星云棋牌官网下载

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                              科技论文的寿命周期和写作原则

                              时间:2019-01-10 来源:编辑学报 作者:郑小光,岑伟,罗晓琪 本文字数:4178字

                                摘    要: 星云棋牌官网下载科技论文是传播科学研究信息的重要载体。在分析科技论文及寿命周期定义的基础上, 提出科技论文寿命周期的概念, 主要包括论文创作期、评审期、传播与价值增值期等3个阶段。在此基础上, 从创新性、评判性、科学性、规范性和学术道德性等5个方面分析科技论文写作的准则, 为初级的科研工作者和研究生的论文创作及科研习惯培养提供参考。

                                关键词:星云棋牌官网下载 科技论文; 寿命周期; 创作准则; 学术道德;

                              星云棋牌官网下载   KEJILUNWENSHICUJINXUEKEFAZHAN、XUANCHUANKEXUESIXIANGHECHENGGUODEZHONGYAOTUJING。KEJILUNWENXIEZUOSHIKEJIGONGZUOZHEDENENGLIZHIYI, YESHISHIDAICHUANGXINDEXUYAO。ZHUZHONGKEJILUNWENXIEZUOBUJINNENGGOUTIGAOKEJIGONGZUOZHEZISHENDESHUMIANBIAODANENGLIERQIEHAINENGTIGAOQIYANJIUNENGLI;BUJINNENGGOUTIGAOQICHUANGXINNENGLIHAINENGDUANZHENGQIDUIXUESHUDERENZHITAIDU。YINCI, KEJILUNWENXIEZUOWULUNSHIDUIKEYANGONGZUOZHEZISHENNENGLITISHENG, HAISHIQIDUIYANJIUSHENGKEYANNENGLIDEPEIYANG, DOUSHIBIBUKESHAODEHUANJIE[1]。

                                1、 科技论文寿命周期

                                寿命周期 (Life Cycle) 是指事物及其系统从论证开始到退役为止所经历的全部时期。一般分为论证、方案、工程研制、试验和评价 (RDT&E) 、生产、部署、使用和保障、退役8个阶段。寿命周期的概念较早出现在产品及设备领域, 后逐步扩展至项目管理等领域。延续寿命周期的理念, 可将科技论文的寿命周期理解为:科技论文寿命周期是指科技论文一生经历从最初选题、架构、写作、投稿、送审、返修、录用、校对、发表以及下载传阅整个寿命过程, 如图1所示。
                               

                              科技论文的寿命周期和写作原则
                               

                              星云棋牌官网下载   KEJILUNWENDESHOUMINGZHOUQIKEHUAFENWEILUNWENCHUANGZUOQI、PINGSHENQIHELUNWENCHUANBOJIJIAZHIZENGZHIQI3GESHOUMINGJIEDUAN。GEGEJIEDUANZHONG, KEYANGONGZUOZHESUOGUANZHUDEZHONGDIANHEYAOJIEJUEDEWENTIBUJINXIANGTONG。QIZHONG, LUNWENCHUANGZUOQI, SUOQUEDINGDELUNWENXUANTIGAODU、XIEZUOSHUIPINGYIJISHIFOUYOUXUESHUBUDUANXINGWEI, SHIJUEDINGLUNWENPINGSHENJIEGUO、PINGSHENQIZHANGDU、LUNWENCHUANBOSHENGMINGYIJILUNWENXUESHUYINGXIANGHEZUIZHONGJIAZHIDEGUANJIAN。LUNWENSHOUMINGJIQIXUESHUJIAZHI, SUILUNWENCHUANGXINXINGDEZENGJIAERZENGJIA;FANZHI, LUNWENSHOUMINGJIXUESHUJIAZHI, SUIZHEXUESHUBUDUANXINGWEIDEZENGJIA, ERJIANSHAO。YINCI, GOUZAOWANMEIDEKEJILUNWENSHOUMINGZHOUQI, YAOCONGCHUANGXINDEXIEZUOKAISHI。

                                图1 科技论文的寿命周期
                              图1 科技论文的寿命周期

                                2 、科技论文创作准则

                              星云棋牌官网下载   KEXUEYANJIUSHIYIGE“KAITUOCHUANGXIN、YANJINQIUSHI”DEGUOCHENG, KEJILUNWENCHUANGZUOSHIJILUKEXUEYANJIUHEYANJIUCHENGGUODEGUOCHENG, YINCI, GENGYAOQIUJIANG“QIUXIN”HE“QIUSHI”LIANGDAZHUNZEGUANCHUANZHENGGEKEJILUNWENXIEZUODESHIJIANGUOCHENG。CONGERCHUANGZUOCHUJUBEICHUANGXINXING、KEXUEXING、SHIYONGXING、SHIXIAOXING、KEDUXINGDENGTEDIANDEHAOLUNWEN。WEILEGENGHAODILIJIE“QIUXIN”HE“QIUSHI”DEXIEZUOLINIAN, BIZHETICHUCHUANGXINXING、PINGPANXING、KEXUEXING、GUIFANXINGHEDAODEXINGDEKEJILUNWENXIEZUOZHUNZE, RUTU2SUOSHI。

                                图2 科技论文创作准则
                              图2 科技论文创作准则

                                2.1 、创新性

                                TONGCHANG, FABIAOKEJILUNWENDEMUDEBUSHIDANCHUNWEILEXIEYIPIANLUNWEN, ERSHIWEILEXUANCHUANXINDEKEXUESIXIANGHEKEYANCHENGGUO, CUJINXUESHUJIAOLIU, CUJINXUEKEFAZHAN, YINCI, CHUANGXINSHIKEYANGONGZUODEGUANJIAN, CHUANGXINGENGSHIKEJILUNWENDELINGHUN, QIBAOKUODUCHUANGXING、SHIYONGXINGHEXINYINGXING3GETEDIAN[2]。NEIMEKEJILUNWENCHUANGXINSIXIANGCONGHEERLAI, FANGFAYOUNAXIE?

                                1) KEJILUNWENCHUANGXINSIXIANGZHUYAOLAIYUANYUDUIYIYOULILUNFANGFAHEPINGJIABIAOZHUNDENGZHISHIDELIXINGTUIDUAN, KEFENWEI4GEFANGMIAN: (1) BAOCHIHUAIYIDEKEYANTAIDU, JIDUICHANGGUISIWEIDEHEDUIXIANYOUZHIXUDEZHIYI, JUYOUFAXIANJIQIJIEJUEWENTIDEDUTESILU; (2) YANJIUJICHU, JIYIYOUYANJIUCHENGGUO, RUWENXIANHEKEJIXIANGMUZILIAO、SHIYANJISUANJIEGUODENG; (3) SHENGCHANXUQIU, JITONGGUOJISHUGEXINJIEJUESHENGCHANZHONGSHANGWEIJIEJUEDESHIJIJISHUWENTI。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   2) KEJILUNWENDECHUANGXINFANGFATONGCHANGYOU:CUOWUGENGZHENG、QIANTIFOUDINGYUTUOZHAN、LILUNFENXIYUJIASHEN、LILUNYIYUYUZUHEYINGYONG、JISHUJIAJIEYUCHUANGXIN、XINLILUNCHUANGJIANDENG。

                                2.2、 评判性

                                PINGPANXINGSHIJIYUYIYOUGAINIAN、FANGFA、BIAOZHUNHUOQIANHOUGUANLIANDENGZHENGJU, DUIPINGPANMUBIAOZUOCHUCHANSHI、FENXI、PINGJIA、TUIDUANHEJIESHIDEPANDUANGUOCHENG[3]。PINGPANXINGSIWEISHIKEJILUNWENCHUANGZUODEGUANJIANYAOSU, SHICHUANGZUOZHEKEYANNENGLIDETIXIAN, QIGUANCHUANYUKEJILUNWENCHUANGZUOGUOCHENG, LUOJIAOYULUNWENJIEGOUHEZUCHENGBUFEN。

                                1) DUIXIANGPINGPAN, BAOKUOYANJIUDUIXIANGLINGYUBEIJINGHEYANJIUWENTIDEPINGPAN, YIQUEDINGYANJIUDUIXIANGDEJINGJI、SHEHUIDENGZHONGYAOXING, HEYANJIUWENTIDEYIYIYUJIAZHI。

                                2) WENXIANPINGPAN, LIYONGWENXIANZONGSHUDUIYIYOUWENXIANJIEJUEXUANDINGYANJIUDUIXIANGHEWENTIDECHENGDU, WEIBENYANJIUSHISHIFANGFADEXUANZETIGONGPINGPANYIJU。

                                3) MUBIAOHEFANGFAPINGPAN, DUIYANJIUMUBIAO、JIASHEHENICAIQUDEYANJIUFANGFADEHELIXING、KEXINGXINGHEXIANJINXINGJINXINGFENXIHEPINGPAN。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   4) JIEGUOPINGPAN, SHENRUTAOLUNSUODEYANJIUJIEGUOHUOJIELUN, TONGGUOYUWENXIANDEDUIBIFENXI, PINGPANBINGZHENGMINGYANJIUJIEGUODEYIZHIXING、YICHANGXINGHUOYOUYUEXING。

                                2.3、 科学性

                                KEXUEXINGSHIKEJILUNWENDESHENGMING, TONGCHANGBAOKUOLILUNKEXUEXINGHESHIJIANKEXUEXING2GEFANGMIAN。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   1) LILUNKEXUEXING, YAOQIULUNWENYANJIULILUNXINQIEYANMI, JINGDEQITUIQIAO、JINGDEQIYANZHENG、JINGDEQIJIANYAN, QIENENGJIEFANGHUOCUJINSHENGCHANLI, TUIDONGKEJIJINBU。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   2) SHIJIANKEXUEXING, YIFANGMIANYAOKAOLVLUNWENYANJIUWENTI, YAOYUANYUSHENGCHANSHIJI;LINGYIFANGMIAN, XUKAOLVJIEJUEWENTIDESILUHEFANGFASHIFOUKEXINGQIEJUYOUSHENGMINGLI、SHIYANYANZHENGSHIFOUHELI、SHIYANJIELUNSHIFOUKEGUANGONGPINGQIEZHENGQUE。

                                2.4 、规范性

                              星云棋牌官网下载   KEJILUNWENCHUANGZUODEGUIFANXING, ZHUYAOQIANGDIAOKEJILUNWENZHUANXIEGUOCHENGZHONGLILUNYUKEYANLICHANGDEYIZHIXING、LUNWENYUANSUWANZHENGXING、LUNWENBIAODADEJIANJIEQINGXIXING。SHIKEYANRENYUANKEYANSHUIPINGHEBIAODANENGLIDENGJIBENSUZHIDEZONGHEZHANXIAN。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   1) LILUNYUKEYANLICHANGDEYIZHIXING。CHUANGXINJUYOUGUANGYIYIZHIXING, PINGPANXINGSIWEITONGYANGKEYISHIWEIPIPANXINGHEYIZHIXINGDEJIEHE。YIZHIXINGSHIYIGEKEYANRENYUANBIXUJUBEIDEJIBENSUZHI。CHUANGZUOYUANLIDEYIZHIXINGSHIJIYUYIYOUKEYANCHENGGUODEKEYANLUNWENCHUANGZUODEZHONGYAOQIERUDIAN, SHIZAIDUILAOWENTIHELAOFANGFAJICHENG、PINGPAN、XIAOHUA、XISHOUHOUDEZAICHUANGXIN, BAOKUOYANJIUSILU、YANJIUFANGFA、SHIYANFENXIDENG。TONGSHI, DUIYUTONGYIKEYANRENYUANLAISHUO, DUIYANJIUWENTIDEJIBENGUANDIANHELICHANG, BIXUJUBEIYIDINGCHENGDUDEYIZHIXING。

                                2) LUNWENYUANSUWANZHENGXING。LUNWENYUANSUWANZHENGXINGYAOQIULUNWENBAOHANCHONGFENLUNZHENGYANJIUMUBIAOSUOXUYAODEBIYAOZHENGJU, JIBIXUSHIXIANSUOSHEDINGDEYANJIUMUBIAO。ERLUNWENDEKEXUEJIAZHI, ZEKERENWEISHILUNWENSHIXIANSHEDINGMUBIAOSUOHUODEDEJIEGUODECHUANGXINXING、GUANGDUHESHENDU。JUTIYUNYONGWANZHENGXINGZHUNZEDESHIHOU, YOU3GERONGYIYINQIQIYIDEQINGKUANG: (1) YINYUANDINGYANJIUMUBIAOABUKEXING, ERTIHUANWEIMUBIAOB。GAIQINGKUANGXIA, LUNWENYINGJIANGYANJIUMUBIAOGAIWEIB, BINGZUNXUNWANZHENGXINGZHUNZEWEIRAOBZHANKAIQUANWEN, DUIAMIAOSHUZHINENGGAIWEIYANJIUBEIJINGLAICHENSHU。 (2) LUNWENDEJUXIANXING。YOUYUXIANYOULILUN、SHIYANTIAOJIANDENGDEXIANZHISUOZAOCHENGDEYANJIUJUXIANXINGYULUNWENWANZHENGXINGZHUNZEBUCHONGTU。JUXIANXINGBIAOMINGSUOWANCHENGDEMUBIAO, DUIYANJIUWENTIDERENSHIHAIYOUBUCHONGFENZHICHU, XUYAOZAIHOUXUYANJIUZHONGCHONGFENRENSHIYANJIUWENTI。 (3) LIANHELUNWENXINGSHI。LIANHELUNWENJIYINPIANFUXIANZHI, JIANGTONGYIYANJIUANCHUANGXINBUFENFENBIEZHUANXIEDUOPIANLUNWEN, FABIAOZAITONGYIGEQIKANSHANG, BINGSHIYONGXIANGTONGDEDABIAOTIHEBUTONGDEZIBIAOTI。ZHEILEIXINGSHIZHONGRENHEYIPIANLUNWENDOUYINGGAIZUNXUNWANZHENGXINGYUANZE, CHONGFENSHIXIANGEPIANLUNWENDEYANJIUMUBIAO。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   3) LUNWENBIAODADEJIANJIEQINGXIXING。KEYANSHICHUANGZAOZHISHIDEGUOCHENG, JIANJIEDESIWEILIYUKEYANCHENGGUODEHUODE, QINGXIDEBIAODALIYUKEYANCHENGGUODECHUANBO。GAIYUANZEFANYINGNEIZAIDEKEYANSIWEIJIANJIEXING、WAIZAILUNWENBANSHUJIANJIEXINGHEBIAODAQINGXICHENGDU: (1) KEYANLUNWENNEIZAIJIANJIEXING, BIAOXIANWEIYANJIUSILUHEFANGFADOUYINGWEIDADAOYANJIUMUDEERFUWU, BINGJIJISIKAOYICHANGXIANXIANG, YIYINDAOCHUKENENGDEXINMUBIAO, LINGWENYANJIU; (2) KEYANLUNWENWAIZAIDIJIANJIEYUQINGXIXING, BIAOXIANZAILIYONGLUNWENYUANSULUNZHENGYANJIUJIELUN, YIFABUXINZHISHI。BIAODADEJIANJIEXING, YAOQIULUNWENJINXUDUIBENYANJIUXIANGGUANDEQIANXIYANJIUJINXINGCHUANGXINXINGDIGAODUGAIKUO, PAICHUXUEKECHANGSHIXINGDEWENZIHEPINGLUN。BIAODADEQINGXIXING, YAOQIULUNWENDEMUBIAO、FANGFA、JIELUNDENGGEYUANSUDOUYINGZAIZUIYINGGAICHUXIANDEDIFANG, BIAOTI、DUANLUOJIQILUNDIANQINGXI, QIELUOJICENGCIFENMINGDENG。

                                2.5、 道德性

                                KEJILUNWENCHUANGZUODEDAODEXINGSHIZHIKEYANGONGZUOZHEZAIKEXUEYANJIUYIJIKEJILUNWENDECHUANGZUOGUOCHENGZHONG, DOUBIXUDUJUEXUESHUBUDUANXINGWEI[4]。LUNWENCHUANGZUOZHONGDEXUESHUBUDUANXINGWEI, JIUXIANGYIKEDINGSHIZHADAN, ZAILUNWENPINGSHENJILUNWENCHUANBODEHOUXUSHOUMINGZHOUQIZHONG, SUISHIHUIYINXUESHUBUDUANXINGWEIDEPUGUANGERZHONGZHILUNWENDESHOUMING, SHENZHIYINGXIANGLUNWENZUOZHEJIQIKEYANTUANDUIDEKEYANXINYUHEKEYANSHENGMING。MUQIANCHANGJIANDEXUESHUBUDUANXINGWEIKEFENWEIYIXIAJILEI:

                              星云棋牌官网下载   1) CHAOXI。CHAOXITONGCHANGYOUWENZICHAOXI、TUPIAN/BIAOGE/GONGSHICHAOXI、YINWENCHAOXI3ZHONGBIAOXIANXINGSHI[5]。WENZICHAOXI, BIAOXIANWEIZHENGPIANWENDANG、DUANLUO、JUZIJIZHUYAOGUANDIANCHAOXI。TUPIAN/BIAOGE/GONGSHIDENGDECHAOXI, ZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEIKETIZULUNWENFABIAOSHIJINGCHANGZHONGFUSHIYONGDABUFENTU、BIAOJIGONGSHI。YINWENCHAOXI, ZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIZUOZHEZAIWEIKANQUANWENDEQINGKUANGXIAERCIYINYONGWENXIAN, TEBIESHIYINGWENWENXIANERCIYINYONGXIANXIANGJIAOWEITUCHU。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   2) ZHONGFUFABIAO。ZHONGFUFABIAOSHIZHIZUOZHEFABIAOYUZIJIYIFABIAOLUNWENDATIXIANGSIDELUNWEN, QIEBUZHUMINGLAIYUAN, HUOZHETONGSHIYIZHONG、YINGWENLIANGZHONGYUYANFABIAOTONGYIPIANXIANGSILUNWEN (GAOZHILEDIERJIAQIKAN, QIEBUWEIFANGUONEI、GUOWAILIANGGEQIKANYOUGUANBIANJICHUBANGUIDINGDECHUWAI) 。DATIXIANGSIDELUNWENHAIBAOKUOJIANGZIJIDEYIPIANYANJIULUNWENCONGBUTONGFANGXIANGCHAIFENCHENG2PIANHUOSHUPIANLUNWENFABIAO, QIEBUJIARENHEZHUSHI。

                                3) YIGAODUOTOU。WEILEJIEYUESHIJIAN, TIGAOGAOJIANBEILUYONGDEJIHUI, YOUXIEZUOZHEBAYIPIANLUNWENTONGSHITOUJILIANGGEHUOLIANGGEYISHANGDEQIKAN。YIGAODUOTOUSHIKEJIQIKANZHONGYIZHONGCHANGJIANDEXUESHUBUDUANXIANXIANG。YIBANBIANJIBUHUIYAOQIUZUOZHETOUGAOSHIQIANDINGSHOUQUANSHUDUJUEYIGAODUOTOUXIANXIANG, FAXIANYIGAODUOTOUHOU, HENDUOBIANJIBUHAIHUICAIQUJIANGXIANGGUANKETIZULIERU“HEIMINGDAN”DENGCUOSHI, LAIDUJUEYIGAODUOTOUDEBUDUANXINGWEI。

                                4) ZAOJIA。BUJIYUSHISHI, PINGKONGNIEZAOHUOZHEKUADASHUOCI。ZHUYAOTIXIANZAI: (1) BUJINGGUOLUNZHENGJIUQINGYISHIYONG“SHOUCI”“SHOUCHUANG”DENGCI, DONGZHE“GUONEIYILIU”“GUOJIXIANJIN”, PINGKONGCHUIXUCHUZIJIDEMOXINGHELILUN。 (2) CUANGAISHUJU。WEILEXUYAOSHUJUERBIANCHUSHUJU, HUODUISHIYANSHUJUJINXINGDIAOZHENG, SHISHIYANJIEGUOXIANDEGENGJIAZHENSHIKEXIN, CONGERZHICHILUNWENDEXUESHUGUANDIAN。WEILEMANZUTONGXINGPINGYIZHUANJIATICHUDEWENTI, XIUGAIBUFENSHUJUSHIZIJIDEWENZHANGNENGJINKUAILUYONGHEKANDENG, YESHIZAIBIANJIGONGZUOZHONGJINGCHANGYUDAODEXUESHUBUDUANXINGWEI。

                                5) JIAYIN。BUBIYAODEYINYONGJICUOWUDEYINYONG。QIKANWEILETIGAOYINGXIANGYINZIDENGYAOQIUZUOZHEYINYONG。YOUXIEQIKANDACHENGHUYINXIEYI, POSHIZUOZHEYINYONG;ZHEILEIWENTIDECUNZAIYANZHONGRAOLUANLEQIKANPINGJIAJIGOUDUIQIKANDEZHENGQUEPINGJIA。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   6) SHUMINGBUDANG。ZHUYAOBAOKUOJIEMINGTOUGAO、GUAMINGTOUGAO、GONGXIANBUZUZHESHUMING、SHUMINGZHUANRANGDENGXIANXIANG。JIEMINGTOUGAO, ZHIZUOZHEWEIJIANGLUNWENFAJIXIANGGUANYENEIGAOZHIMINGDUZHUANJIASHENYUE, SHENZHIZAIZHUANJIABUZHIQINGDEQINGKUANGXIA, JIANGXIANGGUANZHUANJIASHUMINGQILUNWENZHONG。GUAMINGTOUGAO, CHANGZHILUNWENSHUMINGZUOZHEHEDANWEIYULUNWENDEYANJIUNEIRONGBUXIANGGUANDEXIANXIANG。

                                3、 结束语

                              星云棋牌官网下载   TONGGUOYANJIUKEJILUNWENSHOUMINGZHOUQIDEGAINIAN, YIJILUNWENSHOUMINGZHOUQIDEFENXI, KEYIFAXIANKEJILUNWENCHUANGZUOSHIJUEDINGKEJILUNWENPINGSHENQI、CHUANBOQIJIQIJIAZHIDEGUANJIAN。CONGCHUANGXINXING、PINGPANXING、KEXUEXING、GUIFANXINGHEDAODEXINGDENG5GEFANGMIANTAOLUNLEKEJILUNWENXIEZUODEZHUNZE。DUIYUCHUJIDEKEYANGONGZUOZHEHEYANJIUSHENGLAIJIANG, KEYIYONGZHEIXIEZHUNZELAIHENGLIANGZIJIDEKETIXUANDING、SHIYANSHEJI、JIEGUOFENXI、LUNWENZHUANXIEDENGSUOYOUKEYANHUODONG, BANGZHUCHUJIKEYANGONGZUOZHEXINGCHENGHAODEKEYANXIGUAN, CONGERHUODEBIJIAOCHENGSHUDEKEYANSIWEI, CHUANGZAOCHUTUCHUDEKEYANCHENGGUO。

                                参考文献

                                [1]刘东玲.科技论文写作在研究生培养中的地位和作用[J].产业与科技论坛, 2017, 16 (11) :153
                                [2]盛杰.期刊编辑对科技论文创新性的把握[J].编辑学报, 2011, 23 (3) :215
                                [3]黄合来.科研思维与论文写作之“5C”法则[J].学位与研究生教育, 2011 (6) :23
                                [4]郭跃, 濮燕屏.论研究生学术不端行为治理规范体系的构建[J].学位与研究生教育, 2017 (1) :23
                              星云棋牌官网下载   [5]王福军, 谭秀荣, 冷怀明.科技期刊中常见学术不端现象分析与思考[J].编辑学报, 2014, 26 (5) :452

                                郑小光,岑伟,罗晓琪.科技论文的寿命周期及其创作准则[J].编辑学报,2018,30(S1):31-33.
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