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                              学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 语言学论文 > 意大利语论文

                              美声歌唱中意大利语音的相关问题探析

                              时间:2014-08-28 来源:未知 作者:傻傻地鱼 本文字数:6836字
                              标题

                                CHANSHENGYU16SHIJIZHI17SHIJIYIDALIFOLUOLUNSADEMEISHENGCHANGFA(Bel canto,YIDALIYUYUANYIWEI"MEILIDEGECHANG"),JIBAINIANLAIYIZHISHIGEGUOGECHANGYISHUJIASUOZHUIQIUDEGECHANGJIQIAOZHIZUIGAOLIXIANG。MEISHENGCHANGFAZAIFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONG,ZAIYUANYOUDEJICHUSHANGFAZHANCHULEDEGUOSHENGLEXUEPAI、FAGUOSHENGLEXUEPAIHEEGUOSHENGLEXUEPAIDENGZHONGDUOXUEPAI。CONGSHENMEIJIAODUFENXI,GEXUEPAIZAIFASHENGJISHUSHANGSUIMEIYOUYOULIEZHIFEN,QUECUNZAIYIDINGDEFENGGECHAYI,ZAOCHENGZHEIFENGGECHAYIDEZHONGYAOYINSUJIUSHIGEYUYANZHIJIANBUTONGYUYINDEYUNDONGXINGTAI,YUYINDECHAYIZUIZHONGYOUYINGXIANGLEGEGEXUEPAIDEFAZHAN。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   MEISHENGCHANGFAFAZHANDAOJINTIAN,CONGGECHANGFANGFA、ZUOPINDESHULIANGHEYISHUXINGYIJIYOUXIUGECHANGJIADESHULIANGDENGFANGMIAN,WUYIYIDALIXUEPAIZHANJULEYOUSHI,ZHEIZHONGYOUSHIQISHIZHIJIEDEYIYUYIDALIYUYUYIN。YOUCIYEPAISHENGCHULEJIGEJIBENWENTI :DAODISHENMESHIYIDALIYUYUYIN?TAYOUHETEDIAN?YIDALIYUYUYINYUMEISHENGGECHANGZHIJIANDAODISHISHENMEYANGDEGUANXI?YIDALIYUYUYINZAIGECHANGZHONGHAICUNZAINAXIECHANGJIANWENTI?JIEJUEZHEIXIEWENTIDEFANGFATUJINGYOUSHISHENME?

                                一、意大利语语音及其特点

                                "SHISHENME"DEWENTISHIZUIJICHU、ZUIGENBENDEWENTI,SHILILUNYUSHIJIANDECHUFADIAN。YIDALIYUYUYINYITUOYUYIDALIYU,SHIYIDALIYUDEWUZHIWAIQIAO,MEIYOUYIDALIYU,YUYINZEWUCONGTANQI。YIDALIYUGONGYOU21GEZIMU,QIZHONG5GEYUANYINZIMU,GEFUYINZIMU,LINGWAIYOU5GEWAILAIZIMU(ZHIZAIWAILAICIHUIZHONGCHUXIAN,RURENMING、DIMINGDENG,ZAIBENWENZHONGBUZUOJUTIBIAOSHU)。YUANYIN、FUYINYIJIYOUTAMENJIEHEERCHENGDEYINJIESHIYIDALIYUYUYINDESANDAJIBENYAOSU,QUEYIBUKE。SANDAYAOSUYITAMENTEYOUDEFAYINFANGSHIHEZUHEFANGSHIGOUCHENGLEYIDALIYUYUYIN。

                                YIDALIYUYUYINYIQIDUTEDEFAYINTEDIANSHIMEISHENGGECHANGGENGJUMEILI,QIYUYINDEXIANZHETEDIANYOUYIXIASANDIAN。

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                                二、意大利语语音与美声歌唱的关系

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                                1.ZHANGWOBIAOZHUNDEYUANYINFAYINSHIMEISHENGGECHANGDEJICHU

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                                除了常规的辅音发音外,还有几个特殊的辅音对美声歌唱来讲也是至关重要的。比如,意大利语中的大舌颤音"r",掌握它的标准发音不仅能准确地表达词意,更重要的是能使作品听起来带有一种独特的民族风情,歌者通过这个发音第一时间向听众传达了作品的地域特色。再如,在实际歌唱中,清辅音、浊辅音与单辅音、复辅音的准确发音也是意大利美声歌唱重要的个性标志,由于它们的区别非常微弱,极易被歌者忽略,导致其演唱被定义为表达风格不准确。分析它们二者的共同点是 :若不能在歌唱中清晰地区分发音,就无法做到区别词意,严重的还会产生歧义(如"topo-dopo",老鼠-之后),使语言传情达意的效果大大降低。
                                
                                分析二者的不同点是 :清辅音与浊辅音,只要准确地区别发音就能够准确地传情达意 ;而单辅音与复辅音则不但要准确区分发音,还要在复辅音发音的强度和时值上根据作品的故事情节、人物性格进行适度地夸张(例如将复辅音唱成三辅音、五辅音),才能鲜明地表现出作品的风格特色。美声歌唱中一些极富特色的因素都是从以上具有特殊效果的辅音的语音运动形态中表现出来的。因此,标准的具有特殊效果的辅音发音在演唱中能凸显意大利语语音的个性特点,使声乐作品的风格特色得以体现。
                               

                              星云棋牌官网下载   YIDALIYUDEFUYINCONGFAYINBUWEIHEFAYINFANGFASHANG,DOUHUIZHIJIEYINGXIANGGEZHEDEYANCHANGYINSEHECHUANQINGDAYIDESHIDU。WEILEBIMIANBUZHENGQUEDEFUYINFAYINJINYIBUZHIYUEMEISHENGGECHANGDEYISHUBIAOXIANLI,GEZHEBIXUZHANGWOBIAOZHUNDEFUYINFAYIN,ZHEISHIMEISHENGGECHANGDEGUANJIANHUANJIE。

                                3.ZHANGWOZHENGQUEDEYINJIEHUAFENSHIMEISHENGGECHANGDEZHONGYAOBAOZHANG

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                                LIRUZUOPIN《RENMENJIAOWOMIMI》(〔YI〕PUQINIQU,JIANGYING、SHANGJIAXIANG、DENGYINGYIYIPEI)。

                                【4】

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                                三、美声歌唱中存在的主要意大利语语音问题及其解决的方法途径

                                1.BUNENGZHENGQUEZHANGWOGECHANGZHONGDEYUANYINFAYIN

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                                2.BUNENGZHENGQUEZHANGWODASHEZHANYIN"r"DEFAYIN

                              星云棋牌官网下载   (1)BUHUIFAYIN。YIDALIYUZHONGDEDASHEZHANYIN"r"SHIYIDALIMEISHENGGECHANGZHONGYAODEGEXINGBIAOZHI,ZAIYIDALIYUDECIYUZHONGCHUXIANPINLVFEICHANGGAO,RUbuongiorno(NIHAO)、grazie(XIEXIE)DENG。YOUBUSHAOMEISHENGCHANGFADEXUEXIZHEZISHIZHIZHONGYEMEINENGZHANGWODASHEZHANYIN"r"DEFAYIN,ZHEIDUIYANCHANGLAISHUOWUYISHIYIDAQUEXIAN。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   (2)HUIFAYIN,DANBUBIAOZHUN。YOUDEGEZHEFACHUDEDASHEZHANYINDAIYOUZITOU,LEISIYUPINYINDE"dele",ZITOUGUOHOUCAINENGFACHU"r"YIN,ZHEIYANGBUJINTINGQILAISHIFENBENZHUO,ERQIEZAIGECHANGDANGZHONGBUSHIYONG,YINWEIWANGWANGCUOGUOLEFACIYINDESHIZHI。HAIYOUDEGEZHE,ZAIFACIYINQIANHUIBUYOUZIZHUDIXIANFAYIGEJIANDUANDEJIEYUPINYIN"a"HE"e"ZHIJIANDEYIN,QIYINXIANGXIAOGUOJINSIYU[?r],ZAIGECHANGZHONGBUDANYINGXIANGGEZHEDESHENGYIN,HAIHUIMOHUZHENGGECIDEFAYIN。ZENYANGCAINENGZHENGQUEZHANGWODASHEZHANYIN"r"DEFAYINNI?

                                HANYUDANGZHONGMEIYOUDASHEZHANYIN,ZHEIDUIYIHANYUWEIMUYUDEGEZHEERYANSHIGENANDIAN。YOUXIEYIYIDALIYUZUOWEIMUYUDERENYEBUHUIFAZHEIGEYIN,SUOYI,LIANXISHIZHIGUANZHONGYAODE。LIANXIDEGUANJIANBUZHOUSHI :SUISHISUIDISHIZHEFA"dr"DEYIN,LIYONG"d"DEFUZHUGONGNENGSHISHETOUJUANDONGFAYIN,JIUERJIUZHISHEJIANHUIYOUJIANGYINGBIANWEISONGCHI。

                                ZHIHOU,ZAILIANXIZHONGSHITURANGSHEJIANHESHANGCHIYINJIEJIN,RANHOUZAIHENGGEMODEKONGZHIXIAHUQI,SHEJIANTONGGUOQILIUDEZUOYONGKAISHIZHENDONG ;TONGSHIPEIHESHENGDAIFAYIN,YUSHANGESHIHESHILIERFACHUYIZHONGSHENGXIANG。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   3.BUNENGZAICIZHONGFACHUBIAOZHUNDE"l"YIN

                              星云棋牌官网下载   (1)FUYIN"l"ZAICIZHONGSHI,BEICUOWUDIFACHENGYIGEDULIDEYINJIEDEFAYIN。RU :volta(CI),ZHENGQUEDEFAYINYINGDANGSHI"vol-ta";calcio(ZUQIU),ZHENGQUEDEFAYINYINGDANGSHI"cal-cio".ERYOUDEGEZHEQUEJIANGCIZHONGDE"l"FACHENG[l?],BIANCHENG"vo-le-ta""ca-le-cio",SHIYUANBENZHIYOULIANGGEYINJIEDECIBIANCHENGLESANGEYINJIEDECI,POHUAILEZHENGGECIDEFAYIN。

                                (2)FUYIN"l"ZAICIMOSHI , BEICUOWUDIRENWEIKEYIHULVEQIFAYIN。RU :bel(MEILI),"bello"DESHENGYINXINGSHI ;quel(NEIGE),"quello"DESHENGYINXINGSHI。WULUNSHIZHEILEICHUXIANZAISHENGLEZUOPINDANGZHONGDESHENGYINXINGSHIDECI,HAISHIRUautogrill(GAOSULUCANTING)ZHEIYANGYUANBENJIUSHIYI"l"JIEWEIDECI,HENDUOGEZHEDOUHUIZAIFAYINSHIJIANG"l"DIUQI,RENWEICIZIMUKEYIBUYONGFAYIN。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   JIUZHENGSHANGSHULIANGGEFAYINCUOWUDEFANGFASHI :SHOUXIAN,FUYIN"l"DEZHENGQUEFAYINSHIJIANGSHEJIANQINGDIZHUSHANGCHIYINZUODUANZANTINGLIU(SHUANGFUYINZEYAOSHAOZHANG),BUNENGJIYUJIANGSHEJIANLUOXIA,TONGSHIPEIHESHENGDAIFASHENG ;QICI,WULUNFUYIN"l"ZAICIZHONGHAISHIZAICIMO,DOUBIXUFAYIN,BUNENGSHENGLVE。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   4.BUNENGZHENGQUEQINGXIDIQUBIEQING、ZHUOFUYINYUDAN、FUFUYIN(1)QING、ZHUOFUYINFAYINHUNXIAO。XIANGDANGSHULIANGDEGEZHEZAIYANCHANGZHONGJIANGQINGFUYINFACHENGZHUOFUYIN,YEJIANGZHUOFUYINFACHENGQINGFUYIN。

                                RU :barare(QIPIAN)-parare(ZHUANGSHI),BACIZHONGDEQINGFUYIN"p"FACHENGZHUOFUYIN"b",BAZHUOFUYIN"b"YOUFACHENGQINGFUYIN"p".ZHEILEIQINGKUANGLVJIANBUXIAN,ZHIJIEDAOZHICIYIDAXIANGJINGTING。ZENYANGCAINENGZHENGQUEQUBIEQINGFUYINYUZHUOFUYINDEFAYIN?ANFAYINSHISHENGDAIZHENDONGYUFOUHESONGQICHENGDU,YIDALIYUDEFUYINZHONGKEGUINACHUSANZUFAYINJIAONANZHANGWODEQINGFUYINHEZHUOFUYIN"p-b、t-d、c-g",YIHANYUWEIMUYUDEGEZHEYOUQIYAOJIANGTAMENZUOWEIZHONGDIANLAIXUEXI。QINGFUYIN"p、t、c",FAYINSHISHENGDAIBUZHENDONG,KEYIQINGWEIDISONGQI(DANYAOBAWOHAODU,BUNENGFACHENGCHUNCUIDEBAOPOYIN),FAYINZHUANGTAIQINGQIAO、SONGCHI,RUposta(YOUJU)、tanto(FEICHANG)、ciao(NIHAO)。ZHUOFUYIN"b、d、g",FAYINSHISHENGDAIZHENDONG,JUEBUSONGQI,FAYINZHUANGTAIJIAOQINGFUYINGENGJUHOUZHONGGAN,RUbacio(WEN)、dare(JI)、gatto(MAO)。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   (2)DAN、FUFUYINFAYINHUNXIAO。XIANGDANGSHULIANGDEGEZHEZAIYANCHANGZHONGBINGMEIYOUZHONGSHIDAN、FUFUYIN,CHANGCHANGJIANGFUFUYINFACHENGDANFUYIN,RUnote(YINFU)YUnotte(YEWAN),BACIZHONGDEFUFUYIN"tt"FACHENGDANFUYIN"t".ZHEILEIQINGKUANGTONGYANGLVJIANBUXIAN,ZHIJIEDAOZHICIYIDAXIANGJINGTING。ZENYANGCAINENGZHENGQUEQUBIEDANFUYINYUFUFUYINDEFAYINNI?CHUZIMU"q"WAI,YIDALIYUDEQITA15GEFUYINZIMUZAIDANCIDANGZHONGDOUYOUYIFUFUYINXINGSHICHUXIANDEQINGKUANG。FUFUYINFAYINSHIYUDANFUYINXIANGBIYOUZUAIGAN,WEILEGENGMINGXIANDIQUBIEYUDANFUYINDEFAYIN,HAIKEZAIDUYINSHISHAOZUOYANZHANGHEQIANGDIAO,RUcaffe(KAFEI)、mamma(MAMA)。

                                5.BUNENGZHENGQUEZHANGWOFUYINZU"gl"DEFAYIN(1)FAYINWANQUANCUOWU。YOUBUFENGEZHEYOUYUMEIYOUXITONGDIXUEXIYIDALIYUYUYINDEFAYINGUIZE,DANGCIZHONGCHUXIANFUYINZU"gl"SHI,RUvoglia(YUANWANG),RENGRANANZHAOPINDUDEXIGUANJIANGQIFACHENG"vo-ge-lia",ERZHENGQUEDEFAYINZEYINGDANGSHI"vo-glia".

                                (2)HUIFAYIN,DANBUBIAOZHUN。HENDUOGEZHEDUI"gl"DEFAYIN,TINGQILAIFENMINGSHI"i"HUOZHE"li"DEFAYIN,BINGMEIYOUZHENZHENGJIANGQIFAZHUNQUE。

                                ZENYANGCAINENGZHUNQUEZHANGWOFUYINZU"gl"DEFAYIN?EYIN(palatale)"gl",TADEFAYINYOUYIGEQIANTI,JI"gl"ZHIYOUZHIJIEZAIYUANYINZIMU"i"DEQIANMIANCAIFAEYIN。FAYINFANGFASHISHEJIANDIZHUSHANGXIACHI,SHANGXIACHICHENGBIHEZHUANGDANBUWANQUANYAOSI,ZHEIYANGSHEYUJIUCHIJIANYIXINGCHENGJIANXI,SHIQILIUCONGLIANGBIANJIANXIZHONGSONGCHU,BINGBANSUISHENGDAIFAYIN,RUfiglia(NVER)、foglie(SHUYE) ;RUO"gl"WEIYUCISHOUHUOHOUMIANZHIJIEGENYUANYIN"a、e、o、u"SHIZEBUFAEYIN,ERFASHEGENYINJIABIANYIN,RUglicine(ZITENG)、gloria(GUANGRONG)。EYIN"gl"SHIYIDALIYUYUYINZHONGDEYIGENANDIAN,YAOFAHAOCIYIN,BIXUZAIFANFUDELIANXIZHONGZHAODAOYUGAN,YIMIANFACHENGYUTASHIFENJINSIDEFAYIN"i"HE"li",ZAOCHENGCIYIDEWUJIE,RUfili(XIAN)-figli(ZINV)。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   6 .HUSHIGECHANGZHONGYINJIEDEZHENGQUEHUAFEN

                                HENDUOGEZHEDUIYIDALIYUYINJIEDEHUAFENGUIZEYIQINGERCHU、LERUZHIZHANG,QUEWANGWANGZAIGECHANGZHONGDUIQIBUYUYIZHONGSHI,SHENZHISHIERBUJIAN。TAMENRENWEIZHIYAOMEIGECIDEMEIGEYINJIEFAYINZHENGQUEJIUMEIWENTI,ZHIYUCIYUCIDEXIANJIE、YUYANZHONGYINWEIZHIDOUKEYIZAIGECHANGDANGZHONGTONGGUOSHENGYINZIRANJIEJUE,MEIYOUZHENZHENGJIANGYUYINGUIZEYUSHIJIYANCHANGYOUXIAODIJIEHE。

                                ZHENDUISIXIANGSHANGDEBUZHONGSHI,WOMENXUYAOZAIXUEXIFANGFASHANGJIYUZHIDAO。SHOUXIAN,ZHONGSHIDUIGECIJINXINGFANFUSONGDU。RENZHENZIXIDIHUAFENYINJIE,ZHAOCHUJUZHONGYUYINDESHENGYIN、DUANYINHELIANYINDENGTESHUYINJIE,MIBUCIJIANYICHUXIANDEDUYIN"TING、DUAN"WENTI,YONGYIZHONGLANGSONGDEYUDIAO、YUSU、YINLIANG,PEIHEGECHANGSHIDEKOUQIANGDAKAIZHUANGTAIGAOWEIZHIDI、KUAZHANGDISONGDU,JIANGYINJIEYUYINJIE、CIYUCIZHIJIANDEXIANJIEBIANDEZIRANERJINCOU,YUNLVGANSHIZU。TONGGUOJIJIDESONGDULIANXIKEYITIGAOXUESHENGDEYUYANNENGLI,YOULIYULIANGHAOYUGANDEPEIYANG。QICI,DUOTINGYOUXIUGECHANGJIADELUYINZILIAO,JINGGUODUITINGJUEJILEIDETILIANERHUODEGANZHI,YANHUAWEIZIJIDEJINENG,CONGERZHIDAOXUESHENGZISHENDEYUYINLIANXI。ZAICI,YUNYONG"YICIXINGQIANG"DESHOUFA,BAYUYINDAILAIDEYUNLVGANYUCHANGQIANGJIEHE,ZHEISHI,YINYUYINZHIJIANDELIANJIEBUZAISHENGYING,CONGTINGJUESHANGGANJUEPINGHUAJUNYUN、GUODUZIRAN,BANGZHUGEZHEDEGECHANGYINZHIBAOCHIYIZHI,DADAOXINGQIANGDEYUANMANLIANGUAN,SHIGEZHEYANCHANGDEMEIGELEJUDUJUYIZHONGYOUYADEXIANTIAOMEI。

                                YIDALIYUYUYINSHIMEISHENGCHANGFAZHONGDALIANGYIDALIYUZUOPINYANCHANGDEJICHU,YINCI,XUEXIMEISHENGCHANGFASHOUXIANBIXUXITONGDIXUEXIYIDALIYUYUYINDEFAYINFANGFAHEFAYINGUIZE。GEZHEYANJINDIBAWOZHEIXIEFAYINFANGFAHEGUIZEYOULIYUYIDALIYUFAYINDEBIAOZHUNXINGHEGUIFANXING,ZUIZHONGWEIMEISHENGGECHANGFUWU。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   YIDALIYUSHIMEISHENGCHANGFAXINGCHENGDETURANG。ZAIZHEIPIANTURANGSHANG,YIDALIYUYITADUJUYIGEDEYUYINTEDIANZIYANGZHEMEISHENGCHANGFACONGCHANGQIANGDAOBIAOQINGDAYIDEMEIYIGEHUANJIE。YIDALIYUDEYUYINYOUSHISHIMEISHENGCHANGFADEGECHANGJIQIAOGENGYIYUZHANGWO,ZUOPINFENGGEGENGYIYUTIXIAN,ERMEISHENGCHANGFAYOUSHIYIDALIYUDEYUYINYOUSHIDEDAOLECHONGFENDEFAHUI,BINGFANZUOYONGYUGEZHEDEYANCHANG。KEJIAN,ERZHESHIYIGEXIANGHUYINGXIANGBINGXIANGHUZUOYONGDEYOUJIZHENGTI,NENGGOUSHENGQINGBINGMAODIYANCHANGYIDALIYUSHENGLEZUOPINSHIGEZHEDUIQIYUYINYUGECHANGGUANXISHENRULEJIEBINGHELIYUNYONGDETIXIAN。ZUNXUN"YINLEZHIZHONGGECIWEIXIAN,GECIZHIZHONGYUYINWEIXIAN"DESHENMEIYUANZE,ZHONGSHIDUIYIDALIYUYUYINYUMEISHENGGECHANGGUANXIDEZHENGQUERENZHI,SHIYIHANYUWEIMUYUDEGEZHEXUEXIMEISHENGCHANGFADEJIEJING,ZHUAZHUZHEIYIDIANJIUNENGGOUQUDESHIBANGONGBEIDEXIAOGUO。

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