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                              学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 语言学论文 > 意大利语论文

                              意大利语的发音特点探析

                              时间:2014-06-01 来源:未知 作者:小韩 本文字数:2260字

                                一、意大利语的发音特点
                                
                                意大利语语音清晰,音序均匀而有节奏,每个音发出来都平正而淳厚。意大利著名歌唱家卡鲁索认为:“清晰的咬字,绝对不会对声音有害处,相反会使声音更完美、更集中、更柔和。”

                              星云棋牌官网下载   NEIMEYIDALIYUDOUYOUNAXIETEDIANNI?

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                                二、发声与咬字的统一
                                
                              星云棋牌官网下载   欧洲的语言都是由母音和子音所组成。人的发声是离不开母音的,所以声音的连贯性,从某种角度上说,实际上是母音的连贯,才是发声部位的统一与连贯的关键所在。欧洲传统唱法强调母音的纯正,为了追求圆润而明亮的音色和丰富的共鸣是十分忌讳“浅”而“扁”的 “白声”.以“啊”[a]母音为例,在中低声区常有共鸣的“啊”时,口型虽仍带微笑做“啊”字状,但口咽部分却要带点“奥”[o]音的部分,这种发声状况简称之为“里[o]外[a]”(但要防止过分)。因此,所谓的“纯正的”母音[a],实际上就是在“里[o]外[a]”和又有气息支持的前提下,把母音唱的听起来像[a].换句话说,唱歌的[a]与说话的[a]又相同,又不同;相同的是中声区的口型,都做[a]状;不同的是口咽部分在歌唱时捎带点[o]状,而说话时则不带[o]状。现在声乐界虽然提倡歌唱时的吐字要像说话那样清晰、亲切,但如果真用说话时的发声、吐字去唱歌,就会失诸“有字无声”,不能满足歌唱要“字正腔圆”的要求,所以实际上歌唱时用的声音是“像说话”(quasi parlando) ,而不是“真说话”.因此,我总结出两点:一是位置;二是状态。母音的纯正就是指在这样前提下的清晰,纯正。

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