星云棋牌官网下载

    <dir id='qkunb'><del id='qkunb'><del id='qkunb'></del><pre id='qkunb'><pre id='qkunb'><option id='qkunb'><address id='qkunb'></address><bdo id='qkunb'><tr id='qkunb'><acronym id='qkunb'><pre id='qkunb'></pre></acronym><div id='qkunb'></div></tr></bdo></option></pre><small id='qkunb'><address id='qkunb'><u id='qkunb'><legend id='qkunb'><option id='qkunb'><abbr id='qkunb'></abbr><li id='qkunb'><pre id='qkunb'></pre></li></option></legend><select id='qkunb'></select></u></address></small></pre></del><sup id='qkunb'></sup><blockquote id='qkunb'><dt id='qkunb'></dt></blockquote><blockquote id='qkunb'></blockquote></dir><tt id='qkunb'></tt><u id='qkunb'><tt id='qkunb'><form id='qkunb'></form></tt><td id='qkunb'><dt id='qkunb'></dt></td></u>
  1. <code id='qkunb'><i id='qkunb'><q id='qkunb'><legend id='qkunb'><pre id='qkunb'><style id='qkunb'><acronym id='qkunb'><i id='qkunb'><form id='qkunb'><option id='qkunb'><center id='qkunb'></center></option></form></i></acronym></style><tt id='qkunb'></tt></pre></legend></q></i></code><center id='qkunb'></center>

      <dd id='qkunb'></dd>

        <style id='qkunb'></style><sub id='qkunb'><dfn id='qkunb'><abbr id='qkunb'><big id='qkunb'><bdo id='qkunb'></bdo></big></abbr></dfn></sub>
        <dir id='qkunb'></dir>
          <dir id='5l98a'><del id='5l98a'><del id='5l98a'></del><pre id='5l98a'><pre id='5l98a'><option id='5l98a'><address id='5l98a'></address><bdo id='5l98a'><tr id='5l98a'><acronym id='5l98a'><pre id='5l98a'></pre></acronym><div id='5l98a'></div></tr></bdo></option></pre><small id='5l98a'><address id='5l98a'><u id='5l98a'><legend id='5l98a'><option id='5l98a'><abbr id='5l98a'></abbr><li id='5l98a'><pre id='5l98a'></pre></li></option></legend><select id='5l98a'></select></u></address></small></pre></del><sup id='5l98a'></sup><blockquote id='5l98a'><dt id='5l98a'></dt></blockquote><blockquote id='5l98a'></blockquote></dir><tt id='5l98a'></tt><u id='5l98a'><tt id='5l98a'><form id='5l98a'></form></tt><td id='5l98a'><dt id='5l98a'></dt></td></u>
        1. <code id='5l98a'><i id='5l98a'><q id='5l98a'><legend id='5l98a'><pre id='5l98a'><style id='5l98a'><acronym id='5l98a'><i id='5l98a'><form id='5l98a'><option id='5l98a'><center id='5l98a'></center></option></form></i></acronym></style><tt id='5l98a'></tt></pre></legend></q></i></code><center id='5l98a'></center>

            <dd id='5l98a'></dd>

              <style id='5l98a'></style><sub id='5l98a'><dfn id='5l98a'><abbr id='5l98a'><big id='5l98a'><bdo id='5l98a'></bdo></big></abbr></dfn></sub>
              <dir id='5l98a'></dir>
                <dir id='fea9b'><del id='fea9b'><del id='fea9b'></del><pre id='fea9b'><pre id='fea9b'><option id='fea9b'><address id='fea9b'></address><bdo id='fea9b'><tr id='fea9b'><acronym id='fea9b'><pre id='fea9b'></pre></acronym><div id='fea9b'></div></tr></bdo></option></pre><small id='fea9b'><address id='fea9b'><u id='fea9b'><legend id='fea9b'><option id='fea9b'><abbr id='fea9b'></abbr><li id='fea9b'><pre id='fea9b'></pre></li></option></legend><select id='fea9b'></select></u></address></small></pre></del><sup id='fea9b'></sup><blockquote id='fea9b'><dt id='fea9b'></dt></blockquote><blockquote id='fea9b'></blockquote></dir><tt id='fea9b'></tt><u id='fea9b'><tt id='fea9b'><form id='fea9b'></form></tt><td id='fea9b'><dt id='fea9b'></dt></td></u>
              1. <code id='fea9b'><i id='fea9b'><q id='fea9b'><legend id='fea9b'><pre id='fea9b'><style id='fea9b'><acronym id='fea9b'><i id='fea9b'><form id='fea9b'><option id='fea9b'><center id='fea9b'></center></option></form></i></acronym></style><tt id='fea9b'></tt></pre></legend></q></i></code><center id='fea9b'></center>

                  <dd id='fea9b'></dd>

                    <style id='fea9b'></style><sub id='fea9b'><dfn id='fea9b'><abbr id='fea9b'><big id='fea9b'><bdo id='fea9b'></bdo></big></abbr></dfn></sub>
                    <dir id='fea9b'></dir>
                  1. 学术堂首页 | 文献求助论文范文 | 论文题目 | 参考文献 | 开题报告 | 论文格式 | 摘要提纲 | 论文致谢 | 论文查重 | 论文答辩 | 论文发表 | 期刊杂志 | 论文写作 | 论文PPT
                    学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 法学论文 > 法律论文 > 民商法论文

                    《民法总则》中商事主体规制的优缺点

                    时间:2018-09-07 来源:山西高等学校社会科学学报 作者:汪渊智,许慧心 本文字数:10910字

                      摘    要: 《民法总则》在民商合一的体例下设置统一的私法主体制度, 探究《民法总则》中商事主体制度的得失对于商事理论发展具有重要意义。一方面, 《民法总则》科学采用了一般规则统辖下的特别法范式构建商事主体制度;以营利与非营利的商事视角为标准建立法人类型;创新和扩大了商事主体的类型。另一方面, 《民法总则》存在未明确商事主体确认的标准;以企业形式为核心建立营利法人制度;对《公司法》摄入过度等问题。对于《民法总则》中商事主体制度的不足部分, 可以通过商事特别法、商事改革实践的落实和统一的商事登记法予以解决。

                      关键词: 民商合一; 民法总则; 商事主体制度;

                      Abstract: 星云棋牌官网下载General Principles of Civil Law establishes a unified subject system of private law under the system of integration of civil and commercial affairs, so it is of great significance for the development of commercial theory to explore the gains and losses of the subject system of commercial law in General Principles of Civil Law. On the one hand, General Principles of Civil Law scientifically adopts the special law paradigm governed by general rules to construct the commercial subject system, establishes a type of legal person based on the commercial perspective of profit and non-profit, and innovates and expands the type of commercial subjects. On the other hand, there are some problems in General Principles of Civil Law, such as the lack of clear criteria for the confirmation of commercial subjects, the establishment of a profit-making legal person system centered on the form of enterprises, and the excessive intake of the Company Law. The deficiencies of the commercial subject system in General Principles of Civil Law can be solved by the special commercial law, the implementation of commercial reform practice and the unified commercial registration law.

                      Keyword: integration of civil and commercial affairs; General Principles of Civil Law; commercial subject system;

                      BIANZUANMINFADIANBUJINSHIQUANMIANTUIJINYIFAZHIGUO、QUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGEDEXUYAO, ERQIEYESHIMINFAZISHENSHIXIANKEXUEHUA、TIXIHUADEXUYAO, ER《MINFAZONGZE》ZUOWEIMINFADIANBIANZUANDEDIYIBUYUDAODEZHONGDAYINANWENTIJISHIRUHECHULIMINFAHESHANGFADEGUANXI, CIGUANSHEMINSHANGSHIFALVDEDINGWEIHESIFAGUIZEDEBIAODA。2017NIAN10YUE1RIQISHIXINGDE《MINFAZONGZE》CAIYONGLEMINSHANGHEYIDELIFATILI, YANXULEWOGUO《MINFATONGZE》YILAIDUIYUMINSHANGGUANXIDECHULITAIDU。SHANGSHIZHUTIZHIDUZUOWEISHANGSHIZHIDUDEQIDIAN, YIJISHANGSHIZHIDUGAIGEDEQIERUDIAN, QISHIYINGGAIGEDETIXIZAIZHENGGESHANGSHILILUNZHONGZHANGXIANCHUFEICHANGZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。GUTONGGUOTANJIU《MINFAZONGZE》SHIFOUKAOLVLESHANGSHIZHIDUGAIGEDELINIANHEZONGZHI, ZHENGQUESHENSHILEMINSHANGSHIZHUTIZHIJIANDEGUANXI, GUANZHAOLESHANGSHIZHUTIDETESHUXINGDENGWENTI, YILIQING《MINFAZONGZE》ZHONGSHANGSHIZHUTIZHIDUDECHENGGONGYUBUZU, CONGERFANGUANMINSHANGSHIGEJUHESHANGSHIZHUTIZHIDUGOUJIAN, BIANYUJINYIBUWANSHANSHANGSHILILUN。

                      一、《民法总则》中商事主体制度的成功之处

                    星云棋牌官网下载   QUEDINGSHANGSHIZHUTISHICONGSHISHANGSHIHUODONGDEQIDIANHESHIYONGSHANGSHIGUIZEDEQIANTI, 《MINFAZONGZE》DAZAOLESHANGSHIZHUTIZHIDUDEJIBENJIAGOU, ZAIMOUXIEFANGMIANQIHELESHANGSHIZHUTIDETEXING。LIFATILISHANGZUNZHONGLEWOGUOMINSHANGSHILIFADECHUANTONG;ZHUTILEIXINGSHANGYUCHUANTONGSHANGSHIZHUTILEIXINGJINXINGLEXIANJIE;FARENBUFENFENLEIBIAOZHUNTUCHUTIXIANSHANGSHISHIJIAO, KUOZHANCHENGRENLESHANGSHIZHUTIDELEIXING, TIXIANLESHANGSHIZHUTIDEBAORONGXING。《MINFAZONGZE》GUANYUSHANGSHIZHUTIDEGUIDINGZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGMANZULEDANGQIANSHANGSHIHUODONGFAZHANDEXUQIU, SHUNYINGLESHANGSHIZHUTIZHIDUGAIGEDEFANGXIANG, DUIYUBIANYISHANGZHUTIJINGYINGHEFAZHANJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。

                      (一) 科学采用了一般规则统辖下的特别法范式

                      ZAIMINSHANGHEYITILIXIAGOUJIANSHANGSHIZHUTIZHIDU, XUEZHEYIJINGCONGLIFACHUANTONG、LIFAJISHUDEKEXUEXINGDENGFANGMIANJINXINGLEFENXI, ERRUHEZAIMINSHANGHEYITILIXIABAOZHENGMINFADIANTILIDEWANZHENGXINGHELUOJIXING, BAOZHENGTIXIANSHANGSHIZHUTIDELINGHUOXINGHEZHANGLI, XUEJIEDUIYUMINFADIANXIAJIANLISHANGSHIZHUTIZHIDUYOUYIXIASILU:DIYI, SHANGSHIZHUTIWANQUANRONGRUMINFADIAN;DIER, SHANGSHIZHUTIZAIMINFADIANZHONGDULICHENGBIANHUODULICHENGZHANG;DISAN, MINFADIANWAIZHIDING《SHANGSHITONGZE》, ZAIMINFADIANDEDAKUANGJIAXIA, TONGGUO《SHANGSHITONGZE》JIANGSHANGSHIDANXINGFABUZUYEBUBIANDIAOZHENGDESHANGSHIFALVGUANXI, TONGGUOYIBANXINGDIAOZHENGYUYIMIBU①。DANSHI, YISHANGJIZHONGSILUZAILIFAJISHUJINEIRONGDELUOJISHANGJUNCUNZAIYIDINGDEWENTI, SHANGSHIZHUTIXIANGJIAOYUMINSHIZHUTIERYAN, JUYOUGENGQIANGDELINGHUOXING, XUYAOZAIZHIDUSHEJISHANGBAORONGQIFAZHAN, GUOFENKEQIUWANQUANDEMINSHANGHEYI, HUIDAOZHIMINFADIANCHENGWEILUOJIHUNLUANDEZAROUSHIPINPANLIFA, ERQITUKUAYUEMINSHANGHEYIYUMINSHANGFENLIDE《SHANGSHITONGZE》, ZEHUIZAOCHENGLIFAGUIFANDEZHONGFUHEFANZA。XUYAOZHUYIDESHI, MINFADIANYIMINSHIZHUTIWEIGOUJIANDEDIYISHIJIAO, SHANGSHIZHUTISHIJISHANGBEIYINZANGZAIMINSHIZHUTIZHIHOU, ZHEISHIMINFAZUOWEIYIBANFAYIJILIFAJISHUYAOQIUXIABUKEBIMIANDESHEZHI。GUMINSHANGHEYITILIXIASHANGSHIZHUTIDEZHIDUSHEJI, SUIRANYAOQIUMINFADIANYUYIGUANZHAO, DANSHIBUKEBIMIANDIYAOYUMINSHIZHUTITONGCHOUSHEJIBINGZUOCHUSHIDANGJIANRANG, YIWEIHUMINFADIANDELUOJIXINGYUSHANGSHIZHUTIDETESHUXING。

                    《民法总则》中商事主体规制的优缺点

                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZONGHEGEXIANGKAOLIANG, 《MINFAZONGZE》ZAISHANGSHIZHUTIZHIDUSHEJISHANGCAIYONGLEYIBANGUIZETONGXIAXIADETEBIEFAFANSHI, JIMINFADIANDUISHEJIMINSHIZHUTIYUSHANGSHIZHUTIGONGTONGDEZIRANREN、FAREN、FEIFARENZUZHIDEFALVXINGZHI、FALVDIWEI、BIAOXIANXINGTAI、QUANLIYIWU、ZERENFENPEIZUOWEIYIBANXINGYUANZE、TONGYONGXINGGUIDING, ERZAISHEJISHANGSHIZHUTIDEJUTIXINGSHIHETESHUNEIRONGSHI, ZETONGGUOSHOUQUANXING、 YUANYINXINGGUIFAN, YOUSHANGSHITEBIEFAYUYIJUTIHUA、JINGXIHUA[1]。LIRU, DI58TIAODI2KUANGUIDING:FARENCHENGLIDEJUTITIAOJIANHECHENGXU, YIZHAOFALV、XINGZHENGFAGUIDEGUIDING。DI71TIAOGUIDING:FARENDEQINGSUANCHENGXUHEQINGSUANZUZHIQUAN, YIZHAOYOUGUANFALVDEGUIDING;MEIYOUGUIDINGDE, CANZHAOSHIYONGGONGSIFADEYOUGUANGUIDING。DI99TIAOGUIDING:NONGCUNJITIJINGJIZUZHIYIFAQUDEFARENZIGE。FALV、XINGZHENGFAGUIDUINONGCUNJITIJINGJIZUZHIYOUGUIDINGDE, YIZHAOQIGUIDINGDENGDENG。RUCIZHEIYANG, ZAIMINFADIANZHONGXINGCHENGMINSHANGSHIZHUTIZHIDUDEGONGTONGXINGGUIDING, GOUZAOMINSHANGSHIZHUTIDEJIBENJIAGOUHELEIXING, LIQINGDANGQIANSHEHUIJINGJIJIAOWANGDEZHUTI, WEIHULEMINFADIANDEWANZHENGXINGYULUOJIXING, TONGSHINENGGOUJIANGUSHANGSHIZHUTIDETESHUXING, TONGGUOSHANGSHITEBIEFADEZHIYINWEILINGHUODUOCENGCIDESHANGSHIZHUTITIGONGLERUFADEQUDAO。

                      (二) 创新和扩大商事主体的类型

                      DIYI, QUELILETEBIEFARENLEIXING, CHENGRENLEJITIJINGJIZUZHIFARENDENGJUYOUYINGLIXINGDESHANGSHIZHUTI。《MINFAZONGZE》ZAIYINGLIFARENYUFEIYINGLIFARENZHIWAISHELITEBIEFAREN, CHUANGXINLEWOGUOFARENFENLEIDEMOSHI。TONGGUOTEBIEFARENDESHELIMIBUYINGLIFARENYUFEIYINGLIFARENERFENFADEQUEXIAN, JIYUTEBIEFARENCANYUMINSHANGSHIHUODONGDEZHENGDANGTUJING, YICIJIEDINGZIJIDEZUZHIJIEGOU、YUNXINGMOSHI。《MINFAZONGZE》YU96TIAO—101TIAOGUIDINGLETEBIEFARENDELEIXING, ZHUYAOBAOKUOJIGUANFAREN、NONGCUNJITIJINGJIZUZHIFAREN、CHENGZHENNONGCUNHEZUOJINGJIZUZHIFAREN、JICENGQUNZHONGXINGZIZHIZUZHIFAREN, GUANCHESHANGSHIZHUTIYINGLIXINGTEZHENGDEBIAOZHUN。QIZHONGDUIYUNONGCUNJITIJINGJIZUZHIFARENHECHENGZHENNONGCUNHEZUOJINGJIZUZHIFARENSHANGSHIZHUTIDIWEIDECHENGREN, JIYULECILEIYINJUYOUGONGFAZHINENGERBEIPAICHIDEZUZHIYICANYUSHANGSHIHUODONGDEHEFAHUALUJING。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   YINONGCUNJITIJINGJIZUZHIFARENWEILI, CIWEIJUYOUZHONGGUOTESEDEJINGJIZUZHIXINGSHI, WEILESHIYINGWOGUONONGCUNJITISUOYOUZHIERSHELI, JUYOUGUANLIHEYUNYINGJITIZICHANDEZUOYONG, 《MINFAZONGZE》ZAIZHIDINGGUOCHENGZHONGCHONGFENYISHIDAOQUELINONGCUNJITIJINGJIZUZHIFARENDIWEIDEXIANSHIXUQIU。SHOUXIAN, XIANFAHEWUQUANFADENGGUIDINGLENONGCUNJITIJINGJIZUZHIDUINONGCUNJITICAICHANDESUOYOUQUAN;CIWAI, ZAINONGCUN“SANQUANFENZHI”GAIGEZHIXIA, JITICHANQUANZHIDUBIANGEHUYUNONGCUNJITIJINGJIZUZHIZUOWEIJITICHANQUANDAIBIAOZHUTICUNZAI, QUELIJITIJINGJIZUZHIFARENDIWEI, WEITUDILIUZHUANHEJITICAICHANJINRUSHICHANGJIAOYIQUELIPINGTAIJIZUZHIZHE。ZAIGEXIANGWENJIANZHONGYEBIAOMINGJITIJINGJIZUZHIFARENDANGQIANZAIJITISUOYOUCAICHANLIUZHUANGUOCHENGZHONGDEZHONGYAODIWEI, ZHONGFA[2016]37 HAOMINGQUETICHUJITICHANQUANZHIDUGAIGEYINGZUOWEI“SANQUANFENZHI”ZHENGCESHISHIDEQIANTI。DUIJITIZICHANQINGCHANHEZIBINGXIANGQUANTIJITIJINGJIZUZHICHENGYUANGONGSHIBINGJINGCHENGYUANDAHUIQUEREN, CHONGFENZHANXIANNONGCUNJITIJINGJIZUZHIZAI“GUANLIJITIZICHAN、KAIFAJITIZIYUAN、FAZHANJITIJINGJI、FUWUJITICHENGYUANDENGFANGMIAN”DEGONGNENGZUOYONG (1) 。DANSHILINGYIFANGMIAN, SUIRANXIANFADENGYOUGUANFALVMINGQUELENONGCUNJITIJINGJIZUZHIDEFALVDIWEI, DANWOGUOGUIFANJITIJINGJIFAZHANDEFALVSHAOZHIYOUSHAO, DAOZHIJITIJINGJIFAZHANDEDINGCENGFALVZHIDUJIAOWEIQUESHI[2], JITIJINGJIZUZHISHENFENMOHU。BINGQIEZAISHIJIANZHONGYOUYUNONGCUNJITIJINGJIZUZHIQUEFAJUTIXINGSHIHEFARENDIWEI, FALVGUIDINGLECUNWEIHUIKEDAIXINGJITIJINGJIZUZHIZHINENG, ZHEIYIZUOFAHUNXIAOLEJITIJINGJIZUZHIHECUNMINZIZHIZUZHI, KEGUANSHANGZAOCHENGLENONGCUNZHENGJINGBUFEN, YINGXIANGLEJITIJINGJIZUZHIKAIZHANZHENGCHANGDEJINGJIHUODONG。GUZAINONGCUNTUDIHEGEXIANGCAIFUDEJILEIYIJINONGCUNGEXIANGZHIDUSHENRUGAIGEDEBEIJINGXIA, 《MINFAZONGZE》QUELIDEJITIJINGJIZUZHIFARENZHIDUWEINONGCUNSHANGYEFAZHANDIANDINGLEJIANSHIDEJICHU。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   CHENGRAN, ZAIDUIJITIJINGJIZUZHIFARENSHANGSHIZHUTIDIWEIDERENDINGSHANGCUNZAIYIXIESHENGYIN。YOUXUEZHEZHICHU, YINGLIXINGZAICHUANTONGLILUNZHONGBEIRENWEISHISHANGSHIZHUTIDETEZHENG, NONGCUNJITIJINGJIZUZHIZUOWEI“TEBIEFAREN”LEIXINGZAIHUAFENBIAOZHUNSHANGBINGBUYIYINGLIYUFOUJINXINGQUFEN, QUBIEYUYINGLIXINGFARENCIZHONGDIANXINGSHANGSHIZHUTI;LINGWAIJITIJINGJIZUZHIZAIYUNXINGDEGUOCHENGZHONGCHENGDANLEYIBUFENGONGFAZHINENG, YINQIZUOWEIJITIJINGJIZHUTI, QIFARENHUASUZAOBIXUZHONGSHIJITIJINGJIZHIZHIDUJIAZHIDESHIXIAN, JITITUDIJIQIGOUZAOWUZUOWEIDABUFENCUNZHUANGNONGCUNJITIJINGJIZUZHIYUNYINGGUANLIDEZHUYAOZICHAN, YOUYUJITITUDICHENGZAIBAOZHANGGONGNENG, JITITUDIBIXUBOLIJUEDABUFEN“ZIBEN”SHUXING, QISHANGJIANLIDECHENGYUANQUANZHIDUSHEZHIJIANGJUYOUQUBIEYUYIBANJITIZICHANCHENGYUANQUANDETESHUXING[3]。QUBIEYUSHANGSHIZHUTIZHUIQIUSHICHANGZIYOUJINGZHENGDELUOJI, ZAIJITIJINGJIZUZHIJINXINGSHICHANGJINGJIJIAOWANGSHI, QUESHIXUYAOWOMENJIYUGENGDUODEJIANGUANHEFUCHI, YIBAOZHANGNONGCUNJITICAICHANZIYOULIUZHUANDETONGSHIQUEBAONONGCUNJITICAICHANBAOZHANGGONGNENGFAHUI。DANSHIYICILIYOUZUOWEIFOURENJITIJINGJIZUZHIFARENXIANGSHANGSHIZHUTIDEZHUANHUA, BIZHERENWEIBUTUO, MINSHANGHEYITILIXIA, SHANGSHIZHUTICUNZAIMINSHIZHUTIJIAZHUANHUANBIAOZHUNDENGYUSHANGSHIZHUTIDEGONGSHI, CHENGRENZHUTIZIGEHEJINGYINGZIGEFENLIYESHIDANGQIANSHANGSHIZHIDUGAIGEDEFANGXIANG, JITIJINGJIZUZHIZUOWEIMINSHIZHUTIZAICANYUSHANGSHIHUODONGSHIYIJINGJUYOUYINGYEXINGWEI, YINGDANGRENWEIQIJUYOUJINGYINGZIGE (2) 。GUANYUJITIJINGJIZUZHIFARENCHENGDANDEGONGFAZHINENG, BIZHERENWEIZHEILEITONGYUCHUNCUIYINGLIFARENSUOCHENGDANDESHEHUIZEREN, BUYINGXIANGQIZAICANYUSHANGSHIJINGYINGHUODONGSHISHANGSHIZHUTIDIWEIDERENDING。

                      DIER, FEIFARENZUZHISHANGSHIZHUTIDIWEIDEQUEDING。《MINFAZONGZE》ZAIDI102TIAOQUEDINGLEFEIFARENZUZHIDESHANGSHIZHUTIDIWEI, CHENGRENLEDUZIQIYE、HEHUOQIYE、BUJUYOUFARENZIGEDEZHUANYEFUWUJIGOUDENG。ZAI《MINFAZONGZE》ZHONGWEICHUANTONGDESHANGGEREN、SHANGFAREN、SHANGHEHUODESHANGSHIZHUTILEIBIEGOUJIANLEJIBENKUANGJIA。FEIFARENZUZHIBUFENDEKAIFANGXINGGUIDING, WEIYIHOUSUIZHEJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANCHUXIANDEZUZHILEIXINGLIUYOUYUDI, TIXIANLE《MINFAZONGZE》DEQIANZHANXINGHEBAORONGXING。

                      (三) 以营利与非营利的商事视角建立法人类型

                      ZUZHITIZUOWEISHANGSHIZHUTIDEZHONGYAOTIXIAN, ZAI《MINFAZONGZE》DEGOUJIANZHONGXIANDEZHIGUANZHONGYAO。《MINFAZONGZE》FARENBUFENZAIZONGJIEWOGUOZHANGQISHEHUIZHILIJINGYANDEJICHUSHANG, JIANGFARENZHUYAOFENWEIYINGLIFARENYUFEIYINGLIFAREN。YIFANGMIAN, ZHEIYIDIANFEICHANGQIHEWOGUODEZHENGTIGAIGEMUBIAO, JIGUOJIAGONGQUANLIDEXINGSHI、SHICHANGDEYUNXINGYIJISHEHUIZUZHIDEHUODONGJINXINGSHIDANGFENLI, BUTONGFARENLEIXINGJINXINGFENLEIGUANLI。JIANCHIYINGLIFARENYUFEIYINGLIFARENDEFENLEIGUANLI, SHUNYINGLEZHONGYANGYAOQIUSHEHUIZHUTIDESHENFENJIAOSEDINGWEIMINGXI, BUNENGYUNXUMOUXIEZUZHIJIYINGLIYOUBUNASHUI, TONGSHIXIANGSHOUGONGGONGFULIDAIYUDEGAIGEFANGXIANG[4]。LINGYIFANGMIAN, YISHANGSHIZHUTITEXINGDE“YINGLI”ZUOWEIHUAFENFARENFENLEIDEBIAOZHUN, QUELILESHANGSHI/SHANGFADEHEXINFANCHOU——“YINGLI”DEJIBENGAINIANHENEIHAN。ZHEISHIWOGUODIYICIYI“JIBENFALV”FANGSHIDUI“YINGLI”JINXINGJIEDING, GAIFANCHOUYOUSHISHANGFADEJISHIGAINIAN。SHANGFADEXUDUONEIRONG, SHIZAI“YINGLI”JICHUSHANGYANSHENGERCHU。YINCI, CIZHONGFARENLEIXINGQUFENBIAOZHUNCHONGFENTUXIANLE“SHANGFASIWEI”, KEWEI《MINFAZONGZE》DUISHANGFADE“ZUIDAGONGXIAN”[5]。

                      CIWAI, YINGLIYUFEIYINGLISHIJIAODEZHUTIHUAFENBIAOZHUNYIJI《MINFAZONGZE》DUIERZHEDEDINGYI, QUFENLEFEIYINGLIXINGYUGONGYIXING, CHENGRENLEDANGQIANGONGYIXINGZHIDEDANWEICONGSHIYINGLIHUODONGDEKENENGXING, DUIYUQIANZHAOSHANGSHIZHUTIDEYUNXINGGUIZEJINXINGHUODONGHEZHENGFUANZHAOSHANGSHIZHUTIDUIQIJINXINGJIANGUANDOUJUYOUYINDAOZUOYONG。GUANYUFEIYINGLIXINGYUGONGYIXINGDELUNZHENG, ERZHEBINGFEIDENGTONGGUANXI, ZAIGAINIANJIEDINGSHANG, GONGYIXINGDENEIHANZAIYUQISUOCHENGDANDESHEHUIGONGNENGHESHIYEMUDE, FEIYINGLIXINGDENEIHANZAIYUBUXIANGTUANTICHENGYUANFENPEILIRUN;ZAIFANCHOUGUISHUSHANG, GONGYIXINGSHIXIANGGUANYUNYINGHUODONGCHANSHENGDESHEHUIYINGXIANG, SHUYUXIANGGUANYUNYINGHUODONGBENSHENDEFANCHOU, YINGLIXINGYUFEIYINGLIXINGSHIDUILIRUNFENPEICHULIDEYIZHONGZHIDUANPAI, SHUYUSHICHANGXINGWEIDEFANCHOU[6]。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   LIRU, DANGQIANYIXIEFENPEILIRUNDEMINBANXUEXIAO、MINBANYIYUAN、MINBANCHUBAN、KEYANJIGOU、MINBANWENHUA、TIYUTUANTIDENG, YINGQIZHIXIANMINGDICHENGRENQISHANGSHIZHUTISHENFENHEDIWEI, YUNXUTOUZIZHEZAIJIANGUSHEHUIXIAOYIDETONGSHI, ZHUIQIUHEFAYINGLI。GENJUXIANSHIQINGKUANGLAIKAN, WOGUODANGQIANDEMINBANXUEXIAODADUOSHIYIKAOCHUANGBANZHELIYONGGERENZIJINQUTOUZI, HUOZHEYIKAOBANXUEJILEIGUNDONGFAZHANJIANCHENG。ZAIZHEIZHONGYIKAOSHEHUILILIANGQUCONGSHIGONGGONGSHIYEDEQINGKUANGXIA, TOUZIZHENENGLIYOUXIAN, XIJINENGGOUCONGJIAOYUSHIYEZHONGDEYI, QUDEYIDINGHUIBAO, DADAOYIGEZHANGJIUDEHULIGONGYINGDEZHUANGTAI。《MINBANJIAOYUCUJINFA》XIUGAISHIKAOLVDAOZHEIZHONGXIANSHIDEXUYAO, WEILEGULIMINJIANTOUZIBANXUEZHEDEREQING, MANZUSHEHUIDUIYUXUEXIAOJIAOYUFAZHANDEXUQIUHEGUOJIAFENLEIGUANLIDEGAIGEYAOQIU, GUIDINGLEMINBANXUEXIAODEJUBANZHEKEYIZIZHUXUANZESHELIFEIYINGLIXINGHUOZHEYINGLIXINGMINBANXUEXIAO。CICI《MINBANJIAOYUCUJINFA》CHUANGLILEMINBANXUEXIAOFARENDEFENLEIGUANLIZHIDU, QINGCHURENSHILEMINBANJIAOYUDEGONGYIXINGYUFEIYINGLIXINGDEQUBIE, CHENGRENLEMINBANXUEXIAOSUISHUGONGYISHIYEDEZUCHENGBUFEN, DANSHIKEYOUJUBANZHEZIZHUXUANZESHELIYINGLIXINGHUOZHEFEIYINGLIXINGMINBANXUEXIAO, JIANGBANXUEZIZHUQUANKUOZHANGZHIFARENSHUXINGDEXUANZE。《MINFAZONGZE》YICIHUAFENFARENLEIXINGDUIYUGONGYIXINGZHIDEZUZHITIZIYOUCONGSHISHANGSHIHUODONGBINGJIANGLIRUNFENPEIJICHUZIRENZHIMINGLEZHENGDANGHUADELUJING。

                      二、《民法总则》中商事主体制度的不足之处

                      ZHANGJIUYILAI, ZAIMINSHANGHEYITILIXIA, SHANGSHIZHUTIZHIDUDELIFAGOUJIANYIZHICHUYUMOHUHUACHULIDEZHUANGTAI, XIANGYINGDESHANGFAGAINIANBINGMEIYOUXINGCHENGTIXI, DANCHUNPINGJIESHANGSHITEBIEFAYIJIXUELIJIESHIYIZHICHENGSHANGSHIZHUTIZHIDUDEXIANGGUANLILUN, GUCICI《MINFAZONGZE》ZUOWEIMINSHANGHEYIXIASHANGSHILILUNDEZHONGSUJIEDUAN, JIANFULEGOUJIANSHANGSHIZHUTIDEZHIDUTIXIDEGONGNENG。DANSHIFANGUAN《MINFAZONGZE》DEZHIDUGUIDING, CUNZAIWEIMINGQUESHANGSHIZHUTIDEJIEDINGBIAOZHUN, DUISHANGSHIZHIDUGAIGEHESHANGSHIZHUTIFAZHANGUANZHAOBUZUHEGONGSIFASHERUGUODUDEWENTI。

                      (一) 未明确商事主体的界定标准, 对于新型商事主体的承认缺乏依据

                      《MINFAZONGZE》ZAIMINSHANGHEYITILIXIA, ZUNXUN“JIANGUSHANGSHIZHUTIDETEDINGHUAYUMINSHIZHUTIDEYIBANHUAYAOQIU, SHANGSHIZHUTIZHINENGYIFUYUMINSHIZHUTIDELIFASILU”[7]GOUJIANTONGYIDEZHUTIZHIDU, GUANYUSHANGSHIZHUTIDEJIEDINGZAIBIAOSHUSHANGZHINENGZAIMINSHIZHUTIZHIXIAYUYIKAOLV, GU《MINFAZONGZE》BINGMEIYOUCAIQUDADUOSHULIFALISUOQUEDINGDESHANGSHIZHUTIDEZHUGUANBIAOZHUNHUOKEGUANBIAOZHUN, ERSHICAIYONG“DIANXINGGUIDING+JUTILIEJU”DEGUIFANMOSHIYISHIDESHANGSHIZHUTIQIERUMINFADIANZHONG, YIQISHIXIANMINSHIZHUTIYUSHANGSHIZHUTIDEGONGRONG。DANSHIYIFANGMIAN, 《MINFAZONGZE》FENLEIDESHIWUDAOZHIZAISHANGSHIZHUTIJIEDINGBIAOZHUNCENGMIANDEXIACI, GETIGONGSHANGHUHENONGCUNCHENGBAOJINGYINGHUGUIWEIZIRANREN, DANGERENDUZIQIYEBEISHIWEIFEIFARENZUZHI, BUGUIYUSHANGGEREN, YOUCIDAOZHIGERENDUZIQIYEDEZIRANRENYIYUANTOUZISHUXINGBEIHUSHI, QILUNWEIFARENZERENHUAFENXIADEFUSHUPIN, SHANGGERENDENEIZAITIXIBEIRENWEIGELIE[8]。LINGYIFANGMIAN, YIMINSUSHANG, BUKEBIMIANSHISHANGSHIZHUTIZUOWEIMINSHIZHUTIDETESHUZUCHENG, SHANGGEREN、SHANGHEHUOJISHANGFARENYICONGSHUXINGDIWEIBEIZIRANREN、FARENJIFEIFARENZUZHIDEMINFAFENLEISUOFUGAI, GUZAIZHIDUSHEJISHANGMEIYOUMINGQUEMINSHIZHUTIXIANGSHANGSHIZHUTIZHUANHUADEXIANJIEDIAN。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZAISHANGGERENDEJIAODUSHANG, QUEFAZIRANRENXIANGSHANGGERENZHUANHUADECHOUXIANGBIAOZHUN。DI54TIAOGUIDINGZIRANRENXIANGGETIGONGSHANGHUDEXIANJIEDIANWEI“CONGSHIGONGSHANGYEJINGYING”, DI55TIAOGUIDINGNONGCUNCHENGBAOJINGYINGHUDEPANDUANBIAOZHUNZAIYU“CONGSHIJIATINGCHENGBAOJINGYING”。CONGZIRANRENXIANGSHANGGERENXIANJIEDEJIAODU, CILIANGTIAOKEQIANQIANGCHOUXIANGCHUQIERUDIANWEI“JINGYING”, CONGSHIBUTONGDEJINGYINGHUODONGERHUAFENWEIBUTONGDESHANGGERENLEIXING, DANSHI《MINFAZONGZE》ZHEIYANGDEJUTILIEJUZHISHIWEIGETIGONGSHANGHUHENONGCUNCHENGBAOJINGYINGHUQUEDINGLESHANGSHIJIAOSEYUBIAOZHUN, BINGMEIYOUWEIZIRANRENZHUANHUAQITALEIXINGDESHANGZHUTILIUYOUYUDI, YINDAOJIAOYISHUANGFANGCONGSHANGSHIGUANNIANCHUFASHIYONGSHANGSHIXINGWEIGUIZE。ZAIXIANJINMINSHIZHUTIFANSHANGHUADEZHUANGKUANGXIA, RENHEZIRANRENDOUYOUKENENGCANYUSHANGSHIGUANXIDANGZHONGCONGSHISHANGSHIJINGYINGHUODONG, ZHIYOUZAIFALVZHONGQUEDINGQIDIWEI, CAINENGSHIQIJIAOYIGUOCHENGZHENGDANGHUA。CHENGRAN, DUIYUSHANGZHUTIDEQUEDINGBIAOZHUNDANGQIANMEIYOUTONGYIDELIFALI, DADUOSHUGUOJIAYOUZOUYUSHANGXINGWEIHESHANGZHUTIXUNHUANDINGYIDEGUOCHENG, DANYINGYEZUOWEICANZHAOGAINIAN, ZAISHANGSHIZHUTIQUEDINGZHONGXIANXIANCHUQIZHONGYAODEJIAZHI。YICIWEICHUFADIAN, WOMENBUNENGHUSHIXIANJINZIRANRENZHUANHUAWEISHANGZHUTIDEJUDAKENENGXINGHEBIANYIXING, DANGQIANCHULEGETIGONGSHANGHUYIWAIHENONGCUNCHENGBAOJINGYINGHUZHIWAI, ZIRANRENZHUANHUAWEISHANGSHIZHUTIDELEIXINGHAIYOU“SANQUANFENZHI”GAIGEXIAZHONGDIANPEIYUDEJIATINGNONGCHANG、XIAOSHANGFAN、DIANSHANG、YIJIXIANJINZAIWANGLUOSHANGZHIBOBINGWEICISHOUQULIWUHEFEIYONGZHE。

                      ZAISHANGFARENDUIYINGSHANG, 《MINFAZONGZE》YIYINGLIYUFEIYINGLIWEIHUAFENFARENFENLEIDEBIAOZHUN, SIHUZAIFARENBUFENJIANGYINGLIXINGQUEDINGWEISHANGSHIZHUTIDEPANDUANBIAOZHUN。SHOUXIAN, ZHEIYUZIRANRENXIANGSHANGGERENZHUANHUANDEXIANJIEDIANGUIDINGBUTONG, ZIRANRENBUFENGUIDINGLE“YINGYE”, ERFARENBUFENQUEDINGWEI“YINGLIMUDE”;QICI, FARENDEJIEDINGCAIYONGLEMUDEBIAOZHUN, ERFEISHANGGERENBUFEN“YINGYE”DEXINGWEIBIAOZHUN, MUDEBIAOZHUNSHIFOUNENGGOUWEISHANGSHIZHUTIFANWEIDEJIEDINGTIGONGCHONGZUBAOZHANGZHIDESHANGQUE。SHANGSHIZHUTIJUYOUZHUGUANSHANGDEYINGLIXINGSHIWUYONGZHIYIDE, YINGLIXINGMUDEJIANJIEMINGLEDIGUIDINGLESHANGSHIZHUTIDEZHULITEXING, DANSHIZHUGUANBIAOZHUNSHIJISHANGHAIXUYAOXINGWEINEIRONGBIAOZHUNJINXINGPANDUAN, BINGQIEZAIJIEDINGSHISHIJIHUIZHUANHUAWEIQITAXINGWEIBIAOZHUNHEZUZHIXINGSHIBIAOZHUN, QIBUNENGZUOWEIPANDINGSHIFOUWEISHANGSHIZHUTIDEZHIJIEBIAOZHUN[9]。“MUDEBIAOZHUN”GAIGELEWOGUO《MINFATONGZE》YILAIDEZUZHITIHUAFENBIAOZHUN, TUXIANLESHANGSHISIWEI, DANSHIYILAIMUDEBIAOZHUNQUEDINGSHANGFARENGUOYUBORUO, ZUIZHONGRENGJIUHUIHUIGUIXINGWEIBIAOZHUN。

                      CANKAOGUOWAISHANGSHIZHUTILIFA, LIRU, 《FAGUOSHANGFADIAN》GUIDING:“YISHISHISHANGXINGWEIZUOWEIQIJINGCHANGZHIYEDERENJIUSHISHANGREN。”《DEGUOSHANGFADIAN》GUIDING:“BENFASUOCHENGSHANGRENSHIZHIJINGYINGYINGYEDEREN。YINGYESHIZHIRENHEYINGLISHIYE, CHUFEIGAIQIYEZAIZHONGLEIHEGUIMOSHANG, BUXUYAOYISHANGRENFANGSHIWEIYEWUJINGYING。”《HANGUOSHANGFADIAN》GUIDING:“SHANGRENSHIYIZIJIMINGYICONGSHISHANGXINGWEIDEREN。”ZONGGUANGEGUOSHANGSHIZHUTILIFA, KEYIDAZHIGUINACHUSIZHONGPANDINGYAOJIAN:XINGWEIYAOJIAN, JISHANGSHIZHUTIZIGEDEHUODEYICONGSHISHANGXINGWEIWEIYAOJIAN;ZHIYEYAOJIAN, SHANGSHIZHUTIZIGEDEHUODEYAOQIUYISUOCONGSHISHANGXINGWEIWEIYE, YOUDELIFABIAOSHUWEIJINGCHANGXINGCONGSHISHANGXINGWEI;MINGYIYAOJIAN, JISHANGSHIZHUTIZIGEDEHUODEYAOQIUYIZIJIDEMINGYICONGSHISHANGXINGWEI;NENGLIYAOJIAN, JISHANGSHIZHUTIZIGEDEHUODEYAOQIUQIJUYOUYUSUOCONGSHIXINGWEIXIANGSHIYINGDESHANGSHINENGLI。ZAIZHEISIGEYAOJIANZHONG, XINGWEIYAOJIANYIBANSHIGEGUOLIFAPUBIANYUYIMINGQUEGUIDINGDEYIGEBIBEIYAOJIAN, QITASANGEYAOJIANZAIGEGUOLIFATIAOWENZHONGSHIFOUYOUMINGQUETIXIANZEYOUSUOBUTONG[10]。KEJIANYINGYEDEXINGWEIBIAOZHUNZAIJIEDINGSHANGSHIZHUTIZHONGDEHEXINZUOYONG, GUZAISHANGSHIZHUTIQUEDINGBIAOZHUNSHANGBENRENRENWEITONGYIDEYINGYEBIAOZHUNGENGJIAWENDINGHEBIANYI, NENGGOUGENGHAODIWEISHANGSHIZHIDUJIANGOUTIXI。

                      (二) 以企业形式为核心建立营利法人制度, 导致非企业形态的主体无法纳入商事主体范畴

                    星云棋牌官网下载   GENJU《MINFAZONGZE》DI76TIAOGUIDING, YINGLIFARENBAOKUOYOUXIANZERENGONGSI、GUFENYOUXIANGONGSIHEQITAQIYEFARENDENG。TONGGUOLIEJUDEFANGSHIJIANGYINGLIFARENDELEIXINGXIANDINGZAIQIYEFARENZHONG, ERYIXIECAIYONGFEIQIYEZUZHIXINGSHIDANTONGYANGYIYINGLIWEIMUDEZHIFARENQUEBEIPAICHUZAIYINGLIFARENFANCHOUZHIWAI, SHICIBUFENFARENZAIMINFASHANGWUSUOSHICONG。QIYEFARENZUOWEIYINGLIFARENDEXIANDINGLEIXINGCUNZAIYIXIALIANGGEFANGMIANDEWENTI:YIFANGMIAN, QIYEFARENNEIHANMOHUBUYIPANDUAN, QIYEFARENFENLEILAIYUANYU《MINFATONGZE》, DANSHIBINGMEIYOUZAIXIANGGUANFALVFAGUIZHONGMINGQUEGUIDINGQIYEFARENDENEIHAN, ERSHIZUOWEIYIGEFUHEGAINIAN, ZAIQIYEFARENYIZHANGZHONGLIEJULEJITISUOYOUZHIQIYE、GERENDUZIQIYE、ZHONGWAIHEZIQIYEDENGDENG。YOUXUEZHERENWEIQIYEFARENGAINIANSHIZHONGGUOMINFAXUEZHEDEXINCHUANG, TASHIZHIYIYINGLIWEIMUDE, DULICONGSHISHANGPINSHENGCHANHEJINGYINGHUODONGDEFAREN[11], BEIZUOWEIYINGLIFARENDEBIECHENG。“QIYE”ZAIXIFANGFALVZHONGBEISHIWEIFALVKETI, ZAIWOGUOYIZHUTISHIYONGGOUJIANSHANGFAYONGYU, DANSHIZAIGOUZAOZHONGBINGWEIMINGQUEQIYEDENEIHAN[12]。TONGSHIZAIZUZHIJIEGOUSHANG, QIYEFARENLIFAJUNZHENDUIDANDULEIXINGDEFAREN, LIRU, GONGSI、HEHUOQIYE、ZHONGWAIHEZIJINGYINGQIYEDENGDENG, DANSHIGELEIXINGZHIJIANCUNZAIJIAODACHAYI, NANYICHOUXIANGCHUQIYEFARENDEBIAOZHUNHETEZHI。DANGQIANQIYEFARENLILUNCHUYUJIAOWEIHUNLUANDEZHUANGKUANG (3) , JIANGQIZUOWEIJIEDINGYINGLIXINGFARENDELEIXING, MOHUHUACHULILEWEILAIQUEDINGYINGLIXINGFARENDEFANGXIANG。LINGYIFANGMIAN, QIYEFARENDEXINGSHIBINGFEIWEIYIDESHANGSHIZHUTILEIBIE, ZAISHANGSHIGAIGEFANGKUANSHICHANGZHUNRUTIAOJIANDEBEIJINGXIA, DUOZHONGXINGSHIDESHANGSHIZHUTIJUNYINGCHONGFENDEDAOFALVSHANGDECHENGREN, FAHUIQICANYUHETUIDONGJINGJIDEZUOYONG。

                      (三) 对《公司法》摄入过度, 忽视了现今商事制度改革的方向

                      《MINFAZONGZE》ZAIFARENBUFENDEZHIDUSHEZHISHANG, CANZHAOLE《GONGSIFA》DEXIANGGUANTIAOWEN, CHOUQULEBUFENTIAOKUANJIANGOUFARENZHIDUDEYIBANGUIDING。CONGLIFAJISHUJIAODUKAN, SUIRANKAOLVLESHANGSHITEBIEFADEGUIDING, DANSHIQUEZAI《MINFAZONGZE》ZHONGXINGCHENGLE“SUOBANGONGSIFA”DEFARENZHANGJIE。ZAIDANGQIANSHANGSHIZHIDUGAIGEDEBEIJINGXIA, LAIKAOLIANG《MINFAZONGZE》DEGUIDING, FAXIANTAYOUZHIHOUXINGDEQUEXIAN。

                      DIYI, YU“ZHENGZHAOFENLI”GAIGEXIANGBEI。《MINFAZONGZE》DI78TIAOGUIDINGYIFASHELIDEYINGLIFAREN, YOUDENGJIJIGUANFAJIYINGLIFARENYINGYEZHIZHAO。YINGYEZHIZHAOQIANFARIQIWEIYINGLIFARENDECHENGLIRIQI, YU《GONGSIFA》DI7TIAOGUIDINGDEGONGSICHENGLIYAOJIANXIANGFU, DANSHIYINGYEZHIZHAOSUOCHENGDANDEZHENGMINGZHUTIZIGEHEJINGYINGZIGEGONGNENGWENTIZAIDANGQIANYIJINGZAODAOLUOJIYUSHIJIANDESHUANGZHONGFOUDING。YIFANGMIAN, FALVLUOJIDEBEILUN。GONGSHANGGUANLIBUMENZAIWEISHANGSHIZHUTIJINXINGSHELIDENGJIQIAN, WANGWANGHUIYAOQIUQIBIXUXIANJUBEIZHEIXIEJINGYINGZIGE, BINGQUDEXIANGGUANDEYEWUXUKEZHENG, XINGCHENGLEZHUTIZIGEHEJINGYINGZIGEHUWEIQIANTIDESIJIE, HUNXIAOLEZHUTIZIGEYUYINGYEZIGEZAIFALVSHANGDEBUTONGNEIHAN。LINGYIFANGMIAN, ZHUTIZIGEDEKUNHUO。SHANGSHIZHUTIZAIDIAOXIAOYINGYEZHIZHAOHOURENGJUYOUMINSHIZHUTIDENENGLI, JINXINGQINGSUANHUODONG[13]。GUDANGQIANJINXINGDE“ZHENGZHAOFENLI”GAIGE, MUDEZAIYULIQINGSHANGSHIZHUTIDEZHUTIZIGEYUJINGYINGZIGE[14], SHIDEYINGYEZHIZHAOCHENGWEIQUDEJINGYINGZIGEDEXINGSHIYAOJIAN, ERDENGJIZHUCECHENGWEIQUDEZHUTIZIGEDEXINGSHIYAOJIAN, SHIZHIFUHEYUYILIJIEXIADEYINGYEZHIZHAOYUYINGYEZIGEZHIJIANDEGUANXI。《MINFAZONGZE》JIANGYINGYEZHIZHAOQIANFADENGTONGYINGLIFARENZHUTIDIWEIQUDEDEGUIDINGYUDANGQIANSHANGSHIZHIDUGAIGEFANGXIANGCUNZAIPIANCHA。

                      DIER, ZAIFARENYIBANXINGTIAOKUANDESHEZHISHANGCUNZAIDUI《GONGSIFA》CHOUXIANGGUODUDEWENTI, HULVELESHANGSHIZHUTIDEDUOYANGXINGHELINGHUOXING。《MINFAZONGZE》FARENZHIDUBUFENDESHEJIDADUOZHAOBANLE《GONGSIFA》DEGUIDING, DANSHIJIANGBENFENSHUYUMOUYITEDINGLEIXINGDESHANGZHUTISHIYONGGUIZECHOUXIANGZHI《MINFAZONGZE》DETONGLINGXINGWEIZHI, DAOZHIQIZAISHIYONGSHIYUSHANGSHITEBIEFACUNZAICHONGTU, BULIYUGELEISHANGSHIZHUTIZIYOUXUANZEZUZHIXINGSHIHEGUIMO。LIRU, 《MINFAZONGZE》DI80TIAOGUIDING, DUIYUYINGLIFAREN“YINGDANG”SHEQUANLIJIGOU, DANSHIGAIGUIDINGBINGBUSHIYONGYUGUOYOUDUZIGONGSIHEYIRENYOUXIANZERENGONGSIDEZUZHIXINGSHI, 《MINFAZONGZE》YI“YINGDANG”ZHIJIEJINXINGBIAOSHUDUIYINGLIFARENSHEZHIQUANLIJIGOUZUOCHULEYIBANDEQIANGZHIXINGGUIDING, YUTEBIESHANGSHIZHUTILEIXINGDESHIYONGGUIZEBUXIANGFUHE。

                      三、结论与建议

                      ZAISHANGSHIZHIDUGAIGEDEBEIJINGXIA, 《MINFAZONGZE》DUISHANGSHIZHUTIZHIDUDEANPAIXIANGJIAOYU《MINFATONGZE》ERYANJUYOUHENQIANGDEJINBUYIYI, GOUJIANLESHANGSHIZHUTILEIXINGDEJIBENJIAGOU, TIXIANLEDUISHANGSHIZHUTIDEGUANZHAO, DANSHIZAIJUTINEIRONGDESHEZHISHANG, CUNZAISHERUGUODUDEWENTI, DAOZHIBEILILESHANGSHIZHUTIDETESHUXINGYIJISHANGSHIZHIDUGAIGEDEZONGZHI。DUIYUDANGQIAN《MINFAZONGZE》ZHONGSHANGSHIZHUTIZHIDUDEBUZUZHICHU, BIZHEYOUYIXIAJIGEFANGMIANDEJIANYI。

                      DIYI, DUISHANGSHIZHUTIBAORONGDUBUZUDEBUFEN, TONGGUOSHANGSHITEBIEFAYUYIJIEJUE。ZHEISHIDANGQIANSHANGSHIZHUTIFAHUIHUOLIHETESHUXINGDEHELILUJING, GENGSHISHANGSHIZHIDUGUIFANHUADEYOUXIAOFANGFA。MINSHANGHEYITILIXIAQITUTONGGUO《MINFAZONGZE》TIGONGTONGYIDIAOZHENGSUOYOUMINSHANGSHIGUANXIYIBANGUIFANDELIFAGOUZAOXUYAOGAODUDECHOUXIANGJISHU, ZAISHANGSHIZHUTIFAZHANHUOYUEDEXIANJINSHEHUI, QISUONENGJINXINGDECHOUXIANGYEYINGDANGSHIYOUXIANCHOUXIANG, LIUJISHANGSHIZHUTIGENGDUODEFAZHANKONGJIAN。《MINFAZONGZE》DUIYUMINSHANGSHIZHUTIZHIDUDECHOUXIANGHUACHENGDU, YINGGAIXIANYU“QUEDINGZHUTIDIWEI”, YIGOUJIANTONGYIMINSHANGSHIZHUTIZHIDUWEIYIZU, DUIYUSHANGSHIZHUTIDEGEXINGHUAGUIFAN, LIUDAIDANXINGSHANGSHIFAJUTIGUIDING[15]。ZHEIYANGYIFANGMIANWEIHU《MINFAZONGZE》DELUOJIXING, BIMIANLUNWEIZAROUSHILIFA;LINGYIFANGMIANSHANGSHITEBIEFAJUYOUBIANDONGGENGJIABIANYI、LIFAGOUZAOGENGJIAGUANZHUSHANGSHIYUNXINGYUANZEJIGUILV、ZHIDUGUIDINGGENGJIATIEHESHANGSHIZHUTIFAZHANDEXIANSHIXUQIUDENGYOUSHI, MIBU《MINFAZONGZE》GUIDINGDEBUZU, ZAISHIYONGSHANGFUHETEBIEFAYOUYUYIBANFADELUOJI。

                      DIER, GUANYUSHANGSHIZHUTIZHIDUDEQUELIBIAOZHUNDEJIANLI, ZAIDANGQIANDENGJIYAOJIANZHUYIXIA, KEYITONGGUOSHELITONGYIDESHANGSHIDENGJIFA, ZAIDENGJIFAZHONGMINGQUESHANGSHIZHUTIDENGJIDEYAOJIAN, YICICHOUXIANGSHANGSHIZHUTIDEJIEDINGBIAOZHUN, WEIXINXINGSHANGSHIZHUTIGOUJIANRUFADEQIAOLIANGHEXIANJIEDIAN。DANGDESHIBAJIESANZHONGQUANHUIMINGQUETICHUWANSHANXIANDAISHICHANGTIXI, JIANLIQUANGUOTONGYIDESHICHANGZHUNRUZHIDU;2014NIAN2YUEGUOWUYUANFABUDE《ZHUCEZIBENDENGJIZHIDUGAIGEFANGAN》ZHONGMINGQUETICHU“JIJITUIJINTONGYIDESHANGSHIDENGJILIFA” (4) , SHAMEN、GUANGZHOUDENGDIZAIGAIGEZHONGYECAIYONGLETONGYIDESHANGSHIDENGJILIFAMOSHI, XIANYOUDEZHENGCEZHICHIHEGAIGECHENGGUOWEISHANGSHIDENGJITONGYILIFADIANDINGLEXIANSHIJICHU。 SHANGSHIDENGJISHIZHONGSHIWEIXISHANGZHUTIFADINGYUANZEHEZHICHENGSHANGZHUTIZHIDUDEZHONGYAOTIAOJIAN[16], TONGGUOTONGYIDESHANGSHIDENGJIZHIDULUOSHISHANGSHIZHUTIDELEIXINGJIPANDINGBUSHIWEIGOUZAOSHANGSHIZHUTILILUNDEFANGFA。

                      DISAN, JIANCHIGAIGESHIDIANJITUIJIN, LUOSHISHANGSHIGAIGESHIJIAN。《MINFAZONGZE》YUSHANGSHIGAIGEJUCUOCUOWEIDEYUANYINZHIYIZAIYU, DANGQIAN“ZHUCEZIBENDENGJIGAIGE”“ZHENGZHAOFENLI”“XIANZHENGHOUZHAO, ZHAOHOUJIANZHENG”“ZHUSUODENGJIGAIGE”DENGSHANGSHIZHIDUGAIGEDADUOYIJUZHENGCEXINGWENJIANJIGAIGEFANGAN。LIRU, 《ZHUCEZIBENDENGJIZHIDUGAIGEFANGAN》《GUANYUCUJINSHICHANGGONGPINGJINGZHENGWEIHUSHICHANGZHENGCHANGZHIXUDERUOGANYIJIAN》《GUANYUQUXIAOHEDIAOZHENGYIPIXINGZHENGSHENPIXIANGMUDENGSHIXIANGDEJUEDING》DENG。CONGGAIGEFANYINGZHILIFAXUYAOJINGGUOYIDINGSHIJIANJIEDUAN, ZAI《MINFAZONGZE》ZHIDINGZHISHI, CHU《GONGSIFA》YU2013NIANDUIGONGSIZHUCEZIBENHEDENGJISHIXIANGDENGCENGMIANFANGKUANZHUNRUTIAOJIANWAI, QITACENGMIANXIANGGUANXIAWEIFABINGWEIZUOCHUHUIYING, ER《MINFAZONGZE》YEWEIGUJIYUSHANGSHIGAIGEZHIDUJIFANGXIANG。GU《MINFAZONGZE》YUSHANGSHIZHIDUGAIGECUNZAIXIANJIEBUDANGDEWENTI, RENGJIUZHINENGLUOSHIDAOSHANGSHIGAIGESHIJIANZHONGJINXINGJIEJUE, DAIDAOSHANGSHISHIJIANFAZHANCHENGSHUSHI, SHANGSHITEBIEFAYINGXIANXINGHUIYING。

                      参考文献

                      [1] 肖海军.民法典编撰中商事主体立法体例的比较与选择[J].中国商法年刊, 2015 (00) :343-349.
                      [2] 韩俊.在民法总则中明确集体经济组织的特殊法人地位[J].中国人大, 2016 (21) :38-39.
                      [3] 许中缘, 崔雪炜.“三权分置”视域下的农村集体经济组织法人[J].当代法学, 2018 (1) :83-92.
                      [4] 环建芬.民法总则法人分类的创新与不足:以民办学校法人归类为例[J].江汉大学学报 (社会科学版) , 2018 (1) :40-46.
                      [5] 蒋大兴.《民法总则》的商法意义:以法人类型区分及规范构造为中心[J].民商法学.2017 (11) :5-24.
                      [6] 张利国.营利性与非营利法人:民办高校法人分类的模式选择[J].西部法学评论, 2011 (2) :19-24.
                      [7] 许中缘, 颜克云.商法的独特性与民法典总则编纂[J].中国社会科学, 2016 (12) :127-145.
                      [8] 张阳.走向勃兴的商个人:主体转向及制度因应[J].西北政法大学学报, 2019 (1) :15-25.
                      [9] 吕来明.论我国商事主体范围的界定[J].北方法学, 2008 (10) :5-15.
                      [10] 汪青松.论商事主体判定标准的立法选择[J].河北法学, 2010 (11) :23-28.
                      [11] 王利民.民法总则研究[M].北京:中国人民大学出版社, 2003:389.
                      [12] 叶林.企业的商法意义及“企业进入商法”的新趋势[J].中国法学, 2012 (4) :88-98.
                      [13] 王丽.论“先照后证”商事登记模式下核准登记与营业执照各自功能的回归[J].工商登记制度改革, 2013 (9) :13-15.
                      [14] 顾功耘.证照分离改革相关法律问题研究[J].政府法制研究 (2017年合订本) , 2017:208-247.
                      [15] 李建伟.民法总则设置商法规范的限度及其理论解释[J].中国法学, 2016 (4) :73-91.
                    星云棋牌官网下载   [16] 刘训智.民法典编纂过程中的商事登记统一立法研究[J].中国商法年刊, 2015 (00) :123-129.

                      注释

                      1 民法典编纂过程中商事制度构建问题得到广泛的讨论, 对于采取何种立法模式, 学界主要有三种思路, 具体参见2015年商法学年刊, 商法学者对于民法典编纂背景下商事制度构建问题进行了广泛讨论。例如, 李建伟教授在《民法总则的商事主体制度设计:承继、改革与重构》一文中对此进行厘清。
                      2 对于改革中集体经济组织应发挥的功能作用之详细内容可参见中共中央、国务院《关于稳步推进农村集体产权制度改革的意见》。
                      3 顾功耘在证照分离改革相关法律问题研究课题中对此阐释:商事主体如以营业视角来考察, 实质就是民事主体取得营业资格, 进入营业领域后的角色转换, 在取得该营业资格之前, 公司等法人已经具有了独立的民事主体资格。
                      4 在创新《民法总则》法人分类的考虑下, 很多学者对企业法人与非企业法人的分类标准进行了研究, 基本否定了这一分类, 原因在于“企业”内涵和外延混乱。罗昆、谭启平等人均对企业法人的内涵进行了质疑, 认为其不应当作为法人分类的参照对象, 而应当将现存的企业法人和非企业法人分别归入对应类型, 实现团体立法的统一。
                      5 《注册资本登记制度改革方案》第4条保障措施之第3条款:完善法制保障。积极推进统一的商事登记立法, 加快完善市场主体准入与监管的法律法规, 建立市场主体信用信息公示和管理制度, 防范市场风险, 保障交易安全。

                      汪渊智,许慧心.《民法总则》中商事主体制度的成功与不足[J].山西高等学校社会科学学报,2019,31(08):42-48.
                      相近分类:
                      • 成都网络警察报警平台
                      • 公共信息安全网络监察
                      • 经营性网站备案信息
                      • 不良信息举报中心
                      • 中国文明网传播文明
                      • 学术堂_诚信网站

                      百胜棋牌---首页_欢迎您 百灵拼三张-Welcome 蓝洞棋牌官网送3金币---首页_Welcome 035棋牌手游官网 亲朋棋牌官方下载完整版-首页