星云棋牌官网下载

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                    学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 法学论文 > 法律论文 > 军事法论文

                    毛泽东关于军队管理的法制思想

                    时间:2019-01-09 来源:西南石油大学学报(社会科学版) 作者:万志鹏 本文字数:14073字

                      摘    要: 毛泽东军事法思想是毛泽东思想的重要组成部分, 散见于毛泽东关于军队的组织体系、纪律条令以及作战原则、战犯审判等方面的论述。毛泽东关于军事组织法的核心思想是党对军队的绝对领导, 为贯彻这一指导思想, 毛泽东极为重视军队政治工作, 将其作为“我军的生命线”, 同时强调军事指挥权的集中。毛泽东对军事行政法和军事刑法的主要贡献是确立“三大纪律八项注意”, 并在实践中严惩违反军纪的行为;对于历史上有军功的人员, 主张功过不能折抵。毛泽东在战争法则上的主要思想是自卫原则和优待战俘原则, 同时认为战俘与战犯有区别, 主张严惩国内外战犯。毛泽东的军事法思想深刻影响了我国的军事法制建设, 丰富了国际军事法的相关内容。

                      关键词: 毛泽东; 军事法; 军事组织; 政治工作; 三大纪律八项注意; 战犯;

                      Abstract:星云棋牌官网下载 Mao Zedong's thoughts on military laws, an important part of Mao Zedong ideology, are reflected in his elaborations on military organization system, military discipline regulations, the principle of combat, and humanism in the trial of war criminals. The core of Mao Zedong's thoughts on military law is the Party's absolute leadership over the army. In order to implement this ideology, Mao Zedong put great importance to the political work of the army and regarded it as the“threshold of the army”. Mao Zedong also emphasized the centralization of military command. His contributions to the military administrative law and military criminal law is the establishment and implementation of“three main rules of discipline and eight points for attention”. Mao Zedong advocated that merits should not offset demerits to those who had military merits in history. Mao Zedong's main ideology on the law of war is the principle of self-defence and the principle of humanist treatment of prisoners of war. He also discriminated prisoners in war from war criminals and advocated severe punishment of war criminals. Mao Zedong's thoughts on military laws has deeply influenced the construction of military legal system in China and enriched the international military law.

                      Keyword:星云棋牌官网下载 Mao Zedong; military law; military organization; political work; three main rules of discipline and eight points for attention; war criminals;

                      引言

                      MAOZEDONGDEJUNSHIFASIXIANGZUOWEIMAOZEDONGSIXIANGDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN, SHIMALIEZHUYIDEJIBENYUANLIYUZHONGGUOGEMINGDEJUTISHIJIANXIANGJIEHEDECHANWU, SHIMAOZEDONGZAIZHANGQIDEGEMINGZHANZHENGZHONGDUIJIANSHEXINXINGRENMINJUNDUIHEGUOFANGLILIANGDEJINGYANZONGJIE, DUIWOJUNDEGEMINGHUA、ZHENGGUIHUA、XIANDAIHUAJIANSHEZUOCHULEZHONGYAODEGONGXIAN。GUOQU, XUESHUJIEJIAOWEIZHONGSHIDUIMAOZEDONGJUNSHISIXIANGDEYANJIU, ERJIAOWEIHUSHIMAOZEDONGZAIJUNSHIFAFANGMIANDEJIANSHU。SHIJISHANG, MAOZEDONGGUANYUJUNDUIDEZUZHIJIANSHE、JUNDUIDEJILVTIAOLINGHEXINGSHITIAOLI、ZHANZHENGDESHOUDUANYUGUIZE、DUIZHANFUDECHUZHIHEDAIYU、DUIZHANFANDECHENGFADENGLUNSHUDOUFANYINGLEMAOZEDONGDEJUNSHIFASIXIANG。

                      1、 毛泽东的军事组织法思想

                      军事组织法是有关军事系统的领导体制、组成编制的基本军事法律制度。毛泽东在长期的革命战争中, 对军队的政治原则、组织原则、指挥原则、建设方针等提出过一系列观点, 并付诸实践, 形成了毛泽东军事组织法的基本内容。
                     

                    毛泽东关于军队管理的法制思想
                     

                      1.1、“党指挥枪”是军事组织法的首要原则

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                      1.2、 军队的政治工作是“党指挥枪”的重要保证

                      “JUNDUIDEZHENGZHIGONGZUO, SHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZAIWOJUNZHONGDESIXIANGGONGZUOHEZUZHIGONGZUO”[4]。MAOZEDONGZAILINGDAORENMINJUNDUIJINXINGGEMINGHEJIANSHEDEZHANGQISHENGYAZHONG, DUOCIFANFUQIANGDIAOGUOZHENGZHIGONGZUODEZHONGYAOXING, QINZIZHIDAOZHIDINGLEDUOBUZHONGYAODEJUNDUIZHENGZHIGONGZUOTIAOLI。ZHEIXIEZHENGZHIGONGZUOTIAOLICHENGWEILEWOJUNJUNSHIFADEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN, YESHIZHONGGUOJUNSHIFADEZHONGYAOTESEZHIYI。

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                      1.3、 军事指挥权的必要集中是军事组织法的重要内容

                      ZAIJUNNEIPUBIANDISHIXINGMINZHUZHIDU, SHIDANGDEZHENGZHIGONGZUOZAIGUANGDAGUANBINGZHONGDEJUTIYAOQIU。DANSHI, YOUYUZHANZHENGDEFUZAXINGHECANKUXING, ZAIZHONGDADEZHANLVEWENTISHANG, ZAIGUANHUBUDUISHENGSICUNWANGDEZHANYIJUECEQUANWENTISHANG, GENGYINGDANGQIANGDIAODESHIZHIHUIDEJIZHONG。NEIZHONGRENWEIYIQIEJUNSHIJUECEDOUBIXUXIANJIAOXIAJITAOLUN、ZAIYOUSHANGJIJUEDINGDEZHUZHANG, MAOZEDONGCHIZHIWEI“JIDUANMINZHUHUA”DECUOWUSIXIANG。MAOZEDONGZHICHU:“SHOUXIAN, YAOZHICHUJIDUANMINZHUHUADEWEIXIAN, ZAIYUSUNSHANGYIZHIWANQUANPOHUAIDANGDEZUZHI, XUERUOYIZHIWANQUANHUIMIEDANGDEZHANDOULI, SHIDANGDANFUBUQIDOUZHENGDEZEREN, YOUCIZAOCHENGGEMINGDESHIBAI。”[3]88JUNSHIXINGDONGQIANGDIAO“BINGGUISHENSU”, ZHANZHENGZAIMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGSHIZUOZHANSHUANGFANGZAISHIJIANSHANGDEJINGZHENG、ZAISUDUSHANGDESAIPAO。ZAIJINGONGZHONG, JIANDIZHANJIYEXUSHAOZONGJISHI;ZAICHETUIZHONG, SHAOYOUYOUYUJIKENENGZAOCHENGMIEDINGZHIZAI。ZHEIJIUSHIZHANZHENGDEGUILV。MAOZEDONGZAIZHANGQIDEJUNSHILINGDAOGUOCHENGZHONGGANJUEDAO, JUNDUIDEXINGDONGYAOXUNSU, ZHANJIYAOZHUADEZHUN, JUNSHIJUECEYAOJISHI、ZHUNQUEDIZUOCHU, NEIMEJUNSHIZHIHUIQUANBIXUYAOJIZHONG。ZHEIJIUSHIMAOZEDONGSUOSHUODE, “JUNDUIZAIZUOZHANSHIHEQINGKUANGXUYAOSHI, SHOUZHANGYOULINJICHUZHIZHIQUAN”[8]1341。

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                      2 、毛泽东的军事行政法和军事刑法思想

                      2.1、 人民军队的核心军规军纪是“三大纪律八项注意”

                      ZUOWEIZHUOYUEDEZHENGZHIJIAHEJUNSHIJIA, MAOZEDONGSHENZHIJUNJIDEYOULIANGYUFOUGUANHUMINXINDEBEIXIANG。DANSHI, ZAICANKUDEZHANZHENGHUANJINGZHONG, DUANZAOYIZHIJILVYANMINGDEJUNDUIJUEFEIYISHI。YOUQISHIZAIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDULILINGDAOWUZHUANGLILIANGDEZAOQIGEMINGZHONG, JUNDUIGUANBINGDECHENGFENSHIFENFUZA。WEIZHANSHENGDIREN, MAOZEDONGWEIZHEIZHIJUNDUIQUELILEWENMINGYUSHIDEJUNGUIJUNJI“SANDAJILVBAXIANGZHUYI”。ERZHEI“SANDAJILVBAXIANGZHUYI”, ZAIXINGZHISHANGJISHIJUNSHIXINGZHENGFAYESHIJUNSHIXINGFA。MAOZEDONGLINGDAOZHIDINGDE“SANDAJILVBAXIANGZHUYI”SUIRANZISHUBUDUO, DANSHENGDONGXINGXIANG、TIEJINSHENGHUO、YANJIANYIGAI, ZHIJINRENGRANSHIWOJUNJUNSHIFADELINGHUNSUOZAI。

                      “SANDAJILVBAXIANGZHUYI”DEXINGCHENGYOUYIGEGUOCHENG。1927NIAN10YUEXIAXUN, SHANGJINGGANGSHANZHIQIAN, MAOZEDONGZAISUICHUANXIANGBUDUIXUANBUSANTIAOJILV:DIYI, XINGDONGTINGZHIHUI;DIER, DATUHAOKUANZIYAOGUIGONG;DISAN, BUNALAOBAIXINGYIGEHONGSHU[11]169。GONGKESUICHUANXIANCHENGHOU, MAOZEDONGFAXIANBUDUICUNZAIYIXIEQINFANQUNZHONGLIYIDEWENTI, YOUXUANBULIUXIANGZHUYI:HAIMENBAN, KUNPUCAO, SHUOHUAHEQI, MAIMAIGONGPING, BULAFU、QINGLAIFUZIYAOJIQIAN, BUDARENBUMAREN。“SANDAJILV, LIUXIANGZHUYI”JIUSHIZAISUICHUANXINGCHENGDE。1928NIAN4YUE, ZHENDUIBUDUISHOU“ZUO”QINGMANGDONGZHUYIYINGXIANGFASHENGDEWEIFANJILVDEQINGKUANG, MAOZEDONGZAISHATIANJIHEDUIWUJINXINGJILVJIAOYU, ZAICIXUANBUGONGNONGGEMINGJUNDE“SANDAJILV, LIUXIANGZHUYI”。CISHI, “SANDAJILV”XIUGAIWEI:DIYI, XINGDONGTINGZHIHUI;DIER, BUNAGONGRENNONGMINYIDIANDONGXI;DISAN, DATUHAOYAOGUIGONG。“LIUXIANGZHUYI”XIUGAIWEI:YI、SHANGMENBAN;ER、KUNPUCAO;SAN、SHUOHUAHEQI;SI、MAIMAIGONGPING;WU、JIEDONGXIYAOHAI;LIU、SUNHAIDONGXIYAOPEI[9]235。DUIYUHONGJUNZHONGPOHUAIJUNJIDEXINGWEI, MAOZEDONGZUOLERENZHENDEFENXI, BINGSHANGSHENGDAOHENGAODEZHENGZHIGAODU。ZAI1929NIAN6YUEXIEJILINBIAODEXINZHONG, MAOZEDONGSHUO:“JUNJIWENTISHIHONGJUNYIGEHENDADEZHENGZHIWENTI......”[5]69ZAIMAOZEDONGDANGSHIKANLAI, HONGJUNZHONGPOHUAIJUNJIDEXIANXIANGZHUYAOSHIYOU“LIUKOUSIXIANG”“MANGDONGZHUYI”“LIUMANGYISHI”ZAOCHENGDE, ERDANGSHIYOUREN (BAOKUOGEJIZHIHUIYUAN) CUNZAIGUXIQIANJIUDEQINGXIANG, RENWEIDALESHENGZHANGJIUSHITOUDENGDASHI。MAOZEDONGRENWEI, JUEBUNENGJIANGWEIFANJUNJIKANZUOSHIXIAOSHI, NENGFOUYANZHENGJUNJISHIGUANXIDAOWODANGNENGFOUZHENGQUMINXIN、BUDUINENGFOUWEIXITUANJIEDEZHONGDAWENTI。ZAI1929NIAN12YUETONGGUO《GUTIANHUIYIJUEYIAN》ZHONG, MAOZEDONGZAICIZHONGSHENLEHONGJUNBIXUYANGEZUNSHOUJUNJI、JIANCHIJUNMINTUANJIEDESIXIANG。

                      GUTIANHUIYIZHIHOU, HONGJUNZHONGWEIFANJUNJIDEXIANXIANGDADAJIANSHAOLE, DANMAOZEDONGSIHAOMEIYOUFANGSONGDUIHONGJUNGUANBINGDEJILVYAOQIU。1930NIAN3YUE20RI, HONGSIJUNDAODANANKANGXIANTANGJIANGZHEN, MAOZEDONGHEZHUDEYUCIRIFABUHONGSIJUNJUNBUGUANYUZHENGDUNJUNFENGJUNJIDEXUNLING, TICHU“WUSHIGEGUANBINGYITIZUNZHAOSANTIAOJILVLIUDAZHUYI, SHIHONGJUNJINGSHENJIZHUZHISHENRUYUYIBANQUNZHONG”, SHENMING“FANWEIFANJUNFENGJUNJIZHE, WULUNDAXIAOBIYUCHAJIU”[9]300–301。CIHOU, MAOZEDONG、ZHUDEQIANFALE《QUANXIANXUNLINGDIQIHAO——JIAQIANGZAWURENYUANJIAOYUDEXUNLING》, JIANG“SANTIAOJILV”YU“LIUDAZHUYI”XIANGTIBINGLUN, CHUBUXINGCHENGLEHOULAIDE“SANDAJILVBAXIANGZHUYI”DECHUXING?。YOUYUGENJUDIDEKUODAYIJIHONGSEZHENGQUANDEJIANLI, HONGJUNCHOUKUANDELAIYUANZHUJIANBUWANQUANYIKAODATUHAOLE, MAOZEDONGBIANBA“SANDAJILV”ZHONGDE“DATUHAOYAOGUIGONG”GAIWEI“CHOUKUANYAOGUIGONG”, HOUYOUGAIWEI“YIQIEJIAOHUOYAOGUIGONG”, HOULAIYOUJIANG“BUNAGONGRENNONGMINYIDIANDONGXI”GAIWEI“BUNAQUNZHONGYIZHENYIXIAN”。

                      KANGZHANSHIQI, MAOZEDONGYEDUOCIJIUJUNJIWENTIZUOCHUGUOZHONGYAOZHISHI。1944NIAN11YUE1RI, MAOZEDONGZAICHUXIBALUJUNNANXIAZHIDUIDESHISHIDAHUISHANG, GULINANXIAZHIDUIDEZHIZHANYUANYAOXIANG“WANGZHEZHISHI”NEIYANGZUNSHOUSANDAJILVBAXIANGZHUYI, ZHENZHENGZUODAOJILVYANMING, QIUHAOWUFAN[10]555。1945NIAN4YUE, ZAIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDIQICIQUANGUODAIBIAODAHUISHANG, MAOZEDONGZAIZUOKOUTOUBAOGAOSHIZAICISHUODAOJUNDUIDEJILVWENTI:“YIGEJUNDUI, YAOYOUTONGYIDEJILV, YAOTINGHAOLING:LIZHENG, SHAOXI, XIANGZUOKAN, XIANGYOUKAN, KAIBUZOU, MIAOZHUNFANG。BURANDIRENZAIQIANMIAN, YIGEWANGDONGFANG, YIGEWANGXIFANG, SHIYAOBEIDIRENXIAOMIEDE。”[12]

                      1947NIAN10YUE10RI, ZAIJIEFANGZHANZHENGDEXINGSHIFASHENGGENBENBIANHUADESHIHOU, MAOZEDONGQICAOLE《ZHONGGUORENMINJIEFANGJUNXUANYAN》, QIZHONGTIDAO:“BIXUTIGAOJILVXING, JIANJUEZHIXINGMINGLING, ZHIXINGZHENGCE, ZHIXINGSANDAJILVBAXIANGZHUYI, JUNMINYIZHI, JUNZHENGYIZHI, GUANBINGYIZHI, QUANJUNYIZHI, BUYUNXURENHEPOHUAIJILVDEXIANXIANGCUNZAI。”[8]1239YUCITONGSHI, MAOZEDONGWEIJIEFANGJUNZONGBUQICAOLE《GUANYUZHONGXINBANBUSANDAJILVBAXIANGZHUYIDEXUNLING》, TONGYIGUIDING“SANDAJILV”WEI:“ (YI) YIQIEXINGDONGTINGZHIHUI; (ER) BUNAQUNZHONGYIZHENYIXIAN; (SAN) YIQIEJIAOHUOYAOGUIGONG。”“BAXIANGZHUYI”SHI:“ (YI) SHUOHUAHEQI; (ER) MAIMAIGONGPING; (SAN) JIEDONGXIYAOHAI; (SI) SUNHUAIDONGXIYAOPEI; (WU) BUDARENMAREN; (LIU) BUSUNHUAIZHUANGJIA; (QI) BUDIAOXIFUNV; (BA) BUNVEDAIFULU。”MAOZEDONGYAOQIUQUANJUN“YICIWEIZHUN, SHENRUJIAOYU, YANGEZHIXING”[13]。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYIHOU, MAOZEDONGDUIJUNDUIZUNSHOU“SANDAJILVBAXIANGZHUYI”DEYAOQIUSHIZHONGMEIYOUFANGSONG。MAOZEDONGBUJINSHIFENZHONGSHI《ZHONGGUORENMINJIEFANGJUNJILVTIAOLING》DENGJUNSHIFADEZHIDING, YESHICHANGFABIAOYOUGUANJUNGUIJUNJIDEJIANGHUAHEBAOGAO。1950NIAN6YUE, MAOZEDONGZAISHENYUENIERONGZHENXIANGZHENGXIEYIJIEERCIHUIYIDEJUNSHIBAOGAOZHONGTEYIJIASHANGYIDUANWENZI:“QUANJUNBIXUWEICHILIANGHAODEJILV, GAISHANGUANBINGGUANXIHEJUNMINGUANXI。”[14]15111950NIAN10YUE, ZAIZHONGGUORENMINZHIYUANJUNCHUBINGCHAOXIANQIANXI, MAOZEDONGFABUMINGLING:ZHONGGUORENMINZHIYUANJUNBIXU“YANGEDIZUNSHOUJUNSHIJILVHEZHENGZHIJILV, ZHEISHIBAOZHENGWANCHENGJUNSHIRENWUDEYIGEJIZHONGYAODEZHENGZHIJICHU”[15]。1952NIAN, TAQICAOBINGFACHULE《JUNWEIGUANYUJIUZHENGFANGSONGJUNSHIJIAOYUHEJILVFEICHIXIANXIANGDEZHISHI》, YAOQIUQUANJUN“JINXINGYICIZHENGDUNJILVDEGONGZUO, YIYANGEZHIXINGMINGLINGZHISHI, YANGEJUNFENGJI, YANGEZUNSHOUZHIDU, ......DUIYUYANZHONGWEIFANJILVHESUNHUAIWUQI、ZHUANGBEIDEXINGWEI, YINGYURENZHENDEZHUIJIUZEREN, HEJIYUYINGDEDECHUFA”[7]71。

                      2.2、 不以军功折抵违犯军纪的行为

                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIWOJUNZAOQIDEJUNSHIFAZHONG, SHANGWEIYANGEQUFENXIANDAIYIYISHANGDEJUNSHIXINGZHENGFA、JUNSHIXINGFAYIJIJUNSHIXINGSHISUSONGFA, JUNSHIWEIJIXINGWEIYUJUNSHIFANZUIXINGWEIDEQUFENYEBINGBUMINGXIAN, WEIFANJUNJIDEXINGWEICHANGCHANGJIUSHIFANZUI, YAOYONGJUNFADEFANGFACHENGFA。MAOZEDONGDUIJUNGUIJUNJIKANDESHIFENZHONGYAO, DUIYUWEIFANJUNGUIJUNJIDEXINGWEI, YIJINGFAXIAN, YANSUCHENGCHU。JISHIWEIFANZHECENGJINGLIXIAJUNGONG, YEYAOSHANGFAFENMING, GONGGUOBUNENGXIANGDI。ZAISANWANGAIBIANHOUBUJIUJIUCHUXIANLETUANZHANGCHENHAODENGRENQITUSHANDONGSHIBINGTAOPAODESHIJIAN, MAOZEDONGTONGGUOZHAOKAIQIANWEIKUODAHUIYITONGYIYIJIAN, YITEBIEJUNSHIFATINGDEMINGYIPANCHUCHENHAODENGSIMINGJUNGUANSIXING。ZHEIYIGONGGUOFENMINGDETAIDU, YINQILEQUANJUNDEZHENDONG。1929NIANDEGUTIANHUIYISHANG, MAOZEDONGTICHUYAO“BIANZHIHONGJUNFAGUI”YIYANSUJUNJI。DUANDUANJIGEYUENEI, ZHONGYANGJUNSHIWEIYUANHUIJIUTONGGUOLE《ZHONGGUOGONGNONGHONGJUNJILVZANXINGTIAOLICAOAN》《ZHONGGUOGONGNONGHONGJUNZHENGZHIGONGZUOZANXINGTIAOLICAOAN》DENGHONGJUNFAGUI。ZAI1932NIAN2YUE, MAOZEDONGYIZHONGHUASUWEIAIGONGHEGUOZHONGYANGZHIXINGWEIYUANHUIZHUXIDEMINGYIYUFUZHUXIXIANGYING、ZHANGGUODAOYIQIFABU《ZHONGHUASUWEIAIGONGHEGUOJUNSHICAIPANSUOZANXINGZUZHITIAOLI》, JIUSUQUJUNSHICAIPANSUODEZUZHIXITONG、ZUCHENGRENYUAN、ZUZHIRENWU、SHENPANCHENGXUDENGWENTIJINXINGLEGUIDING[16]788–791。ZHEISHIYIBUZHUANMENDEJUNSHIXINGSHISUSONGFA, ZAIZAOQIJUNSHIFAZHIJIANSHEZHONGZHANJUZHONGYAODEDIWEI。1933NIAN4YUE, MAOZEDONGDENGYOUFABULE《ZHONGHUASUWEIAIGONGHEGUOLINSHIZHONGYANGZHENGFURENMINWEIYUANHUIMINGLING——WEIJIANCHAHEQUDISIRENQIANGZHIJINZHIMAOCHUANJUNFUSHI》, ZHEISHIYIBUDANXINGDEJUNSHIXINGFA, ZHUYAOGUIDINGLEFEIFACHIYOUQIANGZHIYISIZANGJUNHUOLUNZUI、BUDESUIYICHUANHONGJUNJUNFUDENGNEIRONG[16]603–604。1933NIAN12YUE, MAOZEDONGHEXIANGYINGDENGFABUZHONGHUASUWEIAIGONGHEGUOZHONGYANGZHIXINGWEIYUANHUIGUANYUCHUZHIHONGJUNZHONGTAOPAOFENZIDEMINGLING。MINGLINGXUANBU:TUOQIANGTAOPAOZHE, YIJINGBUHUOJIUYILVJIUDIQIANGJUE;ZUZHITAOPAOZHE, YILVDAIBUJINGGONGSHENQIANGJUE;LVCITAOPAO、ZAOYAOPOHUAIHONGJUNJIGUIDUIYUNDONGZHE, YILVDAIBUSONGFATINGCHUYIYOUQITUXINGZHIDAOQIANGJUE;YINZHENGZHIJUEWUBUGOUERGERENTAOHUIZHE, GEJIZHENGFUYINGJIAQIANGDUITAMENDEXUANCHUANGUDONG, SHITAMENZIYUANGUIDUI, JUEBUNENGCAIQUDAIBUJINBIDENGBANFA;RENHETAOPAOFENZIJUEDUIBUXUSHOURONGZAIHOUFANGJIGUAN、BUDUI、TUANTIZHONGGONGZUOHEFUWU[9]417。ZHEIXIEMINGLINGHEGUIDING, JISHIJUNJI, YEDAIYOUJUNSHIXINGFADEXINGZHI。JISHIZAIZHANGZHENGTUZHONG, ZAIZHANDOUSHIFENPINFANDESUIYUELI, MAOZEDONGHETADEZHANYOUMENYEMEIYOUWANGJIHONGJUNJILVDEZHONGYAOXING。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIMAOZEDONGKANLAI, JUNFAHEJUNJIDEBENZHISHIYIZHIDE, WEIFANJUNFAHUOZHEJUNJIDOUSHIDUIGEMINGDEFANZUI, DOUYINGDANGZHUIJIUZEREN, SHOUDAOCHENGFAHEJIAOYU。YINCI, “SANDAJILVBAXIANGZHUYI”BENSHENJIKEYISHUOSHIJUNSHIJILV, YEKEYISHUOSHIJUNSHIXINGFA, WEIFANZHEIXIEGUIDING, QINGZHEYUYIPIPINGJIAOYU, ZHONGZHEKEYICHUYIJIXING。DUIYUNEIXIEWEIGAOQUANZHONGDEJUNREN, YOUQIBUNENGGUXIZONGRONGQIWEIFANJUNJIDEXINGWEI。1937NIAN10YUE5RI, YANANKANGRIJUNZHENGDAXUEDI3QIDI6DUIDUIZHANG、GONGCHANDANGYUANHUANGKEGONGYINDUISHANBEIGONGXUENVXUESHENGLIUQIANBIHUNWEISUIERJIANGLIUQIANKAIQIANGDASI, ZAIDANGDIZAOCHENGJIHUAIDESHEHUIYINGXIANG。WEILEXIAOCHUYINGXIANG, YANSUJILV, MAOZEDONGXIADINGJUEXINJUEDINGCHUYIHUANGKEGONGJIXING。MAOZEDONGQINZIXIEXINJISHANGANNINGBIANQUGAODENGFAYUANYUANZHANGLEIJINGTIAN, XINZHONGSHUO:“HUANGKEGONGGUOQUDOUZHENGLISHISHIGUANGRONGDE, ......DANTAFANLEBURONGSHEMIANDEDAZUI, ......YINCIZHONGYANGYUJUNWEIBIANBUDEBUGENJUTADEZUIEXINGWEI, GENJUDANGHEHONGJUNDEJILV, CHUTAYIJIXING。”[17]39ZHEIYISHIJIANZAICIBIAOMING, MAOZEDONGDUIGEMINGJUNRENDEJILVYAOQIUSHIYANGEDE, DUIYUYANZHONGWEIFANJUNFADEXINGWEIBIXUYANCHENG, JUEBUYIGUOQUDEGONGJIWEIYANSHIHEZHEDI。

                      3、 毛泽东的战争法思想

                      3.1、 自卫原则是战争法则中的道义制高点

                      ZAIMAOZEDONGDUIZHANZHENGFADELUNSHUZHONG, SHOUWEIZHONGYAODESIXIANGSHIZHANZHENGFAZHONGDEZIWEIYUANZE, QIHEXINSHI:WOJUNZUOZHANDEZHUYAOMUDESHIFANGYU, YINERZUOZHANDEFANWEIHEQIANGDUYIJIANJUEZHIZHIDIFANGDEJUNSHITIAOXINWEIYAOZHI;SUIRANZHANZHENGSHIYOUDIFANGTIAOQIDE, WOJUNSHIBEIDONGYINGZHANDE, DANYIDANWOJUNKAIZHANFANGYUZUOZHAN, JIUJUEBUYINGSHIXIAOJIFANGYUERYINGSHIJIJIFANGYU。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   MAOZEDONGDUIZHANZHENGZHONGZIWEIYUANZEDESIKAO, ZAIKANGZHANSHIQIXINGCHENGLEYIGEBIJIAOCHENGSHUDEFANGZHEN, JIZHENDUIGUOMINDANGZHIZAODEMOCASHIJIANHEFADONGDEFANGONGGAOCHAO, MAOZEDONGMINGQUETICHULE“RENBUFANWO, WOBUFANREN, RENRUOFANWO, WOBIFANREN”DEZIWEIZHANZHENGFANGZHEN。MAOZEDONGZAIHUIDAJIZHETIWENGONGCHANDANGRUHEDUIDAISUOWEIMOCADETAIDUSHIZHICHU:“WOKEYILVZHIDIGAOSUNIMEN, WOMENGENBENFANDUIKANGRIDANGPAIZHIJIANNEIZHONGHUXIANGDUIXIAOLILIANGDEMOCA。DANSHI, ......RUGUOQIRENTAISHEN, RUGUOSHIXINGYAPO, NEIMO, GONGCHANDANGJIUBIXUYONGYANZHENGDETAIDUDUIDAIZHI。ZHEITAIDUJIUSHI:RENBUFANWO, WOBUFANREN;RENRUOFANWO, WOBIFANREN。”[2]590MAOZEDONGQINZIJIANGZHEIYIZHANZHENGFAZECHENGWEI“ZIWEIYUANZE”, TASHUO:“ZHEIJIUSHISHUO, JUEBUKEWUGUJINGONGRENJIA, YEJUEBUKEZAIBEIRENJIAGONGJISHIBUYUHAIJI。ZHEIJIUSHIDOUZHENGDEFANGYUXING。”[2]749YOUCIKEJIAN, MAOZEDONGZHEYANYUKANGRIZHANZHENGDEDAJU, QIANGDIAOJILIANHEYOUDOUZHENG, JIJIWANGUPAIDEJUNSHITIAOXINYICHENZHONGDAJI, YOUBUZHISHIKANGRITONGYIZHANXIANPOLIE, MAOZEDONGJILEZHEIZHONGZIWEIDEYUANZEYIGEJIANJIEDECHENGWEI, JI“YOULI”YUANZE。“YOULI”YUANZE, YU“YOULI”“YOUJIE”DEYUANZEXIANGJIEHE, JIUCHENGWEIKANGZHANSHIQIBALUJUN、XINSIJUNYUGUOMINDANGWANGUPAIZHIJIANJUNSHIDOUZHENGDEZHONGYAOFAZE。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIKANGZHANGUOCHENGZHONG, GUOMINDANGWANGUPAIXIANHOUFAQIGUOSANCIDADEFANGONGGAOCHAO, ZHIZAODADAXIAOXIAODEMOCASHIJIANSHANGBAIQI, SHENZHIFASHENGGUO“WANNANSHIBIAN”ZHEIYANGYANZHONGDESHIJIAN。DUICI, MAOZEDONGDETAIDUSHISHIFENMINGQUEDE:“......DUIYUNEIXIEGANYUGONGDAJINBUJUNDUI、JINBUTUANTI、JINBURENYUANDEREN, WOMENSHIJUEBUNENGRONGRENDE, SHIBIDINGYAOHAIJIDE, SHIJUEBUNENGRANGBUDE。”[2]716DANSHI, ZIWEIZHANZHENGDEXIANDUYIDINGYAOBAWOHAO, JI“ZHEIZHONGDIKANGSHIYOUYONGDE, DANBIXUYANGEZHANZAIZIWEILICHANGSHANG, JUEBUNENGGUOCIXIANDU, ……WEICIMUDE, YIDINGTIAOJIANXIADEHUANHE、TUIRANGYESHIBIYAODE”[17]221–222。JUNSHIBUGUOSHIZHENGZHIDEYANXU, KANGZHANSHIQIGUOGONGLIANGDANGDEJUNSHIDOUZHENGBIXUZAIWEIHUZHENGTITUANJIEKANGZHANDEJICHUSHANGZHANKAI, ZHEIJIUJUEDINGLEWOJUNDUIWANGUPAIDEZIWEIFANJIBIDINGYOUYIDINGXIANDU。YINCI, SUOWEI“RENBUFANWO, WOBUFANREN”, QIANGDIAODESHIWOJUNJUEBUXIANGRENHEGUOMINDANGJUNDUIZHUDONGJINGONG (DANGRANBUBAOKUOWANGWEIJUNDUI) , WOJUNJUEBUTIAOQIZHANDUAN;ER“RENRUOFANWO, WOBIFANREN”ZESHIZHIRURUOWOJUNZAODAOGUOMINDANGJUNDUIJINGONG, WOJUNJUEBUHUIBIZHANQIUHE、GUXITUIRANG, BIRANHUIJIANJUE、CHEDIDIXIAOMIEGANYUJINGONGDERENHEWANJUN, JINERPOSHIQITINGZHITIAOXIN。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   MAOZEDONGDEZIWEIZHANZHENGYUANZEZAIXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOUYOUYOUXINDEFAZHAN。MAOZEDONGZAIXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOUDUOCIJIUZHANZHENGDEZIWEIFAZEWENTIBIAOMINGLETAIDU, TASHUO:“RENHEDIFANGWOMENDOUBUQUQINLVE。DANSHI, RENJIAQINLVELAILE, WOMENJIUYIDINGYAODA, ERQIEYAODADAODI。”[7]17620SHIJI50NIANDAIMOZHI60NIANDAICHU, YINDUZHENGFUBUGULIANGGUOYOUHAOGUANXI, ZAIBIANJIEWENTISHANGLVLVXIANGWOGUOFANAN, WOGUOZHENGFUBENZHEHEPINGGONGCHUWUXIANGYUANZEDUIYINFANGDETIAOXINYIZAIBAOCHILEKEZHI。RANER, YINDUZHENGFUJINGCUOWUGUJIXINGSHI, BUGUWOGUODUIHEPINGJIEJUEBIANJIEWENTIDEHUYU, PAIQIANJUNDUIWULIQINZHANWOGUOCHUANTONGLINGTU。ZAICIQINGKUANGXIA, MAOZEDONGQUEDINGLEDUIYINDOUZHENGDEJIBENFANGZHEN, JI“JUEBUTUIRANG, LIZHENGBIMIANLIUXUE;QUANYAJIAOCUO, ZHANGQIWUZHUANGGONGCHU”。ZHEIZHENGSHIYIZHONGJIANCHIBUTIAOXIN、BUTUIRANG、LIZHENGHEPING、YIZHANZHIZHANDEDOUZHENGFANGZHEN。RANERNIHELUQUEZHIMIBUWU, HANRANJUEDINGXIANGWOJUNFAQIWULI“QUZHU”, ZHONGYUNIANGCHENGZHONGYINBIANJINGZHANZHENG。DANGYINJUNJINGONGYICHENGSHISHIHOU, MAOZEDONGCAIXIADINGJUEXINJINXINGYICHANGZUOZHANSHIJIAN、DIYUHEMUBIAODOUYOUXIANDEFANJIZHAN。ZAIWOJUNWANCHENGZHANYIMUBIAOHOU, MAOZEDONGYOUXIALINGWOJUNTINGZHIJUNSHIXINGDONG, SHIFANGZHANFU, GUIHAIDUIFANGWUQI, BINGHOUCHETUOLIZHANCHANG, SHIXIANLEJUNSHISHANG、DAOYISHANGDESHUANGZHONGSHENGLI。ZAI20SHIJI60、70NIANDAIMIANLINMEISULIANGDACHAOJIDAGUODEJUNSHIWEIXIESHI, MAOZEDONGSHIZHONGJIANCHI“BEIZHAN”“BUDADIYIQIANG”“LAILEJIUJIANJUEDA”DESIXIANG。DUIYUZHANZHENGDEZIWEIFAZE, MAOZEDONGZHONGQIYISHENGDOUJIANGQIZHIYUJUNSHIDOUZHENGDEZHONGYAOYUANZEJIAYIGUANCHEZHI。

                      3.2、 宽待战俘是战争法的重要原则

                      DUIZHANFUYUYIRENDAOZHUYIDAIYUSHIDANGDAIGUOJIJUNSHIFADEZHONGYAOYUANZEZHIYI, TONGSHIYESHI1949NIAN《RINEIWAGONGYUE》DEZHONGYAONEIRONG。RANER, MAOZEDONGDEKUANDAIZHANFUSIXIANGBUJINBIGUOJIGONGYUEDEXINGCHENGSHIJIANGENGZAO, ERQIESHIJIANDEGENGCHEDI, RENDAOZHUYINEIRONGGENGFENGFU。ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI, WOJUNZAIZHANCHANGSHANGYOUYIJUZHEMINGDEKOUHAO:“JIAOQIANGBUSHA!”ZHEIFANYINGLEWOJUNDEZHANCHANGZHENGCESHIZHIYAODIRENFANGXIAWUQI, WULUNSHIFOUTOUCHENGDOUJIYUSHENGMINGANQUANDEBAOZHANG。ERMAOZEDONGDEKUANDAIZHANFUSIXIANGYUANYUANBUZHIYUCI, MAOZEDONGDUIDAIZHANFUDESIXIANGBAOHANLEWAJIEDIJUN、FENHUADIYING、ZHENGZHIXUANCHUAN、JIAOYUGAIZAODENGFENGFUDENEIRONG。

                      1928NIAN2YUE, MAOZEDONGZHIHUIGONGNONGGEMINGJUNGONGZHANLENINGGANGXIANCHENG, FULULEJINSANBAIREN。ZAIYASONGFULUDEGUOCHENGZHONG, CHUXIANLEDAMAFULU、SOUFULUYAOBAODENGXIANXIANG, MAOZEDONGLIKETICHUJIUZHENG。MAOZEDONGDUIZHIZHANYUANMENSHUOMING, DIJUNZHONGDEXUDUOSHIBINGGENWOMENYIYANGDOUSHIQIONGKURENMINCHUSHEN, SHIBEIPOCANJIAGUOMINDANGJUNDUIDE, YINGGAIBATAMENKANCHENGSHIWOMENDEJIEJIXIONGDIERBUYINGDANGDAMA。TAHAIXUANBU:GONGNONGGEMINGJUNBUSHA、BUDA、BUMAFULU, BUSOUFULUYAOBAO, DUISHANGBINGFULUJIYIZHILIAO;JINGGUOJIAOYU、ZHILIAOHOULIUQUZIYOU, LIUZHEKAIHUANYINGHUIZUOGEMINGJUNZHANSHI, QUZHEKAIHUANSONGHUIBINGFALUFEI[11]171。GUTIANHUIYIGENGJIAMINGQUELEHONGJUNYOUDAIFULUDEZHENGCE, XIANGXIGUIDINGLEDUIFULUBING“BUSOUJIANTAMENSHENSHANGDEQIANHEYIQIEWUJIAN”“FANDUIJIFULUBINGYIRENHEYANYUHUOXINGDONGSHANGDEWURU”, JIYU“WUZHISHANGDEPINGDENGDAIYU”, BUYUANYILIUXIADE“FAJILUFEI, FANGTAMENHUIQU”“YIZHIDIFANGSHANGBING”DENGNEIRONG。ZHEIZHONGDUIDAIDIFANGFULUDEKUANDACUOSHI, BUJINZAIZHONGGUOLIDAIZHANZHENGSHISHANGJUEWUKENENG, JIUSHI“ERZHAN”JIESHUHOUZHIDINGDEGUOJIGONGYUEYEWUFACHAOYUE。ZHENGSHIZHEIZHONGKONGQIANYOUHOUDEFULUZHENGCE, GANRANLEWUSHUCHUSHENPINKUDEGUOMINDANGSHIBING, SHITAMENGANSHOUDAOLEXINJIUJUNDUIDEQIANGLIEDUIBI, YOUDEGUOMINDANGSHIBINGHEXIAJIJUNGUANYIZAIBEIFU、YIZAIBEIFANG, ZUIZHONGCHENGXINJIARUHONGJUNDUIWU。ZHENGRUMAOZEDONGSUOSHUO:“DUIDIJUNDEXUANCHUAN, ZUIYOUXIAODEFANGFASHISHIFANGFULUHEYIZHISHANGBING。DIJUNDESHIBINGHEYING、LIAN、PAIZHANGBEIWOMENFULUGUOLAI, JIDUITAMENJINXINGXUANCHUANGONGZUO, FENWEIYUANLIUYUANQULIANGZHONG, YUANQUDEJIFALUFEISHIFANG。ZHEIYANGJIUBADIRENSUOWEI‘GONGFEIJIANRENJIUSHA’DEQIPIAN, LIJIDAPO。”[3]67

                    星云棋牌官网下载   KANGRIZHANZHENGSHIYICHANGRIBENDIGUOZHUYIYUMIEWANGZHONGGUO、ZHONGHUAMINZUWEISHENGCUNERZHANDEMINZUDUIJUE。ZAIGUOGONGJIECHENGKANGRITONGYIZHANXIANHOU, RIBENJUNDUICHENGWEIWOJUNDEZHUYAODIREN, RUHECHUZHIRIJUNZHANFUHETOUCHENGRENYUAN, MAOZEDONGJINXINGLEMINGQUEDEBIAOTAI。1936NIAN7YUE, MAOZEDONGJIESHOUMEIGUOJIZHESINUODECAIFANGSHIZHICHU:“BEIWOMENFULUHEJIECHUWUZHUANGDERIJUNGUANBINGJIANGSHOUDAOYOUDAI。WOMENBUHUISHASITAMEN, ERSHIHUIXIANGXIONGDINEIYANGDUIDAITAMEN。”[5]406ZHEISHIMAOZEDONGSHOUCIJIUWAIGUOZHANFUDEKUANDACHUZHIWENTIGONGKAIFABIAOYIJIAN。MIANDUIMINZUDADI, MIANDUIRIJUNDUIWOKANGRIGENJUDIDECANKU“SAODANG”YIJIWOGUOTONGBAODECANKUBAOXING, MAOZEDONGRENGNENGQINGXINGDIJIANGZUIEDERIBENJUNGUOZHUYIZHENGTIHECANZHANDERIBENSHIBINGGERENXIANGQUFEN, ZHEISHIJIJUZHANLVEYANGUANGDE。DANGYINGGUOJIZHEBEILANTEWENMAOZEDONGYOUDAIFULUDEZHENGCEDUIRIJUNSHIFOUYOUXIAOSHI, MAOZEDONGMINGQUEHUIDASHUO, JISHIRIJUNDUIBALUJUNSHIFANGDUQI, WOMENYERENGRANYAOKUANDAIFULU。“WOMENRENGRANBABEIFUDERIBENSHIBINGHEMOUXIEBEIPOZUOZHANDEXIAJIGANBUJIYIKUANDADAIYU, BUJIAWURU, BUSHIZEMA, XIANGTAMENSHUOMINGLIANGGUORENMINLIYIDEYIZHI, SHIFANGTAMENHUIQU”[2]381。XIANRAN, MAOZEDONGSHICONGGENGGAODEGUOJIZHUYICENGMIANKAOLVZHEIZHONGYOUDAIRIJUNZHANFUZHENGCEDEJIJIYIYI。

                      CHURIJUNYIWAI, BALUJUN、XINSIJUNHAIMIANLINZHESHULIANGZHONGDUODEWEIJUNYIJIBUFENGUOMINDANGWANGUPAIJUNDUIDEJINGONG, RUHECHULIBEIFUDEWEIJUNYIJIGUOMINDANGJUNDUIZHANFU, MAOZEDONGSHUODEYESHIFENQINGCHU:“DUIDIJUN、WEIJUN、FANGONGJUNDEFULU, CHUWEIQUNZHONGSUOTONGE、FEISHABUKEERYOUJINGSHANGJIPIZHUNDERENYIWAI, YINGYILVCAIQUSHIFANGDEZHENGCE。QIZHONGBEIPOCANJIA、DUOSHAODAIYOUGEMINGXINGDEFENZI, YINGDAPIDIZHENGQUWEIWOJUNFUWU, QITAZEYILVSHIFANG;RUQIZAILAI, ZEZAIZHUOZAIFANG;BUJIAWURU, BUSOUCAIWU, BUYAOZISHOU, YILVYICHENGKENHEQIDETAIDUDUIDAIZHI。”[2]767“BENJUNDUIYUFANGXIAWUQIDEJIANGJUNGUANBING, YILVBUSHABURU, YUANLIUZHESHOURONG, YUANQUZHEQIANSONG。”[8]1238MAOZEDONGDEZHEIYITAIDUBIAOMING, BUGUANSHIGUOMINDANGNAGEPAIXIDEJUNDUI, BAOKUOWANGWEIJUNDUI, ZHIYAOFANGXIAWUQIJIUNENGHUODEWOJUNYOUDAI, BAOZHENG“YILVBUSHABURU”。

                      ZAIJIEFANGZHANZHENGZHONG, YOUDAIFULUDEZHENGCEDUIYUWAJIEDIJUNGENGSHIQIDAOLEQIANSUOWEIYOUDEJUDAZUOYONG。YOUYUWOJUNRENZHENGUANCHEYOUDAIZHANFUDEZHENGCEHEJILV, HENDUOFULUBINGJINGGUOJIAOYU, RENQINGLERENMINJUNDUIDEBENZHIHEJIEFANGZHANZHENGDEYIYI, SIXIANGSHANGFASHENGLEJUDADEBIANHUA, ZHUDONGYAOQIUJIARURENMINJIEFANGJUN, ZHEIDUIWAJIEGUOMINDANGZHENYING、JIASUJIEFANGZHANZHENGSHENGLIDEJINCHENGCHANSHENGLEBUKEGULIANGDEYINGXIANG。

                      XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOU, MAOZEDONGRENGZAIDUOGECHANGHELVCITIDAOKUANDAIZHANFUDEWENTI, BUJINDUIGUONEIGAOJIGANBUTANDAOGUOZHEIGEWENTI, YEZAIHUIJIANWAIBINSHISHUOGUO。1950NIAN11YUE, MAOZEDONGZAIJIPENGDEHUAI、DENGHUADENGZHIYUANJUNLINGDAORENDEDIANBAOZHONGSHUO:“NIMENSHIFANGMEIFUDEXINGDONG, YIZAIGUOJISHANGSHOUDAOJIHAODEXIAOGUO。QINGZHUNBEIYUCICIZHANYIHOUZAISHIFANGYIDAPI, LIRUSANSIBAIREN。”[14]3671963NIAN8YUE, MAOZEDONGZAIHUIJIANYUENANLAODONGDANGNANFANGJUFUZERENSHISHUO:“YAOQUDESHENGLI, DIJUNGONGZUOHENZHONGYAO, FULUZHENGCEHENZHONGYAO。”[18]192“FUHUOHOUDUITAMENJINXINGXUANCHUAN、JIAOYU, RANHOUSHIFANG, ZHEIYANGHAO。”[18]240KEYISHUO, MAOZEDONGZHONGQIYISHENGDOURENWEIYOUDAIZHANFUWENTISHIYIGEYUANZEWENTI, WOJUNWULUNHESHIDOUBIXUJIANCHIZHEIYIYUANZE。

                      3.3、 惩办首要战犯并区别对待其他战犯是战争法则的必然要求

                      ZHANFUYUZHANFANSHIYOUQUBIEDE。YUJINZHINVEDAIZHANFUYIYANG, DUIZHANFANDEZUIXINGJINXINGFALVZHUIJIUTONGYANGSHIDANGDAIJUNSHIXINGFADEZHONGYAONEIRONG, TONGSHIYESHIDANGDAIZHANZHENGYUWUZHUANGCHONGTUFADEYAOQIU。MAOZEDONGGUANYUCHENGFAZHANFANDESIXIANGYUQIKUANDAIZHANFUDESIXIANGSHIBINGXINGBUBEIDE, ZHEIFANYINGCHUMAOZEDONGQINGCHUDIRENSHIDAOXUYAOZHUIJIUZHANZHENGFANZUIZERENDEZHISHIJISHAOSHUFADONGQINLVEZHANZHENGHEFANRENMINNEIZHANDESHOUYAOFENZI, YIJIJIANJUEZHIXINGZHANZHENGMINGLINGHUOZHEDUIZAOCHENGRENDAOZHUYIZAINANFUYOUZHIJIEZERENDEGAOJIGUANYUAN。DUIYUYIBANDECANJIAQINLVEZHANZHENGHENEIZHANDEDIJUNGUANBING, MAOZEDONGSHIBUZUOWEIZHANFANKANDAIDE, ZHEIYUMAOZEDONGYIGUANDEZHENGQUDADUOSHU、GULIJISHAOSHUDEDOUZHENGCELVESHIYIZHIDE。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZAOZAIKANGZHANSHENGLIHOUBUJIUDEGUOGONGTANPANZHONG, MAOZEDONGJIUDAIBIAOZHONGGONGZHONGYANGXIANGGUOMINDANGFANGMIANTICHUGUOCHENGFARIBENZHANFANHEHANJIANZUIFANDEYAOQIU。1949NIAN1YUE26RI, NANJINGZHENGFUXUANBURIBENZHONGGUOPAIQIANJUNZONGSILINGGANGCUNNINGCIJINGJUNSHIFATINGSHENPANHOUWUZUI, TONGDIANFABIAOHOU, YINQIQUANGUOYULUNHUARAN。MAOZEDONGZAI1YUE28RIFABIAOLE《ZHONGGONGFAYANRENGUANYUMINGLINGGUOMINDANGFANDONGZHENGFUZHONGXINDAIBUQIANRIBENQINHUAJUNZONGSILINGGANGCUNNINGCIHEDAIBUGUOMINDANGNEIZHANZUIFANDETANHUA》, QIZHONGZHICHU:“RIBENZHANFANQIANZHONGGUOPAIQIANJUNZONGSILINGGUANGANGCUNNINGCIDAJIANG, WEIRIBENQINHUAPAIQIANJUNYIQIEZHANZHENGZUIFANZHONGDEZHUYAOZHANZHENGZUIFAN, JINBEINANJINGGUOMINDANGFANDONGZHENGFUDEZHANFANJUNSHIFATINGXUANPANWUZUI;ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGHEZHONGGUORENMINJIEFANGJUNZONGBUSHENGMING:ZHEISHIBUNENGRONGXUDE。”[8]1394YOUCIKEJIAN, MAOZEDONGDUIYUCHENGFARIBENQINLVEJUNDESHOUYAOZHANFANSHIHAOBUHANHUDE, TEBIESHIDUIGANGCUNNINGCIZHEIYANGDEZHONGYAOZHANFAN, MAOZEDONGRENWEISHIYINGDANGYUYICHENGBANDE。DUIYUQITARIBENZHANFAN, MAOZEDONGRENWEITONGYANGYINGDANGRANGTAMENJIESHOUZHONGGUORENMINDESHENPAN, YAOQIUGUOMINDANGFANGMIANBUDE“SHANZISHIFANG”HUOZHE“ZONGLINGTAOYI”。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   DUIYUGUONEIZHANZHENGZHONGDEZHANFAN, MAOZEDONGYETICHUYINGDANGYUYICHENGBAN。GUANYUCHENGBANFADONGNEIZHANDEGUOMINDANGZHANFANDESHENGMING, ZUIZAOJIANYUMAOZEDONG1947NIANQINZIQICAODE《ZHONGGUORENMINJIEFANGJUNXUANYAN》。ZAIRENMINJIEFANGJUNLAKAIZHANLVEFANGONGXUMUDESHIHOU, 《XUANYAN》SHOUCITICHULE“DAIBU、SHENPANHECHENGBANYIJIANGJIESHIWEISHOUDENEIZHANZUIFAN”DEYAOQIU, BINGZHICHU:“DUIYUZUIDAEJIDENEIZHANHUOSHOUJIANGJIESHI, YIQIEJIANJUEZHUJIANGWEIE、CANHAIRENMIN、ERWEIGUANGDARENMINSUOGONGRENDEZHANZHENGZUIFAN, BENJUNBIJIANGZHUIXUNTAMENZHITIANYAHAIJIAO, WUSHIGUIANFABAN。”[8]1238《XUANYAN》BUJINSHOUCITICHULEZHUIJIU“NEIZHANZUIFAN”ZERENDEYAOQIU, ERQIETICHULE“SHOUEZHEBIBAN, XIECONGZHEBUWEN, LIGONGZHESHOUJIANG”DEFENBIECHULIYUANZE, DUIYUFENHUA、DAJIDIRENHEJIASUZHANZHENGJINCHENGQIDAOLEZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。ZHEIYECHENGWEIHOULAIWOGUOXINGSHIZHENGCEYINGDUIPUTONGXINGSHIFANZUIDEYUANZEZHIYI。TONGNIAN2YUE5RI, MAOZEDONGZAICIYIZHONGGONGFAYANRENDEMINGYIFABIAOLE《ZHONGGONGFAYANRENGUANYUHEPINGTIAOJIANBIXUBAOKUOCHENGBANRIBENZHANFANHEGUOMINDANGZHANFANDESHENGMING》, 《SHENGMING》ZHONGSHUO:“WOMENRENWEIBIXUZAIDIYIGETIAOJIANZHONGZENGJIACHENGBANRIBENZHANFANYIGEXIANGMU。......ZHEILIANGLEIZHANFANWENTIDOUDETANPAN, ZHEILIANGLEIZHANFANDOUDECHENGBAN。”[8]1402ZONGERYANZHI, YIMAOZEDONGWEIDAIBIAODEZHONGGONGLINGDAOJITIXIANGQUANGUORENMINFACHULECHENGBANRIBENZHANFAN、GUOMINDANGZHANFANDEYAOQIU, SHIQUANGUORENMINDUIZHANZHENGZUIXINGDELEJIEGENGJIASHENRU, BINGMANZULERENMINDEZHENGYIGAN, QIZHANFANSHENPANSHIJIANTUIDONGLEWOGUOJUNSHIFAHEXINGFADEFAZHAN。

                      4、 结语

                    星云棋牌官网下载   MAOZEDONGDEJUNSHIFASIXIANGSHIMAOZEDONGSIXIANGDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN, TAJIBUTONGYUMAOZEDONGDUICHUNJUNSHIWENTIDELUNSHU, YEBUTONGYUMAOZEDONGDUIQITAFALVWENTIDECHANSHU, ERSHIGUANYUZENYANGYONGZHIDU、GUIFANQUZHIDAOHEYUESHUJUNSHIHUODONGDEYIZHENGTAOFALVSIXIANGTIXI。ZUOWEIZHUOYUEDEZHENGZHIJIAHEJUNSHIJIA, MAOZEDONGDEJUNSHIFASIXIANGDAIYOUQIANGLIEDEZHENGZHIQIXIHESHIDAITEZHENG。MAOZEDONGJUNSHIFASIXIANGDESHOUYAOTEZHENGBIANSHISHIYONGXING, YONGJINRIDETONGSUYUYANSHUOJIUSHISHIFENJIEDIQI。PIRU“SANDAJILVBAXIANGZHUYI”, JIUZHUNQUEDIBAWOLEJUNDUIJILVDEXUYAOYUHONGJUNZHANSHIDELIJIENENGLI, DUIYUBAOCHIBUDUIDENINGJULIGONGBUKEMEI。MAOZEDONGJUNSHIFASIXIANGDELINGYIGETEZHENGJIUSHILINGHUOXING, JIGENJUZHENGZHIJUNSHIDOUZHENGDEXUYAOBUDUANDIAOZHENGJUNSHIFADENEIRONG。BIRUZHANZHENGFAZEZHONGDEZIWEIYUANZE, ZAIDIQIANGWORUODESHIHOU, MAOZEDONGQIANGDIAO“RENBUFANWO, WOBUFANREN”, BIANSHIWEILEBAOCHIZIJIDELILIANG, BIMIANGUOZAOYUDIJUEZHAN。DANZAIQUANGUOGEMINGXINGSHIFASHENGGENBENBIANHUAHOU, MAOZEDONGTICHUWUJIANGZHANFANZHUIJIUDAODI, YOUSHIWEILEGEMINGSHENGLIHOUQUDEZHENGZHIDOUZHENGDEZHUDONG。MAOZEDONGJUNSHIFASIXIANGDETEZHENGHAIZAIYUQUANJUXING, JIDUIYUJUNDUIDEZUZHIYUANZEHEZHIDU、JUNRENDEJILVHEZHIZE、JUNSHIFANZUIJIQICHENGFA、JUNSHIRENDAOZHUYIHEZHANZHENGFAZEDENGYOUGUANJUNSHIFADEHONGGUANHEWEIGUANWENTI, MAOZEDONGDOUYOUZIJIDUDAODEJIANJIE, TICHULEXUDUOZHEMINGDELUNDUAN, FANYINGLEQIJUNSHIFASIXIANGDEQUANMIANXING、ZONGHEXINGTEZHENG。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   MAOZEDONGZHANGQIZUOWEIDANG、ZHENG、JUNDEZUIGAOLINGDAO, TADEJUNSHIFASIXIANGSHENKEYINGXIANGLEDANGHEGUOJIADEJUNSHIFAZHIJIANSHE。MAOZEDONGGUANYUDANGDUIJUNDUIDEJUEDUILINGDAO、JUNDUIZHENGZHIGONGZUODEJIBENYUANZEYIJIJUNSHIZHIHUIQUANDEXIANGDUIJIZHONGDENGJUNSHIZUZHIFASIXIANG, ZHIJINRENGSHIZHIDAOWOJUNJIANSHEDEGENBENFANGZHEN。YOUMAOZEDONGDIANDINGJICHUDE“SANDAJILVBAXIANGZHUYI”, ZHIJINYERENGSHIWOJUNBAOGUIDEJINGSHENCAIFU, TONGSHIYESHIJUNSHIXINGZHENGFADEHEXINYULINGHUN。MAOZEDONGSUOCHANGDAODEJUNFACONGYAN、JUNRENCONGYANDEYUANZE, ZAIWOGUOJUNSHIXINGFAZHONGYOUQUANMIANDEFANYING。MAOZEDONGTICHUDEZHANZHENGZHONGDEZIWEIYUANZE、KUANDAIZHANFUYUANZEHECHENGBANZHANFANDESIXIANG, DUIGUOJIJUNSHIFADEFAZHANGENGSHIZUOCHULEZHONGYAODEGONGXIAN

                      参考文献

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                      [2]毛泽东.毛泽东选集:第2卷[M.北京:人民出版社, 1991.
                      [3] 毛泽东.毛泽东选集:第1卷[M].北京:人民出版社, 1991.
                      [4]侯鲁梁.毛泽东建军思想概论[M].北京:解放军出版社, 2007:294.
                      [5] 毛泽东.毛泽东文集:第1卷[M].北京:人民出版社, 1993.
                      [6]毛泽东.毛泽东军事文集:第1卷[M].北京:军事科学出版社, 中央文献出版社, 1993:342.
                      [7]中共中央文献研究室, 中国人民解放军军事科学院.建国以来毛泽东军事文稿:中卷[M].北京:军事科学出版社, 中央文献出版社, 2010.
                      [8] 毛泽东.毛泽东选集:第4卷[M].北京:人民出版社, 1991.
                      [9] 中共中央文献研究室.毛泽东年谱:1893-1949 (上卷) [M].北京:中央文献出版社, 2013.
                      [10] 中共中央文献研究室.毛泽东年谱:1893-1949 (中卷) [M].北京:中央文献出版社, 2013.
                      [11] 中共中央文献研究室.毛泽东传 (一) [M].北京:中央文献出版社, 2013.
                      [12] 毛泽东.毛泽东文集:第3卷[M].北京:人民出版社, 1993:337.
                      [13] 中共中央文献研究室.毛泽东传 (二) [M].北京:中央文献出版社, 2013:830.
                      [14] 中共中央文献研究室, 中国人民解放军军事科学院.建国以来毛泽东军事文稿 (上卷) [M].北京:军事科学出版社, 中央文献出版社, 2010.
                      [15] 中共中央文献研究室.毛泽东传 (三) [M].北京:中央文献出版社, 2013:1082.
                      [16]韩延龙, 常兆儒.革命根据地法制文献选编:中卷[M].北京:中国社会科学出版社, 2013.
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                      注释

                      1 ZHIYU“LIUXIANGZHUYI”SHIZAINAYIDUANSHIQIYIJIRUHEFAZHANWEI“BAXIANGZHUYI”DE, SHIXUEJIEHAIYOUZHENGYI。DANMEIYOUZHENGYIDESHI, ZAITUDIGEMING、HONGJUNZHANGZHENGYIJIKANGRIZHANZHENGQIJIAN, BUTONGGENJUDIHEJUNDUIZHONGGUANCHEZHIXINGDE“BAXIANGZHUYI”SHAOYOUBUTONG, YOUCICAICHANSHENGLEJIEFANGZHANZHENGSHIQIMAOZEDONGXIUDINGBINGBANBUQUANJUNTONGYIDE“SANDAJILVBAXIANGZHUYI”DELISHIBEIJING。

                      万志鹏.论毛泽东的军事法思想[J].西南石油大学学报(社会科学版),2019,21(04):69-77.
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