUHECIDEGOUCHENGQINGKUANG, KEDUIHANLADINGYUSUDEFUHECIZUORUXIAFENLEI:LIANGGEHUOLIANGGEYISHANGTONGLEICIZUHEYIJILIANGGEBUTONGCILEIDECIZUHE。

                    (一) 两个或两个以上同类词组合

                  星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIZHEILEIFUHECIZHONG, NENGJINXINGZUHEDEJINXIANYUXINGRONGCI、MINGCIHEDONGCISANLEI。YINCI, ZUHEXINGSHIJINXIANYUXINGRONGCIHEXINGRONGCI、MINGCIHEMINGCIYIJIDONGCIHEDONGCISANZHONGXINGSHI。

                    XINGRONGCIHEXINGRONGCIDEZUHE, RU:pianoforte (GANGQIN) , YOULADINGYUJIECIpiano (MANDE) HEforte (KUAIDE) ZUHEGOUCHENG。MINGCIHEMINGCIDEZUHE, RU:capolavoro (JUZUO) , YOULADINGYUMINGCI (2) capo (TOU) HEYIDALIYUMINGCIlavoro (GONGZUO) ZUHEERCHENG。DONGCIHEDONGCIDEZUHE, RU:dormiveglia (BANMENGBANXING) , YOULADINGYUDONGCIdormire (SHUI) HEPULUOWANGSIYUDONGCIsvegliare (XING) ZUHEERCHENG。

                    (二) 两个不同词类的词组合

                  星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIZHEILEIFUHECIZHONG, NENGJINXINGKUACILEIZUHEDECIBAOKUOXINGRONGCI、MINGCI、DONGCI、FUCIHEJIECI。YINCI, ZUHEXINGSHIDEXINGSHIJIAODUO, BAOKUOMINGCIHEXINGRONGCI、FUCIHEXINGRONGCI、DONGCIHEFUCI、DONGCIHEMINGCI、MINGCIHEQIANZHICIHUOFUCIYIJIQIANZHICIHUOFUCIHEMINGCIDEZUHEDENGXINGSHI。

                    MINGCIHEXINGRONGCIZUHE、XINGRONGCIHEMINGCIZUHE, RU:cassaforte (BAOXIANJU, JIEXINGDEFAYUJIECI) , YOULADINGYUMINGCIcassa (XIANGZI) JIASHANGLADINGYUXINGRONGCIforte (QIANGDE) GOUCHENG;mezzanotte (BANYE) , YOULADINGYUXINGRONGCImezzo (YIBANDE) JIASHANGLADINGYUMINGCInotte (YE) GOUCHENG。FUCIHEXINGRONGCIZUHE, RU:sempreverde (CHANGQINGDE) , YOULADINGYUFUCIsempre (ZONGSHI) JIASHANGLADINGYUXINGRONGCIverde (LVSEDE) GOUCHENG。DONGCIHEFUCI、FUCIHEDONGCIZUHE, RU:posapiano (MANTIAOSILIDEREN) , YOULADINGYUDONGCIposareJIASHANGLADINGYUFUCIpiano (MANMANDI) GOUCHENG;benestare (XUKE) , YOULADINGYUFUCIbene (HAODI) JIASHANGLADINGYUDONGCIstare (ZAI) GOUCHENG。DONGCIHEMINGCIZUHE, RU:portafoglio (QIANBAO) , YOULADINGYUDONGCIportare (NA) HELADINGYUMINGCIfoglio (ZHI) ZUHEERCHENG。MINGCIHEQIANZHICIHUOFUCIZUHE、QIANZHICIHUOFUCIHEMINGCIZUHE, RU:sottopassaggio (DIXIATONGDAO) , YOULADINGYUQIANZHICIsotto (ZAI……XIAMIAN) JIASHANGFAYUMINGCIpassaggio (TONGDAO) ;doposcuola (KEWAIFUDAO) , YOULADINGYUFUCIdopo (HOU) JIASHANGLADINGYUMINGCIscuolaGOUCHENG。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   CONGTONGJISHUJUKEYIGUANCHADAO, “YIDALIYUCONGLADINGYUJIERUDECIZHUYAOSHIMINGCI、XINGRONGCIHEDONGCI, FENBIESHI10962、5094HE2633, TAMENFENBIEZHANLEYIDALIYUMINGCIZONGLIANG、XINGRONGCIZONGLIANGHEDONGCIZONGLIANGDE19.3%、24.8%HE27.9%” (ZHANGHAIHONG, 2016:81) 。CIWAI, TONGYIZUTONGJISHUJUXIANSHI, YIDALIYUCONGLADINGYUJIERUDEFUCIHEJIECI, FENBIEZHANLEYIDALIYUFUCIZONGLIANGHEDONGCIZONGLIANGDE19.3%HE4.4%。YINCI, BUNANTUIDUAN, HANLADINGYUSUDEFUHECIZAIYIDALIYUFUHECIZHANJUJIAOGAODEBILI。

                    五、含拉丁语素的词缀派生词构成

                  星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIFENXIHANLADINGYUSUDECIZHUIPAISHENGCIGOUCHENGSHI, TONGGUOTONGJIYIDALIYUZHONGLADINGYUYUANDECIZHUI, BAOKUOLADINGYUYUANDEQIANZHUIHELADINGYUYUANDEHOUZHUIDESHULIANG, KEYIKEGUANLUNZHENGLADINGYUSUZAIYIDALIYUCIZHUIPAISHENGCIZHONGDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。

                    (一) 拉丁语源的词缀

                    YIDALIYUDECIZHUI, BAOKUOQIANZHUIHEHOUZHUI, YIGONGYOU1033GE。QIZHONG, LADINGYUYUANDECIZHUIYOU232GE, ZHANLEYIDALIYUCIZHUIZONGSHUDE22.5%。

                    1. 拉丁语源的前缀

                  星云棋牌官网下载   YIDALIYUDEQIANZHUIYOU670GE, QIZHONGLADINGYUYUANQIANZHUIYOU97GE, ZHANZONGSHUDE14.5%。GENJUQIANZHUIDEYIYI, KEYIANQIBIAOYIJINXINGYIXIADELEIBIEHUAFEN。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   BIAOFANGWEI、FANGXIANGDELADINGYUYUANQIANZHUIYOU17GE:anti- (ZAIQIAN) , intra- (ZAINEI) , intro- (ZAINEI) , infra- (XIAMIAN) , extra-/estra- (ZAI……ZHIWAI) , retro- (ZAIHOU) , fra- (ZAI……ZHIJIAN) , inter- (ZAI……ZHIJIAN) , a- (JIEJIN、KAOJIN) , e- (XIANGWAI) , es- (WAI) , cis- (ZAIZHEIYIBIAN) , super- (ZAISHANGMIAN) , sub- (ZAI……XIAMIAN) , stra- (ZAI……ZHIWAI) , sor- (ZAI……SHANGMIAN) , sopra- (ZAISHANG) 。

                    BIAOFOUDINGYIYIDELADINGYUYUANQIANZHUIYOU4GE:contro- (FANDUI、DUILI) , di- (FOUDING、XIANGFAN) , dis- (FOUDING、XIANGFAN) , in-/im-/ill- (BU、FEI) 。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   BIAOCHENGDUYIYIDELADINGYUYUANQIANZHUIYOU6GE:maxi- (DADE) , oltre- (GUODUDE) , per- (GAO、GUO、QUAN) , tras- (CHAOGUO) , super (CHAO) , stra- (CHAOCHU) , sopra- (CHAO) 。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   BIAOSHULIANGYIYIDELADINGYUYUANQIANZHUIYOU14GE:onni-/omni- (QUANBUDE) , pluri- (DUOSHU) , quadri- (SI) , quadru- (SI) , multi- (DUO) , duo- (ER、SHUANG) , deci- (SHI) , bis- (SHUANG、SHUANGBEI) , bi- (ER、SHUANG) , ambi (ER) , centi- (BAI) , uni (YI、DAN) , tri- (SAN) , semi- (YIBAN) 。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   BIAOSHIJIANXIANHOUDELADINGYUYUANQIANZHUIYOU5GE:anti- (ZAIQIAN) , ante- (ZAIQIAN) , pre- (XIAN、YUXIAN) , post- (HOU) , pro- (ZAIXIAN) 。

                    CIWAI, HAIYOUYIBUFENBIAOSHIQITAYIYIDELADINGYUYUANQIANZHUI, RU:audio- (TING) , agro- (NONGYE) , saccaro- (TANG) DENG。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   TONGGUODUILADINGYUYUANQIANZHUIDEFENXI, NENGKANDAOBIAOSHIJIANHEFANGWEIYIYIDEQIANZHUISUOZHANDEBILIJIAOGAO, FENBIEZHANLADINGYUYUANQIANZHUIDE17.5%HE14.4%。

                    2. 拉丁语源的后缀

                    YIDALIYUDEHOUZHUIYOU420GE。QIZHONG, LADINGYUYUANDEHOUZHUIYOU136GE, ZHANYIDALIYUHOUZHUIZONGSHUDE31.7%。YIDALIYUDEMINGCI、DONGCI、XINGRONGCIHEFUCIDOUYOUHOUZHUI, GULADINGYUYUANDEHOUZHUIKEFENWEIMINGCIHOUZHUI、DONGCIHOUZHUI、XINGRONGCIHOUZHUIHEFUCIHOUZHUI。GEBIEHOUZHUIKEYITONGSHIYONGYULIANGZHONGBUTONGDECILEI, RU:-otaJIKEYIGOUCHENGMINGCI, YEKEYIGOUCHENGXINGRONGCI, RUcairota (KAILUODE;KAILUOREN) ;-istaTONGSHIMINGCIHEXINGRONGCICIZHUI, RUfuturista (WEILAIZHUYIZHE;WEILAIZHUYIDE) DENG。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   MINGCIHOUZHUI, LADINGYUYUANDEMINGCIHOUZHUIYOU82GE, RU:-enza (CUNZAIDEXINGSHIHUOZHUANGTAI) , -are (BIAOSHIGUANXI) , -tura/sura (YONGYUDONGCICIGENHOUGOUCHENGMINGCI, BIAOSHIGAIDONGCISUOBIAOSHIXINGWEIDEJIEGUO) DENG。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   DONGCIHOUZHUI, LADINGYUYUANDEDONGCIHOUZHUIYOU7GE:-ficare (ZUO, SHENGCHAN) , -acchiare (BIAOFANFUDONGZUODE, JIANRUODE) , -itare (BIAODONGZUOZHONGFUDE) , -eggiare (BIAOSHIXIANMOUGEYIYI) , -icare (BIAOZHONGFUDONGZUO) , -izzare (BIAOXIANZHUANG、JIANRUOHUOZHEMOFANG) , -ellare (BIAOJIANRUODEHUOZHEZHONGFUDE) 。XINGRONGCIHOUZHUI, LADINGYUYUANDEXINGRONGCIHOUZHUIYOU55GE, RU:-ario (BIAOSHIGUANXIDE) , -esimo (BIAOSHIXUSHUYIYIDE) DENG。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   FUCIHOUZHUI, LADINGYUYUANDEFUCIHOUZHUIYOU2GE:-ino (SUOXIAOHOUZHUI, DANYOUNIAIDEHANYI) , -unque (GOUCHENGFANZHIXINGFUCI, BIAORENYIDE) 。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   SHANGSHUFENXIXIANSHI, MINGCIHOUZHUIZHANLADINGYUYUANHOUZHUIZONGSHUDE60.3%, DONGCIHOUZHUIZHAN5.1%, XINGRONGCIHOUZHUIZHAN40.4%, FUCIHOUZHUIZHAN1.5%。CONGBILISHANGKAN, YIDALIYUZHONGDELADINGYUYUANHOUZHUIYIMINGCIHOUZHUIHEXINGRONGCIHOUZHUIWEIZHU, TAMENZAILADINGYUYUANHOUZHUIDEBILICHAOGUOLE90%。

                    (二) 含拉丁语素的词缀派生词构成

                    YIDALIYUZHONGHANLADINGYUSUDECIZHUIPAISHENGCIGOUCHENGFANGSHI, ZHUYAOBAOKUOQIANZHUIPAISHENGCIGOUCHENGHEHOUZHUIPAISHENGCIGOUCHENG。TONGGUOTIANJIAHUOZHEBIANHUANQIANZHUIGOUCHENGDEXINCI, QICIYIYIBANHUIFASHENGGAIBIAN, DANSHITADECILEISHUXINGYIBANBUBIAN。HOUZHUIBUNENGDULICHENGCI, ERZHISHIYIGEJUYOUMOUZHONGYIYIDEYUSU。“TABENSHENZHISHIFUZHEZAIMOUGEHUOZHEMOUXIECIGANZHIHOU, KEYIBATAMENCONGZHEIXIECIZHONGFENJIECHULAI, JIADAOQITACIGANSHANGQUYIBIAOSHITONGYIGEGAINIAN” (LIANGSHOUQIANG, 1964:34) 。TIANJIAHUOZHEBIANHUANHOUZHUIJIKEYIGOUCHENGTONGLEIDECI, YEKEYIGOUCHENGBUTONGLEIDECI。

                    1.前缀派生词构成

                  星云棋牌官网下载   ANZHAOGOUCIZHONGLADINGYUSUDEWEIZHI, WOMENBAYIDALIYUDEQIANZHUIPAISHENGCIFENWEI:CIGANWEILADINGYUSUDEQIANZHUIPAISHENGCI、QIANZHUIWEILADINGYUSUDEQIANZHUIPAISHENGCIYIJICIGANHECIZHUIDOUWEILADINGYUSUDEQIANZHUIPAISHENGCI。

                    CIGANWEILADINGYUSUDEQIANZHUIPAISHENGCI, JIYILADINGYUJIECIWEICIGAN, ANZHAOYIDALIYUDEGOUCIFANGFATIANJIAHUOZHEBIANHUANFEILADINGYUYUANDEQIANZHUISUOGOUCHENGDEXINCI, RU:aeroporto (JICHANG) , YOULADINGYUJIECIportoJIASHANGYIDALIYUQIANZHUIaero-GOUCHENG;avanspettacolo (KAICHANGXIAOXI) , YOULADINGYUJIECIspettacoloJIASHANGYIDALIYUQIANZHUIavan-GOUCHENG;filogenesi (XITONGFAYU) , YOULADINGYUJIECIgenesiJIASHANGYIDALIYUQIANZHUIfiloGOUCHENG。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   QIANZHUIWEILADINGYUSUDEQIANZHUIPAISHENGCI, JIYIFEILADINGYUSUWEICIGAN, ANZHAOYIDALIYUDEGOUCIFANGFATIANJIAHUOZHEBIANHUANLADINGYUYUANQIANZHUISUOGOUCHENGDEXINCI, RU:disadattamento (BUHEQUN) , YOUYIDALIYUCIGANadattamentoJIASHANGLADINGYUYUANQIANZHUIdis-GOUCHENG;decilitro (FENSHENG) , YOUFAYUJIECICIGANlitroJIASHANGLADINGYUYUANQIANZHUIdeci-GOUCHENG;bidimensionale (ERWEIDE) , YOUYIDALIYUCIGANdimensionaleJIASHANGLADINGYUYUANQIANZHUIbi-GOUCHENG。

                    CIGANHECIZHUIDOUWEILADINGYUSUDEQIANZHUIPAISHENGCI, JIYILADINGYUJIECIWEICIGAN, ANZHAOYIDALIYUDEGOUCIFANGFATIANJIAHUOZHEBIANHUANLADINGYUYUANQIANZHUISUOGOUCHENGDEXINCI, RU:oltrepassare (CHAOYUE) , YOULADINGYUJIECIpassareJIASHANGQIANZHUIoltre-GOUCHENG;contraccambiare (HUIBAO) , YOULADINGYUJIECIcambiareJIASHANGQIANZHUIcontro-GOUCHENG;oltremodo (JIDUDI) , YOULADINGYUJIECImodoJIASHANGLADINGYUYUANQIANZHUIoltre-GOUCHENG。

                    2.后缀派生词构成

                    ANZHAOGOUCIZHONGLADINGYUSUDEWEIZHI, WOMENBAYIDALIYUDEHOUZHUIPAISHENGCIFENWEI:CIGANWEILADINGYUSUDEHOUZHUIPAISHENGCI、HOUZHUIWEILADINGYUSUDEHOUZHUIPAISHENGCIYIJICIGANHECIZHUIDOUWEILADINGYUSUDEHOUZHUIPAISHENGCI。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   CIGANWEILADINGYUSUDEHOUZHUIPAISHENGCI, JIYILADINGYUJIECIWEICIGAN, ANZHAOYIDALIYUDEGOUCIFANGFATIANJIAHUOZHEBIANHUANFEILADINGYUYUANDEHOUZHUISUOGOUCHENGDEXINCI, RU:stilistico (FENGGEDE) , YOULADINGYUJIECIstileJIASHANGYIDALIYUXINGRONGCIHOUZHUI-isticoGOUCHENG;venuta (LAI) , YOULADINGYUJIECIvenireJIASHANGYIDALIYUMINGCIHOUZHUI-utaGOUCHENG;lessema (CISU) , YOULADINGYUJIECIlessicoJIASHANGYIDALIYUMINGCIHOUZHUI-emaGOUCHENG。

                    HOUZHUIWEILADINGYUSUDEHOUZHUIPAISHENGCI, JIYIFEILADINGYUSUWEICIGAN, ANZHAOYIDALIYUDEGOUCIFANGFATIANJIAHUOZHEBIANHUANLADINGYUYUANHOUZHUISUOGOUCHENGDEXINCI, RU:burrificare (SHIBIANHUANGYOU) , YOUYIDALIYUZHONGDEFAYUJIECIburroJIASHANGLADINGYUYUANDONGCIHOUZHUI-ficareGOUCHENG;controllabile (KEKONGZHIDE) , YOUDONGCIcontrollareJIASHANGLADINGYUYUANXINGRONGCIHOUZHUI-bileGOUCHENG;bancario (YINXINGDE) , YOUMINGCIbancaJIASHANGLADINGYUYUANXINGRONGCIHOUZHUI-arioGOUCHENG。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   CIGANHECIZHUIDOUWEILADINGYUSUDEHOUZHUIPAISHENGCI, JIYILADINGYUJIECIWEICIGAN, ANZHAOYIDALIYUDEGOUCIFANGFATIANJIAHUOZHEBIANHUANLADINGYUYUANHOUZHUISUOGOUCHENGDEXINCI, RU:accoglienza (HUANYING) , YOULADINGYUJIECIaccogliereYULADINGYUYUANMINGCIHOUZHUI-enzaGOUCHENG;collinare (QIULINGDE) , YOULADINGYUJIECIcollinaYULADINGYUYUANXINGRONGCIHOUZHUI-areGOUCHENG;organizzare (ZUZHI) , YOULADINGYUJIECIorganoYULADINGYUYUANDONGCIHOUZHUI-izzareGOUCHENG。

                    六、结语

                  星云棋牌官网下载   YIDALIYUCONGTONGSULADINGYUFAZHANERLAI。YIDALIYUXINCIDEGOUCHENGZHUYAOCAIYONGDESHICIZHUIFA、CIYIZHUANYIHEHECHENGFA。YIDALIYUZHONG, HANLADINGYUSUDECIZHUIPAISHENGCIZHUYAOSHITONGGUOSHIYONGLADINGYUYUANDECIZHUIPAISHENGXINCI, ERHANLADINGYUSUDECIZHUIZAIYIDALIYUCIZHUIZONGSHUZHONGDEZHANBICHAOGUOLEWUFENZHIYI。YIDALIYUZHONG, HANLADINGYUSUDECILEIZHUANHUANCIZHUYAOTONGGUOLADINGYUJIECIDECILEIZHUANHUANERCHENG, HANLADINGYUSUDEFUHECIZEYILADINGYUJIECIWEICIGANJINXINGZUHEPAISHENGXINCI, ERLADINGYUJIECIZAIYIDALIYUWAIJIECIZONGSHUZHONGSUOZHANBILIDECHAOGUOLEERFENZHIYI。YINCI, FENXIYIDALIYUZHONGHANLADINGYUSUDEXINCIGOUCHENG, KEYIQUERENLADINGYUSUZAIYIDALIYUXINCIGOUCHENGZHONGZHANJUZHONGYAODIWEI, TONGSHIYEFANYINGLEZAIYIDALIYUDANSHENGHOULADINGYURENGDUIYIDALIYUYOUCHIXUXINGYINGXIANG。

                    参考文献:

                    []梁守锵. 1964.词汇学[M].北京:商务印书馆.
                    戚雨村. 2007.语言学引论[M].上海:上海外语教育出版社.
                    []张海虹. 2011.意大利语中的借词及其重要作用[J].广东外语外贸大学学报, 22 (1) :45-47.
                    张海虹. 2016.意大利语中的拉丁语借词[C]∥北京外国语大学欧洲语言文化学院, 编.欧洲语言文化研究:第八辑.北京:时事出版社.
                    []BECCARIA G L. 2007. Dizionario di Linguistica[Z] Torino:Einaudi.
                    DARDANO M, TRIFONE P. 2001. La Nuova Grammatica della Lingua Italiana[M]. Milano:Zanichelli.
                    JORI M. G. 2013. Diritto, Nuove Tecnologie e Comunicazione Digitale[M]. Milano:Giuffrè.
                    MARAZZINI C. 2002. La Lingua Italiana[M]. Bologna:il Mulino.
                    MARAZZINI C. 2004. Breve Storia della Lingua Italiana[M]. Bologna:il Mulino.
                    SABATINI F, COLETTI V. 2005. Il Sabatini Coletti-Dizionario della Lingua Italiana 2006[Z]. Firenze:Giunti.

                    注释:

                    1 如无特别指明, 本文所收集的数据均来自对该词典电子版所收录的意大利语词条的统计。
                    2 如无特别说明, 本节所说的拉丁语名词、动词、形容词、副词和前置词是指名词性、动词性、形容词性、副词性和前置词性的拉丁语借词。

                    张海虹.含拉丁语素的意大利语新词的构词方法[J].广东外语外贸大学学报,2018,29(03):83-88.
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