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                            《兴国土地法》对土地政策改革中的意义及价值

                            时间:2018-11-28 来源:未知 作者:乐枫 本文字数:3984字

                            土地法论文精心编辑范文8篇之第四篇:《兴国土地法》对土地政策改革中的意义及价值

                              摘要星云棋牌官网下载:《兴国土地法》作为土地革命时期的一部重要法律, 具有承前启后的重要作用和意义, 它既是对《井冈山土地法》的原则修正, 又影响着后续的几部法律, 是土地革命能够成功的法律依据和理论基础。这种"充分尊重群众和规律"的立法理念, 在现如今的土地政策改革中仍然具有重要的借鉴意义和参考价值。

                              关键词:《兴国土地法》; 作用及意义; 土地革命;

                            星云棋牌官网下载   "YINGGUO、MEIGUOBURUXINGGUO"、"MOFANXINGGUO", TUDIGEMINGSHIQI, MAOZEDONGKEWEISHIDUIXINGGUOQINGYOUDUZHONG, BINGDUOCICHENGZAN"XINGGUODETONGZHICHUANGZAOLEDIYIDENGDEGONGZUO, ZHIDEWOMENCHENGZANTAMENWEIMOFANGONGZUOZHE".JIUJINGSHISHENMEYUANYINSHIMAOZEDONGGAODUPINGJIAXINGGUO?TONGSHIXINGGUOXIANYESHIDINGDINGYOUMINGDEJIANGJUNXIAN, CHULE54MINGJIANGJUN, JINCIYUHUBEIDEHONGANXIAN。BIJIAOERYAN, 1955NIANSHOUJUNXIANSHIJINGGANGSHANJIDEJIANGJUNZHIYOU1WEI, ERJINGGANGSHANSHIYIMAOZEDONGWEIDAIBIAODEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENCHUANGJIANDEDIYIKUAINONGCUNGEMINGGENJUDI, ANZHAODAOLI, YINGGAIHUICHUGENGDUODEJIANGJUN, JIUJINGSHISHENMEYANGDEYUANYINZAOCHENGLERUCIJUDADECHAJU?XIANGXINZHEIHELIANGBUTUDIFAYOUZHEMIQIEDELIANXI。

                            土地法

                              一、《兴国土地法》产生的历史背景

                              《XINGGUOTUDIFA》DECHANSHENGBEIJINGYU《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》DEZHIDINGHESHISHIYOUZHEMIBUKEFENDEGUANXI。ZHONGGUOSHIYIGECHUANTONGDENONGYEDAGUO, MAOZEDONGZAI《XINMINZHUZHUYI》ZHONGXIEDAO:"ZHONGGUOYOUBAIFENZHIBASHIDERENKOUSHINONGMIN, ZHEISHIXIAOXUESHENGDECHANGSHI, YINCINONGMINWENTIJIUCHENGLEZHONGGUOGEMINGDEJIBENWENTI, NONGMINLILIANG, SHIZHONGGUOGEMINGDEZHUYAOLILIANG。"YINCIYAOZOUNONGCUNBAOWEICHENGSHI、WUZHUANGDUOQUZHENGQUANDEDAOLU, BIXUYAOFADONGNONGMINQUNZHONG, BIXUYAOJIEJUENONGCUNDEWENTI, ERNONGCUNDEWENTIZAIYUNONGMIN, NONGMINDEWENTIZAIYUTUDI。YAOXIANGFADONGGUANGDAQUNZHONGCANYUGEMING, BIXUYAOJINXINGTUDIGEMING, JIJIDAPOBUHELIDEFENGJIANTUDIZHIDU。ERYAOBAOZHENGTUDIGEMINGDESHUNLIJINXING, YIBUHEHUXIANSHIQINGKUANGDE、CHONGFENLEJIENONGMINJIKUDE、CHONGFENDIAODONGNONGMINCANYUGEMINGDEGUANYUTUDIDEZHUANMENFALVSHIBIBUKESHAODE。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   MEIBUFALVCONGYUNNIANGDAOSHISHI, DOUYOUQITEDINGDEYUANYINHUOBEIJING。MAOZEDONGZAI《JINGGANGSHANDEDOUZHENG》ZHONGXIEDAO:"BIANJIETUDIZHUANGKUANG:DATISHUOLAI, TUDIDEBAIFENZHILIUSHIYISHANGZAIDIZHUSHOULI, BAIFENZHISISHIYIXIAZAINONGMINSHOULI。JIANGXIFANGMIAN, SUICHUANDETUDIZUIJIZHONG, YUEBAIFENZHIBASHISHIDIZHUDE。YONGXINCIZHI, YUEBAIFENZHIQISHISHIDIZHUDE。"ERJUMAOZEDONGDUIZHANGSHADEDIAOCHAKAN, XIANGCUNRENKOUZHONG, PINNONGZHANBAIFENZHIQISHI, ZHONGNONGZHANBAIFENZHIERSHI, DIZHUHEFUNONGZHANBAIFENZHISHI。BAIFENZHISHIDEDIZHUJIEJIZHANYOUBAIFENZHILIUSHISHENZHIGENGDUODETUDI, DIZHUPINGJIETUDIZHANYOUQUANTONGGUODIZUDEXINGSHIDUIGUANGDANONGMINJINXINGYAPOHEBOXUE。DANGDILIUCHUANZHEZHEIYANGDEMINYAO:"ZHONGLEWANDANLIANG, NONGMINEDUANCHANG;ZHILEWANPIBU, NONGMINWUYISHANG;GAILEWANJIANFANG, NONGMINZHUCAOFANG。"YOUCIKEJIANFENGJIANTUDIZHIDUJIQIBUHELI, 《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》JIUSHIJIYUGAIBIANZHEIZHONGBUHELIDEZHIDUSUOZHIDINGDE。

                              1928NIAN12YUE, MAOZEDONGZHUCHIZHIDINGDE《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》ZHONGZHENGSHIGUIDING:"MEISHOUYIQIETUDIGUISUWEIAIZHENGFUSUOYOU";"YIQIETUDI, JINGSUWEIAIZHENGFUMEISHOUBINGFENPEIHOU, JINZHIMAIMAI".ZHEICHENGWEITUDIFADELIFAZHIXIANHE, JUYOUJIQIZHONGYAODEZUOYONG, YIFANGMIANKENDINGLENONGMINYONGYOUFENPEITUDIDEQUANLI, YIDINGCHENGDUSHANGDIAODONGNONGMINDEJIJIXING, TUIDONGLETUDIGEMINGDESHENRUKAIZHAN;DANSHILINGYIFANGMIAN, YOUYU"MEISHOUYIQIETUDI", JIYAOMEISHOUDIZHUDETUDIYOUYAOMEISHOUNONGMINDETUDI, SHIXINGTUDIGUOYOUZHENGCE, ZHEIYUNONGMINDEXIANSHIXUQIUBUFU, YOUYUZHONGGUOZHANGQICUNZAITUDISIYOU、TUDIKEYIZIYOUMAIMAI, NONGMINDETUDISIYOUGUANNIANFEICHANGNONGHOU, NONGMINCANJIATUDIGEMINGDEMUDEBUJINZAIYUHUODETUDIDESHIYONGQUAN, GENGZHONGYAODESHIWEILEQUDETUDIDESUOYOUQUAN, YINCITUDIGUOYOUZHENGCEYUNONGMINQIANGLIEDESIYOUYUANWANGXIANGDICHU, BULIYUGEMINGSHIJIANDOUZHENGHEDIAODONGNONGMINDEJIJIXING。YINCI, BIXUYAODUI《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》JINXINGXIUDING。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   1929NIAN4YUE, HONGSIJUNDAODAXINGGUOXIAN, GENJUDANGDE"LIUDAJINGSHEN"ZAI《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》DEJICHUSHANGZHIDINGHEBANFALE《XINGGUOTUDIFA》, GAIFADEBANBUBIAOZHIZHETUDIGEMINGJINRULEXINDEJIEDUAN。

                              二、《兴国土地法》针对《井冈山土地法》进行了原则性的修正

                            星云棋牌官网下载   GUANYUDUI《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》DEPINGJIA, MAOZEDONGZAI《NONGCUNDIAOCHA》YISHUDEANYUZHONGTIDAO:"CITUDIFASHIYIJIUERBANIANDONGTIANZAIJINGGANGSHAN (XIANGGANBIANJIE) ZHIDINGDE。ZHEISHIYIJIUERQINIANDONGTIANZHIYIJIUERBANIANDONGTIANYIZHENGNIANNEITUDIDOUZHENGJINGYANDEZONGJIE, ZAIZHEIYIQIAN, SHIMEIYOURENHEJINGYANDE。ZHEIGETUDIFAYOUJIGECUOWU: (1) MEISHOUYIQIETUDIERBUSHIZHIMEISHOUDIZHUTUDI; (2) TUDISUOYOUQUANSHUZHENGFUERBUSHISHUNONGMIN, NONGMINZHIYOUSHIYONGQUAN; (3) JINZHITUDIMAIMAI。ZHEIXIEDOUSHIYUANZECUOWU。"DANGDELIUDAZAIZONGJIEQIANYIJIEDUANTUDIGEMINGDEDESHISHITICHU"MEISHOUYIQIETUDI"YOULIANGGEFANGMIANDECUOWU, YIFANGMIANSHI"CHUFANYIQIEFUNONGSHENZHIZHONGNONGHESHAOKUAITUDIDEPINNONG, SHINONGCUNJIEJIZHANXIANLINGLUAN, XUERUOLETUDIDOUZHENGDELILIANG, MOHULENONGMINFANDUIDIZHUJIEJIDEYISHI, YIWEITUDIGEMINGDEDUIXIANG, BUDANSHIFANDUIDUZHANTUDIDEDIZHUJIEJI, HAIYAOFANDUITAZIJI。"ERSHI"YAOZOUSHANGPINGJUNYIQIETUDIDEJIEGUO", LEISIYUTAIPINGTIANGUOSHIQIDE"FANTIANXIATIAN, TIANXIARENTONGGENG", DUIXIANGBUMING, BULIYUDIAODONGNONGMINSHENGCHANHEGEMINGDEJIJIXING。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   《XINGGUOTUDIFA》BA"MEISHOUYIQIETUDI"GAIWEI"MEISHOUGONGGONGTUDIJIDIZHUJIEJITUDI", ZHEISHIDUITUDIMEISHOUDUIXIANGWENTISHANGDEYIGEZHONGYAOBIANGENG, MAOZEDONGCHENGZHEISHIYIGE"YUANZEXINGDEGAIZHENG".ZHEIYIYUANZEXINGDEGAIZHENG, MINGQUELETUDIGEMINGSUODAJIDEZHUYAODUIXIANGSHIDIZHUJIEJI, SHIXIAOMIEFENGJIANTUDISUOYOUZHI。

                              三、《兴国土地法》的重要作用及历史意义

                              DIYI, 《XINGGUOTUDIFA》JUYOUCHENGQIANQIHOUDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。《XINGGUOTUDIFA》SHIDUI《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》LVEJIASHANGAIERCHENG, QILIFALINIANYU《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》TONGCHUYIYUAN, SHIDUIQIANZHEDEJICHENGHEFAZHAN, SHIQIGENGJIASHIYINGWOGUODESHIJIQINGKUANGHEGUOQING。TONGSHIYEWEIHOUXUDETUDIFAXIUDINGTIGONGLELILUNJICHUHESHIJIANJINGYAN, RU《XIUDING<TUDIZANXINGFA>》ZAI《XINGGUOTUDIFA》DEJICHUSHANGDUI《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》DEHOULIANGGEYUANZEXINGCUOWUJINXINGLEXIUZHENG, MINGQUELE"MEISHOUDIZHUTUDIGUINONGMINSIYOU"DEXINMINZHUZHUYITUDILIFADEGENBENYUANZE, SHIDUI《XINGGUOTUDIFA》DEJINYIBUXIUDINGHEWANSHAN。

                              DIER, 《XINGGUOTUDIFA》CUSHINONGMINJINGJIHEZHENGZHISHANGDEDAOLESHUANGZHONGDEJIEFANG, CUJINLESHEHUIDEBIANGE。JUMAOZEDONG《XINGGUODIAOCHA》XIANSHI:"GEMINGQIAN, KUYUPINQIONG, WUTIAOJIANQUQICHENGJIADE, GUNONG99%, PINNONG30%, SHOUGONGYEGONGREN30%, ZHONGNONG10%."JINGGUOTUDIGEMINGHOU, QINGKUANGFASHENGLEGENBENXINGDEBIANHUA, YEJIUSHISHUO, DADUOSHUQIONGRENDOUNENGGOUQUQICHENGJIA, GUOSHANGLEZHENGCHANGRENDESHENGHUO。GUANGDANONGMINCHENGWEILETUDIDESUOYOUZHE, JINGJISHANGFANLESHEN, ZHENGZHISHANGDEDAOLEJIEFANG, SHEHUIFENGQIDEDAOLEJIDADEGAISHAN, JUNMINQINGSHEN、GANQUNRONGQIA、GUANBINGTUANJIE, GENJUDINEIDEGEXIANGSHIYERUTONGYUHOUCHUNSUN, RIXINYUEYI, GEMINGGAIZAOLESHEHUI, SHILUOHOUDENONGCUNCHENGWEIXIANJINDEGONGGUDEGEMINGZHENDI, ZHEIYIQIEDOUSHITUDIGEMINGZHIJIEHUOJIANJIEDAILAIDEJIEGUO。

                              DISAN, 《XINGGUOTUDIFA》CHONGFENDIAODONGLENONGMINCANYUGEMINGDEJIJIXING。YOUYU《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》DEJUXIANXING, ZAOCHENGLEDANGDINONGMINBINGMEIYOUNONGQINGCHUTUDIGEMINGDEDUIXIANGHERENWU, CONGERYINGXIANGLEMINZHONGCANYUTUDIGEMINGDEREQING, CONGZHEIGEJIAODUSHANGJIANG, JINGGANGSHANJIDEJIANGJUNZHIYOUYIMINGYEJIUBUQIGUAILE。XIANGFAN, YOUYU《XINGGUOTUDIFA》SHIDUI《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》DEYUANZEXINGXIUZHENG, ZHIMEISHOUDIZHUJIEJIDETUDI, ZHENGQUDAOLEZHONGJIANJIECENGDEZHICHI, JIANGMEISHOULAIDETUDIFENJIPINNONG, YOUCIGUANGDANONGMINQUNZHONGKAIZHANLEHONGHONGLIELIEDE"DATUHAO, FENTIANDI"DEYUNDONG, NONGMINDEDAOLEMENGMEIYIQIU、LAIYISHENGCUNDETUDI, TONGSHIWEILEBAOWEILAIZHIBUYIDESHENGLIGUOSHI, NONGMINQUNZHONGCANJUN、CANZHAN、BAOJIAWEIGUODEJIJIXINGBEIJIDADIDIAODONGQILAILE。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   ZIGUYILAI"JIANGKAOXIN, BINGKAOXIANG", DANSHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGCHONGFENYUNYONGTUDIGEMINGDEFANGSHICHENGGONGDIJIEJUELEZAIMEIYOUXINXIANGQINGKUANGXIADEZHENGBINGWENTI。DANGSHI, XINGGUOXIANYOU28WANREN, QIZHONG8WANDUORENCANJIALEHONGJUNHECHIWEIDUI, HONGJUNZHANGZHENGSHICHUFA8WANREN, QIZHONG2.7WANXINGGUOREN, ZHANSANFENZHIYI, ZHANGZHENGERWANWUQIANLI, SUNSHI2.5WANXINGGUOREN, DAODASHANBEIZHISHENGXIA2 000XINGGUOREN, ZAIJINGGUOKANGRIZHANZHENG、JIEFANGZHANZHENG, QUANGUOSHENGLISHIJUNDUIZHONGJIANZHISHENGXIA2 000XINGGUOREN, QUANXIANXINGMINGKEKAODELIESHIDA23 179MING, ZAIXUEYUHUODEKAOYANZHONG, YUNYULEXIAOHUA、CHENQIHANDENG54WEIGONGHEGUOKAIGUOJIANGJUN。SUOYIYOURENZHEIYANGPINGJIAXINGGUO:"KANKANXINGGUO, JIUHUIDONGDESHENMESHIZHONGGUODETUDIGEMING, YEJIUHUIMINGBAIMAOZEDONGZHIDINGDEZHENGQUEDETUDIZHENGCEDEWEILI。"

                              DISI, 《XINGGUOTUDIFA》JIBENQUELILEXINMINZHUZHUYITUDILIFADEGENBENYUANZE。《XINGGUOTUDIFA》CHUBUMINGQUELE"MEISHOUDIZHUTUDIGUINONGMINSIYOU"DEXINMINZHUZHUYITUDILIFADEGENBENYUANZE, WEIHOUXUDEFALVZHIDINGHEWANSHANTIGONGLELILUNSHANGDEZHIDAO, WULUNSHI《XIUDING<TUDIZANXINGFA>》HAISHI《ZHONGHUASUWEIAIGONGHEGUOTUDIFA》DOUSHIDUIZHEIGEGENBENYUANZEDEFAZHANHEWANSHAN。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   DIWU, 《XINGGUOTUDIFA》SHIMALIEZHUYIJIBENYUANLIYUZHONGGUOSHIJIXIANGJIEHEDEDIANFAN。《JINGGANGSHANTUDIFA》WEISHENMEHUISHIBAI, CONGGENBENSHANGSHUO, SHIYINWEITASHIZHAOBANDESULIANDE"TUDIGUOYOU"DEFANGZHENZHENGCE, BINGMEIYOUHEZHONGGUODESHIJIQINGKUANGXIANGJIEHE, MEIYOUCHONGFENKAOLVDAONONGMINDUIYUTUDIDEPOQIEXUQIU, YINCIWEINENGDEDAOMINZHONGDEZHICHI, MEINENGCHONGFENDIAODONGNONGMINCANYUGEMINGDEJIJIXING。ER《XINGGUOTUDIFA》ZEJIANGMALIEZHUYIDEJIBENYUANLIYUZHONGGUODESHIJIXIANGJIEHE, CHONGFENZUNZHONGNONGMINYAOQIUTUDIDESUQIU, JIEJUENONGMINDESHIJIWENTI, YINCISHOUDAOLEGUANGDANONGMINQUNZHONGDEJIJIYONGHU, GUANGDANONGMINDEDAOLEMENGMEIYIQIUDETUDI, ZIJUEDICANJIABAOJIAWEIGUODEGEMINGYUNDONGHESHENGCHANYUNDONG, JIJIXINGDEDAOLEJIDADETIGAO。

                              DILIU, 《XINGGUOTUDIFA》DELIFALINIANJUYOUSHENKEDEJIEJIANYIYI。《XINGGUOTUDIFA》JIEJUELEMEISHOUTUDIDUIXIANGWENTI, 《XIUDING<TUDIZANXINGFA>》JIEJUELETUDISUOYOUQUANWENTI, ZHEICHONGFENTIXIANLEWOMENDANGCONGQUNZHONGZHONGLAI、DAOQUNZHONGZHONGQUDEQUNZHONGLUXIANZUOFENG, "YINWEIGEMINGZHANZHENGSHIQUNZHONGDEZHANZHENG, ZHIYAODONGYUANQUNZHONGCAINENGJINXINGZHANZHENG, ZHIYOUYIKAOQUNZHONGCAINENGJINXINGZHANZHENG。"ERYAORUHEDONGYUANQUNZHONG, JIUBIXUYAOJIEJUE"YIQIEQUNZHONGDESHIJISHENGHUOWENTI", TEBIESHITUDIGEMING, ZHIYAOCHONGFENLEJIEQUNZHONGDEJIKU, JISHIJIEJUEQUNZHONGDEWENTI, "WOMENJIUZHENZHENGCHENGWEIQUNZHONGSHENGHUODEZUZHIZHE, QUNZHONGJIUHUIZHENZHENGWEIRAOZAIWOMENDEZHOUWEI, RELIEYONGHUWOMEN".《XINGGUOTUDIFA》SUOYUNHANDELIFALINIANCONGBENZHISHANGJIANGSHIHEWODANGQUNZHONGLUXIANDEJIBENFANGZHENGAODUYIZHIDE。TONGSHI《XINGGUOTUDIFA》DEZHIDING, YOUSHIWODANGJIEHEWOGUODEJIBENGUOQING、TUDIDOUZHENGDEJINGYANHESHIJI, JIANGMAKESIZHUYITONGZHONGGUOGEMINGJUTISHIJIANXIANGJIEHEDECHANWU, TAFANYINGLETUDIGEMINGBIXUYAOCONGSHIJICHUFADEKEGUANGUILV。

                              ZHEIZHONG"CHONGFENZUNZHONGQUNZHONGHEGUILV"DELIFALINIAN, ZAIXIANRUJINDETUDIZHENGCEGAIGEZHONGRENGRANJUYOUZHONGYAODEJIEJIANYIYIHECANKAOJIAZHI。

                              参考文献
                              [1]毛泽东选集:第1卷[M].北京:人民出版社, 1991.
                              [2]毛泽东农村调查文集[M].北京:人民出版社, 1982.
                              [3]王令金。试评土地革命的成与败[J].山东教育学院学报, 2010, (1) .
                              [4] 宇。试论土地革命时期几部土地法规的立法意义[J].延安大学学报:社会科学版, 1997, (1) .

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