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                                SSCI中关于研究科技期刊的文献计量分析

                                时间:2018-06-26 来源:科技与出版 作者:秦美婷,王叶竹,周荣庭 本文字数:9242字

                                  摘    要: 本文采用文献计量学和CiteSpace知识图谱分析软件, 以1999-2017年发表在SSCI中的2 447篇以科技期刊为研究对象的论文为样本, 从科研产出、研究影响力、研究热点与趋势3个维度探讨目前研究科技期刊的现状, 为科技出版的研究和发展提供可借鉴的参考方向。

                                  关键词: 科技期刊; 文献计量学; 知识图谱; 科技传播;

                                星云棋牌官网下载   KEXUEJISHUQIKAN (YIXIAJIANCHENG“KEJIQIKAN”) ZUOWEIKEXUEZHISHICHUANBOHEXUESHUJIAOLIUDEZHONGYAOZAITI, ZAICUJINKEJICHUANGXIN、JILUKEYANCHENGGUO、FANYINGKEJIDONGTAI、CHUANBOKEXUEWENHUADENGFANGMIANZHANYOUJUZUQINGZHONGDEDIWEI。[1]KEJIQIKANSHIYICHUANBOZHENSHI、YUANSHIDEKEYANCHENGGUO, YIJIXUEKEHUOZHUYAOYANJIULINGYUDEZUIXINJINZHANHEFAZHANQUSHIWEINEIRONG。CHUCIZHIWAI, AlidoustiDENG[2]RENWEIKEJIQIKANSUOYOUDELUNWENZAIFABIAOZHIQIANDOUBIXUJINGYOUXIANGGUANLINGYUDETONGXINGJINXINGSHENCHAHETUIJIANFABIAO, QIEZHEIXIEQIKANDECHUBANSHANGYOUKEXUEJIGOU、XUEZHEHEZHUANJIAZUCHENG。GENJUWOGUOZAI1991NIANFABUSHISHIDE《KEXUEJISHUQIKANGUANLIBANFA》DEDIERTIAO:KEXUEJISHUQIKAN, JUYOUGUDINGKANMING、KANQI、NIANJUANHUONIANYUESHUNXUBIANHAO、YINSHUACHENGCE, YIBAODAOKEXUEJISHUWEIZHUYAONEIRONGDELIANXUCHUBANWU。TABAOKUOZONGHEXINGQIKAN、XUESHUXINGQIKAN、JISHUXINGQIKAN、JIANSUOXINGQIKANHEKEPUXINGQIKAN5ZHONG。[3]XIANGJIAOZHIXIA, GUOWAIDUIYUKEJIQIKANDEJIEDINGPIANZHONGYUXUESHUQIKANDEFANCHOU, ERGUONEIDUIKEJIQIKANDEJIEDINGHANGAILINGYUJIAOWEIGUANGFAN。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   GENJUKAOZHENG, GUOJISHANGDIYIZHONGZHENZHENGYONGYUXUESHUJIAOLIUDEQIKANSHIHENGLI·AODENGBOGEDENGRENYU1665NIAN3YUE6RICHUANGBANDEYINGGUOHUANGJIAXUEHUIHUIKAN—《ZHEXUEHUIKAN》 (《Philosophical Transactions of the Roya Society》) , YISHISHIJIESHANGZUIZAODEKEJIQIKANCHUXING。[4]CIHOUSHIJIEGEDIDEXUESHUQIKANZHUJIANXINGQI, ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGWEIRIHOUKEJIQIKANDECHUXIANDIANDINGLEJISHI。JINGGUOJIBAINIANDEFAZHAN, RUJINSHIJIESHANGDEKEJIQIKANSHULIANGPANGDA、ZHONGLEIFANDUO, KEJIQIKANDEZENGZHANGLVZHENGJINGLISHISHANGDIERCILANGCHAO。[5]GENJUJINNIANLAI《WULIXIGUOJIQIKANZHINAN》 (《Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory》) SUOSHOULUDEQUANQIUYUE23 000ZHONGTONGXINGPINGYIDEXUESHUQIKAN, MEIGUODEXUESHUQIKANZHAN34%, ZHONGGUODEQIKANYUEZHAN2%, [6]ZHONGGUOKEJIQIKANJINZHANDEKONGJIANRENGRANHENDA。

                                  WEIQUANFANGWEILEJIEGUOJIYIKEJIQIKANWEIYANJIUDUIXIANGDEYANJIUGAIKUANG, BENWENSHITUTONGGUOWENXIANJILIANGXUEHEZHISHITUPUDEFANGFA, TANTAOMUQIANYANJIUKEJIQIKANDEXIANZHUANG, WEIKEJICHUBANDEYANJIUHEFAZHANTIGONGKEJIEJIANDECANKAOFANGXIANG。

                                  1、 数据来源和数据收集

                                星云棋牌官网下载   Social Science Citation Index (YIXIAJIANCHENGSSCI) , SHIMEIGUOKEXUEQINGBAOYANJIUSUO (Institute for Scientific Information) JIANLIDEZONGHEXINGSHEHUIKEXUEYINWENSHUJUKU, SHOULUSHEHUIKEXUE50DUOGEHEXINXUEKELINGYUDE3 000DUOZHONGJUBEIYINGXIANGLIDEQIKANLUNWENXINXI, SHIDANGJINSHEHUIKEXUELINGYUZHONGYAODEQIKANJIANSUOHELUNWENCANKAOQUDAO, WEISHEHUIKEXUELINGYUDEYANJIUTIGONGLEYIGELIANGHAODEGUOJIJIAOLIUPINGTAI。YOUYUYANJIUKEJIQIKANDELUNWENDALIANGFABIAOZAISHEHUIKEXUELINGYU, WEIBAOZHENGSHOUJIDESHUJUJUYOUQUANMIANXING、ZHUNQUEXINGHEJIAOGAODEJIESHIDU, GUBENWENYIWeb of Science (WOS) DEZISHUJUKUSSCIZUOWEISHUJULAIYUAN。

                                SSCI中关于研究科技期刊的文献计量分析

                                  YOUYUBENWENZHUYAOYANJIUDESHIYIKEJIQIKANWEIYANJIUDUIXIANGDELUNWEN, KEJIQIKANDUIYINGDEYINGWENYICIFENGFUDUOYANG, WEIKONGGUAYILOUWAN, YU2018NIAN2YUE3RIJINRUSSCI, ZAICHAYUESHUJUKUSHIJIANG“KEJIQIKAN”DECHANGYONGYINGWENYICIYIYILIEJU, JIANSUOCELVEWEI“TS= (scientificjournal OR science-journal OR academicjournal OR scholarly-journal OR scientificand-technical-journal OR scientific-periodical OR science-periodical OR academic-periodical OR scholarly-periodical OR scientific-andtechnical-periodical) ”, GONGHUO3 019PIANLUNWEN, JINYIBUJIANGLUNWENLEIXINGSUODINGWEI“article”, BINGTICHUWUZUOZHE14PIAN, ZUIZHONGHUO2 447PIANYOUXIAOLUNWENYANGBEN, QIESUOYOUYANGBENZHONGtitles、research areas、author names、author keywords、abstract、source country/territory、references and citationsJIEBEITIQUCHULAIBAOCUNWEI.txtWENBENGESHI, ZUOWEIHOUWENFENXIDEYUANSHISHUJUYANGBEN。YOUYUSSCISHOULUQIKANZUIZAODESHIJIANSHICONG1999NIANKAISHI, GUBENWENXUANQUDESHIJIANKUADUWEI1999-2017NIAN。

                                  2、 研究方法

                                星云棋牌官网下载   WENXIANJILIANGXUESHIZHITONGGUODINGLIANGFENXIHETONGJI, SHENRULEJIEGEGEYANJIULINGYUDEFAZHANQUSHI, ZUIZAOYOUPritchard[7]TICHU。WENXIANJILIANGXUEZUOWEIYIZHONGLIANGHUAYANJIUDEFANGFA, YIFANGMIANKEYIYONGLAIPINGGUGEREN、YANJIUJIGOU、GUOJIADENGDUIYUMOUGEYANJIULINGYUDEZHENGTIGONGXIAN, LINGYIFANGMIANTONGGUOZHANSHIDEYANJIUJIEGOUHEDONGTAISHUZILAIYUCEWEILAIDEYANJIUQUSHIHEYANJIUFANGXIANG。[8]YINWENSHUJUYUKEXUEZHISHITUPUZUOWEIWENXIANJILIANGXUEZHONGZHONGYAODEZUCHENGBUFEN, ERZHEJIEHEKEYIJINYIBUQUEDINGYANJIURENYUAN、XUESHUJIGOUYIJIGUOJIAQUYUZHIJIANDEHEZUOGUANXI, TONGSHIYIKEYILIANGHUAYANJIUCHENGGUODEYINGXIANGLI。QIZHONG, KEXUEZHISHITUPUZHIDESHILIYONGKESHIHUADEFANGFA, JIANGMOUGELINGYUDEFAZHANJINCHENGHEJIEGOUGUANXITONGGUOTUSHIFANGFAZHIGUANDICHENGXIANCHULAI。ZAIZHISHITUPUZHONG, XUEKEQIANYANZHIJIANDEJIAOHUGUANXISHIYIKONGJIANDEXINGSHIZHANXIANCHULAIDE。[9]

                                  ZAISHUJUCHULIBUFEN, BENWENJIEHEWOSDEJourna C i t a t i o n R e p o r t (J C R) XIANGGUANSHUJU, LIYONGMicrosoft ExcelZUOWEISHUJUJIBENCHULIDERUANJIAN;ZHISHITUPUBUFENZETONGGUOCiteSpaceJINXINGHUIZHI, GAIRUANJIANYOUMEIGUODELEIKESAIERDAXUEXINXIKEXUEYUJISHUXUEYUANDECHENCHAOMEIJIAOSHOUYANFA, KEYITONGGUOJULEIFENXI、SHEHUIWANGLUOFENXI、DUOWEICHIDUFENXIDENGFANGFAJINXINGXINXIDEKESHIHUA, JINERTANCEXUEKEZHISHILINGYUFAZHANMAILUO、YANJIUREDIANHEWEILAIQUSHI。[10]YUQITAKESHIHUADELUNWENJILIANGGONGJUXIANGBI, CiteSpaceBUJINKEYIGOUJIANBUTONGSHIQIDELUNWENJILIANGWANGLUOTUPU, HAIKEYIJIANCEHEKESHIHUATURANBAOFADECIZU (Burst Terms) HEZHONGJIEZHONGXINXING (Betweenness Centrality) , CONGERSHIBIEMOUYILINGYUFAZHANDEXINXINGQUSHI、GENBENXINGDEZHUANBIANYIJIZHONGDADEZHUANZHEDIAN。[11]BENWENTONGGUODUIXIANGGUANSHUJUDEWAJUEHEKEXUEJILIANGFENXI, SHITUXUNZHAOGAILINGYUDEZHISHIMAILUO, YIQINENGJINYIBUBAWOGAILINGYUYANJIUDEFAZHANQUSHIHEQIANYANREDIAN。

                                  3、 结果与讨论

                                  3.1、 科研产出分析

                                  CONGCAIJIDEYANGBENZHONGKEYIFAXIAN, ZUIZAOJINXINGXIANGGUANYANJIUDESHIRamírezDENG[12]YU2000NIANFABIAODE《DUIYINGXIANGYINZIZHONGXINGUIGEHUA》 (《Renormalized Impact Factor》) YIWEN, GAIWENRENWEIYINGXIANGYINZISHIPINGPANKEJIQIKANYINGXIANGLIDEZHONGYAOLIANGHUACANSHUZHIYI, BINGTICHUYIZHONGJIYUWULIANGGANGWULICANSHU (dimensionless physica parameters) DINGYI, QIFALEDUIYINGXIANGYINZIDEZHONGXINGUIGEHUA, GAIYINZIYUNXUBUTONGLEIBIEQIKANZHIJIANBIJIAO, TONGSHIYIKEDUIGAIQIKANZAIGAILINGYUDEZUOYONGJINXINGSHIJIANWEIDUDEYANBIANFENXI。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   FENXITU1LUNWENSHULIANGTONGJIYUQUSHITUHOUFAXIAN, LUNWENSHULIANGCONG2000NIANDE49PIANZENGZHANGDAO2017NIANDE224PIAN, QIZHONG2008NIANYOUYICIDUANZANDEHUILUO, SUIHOUZAI2009NIANXIANZHEZENGZHANG。GENJULINIANLEIJILUNWENZENGZHANGSHU, NIHECHUFANGCHENGMOXING (JIANTU2) 。FANGCHENGSHIWEI:y=6.97285x2-27867.12765x+27842900 (r2>0.999) 。QIZHONGyBIAOSHILEIJILUNWENSHULIANG, xBIAOSHINIANFEN, r2WEIKEJUEXISHU, r2ZHIYUEGAO, BIAOSHIFANGCHENGDENIHECHENGDUYUEHAO。GENJUGAIFANGCHENGMOXING, KEYIYUCE2018NIANDELUNWENSHULIANGYUE2 753PIAN, SHI2000NIANLUNWENSHULIANGDE56BEI (2753/49) 。

                                  图1 论文数量统计与趋势
                                图1 论文数量统计与趋势

                                  图2 科研产出拟合曲线图
                                图2 科研产出拟合曲线图

                                  3.2、 科研影响力分析

                                  2 447PIANLUNWENFENBUYU933ZHONGQIKANZHIZHONG, GONGJI110GEXUEKEFENLEI, PINGJUNMEIGEQIKANDEZAIWENLIANGWEI2.6PIAN, QIZHONGDIYUPINGJUNZHIDEQIKANYOU840ZHONG, ZHAN90.0% (840/933) 。PAIMINGQIAN20 (YIXIACHENGTOP20) DEQIKAN (JILUNWENSHULIANG>15PIAN) DEPINGJUNBEIYINYONGCISHUWEI10.2 (JIANBIAO1) 。

                                  ZHIDEGUANZHUDESHI, GENJUWOSDEXUEKEFENLEI, FAXIAN“XINXIKEXUEHETUSHUGUANXUE”LEI (Information Science&Library Science) DELUNWENCHANCHULIANGZHANJUZHUDAODIWEI。ZAITOP20DEQIKANZHONG, YOU16GEQIKANSHUYUGAIXUEKELINGYU, ZHAN80% (16/20) , YANZHENGLE“BULAFUDE-JIAFEIERDEFAZE” (XUESHUXINXIDE20-80GUILV) , 20%DEQIKANHUIJILEZUGOUDEXINXIYIQUANMIANFANYINGKEJIDEZUIXINQIEZUIZHONGYAODECHENGGUOYUJINZHAN。[13]TONGSHI, BENWENJINYIBUFENXIFAXIAN, ZHEI20ZHONGQIKANZHONGWEIYUYIQUDEYOU4ZHONG, ERQU、SANQUGE3ZHONG, SIQU5ZHONG, WEIYUYIQUQIKANDEFAWENLIANGZHAN42.8% (399/933) , YUEZHANZONGSHUDEYIBAN。

                                  《Scientometrics》 (《KEXUEJILIANGXUE》) HE《Journal of Informetrics》 (《XINXIJILIANGXUE》) SHIZHIMINGDEJILIANGXUEQIKAN, ZAIKEYANCHANCHUSHANG, FENBIEWEILIEDI1HEDI4, FAWENZONGLIANGWEI246PIAN, CONGCEMIANFANYINGCHUYANJIUKEJIQIKANDEFAWENLIANGYUQIKANDEPAIMING、LUNWENZHILIANGHEYINGXIANGLIZHIJIANDEMIQIEGUANXI。QIZHONG, 《Scientometrics》TICHUZIYINHOU, BEIYINPINCIGAODA3 776CI, SHIPINGJUNBEIYINPINCI534.5DE7BEI。RUOYAOJINYIBULEJIE《Scientometrics》QIKANDEYINGXIANGLI, KEYIGUANCHAhZHISHU (h-index) 。hZHISHUZUOWEIFANYINGYIGERENHUOYIFENQIKAN、YIGEGUOJIAHUODIQUDEXUESHUCHENGJIUDEZHONGYAOHENGLIANGZHIBIAO, hZHIYUEGAO, BIAOMINGLUNWENDEYINGXIANGLIYUEDA。[14]GENJUBENWENTONGJIXIANSHI, GAIKANhZHISHUWEILIEDIYI, SHIPINGJUNhZHISHU9.6DE3.4BEI, BIAOMING《Scientometrics》ZAIKEJIQIKANYANJIULINGYUXUESHUYINGXIANGLIZHIDA, DUIYUYANJIUZHEJUYOUZHONGYAODEQIFAZUOYONGYUXUEXIJIAZHI。

                                  表1 科研产出TOP20期刊
                                表1 科研产出TOP20期刊

                                  ZHU: (1) PINGJUNYINYONGPINCIHANZIYINYUTAYIN; (2) BENBIAOYIZHAOPIANSHUPAIXU, RUOPIANSHUYIYANG, ZEANhZHISHUPAIXU。

                                  CIWAI, WENXIANDIAOYANFAXIAN, GUONEIYANJIUKEJIQIKANDELUNWENZHUYAOFABIAOZAI“BIANJICHUBANLEI”DEQIKAN, ERGUOJIZHUYAOJIZHONGZAI“XINXIKEXUEYUTUSHUGUANXUE”LEI。GUOWAIDUIBIANJICHUBANFANGXIANGDEQIKANBINGWUDANDUGUILEI, DANBENWENFAXIANZAI“XINXIKEXUEYUTUSHUGUANXUE”LINGYUZHONGQUEHANGAIBIANJICHUBANFANGXIANGDEQIKAN。TONGGUOJINYIBUFENXIFAXIAN, GUOJIGONGRENPAIMINGQIAN3DEBIANJICHUBANFANGXIANGDEQIKANSHI《Learned Publishing》 (《XUESHUCHUBAN》) 、《Journal of Scholarly Publishing》 (《XUESHUCHUBANZAZHI》) HE《Serials Review》 (《QIKANPINGLUN》) , ZHEI3ZHONGQIKANZAIKEJIQIKANYANJIUFANGXIANGDEFAWENLIANGPAIMINGYIJIAOWEIKAOQIAN, FENBIESHIDI2、DI5YUDI8WEI, SANZHEHEJIGONGFABIAOLUNWEN164PIAN, FANYINGCHUWULUNSHIZAIGUONEIHAISHIGUOWAI, BIANJICHUBANDUIGAIYITIDEYANJIUJIEJUYOUJIAOGAODEGUANZHUDU。

                                  JINYIBUDUIT O P 2 0QIKANDESUOSHUGUOJIATONGJIFAXIAN, FADAGUOJIABIAOXIANYOUWEITUCHU, ZHANJUZHUDAODIWEI。FAZHANZHONGGUOJIASUIZHANYOUYIXIZHIDI, LIRUBAXIHEMOXIGE, DANGEXIANGZHIBIAOXISHUDOUMINGXIANDIYUPINGJUNZHI, QIEZIYINPINCIJIAOGAO。QIZHONG, BAXIDE《Perspectivas Em Ciencia Da Informacao》 (《XINXIKEXUEDEFAZHANQIANJING》) ZAI2012NIANZHIHOUBEISSCITICHU, ERMOXIGEDE《Investigacion Bibliotecologica》 (《TUSHUGUANXUEYANJIU》) SUIJISHENTop20ZHILIE, DANZIYINLVDADAO25.0%, YUESHIPINGJUNZHI5.3%DE5BEI, SHUOMINGFAZHANZHONGGUOJIAQIKANDEGUOJIXUESHUYINGXIANGLIYUFADAGUOJIAXIANGBICHAJUPODA。

                                  4、 研究热点与趋势分析

                                  4.1 、研究热点分析

                                  FENXIBUTONGSHIQIZUOZHEGUANJIANCISHIFENXIYANJIUREDIANCHANGYONGDEWENXIANJILIANGXUEFANGFA, YOUZHUYUXUEKEFANGXIANGDEQUELI, BINGBEIZHENGMINGKEYIYOUXIAODIZHANGWOKEXUEXINLINGYUDEJINZHAN。[15]XIANGJIAOYUCHUANTONGDEGAOPINCIFENXI, TUXIANZHUTISHUYUGENGSHIHETANCEXUEKEFAZHANDEXINXINGQUSHIHETURANBIANHUA。[16]ZAICiteSpaceZHONG, TONGGUORUANJIANZIDAIDETUXIANJIANCE (Burst Detection) SUANFA, JIANGSOUSUOGUANJIANCISHAICHUHOUZAIJIANGTONGYIGUANJIANCIHEBING, DECHUYANJIUKEJIQIKANLUNWENDE“TUXIANCI”XINXIBIAO, JIANBIAO2。JIEGUOXIANSHI, YANJIUKEJIQIKANDEXIANGGUANLUNWENCHUQIZHUYAOJUJIAOYUDIANZIQIKAN (electronic journal) HEDIANZICHUBAN (electronic publishing) , CIJIEDUANDEGUANJIANCI“YINGXIANGYINZI” (impact factor) CHENGXIANCHUJIAOGAODETUXIANDU。BIAOMING, YANJIUKEJIQIKANDELUNWENZAOQIZHUYAOJUJIAOYUQIKANDEYINGXIANGYINZIHEPINGJIATIXISHANG。2004—2008NIANQIJIAN, KEYANGUANLI (management) HEJIAOYU (education) CHENGXIANCHUJIAOGAODETUXIANDU。

                                  2009—2010NIAN, BUSHAOXUEZHEJIANGMUGUANGTOUXIANGSANDASHUJUKU (WOS/Scoups/GoogleScholar) ZHIJIANDEDUIBIYANJIU[17], YIYOUYIXIEXUEZHEDUIZHEIXIESHUJUKUDEPINGJIAZHIBIAOJINXINGLETAOLUNYUYANJIU[18]。ZHIDEGUANZHUDESHI, CIJIEDUANKAIFANGHUOQU (open access) CHENGWEIXUEZHEYANJIUDEREDIAN。ZHEIKENENGYU20SHIJI90NIANDAIYILAI, SUIZHEHULIANWANGJISHUDEYINRU, XUESHUCHUBANXITONGJINGLILEXIANGDANGDADEBIANHUA, ZAIXIANCHUBANDEKEJIQIKANSHULIANGYUELAIYUEDUO, SUIZHIERLAIDESHIKAIFANGHUOQUDEQIKANBUDUANZENGJIA, ZHI2000NIANYIJINGYOUYIXIEGUIMOJIAODADEOACHUBANSHANG, LIRUBioMed Central、Public Library of Science、Hindawi、Bentham Open。CIJIEDUANYOUXUEZHEYIUlrich’s、Web of Science、ScopusHEDOAJDENGSHUJUKUTIGONGDEQIKANLIEBIAOWEIZHUYAODEYANJIUDUIXIANG, DUISUOYOUKAIFANGHUOQUDELUNWENJINXINGTONGJIYUFENXI, YANJIUJIEGUOBIAOMING, KAIFANGHUOQUDUIKEJIQIKANLUNWENDEKEHUODEXINGYIJINGCHANSHENGLEXIANZHEDEZHENGMIANYINGXIANG, BUTONGXUEKEZAIKAIFANGHUOQUSHANGCUNZAIZHEJIAODADECHAYI。[19]

                                  表2 研究科技期刊之关键词共现网络“突现词”信息表
                                表2 研究科技期刊之关键词共现网络“突现词”信息表

                                星云棋牌官网下载   2011—2012NIANQIJIAN, MEIYOUTUXIANXINDEYANJIUQIANYAN, ZHUYAOHAISHIJIZHONGYUQIKANPINGJIAZHIBIAOTIXIDEBUCHONGHEWANSHAN。2013NIANZHIHOU, SUIZHESHEHUIHUAMEITILANGCHAOHEDASHUJUSHIDAIDELAILIN, SHEJIAOMEITIYUKEJICHUBANZHIJIANDELIANXIYERIJIANTUXIAN, CHENGWEIXINDEYANJIUFANGXIANG, CIJIEDUANsocial mediaCHENGWEIZHONGYAODETUXIANGUANJIANCI。XUDUOGUOJIDAXINGKEJIQIKANCHUBANSHANGDEBINGGOUZHIJUSHENKEFANYINGLEKEJICHUBANLINGYUDEXINXINGQUSHI。2013NIAN, ZHEMINGXUESHUCHUBANSHANGAISIWEIER (Elsevier) SHOUGOUZAIXIANXUESHUSHEJIAOPINGTAIMendeley。ZAIGAIPINGTAISHANG, SHIJIEGEDIDEKEYANRENYUANJUNNENGGOUJIANGSOUSUODAODEXUESHULUNWENTIANJIAZHIGERENTUSHUGUANJINXINGBIANJI、GUANLI, BINGQIEKEYIANZHAOYANJIULINGYUZUCHENGXINGQUXIAOZU, GONGXIANGXIANGGUANKEYANXINXI。CIHOU, AISIWEIERYOUSHOUGOULEXUESHUXINXIPINGTAINewsflo, GAIPINGTAIBUJINKEYIWEIYANJIUZHEGERENHEYANJIUJIGOUTIGONGKUAMEIJIEDEXUESHUYINGXIANGLIPINGJIAFUWU, HAIKEYIWEIGERENYONGHUTIGONGMEIJIETIXINGDENG。[20]

                                  WULUNSHI“KAIFANGHUOQU”PINGTAIDEDALITUIGUANGHAISHISHEJIAOMEITIYUKEJICHUBANDEJIEHE, JUNSHUOMING“HULIANWANG+”HEDASHUJUWEIKEJIQIKANCHUBANZHURULEXINDEHUOLI, YIDAILAILEXINDEYANJIUFANGXIANG。MIANDUICIXINGSHI, KEJICHUBANSHANGDEYINGDUIZHICESHIBUDUANDIKAITUOCHUANGXINBINGJIJIXINAXINDEKEJIZHISHIYIYINGDUIXINDEBIANHUA, KEXUEYANJIUYEYINGYUSHIJUJIN。

                                  4.2、 研究趋势分析

                                  ZAICiteSpaceZHONG, TONGGUODUISHOUJIDELUNWENJINXINGZHAIYAO、GUANJIANCI、GUANJIANCIplusTIQU, DEDAORUTU3SUOSHIDETUPU, QIZHONG, SEKUAIBIAOSHISHIJIANDEYANJINMAILUO, YINWENBAOFADEZHONGYAOJIEDIANLUNWENZEYICUHEIZITIJINXINGBIAOJI, JIEDIANZHIJIANDELIANXIANBIAOSHILUNWENJIANDEYINYONGGUANXI。GENJUMEIGEJIQUNDEYINYONGSHULIANG, ANSHENGXUPAILIE, JIXUHAOYUEXIAOBIAOSHIGAIJIQUNNEIDELUNWENBEIYINYONGCISHUYUEDUO。CONGJULEITUPUZHONGKEYIGUANCHADAOYANJIUKEJIQIKANDELUNWENZHUYAOJINGLILEQISHIJIEDUAN、BAOFAJIEDUANHECHENGSHUJIEDUANSANGEJIEDUAN。

                                  图3 研究科技期刊论文的聚类
                                图3 研究科技期刊论文的聚类

                                  4.2.1、 起始阶段 (2000—2004年)

                                星云棋牌官网下载   ZUIDADEJULEICluster#0BAOHAN51TIAOCANKAOLUNWEN, DAIBIAO21SHIJICHUDEZHUYAOYANJIUCHENGGUO。QIZHONG, BEIYINYONGPINCIZUIDUODESHIBILISHIXUEZHERousseauYU2002NIANFABIAODE《QIKANPINGGU:JISHUHESHIJIANWENTI》 (《Journa Evaluation:Technical and Practical Issues》) YIWEN, ZHUYAOTANTAOKEJIQIKANPINGJIAZHIBIAODEYANJIUGAIKUANG, QIANGDIAOXIANCUNDEQIKANPINGJIAZHIBIAODOUYOUQIYOUQUEDIANHESHIYONGFANWEI。ZAICIJICHUSHANGTICHUHENGLIANGYIBENQIKANDEZHILIANGYOULIE, ZUIHAOSHIYONGYIZUZHIBIAO (BAOHANJIGEYINGXIANGYINSU) , BINGGENJUYANJIUDEMUDESHISHIDIAOZHENGZHIBIAO, [21]GAIWENQIJINWEIZHIYIJINGBEIYINYONGSHANGBAICI。CIWAI, 51PIANLUNWENZHONGYOU14PIANLUNWEN (ZHAN27.5%) DEBIAOTIHUOGUANJIANCIBAOHAN“China”HUO“Chinese”。JINYIBUFENXI, ZHEI14PIANLUNWENZHUYAOJIZHONGTANTAOZHONGGUODEKEYANCHANCHUHEZAISHIJIEWUTAISHANGDEDIWEI, BIAOMINGYANJIUKEJIQIKANDEZHONGGUOXUEZHEYIKAISHIZAIGUOJISHANGZHANLUTOUJIAO, QIZHONGZHONGGUOXUEZHERENSHENGLI (Ren S L) YURousseauHEZUODE《ZHONGGUOKEJIQIKANDEGUOJIZHIMINGDU》 (《International visibility of Chinese scientific journals》) YIWENBEIYINYONG14CI, ZAICluster#0ZHONGBEIYINYONGCISHUJUYUSHOUWEI。FANYINGCHU21SHIJIYIHOU, SUIZHEWOGUOKEJISHILIDEDAFUTISHENG, ZHENGFUDUIKEJIQIKANDEZHENGCEFUCHIYIJIKEYANJINGFEIDEDALIANGTOURU, SHIDEWOGUOKEJIQIKANDEFAZHANZHUJIANSHOUDAOSHIJIEGUANZHU。

                                  4.2.2、 爆发阶段 (2005—2011年)

                                  CIJIEDUANYANJIUZHONGDIANWEIQIKANYINGXIANGYINZI、QIKANPINGJIAZHIBIAOYIJIQIKANPAIMINGDEYINGXIANGYINSUDENG。JUTIERYAN, MEIGUOWULIXUEJIAHirschZAI2005NIANTICHUhZHISHUYONGYU“PINGJIAKEXUEJIADEKEYANJIXIAO”, JIANGJIDINGKEXUEJIAFABIAODELUNWENSHULIANGYUZHEIXIELUNWENDEYINYONGCISHUJIEHECHENGDANYICANSHU[22]。hZHISHUHOULAIYIBEIYONGLAIPINGJIAQIKANZHILIANG、LUNWENZHILIANG、PINGPANGUOJIAYIJIXUESHUJIGOUDENG, GAIWENZIFABIAOZHI2017NIAN, YIBEIYINYONGCHAOGUO3 000CI, CHENGWEIYANJIUKEJIQIKANBEIYINCISHUZUIGAODELUNWEN。SUIHOUDAPIKEXUEJILIANGZHISHUZAIhZHISHUDEJICHUSHANGXIANGJICHUXIAN, BAOKUOgZHISHU[23]、hcZHISHU[24]、πvZHISHU[25]DENG, DANSHIMUQIANhZHISHURENGRANSHIQUANWEISHUJUKUSHIYONGZUIDUODEPINGJIAZHIBIAO。

                                  4.2.3、 成熟阶段 (2012—2017年)

                                星云棋牌官网下载   GENJUTU3, Cluster#14ZUOWEIXINJINFABIAODELUNWENJULEI, GAIJULEIDELUNWENPINGJUNFABIAONIANXIANDAZHIJIZHONGZAI2011NIANHE2012NIAN。GENJUCiteSpaceZIDAIDELLRSUANFATIGONGDEJULEIGUANJIANCIlis journal/journal ranking, JINYIBUGUANCHA, GAIJULEIDELUNWENJUJIAOYUKEJIQIKANDEPINGGU、PAIMINGHEPINGJIADEXIANGGUANYANJIU, QIZHONGDADUOSHUSHIDUIQIANRENDEQIKANPINGJIAZHIBIAOJINXINGYOUHUAHEBUCHONG, LIRUGuerrero-BoteDENGZAI2012FABIAODELUNWEN《ZAICELIANGQIKANDEKEXUESHENGWANGFANGMIANYOUXIANGQIANMAIJINLEYIBU:SJR2ZHIBIAO》 (《A further step forward in measuring journals’scientific prestige:the SJR2indicator》) [26], JIZAIQIANRENSUOTIDESJRZHIBIAODEJICHUSHANGJINYIBUTICHUSJR2ZHIBIAO。ZHIDEGUANZHUDESHI, DUOSHULUNWENSHIJIYUMOUYITEDINGFANGXIANGZHONGDEKEJIQIKANJINXINGDUIBIYANJIU, LIRUTUSHUGUANXINXIGUANLILEI、YIXUELEI、NONGYELEIDEKEJIQIKANDEBIJIAOYANJIU。CIWAI, ZHISHIGUANLI、ZHISHIZIBEN、ZHISHIMAOYI (knowledge trading) DENGGUANJIANCIZHUJIANZENGDUO, YOUXINGQIZHISHI, LIRUYOUXUEZHEPINGGUQIKANDELAIYUANYUZHISHIMAOYIZHIJIANDEXIANGGUANXING, BINGFAXIANQUANWEIQIKANDUIZHISHIMAOYIJUYOUXIANZHEYINGXIANG[27]。

                                  ZONGSHANG, MUQIANGUANYUKEJIQIKANDEZHONGYAOYANJIUCHENGGUOZHUYAOJIZHONGYUZHONGQI, XIANJIEDUANMEIYOUGEMINGXINGDEYANJIUTUPO, DANYIYOUXUEZHEKAISHIJINXINGKUALINGYUDECHANGSHIYUCHUANGXIN, LIRUDUIZHISHIGUANLI、ZHISHIZIBENHUOZHISHIMAOYIYUKEJIQIKANZHIJIANDEXIANGGUANXINGJINXINGTANTAO。

                                  5、 讨论研究

                                  JINNIANLAI, XUEZHEYUELAIYUEYISHIDAOYANJIUKEJIQIKANFAZHANDEZHENGTIGUIJISHIBIYAODE, DANSHIXIANYOUDEYANJIUWANGWANGCEZHONGYUQIKANDELEIBIE (LIRUTUSHUGUANXUE、YIXUE、NONGXUE) HUOMOUYIZHUTI (LIRUYINGXIANGYINZI、QIKANPAIMING) , HUOMOUYIGUOJIAHUODIQUDEKEJIQIKANYANJIUGAIKUANG (LIRUYISELIE、XIBANYA、ZHONGGUODENG) 。ZHEIXIEDIAOCHAYANJIUTIGONGLEYIXIEJUYOUZHENDUIXINGQIEJIAOWEISHENRUDEGUANDIAN, DANSHIQUESHAODUIKEJIQIKANLUNWENDEZHENGTIGAIKUANGYANJIUYUQUANFANGWEIDESHULIYUFENXI。TONGGUOFENXIGUOJIYANJIUKEJIQIKANDEZHISHITUPUFAXIAN, YOUJIFANGMIANZHIDEJIEJIAN。

                                  (1) CONGKEYANCHANCHUZHONGTOUXIYANJIUYINGXIANGLIDEBUZU。2000—2017NIANZAIYANJIUKEJIQIKANDELUNWENZHONGFAXIAN, BEIMEIHEOUZHOUDEFAWENLIANGDUOQIEYINGXIANGLIDA, HEZUOCHENGDUMINGXIANJIAOGAO, ERZHONGGUODEFAWENLIANGDIQIEWEIYUYIQUDELUNWENGENGSHIXISHAO, LUNWENDEBEIYINLVYEJIAODI, SHUOMINGJIXUTIGAOWOGUOKEYANRENYUANDELUNWENZHILIANGHESHULIANG, JINERTISHENGWOGUOKEJILUNWENDEGUOJINENGJIANDUBINGSHISHIDIZHANXIANKEYANSHILI。WOGUOMUQIANJUBEIGUOJIZHONGLIANGJIDEHEXINYANJIUYIRANJINQUE, XIANGDUIBEIYINYONGDEGAILVJIAODI, JISHIGUOJIADUIKEJIQIKANDEZHICHILIDUBUJIAN, FAWENLIANGYIPODUO, DANSHIJUEDABUFENDELUNWENZHUYAOTOUGAOZHIGUONEIBIANJICHUBANLEIQIKAN。YINCI, YINGJIADAXIANGGUOWAIQIKANDETOUGAO, KUODAGUOJIYINGXIANGLI, TONGSHIYIYINGJIAQIANGGUOJIADIQUJIANDEHEZUO, TEBIESHIBEIMEIHEOUZHOUGUOJIA, JINERTIGAOWOGUOZAIGAILINGYUDEYANJIUSHUIPING。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   (2) CONGYANJIUFANGXIANGZHONGSHENSIGUOJIYANJIUDEREDIANYUQUSHI。BENWENFAXIAN, GUOJIYANJIUKEJIQIKANDEXIANGGUANLUNWENZHUYAOJIZHONGFABIAOYU“XINXIKEXUEYUTUSHUGUANXUE”LINGYUDEQIKAN, YANJIUJUJIAOYUQIKANDEYINGXIANGYINZIHEPINGJIAZHIBIAOTIXI, ERCIFANGXIANGDEYANJIUYICHIXUSHUNIAN, BINGDULINGFENGCHAO。SUIJINNIANLAIGUANYUGAILINGYUDEYANJIUYOULEXINYILUNDETANSUO, LIRUKEJICHUBANYUSHEJIAOMEITI、KEJICHUBANYUZHISHIMAOYIDEJIEHEDENG, DANSHISHANGWEIYOUJIJUTUPOXINGHUOZHANXINSHIJIAODEYANJIUCHUXIAN, ZAICIBIAOMINGGAILINGYUPOQIEXUYAORONGHEDANGDAIKEJIYUCHUANGXINFAZHANDEYANJIUYITI。XIANGJIAOYUGUOJIYANJIUDEJIAOQIANGJUJIAOXINGYUTANSUOXING, GUONEIZAIGAINIANHEXIANGGUANYANJIUFANCHOUDEJIEDINGSHANGZEQUYUKUANFAN, ZHURUQIKANDEFENGMIAN、QIKANDEMEIJIERONGHE、YUNYINGMOSHIDENGJUNBEINARUYANJIUDEFANCHOUZHIZHONG, RUOYAOZAIGUOJIXUESHUZHONGQUDEYIXIZHIDI, JIBIANYOUJIANQIANGDEGUOLIWEIHOUDUN, WOGUOKEJIQIKANYANJIUZHEJIJIANGMIANLINDEBUDANSHIJIYU, YISHIYANJUNDETIAOZHAN。

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                                  秦美婷,王叶竹,周荣庭.SSCI中研究科技期刊论文的研究热点与趋势分析[J].科技与出版,2019(05):136-144.
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