星云棋牌官网下载

  • <tr id='iz93b'><strong id='iz93b'></strong><small id='iz93b'></small><button id='iz93b'></button><li id='iz93b'><noscript id='iz93b'><big id='iz93b'></big><dt id='iz93b'></dt></noscript></li></tr><ol id='iz93b'><option id='iz93b'><table id='iz93b'><blockquote id='iz93b'><tbody id='iz93b'></tbody></blockquote></table></option></ol><u id='iz93b'></u><kbd id='iz93b'><kbd id='iz93b'></kbd></kbd>

    <code id='iz93b'><strong id='iz93b'></strong></code>

    <fieldset id='iz93b'></fieldset>
          <span id='iz93b'></span>

              <ins id='iz93b'></ins>
              <acronym id='iz93b'><em id='iz93b'></em><td id='iz93b'><div id='iz93b'></div></td></acronym><address id='iz93b'><big id='iz93b'><big id='iz93b'></big><legend id='iz93b'></legend></big></address>

              <i id='iz93b'><div id='iz93b'><ins id='iz93b'></ins></div></i>
              <i id='iz93b'></i>
            1. <dl id='iz93b'></dl>
                  <dir id='u8d9q'><del id='u8d9q'><del id='u8d9q'></del><pre id='u8d9q'><pre id='u8d9q'><option id='u8d9q'><address id='u8d9q'></address><bdo id='u8d9q'><tr id='u8d9q'><acronym id='u8d9q'><pre id='u8d9q'></pre></acronym><div id='u8d9q'></div></tr></bdo></option></pre><small id='u8d9q'><address id='u8d9q'><u id='u8d9q'><legend id='u8d9q'><option id='u8d9q'><abbr id='u8d9q'></abbr><li id='u8d9q'><pre id='u8d9q'></pre></li></option></legend><select id='u8d9q'></select></u></address></small></pre></del><sup id='u8d9q'></sup><blockquote id='u8d9q'><dt id='u8d9q'></dt></blockquote><blockquote id='u8d9q'></blockquote></dir><tt id='u8d9q'></tt><u id='u8d9q'><tt id='u8d9q'><form id='u8d9q'></form></tt><td id='u8d9q'><dt id='u8d9q'></dt></td></u>
                1. <code id='u8d9q'><i id='u8d9q'><q id='u8d9q'><legend id='u8d9q'><pre id='u8d9q'><style id='u8d9q'><acronym id='u8d9q'><i id='u8d9q'><form id='u8d9q'><option id='u8d9q'><center id='u8d9q'></center></option></form></i></acronym></style><tt id='u8d9q'></tt></pre></legend></q></i></code><center id='u8d9q'></center>

                    <dd id='u8d9q'></dd>

                      <style id='u8d9q'></style><sub id='u8d9q'><dfn id='u8d9q'><abbr id='u8d9q'><big id='u8d9q'><bdo id='u8d9q'></bdo></big></abbr></dfn></sub>
                      <dir id='u8d9q'></dir>
                    1. <small id='p1kr7'></small><noframes id='p1kr7'>

                    2. <tfoot id='p1kr7'></tfoot>

                        <legend id='p1kr7'><style id='p1kr7'><dir id='p1kr7'><q id='p1kr7'></q></dir></style></legend>
                        <i id='p1kr7'><tr id='p1kr7'><dt id='p1kr7'><q id='p1kr7'><span id='p1kr7'><b id='p1kr7'><form id='p1kr7'><ins id='p1kr7'></ins><ul id='p1kr7'></ul><sub id='p1kr7'></sub></form><legend id='p1kr7'></legend><bdo id='p1kr7'><pre id='p1kr7'><center id='p1kr7'></center></pre></bdo></b><th id='p1kr7'></th></span></q></dt></tr></i><div id='p1kr7'><tfoot id='p1kr7'></tfoot><dl id='p1kr7'><fieldset id='p1kr7'></fieldset></dl></div>

                            <bdo id='p1kr7'></bdo><ul id='p1kr7'></ul>

                            1. <li id='p1kr7'><abbr id='p1kr7'></abbr></li>
                            2. 学术堂首页 | 文献求助论文范文 | 论文题目 | 参考文献 | 开题报告 | 论文格式 | 摘要提纲 | 论文致谢 | 论文查重 | 论文答辩 | 论文发表 | 期刊杂志 | 论文写作 | 论文PPT
                              学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 法学论文 > 法律论文 > 民法论文

                              《民法总则》基本规定中的公法化

                              时间:2019-02-06 来源:新疆师范大学学报 (哲学社会科学 作者:肖爽 本文字数:16849字

                              民法总则论文第六篇:《民法总则》基本规定中的公法化

                                摘要:星云棋牌官网下载私法公法化的趋势引起学界的关注, 甚至有学者认为公私法的划分已失去意义, 2017年10月1日生效的《中华人民共和国民法总则》在制度安排与设计中也呈现公法化的倾向。文本以公私法的合一、分立与融合, 《中华人民共和国民法总则》的公法化趋势为视角进行研究, 归纳出民法的开放性特征。民法作为国家法律, 其立法过程体现国家意志, 彰显宪法精神, 这都决定了民法的公法化倾向。

                                关键词:星云棋牌官网下载私法公法化; 民法总则; 民法开放性; 宪法精神;

                              星云棋牌官网下载   On the General Provisions of the Civil Law of P.R.C and Trend of Private Laws to Become Public

                              星云棋牌官网下载   XIAO Shuang

                              星云棋牌官网下载   School of Law, Dalian Maritime University

                                Abstract:The trend of private laws to become public is drawing more and more attention from the academic community, and some scholars even claim that it is meaningless to distinguish private laws from public ones. The General Provisions of the Civil Law of P.R.C, which came into effect on Oct.1, 2017, reflects such a trend. This paper, by studying the separation and fusion of public and private laws, and the trend of General Provisions of the Civil Law to become public, summarizes the public features of the Civil Law. As a national law, the Civil Law represents the will of the state and the spirit of the Constitution, which determines its public nature.

                                2017NIAN10YUE1RISHENGXIAODE《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOMINFAZONGZE》 (YIXIAJIANCHENG《MINFAZONGZE》) , SHIXINZHONGGUOLIFASHISHANGJUYOULICHENGBEIYIYIDEYIJIANDASHI。YIBANRENWEI, MINFASHUYUSIFA, ER《MINFAZONGZE》ZAIZHIDUANPAIYUGUIZESHEJIZHONGCHENGXIANDEGONGFAHUAQINGXIANGPOWEITUCHU。YINGDANGKANDAOGUANYUSIFAGONGFAHUAJINNIANLAIYINQIFAXUEJIEHEFALVJIEDEZHONGSHI, DUICILUNZHEJIANRENJIANZHI, GENGYOUXUEZHERENWEIGONGSIFADEQUFENYISHIQUYIYI。YOUJIANYUCI, BIZHEJIEHE《MINFAZONGZE》DEZHIDING, DUITISHEWENTIZHANKAIYANJIU, YIQIUJIAOYUFANGJIA。

                                一、公私法的合一、分立与融合

                                “YIQIEFADOUSHIYIGEZHANGQIDE、LISHIDEJIEGUO。TADEFAZHANBUSHITIAOYUESHIDE, BUSHIGEBIEGEXINZHEDEJUECE, ERSHICHIXUDEYOUJIDEFAZHAN, ZHENGRUSAWEINISUOSHUO, FAZHANYOURUYUYIBANSUOFASHENGDENEIYANG。”[1]FALVDECONGWUDAOYOU、CONGZUICHUDEMENGYADAOXINGCHENGYIZHONGJIBENSHEHUIZHIDU, JINGLILEYIGEMANZHANGDEGUOCHENG, JINGUANZAIGEGEMINZUHEBUTONGDIYUZHONGJINGLIBUTONG, DANSHIQIZHONGYIGEGONGTONGDEGUILVDOUSHICONGHUNWEIYITIDAOZHUJIANFENHUADEGUOCHENG。TEBIESHIZUOWEIGONGFADAIBIAODEXINGFAYUZUOWEISIFADAIBIAODEMINFA, ERZHEZAIYANJINDEGUOCHENGZHONGGENGTIXIANLEZHEIYIQUSHI。

                                (YI) ZHUFAHETI、GONGSIYOUFENYUMINXINGFENLI

                                1. ZHUFAHETI、MINXINGHEYI

                                GUJINZHONGWAIGEMINZUFALVZAOQIDEGONGTONGTEZHENGSHIZHUFAHETI、MINXINGHEYI, ZHEIZHONGHEYIBUJINZAIXINGSHISHANGSHIYITIDE, ZAINEIRONG、ZERENZHUIJIUFANGMIANYESHIMEIYOUQUBIEDE, MEIYOUGONGSIFADEGAINIAN, DANDONGXIFANGZAIMINXINGHEYIDEBIAOXIANXINGTAIHEFAZHANLUJINGSHANGZEYOUZHEJUDADECHABIE。XIFANGZAOQIFALVZHONG, XINGFAYANMEIYUJUYOUSIFAXINGZHIDEQINQUANFAZHONG, ERZAIDONGFANGMINFAZEBEIFANXINGSHIHUAFALVSUOZHEBI。

                                2. GONGSIYOUFEN

                                MINFAYUXINGFADEFENLISHIYIGEZHUBUFAZHANDEGUOCHENG。YINGGUOXUEZHEMEIYINJIUCENGLUNJI:DATIERLUN, SUOYOUYIZHIDEGUDAIFADESOUJIDOUYOUYIGEGONGTONGDETEDIANSHITAMENHECHENGSHUDEFALVXUEZHIDUXIANRANBUTONG。ZUIXIANZHEDECHABIEZAIYUXINGFAHEMINFASUOZHANDEBIZHONG。KEYIZHEIYANGSHUO, FADIANYUGULAO, TADEXINGSHILIFAJIUYUXIANGXI、YUWANBEI。MEIYINDEZHEIYIFENXI, SHIJISHANGWEIWOMENDUIGUDAIFAZHONGMINXINGLIFADELEJIETIGONGLEHENZHONGYAODECANKAO, JIGUDAIFAZHONG, JINGUANGEZHONGFALVGUIFANDOUHUNWEIYITI, DANSHIZAIFALVCHANSHENGSHI, SHIJISHANGJIUYOUMINXINGZHIFEN, ZHISHIGURENHAIBUNENGFENQINGMINSHIZERENYUXINGSHIZEREN。DADUOSHUXUEZHEJIANG《SHIERBIAOFA》ZUOWEIDALUFAXIDEYUANTOU, RENWEIQIZHIJIELAIYUANWEIGONGYUAN6SHIJICHASHIDINGNIHUANGDITONGZHISHISUOBIANZUANDE《MINFADAQUAN》[2]。DANSHIZHEILIDE“MINFA”YUJINXIANDAISUOCHENGDE“MINFA”YOUHENDADECHABIE。JINDAIMINFASHISHIMINSHEHUIDEFA。MINFACHENGWEIDULIDEBUMENFA, SHIZAISHIMINSHEHUILICAIXINGCHENGDE。MINFA (Civil Law) YICILAIZI“SHIMINFA”, JISHIMINSHEHUIDEFA。ZHONGGUOGUDAISUIRANBUXIANGXIFANGXUEZHESUODUANYANDENEIYANG“ZHIYOUXINGFA, ERWUMINFA”, DANZHONGGUOGUDAIDEFALVCHUANTONGZHIYI, ZHONGXINGQINGMINSHILISHISHISHI。ZAIMINSHILIFASHANG, SONGCHAOSHANGPINJINGJIDEFAZHANYUTUDIDEZIYOUMAIMAIHEHAIWAIMAOYIDEXINGQI, TUIDONGLEDIAOZHENGMINSHIFALVGUANXIDEFALING、ZHAOCHIDEZENGDUO, MINSHIFALVZHUJIANZAIFALVTIXIZHONGZHANYOUYIDINGDEBIZHONG。QINGCHAOZHIDINGDE《HUBUZELI》JIUMOUXIENEIRONGERYAN, YIJINGJUYOUMINSHIFAGUIDEXINGZHI[3]。

                                3. MINXINGFENLI

                              星云棋牌官网下载   FALVQUFENWEIMINSHIFA、XINGSHIFA, FALVZERENXIANGYINGDIQUFENWEIMINSHIZERENHEXINGSHIZEREN, SHIGUOJIATEBIESHIJINDAIYILAIDEGUOJIAYUFAZHIGUANNIANXINGQIDEJIEGUO[4]。1804NIANGONGBUBINGSHIXINGDE《FAGUOMINFADIAN》SHIDIYIBUYIZIBENZHUYIJINGJIZHIDUWEIJICHUDEMINFADIAN, SHIZHENZHENGTIXIANLEMINFADULIDEDIYIBUFADIAN。DEYIZHIDIGUOYOUGEGEBANG、ZHOUZUCHENG, TAMENDADUOZAOYIYOUZIJIDEFALVHUOFADIAN, 《DEGUOMINFADIAN》SHIZAIZHEIXIEBANGFADEJICHUSHANGZHIDINGDE, ERQIEYEXISHOULEMINFAXUEFANGMIANZUIXINDEYANJIUCHENGGUO。

                                1791NIAN, FAGUOZHIXIANHUIYIXIANHOUBANBULEGUANYUQINGZUIHEZHONGZUIDELIANGXIANGFALV, CONGERGOUCHENGLEFAGUOLISHISHANGDIYIBUWANZHENG、TONGYIDEXINGFADIAN, YIBANCHENGQIWEI1791NIANXINGFADIAN。QIQUELILEZUIXINGFADINGDEYUANZE, SHIXIANLEFAGUOLISHISHANGDIYICIXINGFADEYITIHUAHEFADIANHUA, CHUANGLILEZICHANJIEJIXINGFATIXI。FALANXIDIYIDIGUOJIANLIHOU, NAPOLUNFENBIEYU1808NIAN、1810NIANWANCHENGLIANGBUXINGSHILIFA, JIXINGSHISUSONGFADIANHEXINGFADIAN。ZHIZHI1994NIANFAGUOXINXINGFADIANSHENGXIAO, 1810NIANXINGFADIANSHISHISHIJIANZHANGDA183NIAN。DEYIZHIDIGUOCHENGLIHOU, BISIMAIZHENGFUZAIDUI《BEIDEYIZHILIANBANGXINGFADIAN》SHAOZUOXIUGAIDEJICHUSHANG, YU1871NIANBANXINGLE《DEYIZHIDIGUOXINGFADIAN》。GAIFADIANZUOWEIDEYIZHIDIYIBUTONGYISHIYONGDEZICHANJIEJIXINGFADIAN, YU1872NIANQISHIXING。ZHEIBUXINGFADIANJINGDUOCIXIUGAI, ZUIHOUZHIDAO1975NIAN1YUE1RICAIZHENGSHISHISHI, QIMINGCHENGSHI《1975NIAN1YUE1RIXIUDINGDE1871NIAN5YUE15RIXINGFADIAN》, JI《DEYIZHILIANBANGGONGHEGUOXINGFADIAN》。DALUFAXIYIFAGUO、DEGUOWEIDAIBIAO, ZAIJINDAISHIXIANLEMINFAYUXINGFADEFENLI。

                                1902NIAN, QINGTINGXIADALEXIULVDESHANGYU。1911NIAN1YUE, 《DAQINGXINXINGLV》GONGBU, ZHEISHIQINGMOXIUDINGDEZUIZHONGYAODEYIBUFALV, SHIZHONGGUOJINDAIDIYIBUZHUANMENDEXINGFADIAN[5]。1907NIAN, QINGZHENGFUMINZHENGBUZOUQINGZHIDINGMINFA, 《DAQINGMINLVCAOAN》YU1911NIANWANCHENG, ZHEIBUCAOANDUIYIHOUDEMINFALIFA, ZAIXINGSHISHANGHENEIRONGSHANGDOUYOUYIDINGDEYINGXIANG。ZHICI, WOGUOZHANGDAJIQIANNIANDE“ZHUFAHETI, XINGMINBUFEN”ZHUANGTAICAIDEYIZHONGJIE。

                                (ER) GONGSIRONGHE、MINXINGQUJIN

                              星云棋牌官网下载   1. GONGSIRONGHE

                              星云棋牌官网下载   DEGUOXUEZHEKELAOSI·LUOKEXINZHICHU:XINGFAYUMINFAZAIGAINIANSHANGDEMINGQUEQUBIE, SHI19SHIJIFAXUEDEZHONGDACHENGJIU, DANZAIJINRI, WOMENRENWEICIXIANGYANGEQUBIESHIYIGECUOWUDEGAINIAN, XINGFAYUMINFADEZAIJIEJINSHIYOUBIYAO[6]。YOUMINXINGHEYIDAOMINXINGFENLIDEGUOCHENGSHIMANZHANGDE, XINGFAZUOWEIGONGFADEDAIBIAO, BUNENGSUIYIQINRUZUOWEISHIMINSHEHUIJIBENFADEMINFADELINGYU, RUYOUQINRUZESHIGUOJIAQUANLIDUISIFAZIZHIDECUBAOGANSHE。TONGYANG, MINFAZUOWEISIFADEDAIBIAO, YEBUNENGSUIYIJINRUXINGFADELINGYU, FOUZEJIUSHISIFADUIGONGQUANLIDETIAOZHAN。DANSHISUIZHESHEHUIDEJINBU、JINGJIDEFAZHAN, FALVDIAOZHENGDEDUIXIANGRIQUFUZA, MINFAYUXINGFAZAIDIAOZHENGDUIXIANG、DIAOZHENGFANGSHISHANGCHUXIANLEYIXIEZHONGHE, ZAIDANGDAICHUXIANLEMINXINGQUJIN、GONGSIFARONGHEDETAISHI。ZHUYAOTIXIANZAILIANGGEXIANGDUIDEFANGMIAN:YIFANGMIANZAIMINFAZHONGYINRUXINGFAZHONGDEYIXIEZUOFA, ZHEIBEIYIXIEXUEZHECHENGZHIWEIMINFADEXINGFAHUA;LINGYIFANGMIANSHIZAIXINGFAZHONGXISHOUMINFADECHENGFEN, BEIYIXIEXUEZHECHENGWEIXINGFADEMINFAHUA。

                                2. MINFADEXINGFAHUA

                                MINFASHIQUANLIFA, SHIYIQUANLIWEIZHONGXINLAIJIANLIMINFAGUIFANTIXIDE, QIANGDIAOSIFAZIZHI。XINGFASHIYIYIWUWEIZHONGXINLAIJIANLIXINGFAGUIFANTIXIDE, SHIGONGFA, QIANGDIAOWEIHUSHEHUIZHIXU, JUEDADUOSHUFATIAOSHIJINZHIXINGGUIDING。YINER, ZUOWEIQUANLIFADEMINFABUKENENGGUODUODIYINRUXINGFADEQIANGXINGXINGGUIDING。DANGQIANZAIMINSHISHITIFAZHONGYINRUXINGFADEZUOFAZHUYAOTIXIANZAICHENGFAXINGPEICHANGZHIDUSHANG。ZAIWOGUO, CHENGFAXINGPEICHANGZHIDUSHIFOUJINRUMINFALINGYUZHENGYIHENDA, MINSHIZERENYIBUCHANGXINGWEIZHUIZEYUANZE, MINSHIJIUJIYITIANBUSUNHAIWEIZUIGAOZHIDAOYUANZE;ERXINGFAYICHENGFAWEIYUANZE, DUIJIAHAIXINGWEIDEEZHIHEDUIXINGWEIRENDECHENGFASHIXINGFA、XINGZHENGFADENGGONGFADEGONGNENG, ERZHEBUYINGHUNXIAO。CHENGFAXINGPEICHANGZHIDUYIJINGBEIXIANGGUANMINSHIFALVSUOYINRU, ZAI《MINFAZONGZE》ZHIDINGZHONGYEJIAYIMINGQUE。CONGFAZHANQUSHISHANGKAN, CHENGFAXINGPEICHANGDEDAOLERIYIGUANGFANDESHIYONG, FANYINGLEMINFAYINRUXINGFAZHONGDEZUOFA。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   3. XINGFADEMINFAHUA

                              星云棋牌官网下载   FANGUANXINGFADEMINFAHUADEJINCHENGKEWEISUDUGENGKUAI、XISHOUGENGDUO。BIAOXIANWEI:YISHIXINGFAZHONGJIAOWEIMINGQUEDIYINRULEYIXIEMINFADEJIBENYUANZE;ERSHIZUIJUMINFASECAIDEXINGSHIZISUZHIDUDESHIYONGMIANKUODA, BINGYOUJIXUZHISHI;SANSHIYOUXIEYUANLAIZAIXINGFAZHONGBEISHIWEIFANZUIDEXINGWEIZHUJIANZHUANHUAWEIMINSHIXINGWEI;SISHIZAICHULIMINXINGFALVCHONGTUSHI, QUELILEMINSHIYOUXIANYUANZE;WUSHIXINGSHIZERENRIYIDAIYOUMINSHIZERENDESECAI;LIUSHIDANCHUNYIXINGFADUIFUFANZUIDECHUANTONGZHUJIANBEIDAPO, MINFAZAIYUFANGFANZUIZHONGDEZUOYONGRIYIKUODA[7]。GUOQUWOMENDEXINGFAWUKONGBURU, XUDUOBENKEYIYONGMINSHIFALVLAIDIAOZHENGDESHEHUIGUANXIDOUYIGAIYONGXINGSHIFALVLAIJIEJUE。XIANDAIMINSHIFALVDEBANXINGHEWANSHAN, SHIMINFADEGUANXIAFANWEIDEKUODA, XIANGYINGDI, XINGFAGUANXIAFANWEIDESUOXIAO, SHIWOMENZHEIGESHEHUIJIANKANGFAZHANDEBIAOZHIZHIYI。1997NIANDEXIN《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOXINGFA》 (YIXIAJIANCHENG《XINGFA》) ZAICHULIYUMINFADEXIEDIAOFANGMIANYEZUOCHULENULI, RUDI36TIAOQUELILEMINSHIPEICHANGZERENYOUXIANDEYUANZE, DI60TIAOQUELILEZHAIQUANYOUXIANYUANZE。ZHEIZHONGGUANZHAOMINFAZHIDUDELUOSHI, SHIGONGQUANLIDECHENGFAJIANLIZAIMANZUMINSHIPEICHANGHUOCHANGHAIDEJICHUZHISHANGDEJUCUO, YOUZHUYUYIKAOMINFALAIHANGSHISHEHUIDEJICHU, FANGZHI“MINZHUANXING”ANJIANDEFASHENG。ZAIXINGFAMINFAHUAFANGMIAN, HAIYOUYIGETUCHUDELIZI, NEIJIUSHIJINNIANLAISHIJIANZHONGFAZHANQILAIDEXINGSHIHEJIEZHIDU。

                                二、《民法总则》基本规定中的公法化

                              星云棋牌官网下载   《MINFAZONGZE》JIANGWOGUOXIANFASUOQUELIDEBAOZHANGGONGMINRENSHENQUANLIHECAICHANQUANLIDEYUANZEYUYILUOSHIHETIXIAN, SHIWANSHANWOGUORENQUANFALVBAOZHANG、WEIHURENMINQUNZHONGQIESHENLIYIDEZHONGYAOMINSHIFALV。《MINFAZONGZE》ZAIJIBENGUIDINGZHONGTIXIANLEGONGFAHUADEQUSHI。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   (YI) LIFAZONGZHI

                                《MINFAZONGZE》DI1TIAOKAIZONGMINGYIZHICHU, “HONGYANGSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUAN”SHI《MINFAZONGZE》DELIFAZONGZHIZHIYI。DANGDESHIBADATICHU, CHANGDAOFUQIANG、MINZHU、WENMING、HEXIE, CHANGDAOZIYOU、PINGDENG、GONGZHENG、FAZHI, CHANGDAOAIGUO、JINGYE、CHENGXIN、YOUSHAN, JIJIPEIYUHEJIANXINGSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUAN。SHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUANSHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLINGDAORENMINZAIKAICHUANGHEFAZHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISHIYEJINCHENGZHONGXINGCHENGDEZHONGDALILUNCHENGGUO。MINFAZONGZEDUISHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUANDEJIZHONGTIXIAN, XIANSHILEWOGUODEWENHUAZIXIN。LIFAZHESHENRUWAJUEHECHUANCHENGZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUADESHIDAIJIAZHI, RANGMINFAZONGZETIXIANCHULEXIANMINGDEMINZUXING。YAOJIANGSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUANRONGRUMINFADIANBIANZUANQUANGUOCHENG, HONGYANGZHONGHUAMINZUCHUANTONGMEIDE, QIANGHUAGUIZEYISHI, ZENGQIANGDAODEYUESHU, CHANGDAOQIYUEJINGSHEN, WEIHUGONGXULIANGSU。“YIXIECHANGWEIWEIYUANTICHU, ANZHAODANGZHONGYANGGUANYUBASHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUANRONGRUFAZHIJIANSHEDEYAOQIU, YINGDANGQIANGDIAOZAIMINSHIHUODONGZHONGHONGYANGZHONGHUAYOUXIUWENHUA, JIANXINGSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUAN。”[8]WOGUOJIANGSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUANXIERU《MINFAZONGZE》, KAICHUANGLEJIANGSHIJIEYOUXIUFALVWENHUAHEZHONGHUAMINZUDEYOUXIUCHUANTONGJIAZHILINIANHEDAODEZHUNZEZUOWEIMINFADIANDEHEXINHELINGHUNXIERUMINFADIANDEXIANHE, JUYOUXIANMINGDEZHONGGUOTESE。ZHEIYICHUANGJUZAISHIJIEGEGUOMINFAZHONGDOUSHIJUEWUJINYOUDE。DUILIFAMUDEDETIAOKUAN, XUESHUJIECUNZAIBISHESHUO、FEICHUSHUOJIQUFENSHUOSANZHONGGUANDIAN, YOUXUEZHEZHICHU:ZHEIZHONGGUIFANZAIGONGFAZHONGKEZHAODAOXIANGTONGDEGUIDING, KEYIZAIXIANFAZHONGJIAYIGUIDING, ERMEIYOUBIYAOZAIMINFAZHONGZHONGFUGUIDING。XUYAOZHUYIDESHI, XINGFAXIUZHENGAN (JIU) ZAIQIANGDIAOXINGFAYAOJIANCHIZHENGQUEDEZHENGZHIFANGXIANG、JIANCHIWENTIDAOXIANGHEKUANYANXIANGJIXINGSHIZHENGCEDETONGSHI, YETICHUYAO“JIANCHICHUANGXINXINGSHILIFALINIAN, JINYIBUFAHUIXINGFAZAIWEIHUSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUAN、GUIFANSHEHUISHENGHUOFANGMIANDEYINLINGHETUIDONGZUOYONG。”[8]TIXIANLEMINFAYUXINGFAZAILIFALINIANSHANGDEXIANGTONG。ZAIBENTIAOZHONGHAIZENGJIAGUIDINGLE“WEIHUSHEHUIHEJINGJIZHIXU”DENEIRONG, TIXIANLEMINFADELIFAMUDE, ZHEIYUWOGUO《XINGFA》DI2TIAOXINGFADERENWU“WEIHUSHEHUIZHIXU、JINGJIZHIXU”DENEIRONGJIHUWANQUANYIZHI, TIXIANLEMINFARENWUYUXINGFARENWUDEYIZHIXING。

                                (ER) GONGXULIANGSUYUANZE

                              星云棋牌官网下载   《MINFAZONGZE》DI8TIAOGUIDING:MINSHIZHUTICONGSHIMINSHIHUODONG, BUDEWEIFANFALV, BUDEWEIBEIGONGXULIANGSU。GONGXULIANGSUYIBANRENWEISHIGONGGONGZHIXUHESHANLIANGFENGSUDEJIANCHENG, DALUFAGEGUOJIAJUNPUBIANRENKEZHEIYIMINFAYUANZE, ZAIMINFAZONGZEZHIDINGZHONGDIYICIMINGQUEGUIDINGZHEIYIYUANZE, WUYIYOUZHEZHONGYAOYIYI。RANERYOUXUEZHERENWEIGONGXULIANGSUYUMINFASIFAZIZHICUNZAIZHENANYIDIAOHEDEJIAZHIMAODUN, FANDUIJIANGGONGXULIANGSUGUIDINGWEIMINFADEYIXIANGJIBENYUANZE。JISHIZAIDALUFAXIWEIDAIBIAODEFAGUO, YOUXUEZHEYERENWEI, GONGGONGZHIXUSHIYIZHONGQIANGZHIXINGGUIFAN, SHIDANGSHIRENYIZHIZIYOUDEDUILIWU。SUIRANXIANFA、XINGZHENGFADENGGONGFASHIGONGGONGZHIXUDEZHONGYAOYUANYUAN, DANGONGGONGZHIXUDEXUDUOGUIZEYELAIYUANYUSIFA。GONGGONGZHIXUDEBENZHIZAIYUFANYINGHEBAOHUGUOJIADEGENBENLIYI。XIANDAIMINFAZHONG, GONGXULIANGSUYUANZECHONGDANGJIAOZHENGXINGSHIZHENGYIPIANCHADESHOUDUAN, BINGYINQIFUHEXIANDAIMINFADUISHIZHIZHENGYIDEZHUIQIUERZHUJIANFAZHANCHENGWEISIFAZIZHIDEJIEXIAN。BUJINRUCI, GONGXULIANGSUYUANZEYEYINQIJIAQIGOUTONGGONGSIFAJIAZHIRONGHEDEQIAOLIANG, ERZUIZHONGFAZHANCHENGWEIZHIPEIZHENGGEFALVZHIXUDEJIBENJIAZHILINIANYUGUIFANYUANZE。GONGXULIANGSUYUANZEZHEIYIJUYOUYIDINGGONGFASHUXINGDEYUANZEZUOWEIMINFAZONGZEDEYIXIANGJIBENYUANZE, TIXIANLEDUIQIYUEZIYOUDEXIANZHI。

                                (SAN) LVSEYUANZE

                                《MINFAZONGZE》DI9TIAOGUIDING:MINSHIZHUTICONGSHIMINSHIHUODONG, YINGDANGYOULIYUJIEYUEZIYUAN、BAOHUSHENGTAIHUANJING。JIAQIANGHUANJINGHEZIYUANDEBAOHU, SHIWOGUOCHANGDAOKECHIXUFAZHANDEYAOQIU, YESHIRENLEIDEGONGTONGZHIZE。LVSEYUANZEYECHENGWEISHENGTAIYUANZE, SHIZHIMINFAYAOQIUMINSHIZHUTIZAICONGSHIMINSHIHUODONGSHI, YINGDANGYOULIYUJIEYUEZIYUAN, BAOHUSHENGTAIHUANJING, SHIXIANRENYUZIYUANGUANXIDEPINGHENG, CUJINRENYUHUANJINGHEXIEXIANGCHUDEJIBENZHUNZE。HUANJINGQUANLIFAZAIGEGEGUOJIADELIFAZHUANGKUANGGEBUXIANGTONG, DAZHIFENWEI“GONGQUANLIFA”HUO“SIQUANLIFA”。HUANJINGQUANZAIWOGUODADUOYOUFALVZHENGCESUOGUIZHI, DAIYOUGONGFADESECAI, MINFAZONGZEQUELIDELVSEYUANZE, YONGSIFADESHOUDUANQUDIAOZHENGGONGFAZAICHULIHUANJINGWENTIBUNENGSHEJIDEFANGMIAN, SHUNYINGLEDANGQIAN“GONGFASIFAHUA”DEQUSHI, TUIDONGWOGUOMINSHILIFALINIANDEGEXIN, SHISHIDAIFAZHANDEYAOQIU。

                                (SI) TEBIEFAYOUYUYIBANFAYUANZE

                              星云棋牌官网下载   《MINFAZONGZE》DI11TIAOGUIDING:QITAFALVDUIMINSHIGUANXIYOUTEBIEGUIDINGDE, YIZHAOQIGUIDING。ZHEIYITIAOMINGQUELE《MINFAZONGZE》YUMINSHIGUANXITEBIEGUIDINGDESHIYONGYUANZE, SHIMINFAZONGZEXINZENGJIADETIAOKUAN。ANZHAOBIAOXIANXINGSHIDEBUTONG, WOGUOMINFADETEBIEFAZHUYAOFENWEILIANGZHONGLEIXING:YIZHONGSHIYIFALVXINGTAICHUXIANDEMINFATEBIEFA。SHOUXIANYISHANGFADEDIWEIZUIWEIXIANZHE, RU《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOGONGSIFA》 (YIXIAJIANCHENG《GONGSIFA》) 《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOPIAOJUFA》《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOZHENGQUANFA》《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOBAOXIANFA》《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOFANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》DENG, SHUYUMINFATEBIEFA。QICI, ZHISHICHANQUANFAYESHUYUMINFATEBIEFA, DANQIZHONGYEYOUDALIANGGUANLIXINGZHIDEXINGZHENGFAGUIFAN, SHENZHIHAIYOUXINGFAGUIFAN。LINGYIZHONGSHIQITAFEIMINSHIFALVGUIDINGDEMINFATEBIEFA。YIFANGMIAN, ZAIQITAFEIMINSHIFALVZHONGGUIDINGDEMINFAGUIFAN, BUJINBAOKUO《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOWUQUANFA》《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOHETONGFA》 (YIXIAJIANCHENG《HETONGFA》) DEGUIFAN, HAIBAOKUODALIANGDEQINQUANFA、HUNYINJIATINGFAHEJICHENGFADEGUIFAN。LINGYIFANGMIAN, ZHEIXIEMINFAGUIFANDEBIAOXIANXINGSHIYEQIANCHAWANBIE, RU《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOTUDIGUANLIFA》 (YIXIAJIANCHENG《TUDIGUANLIFA》) DALIANGSHEJIWUQUANFADEGUIFAN, SHEJIGUOYOUTUDISHIYONGQUAN、TUDICHENGBAOJINGYINGQUAN、ZHAIJIDISHIYONGQUANDENGQUANLI;《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUODAOLUJIAOTONGANQUANFA》YOUGUANDAOLUJIAOTONGSHIGUZERENDEGUIDINGSHUYU《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOQINQUANZERENFA》ZHONGTESHUQINQUANXINGSHIDEPEICHANGZEREN;《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOLVYOUFA》 (YIXIAJIANCHENG《LVYOUFA》) GUANYULVYOUHETONGDEGUIDINGYESHUYUMINFADETEBIEFA;ZAI《XINGFA》ZHONGDI36TIAOGUIDINGLEMINSHIPEICHANGZEREN, ZHEIXIANRANSHIMINFADETEBIEFA。ZHEIXIESHUYUGONGFADENEIRONGZAIMINFATEBIEFAZHONGCHUXIANJIAODUO, WOMENZAISHIYONGSHIYINGMINGQUEQUFENZHEIXIEFALVZHONGDEGONGFAGUIFANHESIFAGUIFAN, DANZAISHIYONGZHONGWANQUANJIANGQIZHONGDEGONGFAGUIFANPAICHUZAIWAI, SIHUBINGBUKENENG。

                                三、民事主体及特殊主体保护方面规定的公法化趋势

                              星云棋牌官网下载   《MINFAZONGZE》MINGQUELEMINSHIZHUTIDEFANWEI、WANSHANLEJIANHUZHIDU, JIAQIANGDUIWEICHENGNIANRENDENGTESHUQUNTIDEBAOHU, JIADALECAICHANDAIGUANRENDEZEREN, ZAIMINSHIZHUTIFANGMIANDEGUIDINGHEZHIDUTIXIANLEGONGQUANLIDEJIERU。

                                (YI) JIADADUIWEICHENGNIANRENDEBAOHU

                              星云棋牌官网下载   《MINFAZONGZE》DI26TIAOGUIDINGLE“FUMUDUIWEICHENGNIANZINVFUYOUFUYANG、JIAOYUHEBAOHUDEYIWU”。“CHENGNIANZINVDUIFUMUFUYOUSHANYANG、FUZHUHEBAOHUDEYIWU”。ZHEITIAOGUIDINGYUANZI《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOXIANFA》 (YIXIAJIANCHENG《XIANFA》) DI49TIAODI3KUAN, JIANHUSHIBAOHUWUMINSHIXINGWEINENGLIRENHUOZHEXIANZHIMINSHIXINGWEINENGLIRENDEHEFAQUANYI, MIBUQIMINSHIXINGWEINENGLIBUZUDEFALVZHIDU。YIJIATINGJIANHUWEIJICHU, SHEHUIJIANHUWEIBUCHONG, GUOJIAJIANHUWEIDOUDI, DUIJIANHUZHIDUZUOLEWANSHAN。MINGQUELEFUMUZINVJIANDEFUYANG、SHANYANGDENGYIWU, KUODALEBEIJIANHURENDEFANWEI, QIANGHUALEZHENGFUDEJIANHUZHINENG, BINGJIUJIANHURENDEQUEDING、JIANHUZHIZEDELVXING、CHEXIAOJIANHUDENGZHIDUZUOCHUMINGQUEGUIDING。YOUXUEZHEZHICHU:GUOQUDUONIANWOGUOWEICHENGNIANRENJIANHUZHIDUDELIFALINIANZHIHOU, LIZUYUJIATINGZIZHIHEQINSHUZIZHI, FAHUIGUOJIAGONGQUANLIGANYUDEZUOYONGBUZU。CONGWOGUOSHIJICHUFA, DUIJIATINGYUGUOJIAZAIWEICHENGNIANRENJIANHUFANGMIANDEZERENZUOCHUSHIDANGDEFENPEI。MINGQUEGUIDINGGUOJIAYOUGUANBUMENDEZEREN, BAOKUOQIDANRENFADINGDEGONGZHIJIANHUREN、JIANHUJIANDUREN、JIANHUBAOZHANGJIGUANYIJISUSONGDAIBIAORENDENGZHIZE, BINGJIYUXIANGYINGDECAIZHENGBAOZHANG, ZUODAOQUANZEYIZHI, SHIGUOJIAQIESHILVXINGGUOJIAJIANHUBAOZHANGYIWU[9]。ZAIDANGDAISHEHUI, DUIWEICHENGNIANRENJIANHUGUOJIAGONGQUANLIJIERUYICHENGWEIXUDUOGUOJIADEGONGSHI。GUOJIAGONGQUANLIRIYISHENRUDIJIERUDAOJIATINGNEIBUGUANXI。ZHEIZHONGFAZHANQUSHIYIJINGWEIXUDUOGUOJIALIFAZHUANGKUANGSUOZHENGMING。ZAI《MINFAZONGZE》DEZHIDINGZHONGTEBIEJIAQIANGLEDUIWEICHENGNIANRENDEJIANHUZHIDU, YONGLEYIJIEDEPIANFU14TIAOLAIGUIDINGJIANHUZHIDU, JIAO《MINFATONGZE》ZENGJIALE10TIAO, JIAQIANGLEMINZHENGBUMENZAIJIANHUZHONGDEZERENHEJIAOSE, ZENGJIALINSHIJIANHURENGUIDING, ZENGSHELECHEXIAOJIANHURENZIGEDEGUIDING。

                                (ER) JIADALECAICHANDAIGUANRENDEZEREN

                                《MINFAZONGZE》DI43TIAODI3KUANGUIDING:CAICHANDAIGUANRENYINGUYIHUOZHEZHONGDAGUOSHIZAOCHENGSHIZONGRENCAICHANSUNSHIDE, YINGDANGCHENGDANPEICHANGZEREN。DI44TIAOGUIDING:“CAICHANDAIGUANRENBULVXINGDAIGUANZHIZE、QINHAISHIZONGRENCAICHANQUANYIHUOZHESANGSHIDAIGUANNENGLIDE, SHIZONGRENDELIHAIGUANXIRENKEYIXIANGRENMINFAYUANSHENQINGBIANGENGCAICHANDAIGUANREN。”ZAIPANDUANCAICHANDAIGUANRENSHIFOUYINGWEISHIZONGRENCAICHANSUNSHICHENGDANZERENSHI, YINGGENJU《HETONGFA》《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOQINQUANZERENFA》DENGFALVDEXIANGGUANGUIDINGJIAYIPANDUAN, DUIYUCAICHANDAIGUANRENYIFEIFAZHANYOUWEIMUDE, EYIQINHAITARENCAICHANDE, YINGDANGZHUIJIUQIXINGSHIZEREN。《MINFAZONGZE》DEZHEIYIGUIDINGYU《XINGFA》DI270TIAOQINZHANZUISHIYIZHONGXIANJIEDEGUANXI, JI“JIANGDAIWEIBAOGUANDETARENCAIWUFEIFAZHANWEIJIYOU, SHUEJIAODA, JUBUTUIHAIDE”。QINZHANZUISHUYUGAOSUDECAICHULIDEZISUANJIAN。

                                (SAN) DUIDANXINGDEQUANLIBAOHUFAZUOWEIMINFATEBIEFADEGUIDING

                              星云棋牌官网下载   《MINFAZONGZE》DI128TIAOGUIDING:FALVDUIWEICHENGNIANREN、LAONIANREN、CANJIREN、FUNV、XIAOFEIZHEDENGDEMINSHIQUANLIBAOHUYOUTEBIEGUIDINGDE, YIZHAOQIGUIDING。GUOJIALIFAJIGUANYIJINGZHIDINGDE《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOWEICHENGNIANRENBAOHUFA》《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOLAONIANRENQUANYIBAOZHANGFA》《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOCANJIRENBAOHUFA》《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOFUNVQUANYIBAOHUFA》《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOXIAOFEIZHEQUANYIBAOHUFA》, QISHUXINGSHIMINFADETEBIEFA, DANSHIQIZHONGBAOHANFEIMINSHIFALVGUIFAN, JIGONGFADEFALVGUIFAN。YOUXUEZHETICHUZHEIXIEFALVGUIFANBINGBUSHIMINFATEBIEFA, BUJUYOUZAIMINFALINGYUZHONGYOUXIANXUANYONGDEXIAOLI, ERSHIYINGDANGZUNXUNGONGFADESHIYONGFANGFAYUYISHIYONG, PAICHUQIMINSHIFALVSHIYONGDEXIAOLI。RANERZAISHIJICAOZUOZHONG, SHIHENNANJIANGLIANGZHONGFALVGUIFANJIERANFENKAIDE。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   (SI) DUIWEICHENGNIANRENZAOSHOUXINGQINHAIDESUNHAIPEICHANGQINGQIUQUANSUSONGSHIXIAODETESHUQISUANDIANDEGUIDING

                              星云棋牌官网下载   《MINFAZONGZE》DI191TIAOGUIDING:WEICHENGNIANRENZAOSHOUXINGQINHAIDESUNHAIPEICHANGQINGQIUQUANDESUSONGSHIXIAOQIJIAN, ZISHOUHAIRENNIANMANSHIBAZHOUSUIZHIRIQIJISUAN。“XINGQINHAI”YIBANRENWEISHIXINGSHIFALVSHANGDEZHUANYOUMINGCI, DUIWEICHENGNIANRENDEXINGQINHAIXINGWEIDUOSHUDOUYISHEXIANFANZUI。《ZUIGAORENMINFAYUAN、ZUIGAORENMINJIANCHAYUAN、GONGANBU、SIFABUGUANYUYIFACHENGZHIXINGQINHAIWEICHENGNIANRENFANZUIDEYIJIAN》DI1TIAOGUIDING:“BENYIJIANSUOCHENGXINGQINHAIWEICHENGNIANRENFANZUI, BAOKUOXINGFADI236TIAO、DI237TIAO、DI358TIAO、DI359TIAO、DI360TIAODI2KUANGUIDINGDEZHENDUIWEICHENGNIANRENSHISHIDEQIANGJIANZUI, QIANGZHIWEIXIE、WURUFUNVZUI, WEIXIEERTONGZUI, ZUZHIMAIYINZUI, QIANGPOMAIYINZUI, YINYOU、RONGLIU、JIESHAOMAIYINZUI, YINYOUYOUNVMAIYINZUI, PIAOSUYOUNVZUIDENG。”GUANYUBENTIAOSHIFOUBIYAO, ZAILIFAGUOCHENGZHONGYOULIANGZHONGBUTONGYIJIAN, YOUDERENWEIYINGDANGGUIDING, YOUDERENWEIBUYINGDANGGUIDING。RENWEIBUYINGDANGGUIDINGBENTIAODEZHUYAOYIJIAN, SHIRENWEIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGGUOYUTESHU[10]。YEYOURENRENWEIZHEIYINGZAIXINGFAZHONGJIAYIGUIDING。“YOUDEDAIBIAOHESHEHUIGONGZHONGTICHU, SHOUSHEHUICHUANTONGGUANNIANYINGXIANG, BUSHAOZAOSHOUXINGQINHAIDEWEICHENGNIANRENJIQIJIANHURENWANGWANGBUYUAN、BUGANGONGKAIXUNQIUFALVBAOHU。SHOUHAIRENCHENGNIANZHIHOUZIJIXUNQIUFALVJIUJI, QUEWANGWANGYICHAOGUOSUSONGSHIXIAOQI。WEILEGENGHAODIBAOHUSHOUXINGQINHAIDEWEICHENGNIANRENDELIYI, JIANYIGUIDINGSUSONGSHIXIAOQISUANDETEBIEGUIZE。”[8]ZUIZHONGZHEIYITIAOBEI《MINFAZONGZE》SUOCAINA。

                                (WU) FARENZHIDUDEDIAOZHENGHEWANSHAN

                              星云棋牌官网下载   FARENZHIDUSHIMINSHIFALVDEYIXIANGJIBENZHIDU, SUIZHEJINGJISHEHUIDEFAZHAN, FARENXINGTAIFASHENGLEJIAODABIANHUA, WEISHIYINGZHEIYIBIANHUA, 《MINFAZONGZE》DUIFARENZHIDUJINXINGLEWANSHAN, YIXIETIAOKUANYOUGONGFAHUADEQINGXIANG。

                                1. CHENGLI、DENGJI、ZHONGZHI、JIESANGUIDINGJINYIBUWANSHAN

                              星云棋牌官网下载   RU《MINFAZONGZE》DI58TIAODI3KUANGUIDING:SHELIFAREN, FALV、XINGZHENGFAGUIGUIDINGXUJINGYOUGUANJIGUANPIZHUNDE, YIZHAOQIGUIDING。DI66TIAOGONGSHIDEGUIDING, DI68TIAO、69TIAOZHONGZHI、JIESANGUIDINGDENGFANGMIANDENEIRONG, YINRUGONGSIFA、DENGJIFADENGXINGZHENGFAGUIDEGUIDING。

                                2. WANSHANLEYINGLIFARENGUIDING

                                《MINFAZONGZE》JIANGFARENFENWEIYINGLIFAREN、FEIYINGLIFARENHETEBIEFAREN, ZAIYANJIUGUOCHENGZHONGSHOUDAOLEYIXIEQIANGLIEDEPIPING[11], DANLIFAZHEZUIZHONGJIANCHIZHEIYIYIJIAN, QIZHONGYOUYIXIEGONGFAHUAQINGXIANGDETIAOKUANYINGYINQIZHUYI。DI83TIAODI2KUANGUIDING:YINGLIFARENDECHUZIRENBUDELANYONGFARENDULIDIWEIHECHUZIRENYOUXIANZERENSUNHAIFARENDEZHAIQUANRENLIYI。LANYONGFARENDULIDIWEIHECHUZIRENYOUXIANZEREN, TAOBIZHAIWU, YANZHONGSUNHAIFARENDEZHAIQUANRENLIYIDE, YINGDANGDUIFARENZHAIWUCHENGDANLIANDAIZEREN。ZHEIYIGUIDINGSHIJIWOGUO《GONGSIFA》JIESHOUFARENRENGEFOURENLILUNDEJICHUSHANG, WEIWEIHUZHAIQUANRENLIYI, WEIHUZHENGCHANGJIAOYIZHIXU, JINYIBUZHONGSHENLEFARENRENGEFOUDINGDEGUIZE, BINGJIANGQIZUOWEIMINFALINGYUZHONGDEYIBANGUIZE。DI84TIAOGUIDINGDE“YINGLIFARENDEKONGGUCHUZIREN、SHIJIKONGZHIREN、DONGSHI、JIANSHI、GAOJIGUANLIRENYUANBUDELIYONGQIGUANLIANGUANXISUNHAIFARENDELIYI。LIYONGGUANLIANGUANXIJIFARENZAOCHENGSUNSHIDE, YINGDANGCHENGDANPEICHANGZEREN。”CIZHONGXINGWEI, RUXINGWEIRENJUYOUTESHUZHUTISHENFENDEKENENGZHUIJIUXINGSHIZEREN。

                                3. MINGQUELEYINGLIFARENDESHEHUIZEREN

                                《MINFAZONGZE》DI86TIAOGUIDING:YINGLIFARENCONGSHIJINGYINGHUODONG, YINGDANGZUNSHOUSHANGYEDAODE, WEIHUJIAOYIANQUAN, JIESHOUZHENGFUHESHEHUIDEJIANDU, CHENGDANSHEHUIZEREN。YINGLIFARENDESHEHUIZERENSHIJISHANGJIUSHIYIZHONGSHEHUIYIWU, SHIYIZHONGWEIHUHEBAOHUSHEHUIGONGYIDEYIWU, ZHEIZHONGXUANSHIXINGDETIAOKUANJUYOUGONGFAXINGZHI。

                                四、民事权利保障更全面, 限制更具体, 民事法律行为规则更完善

                              星云棋牌官网下载   (YI) ZENGJIAGUIDINGDUIGERENXINXIQUANDEBAOHUGUIDING

                              星云棋牌官网下载   《MINFAZONGZE》DI111TIAOGUIDING:“ZIRANRENDEGERENXINXISHOUFALVBAOHU。RENHEZUZHIHEGERENXUYAOHUOQUTARENGERENXINXIDE, YINGDANGYIFAQUDEBINGQUEBAOXINXIANQUAN, BUDEFEIFASHOUJI、SHIYONG、JIAGONG、CHUANSHUTARENGERENXINXI, BUDEFEIFAMAIMAI、TIGONGHUOZHEGONGKAITARENGERENXINXI。”“YOUDECHANGWEIWEIYUAN、BUMEN、FAXUEJIAOXUEYANJIUJIGOUHESHEHUIGONGZHONGTICHU, YIDUANSHIJIANYILAI, FEIFAHUOQU、FEIFACHUSHOUHUOZHEFEIFAXIANGTARENTIGONGGONGMINGERENXINXIDEWEIFAXINGWEIFANLAN, SHEHUIWEIHAIYANZHONG, JIANYIJINYIBUQIANGHUADUIGERENXINXIDEBAOHU。FALVWEIYUANHUIJINGYANJIURENWEI, GERENXINXIQUANLISHIGONGMINZAIXIANDAIXINXISHEHUIXIANGYOUDEZHONGYAOQUANLI, MINGQUEDUIGERENXINXIDEBAOHUDUIYUBAOHUGONGMINDERENGEZUNYAN, SHIGONGMINMIANSHOUFEIFAQINRAO, WEIHUZHENGCHANGDESHEHUIZHIXUJUYOUXIANSHIYIYI。”[8]DI127TIAOGUIDING:“FALVDUISHUJU、WANGLUOXUNICAICHANDEBAOHUYOUGUIDINGDE, YIZHAOQIGUIDING。”GERENXINXIDEBAOHUYIJINGCHENGWEIZHONGYAODESHEHUIWENTIHEFALVWENTI, YINQIQUANSHEHUIDEGUANZHU。2012NIAN12YUE28RI, QUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUITONGGUO《GUANYUJIAQIANGWANGLUOXINXIBAOHUDEJUEDING》, DUIGERENXINXIBAOHUGONGZUOJIYULEGUANZHU。《MINFAZONGZE》ZHEIYIGUIDINGYESHIQIYUXINGSHIFALVYOUSUOXIANJIEBINGBAOCHIYIZHI。2009NIAN《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOXINGFAXIUZHENGAN (QI) 》、2015NIAN《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOXINGFAXIUZHENGAN (JIU) 》TONGGUOZENGJIAHEXIUGAIDI253TIAOZHIYI, GUIDINGLE“WEIGUICHUSHOU、TIGONGGONGMINGERENXINXIFANZUIHEQIEQU、YIQITAFANGFAFEIFAHUOQUGONGMINGERENXINXIFANZUI”。

                                (ER) DUIWUQUANZUOCHUXIANZHIXINGDEGUIDING

                              星云棋牌官网下载   WUQUANSHIZHIQUANLIRENYIFADUITEDINGDEWUXIANGYOUDEZHIJIEZHIPEIHEPAITADEQUANLI。WUQUANDENEIRONGYOULIANGFANGMIAN:YISHIDUIWUDEZHIJIEZHIPEI, BINGXIANGSHOUQILIYI;ERSHIPAITADEBAOHUJUEDUIQUANXING。《MINFAZONGZE》DI117TIAOGUIDING:WEILEGONGGONGLIYIDEXUYAO, YIZHAOFALVGUIDINGDEQUANXIANHECHENGXUZHENGSHOU、ZHENGYONGBUDONGCHANHUOZHEDONGCHANDE, YINGDANGJIYUGONGPING、HELIDEBUCHANG。ZHENGSHOU、ZHENGYONGXINGWEIDEBENZHISHIGUOJIAXINGSHIGONGQUANLIQIANGZHIXINGDIQUDEHUOZHELINSHIZHANYONGMINSHIZHUTIDEBUDONGCHANHUOZHEDONGCHAN, ZHEISHIYIZHONGBUYIMINSHIZHUTIDEYIZHIWEIZHUANYIDEWUQUANBIANDONGXINGWEI。WEILEBAOZHANGTEDINGQINGXINGXIAGUOJIAGONGGONGLIYIZHISHIXIAN, FUYUGUOJIAZHENGSHOU、ZHENGYONGQUANBIBUKESHAO。《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOWUQUANFA》《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOTUDIGUANLIFA》《GUOYOUTUDISHANGFANGWUZHENGSHOUYUBUCHANGTIAOLI》DENGDUIZHENGSHOU、ZHENGYONGYOUGENGWEIXIANGXIDEGUIDING。MINSHIQUANLIRENSUOXIANGYOUDEMINSHIQUANLIBINGBUSHIJUEDUIDE、BUSHOUXIANZHIDEQUANLI, XIANGFAN, XIANDAIMINFADUIYUMINSHIQUANLIDENEIRONGJIXINGSHIZHUJIANSHEZHILEYUELAIYUEDUODEXIANZHI, CONGERSHIMINSHIQUANLIJUYOULESHEHUIHUADETEDIAN。DUIWUQUANERYAN, ZHENGFUJIYUSHEHUIGONGGONGLIYIDEXUYAO, KEYIZHENGSHOU、ZHENGYONGHUOZHEDUIMINSHIQUANLIDEXINGSHIJINXINGQITABIYAODEXIANZHI。

                                (SAN) ZENGJIAQUANLIBUDELANYONGDEGUIDING

                                《MINFAZONGZE》DI132TIAOGUIDING:MINSHIZHUTIBUDELANYONGMINSHIQUANLISUNHAIGUOJIALIYI、SHEHUIGONGGONGLIYIHUOZHETARENHEFAQUANYI。ZAISIFAZIZHIYUANZEZUCHENGDESHIMINSHEHUIZHIXIA, JIANLIHEWANSHANSHICHANGJINGJITIZHI, JIYAOQUELIGERENXINGSHIQUANLIZIYOUJUYUHEXINDIWEIDEJIBENYUANZE, TONGSHIYEXUQIANGDIAOXINGSHIQUANLIZIYOUYINGDANGZUNZHONGTAREN, BUDESUNHAITARENDEFALVLUNLIYUANZE, QUANLIXINGSHIXUYAOSHOUDAOXIANZHI, ZHEISHIQUANLISHEHUIHUADEYINGYOUZHIYI。QUANLIDEXINGSHIBUDEWEIFANGONGGONGLIYI, QIANGDIAOSIQUANDEGONGGONGXING, YESHIQUANLISHEHUIHUADEZHONGYAONEIHAN。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   (SI) WANSHANLEMINSHIFALVXINGWEIDEXIAOLIGUIZE

                              星云棋牌官网下载   《MINFAZONGZE》DI147TIAO、148TIAO、149TIAO、150TIAO、151TIAOFENBIEFUYUZHONGDAWUJIEREN、SHOUQIZHAFANG、SHOUXIEPOFANG、SHOUSUNHAIFANGYICHEXIAOQUAN, DANTONGSHIYEYANGEXIANZHILECHEXIAOQUANDEXINGSHIFANGSHI, YAOQIUQIYINGYISUSONGHUOZHONGCAIDEFANGSHIXINGSHIQUANLI, YIBIMIANCHEXIAOQUANDELANYONG, ZHEISHIGONGQUANJIERUSIFALINGYUDEBIAOXIAN。CIWAI, DI153TIAOHAIGUIDINGLEWEIFANFALV、XINGZHENGFAGUIDEXIAOLIXINGQIANGZHIGUIDINGHUOZHEWEIBEIGONGXULIANGSUDEMINSHIFALVXINGWEIWUXIAO。ZAIFALV、XINGZHENGFAGUIDEXIAOLIXINGQIANGZHIGUIDINGZHONG, JIUBAOHANLELIFAZHEDUIYUMOUYILEIXINGDEMINSHIFALVXINGWEIDEFOUDINGXINGPINGJIA, GAIGUIDINGDEMUDEJIUSHISHIZHEILEIMINSHIFALVXINGWEIWUXIAO。YINCI, ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA, DANGSHIRENDEYISIZIZHIDANGRANYAORANGWEIYULIFAZHEDEYIZHI。ERWEIBEIGONGXULIANGSUDEMINSHIFALVXINGWEIWUXIAO, JIFALVBUNENGYUNXUWEIFANFALVBENSHENJIAZHITIXI (GONGGONGZHIXU) HUOWEIFANLUNLI (SHANLIANGFENGSU) DEXINGWEIHUODEFALVSHANGDEQIANGZHILI (ZHENGCHANGYOUXIAODEMINSHIFALVXINGWEIJUYOUQIANGZHILI) 。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   (WU) ZENGJIALEKUANGZHENGSHEHUIFENGQIDENGFANGMIANDEMINSHIZERENGUIDING

                                1. JIANGCHENGFAXINGPEICHANGZUOWEIMINSHIZERENDEFANGSHI

                              星云棋牌官网下载   CHENGFAXINGPEICHANG, SHIZHIJIAHAIRENZHIFUPEICHANGJINDESHUECHAOGUOSHOUHAIRENDESHIJISUNHAISHUE。TAJUYOUBUCHANGSHOUHAIRENZAOSHOUDESUNSHI、CHENGFAHEEZHIBUFAXINGWEIDEDUOZHONGGONGNENG。YIBANRENWEIXINGFADECHENGFAXING、MINFADEBUCHANGXINGSHILIANGZHEDEZHONGYAOQUBIE, DANJINNIANLAIYUELAIYUEDUODEGUOJIAKAISHIZHUYIDAOCHENGFAXINGPEICHANGZAIDIAOZHENGSHEHUIGUANXIZHONGDEZUOYONG。WOGUOMUQIANGUANYUCHENGFAXINGPEICHANGDEFALVGUIDINGZUIZAOSHIZAI1994NIANSHIXINGDE《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOXIAOFEIZHEQUANYIBAOHUFA》ZHONGCHUXIANDE。《MINFAZONGZE》DI179TIAOJIZHONGGUIDINGLE11ZHONGMINSHIZERENFANGSHI, ZAIDI2KUANSHIDUICHENGFAXINGPEICHANGZUOCHUZHIYINXINGGUIDING:FALVGUIDINGCHENGFAXINGPEICHANGDE, YIZHAOQIGUIDING。MUQIANQITAFALVDUICHENGFAXINGPEICHANGDEZHUYAOZAI《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOQINQUANZERENFA》《HETONGFA》《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOXIAOFEIZHEQUANYIBAOHUFA》《LVYOUFA》《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOSHANGBIAOFA》《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOSHIPINANQUANFA》ZHONGGUIDING。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   2. ZENGJIA“HAORENFA”DENEIRONG

                                《MINFAZONGZE》DI184TIAOGUIDING:YINZIYUANSHISHIJINJIJIUZHUXINGWEIZAOCHENGSHOUZHURENSUNHAIDE, JIUZHURENBUCHENGDANMINSHIZEREN。ZAIWOGUOZHIQIANDEMINSHILIFAZHONG, BINGWUGUANYUZIYUANSHISHIJINJIJIUZHUXINGWEIZAOCHENGTARENSUNHAIMIANCHUZERENDEGUIDING, ZHEIYIGUIDINGYOUBEICHENGWEI“HAOSAMALIYARENFA”, GEGUOCHABUDUODOUYOUGUIDING, ZAIWOGUOMINJIANBEIJIAOZUO“HAORENFA”。《MINFAZONGZE》DIYICIQUELISHANYIJIUZHUZHEZERENHUOMIANGUIZE, YIYINGDUISHEHUICHENGXINJIANSHEDEPOQIEYAOQIU。CONGERGULIGONGMINDUIBUFUJIUZHUYIWUDETARENSHISHIJIUZHU, FUYUSHANYIJIUZHUZHEZAIYIBANGUOSHIFANWEINEIDEHUOMIANQUAN。DADAJIANGDISHANYISHIJIUZHESUOYAOCHENGDANDEFENGXIAN, BAOHUHAOSHANYISHIJIUZHE。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   3. ZENGJIABAOHUYINGXIONGLIESHIDENGRENGEQUANYIDEGUIDING

                              星云棋牌官网下载   《MINFAZONGZE》DI185TIAOGUIDING:QINHAIYINGXIONGLIESHIDENGDEXINGMING、XIAOXIANG、MINGYU、RONGYU, SUNHAISHEHUIGONGGONGLIYIDE, YINGDANGCHENGDANMINSHIZEREN。ZHEIYIGUIDINGYOUZHEXIANMINGDESHIDAITESEHESHENKEDESHEHUIBEIJING, ZAISHENYIGUOCHENGZHONG, “YOUDEDAIBIAOTICHU, XIANSHISHENGHUOZHONG, YIXIERENLIYONGWAIQUSHISHI、FEIBANGMOHEIDENGFANGSHIEYIDIHUIWURUYINGLIEDEMINGYU、RONGYUDENG, SUNHAILESHEHUIGONGGONGLIYI, SHEHUIYINGXIANGHENELIE, YINGDUICIYUYIGUIFAN。FALVWEIYUANHUIJINGYANJIURENWEI, YINGXIONGHELIESHISHIYIGEGUOJIAHEMINZUJINGSHENDETIXIAN, SHIYINLINGSHEHUIFENGSHANGDEBIAOGAN, JIAQIANGDUIYINGLIEXINGMING、MINGYU、RONGYUDENGDEFALVBAOHU, DUIYUCUJINSHEHUIZUNCHONGYINGLIE, YANGSHANYIE, HONGYANGSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUANYIYIZHONGDA。”[8]DANGQINHAIYINGXIONGLIESHIDENGDERENGEQUANYIYIJINGYANZHONGSUNHAIDAOSHEHUIGONGGONGLIYISHI, GUOJIAGONGQUANJIGUANWEILEWEIHUSHEHUIGONGGONGLIYI, KEYIYEYINGDANGTIQIMINSHIGONGYISUSONG。YOUQISHIZAIMEIYOUMINSHIZHUTIDUICIYIFATIQISUSONGSHI, GONGQUANJIGUANGENGYINGGAIZHUDONGJIERU[12]。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   4. JINYIBUMINGQUEMINSHIZERENYOUXIANYUANZE

                                《MINFAZONGZE》DI187TIAOGUIDING:MINSHIZHUTIYINTONGYIXINGWEIYINGDANGCHENGDANMINSHIZEREN、XINGZHENGZERENHEXINGSHIZERENDE, CHENGDANXINGZHENGZERENHUOZHEXINGSHIZERENBUYINGXIANGCHENGDANMINSHIZEREN;MINSHIZHUTIDECAICHANBUZUYIZHIFUDE, YOUXIANYONGYUCHENGDANMINSHIZEREN。MINSHIZERENYOUXIANZAIWOGUO《XINGFA》DI36TIAOZHONGYEYOUGUIDING, 《MINFAZONGZE》DEZHEIYIGUIDINGYU《XINGFA》GUIDINGQUTONG, TIXIANLEGUOJIAFALVBAOHURENQUANHEGONGMINGERENCAICHANQUAN, LIFAWEIMINHESIFAWEIMIN, GOUJIANHEXIESHEHUIDELINIAN。

                                五、民法的开放性特征决定了《民法总则》的公法化倾向

                              星云棋牌官网下载   《MINFAZONGZE》DEGONGFAHUAQINGXIANGSHIYOUMINFADEKAIFANGXINGSUOJUEDINGDE, ZHEIZHONGSIFADEGONGFAHUAQINGXIANGBINGWEIDONGYAOHEYINGXIANGGONGFAYUSIFADEHUAFEN, GONGFAYUSIFADEQUFENZAIJINTIANRENGYOUYIYI, ERLINGYIFANGMIANSIFAYUGONGFADEQUJINYURONGHEYOUSHIBIRANDE。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   (YI) SIFAGONGFAHUAMEIYOUDONGYAOGONGSIFAHUAFENDEJICHU

                                YOULUNZHERENWEI, SIFADEGONGFAHUAYIJINGDONGYAOLEGONGSIFAHUAFENDEJICHU, SHIERZHEDEHUAFENSHIQUYIYI。BIZHEDUICINANYIZANTONG, LISHISHANGGONGSIFADEHUAFEN, WEILUOMAFASUOSHOUCHUANG。LUOMAFAXUEJIAWUERBIANCENGSHUO:GONGFASHIYOUGUANLUOMAGUOJIAWENDINGDEFA, SIFASHISHEJIGERENLIYIDEFA[13]。WUERBIANDEZHEIYILUNSHUDUIXIFANGFALVCHUANTONGCHANSHENGLEJUDADEYINGXIANG, XIFANGZHULIUFAXUEJIADOUZHICHIBINGYANYONGGONGFAYUSIFADEHUAFEN。ZHISHIDAOLEJINXIANDAI, BUTONGYIGONGFAHESIFAHUAFENDEGUANDIANCAICHUXIAN。CHUNCUIFAXUEPAIDEDAIBIAORENKAIERSENYEJIANJUEFOUDINGGONGFAHESIFADEQUBIE。JINGUANYOUYUDUIGONGSIFADEHUAFENBIAOZHUNHAICUNZAIYIXIEFENQI, DANSHIZHULIUYIJIANRENWEIGONGFAYUSIFADEQUFENSHIYOUBIYAODE。GONGSIFADEQUBIE, CHUYOUZHUYURENSHIERZHEDETESEWAI, QIZHUYAOSHIYIZAIYUSUSONGSHIDEFAYUANGUANXIAJIJIUJICHENGXU。SUIRANZAIDIERCISHIJIEDAZHANZHIHOU, CHUXIANLEMOUXIE“SIFAGONGFAHUA”“GONGFASIFAHUA”DEXIANXIANG, DANYEBUNENGYICIWEIYOUFOURENGONGSIFADEHUAFEN, ERQIEZHEIZHONGGONGSIFAQUJINYURONGHEDEXIANXIANGZHENGSHIYIGONGSIFADEHUAFENWEIJICHUDE, SUOWEIDEGONGFAYUSIFAFAYUCHUXIANDEYIXIEJIAOCHADEQINGKUANG, BINGBUNENGSHUOMINGCHUANTONGDEGONGFAYUSIFADEWANQUANHUNTONG。“SIFAGONGFAHUA”, JUEBUSHIGONGFAYOUWEIZHUYI, PIANMIANRENWEIGONGFADEDIWEIYOUYUSIFA。ER“GONGFADESHENRU, BINGWEIDONGYAOSIFADEGENBEN——SIFAZIZHI。”[14]GONGSIFADEFENLEIDUIWOMENDEQISHIZAIYU:GONGSIFADEHUAFENSHIYONGLAIQUFENFALVSHUXINGDEYIGEZHONGYAOCANZHAOBIAOZHUN;GONGFAYUSIFAZHIJIANYINGGAIYOUYITIAOQINGXIJIEXIAN;GONGQUANYUSIQUANZHIJIANYEYINGYOUMINGQUEFENJIE。

                                (ER) SIFAYUGONGFARONGHESHIYIZHONGBIRAN

                                ZUINENGDAIBIAOSIFAXINGZHIDESHIMINFA, ZAIYIGESHIQISHENZHISHISIFADEQUANBU, MINFAJIUSHIZHENGGESIFA。“MINFA”ZHEIYICHENGWEIBINGFEIZHIGUANYUGONGMINDIWEIDEFALV, TALAIZILUOMASHIQIDE“SHIMINFA”。SUIZHESHIJIANDETUIYI, YUELAIYUEDUODETEBIEFALVLINGYU (ZHENDUITEDINGRENQUN, RUSHANGREN) XIANGJICHANSHENG。YINCI, JINTIANDEMINFAZHIDESHIXIANGDUIYUJINSHIYONGYUTEDINGSIFALINGYUDETEBIESIFAERYANDEYIBANSIFA。SIFA (HUOZHEMINFA) SHIZHEIYANGYIGEFALVLINGYU, TAGUIDINGLEGEGEZUZHIZHONGPINGDENGCHENGYUANZHIJIANDEGUANXI。XIANGFAN, GONGFAZEDADUOSHEJIDIAOZHENGSHANGXIAJIGUANXIDEGUIZE。SHUYUGONGFAFANCHOUDEFALVLINGYUJUNBUSHUYUSIFA。YINCIXIALIEFALVLINGYUZUOWEIGONGFADEZUCHENGBUFEN:GUOJIAFA、XINGZHENGFA、GUOJIFA、XINGFA、SUSONGFA[15]。ZAIGONGFAYUSIFADEJIAOCUOJIHUDONGZHONG, SIFAYUGONGFADEHUDONGYURONGHESHIZIRANERRANDE。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   (SAN) MINFADEKAIFANGXINGJUEDING《MINFAZONGZE》ZHIDINGZHONGDEGONGFAHUAQINGXIANG

                              星云棋牌官网下载   CONGXINGFAYUMINFADEDIAOZHENGFANWEIJIFAYUANJIAODULAIKAN, XINGFAYOUJUXIANXINGERMINFAYOUKAIFANGXING。SUOWEIXINGFADEJUXIANXING, SHIZHIXINGFABAOHUDEFAYIFANWEISUIRANXIANGDANGGUANGFAN, DANQICHUFAFANWEISHIYOUJUXIANDE, ZAIFAYUANSHANGSHIXIANSUODE;MINFADEKAIFANGXING, SHIZHIMINFAZAIDIAOZHENGFANWEISHANGSHIKUOZHANGDE, ZAIFAYUANSHANGSHIDUOYANGDE。XINGFADEJUXIANXINGSHOUXIANSHIYINWEIXINGFASHIBAOHUFAYIDEZUIHOUSHOUDUAN, SUOYIXINGFABINGWEIJIANGSUOYOUQINHAIFAYIDEXINGWEIGUIDINGWEIFANZUI, ERZHISHIJIANGQIZHONGBUFENYANZHONGQINHAIFAYIDEXINGWEIGUIDINGWEIFANZUI。QICI, JISHISHIYANZHONGQINHAIFAYIDEXINGWEI, DANYOUYUXINGSHIZHENGCEDENGFANGMIANDEYUANYIN, LIFAZHEYEKENENGBUJIANGQIGUIDINGWEIFANZUI。ZUIHOU, CHENGWENDEXINGFAZONGSHIJUYOUJUXIANXING, YIXIEYANZHONGQINHAIFAYIDEXINGWEIYOUKENENGBEIYILOU, ERSIFAJIGUANBIXUKESHOUZUIXINGFADINGDEYUANZE。MINFASUODIAOZHENGDESHEHUIGUANXIDEBENZHITEDIANJIUZAIYUZHUTIDEPINGDENGXING, ZHEISHIMINFAQUBIEYUXINGFADENGQITABUMENFALVDEGENBENZHICHU。MINFADEZHEIYITEXING, JUEDINGLEMINFADEKAIFANGXING。MINFADEKAIFANGXINGSHI《MINFAZONGZE》ZHIDINGGUOCHENGZHONG, WEILEHONGYANGSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUAN、WEIHUSHEHUIHEJINGJIZHIXUYINRUDALIANGGONGFADENEIRONG, JIADAGONGQUANLIDEJIERU, CHENGXIANCHUYIZHONGGONGFAHUADEQUSHI, ZHEISHIMINFAKAIFANGXINGDEBIRANJIEGUO。

                                六、民法制定过程与其在中国特色社会主义法律体系中的地位, 以及宪法要求决定《民法总则》中的公法化倾向

                              星云棋牌官网下载   MINFAZAIGEGUOFALVTIXIZHONGDOUZHANYOUZHONGYAODEDIWEI。MINFASHISHICHANGJINGJIDEJIBENFA, ERSHICHANGJINGJIJIUSHIFAZHIJINGJI, TEBIESHIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJIDEJIANLIHEWANSHANBIXUYIKAOMINFADEZHICHI。“YAOSHISHICHANGZAIZIYUANPEIZHIZHONGQIJUEDINGXINGZUOYONGHEGENGHAOFAHUIZHENGFUZUOYONG, BIXUYIBAOHUCHANQUAN、WEIHUQIYUE、PINGDENGJIAOHUAN、GONGPINGJINGZHENG、YOUXIAOJIANGUANWEIJIBENDAOXIANG, WANSHANSHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJIZHIDU。”《MINFAZONGZE》DETONGGUOHESHIXINGJIANGDIANDINGFAZHIJINGJIDEZHIDUJICHU, DUIQUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGEHEQUANMIANTUIJINYIFAZHIGUOTIGONGJIBENGUIZEHEJIBENYUANZE。

                                (YI) 《MINFAZONGZE》ZAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIFALVTIXIZHONGZHANYOUZHONGYAODIWEI, QILIFAGUOCHENGTIXIANLEDANGDEYIZHI

                                ZHENGRUWOGUOTAIWANXUEZHEWANGZEJIANJIUQINGMOLIFAHUODONGZHICHUDE:“JINDAIGEGUOZHIDINGMINFADIAN, DOUJUYOUYIDINGZHENGZHIMUDE。ZHONGGUOZHIDINGMINFADIANDEMUDE, YURIBENXIANGTONG, JIEZAIYUFEICHULINGSHICAIPANQUANJIBIANFAWEIXIN。”[16]ZHEIYILUNDIANZAIJINTIANRENGSHISHIYONGDE。HUIGUWOGUOJIANGUOHOUMINFABIANZUANLISHI, MINFAZAIBIANZUANGUOCHENGZHONGDEMEIYIBUDOUSHIYOUDANGZHONGYANGJIAYITUIJINDE。1954NIANKAISHI, QUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIZUCHENGZHUANMENDEBANZIKAISHIMINFADIANQICAOGONGZUO, BINGYU1956NIAN12YUEWANCHENGMINFACAOAN。1962NIAN, MAOZEDONGTONGZHITICHU, BUJINXINGFAYAOGAO, MINFAYEYAOGAO。WOGUODIERCIKAISHIQICAOMINFADIAN。1964NIAN7YUEWANCHENG《MINFADIANCAOAN (SHINIGAO) 》。1978NIAN, SUIZHEGAIGEKAIFANGZHENGCEDESHISHIHEJINGJIDEXUNSUFAZHAN, GENJUZHONGYANGLINGDAODEPISHI, 1979NIANDISANCIQICAOMINFADIAN, ZHI1982NIANWANCHENGMINFADIANCAOAN。GAIFADIANQICAOZHICHUZHENGYIHENDUO, JINGUANMEIYOUZHENGSHITONGGUO, DANSHIGAICAOANCHENGWEIMINFATONGZEZHIDINGDEZHONGYAOJICHU。DAO1982NIAN, LIFAJIGUANRENWEIWOGUOZHIDINGMINFADIANDETIAOJIANBUCHENGSHU, SUIKAISHIQICAODANXINGFALV, ZAI1986NIANTONGGUOLE《MINFATONGZE》。1998NIAN, QUANGUORENDAZHENGSHIQIDONGMINFADIANDEQICAOGONGZUO。2002NIAN12YUE, MINFADIANCAOANZAIQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIDIYICISHENYI, BIAOZHIZHEWOGUOMINFATIXIHUAGONGZUOYIJINRUZHONGYAOSHIQI。CIHOU, LIFAJIGUANJUEDINGDUIMINFADIANCAIQUFENJIEDUAN、FENBUZHOUZHIDINGDEFANGSHI, SHOUXIANJINXINGDESHIWUQUANFADEZHIDING。ZHEICI“MINFADIANDEBIANZUAN, BENSHENJIUZHAOSHIYUZHIZHENGDANGDEZHENGZHIJUEDING。”[17]2014NIAN10YUE23RI, DANGDESHIBAJIESIZHONGQUANHUITONGGUOLE《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGGUANYUQUANMIANTUIJINYIFAZHIGUORUOGANZHONGDAWENTIDEJUEDING》TICHU:“JIAQIANGSHICHANGFALVZHIDUJIANSHE, BIANZUANMINFADIAN”DERENWU。ZHEIYIJUEDINGJIANGMINFADIANTEBIESHI《MINFAZONGZE》DELIFAJINDUDADATISU。2016NIAN6YUE14RI, XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZHUCHIZHAOKAIZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUCHANGWEIHUIHUIYI, TINGQUQUANGUORENDADANGZU《GUANYUMINFADIANBIANZUANGONGZUOHEMINFAZONGZE (CAOAN) JIGEZHUYAOWENTIDEQINGSHI》DEHUIBAO, YUANZETONGYIQINGQIUBINGJIUZUOHAOMINFADIANBIANZUANHE《MINFAZONGZE (CAOAN) 》SHENYIXIUGAIGONGZUOZUOCHUZHONGYAOZHISHI。ZHENGSHIYOUYUMINFAZAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIFALVTIXIZHONGDEDIWEIHEZUOYONG, CAIYINQIDANGZHONGYANG、QUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIDEGAODUZHONGSHI。CONGMINFADIANDEBIANZUANGUOCHENGLAIKAN, MINFADIANDEMEIYICIQIDONGBIANZUAN, DOULIBUKAIDANGZHONGYANGDEZHICHI。ZHEISHIYINWEI“MINFADESHUXINGSHIBAOHURENMINDERENSHENQUANLIHECAICHANQUANLI, ERWEIHUZUIGUANGDARENMINDEGENBENLIYI, SHIZHONGSHIWOMENDANGDEGENBENZONGZHI, SHICONGDANGCHENGLIDENEIYITIANQIJIUXIEZAIQIZHISHANGDE。BIANZUANMINFADIAN、ZHIDINGMINFAZONGZEDEGUOCHENG, JIUSHIJIANXINGDANGDEGENBENZONGZHI, HUIYINGRENMINGUANQIEDEGUOCHENG。”“BIANZUANMINFADIAN、ZHIDINGMINFAZONGZEJIUSHIYAOBADANGZHONGYANGZHIDINGDEZHENGCEYIFALVXINGSHIJIAYILUOSHI, SHIRENMINQUNZHONGDELIYIDEDAOQIESHIDEBAOZHANG。”[18]MINFADELIFAGUOCHENGYEKEYISHIWOMENRENSHIDAO《MINFAZONGZE》DEGONGFAHUAQINGXIANGSHIBIRANDE。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   (ER) MINFADEZHIDINGBIXUYIXIANFAWEIYIJU

                                GUANYUMINFAHEXIANFAZHIJIANDEGUANXI, DAIBIAOXINGDEGUANDIANYOUSANFANGMIAN:YISHICHUANTONGDEMUZIGUANXILUN;ERSHIMINFAZHISHANGLUN;SANSHIPINGQIPINGZUOLUN[19]。YOUXUEZHERENWEI:“MINFASUODIAOZHENGDESHIMINSHEHUI, WEISHEHUIZHENGTIDEERFENZHIYI (LINGYIBANWEIZHENGZHIGUOJIA) , YINCIMINFASHIYUXIANFAXIANGBINGLIEDECUNZAI, GAOYUQITABUMENFA, WEIGENBENFAZHIYI。”[20]DUIHOULIANGZHONGGUANDIAN, YIJINGYOUXUDUOXUEZHEJIAYIFANBO, BIZHEBUZAIZHUISHU, DANZHEIYECONGLINGYIGEFANGMIANFANYINGLEMINFAZAIFALVTIXIZHONGDEZHONGYAODIWEI。ZHEICI《MINFAZONGZE》ZHIDINGGUOCHENGZHONG, XUEJIEJIUSHIFOUYINGDANGXIERU“GENJUXIANFA, ZHIDINGBENFA”CUNZAIZHENGYI。YOULUNZHEZHICHU:ZHEIZHONGXIANFAYIJULUNBIDINGHUIDAOZHIMINFAZHISHIXIANFADEJIANDANSHIXINGFADEJIELUN, YINWEIQICUBAODIFOUDINGMINFAZAIZHIDINGYIJUSHANGDEDULIXING, SHIJIYEJIUSHIFOURENLEMINFADEDULIXING, SHUYUCONGYUANTOUQIEDUANMINFAYUANQUANDEZUOFA。GUANYUZHEIYILUNDIANYEYINQILEXUESHUJIEDEZHENGLUN, BIZHEZAICIYIMINFAXUEZHEDEGUANDIANLAIJIAYILUNZHENG, WANGLIMINGJIAOSHOUMINGQUETICHU《MINFAZONGZE》ZHONGYOUBIYAOXIERU“GENJUXIANFA, ZHIDINGBENFA”, ZHEIYIBIAOSHUBINGBUSHIYAOBIMIANBUBIYAODEZHENGYI, GENGZHONGYAODEYUANYINZAIYU, CIZHONGGUIDINGYOULIYUWEIHUZHENGGEFALVTIXIDEHEXIE、BAOZHANGMINFADIANDEZHIDINGFUHEXIANFA, JUYOURUXIAZHONGYAODEXIANSHIYIYI。DIYI, ZHANGXIANXIANFADEGENBENFADIWEI, WEIHUFALVTIXIHEXIETONGYI。XIANFAJUYOUZUIGAODEFALVXIAOLI, MINFADIANDEGUIFANBUDEYUXIANFADEGUIDINGXIANGDICHU。MINFADIANGUIFANDEJIAZHIHEXIAOLILAIYUANYUXIANFAGUIDING。DIER, SHIXIANDUIMINFAGUIFANDEHEXIANXINGKONGZHI, SHIMINFADIANFUHEXIANFADEJINGSHEN。DISAN, TONGGUOHEXIANXINGJIESHIFANGFA, ZHUNQUEJIESHIMINFAGUIZE。DISI, BAOZHANGXIANFADESHISHI。

                                XIANFAJUYOUZUIGAODEFALVXIAOLI, SHIGUOJIADEGENBENFA, QUELILEYIGEGUOJIADEGENBENZHIDU。ZHUYAOSHEJIGUOTI、ZHENGTI、GUOJIAJIEGOUXINGSHI、GONGMINDEJIBENQUANLIYUJIBENYIWU、GUOJIAJIGUANYUGONGMINZHIJIANDEGUANXI、XIANFAYUFALVZHIJIANDEGUANXI、XIANFASHISHIDEBAOZHANGJIZHIDENG。XIANFASHIGONGFAWUYONGZHIYI。XIANFAZUIGAOFALVXIAOLIBIAOXIANZAIRENHEFALV、FAGUIBIXUJIYUXIANFAERCHANSHENG, FALV、FAGUIDENEIRONGYINGDANGFUHEXIANFADEYAOQIU。《MINFAZONGZE》DI1TIAOGUIDINGLEMINFADELIFAGENJU, JI“GENJUXIANFA, ZHIDINGBENFA”, ZHEIYIGUIDINGBUSHIKEYOUKEWUDE, YEBUSHI“ZHENGZHIXUANSHIXING”DETIAOKUAN, ERSHIBIXUJIAYIMINGQUEGUIDINGDE。YISHICHANMINGLIFAQUANDEYIJU。ZAIRENHEGUOJIA, MINFADIANDEBANXINGDOUSHILIFAQUANYUNXINGDEJIEGUO, MEIYOUXIANFASHOUQUAN, LIFAJIGUANBUKENENGZHIDINGFALV, MINFADIANZHIDINGJIULAIZIXIANFASHOUQUAN。ERSHIMINGQUEGUIFANXIAOLIDELAIYUAN。GUIFANDEXIAOLIBUNENGZISHE, XIAWEIGUIFANDEXIAOLILAIZISHANGWEIGUIFANDESHOUQUAN。SANSHILIFAQUANSHOUXIANFAXIANZHI。BIAOXIANWEILIFAQUANBUDEYUYUEQUANLIJIEXIAN, BUDEZHIDINGQINHAIJIBENQUANLIDEFALV, LIFAXUFUHEZHENGDANGCHENGXU。SISHIJUTIHUAXIANFANEIHAN。FALVFUYOUJUTIHUAXIANFANEIHANDEYIWU, JIBENQUANLIYIRAN。“GUOJIADELIFASHIZHENGZHIXINGWEI, SHIXIANFASHOUYUZUIGAOLIFAQUANDEQUANGUORENDAJIQICHANGWEIHUIDEZUOPIN。”[21]GENJU《XIANFA》HE《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOLIFAFA》DEGUIDING, JIBENFALVBIXUYOUQUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUITONGGUO, MINFADIANSHUYUJIBENFALV, YINCIBIXUYOUQUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUISHENYITONGGUO。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   (SAN) 《MINFAZONGZE》DENEIRONGBIXUTIXIANXIANFAJINGSHEN

                              星云棋牌官网下载   XIANFASHIYIGEGUOJIADEGENBENFA, TAJIZHONGTIXIANLEXIANFAZHIDINGZHEDEYIZHI。ZAIJIEJISHEHUISHANGCUNDELISHIJIEDUAN, XIANFAZHIDINGZHEDEYIZHIBIRANJUYOUFANYINGJIEJIDOUZHENGZHONGGEZHONGLILIANGDESHIJIDUIBIGUANXIDEGONGNENG。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZHICHU:“XIANFAYUGUOJIAQIANTU、RENMINMINGYUNXIXIXIANGGUAN。WEIHUXIANFAQUANWEI, JIUSHIWEIHUDANGHERENMINGONGTONGYIZHIDEQUANWEI。HANWEIXIANFAZUNYAN, JIUSHIHANWEIDANGHERENMINGONGTONGYIZHIDEZUNYAN。BAOZHENGXIANFASHISHI, JIUSHIBAOZHENGRENMINGENBENLIYIDESHIXIAN。”“YAOGENGJIAZIJUEDIKESHOUXIANFAYUANZE、HONGYANGXIANFAJINGSHEN、LVXINGXIANFASHIMING。”[22]《MINFAZONGZE》DEZHIDINGBIXUTIXIANHEGUANCHEXIANFAJINGSHEN, SUOWEIXIANFAJINGSHENJIUSHIRENMENDUIXIANFADEYISHI、SIWEIYUXINLIZHUANGTAI, TIXIANGUOJIADEGENJIYU“YUANQI”, XIANFAJINGSHENYI“RENDEZUNYAN”ZUOWEIXIANFAZHIDUCUNZAIDEJIBENZHEXUE。XIANFADUIRENMINZHUQUANYUANZE、FAZHIGUOJIADENGYUANZEDEGUIDINGQUELILEJIAZHIGUANNIANDEDUOYUANXING, GOUCHENGLEDUOYUANSHEHUIDEJIBENDIXIANHEGONGSHI, YESHIPANDUANQITASHEHUIYISHISHIFOUJUYOUXIANJINXINGDEJIBENBIAOZHUN。XIANFAJINGSHENYOUZHUYUSHIXIANLIFAGUOCHENGDEKEXUEXING, DUILIFADEYUESHUYOUZHUYUXUNQIUSHEHUIGONGSHI, TEBIESHITIXIANMINFADIANDEMINYIJICHU。MINFADIANBIANZUANBUTONGYUYIBANDELIFA, YEBUTONGYUYIBANDEXIUFA, TAXUYAOYIZHONGGAOYULIFAJISHUDEJIAZHIYINLING。ZUNZHONGXIANFAGUIFAN, YOUZHUYULIFANEIRONGFUHEXIANFAJINGSHEN, BINGJIANGZHEIZHONGJINGSHENNEIHUAWEISHEHUIDEZHUNZEHEGONGSHI, YESHIDUISHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUANDEQUEREN、KENDINGYUWEIHU, BINGFUYUQIZUIGAODEFALVXIAOLIYUQUANWEI。DANGDESHIBAJIESIZHONGQUANHUITICHU“SUOYOULIFAYAOFUHEXIANFAJINGSHEN”, “YAOSHIXIANGONGMINQUANLIBAOZHANGDEFAZHIHUA。ZHEISHIZONGJIEWOGUOMINZHUFAZHIJIANSHEJINGYANJIAOXUNERDECHUDEZHONGYAOJIELUN, SHIWOMENDANGGENBENZONGZHIDENEIZAIYAOQIU。WOGUOXIANFAQUELILEBAOZHANGGONGMINRENSHENQUANLIHECAICHANQUANLIDEYUANZE, BIXUZAIMINSHIFALVZHONGYUYITIXIANHELUOSHI。TONGGUOBIANZUANMINFADIAN, JIANQUANMINSHIFALVZHIXU, JIUSHIYAOJIAQIANGDUIMINSHIZHUTIHEFAQUANYIDEBAOHU, GENGHAODIWEIHURENMINQUNZHONGDEQIESHENLIYI。”[23]WOGUO《XIANFA》MINGWENGUIDING“GONGMINDEHEFADESIYOUCAICHANBUSHOUQINFAN”, “GUOJIAZUNZHONGHEBAOZHANGRENQUAN”, QUANMIANGUIDINGLEGONGMINDEJIBENQUANLIHEZIYOU, ZHIDINGLEYIXILIEBAOZHANGRENQUANDEFALVFAGUI, JIANLILEJIAOWEIWANBEIDEBAOZHANGRENQUANDEFALVZHIDU, YIFABAOZHANGGONGMINDESHENGCUNQUANHEFAZHANQUAN, GONGMINDERENSHENQUAN、CAICHANQUANHEZONGJIAOXINYANGZIYOU、YANLUNCHUBANZIYOU、JIHUIJIESHEZIYOU、YOUXINGSHIWEIZIYOUYIJISHEHUIBAOZHANGQUAN、SHOUJIAOYUQUANDENGJINGJI、ZHENGZHI、SHEHUI、WENHUAQUANLIDEDAOLEQIESHIWEIHU。ZHEIXIEXIANFAJINGSHENJIYUANZEDOUXUYAOMINFADENGFALVLAIJIAYIGUANCHE, ZAIMOUZHONGCENGMIANSHANGKERENWEISHIMINSHEHUIDEMINSHIQUANLISHIXIANFAQUANLIZAIMINFAZHONGDEJUTIHUA。MINFADIANDEBIANZUANYINGDANGJIANGYUMINFAXIANGGUANDEXIANFAYUANZEHEGUIZEYONGMINFADEYUYANBIAODACHULAI, YONGMINFADEYUANZEHEGUIZELUOSHIXIALAI。ZAIWOGUOXIANJIEDUAN, ZHEIYESHIXIANFADEYISHISHIDEZHONGYAOTIXIANHEZHUYAOQUDAO。JIYUMINFAYUXIANFADETESHUGUANXI, YEYOUZHUYUWOMENLIJIE《MINFAZONGZE》DEGONGFAHUAQINGXIANG。

                                CANKAOWENXIAN

                                [1][德]科殷.法哲学[M].林远荣, 译.北京:华夏出版社, 2002:31.
                                [2]See John Henre Merryman.The Civil Tradition[M].Stanford University Press, 1985:6.
                                [3]张晋藩.中国法律的传统与近代转型[M].北京:法律出版社, 2009:255.
                                [4]黎宏.民事责任、行政责任与刑事责任适用之司法困惑与解决[J].人民检察, 2016, (2) .
                                [5]叶孝信.中国法制史[M].北京:北京大学出版社, 1989:282-286.
                                [6] 王泽鉴.损害赔偿法之目的:损害填补、损害预防、惩罚制裁[J].月旦法学杂志, 2005, (8) .
                                [7]姚建龙.论刑法的民法化[J].华东政法学院学报, 2001, (4) .
                                [8] 李适时.全国人民代表大会法律委员会关于《中华人民共和国民法总则 (草案) 》修改情况的汇报[EB/OL].http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_532bc0a30102wt8k.html.
                                [9]尹逊伟.我国未成年人监护制度的完善--以私法公法化为视角[D].新疆大学硕士学位论文, 2012.
                                [10]杨立新.中华人民共和国民法总则要义与案例解读[M].北京:中国法制出版社, 2017:711.
                                [11]徐强胜.论我国民法总则中营利法人的制度安排[J].华东政法大学学报, 2016, (5) .
                                [12]张新宝.《中华人民共和国民法总则》释义[M].北京:中国人民大学出版社, 2017:403.
                                [13][意]桑德罗·斯奇巴尼.正义与法[M].黄风, 译.北京:中国政法大学出版社, 1992:35.
                                [14]黄立.民法总则[M].北京:中国政法大学出版社, 2002:15.
                                [15][德]汉斯·布洛克斯, 沃尔夫·迪特里希·瓦尔克.德国民法总论[M].张艳, 译, 杨大可, 校.北京:中国人民大学出版社, 2014:10-12.
                                [16]张新宝, 张红.中国民法百年变迁[J].中国社会科学, 2011, (6) .
                                [17]林来梵.民法典编纂的宪法学透析[J].法学研究, 2016, (4) .
                                [18]乔晓阳.民法总则是伟大时代的产物[J].中国人大, 2017, (4) .
                                [19]戴谋富.论民法与宪法的关系--兼论民事权利与宪政的关系[J].昆明理工大学学报, 2007, (3) .
                                [20]徐国栋.市民社会与市民法--民法的调整对象研究[J].法学研究, 1994, (4) .
                                [21] 梁慧星.三十年弹指一挥间从民法通则到民法总则[EB/OL].http://www.360doc.com/content/17/0902/07/1417717_684067918.shtml.
                                [22] 习近平在首都各界纪念现行宪法公布施行30周年大会上的讲话[EB/OL].中国网, .
                              星云棋牌官网下载   [23] 李建国.关于《中华人民共和国民法总则 (草案) 》的说明--2017年3月8日在第十二届全国人民代表大会第五次会议上[N].法制日报, 2016-03-09.

                              点击查看>>民法总则论文(热门8篇)其他文章
                                肖爽.论《民法总则》与私法公法化倾向[J].新疆师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2018,39(04):132-142.
                                相近分类:
                                • 成都网络警察报警平台
                                • 公共信息安全网络监察
                                • 经营性网站备案信息
                                • 不良信息举报中心
                                • 中国文明网传播文明
                                • 学术堂_诚信网站

                                百胜棋牌---首页_欢迎您 百灵拼三张-Welcome 蓝洞棋牌官网送3金币---首页_Welcome 035棋牌手游官网 亲朋棋牌官方下载完整版-首页