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                《井冈山土地法》和《兴国土地法》的比较探讨

                时间:2018-11-28 来源:未知 作者:乐枫 本文字数:3348字

                土地法论文精心编辑范文8篇之第三篇:《井冈山土地法》和《兴国土地法》的比较探讨

                  摘要:《井冈山土地法》和《兴国土地法》,是我党土地革命初期解决土地问题的两部重要法律,对中国革命产生了深远的影响,两部法律制定的时间相隔不远,从两部法律的比较中可以看出当时根据地土地政策的一些变化。

                  关键词星云棋牌官网下载:法律; 土地革命初期; 土地法;

                星云棋牌官网下载   MAOZEDONGTONGZHIZAITUDIGEMINGCHUQILINGDAOZHIDINGDE《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》HE《XINGGUOTUDIFA》,SHIWODANGZAITUDIGEMINGCHUQIJIEJUETUDIWENTIDELIANGBUZHONGYAOFALV。《XINGGUOTUDIFA》DUI《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》JIYOUJICHENG,YOUGENJUDANGSHIJUTIHUANJINGDEBIANHUAJINXINGLEYIXIEGAIJIN。BIJIAOZHEILIANGBUFALVDEYITONG,KEYICONGZHONGWODANGDETUDIGEMINGCHUQIDUITUDIZHENGCEDEFAZHANYANBIAN,YIJITAMENDUIZHONGGUOGEMINGCHANSHENGDESHENYUANYINGXIANG。

                土地法

                  一、《井冈山土地法》的内容

                  1927NIAN10YUE,MAOZEDONGLVLINGQIUSHOUQIYIBUDUIJINZHUMAOPING,JIEKAILEJINGGANGSHANGEMINGGENJUDITUDIGEMINGDEXUMU。1928NIAN3YUE,MAOZEDONGZAIJINGGANGSHANXIADELINGXIANZHONGCUN,KAISHILE"DATUHAO,FENTIANDI"DEGEMINGSHIJIAN,MOSUOJIGENJUDINONGMINFENPEITUDIDEFANGFA。1928NIANXIANGGANBIANJIEDANGDEYIDASHENRUTAOLUNLETUDIGEMINGDEWENTI。BIANJIE"YIDA"HOU,MAOZEDONGSANCIDAOYONGXINTANGBIANCUN,YIBIANZHIDAODANGDIDEFENTIANYUNDONG,YIBIANZUOYONGXINDIAOCHA。MAOZEDONGTONGGUOZHONGCUN、TANGBIAN、DALONGDENGDIDETUDIFENPEISHIJIAN,CAONICHULE"FENTIANLINSHIGANGLING17TIAO",WEIZHIDING《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》DAXIALEJICHU。1928NIAN10YUE,XIANGGANBIANJIEDANGDEDIERDAZONGJIELEJINGGANGSHANGEMINGGENJUDIDOUZHENGJINGYAN,ZAICISHENRUYANJIULETUDIGEMINGWENTI,TAOLUNLEMAOZEDONGQICAODE《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》。JINGGUOLIANGGEYUEDEYUNNIANG、TAOLUNHEXIUGAI,12YUE《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》YIBIANJIEZHENGFUMINGYIZHENGSHIBANBU。

                  《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》GONG9TIAO14KUAN,YONGJIANMINGEYAODEWENZIMINGQUEGUIDINGLEMEISHOUTUDIDEFANWEIHEGUISHU、FENPEITUDIDESHULIANGBIAOZHUNHEQUYUBIAOZHUN、TUDISHUIDEZHENGSHOUHEZHIPEIDENGYIXILIEJUTIZHENGCE。ZHUYAONEIRONGTIXIANZAIYIXIASANFANGMIAN:

                  1. GUIDINGLETUDIMEISHOUJIFENPEIDUIXIANG。

                星云棋牌官网下载   《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》DI1、DI2TIAOGUIDING:"MEISHOUYIQIETUDIGUISUWEIAIZHENGFUSUOYOU",YIFENPEIJINONGMINGEBIEGENGZHONGWEIZHU,YUDAOTESHUQINGKUANGHUOZHENGFUYOULISHIJIANYONG"FENPEINONGMINGONGTONGGENGZHONG"HE"YOUSUWEIAIZHENGFUZUZHIMOFANNONGCHANGGENGZHONG"LIANGZHONGFANGFA;"YIQIETUDI,JINGSUWEIAIZHENGFUMEISHOUBINGFENPEIHOU,JINZHIMAIMAI".DI8、DI9TIAOGUIDING:"XIANGCUNSHOUGONGYEGONGREN,RUZIJIYUANYIFENTIANZHE,DEFENMEIGENONGMINSUODETIANDESHULIANGZHIYIBAN";"HONGJUNJICHIWEIDUIDEGUANBING,ZAIZHENGFUJIQITAYIQIEGONGGONGJIGUANFUWUDEREN,JUNDEFENPEITUDI,RUNONGMINSUODEZHISHU,YOUSUWEIAIZHENGFUGURENDAITIGENGZHONG。"[1]

                  2. GUIDINGLETUDIFENPEIDEBIAOZHUNHEFANGFA。

                  《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》DISITIAOGUIDING:"YIRENKOUWEIBIAOZHUN,NANNVLAOYOUPINGJUNFENPEI";ZAIYOUTESHUQINGXINGDEDIFANG,KEYILAODONGLIWEIBIAOZHUN。GUANYUFENPEITUDIDEQUYUBIAOZHUN,DIWUTIAOGUIDING:"YIXIANGWEIDANWEIFENPEI",YUYOUTESHUQINGXINGSHI,KEYIYIXIANGHUOQUWEIDANWEI。YIXIANGWEIDANWEI,ANRENKOUBIAOZHUNFENPEITUDI,SHI《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》DESHOUCHUANG,SHIZAIMINZHUGEMINGJIEDUANHEXIAONONGJINGJITIAOJIANXIAZUIKEXINGDEXIAOMIEFENGJIANTUDISUOYOUZHIDEBANFA,SHIZHENGQUGUANGDAPINKUNONGMIN、ZHUANGDAHONGJUN、ZHENGQUGEMINGSHENGLI[2]DEBIYOUZHILU。ZHEIYIFENPEITUDIDEBANFA,YIZHIWEIQIHOUYIXILIEDETUDIGAIGEFAGUISUOCHENGXI。

                星云棋牌官网下载   3. GUIDINGLETUDISHUIDEZHENGSHOUBANFA。

                  DI7TIAOGUIDING:"TUDISHUIWEI15%,YUTEBIEQINGXING,JINGSUWEIAIZHENGFUPIZHUN,YEKESHIYONG10%HUO5%;RUYUTIANZAIDENGTESHUQINGXINGSHI,JINGGAOJISUWEIAIHEZHUN,MIANNATUDISHUI。""TUDISHUIYOUXIANSUWEIAIZHENGFUZHENGSHOU,JIAOGAOJISUWEIAIZHENGFUZHIPEI。"ZHEIXIETIAOWENSHIWODANGYIFAZHISHUIDEZUIZAOTIXIAN,ERQIEYOUMIANSHUIHEBUTONGZHENGSHOUBILIDEGUIDING,TIXIANLEQUBIEDUIDAIDESHUISHOUGONGPINGYUANZE。

                  二、《兴国县土地法》对《井冈山土地法》的主要修正

                  1929NIAN4YUEHONGSIJUNZAIYUDOUZHAOKAILEQIANWEIKUODAHUIYI,QUEDINGZAIGANNANGANXIAN、YUDOU、XINGGUODENGDIGAIDONGQUNZHONGDATUHAO、FENTIANDI,JIANLIGEMINGZHENGQUAN。ZHIHOUMAOZEDONGLVHONGSIJUNDISANZONGDUIHEYIGEJINGWEIDUILAIDAOXINGGUO,ZHIDAOXINGGUOTUDIGEMINGDOUZHENG。WEILEZHIDAOGANNANMINXIDETUDIGEMING,MAOZEDONGQINZIQICAOZHIDINGLE《XINGGUOXIANTUDIFA》。1928NIAN6YUEZHAOKAIDEDANGDE"LIUDA",ZAI《NONGMINWENTIJUEYIAN》ZHONGTICHU"MEISHOUYIQIETUDIFENPEIJIWUDIHUOSHAODIDENONGMIN",JIUZHENGLE1927NIAN11YUEZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUKUODAHUIYIJUEDINGMEISHOUYIQIETUDIDECUOWUJUEDING。YOUYUJIAOTONGKUNNAN,ZHONGGONG"LIUDA"DEJINGSHENZHIDAO1929NIAN1YUECAICHUANDADAOJINGGANGSHAN,YINERZAI《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》MEINENGDEDAOTIXIAN。《XINGGUOXIANTUDIFA》GENJUZHONGGONG"LIUDA"JINGSHENDUI《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》ZUOLEYIXIEXIANGYINGDEXIUZHENG。

                  1. DIAOZHENGLEMEISHOUTUDIDEDUIXIANG。

                  BA"MEISHOUYIQIETUDIGUISUWEIAIZHENGFU"GAIWEI"MEISHOUYIQIEGONGGONGTUDIJIDIZHUJIEJIDETUDIGUIXINGGUOGONGNONGBINGDAIBIAOHUIYIXIAZHENGFUSUOYOU,FENJIWUTIANDIJISHAOTIANDIDENONGMINGENGZHONGSHIYONG。"JIBUDONGNONGMINDEYUANYOUTUDI,CHENGRENLENONGMINYUANYOUTUDIDESUOYOUQUAN,DANDUIYUXINFENDEDETUDI,RENGGUIDINGGUIZHENGFUSUOYOU。ZHEISHITUDIMEISHOUDUIXIANGSHANGDEYIGEZHONGYAOBIANGE,MAOZEDONGZAI1941NIANJI《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》JIADEANYUCHENG"ZHEISHIYIGEYUANZEGAIZHENG".

                  2. DIAOZHENGLETUDIFENPEIDEFANGFA。

                  QUXIAOLE《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》ZHONG"FENPEINONGMINGONGTONGGENGZHONG"、"YOUSUWEIAIZHENGFUZUZHIMOFANNONGCHANGGENGZHONG"DEGUIDING,GAIWEI"FENJIWUTIANDIDENONGMINGENGZHONGSHIYONG"[2].

                星云棋牌官网下载   3. FEICHULE"QIANGZHILAODONG"DEGUIDING。

                  《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》DEDI3SANTIAOGUIDING:"FENPEITUDIZHIHOU,CHULAOYOUJIBINGMEIYOUGENGZHONGNENGLIJIFUWUGONGZHONGQINWUZHEYIWAI,QIYUDERENJUNXUQIANGZHILAODONG。"DUIYIBANNONGMINSHIXINGSUOWEI"QIANGZHILAODONG",BODUOLELAODONGZHEDELAODONGZIYOUQUAN,XIANZHILENONGMINDUITUDISHIYONGDEZIZHUQUAN,BIDINGSHANGHAIBAOKUOPINNONG、ZHONGNONGZAINEIDEGUANGDANONGMINDESHENGCHANHEGEMINGDEJIJIXING,YINERZAI《XINGGUOXIANTUDIFA》ZHONGJIANGCITIAOSHANCHU。

                  MAOZEDONG1941NIANJI《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》JIADEANYUZHONGZHICHU:"ZHEIGETUDIFAYOUJIGECUOWU:(1)MEISHOUYIQIETUDIERBUSHIZHIMEISHOUDIZHUDETUDI:(2)TUDISUOYOUQUANSHUZHENGFUERBUSHINONGMIN,NONGMINZHIYOUSHIYONGQUAN;(3)JINZHITUDIMAIMAI。ZHEIXIEDOUSHIYUANZECUOWU,HOULAIDOUGAIZHENGLE。"[2]DIYIGECUOWUZAI《XINGGUOXIANTUDIFA》JIYIGAIZHENG,DANDIER、SANGECUOWUZAI《XINGGUOXIANTUDIFA》CHENGXIXIALAI。MAOZEDONGZAI《XINGGUOXIANTUDIFA》ANYUZHONGSHUOMING:"DANQIYUGEDIANJUNWEIGAIBIAN,ZHEIXIESHIDAOLE1930NIANCAIGAIZHENGDE。ZHEIERGETUDIFA,CUNZHIYIJIANWOMENDUIYUTUDIDOUZHENGRENSHIZHIFAZHAN。"[2]

                  三、颁布两部土地法的重要意义

                星云棋牌官网下载   《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》HE《XINGGUOTUDIFA》ZUOWEIDANGZAITUDIGEMINGCHUQIJIEJUETUDIWENTIDEZHONGYAOCHENGGUO,TAMENDEZHIDINGHESHISHIDUIGENJUDIJIANSHE、HONGJUNFAZHANYIJIDANGYIHOUDETUDIGONGZUODENGDOUCHANSHENGLESHENKEYINGXIANG。

                  SHOUXIAN,GONGGUHEFAZHANLEGEMINGGENJUDI。LIANGBUTUDIFADELUOSHI,CONGFALVSHANGBAOZHANGLENONGMINZAITUDIFANGMIANHUODEDELIYI,QISHENGCHANREQINGKONGQIANGAOZHANG,YOULIDITUIDONGLEGEMINGGENJUDIDEJINGJIJIANSHE、ZHENGQUANJIANSHE、WENHUAJIANSHE,CUJINLEGENJUDIDEGONGGUHEFAZHAN。YIGANNAN、MINXILIANGKUAIGENJUDIWEIJICHUDEZHONGYANGGEMINGGENJUDIZAI1933NIANFAZHANDAOLETADEDINGSHENGSHIQI,CHENGWEIXIAYOUJIANGXI、FUJIAN、MINGAN、YUEGAN4GESHENGJISUWEIAIZHENGQUAN,YONGYOU60GEXINGZHENGXIAN、RENKOU450YUWAN、HONGJUN10YUWANREN、DANGYUANYUE13WANREN、MIANJI8WANYUPINGFANGGONGLIDEQUANGUOZUIDADEGEMINGGENJUDI。

                  QICI,SHIHONGJUNDUIWUZAIDUANSHIJIANNEIDEDAOXUNSUFAZHAN。GUANGDANONGMINQUNZHONGFENQINGLEGUOGONGLIANGDANGHELIANGGEZHENGQUANDEYOULIE,QINSHENGANSHOUDAOGONGCHANDANGHEHONGJUNSHIWEIGUANGDARENMINQUNZHONGMOULIYIDE。TAMENQINGCHUDIZHIDAO,ZHIYOUGEMINGZHANZHENGQUDESHENGLI,BAOZHENGSUWEIAIZHENGQUANZHANGCUN,CAINENGWEIHUTUDIGEMINGDESHENGLIGUOSHI,WEIHUNONGMINDEFANSHENJIEFANGYUZIYOUXINGFU。GENJUDIDEGUANGDANONGMINYONGYUECANJUNCANZHAN,QUANLIZHICHIGEMINGHESUWEIAIZHENGQUAN。ZAIXINGGUOXIAN,23~50SUIDEFANSHENNONGMINJIBENSHANGDOUCANJIALECHIWEIDUI;16~22SUIDERENZECANJIASHAONIANXIANFENGDUI;8~15SUIDESHAONIANERTONGCANJIALAODONGTONGZITUAN。DAO1930NIANXIA,QUANGUOYIYOUSHIJIKUAINONGCUNGEMINGGENJUDI,HONGJUNYIFAZHANDAO7WANDUOREN,LIANTONGDIFANGWUZHUANG10WANYUREN。1931NIANDIHONGJUNZONGBINGLIYIDADAO13WANYISHANG,HONGYIFANGMIANJUNZONGBINGLIYIDA5WANREN。

                星云棋牌官网下载   ZAICI,WEIWODANGTUDIGEMINGLUXIAN、ZHENGCEDEXINGCHENGHEFAZHANDAXIALELIANGHAODEJICHU。ZAITUDIFENPEIDEBIAOZHUNSHANG,CAIYONGRENKOUYULAODONGLILIANGGEBIAOZHUN,BINGGUIDINGYIRENKOUBIAOZHUNWEIZHUTI,YOUTESHUQINGXINGDEDIFANGZESHIYONGLAODONGLIBIAOZHUN,ZHEIJIQIEHELEBIANJIEDESHIJI,YOUYUZHONGYANGDEZHENGCEXIANGWENHE,ZUODAOLELIANGZHEDEYOUJITONGYI,YESHOUDAOLEGENJUDIGUANGDANONGMINDEJIJIYONGHU。TIXIANLEZHONGGUODETUDIGEMING,BIXUCONGNONGCUNDESHIJICHUFA,SHENRUDIAOCHAYANJIU,ZHIDINGQIESHIKEXINGDETUDIZHENGCE。ZAIFENPEITUDISHIBUJINYAOZHUYIDAOTUDIDESHULIANG,HAIYAOZHUYIDAOTUDIDEZHILIANG。ZAIFENPEIFANGSHIHEBIAOZHUNSHANG,YIXIANGWEIDANWEI,YIRENKOUWEIBIAOZHUN,CHOUDUOBUSHAO,CHOUFEIBUSHOU,CHEDIPINGFENTUDIDENGDENG。ZHEIXIEJINGYANJIAOXUN,WEIKANGRIZHANZHENGYOUQISHIJIEFANGZHANZHENGSHIQIDETUDIGAIGESUOXISHOUBINGJIAYIFAZHAN。

                  DANGRANYEBUKEFOUREN,YOUYUGONGCHANGUOJIHEZHONGGONGZHONGYANGZI"BAQIHUIYI"YILAI"TUDIGUOYOU"FANGZHENDEYINGXIANG,WULUNSHI《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》HAISHI《XINGGUOTUDIFA》,DOUCUNZAIMINGXIANDEBUZU,TAMENDOUGUIDINGLEBEIMEISHOUDETUDIGUISUWEIAIZHENGFUGONGYOU,NONGMINZHIYOUSHIYONGQUAN,BINGQIEJINZHIMAIMAI。"TUDIGUOYOU"DENGBUSHIHEZHONGGUODANGSHIDEGUOQINGHESHEHUISHENGCHANLIDEFAZHANSHUIPING,RANERZUOWEIZHONGGUOWEIDATUDIGEMINGZHANZHENGKAITUOSHIQIZAISHIJIANZHONGCHANSHENGDETUDIGANGLINGBUHUIYINCIERSHIQUQIGUANGCAI。

                  参考文献
                  [1] 中共中央党校党史教研室。中共党史参考资料(三)[M].北京:人民出版社,1979.
                  [2] 中央文献研究室。毛泽东对农村调查文集[M].北京:人民出版社,1982:37-40.

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