星云棋牌官网下载

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                  网络直播打赏的侵权问题与监管措施

                  时间:2019-02-06 来源:法制博览 作者:姜彬彬 本文字数:4100字

                    摘    要: 2016年以来,网络直播凭借着自身传播迅速、内容直观的优势占领了网络发展的新市场。随着网络直播的发展,“打赏”这一行为也随之而来。相应的,网络直播打赏的法律问题也逐渐显现出来。本文主要从网络直播打赏的法律性质,网络直播打赏不属于简单的赠与合同或者附义务性质的赠与合同,以及其存在的侵权隐患等方面进行阐述。

                    关键词:星云棋牌官网下载 网络直播; 直播打赏; 服务合同; 知识产权;

                    
                  星云棋牌官网下载   2019年8月,北京青少年法律援助与研究中心发布《中国未成年人网络保护法律政策研究报告》,根据相关数据显示,目前已有4.25亿网络直播用户,占整个网民的53%。但网络直播内容良莠不齐,乱象频出。2017年会计挪用公款890万打赏主播;熊孩子巨额打赏主播事件等等。足以见在网络直播这一新兴领域相关的侵权纠纷的数量在不断地增加,纠纷的性质愈发严重,网络直播打赏的问题逐渐显现出来,故解决此类问题的关键在于明确网络直播打赏的性质。

                    一、网络直播打赏的法律性质

                    WANGLUOZHIBODASHANG,JIUSHIJIYUHULIANWANG,YISHIPIN、YINPIN、TUWENDENGXINGSHIXIANGGONGZHONGCHIXUFABUSHISHIXINXIDEHUODONGJINXINGDASHANGDEXINGWEI。GUANZHONGTONGGUOGUANKANZHUBODEZHIBOSHIPIN,DUIZHUBOJINXING“SHUALIWU”DEXUNIDASHANG,JIYONGJINQIANCHONGZHIWEIXUNICHANPINHOUZUOWEILIWUZENGSONGJIZHUBO。ZHUBOJIYUYUWANGLUOZHIBOPINGTAIDEHEZUOHEYUEGUANXI,DUILIWUJINXINGBIANXIAN。ZHEIYIGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHIBOPINGTAIDEZHUCEYONGHUCHONGDANGLEXIAOFEIZHEDEJIAOSE,SHUYUHUAQIANGOUMAIZHUBODEZHIBOFUWU。JIYUCI,BIZHEZHUZHANG,ZHIBODASHANGXINGWEISHUYUXIAOFEIFUWUHETONG。

                    (一)网络直播打赏不是赠与合同(附义务的赠与合同)

                    QIYI,《HETONGFA》DI185TIAOZHICHUZENGYUHETONGSHIZENGYURENJIANGZIJIDECAICHANWUCHANGDIJIYUSHOUZENGREN,SHOUZENGRENBIAOSHIJIESHOUZENGYUDEYIZHONGHETONG。ZHIBOPINGTAIDEZHUBOXIANGDANGYUBIAOYANZHE,YONGHUJIYUGUANKANBIAOYANDUIQIJINXINGDASHANG,SHUYUYOUCHANGDEJIESHOUFUWU,DUIQIJIFUYIDINGCHOULAODEDAXIE,BUSHUYUDUIZHUBOWUCHANGDEZENGYU,BUNENGJIANGQIJIANDANDINGYIWEIZENGYU。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   QIER,YOUYUZHIBOHUODONGSHIZAIGEDAZHIBOPINGTAISHANGJINXINGDE,MEIYOUXIAZAIHUOZHEZHUCE,SHIBUNENGGUANKANGENGBUNENGDASHANGDE。SUOYIWANGLUOZHIBOPINGTAIJUYOUYIDINGDEFENGBIXING,BUSHIDUISUOYOURENKAIFANG,SHOUZHONGQUNTISHIYOUXIANDE。RUGUOYONGHUZHIKANERBUDASHANG,YESHIWUFAXIANGSHOUDASHANGDEGONGNENG。QIEWANGLUOZHIBOPINGTAISHIYIYINGLIWEIMUDEERSHEZHIDE,BINGBUJUYOUGONGYIXINGZHI。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   QISAN,BIZHERENWEI,WANGLUOZHIBOSHUYUDUIXIANCHANGBIAOYANDEYIZHONGBUCHONGFANGSHI,QIYIWANGLUODEFANGSHIXIANGDAJIACHUANBO,SHUYUZHISHICHANQUANZHONGDUIBIAOYANZHEDEBAOHUFANWEI,XIANGYINGDEZHUBOJIUHUODELEBIAOYANZHEQUAN,QIBIAOYANJUYOUZIJIDEFENGGETESE,YOUYIDINGDEDUCHUANGXING,JI“BIAOYANXINGWEIYUPUTONGRENDEXINGWEIYOUSUOQUBIEDEGUANJIANXINGJIUZAIYUBIAOYANSHIYIZHONGJIHELEBIAOYANZHEYISHUZHIHUIHECAINENGDETESHUXINGWEI”。BIAOYANZHEQUANDEQUDESHIJIYUBIAOYANZHEDEBIAOYANXINGWEI,ZHUBOTONGGUOHUODEDEBIAOYANZHEQUAN,HUODEYIDINGDEJINGJILIYI。YONGHUTONGGUOTEDINGDEWANGLUOPINGTAI,GUANKANBIAOYAN,RUORENWEIGAIBIAOYANJINGCAI,FUHEQIXINLIXUQIU,DANGRANYOUYIWUZHIFUBAOCHOU。

                    网络直播打赏亦不成立附义务的赠与合同,附义务的赠与合同原则上是赠与人给付后,受赠人才履行其所附的义务,赠与人不能以受赠人不履行负担为抗辩。而在网络直播打赏中,用户并不是在进行“打赏”之后,主播才有义务进行直播。
                   

                  网络直播打赏的侵权问题与监管措施
                   

                    (二)网络直播打赏属于消费服务合同

                  星云棋牌官网下载   SUIRAN《HETONGFA》ZHONGBINGWEIYOUFUWUHETONGZHEIYIZHONGLEI,DANBIZHERENWEI,JIYUSHIDAIDEKUAISUFAZHAN,GEZHONGGEYANGDEXIAOFEIFANGSHICHUXIAN,HETONGDEZHONGLEIYEFASHENGLEBIANHUA,WOGUOMINFAXUEJIEYIZAIXUELISHANGJIANGFUWUHETONGRENDINGWEIYILEIDULIDEHETONG。

                    NEIMEZAIWANGLUOZHIBODASHANGZHONG,ZHUBOTIGONGBIAOYANFUWUXINGWEI,XIANGDANGYUZHUBOFAQILEYAOYUEYAOQING,ERYONGHUJIYUGUANKANBIAOYANHUOZHEXIANGYAODEDAOGENGHAODEFUWUERJINXINGDASHANGDEXINGWEI,XIANGDANGYUCHENGNUO,YOUCI,ZAISHUANGFANGZHIJIANXINGCHENGLEHETONG。YONGHUZAIGUANKANZHIBOBIAOYANGUOCHENGZHONGHUODELEMANZUDENGQINGGANHOUJINXINGDASHANG,SHIZHUBODEDAOLESHIJIDESHOUYI,DASHANGSHIDUIBIAOYANXINGWEIDEGOUMAI,YESHIDUIBIAOYANZHEQUANDEZUNZHONG,BAOHUZHISHICHANQUANDEBIAOXIAN。SUOYIERZHECUNZAIFUWUHETONGGUANXI。

                    二、网络直播打赏的侵权问题

                    (一)侵犯知识产权的风险

                    ZHUBOJINXINGZHIBO,HENDUODOUSHIFANCHANGGESHOUDEDANGHONGGEQU,YOUCIMINGQIDAZHANG。LINGYOUXIUCHANGZHUBODUIYINLEBEIJINGDESHIYONGWANGWANGDUOSHUWEIHUODEYINLEZHEZUOQUANRENDEBOFANGQUANSHOUQUAN,NEIMEZHEIJIUSHEJIDAOWEIJINGSHOUQUANXUKEJIUSHIYONGTARENZUOPINDEERKENENGFASHENGQINQUANDEXIANXIANG。BANSUIZHE5GXITONGDEDAOLAI,YEXUHUICUJINZHENGGEZHIBOXINGYEDEJINYIBUFAZHAN,NEIME,YUCITONGSHIWANGLUOZHIBOQINQUANDEWENTIYEHUIGENGJIATUXIANCHULAI,GENGWEIDAJIASUORENZHI,QINQUANXIANXIANGKENENGHUIYUFAYANZHONG。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   DANGRAN,ZHIBOKEFENWEIDUOGELEIBIE,QIZHONGZUIYIYINQIQINQUANDEJIUSHIFANYULEHUAZHIBOYIJIXIUCHANGZHIBO。GENJU《ZHEZUOQUANFA》DI37TIAODEGUIDING,SHIYONGTARENZUOPINYANCHU,BIAOYANZHEYINGDANGQUDEZHEZUOQUANRENXUKE,BINGZHIFUBAOCHOU。ZHIBOZHONGFANCHANGHUOYIBEIJINGYINLEDEFANGSHIBOFANGTARENYIFABUDEYINLEZUOPIN,GUANKANZHESHAOZEJIQIANREN,DUOZHEKEDASHUBAIWAN。RUWEIQUDEZHEZUOQUANRENXUKE,DOUSHUYUQINFANZHEZUOQUANDEXINGWEI。

                    NEIMEZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGSHIFOUSHUYU《ZHEZUOQUANFA》DI22TIAODI9KUANGUANYUHELISHIYONGDEQINGXINGNI?ZHUBODEYICHANGZHIBO,YOUQISHIDANGHONGZHUBO,GUANKANLIANGSHIJUDADE,ERZHEIJUDADEGUANKANLIANGSHIKEYIBIANXIANDE。LINGYOUYONGHUDUIZHUBOJINXINGXUNILIWUDEDASHANG,SHUYUDUIZHUBOJINXINGZHIBOFUWUDEGOUMAIXINGWEI,YOUZENMENENGSHUOSHIWUCHANGDENI?SUOYIBUSHUYUHELISHIYONGDEMIANZEQINGXING。

                    (二)侵犯隐私权的风险

                  星云棋牌官网下载   ZHUBOZAIJINXINGXIANCHANGZHIBOGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUSHIHUIJIANGBUZHIQINGDEDISANRENPAISHEDAO。ZHEIZHONGWEIJINGTARENSHOUQUANERSHIQIZAIZHIBOZHONGCHUXIAN,SHIQINFANTARENYINSIQUANDEBIAOXIAN。RUOGAIBUZHIQINGDEDISANRENZHENGZAIZUOBIJIAOSIMIDESHIQING,NEIMETONGGUOZHEICHANGZHIBOZHIHOU,KENENGHUIJIANGQIXINGWEIWUXIANBEIDEFANGDA,GENGYOUKENENGHUIZHIQIZAOSHOUWANGLUOBAOLI,HOUGUOSHIBUKANSHEXIANGDE。

                    (三)打赏可能为洗钱罪提供了新途径

                    《MINFAZONGZE》DI127TIAOYIJIANGSHUJU、WANGLUOXUNICAICHANNARUBAOHUFANWEI。DANWOMENBUNENGPAICHUYIXIEBUFAFENZITONGGUOZHIBOPINGTAIJINXINGDALIANGDEJINQIANJIAOYI。ZHEIXIEBUFAFENZIZIJICHENGLIYIGEZHIBOPINGTAI,RANGQICHENGYUANHUNRUQIZHONG,YONGHUODEDE“HEIQIAN”JINXINGJUEDASHANG,NEIMEZHEIBIDAEZIJINJIUHUIBEIZHUANBIANCHENGHEFASHOUYI。ZENGJIALEXIQIANZUIDEFENGXIAN。HUOZHEYONGHUSHIYONGZANGKUANDUIZHUBOJINXINGDASHANG,ZHEIZHONGDASHANGXIAOLIRUHERENDING?QIANSHIFOUKEYIZHUIHUI?DOUSHIZHIDEWOMENSIKAODE。

                    三、完善网络直播打赏的监管

                    (一)健全网络直播方面的法律、法规

                    MUQIANDUIYOUGUANZHIBOFANGMIANDEFAGUIJINYOU《HULIANWANGZHIBOFUWUGUANLIGUIDING》、《WANGLUOBIAOYANJINGYINGHUODONGGUANLIBANFA》、《GUANYUJIAQIANGWANGLUOBIAOYANGUANLIDEGONGZUOTONGZHI》DENG,QIEYOUBUTONGDEBUMENGEZICHUTAIHEZHIXING,ZHIFABUMENBUNENGJINMIXIEDIAO,DUIYUWEIFAXIANXIANGDECHUXIANBUNENGZUODAOYOULIJIANGUAN。ZHENGGELIFATIXIDEGOUJIANSHANGBUWANSHAN。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   RUJINZHIBOFANGMIANDELUANXIANGPINPINFASHENG,XUJIAXIAOXI、DISUNEIRONG。ERSHANGSHUFAGUIDECHUFALIDUBUGOU,BUNENGGOUZAIYUANTOUSHANGEZHIZHUCILEIXIANXIANGDEFASHENG。SUOYIYOUBIYAOYOUTONGYIDEBUMENZHIDINGYIBUGUANYUWANGLUOZHIBODEFALVHUOSHIXINGZHENGFAGUI,LAIJIADADUIQIDEJIANGUANLIDU。

                    (二)完善直播打赏的机制

                  星云棋牌官网下载   WOGUO4.25YIWANGLUOZHIBOYONGHUZHONG,QINGSHAONIANGUANKANZHIBODEBILIDADAO45.2%,TAMENSHOUDAOBULIANGXINXIYINGXIANGDEKENENGXINGHUIGENGDA,XIANGYINGDE,JINXINGJUEDASHANGDEJIHUIYEDA。ZAIRIBEN,HUITONGGUOZHENGCEZHICHIHESHUISHOUYOUHUILAIGULISHOUJICHANGJIA,SHIQIZAISHOUJIZHONGANZHUANGZHUANYEDEGUOLVRUANJIAN,YIJINLIANGJIANSHAOWEICHENGNIANRENTONGGUOWANGLUOZHIBOCHAKANBULIANGXINXIDEXINGWEI。XIANGYINGDE,WOMENYEKEYIJIEJIAN,YANFACILEIGUOLVRUANJIAN,LAIJIANSHAOBULIANGXINXIDUIQINGSHAONIANDEQINSHI。DANCIZHONGFANGSHISHIJIEZHUWAILIWENHEDEDADAOMUDE,BUJUYOUQIANGZHILI。

                    QIANWENSUOSHU,XIONGHAIZIJUEDASHANGZHUBO,RUOWEIWUMINSHIXINGWEINENGLIREN,JIYUQIJINXINGDEMINSHIHUODONG,KEYIXUANGAOWUXIAO,RUOWEIXIANZHIMINSHIXINGWEINENGLIREN,NEIMEZHEIYIDASHANGXINGWEISHUYUXIAOLIDAIDING,SHIFOUYOUXIAODENGDAIJIAZHANGDEZHUIREN。ZHEIYANGDEFENXISHIJIANDANDE,KEZAISIFASHIJIANZHONG,YINWEIQUEFAXIANGYINGDEZHENGJU,YUANGAOWANGWANGBUNENGZHENGMING“DASHANG”ZHEIYIXINGWEISHIYOUCHENGNIANREN(JIAZHANG)HAISHIYOUWEICHENGNIANREN(HAIZI)ZUOCHUDE,JUZHENGSHIFENKUNNAN,BUNENGXINGCHENGYITIAOWANZHENGDEZHENGJULIAN,SHIDEZHENGGEANZICUNBUNANXING,ZUIZHONGYOUYUKANGBIANSHIYOUBUCHONGFEN,BUNENGZHUIHUIDASHANGDEQIANZHIWAI,KENENGHAIHUIJIYUBEIGAOFANGYAOQIUQIYIXINLAILIYISHOUDAOQINHAIWEIYOUERCHENGDANYIDINGDEPEICHANGZEREN,YOUCIZAODAOBAISUFENGXIAN。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   RUOXIANGZAIYUANTOUSHANGJIEJUECILEIWENTI,CHULEJIAZHANGDUIHAIZIDEZHIJIEJIANGUAN,TUOSHANBAOGUANHAOZIJIDEJIAOYIMIMADENGGERENXINXI,HAIXUYAOWANGLUOZHIBOPINGTAIDEPEIHE。XIANZAIHENDUOSHIPIN、YOUXIRUANJIANDOUKEYISHEZHI“QINGSHAONIANMOSHI”,NEIMEWANGLUOZHIBOPINGTAIGENGYINGGAIYOUQINGSHAONIANMOSHI,JUXIANGGUANZILIAOXIANSHI,MUQIANBUFENZHIBOPINGTAIYITUICHUCILEIMOSHI,DANBINGWEIPUJI。HUOZHUANMENWEIWEICHENGNIANRENSHEZHIYIGEJINXINGDASHANGSHIDECHENGXU,ZAIQIJINXINGDASHANGSHI,HUICHUXIANJINGSHIXINXI,BINGJIANGCIJINGSHIXINXIFASONGDAOJIAZHANGSHOUJISHANG,ZHEIYANGDE“PINGTAI—JIAZHANG”TIXIJIUKEYIJIAOHAODIFANGFANJUEDASHANGDECHUXIAN。

                    CIWAI,XUYAOWANGLUOFUWUZHIBOPINGTAITIGONGZHE、ZHUBOYINGJIANSHOUCHENGSHIXINYONGYUANZE,WOGUO《WEICHENGNIANRENBAOHUFA》MINGQUEYAOQIUSHEHUIGEJIEYINGDANGGUANXIN、AIHUWEICHENGNIANREN。ZAIDALIANGWANGLUOYONGHUWEIWEICHENGNIANRENDEQINGKUANGXIA,PINGTAIHEZHUBOYINGDANGFUYOUBAOZHANGWEICHENGNIANRENYONGHUJIAOYIANQUANDEYIWU(6)。JIYUHULIANWANGCHANPINYONGHUDEYINBIXING,WUMINGHUA,HULIANWANGCHANPINDOUYINGDANGSHIDANGZHIRUWEICHENGNIANRENBAOHUDEJIYIN。

                    (三)健全对直播打赏的全方位监管模式

                    《QINQUANZERENFA》DI36TIAODI2KUANGUIDINGLE“BIFENGGANGGUIZE”,CIGUIZEJIDADIJIANGDILEWANGLUOPINGTAITIGONGZHESUOCHENGDANDEZEREN,YOUXIEWANGLUOPINGTAIFUWUTIGONGZHEWEILEZHUIQIUGENGDADELIRUN,BUXICHENGDANBAISUHOUGUO,ZUYIJIANWEIFACHENGBENZHIDI。DUIYUZAIZHIBOZHONGQINFANTARENYINSIQUANDEXINGWEI,BUSHIJINJINSHOUHAIRENTONGZHIZHIBOPINGTAIYAOQIUSHANCHUSHIPINJIUKEYIWANHUISUNSHIDE,ZHEISHUYURENSHENXINGZHIDEQINQUAN,BUSHIJIANDANDISHANCHUXINGWEIJIUKEYIMIBUDE。WANGLUOPINGTAIYINGDANGCHENGDANJIANGUANDEZHIZE,JINDAOZUIDADEGUANLIZHUYIYIWU。

                    QICI,YAOTUIJINWANGLUOZHIBOYONGHUSHIMINGZHIDELUOSHI。YOUXIEYONGHUJIEZHUWANGLUOFUWUDEXUNIXING、KAIFANGXINGZAIZHIBOGUOCHENGZHONGDASIFABUDISUFUMIANYANLUN。TUIJINSHIMINGZHI,YEYOULIYUZHUIHUIYONGHUDUIZHUBOJINXINGDEDASHANG,WEIQUZHENGDIANDINGLELIANGHAODEJICHU。TONGSHI,YONGHUYEYINGXINGCHENGZILVGUANNIAN,BUYAOMANGMUGENCONG,LIXINGXIAOFEI,JIADADUIWEIFADECHENGCHULIDU。

                    四、结语

                    PANGDESHUO“FALVYINGGAISHIWENDINGDE,DANBUNENGTINGZHIBUQIAN”。WANGLUOZHIBOXINGYE,SHISUIZHEHULIANWANGXINGQIDEYIZHONGWANGLUOJINGJIMOSHI。WANGLUOZHIBODASHANGSHUYUXIAOFEIFUWUHETONGYUANYINJIUZAIYUGAIZHIBOPINGTAIDEYINGLIXING,ZHUBOSUOTIGONGDEBIAOYANSHIYOUCHANGDE,YIJISHEJIZHIBONEIRONGDUIZHISHICHANQUANDEBAOHU。WANGLUOZHIBODASHANGDEXINGQISHIJINGJIFAZHANDEBIRANJIEGUO,JINGJIJICHUJUEDINGSHANGCENGJIANZHU,XIANGYINGDE,GUXUYAOWANGLUOPINGTAI、ZHUBO、JIANHURENDUOFANGZHUTIDEGONGTONGNULI,JIAQIANGJIANGUANTUIJINLIFA,SHIZHEIYIXINGWEIGENGJIAGUIFANHUA、HEFAHUA,SHIZHISUODAILAIDEFENGXIANJIANGDI,JINYIBUFANZUOYONGYUJINGJIDEFAZHAN。

                    参考文献

                    [1] 互联网直播服务管理规定[EB/OL].http://baike.sm.cn/item/07c8uc_param_str=dnntnwvepffrgibijbpr.
                    [2]原晓爽.表演者权利研究[D].中国政法大学,2006.
                    [3]潘红艳,罗团.网络直播打赏的法律性质认定及撤销权行使[J].湖北警官学院学报,2018,31(04):92-99.
                    [4]崔恒勇,程雯.秀场直播中的音乐侵权问题研究[J].现代出版,2017(06):54-56.
                    [5]杨雨洁.我国网络直播行为监管法律制度研究[D].内蒙古大学,2019.
                  星云棋牌官网下载   [6]程啸,樊竟合.网络直播中未成年人充值打赏行为的法律分析[J].经贸法律评论,2019(03):1-15.

                    姜彬彬.网络直播打赏的法律性质及侵权问题研究[J].法制博览,2020(03):41-43.
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