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              近20年来我国环境法律主题的变迁

              时间:2018-09-23 来源:现代商贸工业 作者:高凤 本文字数:2055字

                摘    要: [目的/意义]对我国近20年来的环境法律主题变迁情况进行分析, 总结出趋势和发展规律, 为以后的有关立法工作提供借鉴, 发挥参考作用。[方法/过程]通过文献分析法获取所要研究的法律文本, 提取法律文本内容的主题词, 以年度作为分类标准, 结合政策扩散的有关理论, 计算每一年度主题词的权重情况, 并在不同年度之间进行比较。[结果/结论]相关环境法律在遏制环境问题的发生上确实起到了作用, 表现为P0的数值较高, 同时各有关部门在制定法律的过程中也没有机械性的照搬, 而是结合每年所需要解决的问题的实际合理调整法律内容和法律的对象, 具有较强的针对性。

                关键词:星云棋牌官网下载 环境法律; 主题提取; 主题变迁; 政策扩散;

                1、 引言

              星云棋牌官网下载   WOGUOZHENGFULILAIZHONGSHIHUANJINGWENTI, XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZAISHIJIUDABAOGAOZHONGZHICHUYAO“JIAKUAISHENGTAIWENMINGTIZHIGAIGE, JIANSHEMEILIZHONGGUO”, SHIGUANRENMINFUZHIYIJIRENMINDEWEILAI, TONGSHIYU“LIANGGEYIBAINIAN”MUBIAOHE“ZHONGGUOMENG”DESHIXIANXIXIXIANGGUAN。GEJIZHENGFUHEYOUGUANBUMENFENFENXIANGYING, JIEHEBENSHENG、BENDIQUDESHIJIZHIDINGLEQIESHIKEXINGDEGUIZHANGZHIDU。WOGUODEXINGZHENGTIZHIJUEDINGLEZHONGYANGCENGJIDEDANWEIDUIDIFANGCENGJIDEDANWEIJUYOUJUEDUIDELINGDAOLI, DIFANGCENGJIDANWEIZAIZHIDINGYOUGUANZHENGCEDEGUOCHENGZHONGSHIBIJIEHEZHONGYANGDANWEIDEWENJIAN、FALVFAGUIJINGSHENJINXINGLUOSHI。SUOYICONGZHENGCEKUOSANDESHIJIAO, DUIZHONGYANGCENGJILINIANBANBUDEHUANJINGFALVDEZHUTIJINXINGTANTAOSHIYOUBIYAODE, CONGZHONGSHULICHUBIANQIANMAILUO, WEIJINHOUXIANGGUANBUMENJINXINGFALVDEZHIDINGTIGONGJIEJIANHECANKAO。

                2、 研究目的和方法设计

                2.1、 研究目的

                BENWENDEYANJIUMUDEZAIYUTANJIUWOGUOJIN20NIANLAIYOUGUANHUANJINGFALVDEZHUTIBIANQIANQINGKUANG, WEIXIANGGUANBUMENZHIDINGLEISIFALVTIGONGJIEJIAN, FAHUICANKAOZUOYONG。TONGSHIWEIHOUXUJIEXIALAIDEYOUGUANYANJIUTANSUOCHUYITIAOJIAOWEIKEXINGDESILUHEXINDEFANGFA。

                2.2、 方法设计

                WEIWANCHENGBENWENDEYANJIUMUDE, ZAIYANJIUFANGFADESHEJISHANG, BENWENZHUYAOCAIYONGWENXIANYANJIUFA、NEIRONGFENXIFAHETONGJIFENXIFA。LIYONGWENXIANYANJIUFA, HUOQUWOGUOCONG1999NIANDAO2019NIANDEHUANJINGFALVWENBEN, WENXIANYANJIUFADEYOUDIANZHIYIZAIYUKEYIDUIYANJIUYANGBENJINXINGFANFUYANJIUERBUYONGDANXINYANGBENDESUNHUAI, TONGSHICHENGBENJIAODI, XIAOYIJIAOGAO, SHIYIZHONG“DICHENGBENGAOXIAOLV”DEYANJIUFANGSHI;NEIRONGFENXIFAKEYIDUIYANGBENWENBENJINXINGDINGLIANGFENXI, JIANGDINGXINGDEJIELUNTONGGUODINGLIANGSHUJUJIAYIZHANSHI, SHINEIRONGFENXIFADEYIDAYOUDIAN, KEYIRANGRENMENGENGHAO、GENGZHIGUANDEDUISUOYANJIUDEYANGBENJINXINGLIJIE;TONGJIFENXIFAZHIDUISUOYANJIUDEZHIBIAOHESHUJUJINXINGMIAOSHUXINGHUOZHESHIYUCEXINGDETONGJI, CONGZHONGGUINACHUZHENGTIDEFAZHANQUSHI, BINGJIEHESHIJIQINGKUANGZUOCHUYIDINGDEYUCE。

              星云棋牌官网下载   JIEHEBENWENSHEJIDEYANJIUFANGFA, JIANGQIANYINIANDEZHENGCEDINGYIWEI“QIANQUZHENGCE”, HOUYINIANDEDINGYIWEI“HOUJIZHENGCE”, CHULIGONGJUSHANGXUANYONGBEIJINGLIGONGDAXUEZHANGHUAPINGBOSHIKAIFADEZIRANYUYANCHULIPINGTAI (NLPIR) GONGXIANGBAN。KUOSANBIYUEDA, SHUOMINGDANGNIANDEZHENGCEDUIQIANYINIANZHENGCEDEJICHENGLIDUJIAOHAO, SHUNYANBIYUEGAO, SHUOMINGBENNIANDUDEZHENGCEKECHIXUXINGYUEHAO, CHUANGXINBIYUEGAO, SHUOMINGZAIDANGNIANZHENGCEZHONG, XIANGGUANBUMENZAIZHIDINGDEGUOCHENGZHONGGENGHAODEJIEHEBENDIQUDESHIJIQINGKUANGLAIJINXINGTONGPANQUANMIANDEKAOLV, ERFEIJIXIEXINGDEZHAOBAN。

                3、 数据获取与分析

                3.1、 数据获取

                为使得获取的数据更加权威、准确, 在中华人民共和国司法部信息中心负责运维保障的数据库中进行检索。检索条件为:选择“法律”, 在检索框中输入“环境”, 勾选“按标题检索”, 其余条件默认或者不填, 检索时间为2019年7月10日, 共计得到检索结果22条。依次获取这22条法律文本的题名和内容, 因为个别法律发布日期较为久远, 对本文的研究价值不是很大, 所以只保留2000年以后的数据, 并按照年度分别进行存储。
               

              近20年来我国环境法律主题的变迁
               

                3.2、 数据分析

                (1) 法律颁布年度分析。

                DUI2000NIANYIHOUBANBUDEFALVANZHAONIANDUJINXINGTONGJI, DEDAOTONGJIJIEGUO:WOGUOHUANJINGFALVZAI2000NIANYIHOUYOULIANGGELIFAGAOFENGQI, FENBIESHI2002NIAN-2004NIANHE2013NIAN-2016NIAN。2002NIAN, SHIRENGUOWUYUANZONGLIDEZHURONGJICENGJINGZHICHU, JIANGBAOHUHUANJINGZUOWEIWOGUODEYIXIANGJIBENGUOCEZHANGJIUJIANCHIXIAQU, BINGCHANGZHUABUXIE。TONGGUOHUANJINGBAOHU, DUIJINGJIJIEGOUJINXINGHELIDIAOZHENGBINGBAOZHENGNEIXUWENDINGZENGZHANG, CONGERDADAO“DIAOJIEGOUKUONEIXU”DEMUDE, BINGJIANGQILIEWEI“SHIWU”QIJIANDEGONGZUOZHONGDIAN。TONGSHIZHONGGUODEHUANBAOMOSHIFASHENGLEGENBENXINGDEBIANGE, CONG“LIFAGUOCHENGQUANMIANFUGAI”DAO“ZHONGDIANGONGCHENGQUANCHENGJIANDU”, DUOJIAODUQUEBAOHUANJINGDEYIKECHIXUFAZHAN。

                (2) 法律主题分析。

              星云棋牌官网下载   JIANGGEGENIANDUDEFALVWENBENDAORUNLPIRPINGTAIZHONG, JINXINGGUANJIANCITIQU, ANZHAOQUANZHONGJINXINGJIANGXUPAILIE。FALVWENBENZHUTICONGKAISHIDEYI“GUOJIA”、“BUMEN”、“DANWEI”、“JIGUAN”YIJI“BIANZHI”DENGZHENGFUCENGMIANZHUYAOYINDAOXIANGGUANHUANJINGZHUTIBIANQIANKAISHI, DAOYI“SHEHUI”、“ZUZHI”DENGSHEHUICENGMIANYECANYUJINLAIFAHUIZUOYONGDEJUMIAN, TONGSHIGENGJIAGUANZHUYI“BIAOZHUN”、“FALV”YIJI“WURANWU”HE“HAIYANG”DENGYENARUHUANJINGFAXUYAOKAOLVDEFANCHOUZHIZHONG。SHUOMINGXIANGGUANBUMENZAIZHIDINGYOUGUANFALVFAGUIZHENGCEDEGUOCHENGZHONGYEYUSHIJUJIN, JIEHEMEINIANBUTONGDEGONGZUODUIXIANGHESUOXUYAOJIEJUEDEWENTILAILINGHUODEZHIDINGXIANGGUANDEFALVFAGUI。

                4、 结论

                GENJUDUISHANGSHUFUHEYAOQIUDEWENBENNEIRONGJINXINGFENXI, KEYIFAXIANXIANGGUANFALVQUESHIQIDAOLEEZHIHUANJINGWENTIFASHENGDEZUOYONG, BIAOXIANZAIP0ZHISHUJIAOGAO, TONGSHIGEYOUGUANBUMENZHENDUIMEINIANSUOMIANLINDEHUANJINGWENTIYEMEIYOUJIXIEZHAOBANZHIQIANDEZHENGCE, ERSHIJINXINGLEHELIDEDIAOZHENG, HUANJINGFASUOXUYAOJIEJUEDEWENTIDUIXIANGYESUIZHESHEHUIFAZHANDEKEGUANYAOQIUZAISUISHIDIAOZHENG。

                参考文献

                [1] 郭磊.论国际环境法的原则体系[J].广西社会科学, 2018, (11) :96-101.
                [2] 刘慧明, 王珠翠.日本环境法中非规制调整方法及对我国的启示[J].河海大学学报 (哲学社会科学版) , 2017, 19 (6) :55-59.
              星云棋牌官网下载   [3] 梁忠.界权论:关于环境法的另一种解释[J].中国地质大学学报 (社会科学版) , 2019, 19 (2) :23-34.

                高凤.我国环境法律主题变迁探讨——基于政策扩散视角[J].现代商贸工业,2019,40(29):144.
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