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                    航空发动机控制的现状与未来展望

                    时间:2018-12-30 来源:内燃机与配件 作者:过雨湫 本文字数:2954字

                      摘    要: 星云棋牌官网下载航空发动机控制技术对于航空发动机功能的有效发挥有着十分关键的作用,航空发动机自身性能的高低直接影响着飞机的整体性能,因此,必须要加强对航空发动机控制技术的研究,明确航空发动机控制系统的客观要求以及航空发动机控制发展的相关趋势,从而可以为未来航空发动机的发展提供有效参考。

                      关键词: 航空发动机; 控制; 发展趋势;

                      0 、引言

                    星云棋牌官网下载   SUIZHEKEXUEJISHUDERIYIFAZHANHEKONGZHIJISHUDECHIXUJINBU。DUIHANGKONGFADONGJIDEKONGZHIJISHUDEYAOQIUYUELAIYUEGAO,FEIJIXINGYEYAOXIANGHUODECHIXUWENDINGDEFAZHAN,YAOQIUHANGKONGFADONGJIJUBEIGAOXINGNENGHELIANGHAODEXUHANGNENGLI,YAOQIUXIANJINFEIJIHANGKONGFADONGJINENGGOUBAOCHILIANGHAODELINGHUOXING、JIAOZHANGDESHIYONGSHOUMING、JIAODIDERANYOUXIAOHAOYIJIGAODETUIZHONGBI,ZHEIYEHUIZENGJIAHANGKONGFADONGJIKONGZHIHEDIAOJIEDEYALI。FADONGJIKEDIAOBUJIANDEKONGZHIBIXUYAOANZHAOYIDINGDEYUANZEHEFEIJIHANGKONGFADONGJIDEGONGZUOYAOQIULAIKAIZHAN,CAINENGGOUTIGAOFADONGJIDEXINGNENG,SHIXIANFADONGJIDEYOUXIAOBAOHU,YINCI,XUYAOJIAQIANGDUIHANGKONGFADONGJIKONGZHIXITONGFAZHANQUSHIYIJIFAZHANJISHUDETANJIU。

                      1、 当前航空发动机控制的现状

                      1.1、 自动化程度不足

                      CONGDANGQIANHANGKONGFADONGJIFAZHANDEXIANSHIQINGKUANGLAIKAN,SUIRANYIJINGPUBIANPUJILESHUZIHUAKONGZHISHEBEIYIJISHUZIHUAKONGZHIJISHU,DANSHIZIDONGHUAHEZHINENGHUADECHENGDURENGRANBUZU。SHUKONGJISHUDESHIXIANWANGWANGYUSHUKONGJICHUANGJINMILIANXIDAOYIQI,WOGUODANGQIANFADONGJILINGBUJIANDEQICHENGYISHANGDOUYIJINGSHIXIANLESHUKONGJICHUANGJINXINGJIAGONG,DANSHIHAIYOUXIANGDANGYIBUFENDEPUTONGSHEBEIZHUYAOKAOLVDESHIJIAGONGNENGLI、JIAGONGLEIXINGYIJISHEBEILIYONGLVDENGXIANGGUANWENTI,BINGMEIYOUJIEHESHUKONGJISHUJINXINGJIAGONG。SUIZHEJISHUDEBUDUANFAZHANHEJISUANJIJISHUDECHIXUJINBU,SHUKONGSHEBEIBIRANHUITIDAIYUANYOUDEPUTONGSHEBEI,TIGAOLINGJIANDEJIAGONGNENGLIHEJIAGONGZHILIANG。WOGUODANGQIANSHUKONGSHEBEIZIDONGHUADEKONGZHICHENGDUYUOUMEIXIANJINZHIZAOQIYEXIANGBIRENGRANCUNZAIJIAODADECHAJU,DUIRENLIDEXUQIULIANGJIAOGAO。SHUKONGJIAGONGDEGUOCHENGWANGWANGHAIXUYAOSHEJIRENYUANDECAOZUO,BIRUZAISHUKONGJIAGONGGUOCHENGZHONGLINGJIANZHUANGJIA、HUANDAOYIJILINGJIANJIAGONGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,XUYAODALIANGRENLIDECANYU。YIXIEGUOWAIZHIMINGDEFADONGJIGONGSIYIJINGSHIXIANLELINGBUJIANJIAGONGGUOCHENGGAODUDEZIDONGHUAHEZHINENGHUA,JIBENKEYISHIXIANQUANSHENGCHANXIANWURENGANYU[1]。

                      1.2、 缺乏成熟度较高的关键技术

                      航空发动机数控技术包含各种各样的加工方式,既包括传统的机械加工方式,又包括电化学加工方式、电火花加工方式以及激光加工方式等现代化的加工方式,数控技术的发展使得航空发动机的加工和控制技术获得了持续的提升,发动机零部件的制造到装配的生命全周期都离不开数控技术的应用,但是我国发动机行业在一些高新技术的掌握方面仍然存在一定的问题,关键技术的成熟度不足,难以有效应用于发动机的制作以及控制过程中。还有很多技术在拓展应用的过程中存在很多的故障,例如动态综合补偿技术、高速钢筋运动控制技术、智能化技术等[2]。
                     

                    航空发动机控制的现状与未来展望
                     

                      1.3、 自适应循环发动机控制技术

                      SHEHUIJINGJIDEBUDUANFAZHANHERENMENSHENGHUOSHUIPINGDECHIXUSHANGSHENGSHIDERENMENDUIYUJIAOTONGCHUXINGDEYAOQIUYUELAIYUEGAO,FEIJIDESHEJIGENGJIAQUXIANGYUJUYOUJINGJIKECHENGSHOUXINGDEYUANCHENG、DUOYONGTUYIJIQUANTIANHOUDETEZHENG,ZHEIYEJIFADONGJIDEGONGNENGHESHEJITICHULEGENGGAODEYAOQIU。BUJINXUYAOFADONGJIJUBEIGENGGAODETUIZHONGBI,ERQIEXUYAOFADONGJIBAOCHIYAYINSUXUNHANGSUOXUYAODEXUNHANGXIAOLVYIJIDIDEYOUHAO。WEILEYOUXIAOJIEJUEHANGKONGFEIJISUOXUYAOJUBEIDEDATUILI、DIYOUHAOYIJIYINSHENXINGNENGDENANTI,ZISHIYINGXUNHUANFADONGJIGUANGFANYINGYONGYUHANGKONGFEIJIXITONGDANGZHONG,TONGGUOGAIBIANFADONGJIDEYIXIELINGJIANDEJIHEXINGZHUANGWEIZHIYIJICHICUNGAIBIANZISHENDERELIXUNHUANXITONG,XIANZHEJIANGDIDUOZHONGRENWUMOSHIXIADEZONGHEYOUHAO,TIGAOQILIULIYONGLVBINGJIANXIAOYILIUZULI,CONGERKEYIYOUXIAOGAIBIANFADONGJIFAREZHUANGTAI,TIGAOFADONGJIDEFEIXINGXINGNENG,DAFUZENGJIAFADONGJIDEXUHANGFANWEIHEXUHANGSHIJIAN,TIGAOFADONGJIDELINGHUOXING[3]。

                      2、 航空发动机控制发展趋势

                      2.1 、高速切削技术

                      ZUIJINJINIANLAIHANGKONGFADONGJIXINGHAOYUELAIYUEDUO,SHIDEFADONGJIDEXINGNENGHUODELECHIXUDETISHENG,XIANGYINGDEHANGKONGFADONGJIGEZHONGLINGBUJIANDEJINGMIDUSHEJIYUELAIYUEFUZA。SUIZHEKEXUEJISHUDEBUDUANFAZHANHEXINXISHIDAIDEQUANMIANDAOLAI,GEZHONGGEYANGDEXINJISHU、XINCAILIAOHEXINKEJIZHUJIANYINGYONGYUFADONGJIDESHEJIGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHEIYEDUIFADONGJIDEKONGZHIJISHUTICHULEJIAOGAODEYAOQIU。WEILAISHUKONGJIAGONGJISHUBIXUYAONENGGOUJIEHEHANGKONGFADONGJIZHIZAOJISHUDEKEGUANYAOQIUYOUHUAHESHENGJI,SHIXIANHANGKONGFADONGJIZHIZAOJISHUDEWENDINGJINBU,SHIXIANLIANGHAODEJIAGONGXIAOLVYIJIJIAOGAODEBIAOMIANZHILIANG。YUCHANGGUIQIEXUEJISHUXIANGBI,GAOSUQIEXUEJISHUNENGGOUJIANSHAOJIAGONGSHIJIAN,TIGAOQIEXUESUDUHECAILIAODEQUCHULV,JIANSHAOQIEXUESUOYINGYONGDEJIANQIELI,CONGERNENGGOUYOUXIAOBIMIANLINGJIANYOUYUWENDUSHANGSHENGERZAOCHENGDEREBIANXINGHEREPENGZHANGWENTI。GUANGFANYINGYONGYUFUZABOBILINGJIANHEXIZHANGLINGJIANDEJIAGONGHESHEJIGUOCHENGZHONG。GAOSUQIEXUEJISHUDEYOUXIAOSHIXIANXUYAOYILAIYUGAOSUQIEXUEJICHUANG,YIBANQINGKUANGXIAZHUZHOUZHUANSUCHAOGUOYIWANLIANGQIANZHUANMEIFENDEJICHUANGCHENGZHIWEIGAOSUJICHUANG。MUQIANGAOSUQIEXUEJISHUDEYINGYONGFANWEIRENGRANBIJIAOXIAZHAI,ZHUYAOSHIYOUYUGAOSUQIEXUEJISHUDUISHEBEIYIJILINGJIANDEYAOQIUJIAOGAOZAOCHENGDE,ZAIWEILAIHANGKONGFADONGJIKONGZHIFAZHANDEGUOCHENGZHONG,GAOSUQIEXUEJISHUDEYOUXIAOYINGYONGKEYIJIANGDIJIAGONGCHENGBEN,TIGAOJIAGONGZHILIANGHEJIAGONGXIAOLV。GAOSUQIEXUEGUANGFANYONGYUWEIXIAOLINGJIANHEBOBIJIANDEJIAGONGGUOCHENGZHONG,NENGGOUJINKENENGDEJIANSHAOHOUXUSUOXUYAODEPAOGUANGYIJIDAMODENGXIUZHENGHUANJIE,ZHIJIEHUODEJIAOGAODEBIAOMIANZHILIANG,SUODUANLINGJIANDEJIAGONGSHIJIAN[4]。

                      2.2 、先进的部件技术

                      DANGQIANFADONGJIKONGZHIXITONGDEZHONGLIANGZHANFADONGJIZHENGTIZHONGLIANGDE20%ZUOYOU,YAOXIANGYOUXIAOTIGAOFADONGJIDETUIZHONGBI,JIANSHAOFADONGJIDEZHONGLIANG,BIXUYAOJIAQIANGDUIFADONGJIKONGZHIXITONGZHONGLIANGDEKONGZHI,KONGZHIXITONGZHONGLIANGDEZHUYAOLAIYUANWEIBIANSUXIANGYOUBENG、JILIANGBUJIAN、DIANLIANJIEQI、DIANQIPEIJIANYIJIWAIZHAODENG。GEZHONGGEYANGXINCAILIAODEBUDUANYANFASHIDEKONGZHIXITONGDEJIANZHONGCHENGWEILEKENENG,KEYITONGGUOSHIYONGQIANGDUJIAOGAO、ZHONGLIANGJIAOQINGDEFUHECAILIAOBUJIAN,JIANQINGYUANYOUFADONGJIJINSHUCAILIAODEZHONGLIANG。JINSHUDAOXIANGAIWEISHIYONGGUANGXIANDIANLANLAIDAITI,YINGYONGDIANZIDONGQIHEDIANDONGBENGJIANSHAOCHUANDONGJIANYIJIJINSHUDAOGUANDEZHONGLIANG。YOUBENGZHONGLIANGJIANQINGDEZHUYAOTUJINGSHITONGGUOSHIYONGFUHECAILIAOLAISHIXIAN。KEYISHIYONGDEFUHECAILIAO,BAOKUOQIANGDUJIAOGAO、NAIGAOWENDEHUANYANGSHUZHIYIJIJUYOULIANGHAOKANGLAOHUAXING、NAIHUONAIGAOWENDEJUXIANYAAN,NAIGAOWENDERESUXINGCAILIAO、JUMITONGDENG。

                      2.3、 发动机智能控制系统

                    星云棋牌官网下载   HANGKONGFADONGJIZISHIYINGKONGZHIXITONGYOUZHELIANGHAODEFAZHANQIANJING,NENGGOUYOUXIAOTISHENGHANGKONGFADONGJIDETUILI,JIANSHAOHANGKONGFADONGJIDEHAOYOULV。YOUYUFADONGJIHEFEIJIDOUCAIQULESHUZIDIANZIKONGZHIJISHU,ZHEIYESHIDETUIJINHEFEIXINGKONGZHIYITIHUACHENGWEILEKENENG,KEYITONGGUOYANJIUCHUYIZHONGZONGHEXITONGKONGZHIDEFANGFA,SHIXIANFEIJIZUIJIAXINGNENGDEKONGZHIYUSHEJI。FADONGJIZHINENGKONGZHIXITONGDEYANJIUJIANGYUANYOUDEKONGZHIXITONGDEGONGNENGTUOZHANWEIZHINENGDEXITONG,JIDADITISHENGLEFEIJIHETUIJINXITONGDEXINGNENG,XIANZHETIGAOLEFADONGJIYONGDEKEWEIHUXINGHEKEKAOXING。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   QICI,ZHINENGHUAJISHUYENENGGOUJIAKUAIHANGKONGFADONGJIJISHUDEJINBU,ZISHIYINGXUNHUANFADONGJIJUYOUDUODIAOJIEBIANLIANGYIJIDUOKONGZHIMOSHIDETEZHENG,XUYAOXINDERANYOUBENGXITONG、XINXINGZHIXINGJIGOU、XINXINGCHUANGANQI、XIANJINDIANZIYINGJIANDENGXIANGGUANKONGZHIJISHULAISHIXIAN。RENGONGZHINENGJISHUDEFAZHANHEYINGYONGSHIDEZISHIYINGXUNHUANFADONGJIKONGZHIXITONGDEYANZHIJIANGHUIJINYIBUCHAOXIANGZHINENGHUAHERENGONGXITONGWANGLUOHUADEFANGXIANGFAZHAN,RONGHECHUANTONGDEKONGZHIXITONGSHEJIJISHU,ZHENZHENGZHANXIANZISHIYINGXUNHUANFADONGJIDEYOUYIXINGNENGYIJIZISHIYINGTEZHENG,WEIHANGKONGFADONGJIDECHIXUANQUANYUNXINGTIGONGLIANGHAODETIAOJIAN。

                      3、 结束语

                      ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,HANGKONGFADONGJIKONGZHIJISHUDEFAZHANYIJIYOUHUADUIYUHANGKONGFADONGJIXINGYEDEKECHIXUJINBUJUYOUZHIGUANZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。YINCI,BIXUYAOJIAQIANGDUIHANGKONGFADONGJIKONGZHIJISHUDEZHONGSHI,MINGQUEDANGQIANHEFADONGJIKONGZHIJISHUCUNZAIDEWENTIHEBUZU,BINGCAIQUZHENDUIXINGDECUOSHIJINXINGJIEJUE,LEJIEHANGKONGFADONGJIKONGZHIDEFAZHANQUSHI,CUJINHANGKONGFADONGJIXINGYEDECHIXUWENDINGFAZHAN。

                      参考文献

                      [1]唐树群.数控技术的进展及我国数控技术发展现状[J].科技视界,2018(2):214.
                      [2]李琳,陈宏鑫.数控技术研究现状及发展趋势[J].科技创业月刊,2018(9):85.
                      [3] 李可.我国数控技术的现状及发展趋势[J].中小企业管理与科技,2018(12):251.
                    星云棋牌官网下载   [4] 韩淑敏.特种加工的几种方法介绍[J].煤矿机械,2019(6):116.

                      过雨湫.航空发动机控制发展趋势分析[J].内燃机与配件,2019(23):42-43.
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