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                            民航飞机的维修存在的风险与防控策略

                            时间:2018-12-30 来源:内燃机与配件 作者:江孝杰 本文字数:3054字

                              摘    要: 随着经济水平的提升民航飞机的功能性和平稳性得到了极大的提升。但在科技水平日渐发展的现代民航运输当中飞行事故频发,对人们的生命造成了十分严重的威胁。对此,相关的维修管理部门必须要做到高度的重视,以提高民航飞机稳定性与安全性为第一核心去进行研究和管理。本篇文章首先阐述飞机维修工作的一些特征,结合民航飞机的维修风险影响的主要因素进行分析,并对民航飞机维修风险管理的有效提升提出一些针对性的对策建议。

                              关键词: 民航飞机; 维修风险; 管理对策探讨;

                              0、 引言

                            星云棋牌官网下载   SUIZHESHEHUIDEFAZHANHEKEXUEJISHUDEJINBU,RENMENZAOYISHIXIANDIMIANYUNSHUXIANGKONGZHONGYUNSHUDEMAIJIN,FEIJIDECHANSHENGYIJINGCHENGWEILEWENMINGJINBUDEBIAOZHIXINGTEZHENGZHIYI。RUJINFEIJIYIJINGCHENGWEIRENMENRICHANGSHENGHUODANGZHONGSUOBIBUKESHAODEJIAOTONGGONGJU。CONGZHUANYEJIAODULAIJIANG,FEIJIDEGOUZAOHEJISHUSHIFENDEJINGMIHEFUZA,SUOSHIYONGDESHEBEIYIQIYESHIFENZHONGDUO,YIDANFASHENGSHEBEIGUZHANGHUIYANZHONGYINGXIANGDAOMINHANGFEIJIDEFEIXINGHEYUNXING,DUIRENMENDESHENGMINGYOUZHEJUDADEWEIXIE,YEBULIYUHANGKONGXINGYEDEFAZHAN。CONGMINHANGJIAOTONGYUNSHUFANGMIANLAISHUO,JIANGDIFEIJIDEGUZHANGFASHENGLVYESHILIGUOLIMINDEZHONGYAOGONGZUONEIRONG。XIANGGUANFEIJIWEIXIUFENGXIANGUANLIBUMENYEBIXUYAOZUODAOKEXUEDEGUANLIHEDUIFEIJIWEIJIANXIUDEZHONGSHI,QUEBAOFEIJIYUNXINGDEDAOANQUAN。JINJINIAN,FEIJISHIGUDEFASHENGLVCHUXIANLEZENGZHANGDEQUSHI,SUIRANSHIYOUYUDUOFANGMIANYUANYIN,DANFEIJIDEWEIXIUFENGXIANGUANLIYEBIXUYAOZUODAOZIXIDEJIANCHA、KEXUEDEWEIXIU,HELIDEGAISHANYUTUOSHANDEGUANLI。WEIXIUGUANLIRENYUANYAOZUODAORENZHENFUZE,TIGAOFEIJIWEIXIUFENGXIANGUANLIDEXIAOLVHEZHILIANG。

                              1、 对民航飞机维修管理工作产生影响的重要因素分析

                              1.1、 民航飞机本身所具有的精密性和复杂性

                              FEIJIBENSHENDEJIGOUFEICHANGFUZAHEJINGMI,ERQIESUIZHEHANGKONGJISHUDEYANFAYUCHUANGXINSHIDEFEIJIDEGOUZAOHEJISHUYIJIGONGNENGXINGYUNXINGDENGDOUZHUJIANDEFAZHAN,QISUOJUYOUDEJISHUSHUIPINGJIGAO,ZAISHIJIDEFEIXINGZHONGWEIRENMENDAILAILEJIDADESHUSHIHEBIANLIXIANGSHOU,DANXIANJINDEJISHUYEWEIFEIJIDEWEIXIUGONGZUODAILAILEGENGGAODEYAOQIUHENANDU,YEJIUWEIMINHANGFEIJIDEWEIXIUFENGXIANGUANLIGONGZUODAILAIGENGJIAYANKEDEBIAOZHUNHETIAOZHAN[1]。YIKONGKE320XINGHAOMINHANGFEIJIWEILI,QIXITONGDEJINGMIXINGKEYICONGJIAOWEIZHONGYAODEXITONGBUJIANGOUCHENGKANCHU,RUTU1SUOSHI。

                              其所包含的子系统众多,涉及的维修和维护部分也极多,具有极高的精密性和复杂性。
                             

                            民航飞机的维修存在的风险与防控策略
                             

                              1.2、 民航飞机维修设备以及管理过程中的问题

                            星云棋牌官网下载   MINHANGFEIJIDEWEIXIUFENGXIANGUANLIZHONGSHEJIDAOLEHENDUOWEIXIUDESHEBEIHEYIQI,ERQIEYOUXIEWEIXIUGONGZUOSHIZHENDUIFEIJIDETESHULINGBUJIAN,ZHEIXIELINGBUJIANDEGOUZAOHEZHIZAOCAILIAODOUXUYAOSHIYONGTEDINGDESHEBEI,CHENGBENYESHIFENGAO,ZAIWEIXIUJINGJICHENGBENDESHANGZHANGQINGKUANGXIAHANGKONGQIYEDECHENGBENGUANLIJIUXIANDEJIWEIJINZHANG,ZHEIYEJIUSHIDEMINHANGFEIJIWEIXIUGUANLIGONGZUONANYIZUODAOGAOXIAOLVWANCHENG,HENDUOLINGBUJIANSHENZHIXUYAOJINXINGDINGZHI,ZHEIQIZHONGJIUSHEJIDAOLEDUISHEBEIHELINGBUJIANDEGUANLIGONGZUO,ERSHIJISHANGMINHANGFEIJIDEWEIXIUGONGZUOYIJINGCHENGXIANCHU“QIAOFUNANWEIWUMIZHICHUI”DEQUSHI,MUQIANYOUYULINGJIANDEQUEFAERDAOZHIWEIXIUYANWUDEQINGKUANGSHIYOUFASHENG,YANZHONGYINGXIANGLEFEIJIWEIXIUFENGXIANGUANLIGONGZUODEXIAOLV[2]。

                              图1 民航飞机空客320系统中重要的子系统
                            图1 民航飞机空客320系统中重要的子系统

                              1.3、 民航飞机维修技术无法跟上飞机设备先进水平

                              FEIJIWEIXIUDEFUZACHENGDUJIAOGAO,ZHEIYEJIUYAOQIUFEIJIWEIXIUGONGZUORENYUANXUYAOJUBEIJIGAODEZHUANYEJISHUHEZHUANYESHUIPING,FEIJIDEYUNXINGXITONGMUQIANGENGXINSUDUJIKUAI,ERQIEQIZHENGGEXITONGJUYOUHENQIANGDEGUANLIANXING,YIDANQIZHONGYIBUFENCHUXIANGUZHANGYINHUAN,HUIZHIJIEMANYANDAOZHENGGEXITONGDEYUNXING。ERWEIXIURENYUANDEJISHUSHUIPINGSHIJIEJUEFEIJIDEZHONGYAOYIZHANG,SUOYIMINHANGFEIJIWEIXIURENYUANDEJISHUSHUIPINGSHIFENZHONGYAO,RUGUOJISHUSHUIPINGWUFAGENSHANGFEIJIXITONGDEQIANJINJIAOBU,HUIYANZHONGYINGXIANGMINHANGFEIJIDEWEIXIUZHILIANG。

                              2、 民航飞机的维修风险的主要特征概述

                              2.1、 民航飞机维修过程中的随机性和隐蔽性特征

                              FEIJIDEGOUZAOHEJINGMICHENGDUJIGAO,YAOXIANGBAOCHIFEIJIWEIXIUDEGAOXIAOHEZHILIANGJIUXUYAOZUODAOJINSHENHEJINGXIHUA,ZAIZHENGGEFEIJIWEIXIUGUOCHENGZHONGYOUYUQIFUZAXINGYEBIRANHUIYOUYUYIXIEXIXIAODEYINSUERDAOZHIFEIJIDEGUZHANGFASHENG,JUYOUYIDINGDESUIJIXING,ERQIEHENDUOGUZHANGYINSURUGUOJINJINJIANCESHIWUFAZUODAOQUANMIANDE,ZHEIYEJIUSHIMINHANGFEIJIDEWEIXIUDEYINBIXINGTEZHENG,BIXUYAOZAIQUERENFEIJIYIQIEYUNZHUANZHENGCHANGDEQINGKUANGCAINENGGOUQUEDINGWEIXIURENWUDEWANCHENG。

                              2.2、 民航飞机维修管理中的必然性特征以及弥补性

                            星云棋牌官网下载   MUQIANDEMINHANGFEIJIWEIXIUGUANLIGONGZUOHAIMEIYOUSHIXIANWANQUANDEZIDONGHUAHEZHINENGHUA,RENGYIRENGONGJINXINGWEIXIU,ZAIWEIXIUGUOCHENGDANGZHONGYEJIUBIRANHUICHUXIANYOUYURENWEIDEZHUGUANPANDUANERDAOZHICHUXIANYIXIEWEIXIUWUCHA,ERQIEFEIJIDEJINGMICHENGDUYEJUEDINGLEQIXITONGDEFUZAXING,YEJIUZAOCHENGLEMINHANGFEIJIWEIXIUGUANLIDEBIRANXINGTEZHENG。DANCONGWEIXIUDEJIANCEHEYANJINXINGLAIJIANG,ZHEIXIEWUCHAYOUJUBEIKEMIBUXING,TONGGUOXIUHOUJIANCEHESHEBEIJIANCHASHIKEYISHIXIANWUCHADEXIAOCHUHEGUZHANGBIMIANDE[3]。

                              2.3 、民航飞机维修风险的延续累积性

                              YOUYUSHOUDAOMINHANGFEIJIWEIXIUDEYINBIXINGYINSUYINGXIANG,HENDUOFEIJIZAIWEIXIUSHIWUFAJISHIDEFAXIANHEPANDUANQIGUZHANGDECUNZAIHEGUZHANGWEIZHIDEZHUNQUEDINGWEI,SUOYIYAOGENJUSHIJIDEJIANCHAHEZIXIDEJIANCEHOUCAINENGGOUZUOCHUYISIPANDUAN,ZHENDUITEDINGDEZAIGUZHANGBUWEIYAOJINXINGCHAICHUHECHULI,RUCICAINENGGOUWANCHENGFEIJIDEWEIXIU。ZHEIZHENGGEGUOCHENGZHONGYECHANGHUISHOUDAOYIXIEYINSUDEYINGXIANG,TONGSHIYEHUIZAIYUNXINGGUOCHENGZHONGYINGXIANGDUIFEIJIDEQITABUJIANYIJIHOUXUDEWEIXIUGONGZUO,TIXIANCHULEYIDINGCHENGDUDELIANXUJILEIXINGTEZHENG。

                              3、 有效提高民航飞机维修风险管理效果的对策建议

                              3.1、 逐渐加强民航飞机维修技术和故障排除能力,并形成详细的数据

                              MINHANGFEIJIWEIXIUGUOCHENGYEJIUSHIGUZHANGDEPAICHUGUOCHENG,DUIGUZHANGDEKUAISUPAICHUZHIWAIHAIXUYAOJINXINGGUZHANGDEYUFANG,SUOYIYAOXIANGTIGAOMINHANGFEIJIWEIXIUFENGXIANGUANLIDEXIAOGUOQIZHONGYIGEYOUXIAODEFANGFASHIJIANGMINHANGFEIJIDEGUZHANGYIJICHULIJISHUFANGFAJINXINGXIANGXIDEJILU,SHIQIXINGCHENGWANZHENGDESHUJUKU,ZHEIYANGZAIHOUXUDEGUZHANGWEIXIUFENGXIANGUANLIGONGZUOZHONGYUDAOXIANGSIDEGUZHANGQINGKUANGJIUNENGGOUJINXINGGUZHANGDEKUAISUCHULI,YOUXIAODETIGAOFEIJIWEIXIUFENGXIANGUANLIXIAOGUO[4]。

                              3.2、 制定科学的民航飞机维修管理制度和设备管理机制

                              YOUGUANLIJIUXUYAOYOUZHIDU,RUCICAINENGGOUQUEBAOGUANLIQIDAOYINGYONGDEZUOYONG,SUOYIMINHANGFEIJIFENGXIANWEIXIUGUANLIBIXUYAOJIANLIKEXUEDEWEIXIUGUANLIZHIDUHESHEBEIGUANLIJIZHI,TONGSHIYEYAOJIANLITONGYIDEMINHANGFEIJIWEIXIUBIAOZHUN,ZHIDINGCHUMINHANGFEIJIWEIXIUGUANLISHOUCE,BINGJIANDUWEIXIUGUANLIRENYUANJINXINGYANGEDEZUNSHOUYUZHIXING,SHIMINHANGFEIJIWEIXIUFENGXIANGUANLIYOUXUKEYI,YOUJUKEXUN,TONGSHIHAIYAOBAOZHENGWEIXIUFENGXIANGUANLIZHONGBUTONGZHUANYETUANDUIDEXIEDIAOYUXIANJIE[5]。QUEBAOFEIJIWEIXIUFENGXIANGUANLIGONGZUODEZHUANYEXINGHETONGYIXINGYIJIGAOXIAOXING。

                              3.3、 积极提升民航飞机维修工作人员的专业水平和责任意识

                              MINHANGFEIJIWEIXIUGONGZUORENYUANDEZHUANYESHUIPINGHEZERENYISHIGUANXIDAOZHENGGEMINHANGFEIJIWEIXIUFENGXIANGUANLIDEXIAOLVHEWEIXIUZHILIANG,QIYESHIFEIJIWEIXIUFENGXIANGUANLIGONGZUODEZHONGYAOZAITI,QINENGLIYUSUZHISHIJUEDINGFEIJIWEIXIUXIAOGUODEZHONGYAOYINSU[6]。SUOYIMINHANGQIYEBIXUYAOJIJIDEJIAQIANGDUIFEIJIWEIXIUGONGZUORENYUANDEZHUANYEZHISHIYUZHUANYEJISHUNENGLIDEPEIXUNYUTISHENG,QUEBAOFEIJIWEIXIUGUANLIGONGZUODEYOUXIAOKAIZHANHEXIAOGUODETISHENG。

                              4、 结束语

                            星云棋牌官网下载   MINHANGFEIJISHIDANGQIANJIWEIGAOXIAODEJIAOTONGYUNSHUGONGJU,TONGSHIMINHANGFEIJIDEWEIXIUGUOCHENGYESHEJIDAOLEHENDUOFUZADEJISHUHEZHUANYEDEZHISHI,TONGSHIHAIYAOBIMIANSHOUDAODUOZHONGYINSUDEYINGXIANG,YINCIYAOXIANGYOUXIAODETIGAODUIMINHANGFEIJIWEIXIUFENGXIANDEGUANLIXIAOGUOHEWEIXIUZHILIANGJIUBIXUYAOZHANGWOMINHANGFEIJIWEIXIUFENGXIANDEYINGXIANGYINSU,BINGQIEZIXIDELEJIEZHENGGEWEIXIUGUOCHENGZHONGDEGUZHANGYUANYIN,CAIQUJINGZHUNDEJISHUJINXINGGUZHANGCHULIHEYUFANG。ERQIEMINHANGFEIJIWEIXIUGUANLIGONGZUORENYUANYEYAOJIJIDETIGAOZISHENDEZHUANYESHUIPINGHEZERENYISHI,TONGGUODUIFEIJIWEIXIUBIAOZHUNHEGUANLIZHIDUDEWANSHANYUYOUHUA,ZENGQIANGMINHANGFEIJIGUZHANGFENXIXITONGDEXIANJINXINGHEQUANMIANXING,QUEBAONENGGOUCONGDUOFANGMIANLAICUJINMINHANGFEIJIWEIXIUFENGXIANGUANLIGONGZUODEZHILIANGHEZHUANYESHUIPING,TUIDONGMINYONGHANGKONGSHIYEDEJIANKANGFAZHAN。

                              参考文献

                              [1]陈金.民航飞机维修风险管理探究[J].科技创新导报,2018,15(32):2-3.
                              [2]周毅.我国民航飞机维修故障分析和管理改进措施[J].智库时代,2018(26):216,223.
                              [3]张春鹏.论民航维修管理的几点改进措施[J].科技创新导报,2018,15(02):205-206.
                              [4]李少华.民航飞机维修的风险管理工作研究[J].科技创新与应用,2016(26):266.
                              [5]费瑞燕.民航飞机维修风险管理研究[J].中国高新技术企业,2016(08):164-165.
                            星云棋牌官网下载   [6]杨浩.我国民航飞机维修故障分析和管理改进措施[J].价值工程,2014,33(15):164-165.

                              江孝杰.民航飞机维修风险管理对策浅谈[J].内燃机与配件,2019(23):150-151.
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