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                              律师过失履职导致的经济损失与赔偿

                              时间:2018-09-07 来源:西北大学学报(哲学社会科学版) 作者:张红 本文字数:15878字

                                摘    要: 律师作为专业法律服务的提供者, 在履职过程中应善尽合理注意义务, 完成当事人之委托事务。律师的过失履职侵犯了当事人的财产利益, 因过失履职所致损失性质上属于纯粹经济损失。在司法实务上, 律师过失履职致损案件呈现出过失履行非诉法律服务和过失履行诉讼法律服务两大类型。此类案件的请求权基础应回归侵权行为一般条款即《民法通则》第106条第二款或《侵权责任法》第六条第一款进行规制。律师过失履职所致纯粹经济损失的赔偿范围应严格限定于因过失履职而遭受的直接经济损失或金钱上的不利益, 而不宜过度扩张。在见证遗嘱无效型案件场合, 选择侵权诉由时, 应依据继承人因遗嘱无效而被减少的继承份额来确定损失数额及赔偿范围。

                                关键词: 律师过失履职; 专业服务; 过错侵权; 纯粹经济损失; 赔偿责任;

                                Abstract: As a provider of professional legal services, lawyers should perform their due diligence obligations in the course of performing their duties and complete the entrusted affairs of the parties. The lawyer′s faulty performance violates the property interests of the parties, and the loss caused by negligent performance is pure economic loss. In judicial practice, lawyers′ faulty performance cases are presented in different types. The basis of the claim for such cases shall be governed by the general provisions of the infringement, namely Article 106, paragraph 2 of the General Principles of Civil Law or Article 6, paragraph 1 of the Tort Liability Act. The scope of compensation for pure economic losses caused by the fault of a lawyer shall be strictly limited to the direct economic loss or financial non-interest suffered by negligent performance, and shall not be excessively expanded. In the case of witnessing invalid cases, if the infringement lawsuit is chosen, the amount of the loss and the scope of compensation shall be determined based on the successor share of the successor whose intestate is invalid.

                                Keyword: lawyer′s negligent performance; professional services; negligent infringement; pure economic loss; liability;

                                一、问题的提出

                                ANLIYI:YUANGAOWANGBAOFUZHIFUWANGSHOUZHIYUBEIGAOSANXINLVSUOQIANDINGLE《FEISUSONGWEITUODAILIXIEYI》, SHIXIANGJIQUANXIANWEI:DAIWEIJIANZHENG。SANXINLVSUOCHUJUYIFEN《JIANZHENGSHU》, BINGFUYIZHUYIFEN。WANGSHOUZHIQUSHIHOU, YUANGAOWANGBAOFUQISUYAOQIUANZHAOGAIYIZHUJICHENGYICHAN。ZHONGSHENPANJUERENDING:YIZHUDEXINGSHIYUZISHU、DAISHUYIZHUBIBEITIAOJIANBUFU, ANFADINGJICHENGCHULI。WANGBAOFUYINCIYAOQIUSANXINLVSUOPEICHANGYINANFADINGJICHENGMIANXIANGQITAJICHENGRENZHIFUDEJICHENGFANGWUZHEJIAKUAN、JIANZHENGYIZHUDAILIFEI、LIANGSHENJICHENGSUSONGDAILIFEI、SUSONGFEI。PANJUEZHICHU:BEIGAOSANXINLVSUOWEIJINDAOXIANGYINGDEZHIZE, JIWEITUORENJIYIZHUSHOUYIRENZAOCHENGSUNSHI, YINGDANGCHENGDANPEICHANGZEREN。PEICHANGFANWEIWEIYUANGAOYINYIZHUWUXIAOERBEIJIANSHAODEJICHENGFENE。DANSANXINLVSUOJIANZHENGYIZHUGUOCHENGZHONGZHIGUOSHIBINGBUBIRANDAOZHISUSONG, GUDUIYUANGAOTICHUPEICHANGDAILIFEIYUSUSONGFEIDEQINGQIUBUYUZHICHI①。

                                ANLIER:YEMOUNIYUQINLINGGONGSI、RUIDEGONGSI (CHOU) QIANDING《FUWUHETONG》, YOUQINLINGGONGSIHERUIDEGONGSI (CHOU) PINQINGYEMOUDANRENGUQUANRONGZIZONGDAILI。WEIQIUZHENGHETONGDEHEFAXINGHEXIAOLI, YEMOUJIQINLINGGONGSI、RUIDEGONGSI (CHOU) GONGTONGPINQINGLVSUODUIHETONGDEQIANDINGJINXINGJIANZHENG。LVSUOZHIDINGJIANZHENGLVSHIJIANZHENG《FUWUHETONG》DEQIANDINGGUOCHENG, BINGCHUJUJIANZHENGSHU, KENDING《FUWUHETONG》DEFALVXIAOLI。HETONGQIANDINGHOU, YEMOUYIYUELVZHI。HOUJINGCHAMING, YEMOUYINWEIJINGPIZHUN, FEIFAWEISHANGWEIBEIPIZHUNCHENGLIDERUIDEGONGSIZHUANRANGGUQUAN, QIESHANZIYIJIA, FEIFAJINGYINGJINEJUDA, QINGJIETEBIEYANZHONG, GOUCHENGFEIFAJINGYINGZUI, BEIPANJUEYOUQITUXINGWUNIAN。YEMOUQISUQINGQIULVSUOPEICHANGJIANZHENGFEI、XINGSHIFAJIN、TUIPEIKUAN。FAYUANPANJUE:《FUWUHETONG》NEIRONGWEIFA, DANLVSHIWEIRENZHENFENXIHETONGNEIRONGYIJIHETONGSHIJILVXINGGUOCHENGZHONGKENENGCHUXIANDEWEIFAHOUGUO, ERSHICAOLVQUEREN《FUWUHETONG》DEHEFAXING, JUYOUMINGXIANGUOSHI。LVSUODESHANGSHUGUOSHIXINGWEI, SHIDEYEMOUQIUZHENG《FUWUHETONG》HEFAXINGDEMUDEWEINENGDADAO, QIEWEIYEMOUZAILVXINGNEIRONGSHANGCUNZAIWEIFAXINGDE《FUWUHETONG》TIGONGLEKENENG, DUIYEMOUCIHOUBEIPANJUEDINGZUIYIJUYOUYIDINGDEYINGUOGUANXI, GUYEMOUYAOQIULVSUODUIQICHENGDANQINQUANZERENDEZHUZHANG, YINGYUZHICHI。QIZHONG, YEMOUJIANZHENGFEISUNSHIXILVSUODEGUOSHIXINGWEIZHIJIESUOZAOCHENG, YINGYOULVSUOQUANEPEICHANG;ZHIYUYEMOUQIYUSUNSHI, YINYEMOUBEIPANJUEDINGZUIZHUYAOXIQIZISHENCHAOYUE《FUWUHETONG》YUEDINGFANCHOUDEXINGWEISUOZHI, LVSUOGUOSHIXINGWEISUOZHANDEYUANYINLIBILIJIAODI, ZHUOQINGQUEDINGPEICHANGE (1)  。

                              律师过失履职导致的经济损失与赔偿

                              星云棋牌官网下载   ANLISAN:SANYUANGAO (GUANTANGCUNYI、ER、SANZU) WEITUOQUANXIANYI、HUBEIZICHENGLVSUOLVSHIQUANXIXIWEIMOUANYI、ERSHENSUSONGDAILIREN。ZHIHOU, SANYUANGAOYOUWEITUOQUANXIANYI、HUBEIJIAQIANGLVSUOWEIZAISHENANJIANSUSONGDAILIREN。HUBEIZICHENGLVSUOLVSHISHULIYANJIESHOUTONGSHANXIANLIANGSHIJUDEWEITUO, WEIGAIYI、ER、ZAISHENANJIANSUSONGDAILIREN。XIANNINGSHISIFAJUZUOCHUXINGZHENGCHUFAJUEDINGSHU, RENWEIHUBEIZICHENGLVSUO、SHULIYAN、QUANXIXIWEIFAN《LVSHIFA》DI50TIAODIYIKUANDIWUXIANG“WEIFANGUIDINGJIESHOUYOULIYICHONGTUDEANJIAN”DEGUIDING, ZUOCHUJINGGAODEXINGZHENGCHUFA。SANYUANGAOTICHUPANLINGLIANGBEIGAOPEICHANGYINWEIFAZHIYEJIYUANGAOZAOCHENGDESUSONGFEIYONG、DAILIFEIJIQITAFEIYONGSUNSHI。FAYUANRENWEI:GENJU《LVSHIFA》DEGUIDINGHESIFABUDEXIANGGUANPIFU, GAIXINGWEISHUYUWEIFANLVSHIZHIYEGUIFANDEXINGWEI, DANBUSHUYU《<MINSHISUSONGFA>JIESHI》DI325TIAOGUIDINGDEYANZHONGWEIFANFADINGCHENGXUDESHIYOU, GUSANYUANGAORENWEIHUBEIZICHENGLVSUOWEIFAN《LVSHIFA》JIESHOUYOULIYICHONGTUDEANJIANSHIZAOCHENGSANYUANGAOBAISUDEYUANYINDEZHUZHANGBUNENGCHENGLI。YINSANYUANGAOWEITIGONGYOUXIAOZHENGJUZHENGMINGHUBEIZICHENGLVSUOJIGAISUOQUANXIXIZAICONGSHIWEITUODAILIXINGWEIGUOCHENGZHONG, WEILVXINGDAILIZHIZEBINGCUNZAIGUOCUO, YUZAOCHENGQIYINBAISUCHANSHENGSUNSHICUNZAIYINGUOGUANXI, GUSANYUANGAOGAIZHUZHANGBUNENGCHENGLI (2) 。

                                DUIBISANZEANLIKEYIFAXIAN, PEICHANGSUNSHIFANWEIDEQUEDING, DIYIGEFAYUANSHIGENJUSHIJILIYIYUKEDELIYIDECHAELAIQUEDINGPEICHANGFANWEI, ERDIERGEFAYUANSHIGENJUGUOCUOPANDINGPEICHANGFANWEI, BINGWEIXINGCHENGTONGYIDERENDINGBIAOZHUN。CIWAI, LIANGFAYUANSUIRANDOUCAIQULEQINQUANSUYOU, ERFEIHETONGSUYOU, DANQIANYIPANJUEWEIRENKEDAILIFEISUNSHI, ERHOUYIPANJUEQUERENKELEJIANZHENGFEIZHEIYIXIANGMU。LIANGZHONGFEIYONGDEBENZHIDOUSHIYIZHAODAILIHETONGZHIFUDEDUIJIA, DANPANJUEJIONGYI。GENGZHIDEHUAIYIDESHI, ANLIERDESHENLIFAYUANJINGRANYI“QIYUSUNSHI”DEBIAOSHUHANGAIJIANZHENGFEIYIWAIDEQITAGELEIPEICHANGXIANGMU, RUCIZUOFASHIFOUHELI, ZHUODINGDEYIJUWEIHE、LIYOUWEIHE, FAYUANYIWEIXIANGXISHUOMING。ANLISANZHONG, FAYUANZHIJIEBOHUILEQUANBUQINGQIU, BINGMEIYOUXIANGXIFENXIANJIANDEJUTIQINGKUANG, SHENZHIFANHAIDAILIFEIDESUQIUDOUMEIYOUZHICHI, CIZHONGPANJUESHIFOUGONGYUNYIZHIDESHENRUFANSI。

                                LVSHIZUOWEIZHUANYEFALVFUWUDETIGONGZHE, YOUGUANDANGSHIRENZHONGDALIYI, ZAILVZHIGUOCHENGZHONGYINGSHANJINHELIZHUYIYIWU, FOUZELVSUOYINGDUILVSHIGUOSHILVZHISUOZHISUNSHICHENGDANPEICHANGZEREN。ZAISIFASHIWUSHANG, FAYUANDUIGAISUNSHIDEXINGZHIRENDINGBUYI, SHENZHIBIERBUTAN;CAIHETONGZHISUHEQINQUANZHISUZHENANFENBOZHONG, DAOZHIFALVSHIYONGHUNLUAN, TONGANYIPANPINFA。YINCI, YAOQUEDINGLVSHIYINGUOSHILVZHISUOZHISUNSHIZHIPEICHANGZEREN, XUYAOJIEJUEYIXIAJIGEWENTI:YISHILVSHIGUOSHILVZHIJIDANGSHIRENZAOCHENGSUNSHI, JIUJINGQINFANLEDANGSHIRENDEHEZHONGQUANYI?CIZHONGSUNSHIZHIXINGZHIWEIHE?ERSHIRUHEZAIXIANYOUGUIDINGDEJICHUSHANGTANXUNCILEIANJIANHELIDEQINGQIUQUANJICHU?SANSHIRUHEQUEDINGLVSHIGUOSHILVZHISUOZHISUNSHIDEPEICHANGFANWEI?

                                二、律师过失履职致损的案件类型与请求权基础

                              星云棋牌官网下载   TONGGUODUI27ZEDIANXINGANLI (3) DEFENXIKEZHI, ZAISIFASHIJIANZHONG, LVSHIGUOSHILVZHIZHISUNANJIANCHENGXIANCHUBUTONGDEANXING, ERFAYUANDECAIPANYIJUYIBUJINXIANGTONG。

                                表1 律师过失履职致损的案件类型
                              表1 律师过失履职致损的案件类型

                                (一) 案件类型

                                YOUBIAO1KEZHI, LVSHIGUOSHILVZHIZHISUNANJIANDAZHIKEFENWEIGUOSHILVXINGFEISUFALVFUWUHEGUOSHILVXINGSUSONGFALVFUWULIANGDALEIXING, ZAIQIXIAYOUKEXIFENWEIJUTIDECHANGJIANANXING。

                                1.过失履行非诉法律服务

                              星云棋牌官网下载   CILEIXINGXIAYOUKEXIFENWEISANZHONGCHANGJIANANXING。DIYILEI, JIANZHENGYIZHUWUXIAOXING (4) , SHIZHILVSHIZAIYIZHUJIANZHENGGUOCHENGZHONGCUNZAIGUOSHI, DAOZHIJIANZHENGYIZHUBEIRENDINGWUXIAO, ZHISHIYIZHUJICHENGRENBEIJIANSHAOJICHENGFENEDEQINGXING。QIANSHUANLIYIJISHICILEIANJIANZHIDIANXING。DIERLEI, JIANZHENGHETONGSHIZHIXING (5) , XIZHISHOUHAIRENYINLVSHIZAIJIANZHENGHETONGZHONGDEGUOSHIERZAOSHOUJINGJISUNSHIDEQINGXING。DISANLEI, FALVGUWENSHIZHIXING (6) , SHIZHILVSUOZAIWEIGUWENDANWEITIGONGFALVFUWUGUOCHENGZHONGCUNZAIGUOSHI, ZHISHIGUWENDANWEIZAOSHOUSUNSHIZHIQINGXING。ZAISHANGSHUSANZHONGJUTIANXINGZHONG, YIJIANZHENGYIZHUWUXIAOXINGANJIANZUIWEIDIANXING, SHIJIANZHONGPINFA。JIYUCILEIANJIANJIYOUSHUMIANJIANZHENGCAILIAOWEIZHENG, YOUYOUFAYUANRENDINGJIANZHENGCUNZAIXIACIDEPANJUEWEIJU, JUZHENGZERENXIANGDUIRONGYI, YINCI, DUICILEIANJIANZHONGDANGSHIRENYINLVSHIGUOSHILVZHISUOZHISUNSHIYUYIJIUJIYISHIFAYUANGONGSHI。

                                2.过失履行诉讼法律服务

                                CILEIXINGZAISHIWUZHONGYOUBIAOXIANWEILIUZHONGCHANGJIANANXING。DIYILEI, CHAOYUEDAILIQUANXIANXING (7) , BAOKUOLVSHIYIWEIZAOQIANMINGQISUDEWUQUANDAILI、CHAOYUEDAILIQUANXIANCHUFENDANGSHIRENQUANYI、SIZIJIEANYIJISHUANGFANGDAILIDENGQINGXING。DIERLEI, EYICHUANTONGXING (8) , SHIZHISHOUHAIRENZHUZHANGQIDAILILVSHIYUDUIFANGDAILILVSHIEYICHUANTONG, ZHISHIQIWEIXINQIANDINGDIAOJIESHU、CHESUERSHIQIQUANYISHOUDAOQINHAI。DISANLEI, SHENQINGBAOQUANCUOWUXING (9) , SHIZHILVSHIYINSHENQINGBAOQUANCUOWUDAOZHIDANGSHIRENJINGJISUNSHIDEQINGXING。DISILEI, TIGONGXUJIAZHENGJUXING (10) , SHIZHIDANGSHIRENZHUZHANGDUIFANGLVSHITIGONGXUJIAZHENGJUZHIQIANJIANBEIYISONGBINGZUIZHONGBEIANCHESUCHULI, JINERZAOCHENGQIJINGJISUNSHI。DIWULEI, SUSONGXINGWEIGUOSHIXING (11) , BAOKUOLVSHIDAILISUSONGGUOCHENGZHONGCUNZAIYANZHONGGUOCUO、WEIFANZHIYEDAODE、WEIJINZHUYIYIWUDENGQINGXING。DILIULEI, ZHIXINGCHENGXUSHIZHIXING (12) , SHIZHILVSHIYINCHIYANSHENQINGQIANGZHIZHIXINGERDAOZHIWEITUORENZAOSHOUJINGJISUNSHIDEQINGXING。ZAICILIUZHONGCHANGJIANANXINGZHONG, YICHAOYUEDAILIQUANXIANXINGANJIANJIAOWEIPUBIAN。CIWAI, YUQIANSHUFEISUFALVFUWUCHANGJIANANXINGXIANGBI, SUSONGFALVFUWUCHANGJIANANXINGZHONGDANGSHIRENDESUQINGHUOFAYUANZHICHIZHELIAOLIAOWUJI, JUEDADUOSHUBEIYIZHENGJUBUZUWEIYOUBOHUI (13) 。JIUQIYUANYIN, LVSHIDAILIZHIANJIANNENGFOUCHANSHENGYUQIJIEGUO, XUYAOZONGHEKAOLIANGANJIANBENSHENDESHISHIHEGUYOUSUSONGFENGXIAN、DANGSHIRENYULVSHIJIANDEYOUXIAOGOUTONGQINGKUANG、BUTONGLVSHIDUIFALVZHIBUTONGLIJIE、JUZHENGZERENNANYICHENGDUDENGYINSU。XIANGJIAOYUFEISUFALVFUWU, SUSONGFALVFUWUGENGSHIRUCI。

                                (二) 请求权基础

                              星云棋牌官网下载   TONGGUODUIBIAO1CHANGJIANANXINGZHONGFAYUANYUANYINZHICAIPANYIJUJINXINGGUINA, CHUBUFENFAYUANZAICAIPANZHONGWEIMINGQUECAIPANYIJUERJINYIQINQUANZERENGOUCHENGYAOJIANRENDINGLVSUODEPEICHANGZEREN (14) , YIJIBUFENDANGSHIRENXUANZEWEIYUESUYOUSHIFAYUANYUANYINDE《HETONGFA》DI107TIAO、DI112TIAO、DI113TIAOZHIWEIYUEZERENHEDI396TIAO、DI406TIAOZHIWEITUORENGUOCUOPEICHANGZERENWAI (15) , LVSHIGUOSHILVZHIZHISUNANJIANDEQINGQIUQUANJICHU (16) ZHUYAOJIZHONGYUSANLEI:YISHI《MINFAZONGZE》DISANTIAOHUODIQITIAO (17) GUIDINGDEMINFAJIBENYUANZE, JIHEFAQUANYISHOUBAOHUYUANZEHECHENGSHIXINYONGYUANZE;ERSHI《MINFATONGZE》DI106TIAODIERKUANHUO《QINQUANZERENFA》DILIUTIAODIYIKUANDENGQINQUANXINGWEIYIBANTIAOKUAN;SANSHISHUYUTEBIEGUIFANDE《LVSHIFA》DI54TIAO, JILVSHI (LVSUO) GUOSHILVZHIZHISUNDEPEICHANGZEREN。RANWENTIZAIYUSHANGSHUSANLEIGUIFANSHIFOUJUNKEZUOWEICILEIANJIANDEQINGQIUQUANJICHUNI?

                                1.《民法总则》第三条和第七条不宜作为此类案件的请求权基础

                              星云棋牌官网下载   QINGQIUQUANJICHUZUOWEIDANGSHIRENZHUZHANGQUANLIXINGSHIZHIYIJUYINGJINLIANGJUTIMINGQUE, ZONGBUYISHIGUOYUYUANZEXINGZHIGUIDING。YUCITONGSHI, YICAIPANFALI, FALVYUANZEZAIFAYOUMINGDINGZHIQINGXINGXIABINGWUZHIJIESHIYONGZHIYUDI, ERJINNENGZUOWEIJIAZHIBUCHONGYUYISHIYONG[1] (P187-190) 。YINCI, 《MINFAZONGZE》DIQITIAOSUILEISIYUDEGUOHUOZHEWOGUOTAIWANDIQUBEISUGUYIZHISUNDEQINQUANXINGWEILEIXINGDEGUIDING, DANRENGYOUBENZHIDEBUTONG[2] (P389-393) 。ZAIDEGUOHUOZHEWOGUOTAIWANDIQU, BEISUGUYIZHISUNGUIDINGSHIZUOWEIQINQUANXINGWEIYIBANTIAOKUANYUYIGUIDINGDE, CHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIJISHUYUQIGUIZHIFANWEI, ZAILILUNHESHIWUSHANGYEJUNYIDACHENGGONGSHI。ERFANGUAN《MINFAZONGZE》DISANTIAOHEDIQITIAOZHIGUIDING, BUJINNEIRONGGUOYULONGTONG, ERQIEYIFEIQINQUANXINGWEIYIBANTIAOKUAN。GUBUYIZUOWEILVSHIGUOSHILVZHIDAOZHICHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIANJIANDEQINGQIUQUANJICHU。

                                2.回归侵权行为一般条款进行规制

                                LVSHIGUOSHILVZHISUOZHISUNSHISHIFOUSHUYU《MINFATONGZE》DI106TIAODIERKUANHUO《QINQUANZERENFA》DILIUTIAODIYIKUANZHEILEIQINQUANXINGWEIYIBANTIAOKUANDEBAOHUFANWEI, GUANXIDAOGAILEIGUIFANSHIFOUKEZUOWEILVSHIGUOSHILVZHIZHISUNANJIANDEQINGQIUQUANJICHU。SHOUXIAN, 《MINFATONGZE》DI106TIAODIERKUANJIANGBAOHUKETIGUIDINGWEI“TARENCAICHAN、RENSHEN”, ERBINGWEIXIANDINGWEITARENDECAICHANQUANHERENSHENQUAN, GUGAITIAOBINGWEIJIANGQITACAICHANLIYIPAICHUZAIBAOHUKETIZHIWAI。YINCI, ZAICILEIANJIANZHONG, 《MINFATONGZE》DI106TIAODIERKUANRENGYOUQISHIYONGDEYUDI。ERQIE, CONGTIXIJIESHISHANGKAN, 《MINFATONGZE》DIWUTIAOGUIDINGYIWEIJIANGBAOHUKETIJIANGHUAXIANDINGWEIMINSHIQUANLI, ERSHIMINGQUEJIANGMINSHIQUANYIJIQUANLIHELIYI (HANQITACAICHANLIYI) NARUBAOHUFANWEI, CONGERYEZAITIXISHANGYINZHENGLE《MINFATONGZE》DI106TIAODIERKUANDEBAOHUFANWEI。ZAICI, JIANGCHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHINARU《MINFATONGZE》DI106TIAODIERKUANDEBAOHUFANWEIYISHIXUELISHANGZHIGONGSHI。《MINFATONGZE》DI106TIAODIERKUANSHIWOGUOCHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIDELILUNYIJU, QIZHONG“CAICHAN”YICIYINGKUOCHONGJIESHIWEIJIBAOKUOYOUXINGCAICHAN, YEBAOKUOJINGYINGQUANHUOYINGYEQUANYIJIQIYUEDENGWUXINGDEJINGJILIYI[3] (P627) 。JUTIERYAN, 《MINFATONGZE》DI106TIAODIERKUANJIANGYIBANQINQUANXINGWEIFAZHIBAOHUDUIXIANGGUIDINGWEI“CAICHAN”YU“RENSHEN”, SHIJISHANGSHIJIANGCHUNCUIJINGJISHANGDELIYINARUQIBAOHUFANWEI[4]。ZUIHOU, 《QINQUANZERENFA》DILIUTIAODIYIKUANGUIDINGLEGUOCUOQINQUAN, BEIRENWEISHIWOGUOQINQUANXINGWEIYIBANTIAOKUAN, QIYANYONGLE《MINFATONGZE》DEBIAOSHU, JIANGBAOHUKETIGUIDINGWEI“TARENMINSHIQUANYI”, SHIJISHANGYIJIANGQITACAICHANLIYINARUQIGUIZHIFANWEI。ZONGSHANG, YINLVSHIGUOSHILVZHIZHISUNANJIANDEQINGQIUQUANJICHUYINGHUIGUI《MINFATONGZE》DI106TIAODIERKUANHUO《QINQUANZERENFA》DILIUTIAODIYIKUANDENGQINQUANXINGWEIYIBANTIAOKUAN。

                                3.《律师法》第54条与侵权行为一般条款的关系

                                ZAILVSHIGUOSHILVZHIZHISUNANJIANDEQINGQIUQUANJICHUHUIGUIQINQUANXINGWEIYIBANTIAOKUANDEJICHUSHANG, ZUOWEITEBIEGUIFANDE《LVSHIFA》DI54TIAOSHIFOUHAIKEZUOWEICILEIANJIANDEQINGQIUQUANJICHUYIJIQIYUQINQUANXINGWEIYIBANTIAOKUANDEGUANXIRUHE?TEBIEGUIFANYUYIBANTIAOKUANDEGUANXIYOUER:YISHITEBIEGUIFANJINJINSHIYIBANTIAOKUANDEYIGESHUOMINGXINGFATIAO, ZHIZAIDUIGAITIAOYUYIJUTIHUA;ERSHITEBIEGUIFANBINGFEIYIBANTIAOKUANDESHUOMINGXINGFATIAO, ERSHIBUCHONGXINGDIDUIBUZAIGAITIAOBAOHUFANWEINEIDELIYITIGONGTESHUJIUJI, YINCIQIBENSHENJIWEIDULIDEQINGQIUQUANJICHU[5] (P707) 。SUYONGQINJIAOSHOUYERENWEI, YIDANTEBIETIAOKUANYIMINGDINGMINSHIPEICHANGZEREN, ZAIYUHUIJINGYOUYIBANQINQUANXINGWEITIAOKUANLAIZHUANJIERENDINGZERENYIWUBIYAO[6] (P311-312) 。ANCIGUANDIAN, ZUOWEITEBIEGUIFANDE《LVSHIFA》DI54TIAOLIYINGZUOWEIDULIDEQINGQIUQUANJICHUERYOUXIANYUQINQUANXINGWEIYIBANTIAOKUANJINXINGSHIYONG。

                                SHANGSHUJIESHIBUWUDAOLI, DANYEYOUSHENRUSIKAOZHIYUDI。SHOUXIAN, 《LVSHIFA》DI54TIAODEGUIFANMUDEZAIYUMINGQUELVSUOSHILVSHIGUOSHILVZHIZHISUNDEPEICHANGZERENZHUTIJIQIZHUICHANGQUAN, FANGZHILVSHIGERENWULIDANZESHIDANGSHIRENDESUNSHIWUFADEDAOJIUJI。GAITIAODEZHIJIEMUDEBINGFEIWEIJIUJIDANGSHIRENDESUNSHIERSHE, ERSHIWEIMINGQUEZERENZHUTIERSHE, GUBUYIZHIJIEZUOWEISHOUHAIRENZHUZHANGPEICHANGZERENDEDULIQINGQIUQUANJICHU。QICI, YIGUZHUZERENGUIZE, LVSHIZUOWEILVSUODEGONGZUORENYUAN, QIGUOSHILVZHISUOZHISUNSHILIYINGYOUYONGRENDANWEICHENGDANZEREN。RANWENTIDEGUANJIANZAIYU《LVSHIFA》DI54TIAOSHIFOUJIANGDANGSHIRENDECIZHONGSUNSHINARUQIBAOHUFANWEI, ERGAITIAODUISUNSHIDEXINGZHIHEFANWEIGUIDINGBINGBUMINGQUE, YINCIBINGBUNENGZHIJIEDECHUCHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHISHUYUGAITIAODEGUIZHIFANWEI。YINCI, GAITIAOBUYIZHIJIEZUOWEILVSHIGUOSHILVZHIZHISUNANJIANDULIDEQINGQIUQUANJICHU, ERSHIKEYUQINQUANXINGWEIYIBANTIAOKUANGONGTONGZUOWEIQINGQIUQUANJICHU。CIWAI, CILEIANJIANDEQINGQIUQUANJICHUYINGHUIGUIQINQUANXINGWEIYIBANTIAOKUAN, ZUOWEITEBIEGUIFANDE《LVSHIFA》DI54TIAOJINJUBUCHONGZUOYONG, JISHIBUJIANGQILIERUQINGQIUQUANJICHUDUIANJIANCHULIYIWUSHIZHIYINGXIANG。DANSHI, DUIYULVSHIGUOSHILVZHISUOZHISUNSHIJIUJINGSHIFOUYIJIRUHEKENENGBEIRENDINGWEICHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHI, YINGYOUGENGXIANGXIZHISHUOLI。

                                三、律师过失履职导致纯粹经济损失

                                (一) 纯粹经济损失定义再审视

                              星云棋牌官网下载   CHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHISULAISHIBIJIAOFASHANGZHIREMENHUATI, CIGAINIANZAIYINGMEIFASHANGDUOBEIBIAODAWEI“pure economic loss”, ERZAIDEGUOFAZHONGZEDUOBEICHENGWEI“CHUNCUICAICHANSHANGSUNHAI”[7] (P5) 。ZUOWEIYIGEGAINIANGONGJU, QICHUANGSHEZHICHUZHIZAIXIANZHIMOULEIWUXINGXINGSUNHAIDEPEICHANG, DANQIHOUGAIXIANZHIBEIZHUJIANTUPO, JINERFAZHANWEIZHENGTIHUAFENXICILEISUNHAIDEGONGJU[7] (P17) 。CHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIFASHENGDELINGYUSHIFENGUANGFAN, SHEJIDENEIRONGSHENWEIPANGZA, YIZHISHILIANGDAFAXIGUANZHUHETANTAODEZHONGYAOWENTIZHIYI, DANJIYUBUTONGGUOJIACHAYIHUADEQINQUANFAGOUZHUJICHU, YIZHISHIQIXINGCHENGBEIPUBIANJIESHOUDEDINGYIKUNNANZHONGZHONG[8] (P4) 。CHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIZISHENDEFUZAXINGJUEDINGQIWUFATONGGUOYIGEGAINIANJIANGSUOYOUQINGXINGXIADERENHETEZHENGJIAYIZHUNQUEMIAOSHU。ZHENGRUFENG·BAER (Christian von Bar) JIAOSHOUSUOYAN, CHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHISUOSHEBENSHENJIUBINGBURONGYILIJIE, JISHIZAIGAINIANSHIYONGTONGYIDEFALVZHIDUZHONG, QISUOBIAODADEFANCHOUYEBUJINXIANGTONG[9] (P31) 。

                                ZAIGUONEIXUEJIE, WANGZEJIANXIANSHENGRENWEICHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIXIZHIFEIYINQINHAIRENSHENHUOSUOYOUQUANDENGQUANLIERDAOZHIDEJINGJIHUOCAICHANSUNSHI, QISUNSHIYANGTAIBAOKUOZHIJIEQINHAIHEJIANJIEQINHAI[2] (P362) 。GEYUNSONGJIAOSHOUZEJIANGQIDINGYIWEIFEIYINJUEDUIQUANSHOUDAOQINHAIERZAOSHOUDECAICHANSHANGZHISUNHAIHUOBULIYI[5] (P691-692) , QIANGDIAOCHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIYUJUEDUIQUANBEIQINHAIXIANGFENLI。ZHANGXINBAOJIAOSHOUYIRENWEICHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIBUSHIYINSHOUHAIRENDECAICHAN、RENSHENHUOZHEQUANLISHOUSUN, ERSHIYINTEDINGSHIYOUERZAOSHOUDECHUNCUIJINQIANSHANGZHIBULIYI[10] (P15, P422) [11]。WANGLIMINGJIAOSHOUZHUZHANGCHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHISHIFEIYINRENSHENSHANGHAIHEYOUXINGCAICHANSUNHAIERZAOSHOUDEJINGJISUNSHI[12] (P368-369) 。CIWAI, YIYOUXUEZHEJIANGCHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIDINGYIWEIBEIHAIRENSUOZHIJIEZAOSHOUDEFEIYINRENSHENHUOYOUXINGCAICHANZAOSHOUSUNHAIERJIANJIEYINQIDEJINGJISHANGZHIBULIYIHUOJINQIANSHANGZHISUNSHI[16] (P7) 。

                                ZONGSHANGSUOSHU, SUIRANLIANGDAFAXIGUANYUCHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIZHIDINGYICUNZAIJIAODACHABIE, DANRENGKECONGZHONGGUINACHULIANGDAGONGSHI:YISHIZHIFEIYILAIYUJUEDUIQUANZAOSHOUQINHAI (WUDESUNHUAIHUOZHESHENTI、JIANKANGSUNHAI) ERDAOZHIDESUNSHI, ERSHIZHIFEIZUOWEIQUANLIHUOSHOUDAOBAOHUDELIYIQINHAIJIEGUOCUNZAIDESUNSHI[13] (P32) 。CIZHONGGUANDIANSHIZHIZANTONG, ZONGERYANZHI, CHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIKEJIEDINGWEISHOUHAIRENZHIJIEZAOSHOUDAODEFEIYINJUEDUIQUAN (WU、SHENTI、JIANKANGDENG) SHOUSUNHAIERCHANSHENGDECHUNJINQIANSHANGZHISUNSHIHUOJINGJISHANGZHIBULIYI。

                                (二) 律师过失履职所致损失是纯粹经济损失

                                ZAISHIWUSHANG, FAYUANDUILVSHIGUOSHILVZHISUOZHIJINGJISUNSHIDEXINGZHIRENDINGBUYI, SHENZHIBIERBUTAN, SHINANWEIZHICHULIJIUFENDEZHENGQUETAIDU。ZAI“WANGBAOFUAN” (18) ZHONG, YISHENFAYUANSUIRENDINGLVSUOCHENGDANPEICHANGZEREN, DANDUIDANGSHIRENYINGUOSHILVZHIERZAOSHOUSUNSHIDEXINGZHIQUEZHIZIWEITI, BIERBUTAN, SHENZHIDUIDANGSHIRENZHIHEZHONGQUANLIHUOLIYIZAOSHOUQINHAIYIWEIYUYIMINGQUE。ERSHENFAYUANSIHUYISHIDAOCIWENTI, RENDINGLVSUOQINHAILEYUANGAOYIYIZHUJICHENGQIFUYICHANZHIQUANLI, ZHIQISUNSHI, LIYINGPEICHANG。DANYIHANDESHIYISHENYILIUZHIJIUJIWEIQU, QUEFANTIANXINJI。YIZE, DUIYUSUNSHIZHIXINGZHIRENGWEIYUYIJIEDING;ERZE, ERSHENFAYUANSUIMINGQUELVSHIGUOSHILVZHIQINHAILEYUANGAOYIYIZHUJICHENGYICHANZHIQUANLI, XIANGJIAOYUYISHENJINBUXIANZHE, DANWENTIZAIYUFAYUANJIANGCIZHONGFEIFALVSHANGMINGQUEGUIDINGDEQUANLILEIXINGGUANYI“QUANLI”ZHICHENGHAO, BIAOMIANSHANGSIHUMINGQUELEDANGSHIRENZAOSHOUQINHAIZHIJUTIQUANYI, DANSHIZEQUEYUWOGUOSIFASHIJIANZHONGDUIQUANLIHELIYIJIYUBUTONGBAOHUCHENGDUDESHIJIXIANZHUANG[14] (P21-27) XIANGWEIBEI。CIZHONG“QUANLI”BIAOSHUSIHUFOURENLEGAIZHONGSUNSHIZAIXINGZHISHANGSHUYUCHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHI, ZHEIYUXUELIHEBIJIAOFASHANGDEGONGSHIXIANGMAODUN。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   WUDUYOUOU, ZAI“ZHANGMOUAN” (19) ZHONG, YISHENFAYUANRENDINGLVSHIGUOSHILVZHIZHISHIYUANGAOJICHENGQUANYISHOUDAOSUNHAI, ERSHENFAYUANRENDINGLVSHIGUOSHILVZHIQINFANLEYUANGAOYIYIZHUJICHENGYICHANDEQUANLI。CICAIPANZHILIANGSHENFAYUANJUNDUIDANGSHIRENZAOSHOUHEZHONGQUANLISUNHAIJINXINGLEMINGQUE, QIJINBUZHIDEKENDING, DANLIANGSHENRENDINGSHANGCUN“JICHENGQUANYI”YU“YIYIZHUJICHENGYICHANDEQUANLI”ZHIXIANZHECHONGTU, DUIYUDANGSHIRENZAOSHOUSUNSHIDEXINGZHIYIWEIZHIYICI。CIWAI, ZAI“ZOUMOUMOUAN” (20) ZHONG, YISHENFAYUANRENWEILVSHILVZHIZHONGDEGUOCUOQINHAILEZOUMOUMOUYIYIZHUJICHENGYICHANDEQUANLI, ERSHENFAYUANYUYIQUEREN, RANLIANGJIFAYUANYIWEIDUISUNSHIXINGZHIYUYIRENDING。ZONGSHANGSUOSHU, FAYUANDUIYULVSHIGUOSHILVZHIXINGWEIQINFANLEDANGSHIRENHEZHONGQUANYIWENTI, BINGWEIXINGCHENGTONGYIYIJIAN, YEWUKEZICANZHAODEHELIBIAOZHUN, SUIDAOZHIQIRENDINGHUNLUANBUKAN。TONGSHI, DUIYUGAIZHONGSUNSHIDEXINGZHIRENDING, FAYUANWUYILIWAIDICAIQULEHUIBITAIDU, YILONGTONGDEQINQUANRENDINGHEHANHUQICILAITAOBIWENTIJIEJUE。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   ZAICIQINGXINGXIA, LVSHIGUOSHILVZHISUOZHISUNSHIZHIXINGZHIRENDINGYINGXUNQIULILUNSHANGZHICANKAO, SHIXIANLILUNYUSHIWUZHIHUDONGYURONGHE。ZAICANZHUOQIANSHUBIZHEDUICHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHISUOZUOJIEDINGZHIJICHUSHANG, GEYUNSONGJIAOSHOUGUANYUCHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIZHIJIEDINGYINJUYOUSHIWUSHANGDEKECAOZUOXING, DUIYUTONGYIFENQIYIJUYOUJIEJIANYIYI。QITUIDAOGUOCHENGFENWEILIANGBU:DIYIBU, QIJIANGMINFASHANGZHILIYIXIFENWEIJUEDUIQUAN、XIANGDUIQUAN、QITARENGELIYIHEQITACAICHANLIYISIZHONGLEIXING;DIERBU, JIANGXIANGDUIQUANHEQITACAICHANLIYIJIJUEDUIQUANZHIWAIDELIYIRENDINGWEICHUNCUICAICHAN (JINGJI) LIYI, YINCI, DUICIZHONGLIYIZHIQINHAIHUOFEIYINJUEDUIQUANZAOSHOUQINHAIERCHANSHENGDECAICHANSHANGZHIBULIYI (SUNHAI) , JIWEICHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHI[5] (P692) 。ANCIGUANDIAN, YINLVSUOGUOSHILVZHISUOZHIDESUNSHIJISHUYUCHUNCUICAICHAN (JINGJI) LIYISUNSHI, GENGQUEQIEDISHUOSHUYUQITACAICHANLIYISUNSHI。CIZHONGCAICHANLIYIZAIFALVSHANGMEIYOUMINGQUEGUIDING, DANZAIXIANSHIZHONGQUESHICUNZAI, YINCI, CIZHONGCHUNCUICAICHAN (JINGJI) LIYIDEQINHAIZAIXINGZHISHANGJIYINGSHUYUCHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHI。

                                四、纯粹经济损失之赔偿责任

                                (一) 比较法上的规范模式

                                DUIYUCHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIZHIPEICHANGWENTI, ZAICAICHANSUNSHIZHEIYANGYIGEHENDADEFANCHOUNEIQUFENSIHOUSUNSHIHECHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIYEJINJINSHITIGONGLEYIGEBUJINGQUEDEFAZE, ERQIEZHEIYIFAZEXIANGDUIDIBIAODALEYIZHONG“BAOHUJIAHAIREN”DEJIBENTAIDU。YINCISHISHISHANGCUNZAIXUDUOANJIAN, ZAIZHEIXIEANJIANZHONGNEIXIEBUQUFENCAICHANSUNSHIHECHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIDEFALVZHIDUHUIJIYUSUNHAIPEICHANG, ERJIAYIQUFENDEFALVZHIDUZEHUIJUJUEPEICHANG[13] (P33) 。JIYUCI, ZAIBIJIAOFASHANG, BUTONGLIFALIDUICHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIZHIGUIZHIMOSHIBUJINXIANGTONG。

                                GUANYUCHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIDEPEICHANGZEREN, FAGUOFAZAILIFASHANGCAIGAIKUOXINGBAOHUDEKAIFANGMOSHI, DUIQUANLIHELIYIBUZUOYANGEZHIQUFEN, ERSHIZAISHIWUSHANGTONGGUOXIANDINGZHIJIEYINGUOGUANXILAIJINXINGJIEZHI。YUCIJIERANXIANGFAN, DEGUOFAZEZAILIFASHANGCAIYANGEQUBIEFAYIDEBAOSHOUMOSHI, JINZAIGUYIBEISUHUOWEIFANBAOHUXINGFALVERZHISUNZHIQINGXINGFANGKEZHUZHANGPEICHANG, ZAISHIWUSHANGTONGGUOPANLIYUYIKUOZHANG, SHISHISHANGWOGUOTAIWANDIQUJIJIEJIANDEGUOCIZHONGLIFABAOSHOU、SHIWUSHENSHENZHIGUIFANMOSHI;RIBENFAZEJIANJUDEGUOFAZHIBAOSHOUYUFAGUOFAZHIKAIFANG, QUBIEQUANLIHELIYI, ERLIYIZHIBAOHUZEYIXINGWEIRENZHIWEIFAXINGYUYIPANDUAN[2] (P364-367) 。ZAIYINGMEIFASHANG, CHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIKEYIGUYIQINQUANXINGWEI、WEIFANFADINGYIWUYIJIGUOSHIQINQUANXINGWEIZHUZHANGPEICHANG, QIANLIANGZHONGQINGXINGYIBANKEHUOPEICHANG, ERGUOSHIQINQUANZHISUNZEYIBANCAIZERENPAICHUXINGGUIZE, DANSHIWUPANLIDEFAZHANSHIGAIGUIZEYOUSUOSONGDONGHERUOHUA, RUGUOSHIBUSHICHENSHUZHISUN[15] (P64-69) 。

                                ZONGGUANBIJIAOFASHANGGUANYUCHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIDETAIDU, CHUFAGUOFACAIKAIFANGMOSHIWAI, QITALIFALIJIBENCAIGUOSHIZERENPAICHUYUANZE, JIYIBUJIUJIWEIYUANZE, JIUJIWEILIWAI。DANWULUNSHITONGGUOLIFAJIAYITEBIEGUIDING, HAISHISHIWUSHANGYIPANLIJIAYIKUOZHANG, LIANGDAFAXIZHILIFALIDUIYINGUOSHILVXINGZHUANYEFUWUDAOZHIDECHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIJUNYUYIJIUJI[2] (P369) 。ZAICIWENTISHANG, DEGUOFATONGGUOPANLIZAISHIWUSHANGCHUANGSHEFUBAOHUDISANRENLIYIZHIQIYUEZHIDU, YUCHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIJIUJIKAILEXIANLI, ZHEMINGYIZHUANJIWEIQITIXIAN (21) 。FAGUOFABINGWEIYANGEQUFENQUANLIHELIYI, YINCIYINGUOSHILVZHIDAOZHIDECHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIZAIFAGUOFASHANGKEHUOJIUJIYIWUZHANGAI。YINGGUOFASUICAIQUGUOSHIZERENPAICHUYUANZE, DANYILIWAIKENRENZHUANMENZHIYEZHE (LVSHIDENG) LVZHIZHONGWEIFANHELIZHUYIYIWUERDAOZHIDECHUNJINGJISHANGSUNSHI, YIXUCHENGDANPEICHANGZEREN。YOUCIKEJIAN, DUIYINGUOSHILVZHIDAOZHIDECHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIYUYIJIUJIYIDEDAOLIANGDAFAXILIFALIDEGONGSHI, WOGUODANGRANYEBULIWAI, YIXILIEDESIFAANLIJIWEIQITIXIAN。

                                (二) 赔偿范围

                                QINQUANFAJINDANGQINENGGOUBIMIANGUOFENKEYANDEZERENSHI, CAINENGZUOWEIYOUXIAODE、YOUYIYIDEHEGONGZHENGDEPEICHANGTIXIYUNXING[13] (P1) 。RENHEYIXIANGFALVZHIDUDOUXUYAOYIZHONGGUOLVQILAIJIANGKEPEICHANGXINGSUNHAICONGBUKEPEICHANGXINGSUNHAIZHONGQUFENCHULAI, ERCIGUOLVQIBENSHENZEYOUYINDUOYANGDETEZHENGHEPANGZADESHULIANGERNANYIJIANDANGAIKUO[13] (P31-32) 。ERLVSHIGUOSHILVZHISUOZHICHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIDEPEICHANGWENTIJIZHUANHUAWEITANXUNZHEIYANGYIZHONGHELIDEGUOLVQIDEWENTI。

                                1.当事人的诉请相对集中

                                ZAISIFASHIJIANZHONG, DANGSHIRENDUIYINLVSHIGUOSHILVZHIDAOZHIDECHUNJINGJISHANGSUNSHIANJIANDESUQINGXIANGDUIJIZHONG, ZHUYAOTIXIANZAI: (1) YINGUOSHILVZHIZAOSHOUDEZHIJIEJINGJISUNSHI。CIZHONGSUNSHIZAIJIANZHENGYIZHUWUXIAOXINGANJIANZHONGYIBANBIAOXIANWEIYINYIZHUWUXIAOERBEIJIANSHAODEJICHENGFENE;ZAIQITAANXINGZHONGZEBIAOXIANWEIYINLVSHIBUTONGDEGUOSHILVZHIXINGWEIDAOZHIDEGEZHONGZHIJIEJINGJISUNSHI, RUYINCHIYANSHENQINGQIANGZHIZHIXINGERZAOCHENGDEJINGJISUNSHI。 (2) LVSHIDAILIFEI、SUSONGFEIJIQILIXI。JUTIERYAN, ZAIGUOSHILVXINGFEISUFALVFUWUDECHANGJIANANXINGZHONG, YIBANTIXIANWEIYAOQIUFANHAIJIANZHENGYIZHUDAILIFEI、JIANZHENGHETONGDAILIFEIDENG;ERZAIGUOSHILVXINGSUSONGFALVFUWUCHANGJIANANXINGZHONG, ZEYIBANTIXIANWEIYAOQIUFANHAIYUANDAILIANJIANDELVSHIDAILIFEI、SUSONGFEISHENZHIQILIXIDENG。 (3) WUGONGFEI、JIAOTONGFEIJIQITAFEIYONG。BUFENDANGSHIRENZHUZHANGPEICHANGQIYINLVSHIGUOSHILVZHIERDAOZHIDEWUGONGFEI、JIAOTONGFEIYIJIFUYINFEI、KUAIDIFEIDENGQITAFEIYONG。CIBUFENFEIYONGMINGXIANBUTONGYUDI (1) XIANGFEIYONG, BUSHUYUYINLVSHIGUOSHILVZHIERZHIJIEZAOSHOUDEJINGJISUNSHI。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   CIWAI, BUFENDANGSHIRENTICHULEBINGBUCHANGJIANDESUQING: (4) JINGSHENSUNSHIFEI (22) 。YOUDANGSHIRENZHUZHANGLVSHIGUOSHILVZHIDAOZHIQIJINGJISUNSHIDETONGSHI, YIZAOCHENGLEJINGSHENSUNHAI, YAOQIUCHENGDANJINGSHENSUNHAIPEICHANGZEREN。 (5) YISHUMIANXINGSHIGONGKAIPEILIDAOQIAN。ZAI“MENGMOUMOUAN” (23) ZHONG, MENGMOUMOURENWEILVSUOQINHAIQIQUANYI, SUIYAOQIULVSUOYISHUMIANXINGSHIGONGKAIXIANGQIPEILIDAOQIAN。

                                2.法院态度不一, 认定混乱

                                JINGUANDANGSHIRENZHISUQINGZAIJUANZHONGBUJINXIANGTONG, DANXIANGDUIJIZHONG, RANERFAYUANDETAIDUQUEBUJINTONGYI, RENDINGHUNLUAN。ZAIJIANZHENGYIZHUWUXIAOXINGANJIANZHONG, FAYUANDETAIDUXIANGDUITONGYI, ZHENGQIHUAYIDIJINGZHIYIJUDANGSHIRENANYIZHUJICHENGHEANFADINGJICHENGDECHAJIAQUEDINGSUNSHIHEPEICHANGFANWEI, YINCIJINRENDINGPEICHANGDANGSHIRENYINYIZHUWUXIAOERBEIJIANSHAODEJICHENGFENE, DUIYUQITASUQINGZEYILVBUYUZHICHI。CIZUOFASIHUSHISHOUDAOQIANSHUGONGBAOANLI“WANGBAOFUAN”DEYINGXIANG。JUTIERYAN, ZAI“ZOUMOUMOUAN” (24) HE“NIMOUMOUAN” (25) ZHONG, LIANGSHENFAYUANJUNRENDINGDANGSHIRENYIYIZHUJICHENGYICHANZHIQUANLIZAOSHOUQINHAI, BINGJIANGPEICHANGFANWEIXIANDINGWEIYINYIZHUWUXIAOERBEIJIANSHAODEJICHENGFENE。DANZAITONGSHUJIANZHENGYIZHUWUXIAOXINGDE“ZHANGMOUAN” (26) ZHONG, FAYUANDETAIDUYOUSUOZHUANBIAN。YUDUOSHUFAYUANZHUYAOYIJUYINYIZHUWUXIAOERBEIJIANSHAODEJICHENGFENELAIQUEDINGPEICHANGFANWEIBUTONG, ZAICIANZHONGYISHENFAYUANCHULEKAOLVDAOBEIJIANSHAODEJICHENGFENEWAI, HAIGENJUGUOCUOCHENGDUZHUOQINGQUEDINGLVSUODEPEICHANGSHUE。ERERSHENFAYUANZEGAIBIANLEYISHENFAYUANZONGHEKAOLIANGBEIJIANSHAODEJICHENGFENEHELVSUOGUOCUOCHENGDUDEZUOFA, YOUHUIGUIDAOJINDANCHUNYIJUJICHENGRENYINYIZHUWUXIAOERBEIJIANSHAODEFENEQUEDINGPEICHANGFANWEI。LIANGSHENFAYUANZAISUNSHIDERENDINGHEPEICHANGFANWEISHANGCHUXIANFENQI, TAIDUBUYI。

                                FAYUANTAIDUDEFENQIHAITIXIANZAIZHIXINGCHENGXUSHIZHIXINGANJIANZHONG。DANGSHIRENJUNYINLVSHICHIYANSHENQINGQIANGZHIZHIXINGDAOZHIJINGJISUNSHI, ERBUTONGFAYUANDERENDINGQUEJIERANXIANGFAN。ZAI“JIANGMOUAN” (27) ZHONG, YISHENFAYUANRENWEILVSUOWEIANZHAOYUEDINGJISHIDAIWEISHENQINGQIANGZHIZHIXING, DAOZHIJIANGMOUZAOSHOUSUNSHI, LIYINGPEICHANG;ERSHENFAYUANYIYUYIQUEREN。RANZAI“TIANDAGONGSIAN” (28) ZHONG, YISHENFAYUANRENDINGCHIYANSHENQINGZHIXINGXIDANGSHIRENERFEILVSUODEGUOCUO, QIYAOQIUPEICHANGSUNSHIDEZHUZHANGBUYUZHICHI;ERSHENFAYUANSUIRANRENDINGLVSUODUICHIYANSHENQINGCUNZAIGUOCUO, DANRENWEISHANGSURENJINSHISANGSHILEXIANGFAYUANSHENQINGQIANGZHIZHIXINGDEQUANLI, BINGWEIYINCIERSANGSHIZHAIQUAN, SHANGSURENBINGWUSHIJISUNSHI, GUWEICHIYISHENPANJUE。TONGSHIYINCHIYANSHENQINGQIANGZHIZHIXINGDAOZHIJINGJISUNSHIZHIQINGXING, BEIJINGHESHANGHAIFAYUANDETAIDUWANQUANDUILI, YIDIZHICHI, YIDIBOHUI。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   CIWAI, DUIYULVSHIDAILIFEIDEPEICHANGWENTI, FAYUANJIBENCAIQUBUYUZHICHIHEHUIBIDETAIDU, DANZAIJIANZHENGHETONGSHIZHIXINGDE“YEMOUAN” (29) ZHONG, LIANGSHENFAYUANJUNZHICHILVSUOPEICHANGDANGSHIRENHETONGJIANZHENGFEIJIJIANZHENGHETONGDELVSHIDAILIFEI, GAIBIANLEDABUFENFAYUANZAICIWENTISHANGBUYUZHICHIDETAIDU。

                                3.赔偿范围之检讨

                                CHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIYINQISHOUHAIRENHEZERENFANWEIDEBUQUEDINGXINGERCHANSHENGRUHEHELIGUIFANDENANTI[2] (P363) 。JIANGCHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIDEGAINIANYUYIBANCAICHANSUNSHIQUBIEKAILAI, QIZUOYONGYEJINJINZAIYUQUEDINGSHOUHAIRENFEIYINJUEDUIQUANSHOUZHIJIEQINHAIERZAOSHOUDEJINQIANSHANGZHIBULIYILIYINGPEICHANG, DANQISHIFOUYINGYUPEICHANGYIXUJIESHOUQITAQINQUANZERENGOUCHENGYAOJIANZHIXIANZHI[11] (P437-438) 。YINCI, ZAILVSHIGUOSHILVZHIZHISUNCHANGHE, DUIXIANGDUIQUEDINGDESHOUHAIRENHESUNSHIYUYIJIUJIZIWUYIWEN。ERDUIYUPEICHANGFANWEI, YIFANGMIANYAOKAOLVSHOUHAIRENHESUNSHIDEQUEDINGCHENGDU, LINGYIFANGMIANYAOXIANDINGWEIYINLVSHIGUOSHILVZHIERDAOZHIDEZHIJIEJINGJISUNSHIHUOJINQIANSHANGDEBULIYI。

                                JUTIERYAN, ZAIJIANZHENGYIZHUWUXIAOANXINGZHONG, YINGYIJUJICHENGRENYINYIZHUWUXIAOERBEIJIANSHAODEJICHENGFENELAIQUEDINGDANGSHIRENDESUNSHIJILVSUODEPEICHANGFANWEI。ZAIZHIXINGCHENGXUSHIZHIXINGANJIANZHONG, YIYINGYIJUYINLVSHICHIYANSHENQINGDAOZHIDEZHIJIEJINGJISUNSHIHUOJINQIANSHANGDEBULIYILAIQUEDINGSUNSHIJIQIPEICHANGFANWEI。ZAILVSHIGUOSHILVZHICHANGHE, LVSHIDAILIFEISHIFOUYINGYUPEICHANGYAOSHIJUTIQINGKUANGERDING。ZAIDANGSHIRENXUANZEWEIYUESUYOUSHI, YINLVSUOWEIYUESHIWEITUOHETONGMUDEWEINENGSHIXIAN, DANGSHIRENYAOQIUFANHAILVSHIDAILIFEIBINGWUZHANGAI;ERZAIDANGSHIRENXUANZEQINQUANSUYOUCHANGHE, LVSHIDAILIFEISUNSHIYINGFOUPEICHANGBUNENGYIGAIERLUN, RENGXUZONGHEKAOLIANGJUTIQINGKUANGERDING。YOUFAYUANRENWEILVSHIDAILIFEISUNSHIYULVSUODEGUOSHILVZHIXINGWEIZHIJIANBINGBUCUNZAIBIRANDEYINGUOGUANXI, DANGSHIRENYINLVSHIGUOSHILVZHIZAOSHOUDEZHIJIEJINGJISUNSHIHUOJINGJISHANGDEBULIYICAISHIQINQUANSUNHAIHOUGUO。RANCIZHONGRENDINGSHIFOUHELI, YOUDAIZHENZHUO。

                                WOMENQIDAIZISHENDEQUANYISHENZHICHUNCUIJINGJILIYINENGHUODEFALVZUIDACHENGDUDEBAOZHANG, DANTONGSHIYEQIDAINENGHUODEZUIDAXIANDUDEZIYOU, DANZIYOUYUANQUANWUYISHIYUYUXIONGZHANGZHIGUANXIERNANYIJIANDE[5] (P736) 。DUIYUYINLVSHIGUOSHILVZHISUOZHICHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIDEPEICHANGFANWEI, YAOPINGHENGXINGWEIZIYOUHELIYIBAOZHANG, YANGEXIANDINGYUYINGUOSHILVZHIERZAOSHOUDEZHIJIEJINGJISUNSHIHUOJINQIANSHANGDEBULIYI, ERBUYIGUODUKUOZHANG。

                                五、司法实务的改进方案

                              星云棋牌官网下载   HUIDAOBENWENDIYIBUFENTICHUDESANZEANLI, BIZHERENWEIKECONGYIXIAJIGEFANGMIANYUYIGAIJIN。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   DUIYUANJIANYI, YIZHUJIANZHENGFEIZHEIYIPEICHANGXIANGMUSHIFOUJUEDUIBUNENGFANHAIYOUJINYIBUTAOLUNKONGJIAN。YISHIWEIBEILEFADINGZHUYIYIWU。BENANDEJIANZHENGFEIQUESHIBUSHIJICHENGRENZHIFUDEDUIJIA, DANSHILIYIZHURENYIJINGSIWANG, ERLVSHIQUESHICUNZAIZHEYANZHONGDEGUOCUO, GUOCUOZHUYAODEPANDUANBIAOZHUNYINGWEIZHUYIYIWUDEWEIFAN。YIWUDELAIYUANBINGBUJINJINSHIFADINGYIWU, HETONGYIWU、SHIFADEXINGGUIYIWU、GONGXULIANGSUDENGDOUKEYIZUOWEIGUOCUODERENDINGBIAOZHUN。XINGGUIYIWUDEQUEDING, ZHUYAOCANKAOLVXIEFABUDEGUIDING, RUQUANGUOLVXIEYU2007NIANCHUTAIDE《LVSHIJIANZHENGYEWUGONGZUOXIZE》DENG。WEIBEIHETONGDEYUEDING, SHIDEHETONGMUDEWEIDADAOSHIPANDUANWEIYUEDEBIAOZHUN。WEIFANFALVGUIDINGYIWU, SHIDELIHAIGUANXIRENZAOSHOUSUNSHI, WEIQINQUANZERENDEPANDUANBIAOZHUN。BENANSHIJIYUTONGYIQINQUANSHISHI, RUGUOYAOQIUSHOUHAIRENYIHETONGSUYOUQISU, NEIMEZHENGYIWUYIHUILAIZIHETONGDEXIANGDUIXING, DANGRANYEKEYILIJIEWEIDISANRENLIYIDEHETONG, YINWEILIYIZHURENQIANYUEDEMUDESHISHIDEHETONGDANGSHIRENYIWAIDEDISANRENSHOUYI。DANSHIWOGUO《HETONGFA》DI64TIAODELIJIEHESHIYONGSHANGCUNJIAODAZHENGYI, GUYIHETONGSUYOUYAOQIUFANHAIDUIJIADEFENGXIANJIAOGAO。TIQIQINQUANSUYOUSHIFOUJIUKEYIMIANCHUGAIDUIJIADEFANHAI?YIFANGMIAN, LIYIZHURENRUGUOZHIDAOHETONGMUDELUOKONG, YIBANYEJIUBUHUIRANGWEIYUEDELVSUOBAOYOUGAILIYI。LINGYIFANGMIAN, LVSUODEWEIYUESUNHAIPEICHANGQINGQIUQUANZHUTIYINSIWANGERFASHENGZHUANYI, GUZUOWEIJICHENGRENYOUQUANYAOQIUFANHAI。

                                GAIANCHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIFANWEIMINGQUE, BIANJIEQINGXI, SHOUSUNHAIZHEJINYOUBEIHAIRENYIREN, DAILIFEISUNSHI6000YUANYESHIGUDINGDE, SIHAOMEIYOURENHEBUQUEDINGDEYINSU, BINGMEIYOUCHAOCHULVSUODEKEYUJIANXING。BENWENBUFOURENWANGBAOFUYULVSUOWUZHIJIEHETONGGUANXIZHEIYISHISHI, DANLIANGZHEJIANDEGUANXIYIJINGJIWEIJINMI, SIHAOBUYAYUQIYUEDANGSHIRENZHIJIANDEGUANXI, JISHISHIYIQINQUANSUYOUTIQISUQIU, LVSUODUIWANGBAOFUYEFUYOUZHUYIYIWU。CONGQIYUEGUANXILAIKAN, LIYIZHURENYULVSUOZHIJIANGAOANGDEDUIJIAGUANXIBENSHENYEYIWEIZHEYIZHONGXINREN, YOUXINTUODEGONGNENG, BANGZHUYINGGAIHUODEGAOEYICHANDEJICHENGRENHUODEYICHAN。

                                DUIYUANJIANER, SHOUHAIRENZAILVSHIGUOSHIJIANZHENGDEZHIYINXIA, YIJIAXIAOSHOUGUQUANERSHOUDAOXINGSHICHUFA, YINERYAOQIUPEICHANGXILIESUNSHI。FAYUANDUIXILIESUNSHIBINGMEIYOUXIZHIDISHUOMINGLIYOU, MEIYOUYONGQINGQIUQUANJICHUDESIWEI, JINJINYI“ZISHENCHAOYUE《FUWUHETONG》YUEDINGFANCHOUDEXINGWEISUOZHI、LVSUOGUOSHIXINGWEISUOZHANDEYUANYINLIBILIJIAODI”WEIYOUZHUODINGPEICHANG30 000YUAN。GAIANBAOLUDEWENTIYOUHENDUO, BIRUWEISHENCHALVSHIGUOCUODEDAXIAO、JIANZHENGGUOCUOYUJINGJISUNSHIZHIJIANDEYINGUOGUANXI、ZERENXINGTAISHIFOUWEIBUCHONGPEICHANGZERENDENG。BIZHERENWEIBENANSHOUHAIRENTICHUDEDALIANGCHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIBINGBUNENGJIANDANDIYIQINQUANZERENHUOZHEQIYUEZERENWEIYOUHUADING, ERYINGDUICHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIFENLEISHUOLI。

                                DUIYUTUIPEIKUAN574 670YUANDESUNSHI。GAIBITUIPEIKUANBENSHENSHIYINFEIFAYIJIAXIAOSHOUZHENGQUANSUODAOZHIDE, LVSHIJIUJINGSHIFOUYINGGAICHENGDANLIANDAIHUOZHEBUCHONGPEICHANGZERENYINGGAIKAOLVLVSHIYUSHOUHAIRENSHIFOUYOUYISILIANLUO、XINGWEIKEGUANSHANGSHIFOUYOUYUANYINLIYIDINGZERENXINGTAI。BENANFAYUANSIHURENWEISHIANFENZEREN, SHIJISHANG, BUFAYOUFAYUANRENWEIWEIFAJIANZHENGCHANGHE, LVSUOYINGDUIDANGSHIRENBUNENGPEICHANGDEBUFENCHENGDANBUCHONGPEICHANGZERENDEPANJUE (30) 。YIMOUMOUFUWUHETONGWEIMING、YIFEIFAJIZIWEISHIDEQINGKUANG, ZAISHIWUZHONGLVJIANBUXIAN。GAIANPANJUESHUMEIYOUFANYINGGENGDUOXIZHIDEQINGKUANG, BIRUSHOUHAIRENSHIFOUYUMOULIYONGLEHETONGJIANZHENGJINXINGQIZHA、LVSHISHIFOUXUYIBANGZHUFEIFAJIZIMEIYOUYANMING。DANPANJUERENDINGDESHISHIQUESHISHOUHAIREN“DUOCIXIANGLIANGWEILVSHIQIUZHENG《FUWUHETONG》DEHEFAXING, LIANGWEILVSHIJUNZUOCHULEKENDINGDEDAFU”, GUKEYIRENWEIJIANZHENGFANGDEQINQUANCUCHENGLEYIXILIEDECAICHANSUNSHI。CICHUDETUIPEIKUANCHANSHENGDEYUANYINYIBUFENSHIYINWEIDUIWAICHENGNUOGAOXIJIEKUANHOU, XIANGBUTEDINGDUIXIANGXISHOUCUNKUANDEXINGWEIJIEGUO。DUIYULVSHIERYAN, RUGUODANGSHIJINSHENDICHUJUFALVYIJIAN, JIUBUHUIDAOZHISHUERUCIZHIDA。BENANDEXINGWEIRENWEIFAN《ZHENGQUANFA》《GONGSIFA》DENGGUANLIFAGUI, ZAIWEIJINGYIFAPIZHUNDEQINGKUANGXIA, TONGGUOGONGKAIYIJIAXIAOSHOUGUQUANDEFANGSHIHUOQULIYIQUESHIRAOLUANLEJINRONGZHIXU, DANSHIQIBINGFEIFALVDEZHUANJIA, NANYIRENDINGQIZHIXIXINGWEIWEIFA, YUCIXIANGFAN, GAIXINGWEIQIAQIAYOUYUWEIFAJIANZHENGERCUCHENG。CIWAI, SHOUHAIRENBEIDINGZUIZUIMINGZHISHIFEIFAJINGYINGZUI, BUSHIJIZIZHAPIANZUI, QISHICONGZUIMINGSHANGKAN, DAZHIYEKEYIBIAOMINGSHOUHAIRENBINGMEIYOUNALVSHIDEJIANZHENGZUOWEIHUANGZIMENGPIANTAREN, QIAQIASHIYINWEILVSHILVZHIBUDANGDAOZHI, GUYOUGUOSHIDELVSUOYINGGAICHENGDANYUZHIGUOCUOXIANGSHIYINGDEBUCHONGPEICHANGZEREN, ERFAYUANZHUOQINGQUEDINGDEDANZEBILIGUODI。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   DUIYUANLISAN, SHOUHAIRENSUIRANTICHULEYILANZIQINGQIU, FAYUANYINGGAIXIANGQISHIMING, RANGSUSONGQINGQIUGENGWEI“MINGQUE”。SHOUHAIRENMEIYOUMINGQUEQINGQIUQUANJICHU, JINJINYISHOUDAOSUNSHIWEIYOUQISU, ZENGDALEBAISUFENGXIAN。SHOUHAIRENTICHUDESUQIUYOUSANLEI, FENBIESHI“BAISUCHANSHENGSUNSHI”“DAILIFEISUNSHI”“SUSONGFEISUNSHI”。GENJU《LVSHIFA》DI54TIAODEGUIDING, LVSUOJIESHOUYOULIYICHONGTUDANGSHIRENDEDAILIWEITUO, WANQUANWEIDUIFANGXIANGHUGOUJIETIGONGLEJIHUI, GUKEYIRENDINGSHIZHONGDAGUOSHIXINGWEI, JISHISHIZAIQINQUANSUYOUXIA, DAILIFEIZUOWEICHUNCUIJINGJISUNSHIYEYINGGAIPEICHANG。BENWENRENWEICIANYINGYIHETONGSUYOUWEIQINGQIUQUANJICHU, JUTIERYAN, YIGESHIRENYIJIECHUQUANGUIDING, LINGYIGESHIWEIYUEZERENGUIDING。DANGSHIRENYULVSUOZHIJIANQIANDINGDEWEITUODAILIHETONGSHIYIXINRENWEIJICHUDE, HETONGBINGFEISHIYULVSHIDANDUQIANDINGDE, ERSHILVSUO, FOUZEJIUSHISIXIAJIESHOUYEWU。TONGSHI, RENYIJIECHUQUANSHI《HETONGFA》DI410TIAOGUIDINGDEFADINGQUANLI, ERFALVFUWUHETONGYUYIBANWEITUOHETONGBINGWUERZHI, QIEZAISUISHIJIECHUHETONGDETONGSHI, PEICHANGDESUNSHIYINGBAOKUOKEDELIYISUNSHI, QISHIWEIBAISUZAOCHENGDESUNSHI。JISHIMOUXIEFALVFUWUHETONGNEIRONGFUZA, YUDANCHUNDEWEITUOHETONGYOUCHURU, DANYEBUNENGFOURENZHEIYIFADINGQUANLI。BENANLVSUOZHIJIEGONGRANDAILIYOULIYICHONGTUDELINGYIFANGDANGSHIRENYOUWEIHETONGMUDE, GUFANHAIDAILIFEIBINGFEISHANZIJIECHUHETONGDEXINGWEI, GENGBUNENGDINGXINGWEIWEIYUE。HETONGDESHIJILVXINGQINGKUANGGURANKEYIZUOWEIJIANSHAOFANHAIDAILIFEI、XIANZHIRENYIJIECHUQUANXINGSHIDEYIJU, DANBUNENGYINBAISUSUNSHIWUBIRANYINGUOGUANXIWEIYOUJIUJUJUEFANHAIQUANBUDAILIFEISUNSHI。DANGRAN, FANHAIDAILIFEIDESHUEYINGJINGXIHUA, RUGUOHETONGYIJINGMINGQUELEGEGESUSONGJIEDUANDEDAILIFEIDEJISUANBIAOZHUN, YINGMINGQUELVSHIJIESHOULIYICHONGTUDANGSHIRENDESHIJIANSUOCHUDESUSONGJIEDUANHEYIWANGTIGONGFUWUDEQINGKUANG, GONGYUNDIZHUODINGPEICHANGE。TUIYIBUJIANG, JISHIDAILISHIGERENXINGWEI、SIZISHOUAN, RUGUOQUESHIWEIANJIANZUOLEBUFENGONGZUOYEYINGGAIZHUODINGBUFENSHUE。

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                                ZHUSHI

                                1王保富诉三信律师所财产损害赔偿纠纷二审案, 《最高人民法院公报》2005年第10期.
                                2 上海市第一中级人民法院 (2011) 沪一中民一 (民) 终字第1117号民事判决书。
                                3 湖北省咸宁市中级人民法院 (2018) 鄂12民终224号二审民事判决书。
                                4 笔者以“律师事务所财产损害赔偿”为关键词在无讼案例库中进行检索, 得到检索结果120则, 为兼顾案例的权威性与时效性, 本文选取了27则典型案例予以类型化分析。最后检索日期2018年12月26日。
                                5 天津市南开区人民法院 (2018) 津0104民初3917号民事判决书;王保富诉三信律师所财产损害赔偿纠纷案, 《最高人民法院公报》2005年第10期;辽宁省沈阳市中级人民法院 (2016) 辽01民终2203号民事裁定书;北京市第二中级人民法院 (2014) 二中民提字第02536号民事判决书;上海市第二中级人民法院 (2015) 沪二中民一 (民) 终字第1263号民事判决书;上海市黄浦区人民法院 (2013) 黄浦民一 (民) 初字第4583号民事判决书。
                                6 广东省高级人民法院 (2017) 粤民再211号民事判决书, 上海市第一中级人民法院 (2011) 沪一中民一 (民) 终字第1117号民事判决书, 广州市中级人民法院 (2014) 穗中法民二终字第932号民事判决书, 苏州市太仓市人民法院 (2012) 太民初字第0384号民事判决书。
                                7 上海市卢湾区人民法院 (2010) 卢民二 (商) 初字第321号民事判决书, 北京市第一中级人民法院 (2014) 一中民终字第03119号民事判决书。
                                8 湖北省咸宁市中级人民法院 (2018) 鄂12民终224号民事判决书, 上海市第二中级人民法院 (2015) 沪二中民一 (民) 终字第2095号民事判决书, 上海市第二中级人民法院 (2010) 沪二中民一 (民) 终字第914号民事判决书, 上海市第一中级人民法院 (2011) 沪一中民四 (商) 终字第9号民事判决书, 上海市第二中级人民法院 (2016) 沪02民终1952号民事判决书。
                                9 四川省邛崃市人民法院 (2013) 邛崃民初字第1834号民事判决书, 北京市第三中级人民法院 (2015) 三中民终字第09426号民事裁定书, 十堰市中级人民法院 (2016) 鄂03民终657号民事判决书。
                                10 青岛市中级人民法院 (2013) 青民五终字第1572号民事判决书。
                                11 上海市第二中级人民法院 (2015) 沪二中民一 (民) 终字第3093号民事判决书。
                                12 佛山市中级人民法院 (2015) 佛中法民一终字第99号民事裁定书, 上海市第一中级人民法院 (2016) 沪01民终1848号民事判决书, 上海市第一中级人民法院 (2012) 沪一中民一 (民) 终字第2452号民事判决书。
                                13 上海市第一中级人民法院 (2013) 沪一中民一 (民) 终字第462号民事判决书, 海南省海口市中级人民法院 (2001) 海中法民终字第148号民事判决书。
                                14 本文选取的27则案例中, 12则过失履行非诉法律服务的案件中, 当事人的主要诉请被法院支持的案例高达9则;而15则过失履行诉讼法律服务的案件中, 仅有2则被法院支持。
                                15 上海市第一中级人民法院 (2013) 沪一中民一 (民) 终字第462号民事判决书, 此案在实质上是将《侵权责任法》第6条第1款作为请求权基础。
                                16 上海市第一中级人民法院 (2013) 沪一中民一 (民) 终字第462号民事判决书, 海南省海口市中级人民法院 (2001) 海中法民终字第148号民事判决书, 广州市中级人民法院 (2014) 穗中法民二终字第932号民事判决书, 广东省高级人民法院 (2017) 粤民再211号民事判决书。
                                17 此处之请求权基础仅选取法院适用的实体法而不考虑程序法;对于相同案型仅列明法院适用过的依据, 而不再区分个案以及两审法院之间的不同;同时, 此处限于当事人选择侵权诉由之情形。
                                18 为了体现法规之时效性, 笔者以《民法总则》相应法条之表述替代案件裁判时法院实际接引之《民法通则》相对应法条, 如以《民法总则》第三条或第七条替代原《民法通则》第四条或第五条之表达, 以《民法总则》第120条替代原《民法通则》第106条第二款之表述。且在确有必要时保留《民法通则》相关表述。
                                19 王保富诉三信律师所财产损害赔偿纠纷二审案, 《最高人民法院公报》2005年第10期。
                                20 北京市第二中级人民法院 (2014) 二中民提字第02536号民事判决书。
                                21 辽宁省沈阳市中级人民法院 (2016) 辽01民终2203号民事裁定书, 天津市南开区人民法院 (2018) 津0104民初3917号民事判决书。
                                22 邱琦:《纯粹经济上损失之研究》.台湾大学博士论文, 第68页。关于“附保护第三人作用之契约”的案例, 还有王泽鉴先生在《民法学说与判例研究 (二) 》第27页所列RGZ87, 65;RGZ87, 292;RGZ91, 24;RGZ160, 153。
                                23 主张精神损害赔偿的案件有:上海市第二中级人民法院 (2015) 沪二中民一 (民) 终字第2095号民事判决书, 上海市第二中级人民法院 (2010) 沪二中民一 (民) 终字第914号民事判决书, 上海市第一中级人民法院 (2016) 沪01民终1848号民事判决书。
                                24 北京市第三中级人民法院 (2015) 三中民终字第09426号民事裁定书。
                                25 辽宁省沈阳市中级人民法院 (2016) 辽01民终2203号民事裁定书。
                                26 上海市第二中级人民法院 (2015) 沪二中民一 (民) 终字第1263号民事判决书。
                                27 北京市第二中级人民法院 (2014) 二中民提字第02536号民事判决书。
                                28 上海市第一中级人民法院 (2013) 沪一中民一 (民) 终字第462号民事判决书
                                29 海南省海口市中级人民法院 (2001) 海中法民终字第148号民事判决书。
                                30 上海市第一中级人民法院 (2011) 沪一中民一 (民) 终字第1117号民事判决书。
                                31 苏州市太仓市人民法院 (2012) 太民初字第0384号民事判决书, 广州市中级人民法院 (2014) 穗中法民二终字第932号民事判决书。

                                张红.律师过失履职致损之赔偿责任[J].西北大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2019,49(05):36-46.
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