星云棋牌官网下载

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                                    土地法对中国农村的社会变迁的辨证关系研究

                                    时间:2018-11-28 来源:未知 作者:乐枫 本文字数:8506字

                                    土地法论文精心编辑范文8篇之第七篇:土地法对中国农村的社会变迁的辨证关系研究

                                      摘要:星云棋牌官网下载土地法与中国农村的社会变迁存在着互动的辨证关系。一方面, 土地法的演变源于中国社会和农村的深刻变革, 各种政治、经济或文化的力量催生中国土地法律制度的变迁;另一方面, 中国农村社会在土地法的推动下不断迈向现代社会。人口构成、社会分层、农村基本经济制度、社会治理模式、农民行为模式和心理习惯等, 是这种关系展开的不同层面。迄今, 这种相互影响、相互促进的互动关系仍在继续。

                                      关键词:土地法; 社会变迁; 社会和行动中的土地法;

                                      Abstract:

                                      The interactive relations between land laws and social transformation in rural China are dialectical.On one hand, the reason for land laws change stems from the profound transformation in the country and rural society; on the other hand, pushed by land laws, rural China is undergoing modernization.The layers in this relationship are population composition, social stratification, elementary economic institution, social managing mode, farmer behavior pattern and psychological character and so on.Up till now, this interaction still exerts its impact.

                                      Keyword:

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   <Keyword>land laws;social transformation;land laws in society and action;

                                    土地法

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   TUDIFAYUZHONGGUONONGCUNDESHEHUIBIANQIANCUNZAIZHEHUDONGDEBIANZHENGGUANXI, DANZHEIZHONGHUDONGGUANXIZAIWEIGUANDESHEHUICENGMIANBINGFEIWANQUANDUIYING, ERZHEYOUSHIBIAOXIANCHUMOUZHONGSHULI、PIANCHA, YOUSHIYOUFEICHANGQINMIBINGXIANGHUTUIJIN。ZI1949NIANZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOCHENGLIYILAI, ZHONGGUONONGCUNCONGCHUANTONGDENONGGENGJINGJISHEHUIXIANGXIANDAIHUANONGYEYUGONGYEHUASHEHUI、XINXISHEHUIDEBIANQIANCONGWEITINGZHIGUO, GUANYUTUDIDEFALVHEZHENGCEZAIZHONGGUONONGCUNYEBUDUANDISHICUO、GAIJINHETIGAO, ERQIEZHEIGEGUOCHENGRENGZAIJINXINGZHIZHONG。

                                      一

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                                    星云棋牌官网下载   FALVYUSHEHUIDEGUANXIKEYIKANZUOSHIZIBIANLIANGHEYINBIANLIANGDEGUANXI:ZAISHEHUIXIANXIANGDUIFA

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                                      二

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   RUGUOCONGZHONGGUODESHEHUIBIANQIANHENONGCUNSHEHUIBIANGEDEJIAODULAISHENSHIZHONGGUOTUDIFADEYANBIANLICHENG, WOMENJIUHUIFAXIAN, 1949NIANYILAIDEZHONGGUOTUDIFADADIKEFENSANGESHIQI, JITUDIGAIGESHIQI、HEZUOHUAYURENMINGONGSHESHIQIJIJIATINGLIANCHANCHENGBAOSHIQI, QIZHONGQIANLIANGGESHIQISHIZISHANGERXIADE、YOUZHENGZHIYINSUHEGUOJIAZHENGQUANLILIANGTUIDONGNONGCUNTUDIFALVZHIDUDEXINGCHENGYUSHIJIAN, ERDISANGESHIQIZESHIZIXIAERSHANG、YOUGEANDENONGMINJINGJIBIANGESHIYANDAOZHIXINDETUDIZHENGCEDESHENGCHENGBINGJINERSHANGSHENGWEIZHULIUDENONGCUNTUDIFALVZHIDU。

                                      (1) TUDIGAIGESHIQI:

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                                      (2) HEZUOHUAYURENMINGONGSHESHIQI:

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                                    星云棋牌官网下载   (3) JIATINGLIANCHANCHENGBAOSHIQI:

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                                      三

                                      BUKEFOURENDESHI, TUDIFAYUZHONGGUONONGCUNSHEHUIDEGEGECENGMIANZHIJIANCUNZAIZHEXIANGHUJIAOCUODEFUZAGUANXI, HENNANYIJUEDINGLUNDEDANXIANGSIWEIFANGSHIJIANDANDIYANGETAMENZHIJIANDEGUANXI, BUTONGSHIQITUDIFADEYUNNIANG、XINGCHENG、CHENGSHUHEYANBIANYIFEIXIANXINGDEFANGSHIJINXING, TADUIZHONGGUONONGCUNSHEHUIFANGFANGMIANMIAN, BAOKUORENKOUBIANHUA、RENYUANLIUDONG、SHEHUIFENCENG、TUDIZHIDU、SHEHUIZHILIMOSHI、NONGMINXINGWEIMOSHIYUXINLIXIGUANDENGCHANSHENGLESHENKEERFEICHANGJUTIDEYINGXIANG, BINGQIEZHEIZHONGYINGXIANGRENGZAIJINXINGZHIZHONG。

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   RENSHISHEHUIDEZHUTI, ERRENKOUSHISHEHUISHENGCHANLIDEZHUTIXINGGOUCHENGYAOSU, RENKOUDEGOUCHENG、BIANHUAYULIUDONGWANGWANGSHIFANYINGYIGESHEHUIBIANQIANDEZHONGYAOZHIBIAO。JULIANHEGUODETONGJI, 1900NIAN~1943NIANZHONGGUORENKOUDENIANCHUSHENGLVWEI37‰, SIWANGLVWEI33.4‰, ZIRANZENGZHANGLVJIN3.6‰, DAO1949NIANQUANGUORENKOUZONGSHUWEI4YIDUOREN[5] (127) .JIEFANGQIANZAOCHENGWOGUORENKOUDEGAOCHUSHENGLVYUGAOSIWANGLV, CHULESHEHUIDONGDANGYULIANNIANZHANZHENGDEYUANYINZHIWAI, HAIYUWOGUODANGSHISHIXINGJISHAOSHUDIZHUZHANGWOTUDISUOYOUZHIDETUDIZHENGCEYOUZHEZHIJIEDEGUANXI。《TUDIGAIGEFA》SHISHIHOU, ZHANQUANGUORENKOU80%YISHANGDEZHONGGUONONGMINCHENGWEITUDIDEZHENZHENGZHURENHEGENGZHONGZHE, JIATINGDESHENGCHANGONGNENGZENGQIANG, ZHEIDADACIJILERENKOUDEZAISHENGCHAN。WOGUO1952NIANDERENKOUZIRANZENGZHANGLVWEI20‰, ER1954NIANNONGCUNRENKOUDEZIRANZENGZHANGLVDADAO23‰。SUIZHENONGCUNTUDISUOYOUZHIDESHEHUIZHUYIGAIZAO, NONGMINCONGXIAOSIYOUZHEZHUJIANYANBIANWEIHEZUOSHEHERENMINGONGSHETIZHIXIADEJITIZUZHICHENGYUAN, JIATINGDEGONGNENGJINGLILECONGSHENGCHANXIAOFEIXINGDAODANYIXIAOFEIXING、YOUDAOSHENGCHANXIAOFEIXING, ZAIDAOXIAOFEIXINGDEFANFUZHUANBIAN, NONGCUNRENKOUDEBIANHUAYECHENGXIANCHUQUZHEDEBODONGYIZHIDAO1963NIANCAIWENDINGXIALAIBINGCHIXUDAO1978NIAN, BIRUNONGCUNRENKOUZIRANZENGZHANGLVZAI1954NIANHOUKAISHIXIAJIANG, DAO1957NIANYOUHUISHENGHOUZAIXIAJIANG, 1960NIANSHENZHIDIEDAO-9.23‰;NONGCUNRENKOUCHUSHENGLVZAI1960NIANHOUKAISHISHANGSHENG, DAO1963NIANDADAOLE43.19‰, RENKOUDEZIRANZENGZHANGLVYEDAOLELISHIXINGDE32.7‰, YINGLAILEXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAIDEDIYICIRENKOUZENGZHANGGAOFENG, ZHIHOUYOUCHIXUWENDINGDIXIAJIANG。SHANGGESHIJI80NIANDAIYILAI, YOUGUANJIATINGLIANCHANCHENGBAOZERENZHIDEFALVHEZHENGCEDESHISHI, ZHONGXINJIANGJIATINGDESHENGCHANGONGNENGTUXIANCHULAI, SUIRANGAISHIQIWOGUOSHIXINGLEJIHUASHENGYU, RENKOUZENGZHANGLVDEYICHIXUXIAJIANG, 1995NIANWEI11.09‰, DANRENKOUDEJUEDUIZENGZHANGBINGWEITINGZHI, 1982NIANNONGCUNCHUSHENGLVWEI21.97‰, 1986NIANWEI21.9‰, 1995NIANRENGDADAO18.08‰, JIEZHIDAO2002NIANNONGCUNRENKOUWEI7.82YI, RENGZHANQUANGUOZONGRENKOUDE60.91%[3] (77) .GAISHIQIHAICHUXIANLE"CHAOSHENGYOUJIDUI"HE"TOUSHENG"DENGXIANXIANG, ZHEIYUNONGCUNJINGJIRENGYIJIATINGWEIDANWEI、ZHONGGUONONGCUNXIANYOUTUDIFALVZHIDUBINGBUBIRANDAOZHIXIAONONGJINGJIXIANGXIANDAINONGYEJINGJIDEZHUANBIAN、DANQUEYINFARENKOUDEDAGUIMOLIUDONGYIJINONGCUNSHEHUIBAOZHANGZHIDUBUJIANQUANDENGYOUZHEZHIJIEDEGUANLIAN。

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   CHENGXIANGRENKOUDELIUDONGJIYUZHENGZHIBIANGE、HUJIZHIDUDENGMIQIEXIANGGUAN, YESHIZHONGGUOTUDIFALVZHIDUBIANQIANDEJIEGUO。1950NIANDAI, YIFANGMIANNONGCUNSHIXINGNONGMINTUDISUOYOUZHIYUHEZUOJINGJIDENGBINGCUNDEZHIDU, NONGMINXIANGYOULEYIDINGDEZHENGZHIJINGJIZIYOU, 1954NIANXIANFAGUIDINGLEGONGMINDEQIANXIZIYOUQUAN;LINGYIFANGMIAN, GUOJIAKAISHISHISHIGONGYEHUAHEGUOMINJINGJIXIANDAIHUAZHANLVE, CHENGSHIDUILAODONGLICHANSHENGLEHENDADEXUQIU, NONGCUNRENKOUDALIANGLIUXIANGCHENGSHIBINGDADUOBEICHENGSHISUOJIENA, ZHIZHIYANGEDEHUJIZHIDUSHISHICAIBEIJIBENEZHI。LIUQISHINIANDAIGAODUJIZHONGDEJIHUAJINGJITIAOJIANXIA, DAPICHENGSHIQINGNIANBEIZHENGZHIDONGYUANZIJUELIUXIANGHUOBEIQIANGZHIQIANSONGDAONONGCUN。SUIZHENONGCUNTUDICHENGBAOZERENZHIDEGUANCHESHISHI, NONGMINBUJINZHONGXINHUODELEDUITUDIDESHIYONGQUANHEZIZHUJINGYINGQUAN, ERQIEDADAJIEFANGLENONGCUNSHENGCHANLIBINGYOUCICHANSHENGLEDALIANGSHENGYULAODONGLI, QIZHONGYIBUFENZHIJIEZHUANWEICHENGZHENRENKOU, YIBUFENYI"LITUBULIXIANG"DEFANGSHIBUCHONGDAOXIANGZHENQIYEHEJITIJINGJIZUZHIZHONG, YIBUFENYI"LITUYOULIXIANG"DEFANGSHILIUXIANGCHENGSHI, TEBIESHI1989NIANHOUXINGCHENGLE"MINGONGCHAO"BINGCHUXIANLESUOWEI"NONGMINGONGWENTI".

                                      TUDIFALVZHIDUDEBIANQIANHENONGCUNRENKOUDELIUDONGHAIYINGXIANGDAOBUTONGSHIQIZHONGGUONONGCUNSHEHUIDEJIEJIHEJIECENGDEGOUCHENGZHUANGKUANG。1950NIAN, ZHENGWUYUANFABU《GUANYUNONGCUNHUAFENJIEJICHENGFENDEJUEDING》, JIANGDANGSHIDENONGCUNRENKOUHUAFENWEIDIZHU、FUNONG、ZHONGNONG、XIAOSHOUGONGYEZHE、XIAOSHANGFAN、PINNONGDENG13GEJIEJIHEJIECENG。JUGUJI, TUGAIQIAN, DIZHUYUEZHANZONGHUSHUDE5%, FUNONGZHAN3%~5%, PIN、GUNONGZHAN70%, ZHONGNONGZHAN20%, FENGJIANDIZHUSUOYOUZHISUODAILAIDESHINONGCUNSHEHUIDEJIDUANPINFUFENHUA。ERDAOLE1953NIANZUOYOU, NONGCUNSHEHUIQUXIANGZHONGNONGHUA, QUANGUOPINGUNONGXIAJIANGDAO30%, ERZHONGNONGSHANGSHENGDAO60%, FUNONGHEDIZHUSUOZHANBILIJIBENBUBIANERFENBIEWEICHIZAI6%HE4%[3] (169) .SUIZHENONGCUNSHEHUIZHUYIDEWANCHENGHENONGYEDEJITIHUA、RENMINGONGSHEHUA, ZHENGGESHEHUIZHISHENGXIALIANGGEJIEJI (GONGRENHENONGMIN) 、YIGEJIECENG (ZHISHIFENZI, YESHIGONGRENJIEJIDEYIBUFEN) , ZHONGGUONONGCUNGEJIECENGDIWEIDEPINGJUNHUAQUSHIFEICHANGMINGXIAN, TONGSHIGANBUYINWEIQITESHUDEZHENGZHISHENFENERCHENGWEINONGYUFEINONGHUKOUDEFENJIELING。GAIGEKAIFANGYILAI, YOUYUTUDIFAZHUJIANQUELILEYIJITISUOYOUZHIWEIZHUTI、DUOZHONGJINGJICHENGFENBINGCUNDENONGCUNJIBENJINGJIZHIDU, LIYIQUXIANGDUOYUANHUA, NONGCUNSHEHUIHUAJINCHENGJIAKUAI, ERNONGCUNDEJIEJIJIECENGJIEGOUSUIZHIYEFASHENGLESHENKEBIANHUA, ZAINONGCUNCHUXIANLEGETILAODONGZHE、SIYINGQIYEZHU、"NONGMINGONG"QUNTIDENGXINXINGSHEHUIJIECENG, JISHINONGMINJIEJINEIBUYEJIJUFENHUA, YOUXUEZHEJIANGDANGDAINONGMINJIEJIJUTIHUAFENWEI17GEBUTONGJIECENG[6], NONGCUNRENKOUDEZHIYEFENHUA、DIYUQIANYIHESHEHUISHENFENBIANGEYIQIANSUOWEIYOUDEGUIMOZAIJINXINGDANGZHONG。GENJUXUEZHELUXUEYIDUI1989NIANHE1999NIANNONGCUNJIECENGBIANHUADEDUIBIYANJIUBAOGAOBIAOMING, NONGYELAODONGZHE、NONGMINGONG、XIANGCUNQIYEGUANLIZHEDOUYOUXIAJIANG, FENBIECONG55%~57%DAO46%~50%、24%DAO16%~18%、3%DAO1.5%, ERGUGONG、NONGCUNZHISHIFENZI、GETILAODONGZHEYUGETIGONGSHANGHU、SIYINGQIYEZHUHENONGCUNGUANLIZHEDOUYOUBUTONGCHENGDUDESHANGSHENG, FENBIECONG4%DAO16%、1.5%~2%DAO2.5%、5%DAO7%~8%、0.1%~0.2%DAO0.4%~0.6%、6%DAO7%[7] (178) .ZHEIYIWEIZHENONGCUNGONGYEHUA、CHENGZHENHUA、SHICHANGHUARENGZAIJIXUZHONG, NONGCUNSHEHUIDEJIBENGEJUSUIRANHAIMEIYOUFASHENGGENBENXINGDEBIANHUA, DANZHEIYIMINGXIANYINGXIANGDAOZHONGGUONONGCUNDESHEHUIJIECENGLIUDONGYUFENHUA。

                                      四

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   YINGGAISHUO, 1949NIANYILAIDEZHONGGUONONGCUNTUDIFADEYANBIANZHIJIEJIANZHENGHEQUERENLENONGCUNJIBENJINGJIZHIDUDEBIANHUAFAZHANLICHENG, TUDIZHENGCEYUFALVDESHISHICHENGWEITUIDONGNONGCUNSHEHUIBIANQIANDEZHUYAODONGLIZHIYI。

                                      1947NIAN, ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZAIXIBOPOZHAOKAITUDIHUIYI, TONGGUOLE《ZHONGGUOTUDIFADAGANG》, XUANBUYAOFEICHUFENGJIANTUDIZHIDU, SHIXINGGENGZHEYOUQITIANDENONGMINTUDISUOYOUZHI。1949NIAN9YUE《GONGTONGGANGLING》TICHULEZAIXINJIEFANGQUSHIXINGTUDIGAIGEDERENWU。1950NIAN6YUE《TUDIGAIGEFA》ZAICIXUANBUYAO"FEICHUDIZHUJIEJIFENGJIANBOXUEDETUDISUOYOUZHI, SHIXINGNONGMINDETUDISUOYOUZHI, JIEYIJIEFANGNONGCUNSHENGCHANLI, FAZHANNONGYESHENGCHAN, WEIXINZHONGGUODEGONGYEHUAKAIPIDAOLU。"BINGGUIDINGLE"YIQIETUDISUOYOUZHEZIYOUJINGYING、MAIMAIJICHUZUQITUDIDEQUANLI".ZHEISHIJICONGFALVSHANGZAIZHONGGUONONGCUNJIANLILEWANZHENGDENONGMINTUDICHANQUANZHIDU, JITUDIBUJINNENGWEINONGMINSUOYOU, ERQIEKEYOUNONGMINZIZHUSHIXIANTUDIDELIUZHUAN。DAO1954NIANXIANFABANBUSHISHIQIAN, QUANGUOGEDIYIJIBENWANCHENGTUDIGAIGE, GUOYINGJINGJI、HEZUOSHEJINGJI、NONGMINHESHOUGONGYEZHEDEGETIJINGJI、SIRENZIBENZHUYIJINGJIHEGUOJIAZIBENZHUYIJINGJIWUZHONGJINGJICHENGFENBINGCUNDESUOYOUZHIJIEGOUXINGCHENG。YAOZHICHUDESHI, TUDIGAIGESUIRANGAIBIANLENONGCUNDETUDISUOYOUZHIJICHU, DANTABINGWEIGAIBIANCHUANTONGNONGYEGUIMOXIAOERLINGSANDEXIAONONGJINGJIMOSHI。

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   TONGGUOHEZUOHUAHERENMINGONGSHEZHIDU, YISHEHUIZHUYILAODONGJITISUOYOUZHIQUDAINONGMINTUDISIYOUZHI, ERSHIXINGTUDIGONGYOU、JITIJINGYING、ANLAOFENPEIDESHEHUIZHUYINONGCUNJINGJIZHIDU, ZHEIZAICIGAIBIANLENONGCUNDETUDIZHIDUBINGSHIXIANLETUDIGONGYOUHUA, TUDIBEITONGYISHOUGUIJITIHUOGUOJIA, ERBUYUNXUNONGMINSUOYOUHESIRENLIUZHUAN。ZHENGFUQIWANGYICIGAIBIANZHONGGUONONGCUNCHUANTONGDEXIAONONGJINGJIMOSHI, DADAOFAZHANSHENGCHAN、BIMIANPINFUFENHUAHECUJINZHONGGUOGONGYEHUADEMUDE。20DUONIANDESHIJIANJIEGUOZHENGMING, TAQUESHIJIEJUELEXIAONONGJINGJIYUSHEHUIZHUYIGONGYEHUADEMAODUN, DANTASHIYIXISHENGNONGCUN、NONGYEHENONGMINLIYIWEIDAIJIADE, TEBIESHIMEIYOUJIEJUEJITIJINGJIYUNONGCUNSHEHUIFAZHANDEMAODUN、YIJISHENGCHANXIAOLVYUNONGMINSHENGCHANJIJIXINGDENGFANGMIANDEWENTI。

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   《TUDIGUANLIFA》、《NONGYEFA》、《NONGCUNTUDICHENGBAOFA》YIJI《MINFATONGZE》、1982NIANXIANFAJIQIXIUZHENGANDENGXINGCHENGLEGAIGEKAIFANGYILAIZHONGGUONONGCUNXINXINGDETUDIFALVZHIDUTIXI, TAWEITUDIGONGYOUDEQIANTIXIASHIXIANTUDISUOYOUQUANYUJINGYINGQUAN、SHIYONGQUANDEFENLITIGONGLEFALVBAOZHANG, BINGWEITUDIYONGYIQUANDEYIFALIUZHUANTIGONGLEFALVYIJU, RU1988NIANXIANFAXIUZHENGANGUIDING"TUDIDESHIYONGQUANKEYIYIZHAOFALVDEGUIDINGZHUANRANG", 2002NIAN《NONGCUNTUDICHENGBAOFA》DI32TIAOGUIDING:"TONGGUOJIATINGCHENGBAOQUDEDETUDICHENGBAOJINGYINGQUANKEYIYIFACAIQUZHUANBAO、CHUZU、HUHUAN、ZHUANRANGHUOZHEQITAFANGSHILIUZHUAN。"JUCI, ZHONGGUONONGCUNZHUJIANQUELIHEWANSHANLENONGCUNJITISUOYOUZHIHEYIJIATINGCHENGBAOJINGYINGWEIJICHU、TONGFENJIEHEDESHUANGCENGJINGYINGTIZHI, 20DUONIANDESHIJIANZHENGMING, ZHEIZHONGTUDIFALVZHIDUQUESHIJIEFANGHEFAZHANLENONGCUNSHEHUISHENGCHANLI, BINGTUIDONGLENONGCUNDEXIANDAIHUAJINCHENG。RANER, SHIJIANZHONGYECHUXIANLEYIXIEWEIBEIZHIDUSHEJICHUZHONGDEQINGXING, RUTUDICHENGBAOBEILIJIEWEIDANGAN, JITIJINGJISHITIBEIWANQUANJIESAN;YOUXIEDIFANGCHUXIANLEJICENGGANBUSUIYIBIANGENGTUDICHENGBAOQIXIANERJIANTANONGMINCHENGBAOQUAN、SIYILIUZHUANTUDISHIYONGQUANHECHENGBAOQUANERSUNHAIGUOJIALIYIDEXIANXIANG, ERJINXIENIANLAINONGCUNBUDUANFASHENGDEQUNTIXINGSHIJIANDADUOSHUYUTUDICHENGBAOJIUFENYUBUHELIDENONGDIZHENGYONGBUCHANGWENTI。TONGSHIZAISHIJIANZHONGYECHANSHENGLEXIANYOUTUDIZHIDUZISHENWUFAJIEJUEDEZHUDUOMAODUN, TEBIESHISHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIZHIXIAFENSANJIATINGJINGYINGYUNONGCUNGONGYEHUA、CHANYEHUAJINGYINGDEMAODUN。WEIJIEJUEZHEIXIEMAODUN, NONGCUNDEMOSUOXINGSHIYANYECONGWEITINGZHIGUO, ZHURUTUIXINGNONGCUNTUDIGUFENHEZUO、SHISHINONGCUNDECHENGZHENHUAHEGONGYEHUAZHANLVE, ERCHUXIANLESUNANMOSHI、WENZHOUMOSHI、ZHUJIANGMOSHIDENG[3] (120) , ZHEIXIEDOUYOUDAIYUJINYIBUJINXINGZHENGCEXINGDEZONGJIEBINGSHANGSHENGDAOZHIDUHUA、FALVHUADEGUOJIAGUIFANCENGMIAN。

                                      五

                                      NONGCUNTUDIFADEBIANQIAN, HAIYINGXIANGDAONONGCUNZHILIMOSHIDEZHUANBIANYUNONGMINXINGWEIHEXINLIXIGUANZAIBUTONGSHIQIDEBIANHUA。ZAITUDIGAIGECHUQI, GUOJIAQUANLIDECHUJIAOBINGMEIYOUWANQUANSHENRUDAONONGCUN, ZHONGGUODECHENGSHIYUNONGCUNDATICHUYUERYUANGEJUZHUANGTAI, SHANGWEIJINXINGTUDIGAIGEDENONGCUNDADUOCAIYONGXIANGSHENHEZONGZUZHILIMOSHI。SUIZHETUDIGAIGEDEWANCHENG, GUANGDANONGMINFENDELETUDI, BINGJIANLILEZHURUNONGHUIZHILEIDEXINXINGQUANLIJIGOU, NONGCUNSHEHUIGUANXIFASHENGLEJUDABIANGE。ERCHUJISHE、GAOJISHENAIZHIRENMINGONGSHEDEJIANLIHEPUJI, QIANGHUALEGUOJIAQUANLIDUINONGCUNDEJIZHONGGUANZHI, TUDIYOUGUOJIAHEJITIZUZHISUOYOU、TONGYIJINGYINGGUANLIHEFENPEI。RENMINGONGSHETIZHIDEQUELI, BIAOZHIZHEGUOJIAQUANLIQUANMIANKONGZHINONGCUNDADAOLEDINGDIAN, CISHIDERENMINGONGSHEJISHIJITIJINGJIZUZHI, YOUSHIGUOJIAZHENGQUANZAINONGCUNDEJICENGDANWEI, SUIRANYECUNZAISHENGCHANDUI、SHENGCHANDADUIZHILEI, DANHOUZHEZHIDUOSHUYURENMINGONGSHEDENEIBUZUCHENGDANYUAN。GUOJIAJIQIZHENGSHITONGGUORENMINGONGSHETIZHIERYONGYOULEDUIQUANSHEHUIZIYUANDEPEIZHIHEGUANLINENGLI, QILILIANGYISHENTOUDAOSHEHUIJINGJIDEFANGFANGMIANMIANHESHEHUIDEGEGEJIAOLUO, JIANLILEZHENGFUJIHUAXINGDE、YOUSHANGDAOXIAXINGZHENGTUIDONGDESHEHUIJINGJIFAZHANTIXI[3] (216) .ZHEIZHONGTIZHISHINONGMINDEZHUTIDIWEIXUZHI, JICENGZUZHICHENGWEIXINGZHENGXIBAO, ERYANZHONGYAYILENONGMINGETIDESHENGCHANJIJIXINGHESHEHUICANYUNENGLI。JIATINGLIANCHANCHENGBAOZERENZHISHISHIHOU, NONGMINYOUBEIZUZHIANPAIDEBEIDONGXINGDONGZHECHENGWEIDULIDESHENGCHANJINGYINGZHEERJUYOULEDUZIDEJINGJILIYIHESHEHUICANYUNENGLI, RENMINGONGSHETIZHIBUDEBURANGWEIYUNONGCUNZIZHITIZHI, GUOJIAQUANLIYEZHUJIANTUICHUNONGCUNSHEHUISHENGHUODEDADUOSHULINGYU, YUTUDIFALVZHIDUTONGSHITUIJINDECUNMINZIZHIZHIDUYEDEYIZHUBUWANSHANHETIGAO, "HAIXUAN"ZHILEIDEZHIJIEMINZHUXUANJUFANGSHIDEDAOGUOJIAQUANLIDERENTONG, XUDUOBUFADADIFANGCHUXIANLEWAICHUDAGONGNONGMINHUIXIANGCANXUANDERECHAO, GUOJIAQUANLIYUNONGCUNSHEHUIZIZHIBINGXINGDEGEJUZAIJIXUXINGCHENGHEFAZHANZHONG。

                                      CHUANTONGZHONGGUOSHIZAINONGGENGJINGJIJICHUSHANGXINGCHENGDEXIANGTUSHEHUI, ZAICHUANTONGNONGMINSHEHUIDEZHUYAOSHEHUIGUANXINIUDAIHEXINGCHENGDUINONGMINJINGSHENSHIJIEDEYINGXIANGHEZHIYUEDEYINSUZHONG, XIANGTUXINGBIXUEYUANHEDIYUANYINGZHIYUGENGWEIZHONGYAODEDIWEI, YINWEIZHEIYOUZHUYUWOMENLIJIEZHONGGUONONGCUNSHEHUIDETESE, YOUZHUYULIJIEWEISHENMETUDIGAIGEYIJIZI1949NIANQIYICIBIYICIGENGWEIJULIEDEGEMINGYIJIDUANDEJIEJIYISHIQUDAIHUOCHONGJILECHUANTONGDEXUEYUANGUANXI, DANQUESIHAOWEINENGGAIBIANZHONGGUONONGMINDECHUANTONGXINGHEXIAONONGYISHI;ER1978NIANSHIXINGJIATINGLIANCHANCHENGBAOZERENZHIYILAI, SUIZHEDAPIDENONGMINZOUCHUTUDISHENZHIZOUCHUJIAXIANGERBAITUOLEDUITUDIDEYIFUHESHUFU, NONGMINDEXINGWEIFANGSHIHESHEHUIXINLICAITIXIANCHUYUELAIYUEDUODEXIANDAIXING[8] (39) .JIATINGLIANCHANCHENGBAOZERENZHISHIXIANLETUDIZHIDUHENONGYEJINGYINGFANGSHIDEGAIGE, DANTAZISHENBUKENENGJIEJUEZHONGGUONONGCUNDEZUIZHONGFAZHANWENTI, BUKENENGCONGGENBENSHANGJIEJUENONGCUNDECHENGSHIHUA、GONGYEHUAHEXIANDAIHUAWENTI。YINCI, GAIZHIDUDESHISHIYEDAILAILENONGMINDEJIGONGJINLIHEDUITUDIDEBUZHENXI, XUDUONONGCUNDIQURENGSHIXINGGETIHUADEXIAONONGSHENGCHANMOSHI。SUIZHEXIANGZHENQIYEHEJITIJINGJIDEFAZHAN, NONGMINDUITUDIYECHANSHENGLEERNANXINTAI, YIFANGMIANYOUYUNONGMINDUITUDIBUCUNZAIWANZHENGCHANQUAN, JIASHANGJICENGGANBUZIYIBIANGENGTUDICHENGBAOLIANGXIANXIANGDECUNZAI, NONGMINBUYUANYIZAITUDISHANGTOURUGUODUO;LINGYIFANGMIANYOUDANXINGUOJIADETUDIZHENGCEBULIANGUAN, JIASHANGXIANSHISHEHUIYEQUESHICUNZAIDUINONGMINSHIMINHUADEXILIEZHIDUXINGZHANGAI, RUYANGEDEHUJIZHIDU、DAIYOUQISHIXINGDEYONGGONGZHIDUHEBUPINGDENGDESHEHUIBAOZHANGZHENGCE, YINCINONGMINBUYUANYIYEBUGANSHIQUQISHEHUIBAOZHANGDEZUIHOUPINGZHANG--TUDI。SUIZHECHENGSHIHUAHESHEHUIZHUANXINGDEBUDUANTUIJIN, YONGYOUCHENGSHISHIMINSHENFENTONGSHIYOUWEIZUIZHONGFANGQITUDIDEXIANXIANGJIANGJIXUCUNZAI, ERSHENCHUSHEHUIJIJUBIANGEZHONGDEZHONGGUONONGMINSUOCHANSHENGDEMOUXIEFANXIANDAIXINLIYUXINGWEIXUANZEZHIDEGUANZHU, RUZAIZHENAN、FUJIAN、GUANGDONG、JIANGXI、HUNANDENGDINONGCUNCHUXIANLEZONGZUWENHUADEFUHUODENG。SUIZHEZHONGGUOTUDIZHENGCEYUFALVZHIDUDEJINYIBUDIAOZHENGHEWANSHAN, NONGMINZAICHUANTONGYUXIANDAI、XIANGTUYUCHENGSHIDEFANFUJUEZEHEFENZHENGYEHAIHUIJINXINGXIAQU, NONGCUNSHEHUIWANQUANSHIXIANCHUANTONGSHEHUIXIANGXIANDAISHEHUIDEZHUANXINGZHILURENGHENZHANG。

                                      参考文献
                                      [1] (美) 埃弗里特。M.罗吉斯, 拉伯尔。J.伯德格。王晓毅, 王地宁译。乡村社会变迁[M].杭州:浙江人民出版社, 1988.
                                      [2] 朱景文。比较法社会学的框架和方法---法制化、本土化和全球化[M].北京:中国人民大学出版社, 2001.359.
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                                      [5]姜涛。中国近代人口史[M].杭州:浙江人民出版社, 1993.
                                      [6]林后春。当代农民阶级阶层分化研究综述[J].社会主义研究。1991, (1) :03.
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                                    星云棋牌官网下载   [8] 周晓虹。传统与变迁---江浙农民的社会心理及其近代以来的嬗变[M].上海:三联书店, 1998.

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