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            跨文化视角下大学意大利语教学策略

            时间:2018-12-09 来源:智库时代 作者:唐新越,罗逸夫 本文字数:4428字

              摘    要: 本文以“适应发展需求,培养高素质复合型、应用型人才”的现代教育思想为指导,以跨文化交际理论为基础,以改进大学意大利语教学质量和提高学生跨文化交际能力为目标,展开对跨文化视角下大学意大利语教学提升新路径的探索研究。

              关键词: 跨文化交际; 教学方法;

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            星云棋牌官网下载   SUIZHEWOGUOYUYIDALIDEJIAOLIUYUELAIYUEPINFAN、GUANGFAN,DUIJUYOUKUAWENHUAJIAOJINENGLIDEFUHEXINGYIDALIYURENCAIDEXUQIUYIJINGXIANDEYUELAIYUETUCHU。ERZAIXIANSHIDEQINGKUANGZHONG,JIAOSHITONGCHANGHUIYONGDALIANGDESHIJIANJIANGSHOUYUYANDEWAIZAIXINGSHIYUYUFAJIEGOU,WANGWANGHUSHILEDUIYUYANWENHUALIJIEYUSHIYINGZHISHIDECHUANSHOU,YIJIDUIXUESHENGKUAWENHUAJIAOJINENGLIYUYUYANHUANJINGYINGBIANNENGLIDEPEIYANG。BENWENYI“SHIYINGFAZHANXUQIU,PEIYANGGAOSUZHIFUHEXING、YINGYONGXINGRENCAI”DEXIANDAIJIAOYUSIXIANGWEIZHIDAO,YIKUAWENHUAJIAOJILILUNWEIJICHU,YIGAIJINDAXUEYIDALIYUJIAOXUEZHILIANGHETIGAOXUESHENGKUAWENHUAJIAOJINENGLIWEIMUBIAO,ZHANKAIDUIKUAWENHUASHIJIAOXIADAXUEYIDALIYUJIAOXUETISHENGXINLUJINGDETANSUOYANJIU。

              一、意大利语文化如何导入与输出

              YUYANDEXUEXIYUWENHUADEXUEXISHIMIBUKEFENDE,YUYANSHIWENHUADESUOYINGYUZAITI,LIANGZHEXIANGHUYINGXIANG,XIANGHUSHENTOU。YAOXIANGZHENZHENGZHANGWOYIMENYUYAN,ZUODAOZHENGQUEDIHUIDABIERENHEZHUNQUEDIBIAODAZIJI,JIUBIXUXUEXIXIANGGUANGUOJIADEWENHUA、LISHIDENGXIANGGUANZHISHI。BIRUSHUOYIDALIDECAIPUSHANGYOUYIDAOFEICHANGYOUMINGDECAI,JIAOMAGELITEPISA。YIBANLAISHUO,WOMENKEYICONGCAIMINGZHONGLEJIEDAOSHIWUDECAILIAO、KOUWEIHUOZHEZHIZUOFANGFA;ER“MAGELITEPISA”ZHEIDAOCAI,DANDANCONGMINGZIERYAN,NIZHINENGZHIDAOZHEIDAOCAISHIPISA,TADEPEILIAOYUKOUWEIWOMENYIWUSUOZHI。YINCI,LEJIEMAGELITEPISADELAILIXIANDEYOUWEIZHONGYAO。1889NIAN,YIDALIWANGHOUMAGELITEZAOFANGNEIBULESISHIXIANGCHANGCHANGDANGDIZHEMINGPISASHILAFAAILAI·AISIBOXITUOZHIZUODEPISA,DANGSHIPISABEIDANGZUOSHIQIONGRENGUOFUDESHIWU,GUIZUJIEJIDUIYUZHEIZHONGMEIWEIDESHIWUQUECHIZHIYIBI,ERWANGHOUDEDAOLAIWEIYIDALIDEPISASHISHULILEYIGEXINDELICHENGBEI。AISIBOXITUOJIANGBISAZUOCHULEYIDALIGUOQIDESANZHONGYANSEYIBIAODADUIZUGUODEREAIZHIQING——LUOLEYEDELVSE,XIHONGSHIDEHONGSE,YIJISHOUCIDADANDIQIYONGLEMOSALILANAILAODEBAISE,BINGMINGMINGWEIMAGELITEPISA。BULEJIEZHEIDUANLISHIDEHUA,GENBENWUFALEJIEMAGELITEPISASHISHENME,GENGWUFAZAIFANYISHIZUOCHUJIESHI,YINGXIANGFANYIDEZHILIANG。

              YUYANXUEJIALADUOZAITADEZHEZUO《YUYANJIAOXUEDEKEXUEFANGFA》ZHONGSHUODAO:“WOMENBUZHANGWOWENHUADEBEIJINGJIUBUKENENGJIAOHAOYUYAN,YUYANSHIWENHUADEYIBUFEN,YINCI,BUDONGDEWENHUADEMOSHIHEZHUNZE,JIUBUKENENGZHENZHENGXUEDAOYUYAN”。BIRUSHUO,YOUYIGEJUZISHI“Ti voglio bene”,voglioDEYISIWEIWOXIWANG、WOXIANGYAO,tiSHIDIERRENCHENGDANSHUDEZHIJIEBINYUDAICI,beneSHIYISIWEI“HAO”DEFUCI,NEIMEZHEIJUHUANENGFANYIWEI“WOXIANGYAONIHAO”HUOZHE“WOXIWANGNIHAO”MA?BINGBUNENG!ZHEIJUHUARUGUOANZHAOZIMIANYIYILAILIJIEDEHUASHIWANQUANCUOWUDE,ZHEIJUHUASHIYIDALIYUZHONGYIGEFEICHANGLANGFEIDEBIAODAFANGSHI,TADEYIYISHI“WOXIHUANNI”;YOUBIRUZHEIGEJUZI“Mi manchi”,manchiDEYISIWEINIQUESHAO,miSHIDIYIRENCHENGDANSHUDEZHIJIEBINYUDAICI,NEIMEZHEIJUHUADEYISISHI“NIQUESHAOLEWO”MA?DANGRANBUSHI,ZHEIJUHUAYESHIYIDALIYUZHONGYIGEFEICHANGLANGMANDEBIAODAFANGSHI,TADEYIYISHI“WOXIANGNILE”。

              因此,有许多学者提出把语言学习者送到地道的语言文化环境中去,各个高校也确实有许多交换项目来实现这一想法,但是并不是每一个外语学生都能拥有同等的机会。庆幸的是,如今国内普遍使用的意大利语教材不仅只针对语言的学习,对意大利的文化也稍有涉及,但对于文化的学习还远远不够。因此在有限的教学条件下,最实际也最有效的教学方法就是以教材为指导,利用课堂讲授、阅读相关材料、使用音像制品、网络教育等方式拓展包括语言文化在内的各方面的知识;认真对比中意文化,让学生适当感悟两国的文化差异。另外,还需要教师在教学上把文化差异的内容讲清楚,把教材上的知识转化到课堂实践上,让学生学会如何正确的回答以及准确的表达。
             

            跨文化视角下大学意大利语教学策略
             

              DANSHI,GUONEIGAOXIAOPUBIANSHIYONGDEJIAOCAIDOUYOUXIECHENJIU,ERYUYANDEFAZHANYUGENGTISHIXUNSUDE;YUEDUCAILIAOYUYINXIANGZHIPINZAIYUYANJIAOLIUZHONGCHENGDANXIANGXING,DOUMEIYOUYUYIDALIRENZHENZHENQIEQIEZHIJIEJIAOLIULAIDEYOUXIAO。YINCI,JIAOSHIKEYICHONGFENWAJUEBENXIAODEJIAOXUEZIYUANHETIAOJIAN,HUOZHEJIANLIXIAOJILIANYIDENGXINGSHI,KAIZHANYIDALILIUXUESHENGYUYIDALIYUZHUANYEXUESHENGDEJIAOLIUHUODONG,YIYOUXIAOXUNLIANYUTISHENGBUTONGXUESHENGDEKUAWENHUAJIAOJINENGLI。

              二、意大利语词汇直观解读法

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            星云棋牌官网下载   ERWOMENPINGCHANGSUOYONGDECIDIANDADUOSHUSHIYONGZHONGWENSHIYI,ZHEIJIUWEIKUAWENHUAJIAOXUEZENGSHELEZHANGAI。WOMENZHIDAO,ZHONGWENJIESHI,TEBIESHIDONGCI,WANGWANGZHISHIYIGECIZU,YOUSHIHOUGENBENMEIBANFATIXIANCHUYIDALIYUDANCIDESHIYONGDEYUJING;ERYIDALIYUDANCIZHONG,YOUHENDUOSHIHOUTONGYIZHONGYISIDEDANCIXUZAIBUTONGDEHUANJINGXIASHIYONG,RUGUOKAOZHONGWENSHIYIDECIDIANLAICHAYUEDEHUA,BUMIANHUIZAOCHENGXUDUOQIYIYUGANGA。BIRUSHUO,VerificareYUControllareZHEILIANGGEDANCI,TAMENDEZHONGWENYISIJUNWEIJIANCHA、JIANYAN、HESHI,KANBUCHUTAMENDEQUBIEZAINALI。ERZAIYIDALIYUSHIYIBIAOSHITAMENSHIYOUQUBIEDE:VerificareZHIHESHIMOUSHIDEZHENSHIXINGHUOZHESHUJUDEZHUNQUEXING;ControllareZHIJIANCHAMOUSHIWUDEQINGKUANGSHIFOUZHENGCHANG;TAMENDELIZIFENBIEWEI:verificare una legge chimica(YANZHENGYIGEHUAXUEYUANLI);controllare i documenti dei passeggeri(JIANCHACHENGKEDEZHENGJIAN)。TONGGUOYIDALIYUSHIYIYUYIDALIYULIZI,WOMENKEYIQINGCHUDIKANCHUTAMENZAIYONGFASHANGDEQUBIE。

            星云棋牌官网下载   YINCI,ZAIMIANDUIBURENSHIDEDANCISHI,WOMENYINGGAISHIYONGYIDALIYUSHIYIDECIDIANJINXINGCHAYUE,BINGZIXIYUEDUCIHUIDEJIESHI,LIJIESHIYONGDEYUJINGYUXIANGGUANDEDAPEI。ERDUIYUMINGCIDEJIYI,TONGGUOSHIWU、TUPIANHUODONGZUODENGLAIJIYINENGJIASHENXUESHENGDEYINXIANG;YINWEIZHEIZHONGFANGSHINENGYINQIXUESHENGXUEXIDEXINGQU,JIXUESHENGYIGEZHIGUANJUTIDEYINXIANG,BIMIANLEDANCIJIYIZHONGDECHOUXIANGHEKUZAO。ZAIBENRENDEJIAOXUEJINGYANZHONG,DUIDINIANJIHUOZHEYUYANXUEXISHIJIANJIAODUANDETONGXUE,CAIYONGLEDANCIYOUXIDEFANGSHILAIJIYIDANCI,JIJIANGDANCIYUZHENGQUEDESHIWU、TUPIAN、YIDALIYUSHIYILIANXIAN,FENZUJINGSAI,XUESHENGDEREQINGJIAOGAO、XUEXIXIAOGUOJIAOHAO。

              三、意大利语跨文化反向思维法

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              ZAIJIAOXUEGUOCHENGZHONG,LAOSHIKEYITONGGUOQINGJINGMONIDEFANGSHIRANGXUESHENGGENGHAODILEJIEYIDALIDERICHANG、SHANGDIAN、ZHICHANG、YIYUANDENGDUOZHONGCHANGHEDEZHUYAOTEDIANYIJIXIANGGUANBIAODAFANGSHI,RANGXUESHENGJIANGXUEDAODEYUYANZHISHIZAIMONIDEHUANJINGZHONGSHIJIYUNYONG,ZHEIYEJIANGTIGAOXUESHENGDELINCHANGFAHUINENGLIYIJIYUYANBIANTONGNENGLI。BIRUSHUOYIDALIYUZHONGYOUYIGEJUZI“In bocca al lupo!”,RUGUOMEIYOUYIDALIYUWENHUAJICHU,WANGWANGHUICUOWUDILIJIEWEI“ZAILANGDEZUILI”,ERZHEIJUHUAZHENZHENGDEYIYISHIZHUFUDUIFANG,TEBIESHIZHUFUJIJIANGCANJIAKAOSHIDEREN,ZHUFUDUIFANGYONGYOUHAOYUNQI;NEIMEGAIZENMEHUIYINGDUIFANGNI?ZAIWOMENGUYOUDESIWEILI,DANGBIERENZHUNIHAOYUNQISHI,WOMENYINGGAILIMAODIDUIDUIFANGBIAOSHIGANJI,SUOYIWOMENYINGGAIHUIYING“grazie(ZHONGWENYISIWEIXIEXIE)”MA?DANGRANBUNENG!“In bocca al lupo”WEIYIDUIYINGDEHUIDASHI“Crepi(il lupo)(ZHONGWENYISIWEIDANYUANRUCI)”。

              ZHEIZHONGMONIDEHUANJINGSUIRANBUNENGWANQUANZHENSHIHAIYUANYIDALIDESHIJIQINGKUANG,DANSHIYENENGGOUJIDAXIANDUDIBAXUESHENGDAIRUDAOYIDALIYUSHIYONGDEHUANJINGZHONGQU,YESHIMUQIANGAOXIAOKETANGZHONGBIJIAOYOUXIAODEKUAWENHUAJIAOYUSHOUDUANZHIYI。

              四、意大利语跨文化网络教学法

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              (一)了解教学对象

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              (二)突出教学对象

              RENDEDANAOXIANTIANJUYOUZHANGWOYUYANDENENGLI。“ZAIYIDINGDEYUYANHUANJINGXIARENMENWEILESHENGCUNHEGONGZUO,WEILECANJIAGEZHONGHUODONG,HUIZAIQIANYISHIZHONG,ZHUDONGDIMOFANGSUOCHUHUANJINGZHONGDEYUYAN,JIYI、YUNYONG,JINERDADAOSHULIANZHANGWO。TONGGUOBUDUANLIJIEZHOUWEIDESHIWU,JIJIGOUJIANZIJIDESHIJIE”。(HEGUANGQIAN,2001)QISHIYUYANXUEXISHIYIGEZHUDONGDEXINGWEI,SHIXUEXIZHE“MOFANG—JIYI—YUNYONG—CHUANGZAO”DEGUOCHENG。XUESHENGZAIXUEXIDEGUOCHENGZHONGBIXUYAOYOUYIGEJIAOSEDEZHUANHUA,CONGZUICHUDE“MOFANG—JIYI”JIEDUANLIDEBEIDONGJIESHOU,ZHUANHUADAOHOUMIANDE“YUNYONG—CHUANGZAO”JIEDUANLIDEZHUDONGCHUANGZAO。ZAIZHEIGEGUOCHENGZHONG,JIAOSHIBIXUYAOFAHUIHENDADEZUOYONG,ZUOCHUHENDADENULI,ZENGJIAXUESHENGDEKOUTOULIANXISHIJIAN,JINLIANGDUOJIXUESHENGTIGONGYOUQUDE、XINGSHIFENGFUDEXUEXI、SHIJIANDEJIHUI,RANGXUESHENGQUMOFANG、QUJIYI、QUYUNYONG、QUCHUANGZAO。

              (三)提高教师的自身素养

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              参考文献

              [1]张筠.高校英语教育中培养学生跨文化交际能力的有效途径[J].校园英语,2017(39):31.
              [2]职莉莉.中国意大利语教学的历史、现状与发展[J].湖北广播电视大学学报,2011(12):115-116.
              [3]廖田甜.跨文化交际框架下的意大利语教学[J].科技资讯,2014(38):173.
              [4] 何广千.英语教学法课程[M].济南:济南大学出版社,2001.
              [5]蒋莉.外语教学中跨文化交际能力和跨文化敏感度研究[J].哈尔滨学院学报,2008(5):106-109.
              [6]Samovar, L.A.&Porter, R.E.Communication Between Cultures[M].Beijing:Peking University Press,2004.

              唐新越,罗逸夫.跨文化背景下意大利语教学方法的新探索[J].智库时代,2019(45):186-187.
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