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                影视同期录音中的困境与应对策略

                时间:2018-12-24 来源:西部广播电视 作者:谢沛言 本文字数:3495字

                  摘    要: 随着人们生活水平的不断提升,越来越多的人对于影视节目的喜爱程度不断提升。受到信息技术的快速影响,当下的影视节目更多地融入了一些高科技元素,在此背景下,通过同期录音的方式进行相关录音工作不仅能很好地增强录音与画面内容的统一性,还能在一定程度上保证录音与画面内容的完整性,因此,目前很多相关影视工作者都会采用同期录音的方式进行录音工作。本文以同期录音的相关概念作为出发点,重点探讨影视同期录音过程中的相关技巧以及对应的问题。

                  关键词:星云棋牌官网下载 影视同期录音; 拍摄现场; 方法; 技巧;

                星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIYINGSHIZHIZUOGUOCHENGZHONG,TONGQILUYINDEZHONGYAOXINGYUHUAMIANLUZHIZHIJIANDEGUANXISHIFENXIANGJIN。YUHOUQIPEIYINXIANGBI,TONGQILUYINKEYIGENGHAODISHIXIANSHENGYINYUHUAMIANDEWANQUANTONGBU,GENGHAODIJIANGYINGSHIYISHUDEZHENSHIXINGYIJIDUIYINGDEYISHUXIAOGUOQUANMIANCHENGXIANCHULAI。ZAIHOUQIZHIZUOGUOCHENGZHONG,YIDANCHUXIANYUYINGSHIZHONGDERENWUKOUXINGBUFUDEWENTI,DOUHUIYANZHONGYINGXIANGZHENGGELUZHIGUOCHENGZHONGDEXIAOGUO。ERTONGQILUYINNENGGOUHENHAODIBIMIANZHEIYIWENTI,YINCI,SHENSHOUGUANGDAYINGSHIGONGZUOZHEDEXIAI。

                  1、 影视同期录音的含义及特点

                  1.1、 影视同期录音的含义

                星云棋牌官网下载   SUOWEIYINGSHITONGQILUYINYOUBEICHENGZHIWEIXIANCHANGLUYIN,ZAIJINXINGYINGSHIHUAMIANPAISHEDEGUOCHENGZHONG,TONGGUOSHIYONGCIDAI、SHOUYINJIDENGXIANGGUANLUYINSHEBEIDEFANGSHIJIANGYANYUANDEXIANGGUANYUYANTONGGUOLUZHIDEFANGSHISHOURUQIDIANZISHEBEIZHONG,LUZHISHENGYINDEZHENGGEGUOCHENGBEICHENGZHIWEIYINGSHITONGQILUYIN。ZAIJINXINGXIANGGUANDEYINGSHITONGQILUYINGUOCHENGZHONG,YIBANYAOQIUJUYOUZHUANYEDESHEYINGPENGHELIANGHAODEGEYINSHEBEI,TONGSHIYAOQIUSHEYINGJIYIJIDUIYINGDELUYINJIDOUBIXUPEIBEIBIYAODEBIYINZHUANGZHI。ZAIJUTIPAISHEGUOCHENGZHONG,WEIFANGZHISHOUDAOTIANQI、KONGJIAN、FENGSUDENGXIANGGUANWAIJIEYINSUDEYINGXIANG,BIXUHELIKAOLVPAISHEXIANCHANGDEXIANGGUANHUANJINGWENTI。YOUYUYINGSHITONGQILUYINSHIDUIYINGSHIPAISHEGUOCHENGZHONGXIANCHANGSHENGYINDELUZHI,YINCI,YUHOUQIDEPEIYINXIANGBIJUYOUGENGZIRANDEBIZHENXING。ZAIJINXINGXIANGGUANRENWUPAISHEDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUYUBUTONGHUANJINGBUTONGCHANGJING、BUTONGLUYINSHEBEIBENSHENSUOJUYOUDEFUZAXING,DAOZHIZHIYOUTONGGUOTONGQILUYINDEGONGYICAINENGGOUGENGZHENSHIDIJIANGZHEIXIENEIRONGJILUXIALAI。ZHIYOUTONGGUOTONGQILUYINDEFANGSHI,CAINENGGENGHAODIJIANGYIGEZHENSHIDE、SHITINGYIZHIDEYISHUXIAOGUOGENGHAODIBAOLIUXIALAI。YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,XIANCHANGTONGQILUYINSHITONGGUODUIBAIHETONGQIDONGXIAODEFANGSHILAISHIXIANTONGBUXIAOGUOHEKONGJIANGANDE,ERZAIHOUQILUYINGUOCHENGZHONGQUEHENNANDADAOZHEIYANGDEXIAOGUO。

                  1.2、 影视同期录音的特点

                  在中国目前的影视剧录制过程中,影视同期录音技术已经达到了一个十分成熟的阶段,通过影视同期的方式进行录音不仅能很好地保证声音与画面之间的同步性,还能够更加真实地还原人物与环境之间的和谐性,对进一步提升影视剧本身的艺术感染力有一定的促进作用。相比较而言,影视同期录音的工作方式具有如下几个特点。
                 

                影视同期录音中的困境与应对策略
                 

                星云棋牌官网下载   SHOUXIAN,TONGQILUYINNENGGOUGENGJIAZHENSHIDIJIANGLUYINGUOCHENGZHONGDEXIANGGUANNEIRONGCHUANRUHUATONGZHONG。ZAIJINXINGPAISHEGUOCHENGZHONGKEYIGENGJIATONGBUDISHIHUAMIANHESHENGYINJINRUDUIYINGDESHEBEIZHONG,CONGERZHENZHENGSHIXIANHUAMIANHESHENGYINTONGBUDEYISHUXIAOGUO。DANGLUZHIJIESHUYIHOU,HAIKEYITONGGUOGEZHONGXIUGAIRUANJIANDUIPEIYINGUOCHENGZHONGDEXIANGGUANNEIRONGJINXINGXIUGAI,BIMIANCHUXIANKOUXINGDUIBUSHANG,YUHUAMIANNEIRONGTUOJIEDEXIANXIANG。

                  QICI,TONGQILUYINJUYOUYIDINGDEFUZAXING。YOUYULUYINGUOCHENGZHONGHUISHOUDAODUOZHONGHUANJINGDEYINGXIANG,YINCI,ZAITONGQILUYINGUOCHENGZHONG,NANMIANHUIJIANGYIXIEYUBIAOYANYISHUBUXIANGGUANDEZHOUWEISHENGYINRONGRUQIZHONG。DUIYUZHEIXIEZAYINDECHULI,XUYAOJINXINGTONGQILUYINDEHOUQIZHIZUOCAINENGGENGHAODIJIAYIJIEJUE。LINGWAI,ZAIJUTIDEYINGSHILUYINGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUYUNENGGOUHENHAODIJILUYANYUANDEQINGGANBODONGYIJIDUIYINGDEBIAOXIANLI,SUOYINENGGOUYOUXIAOTISHENGSHENGYINBENSHENSUOFUYOUDEGANRANLI,ZHANXIANGENGJIAQIANGLIEDEYISHUHUAMIANXIAOGUO。ZHEIYIDIANYESHIHOUQIPEIYINGUOCHENGZHONGHENNANDADAODEYIZHONGJINGJIE。

                  2 、影视同期录音过程中遇到的困难

                  ZAIJINXINGYINGSHITONGYILUZHIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUYUXUYAOJIANGYANYUANDEJUTIDONGZUOYUSHENGYINTONGSHILUZHIXIALAI,ZAILUZHIGUOCHENGZHONGKENENGHUIYUDAOHENDUOKUNNAN,YAOXIANGGENGHAODITIGAOYINGSHITONGQILUYINBENSHENDEZHILIANG,BIXUZAICHONGFENZHANGWOXIANGGUANJIQIAODETONGSHILEJIEYINGSHITONGQILUYINGUOCHENGZHONGDEXIANGGUANKUNNAN,BINGYICIJICHUDUIYINGDEJIEJUEFANGAN,CAINENGGENGHAODIDADAOTIGAOYINGSHILUYINZHILIANGDEMUDE。YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,YINGSHITONGQILUYINGUOCHENGZHONGKENENGHUIYUDAODEKUNNANZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIYIXIAJIGEFANGMIAN。

                  2.1、 容易受到外界声音的影响

                  ZAIYINGSHIZHIZUOGUOCHENGZHONG,LUYINYUZHENGGEYINGSHIDELUZHISHITONGSHIJINXINGDE,YINCI,JINGCHANGHUISHOUDAOZHOUBIANHUANJINGYIJIGEZHONGJIQIDENGXIANGGUANZAOYINDEYINGXIANG,ZHEIXIEDOUHUIYANZHONGYINGXIANGYINGSHIGONGZUOZHEDEHOUQIZHIZUOXIAOLV。YIDANLUZHIGUOCHENGZHONGYOUGUODUODEWAIJIESHENGYINDEYINGXIANG,XIANGGUANGONGZUOZHEJIUXUYAOHUAFEIGENGDUODESHIJIANHEJINGLIQUCHULIZHEIXIEZAOYIN。TONGSHI,YOUYUXIANDAIKEJIJISHURENGCUNZAIYIDINGDEJUXIANXING,YINCI,ZAIJUTIDEHOUQICHULIGUOCHENGZHONG,HENNANWANQUANJIANGZHEIXIEZAOYINXIAOCHU。SUOYI,ZAIJINXINGXIANGGUANCHULIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YINGJINLIANGBAOZHENGJIANSHAOWAIJIESHENGYINDAILAIDEXIANGGUANYINGXIANG。

                  2.2、 设备不佳或使用不当导致的录音效果不佳

                  ZAIJUTIDETONGQILUYINGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUYUYUANGONGSUOSHIYONGDEXIANGGUANSHEBEICUNZAIZHILIANGBUJIADEWENTI,DAOZHIGONGZUORENYUANZAILUZHIGUOCHENGZHONGWUFAHUODEZUIHAODEYINZHI。TONGSHI,YIXIEGONGZUORENYUANDECAOZUOBUDANG,YEHUIJIZHENGGETONGQILUYINDAILAIYIDINGDEZHILIANGYINGXIANG。RUGUOZAIXIANCHANGJIANTINGHUANJINGBUSHIHENHAODEQINGKUANGXIAJINXINGTONGQILUYIN,HUICHUXIANGENGDUOYINGXIANGLUYINZHILIANGDEYINSU。

                  2.3 、因距离达不到具体要求导致的录音效果不佳

                  ZAILUZHIGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUYULUYINBENSHENDEXINZAODABUDAOJUTIYAOQIU,TONGYANGHUIJIXIANGGUANDELUYINDAILAIYIDINGDEMAFAN。RUGUOLUYINFANWEITEBIEGUANG,HUOZHELUYINSHENGYINGUODA,JIUHUIYANZHONGYINGXIANGYANYUANBENSHENDESHENGYIN,YINCI,ZAIYIXIECHANGMIANFEICHANGZHUANGGUAN,DANTONGSHIYOUYAOQIUSHENGYINHENDADEHUAMIANZHONG,WANGWANGXUYAOTONGGUOJIANGYUANBENDETONGQILUYINFANGQIHOU,CAIYONGQITADEFANGSHIJINXINGDAITI,CAINENGGOUGENGHAODIBAOZHENGLUYINBENSHENDEQINGXIXIAOGUO,DANZHEIZHONGLUYINFANGSHIYUANYUANDABUDAOXIANCHANGLUYINBENSHENSUOYAOQIUDEJIBENMUDE。

                  3、 影视同期录音的方法与技巧

                  3.1、 提前调整相关录音设备

                  SHOUXIANYINGZUODAOTIQIANDIAOZHENGLUYIN。YOUYUYINGSHITONGXUNLUYINBENSHENNENGGOUZHANSHICHUSHIFENBIZHENDEYISHUXIAOGUO,SUOYIDADUOSHULUYINSHIHEYINGSHIZHIZUOTUANDUIDOUFEICHANGXIHUANSHIYONGYINGSHITONGQILUYINDEFANGSHILAIKAIZHANXIANGGUANLUYINGONGZUO。ZAIJUTIDELUYINGUOCHENGZHONG,XIANGGUANDETONGSHIQILUYINGONGZUOZHEBIXULIYONGDIAOYINTAIDUILUYINSHEBEIJINXINGTIQIANCAOZUO,JIANGGEZHONGXUYAODIAOZHENGDEYINLESHEBEIDIAOZHENGDAOZUIJIA,CAINENGBAOZHENGZHENGGEGONGZUOSHUNLIKAIZHAN。ZAILUYINGUOCHENGZHONG,RUGUOFAXIANGEZHONGWENTISHIYINGTINGZHILUYIN,BINGJISHIJINXINGXIANGGUANSHEBEIJIANCHA。LUYINGUOCHENGZHONGYINGJIANGGEZHONGXINHAODEDIANPINGDIAOZHENGDAOYIGESHIDANGCHENGDU,CONGERGENGHAODIBAOZHENGSHENGYINBENSHENDEZHENSHIXING。ZAIXIANGGUANCHANGJINGGENGHUANDEGUOCHENGZHONG,DIAOYINSHIYINGDUILUYINSHEBEIJINXINGZAICIDIAOZHENGHEJIANTING,BAOZHENGZHENGGEYINGSHILUYINGUOCHENGZHONGSHENGYINDEYIZHIXING。TONGSHI,DANGYANYUANDEYINSEBUSHIHENHAODESHIHOU,YEXUYAOGENJUXIANGGUANDEJIANTINGXIAOGUOJINXINGXIANGGUANDEGAISHAN。

                  3.2 、有效的将自动对白录音与同期录音相结合

                星云棋牌官网下载   ZIDONGDUIBAILUYINYUTONGXINLUYINSUIRANFENSHUYUBUTONGDELUYINGONGJU,DANYOUYUERZHEJUYOUKEYIJIEHEDEKENENGXING。ZIDONGDUIBAILUYINSHIZUIJINJINIANGUOJISHANGXIANQIDEYIZHONGBIJIAOXINYINGDELUYINFANGSHI,JINGUANQIBENSHENCUNZAIYIDINGDEQUEDIAN,DANZHEIXIEQUEDIANWANQUANKEYITONGGUOYINGSHITONGQIDELUYINXIAOGUOLAIMIBU。YINCI,ZAILUZHIGUOCHENGZHONG,LUYINSHIKEYICHONGFENDEJIANGZIDONGDUIBAILUYINYUTONGQILUYINJIEHEZAIYIQI。DIYI,ZAIHOUQIJIANCHAHECHULITONGQILUYINDEGUOCHENGZHONGYINGXUNSUZHAODAOLUYINGUOCHENGZHONGCUNZAIDEWENTI,BINGTONGGUOZIDONGDUIBAILUYINDEFANGSHIDUIQILUYINXIAOGUOJINXINGWANSHAN。DIER,ZAIJUTIDELUZHIGUOCHENGZHONGKEYITONGGUOHUXIANGQIEHUANDEFANGSHIYOUXIAOYUNYONGZIDONGDUIWAILUYINHETONGQILUYIN,CONGERRANGERZHEGENGYOUXIAODIJIEHEZAIYIQI,QUANMIANTISHENGLUYINXIAOGUOHEZHILIANG。

                  3.3 、通过拾音方法有效处理声音距离感

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                  4、 结语

                星云棋牌官网下载   ZONGZHI,ZAIKAIZHANYINGSHIPAISHEDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUYUYINGSHITONGQILUYINBUJINKEYIHENHAODIJIANGLUYINXIANCHANGDEXIANGGUANNEIRONGBAOCUNXIALAI,HAINENGZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGBAOZHENGLUYINZHILIANG,YINCI,MUQIANHENDUODEYINGSHILUZHIGONGZUOZHEXIGUANXINGCAIYONGZHEIZHONGFANGSHIJINXINGYINGSHILUYIN。RANER,ZAIJUTIDEYINGSHITONGQILUYINGUOCHENGZHONGWANGWANGHUIYUDAOYIDINGDEKUNNAN,ZHEIXIEKUNNANTUCHUBIAOXIANZAIRONGYISHOUDAOWAIJIEDEYINGXIANG、SHEBEISHIYONGBUDANGDAOZHIDELUYINXIAOGUOBUJIA、YINJULIDABUDAOJUTIYAOQIUERDAOZHIDELUYINXIAOGUOBUJIADENG。WEIGENGHAODIJIEJUEZHEIXIEWENTI,ZUOWEIYINGSHIGONGZUOZHEYINGZAITONGQILUYINDEGUOCHENGZHONG,TONGGUOTIQIANDIAOZHENGXIANGGUANLUYINSHEBEI,YOUXIAODIJIANGZIDONGDUIBAILUYINYUTONGQILUYINXIANGJIEHE,YINGYONGSHIYINFANGFAYOUXIAOCHULISHENGYINJULIGAN,CAINENGGENGHAODIBAOZHENGYINGSHITONGQILUYINDEZHILIANG。

                  参考文献

                  [1]韩林.影视同期录音的后期制作浅谈[J].传播力研究,2019,3(26):54.
                  [2]孙宏武.影视同期录音中传声器的设置[J].传播力研究,2017,1(10):169.
                  [3]王玲.论影视作品中同期声的真实感[J].记者摇篮,2015(5):56-57.

                  谢沛言.影视同期录音的方法与技巧[J].西部广播电视,2019(21):198-199.
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