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                    当代少数民族文学价值研究的方向探究

                    时间:2019-02-21 来源:曲靖师范学院学报 作者:张永刚,李雨君 本文字数:8903字

                      摘    要: 星云棋牌官网下载当代少数民族文学基本价值研究在中国文学总体观念的完善中发挥了巨大作用。在实践层面,可以从三个角度看到“价值研究”的主要取向,即推进民族文学研究发展;助力民族文学形成特色;影响民族文学理论建构。价值研究构成了中国当代少数民族文学研究的动力之源,最终将使中国当代多民族文学展现出更加绚烂的光彩。

                      关键词:星云棋牌官网下载 当代少数民族文学; 价值研究; 研究取向; 实践状态;

                      Abstract:星云棋牌官网下载 The study of the basic value of contemporary minority literature has played a great role in the improvement of the overall concept of Chinese literature. Onthe practical level,the main orientation of “value study”can be seen from three perspectives:(1) promoting the research development of national literature;(2) help national literature form its features;(3) influence the theoretical construction of national literature. Value research is the source of motivation for the study of contemporary Chinese minority literature,which will eventually make contemporary Chinese multi-ethnic literature more splendid.

                      Keyword:星云棋牌官网下载 Contemporary minority literature; Value studies; Research orientation; State of the practice;

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                      一、推进民族文学研究发展

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                      作为当代少数民族文学价值研究的重要部分,许多学者对当代少数民族文学研究状态和成效进行了概括,譬如梁庭望《新中国少数民族文学研究之发展》、李晓峰《中国当代少数民族文学创作与批评现状的思考》、张帆《解放后中国少数民族文学研究述评》、龚小雨《当代少数民族文学研究概观》、南方思《中国民族文学研究概况》、陈祖君《中国当代少数民族文学研究述评》等等,使我们可以看到一个浩大的民族文学研究领域。尤为重要的是在这个庞大的领域中,凝聚并时刻显现着一种重要的推进力量,那就是对研究工作本身进行价值判断的肯定性立场。换言之,许多学者或从多方面论述了新中国民族文学研究的价值,或在具体研究中印证了这种价值。同时,对少数民族文学研究取得的实际成果和积极作用进行了概况,涉及研究态势概括、发展思路梳理、理论意义辨析、语言问题探寻、研究资料集成等等,认为“宏观把握并系统总结此种格局的叙述框架和基本经验,对于推动我国少数民族文学研究的深入、持续开展具有积极意义。”[1]在研究的实践层面,其观察视觉深入到民族文学研究近几十年呈现出来的旺盛生命力,发现它所催生的许多民族文学研究组织,带来的民族文艺家协会、民族文学刊物以及学术团体,其活跃的文学氛围,使民族文学研究获得了持续发展力量[2],也是民族文学研究不断取得研究成果的直接而重要的原因之一。在少数民族文学的内涵、特质和定义探讨这个方面,研究者首先充分肯定了它的重要性,因为它不仅决定着少数民族文学在当代文学中的地位,还决定着少数民族文学研究的价值基础和学理起点,因此必须从中华文化的整体构成及少数民族文学对当代中国文学发展史的贡献等角度展开深入研究,探寻原因,寻找发展路径,才可进一步明确民族文学的地位。应该说至今这都是具有研究价值和研究空间的领域,它带来的间接效果是发现了少数民族文学创作的某些缺陷,促使它在主动追求对民间文学和古代、现代民族文学的继承,以及对汉文学和外国文学的借鉴方面有更充分的进展,[3]其结果是对当前的少数民族文学创作方向形成了积极影响。
                     

                    当代少数民族文学价值研究的方向探究
                     

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                      二、助力民族文学形成特色

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                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZONGGUANZHEIFANGMIANDEYANJIU,QIZONGTIQINGXIANG(TEBIESHI90NIANDAIYILAIDEZONGTIQINGXIANG)SHICHONGFENKENDINGSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEZAIZHENGGEZHONGGUODANGDAIWENXUEZHONGXINGCHENGDESHENGJIYUHUOLI,BINGZAIQIXIANMINGDEMINZUTESEZHONGJINYIBUFAJUESHENGJIYUHUOLICHANSHENGDEYUANYIN,YIQUEZHENGSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEFAZHANSUOJUYOUDEYOUSHISUOZAI。ZAIJUTIYANJIUCENGMIAN,YANJIUZHEZHONGDIANTANXUNLESHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEMINZUTESEDEJIBENJIAZHIHEZHONGYAOYIYI,RENWEIMINZUTESESHISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUENEIZAITEXINGZUIZHONGYAODEYINSU,“MINZUTEZHENGSHISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEBUKEHUOQUEDEBIYAOYINSU,RUGUOQUESHAOLEZHEIYIYAOSU,NEIMEBIANBUNENGCHENGZHIWEISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEZUOPIN,YEJIUBUJUBEISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEDESHENMEIJIAZHIJICHU。SUOYI,MINZULISHIWENHUAHEMINZUYUANSUSHIZUOJIAZAICHUANGZUOSHIJINXINGTILIANHEJIAGONGDEZHUYAOYUANSU,CONGERSHIXIANZUIZHONGDESHAOSHUMINZUWENXUESHENMEIJIAZHI。”[7]ZAIZHEILI,JINYIBUJIANGMINZUXINGTEDIANSHIWEIGOUCHENGSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUESHENMEIJIAZHIBIBUKESHAODEYAOSU,SHIJISHANGSHIJIEDINGLESHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEZUOPINZUIJIBENDENEIHANHETEZHENG,JUTISHUO,JIUSHI“‘MINZUXING'SHIMINZUWENXUEZHEIYIGAINIANDEYINGYOUZHIYI,YESHIMINZUWENXUEQUBIEYUZHONGGUODEDIYUXINGWENXUEDEGUANJIANSUOZAI。”[8]QIDINGYIDESILUHEMUDEDOUSHIQINGXIERMINGQUEDE。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   NEIMEMINZUWENXUEZHEIGENEIZAIGUIDINGXINGLAIZIHECHU?DIYIGELAIYUANSHIMINZUZUOJIADEZHUTISHENFENHEZHUTIYISHI。“SHAOSHUMINZUZUOJIAZUOWEIDANGDAISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUECHUANGZUODEZHUTIJIQIZISHENMINZUWENHUADEDAIYANREN,DUIZISHENDEMINZUWENHUASHENFENDERENZHIBIRANHUIZAIQIWENXUECHUANGZUOSHANGYOUSUOTIXIAN,QINEIZAIDEMINZUXINGSHITUIDONGSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEFAZHANDEDONGYIN。”[9]JINTIANZHEIYIJINGCHENGWEIGONGSHI,DANZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,ZHEIGEZHUTISHENFENHEZHUTIYISHIBINGBUSHITIANRANDE,YEBUSHIZIRANERRANLIULUDE,TASHIJISHANGYOUYIGEZHUJIANFAXIAN、ZHUBUQUEZHENG、ZHUBUZHANXIANDEGUOCHENG,YEJIUSHISHUO,TASHIJISHANGSHIZAITEDINGWENHUAHUANJINGZHONGJIANGOUQILAIDE。XINSHIQIYILAIZHEIGEXIANXIANGYOUWEITUCHU。NEIMEJIANGOUDEHEBUHELI?TIXIANCHUHEZHONGYIYI?ZHEIXIEWENTIDOUXUYAOJINYIBUJINXINGLILUNTANJIU,QIYANJIUNEIRONGFENGFU,YANJIUKONGJIANJUDA,MUQIANQIZHONGYIXIEJIBENGUANNIANZHUBUDEDAOLEMINGQUEHEKENDING,BIRU,“SHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEBIXUTONGGUOBENMINZUYISHIDEZHUIXUN,LAIZHONGJIAN‘ZIWOWENHUASHENFEN'”[10],ZHEISHIMINZUWENXUEZAIMIANDUIBENMINZUWENHUAWEIJISHISUOCHANSHENGDEGUANNIANYISHI,TAYAOQIUZUOJIABUDUANZHUIXUNBENMINZUWENHUATIYAN,JIANSHOUBENMINZUCHUANGZUOLICHANG,BIMIANBEISHIDAICHAOLIUYANMEI,YINCI“SHAOSHUMINZUZUOJIAZHUYIDAOBENMINZUDUTEDEMINZUXINLIHEBIANHUAGUOCHENG,ZHONGSHIBINGQIENULIFAJUEBENMINZUDEWENHUATEZHENG,JIANGQIZIJUERONGRUDAOCHUANGZUOZHONG,ZHEISHITAMENWENHUASHENFENYISHIDEXIANLU,YESHILAIYICHUANGZUODEYUANQUAN,YINWEIRENHEYIGEZUOJIADOULIBUKAIZIJITESHUDESHENGHUOTIYANHEWENHUARENZHI,SHIQUBENMINZUDEWENHUAGENJIERXIANGYAOJIANGOUYIGEDUTEJIANSHIDEWENXUESHIJIE,SHIWUFASHIXIANDE。”[11]ZAICIYIYISHANG,YOUYANJIUZHEDUANYAN:“MINZUXING,HAOWUYIWEN,SHIDANGDAISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEDEMINZUXINGJIAZHIZHUIQIUFANSI。”[12]YINGGAISHUO,ZHEIZHONGJIAZHIPANDUANDEBEIHOU,TIXIANLEXIANGGUANYANJIUDESIBIANXINGSHENRUXING,SUIRANWENTIDEDAANKENENGYOUDUOZHONGXUANXIANG,DANSIKAOBENSHENDEYIYISHIJIJIDE。MINZUWENXUENEIZAIGUIDINGXINGDEDIERGELAIYUANSHIMINZUSHENGHUODEJUEDINGZUOYONG。ZUOWEISHEHUISHENGHUOFANYINGDEWENXUE,SHAOSHUMINZUZUOJIAZONGSHILVXIANGUANZHUZIJIMINZUDESHENGHUO、XISUHELISHIWENHUA,SHIZUOPINDAISHANGMINZUDELUOYIN,XINGCHENGBIAOXIANFANGSHISHANGDECHAYI。YINWEI“SHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEZHONGDEMINZUXINGZHUYAOSHIZHIDUIMINZUWENHUAHEFENGSURENQINGJINXINGSHENMEIGUANZHAOHETIYANDEGUOCHENG,BUTONGDESHAOSHUMINZUWENXUESHENMEIXINGSHIBUYIZHIDE。”[13]“ERYIZHONGWENHUADEMEILIBUJINZAIYUQIDUIYUSHIJIEDUTEDEGANWU,ERQIEZAIYUTAMENDUTEDEBIAOSHU。”[14]XUDUOYANJIUYINCISHEJILEMINZUWENXUEZAIYUYAN、XUSHI、WENXUEXINGXIANGSUZAODENGFANGMIANDETEDIAN,YICHAYIXINGLAIZHENGMINGZHUTIZHUIQIUDEJIAZHIQUXIANG,TUOKUANLEMINZUWENXUEJIAZHIYANJIUDEFANWEI,SHIYANJIUCHENGXIANCHUFENGFUXINGYUFUZAXING。

                      YISHANGSHUFANGSHIXINGCHENGDEMINZUWENXUETESEDAODIJUYOUSHENMEWENHUAYIYINI?ZHEISHIJIAZHIYANJIUTUIJINMINZUWENXUETESEFAZHANZUIWEIGUANJIANDEDIFANG。XIANGGUANYANJIUSHOUXIANWEIZHONGGUODANGDAIWENXUEZENGTIANLEXINDEBENTUHUACHENGFEN。ZUOWEITONGYIDEDUOMINZUGUOJIADEZHONGGUOWENXUE,SHIYOUDUOMINZUDUOQUYUWENXUEGOUCHENGDE,DUOYANGYITI,HEERBUTONG;BAICHUANGUIHAI,SHICHENGHAOHAN。“SHAOSHUMINZUWENXUESHOUNAMINZUWENHUASHIXIANG、CHENGXIANMINZUXINLIGEXINGDE‘MINZUTESE'RIYIXIANZHE,BUDUANWEIZHONGGUOWENXUEKONGJIANZENGTIANXINDEZHISU。”[15]ZHEISHIBUYONGHUAIYIDELISHIYUXIANSHIZHUANGTAI,YESHIWEILAIFAZHANDEFANGXIANG。QICI,XIANGGUANYANJIUFAXIANSHAOSHUMINZUZUOJIADUIBENMINZUWENHUADEJUANNIANHEJIANSHOU,ZENGQIANGLEMINZUWENXUEZHONGDEMINZUWENHUABIAOXIANLIHEMINZUNINGJULI。ZAIXINDESHIDAIHUANJINGZHONGWAILAIWENHUADUIMINZUWENXUEYINGXIANGRIYIQIANGDA,TASHENZHIHUITONGHUA、XIAOJIEWENXUEDEMINZUTESE,ZHIYOUMINZUDECAISHISHIJIEDE,YEZHIYOUJIANSHOUMINZUWENXUEDETESEFAZHAN,CAIYOUZHENZHENGDEMINZUWENXUE,ZAICIYIYISHANG,MINZUWENXUEYANJIUDUIWENXUEMINZUTESEDEKENDINGHEHONGYANGJUYOUSHIFENZHONGYAODEJIAZHI。ZAILILUNSHIYEZHONGYOUQIZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,RENMENKANDAOJIANSHOUMINZUWENXUETESEDELICHANGHEFANGSHIYINGSHIYISHUHUAFANGSHI,ERBUSHIKOUHAOSHIDEBIAODA,ZHEIDUISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEDEFAZHANTIGONGLEGENGYOUXIAODEZHULI,YINWEIJUYOUQIANYIMOHUADEGANRANTESECAISHIZHENZHENGDEWENXUETESE。DISAN,XIANGGUANYANJIUFAXIANMINZUWENXUEZHONGDEMINZUTESEDAIZHEYISHIXINGTAIDEQIANZAIGONGNENG。“SHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEWENBENZHONGDEMINZUZHUYIBIAODA,SHIJISHANGSHIYIZHONGYISHIXINGTAIHUAYUDEBIAODA。”[16]RENHEYISHIDOUBUKENENGTUOLIJUTIDEMINZUXINLI、MINZUSHEHUIQINGJING,QIAQIAXIANGFAN,TANENGYIXINGXIANGFANGSHIZUICHONGFENDIFANYINGMINZUDELISHIJINCHENGHEZHONGZHONGSHEHUIWENHUAXINGWEI。YINCIWOMENBUDANBUNENGFOUDINGMINZUWENXUEDEYISHIXINGTAIYIYI,FANGUOLAIHAIYAOJINYIBUJIAQIANGZHEIZHONGYIYI,YIXINGCHENGZHENGQUEDEWENHUADAOXIANG。SHIJISHANG,MINZUWENXUEZAIXIANDAIXINGJINCHENGYUHOUXIANDAIWENHUASICHAOZHONGYIJINGBIAOXIANCHUZHONGZHONGJIJIZITAIHEZHONGZHONGKUNHUO,RUHEJIANGMINZUTESEDECHUANCHENGYUXIANDAIYISHIRONGHUIZAIYIQI,WULUNSHIJINXINGYISHUDEBIAODAHAISHIZHANKAIWENHUADESIKAODOUSHIJIANNANDE。YINCI,“DUIRUOSHIMINZUXUANZEXIANDAIHUADEDAOLUHECELVEERYAN,JIEJIANXIANDAIHUALILUNLAISHENSHIJIYOUDEXIANDAIHUASHIJIAN,ZONGJIEQIZHONGDEJINGYAN,SHIHENYOUBIYAODE。”[17]ZAIFUZADESHIJIEWENHUABEIJINGXIARENHEDANYIDEPANDUANDOUBUKEQU,XIANGFAN,CHONGFENDEYANJIUHUISHIMINZUWENXUEDELILUNSHIYUHUODEGENGJIAGUANGDADEKONGJIAN。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIWENXUEFAZHANZHONG,MINZUTESEJISHI“ZIRANDE”,YOUSHIZHUDONGZHUIQIUHUODEDE,DUIYUSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUELAISHUOTONGYANGRUCI。SHUOQISHI“ZIRANDE”,NEISHIYINWEICHUANGZUOGUILVJUYOUJUEDINGZUOYONG;SHUOQISHIZHUDONGZHUIQIUSUODE,YOUSHIYINWEIMINZUWENHUADIWEIHEMINZUHUAYUQUANDENGYINSUHUIZAIJUTISHIDAIHUANJINGZHONGBIANCHENGWENHUAJIANSHEDEZHONGYAOYINGXIANGYINSU,YINGXIANGZHERENMENDUIMINZUWENXUETESEXINGCHENGBUTONGDELIJIEHECAIQUBUTONGDEDUIDAIFANGSHI。ZAIJUTIDEWENHUAGOUJIANGUOCHENGZHONG,HAIHUIFASHENGXUDUOFUZAQINGXING,PIRU,YOUSHIDUITESEDEZHUIQIUGANGHAODAOZHITESEDEXIAOJIE;YOUSHITESEJINJINZUOWEIYIZHONGBIAOMIANHUADEDIANZHUIBEILIYONG,QUEYOUCHENGLEZHUIXUNTESEDEZHONGYAOERHELIDEFANGSHI;YOUSHITESEDESHENCENGBIAODAFANERDAILAIXINDEMANGRANYUKUNHUO,SHIRENJUEDETESEYAOBUKEJI,DENGDENG。DANGDAISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEYANJIUZHIMIANZHEIXIEWENTI,BINGZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGLIQINGLEZHEIXIEWENTI,XINGCHENGLEXIANGDUIMINGXIDESHIJIE,YINGGAISHUOZHEIZHONGGUANYUMINZUWENXUEJIAZHIDEPANDUANYUZHANGYANG,DADAZHUTUILEDANGDAISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEDETESEHUAFAZHAN,TIXIANLELILUNYANJIUYINGYOUDEJIJIYIYI。

                      三、影响民族文学理论建构

                    星云棋牌官网下载   DANGDAISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEZUOWEIZHONGGUODANGDAIWENXUEZHONGJUYOUTESEDEBUFEN,BIRANHUIWEIZHONGGUODANGDAIWENLUNFAZHANTIGONGLILUNJIANSHEDEMINZUHUAZIYUAN。MINZUWENXUEBENSHENYEKEWANGDEDAOSHIHEZISHENFAZHANDELILUNCHANSHIYUYINDAO。MUQIANZHEIZHONGSUQIUZAIDANGDAISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEJIAZHIYANJIUZHONGDEDAOLEJIJIHUIYING,KEYIKENDING,DANGDAISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEYANJIUDESHENRUKAIZHAN,WEIMINZUWENXUELILUNJIANSHEDAXIALEJIANSHIJICHU,FAHUIZHEZHONGYAODETUIJINZUOYONG。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   CONGDANGDAIWENLUNJIANSHEZIYUANJIAODUKAN,DANGDAISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEYANJIUDEFENGFUXINGSHIYOUMUGONGDUDE,QIYANJIUCHENGGUOJUANYIHAOFAN,SUOLUNSHENGUANG,SHEJILEMINZUWENXUECHUANGZUOFAZHANDEFANGFANGMIANMIAN。WOMENCONGZHANGSHOUKANG、MAIMAITI·ZUNONG、WANGYIDING、TANGXIAOQING、LIANGTINGWANG、WANGLIZHEN、YINXIAOLIN、WUZHONGYANG、GUANJIXIN、CHAOGEJINDENGXUEZHE,YIJIZHONGGUOZUOJIAXIEHUIBIANXIEZUZAIBUTONGSHIDAIHUIBIANDEYANJIUWENJI、SHULIXINGZHESHUZHONGKEYIHUODEZHIJIEZHENGJU。ZAIZHEIXIESHAOSHUMINZUWENYILUNJI、SHAOSHUMINZUWENLUNXUAN、LILUNPINGLUNTEJIZHONGKEYIKANDAOYIGEJUDAZHENRONGDECUNZAI。ZUOWEIMINZUWENXUELILUNJIANSHEDEJICHU,YINGGAITIDAODECHENGGUOHENDUO,PIRU:2006NIANCHAOGEJIN、LANGYINGZHUCHIZHONGGUOSHEKEYUANZHONGDAKETI“ZHONGGUOSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEYANJIUZILIAOKU”,HUIJILEDALIANGMINZUWENXUEYANJIUZILIAOHEYANJIUCHENGGUO,WEISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUELILUNJIANSHEDAXIALEHONGHOUDEZIYUANJICHU;LIANGTINGWANG、WANGLIZHEN、YINXIAOLINZHUBIANDE《ZHONGGUOMINZUWENXUEYANJIU60NIAN》,ZHANXIANCHUKAIKUODESHIYE,ZHEZHECONG“CONGDUOYUANDAOZHENGHEDEWENXUELILUN”、“CONGWUDAOYOUDEMINZUWENXUEXUEKEJIANSHE”、“CONGSOUJIDAOZHENGLIDEZILIAOJILEI”、“CONGDANYIDAOFANRONGDEFAZHANQUXIANG”、“CONGKETANGDAOSHEHUIDEWENXUEFUSHE”DENGJIAODU,JIAOWANZHENGDIGAIKUO、CHANSHULEXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOUDESHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEYANJIUTAISHI;WUZHONGYANG2013NIANBIANZHEDE《ZHONGGUOSHAOSHUMINZUXIANDANGDAIWENXUEYANJIU》,CONGSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEGAILUN、BUTONGSHIDAISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEZONGJIE、SHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEZUOJIAZUOPINFENXIDENGJIAODU,HUIJILEDALIANGDANGDAISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEYANJIUCAILIAO……YINGGAISHUO,SHANGSHUZHEILEIYANJIUJUYOU“DIANJI”YIYI,TAMENWEIDANGDAISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEYANJIUDEJINYIBUKAIZHANHELILUNGOUJIANDECHANGSHITIGONGLEZHONGYAOZILIAO。ZHIDEZHONGSHIDESHI,ZHONGDUOLILUNJIAZAIHUIBIANHEZONGLUNSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEYANJIUCHENGGUODESHIHOU,DOUYOUYISHIDICHONGFENBIAODAHEKENDINGLESHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEYANJIUDUIMINZUWENXUELILUNJIANGOUDEZHONGYAOXINGYUJIJIYIYI,BINGZHICHUZAIZHEIFANGMIANCUNZAIDEBUZUHEGAIJIN、SHENHUADEFANGXIANGYUFANGFA,TIXIANCHUJIAZHIYANJIUDEMINGXIANTEZHENG,YOUZHE“DUTEERSHENRUDEXUESHUSIKAO,JIANJIEERQINGXIDELILUNCHANSHI。”[18]———ZHEISHITANGXIAOQINGDUIGUANJIXIN、CHAOGEJINDE《DUOZHONGXUANZEDESHIJIE———DANGDAISHAOSHUMINZUZUOJIAWENXUEDELILUNMIAOSHU》ZHEIBULUNZHEDEPINGJIA,ZAIMOUZHONGYIYISHANG,WOMENYEKEYIYONGTALAIGAIKUODANGDAISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEYANJIUDUIMINZUWENXUELILUNJIANGOUDEZHUYAOGONGXIAN。

                      YOUWEITUCHUDESHI,YIXIEYANJIUZHEZHIJIEZHILIYUSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUELILUNDEGOUJIAN,LIUXIALEKEGUIDETANSUOCHENGGUO。PIRULIANGTINGWANGSUOZHEDE《ZHONGGUOSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEGAILUN》JIUSHIDAIYOUKAICHUANGXINGDEMINZUWENXUELILUNGOUJIANDECHANGSHI。GAIZHEZAISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEDINGYIDEJICHUSHANG,FENZHANGZHUYILUNSHULE“SHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEDEQIYUANHEFAZHAN”、“SHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEDEFENLEI”、“SHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEZONGHENGLUN”、“SHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEYUZHOUBIANGUOJIAWENXUEDEGUANXI”、“SHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEYANJIUFANGFALUN”、“SHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEYUDANGDAISHEHUI”DENGWENTI,QIGOUJIANMINZUWENXUELILUNDEQINGXIANGSHIFENMINGXIAN,BINGXINGCHENGLESHAOSHUMINZUWENLUNDEYIGEJIBENKUANGJIASILU,YINCIBEIYUWEI“QIJINWEIYIYIBUCONGLILUNSHANGLUNSHUSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEDELILUNZHEZUO。”[2]

                    星云棋牌官网下载   DANGDAISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEYANJIUDUIMINZUWENXUELILUNJIANGOUDETUIDONGLILIANGGENGDUOLAIZIYUBUDUANYANXUZHEDELILUNSUOQIUHEFANSIZHIZHONG。ZAI“ZHONGGUOSHIDIYULIAOKUODETONGYIDEDUOMINZUGUOJIA”ZHEIYIGUANNIANYINLINGXIA,RENMENYUELAIYUEDUODIYISHIDAOSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEYANJIUDEZHONGYAOXING,BINGJUCICHANGDAOHETANSUOLEMINZUWENXUELILUNJIANSHEDEBIYAOXING,XIANGGUANJIXINDE《20SHIJIZHONGHUAGEMINZUWENXUEGUANXIYANJIU》,GUANJIXIN、CHAOGEJINDE《DUOZHONGXUANZEDESHIJIE》,LIUDAXIANDE《BIANYUANDEJUEQI》、《CONGXIANGXIANGDEYIYUDAODUOYUANDEDITU》,LIHONGRANDE《ZHONGGUODANGDAISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUESHILUN》,XUXINJIANDE《QUANQIUYUJINGYUBENTURENTONG》,LIXIAOFENGDE《ZHONGHUADUOMINZUWENXUESHIGUANXIAZHONGGUOWENXUESHIZHIJIEGOU》,ZHAOTINGYANGDE《MEIYOUSHIJIEGUANDESHIJIE》,YANGZHIMINGDE《QUANQIUHUA、XIANDAIHUAYUSHAOSHUMINZUCHUANTONGWENHUADESHENGCUNQIANJING》,SONGBINGHUIDE《RUOSHIMINZUWENXUEZAIZHONGGUO》,TANGXIAOQINGZHUBIANDE《DUOYUANWENHUAGEJUZHONGDEMINZUWENXUEYANJIU》DENGDENG,DOUSHIZHILIYULILUNGOUJIANDEJUYOUDAIBIAOXINGDECHENGGUO。YUCITONGSHI,DUIDUOMINZUWENXUEDEYANJIUYULILUNQUEXIANDEFANSIYUELAIYUEDUO,XINGCHENGSHIFENFENGFUDEZHUANGTAI,CAOSHUNQINGDE《SANZHONGHUAYUBAQUANXIADESHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEYANJIU》,LIUDAXIANDE《DANGDAISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEPIPING:FANSIYUZHONGJIAN》、《WENXUEGONGHE》,LIXIAOFENGDE《ZHONGGUODANGDAISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUECHUANGZUOYUPIPINGXIANZHUANGDESIKAO》,YAOXINYONGDE《WEIMIDEMINZUWENXUEPIPING》,MASHAOXIDE《ZAITAZHEDESHIYUZHONG》,YAOXINJIANDE《WENHUASHENFENJIANGOUDEYUQIUYUSHENSI》DENGDENG,CONGBUTONGJIAODUFAXIANWENTI,ZHANKAILESHENRUSIKAO,QIQIFAZUOYONGSHIJUDADE,PIRUYAOXINYONGLIZUYUDANGDAIMINZUWENXUEPIPINGHEYANJIUDEBUZU,ZAIHONGGUANLILUNYANJIU、ZHENGTIBAWOYUWEIGUANJUTIPIPINGFANGMIANSHENRUTANJIU,GAIKUOLEBUZUDE“SANDAZHENGHOU”,JI(1)SHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEPIPINGHONGGUANYANJIUDEXITONGXING、LILUNXINGQIANQUE;(2)SHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEPIPINGDEWEIGUANXINGKAOCHAKONGFAN;(3)YOUGUANSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEZHONGYAOLILUNWENTIDESIKAOCUNZAIZHEBEIDONGXING、ZHONGFUXINGHESUIYIXING。[20]ZHEISHIHENYOUDAIBIAOXINGDEFANSI,TADEZHIYIZHENGZAIYUMINZUWENXUELILUNGOUJIAN,JUYOUMINGXIANDEGUANNIANSECAIHELUOJIZHANGLI。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   JIANGMINZUWENXUELILUNGOUJIANZHIYUSHIDAIFAZHANZHIZHONG,XINAXINSHIJIDAILAIDEXINYINSU,BIXUJISHIDIAOZHENGSIKAODESHIYUYUSILU。ZAIZHEIFANGMIAN,WOMENZHUYIDAOYIXIEXINDEJIAZHIYANJIUQUXIANG,PIRU“DUOMINZUWENXUESHIGUAN”YINGLIZUYUDUOMINZUGUOJIADEGAODU,CAINENGDUIZHONGGUOWENXUESHIDEJIBENSHUXINGHEGONGNENGJINXINGCHANSHI,XINGCHENGZHENZHENGDEDUOMINZUWENXUESHIGUANHEDUOMINZUWENXUESHIZHENGTIJIEGOU。[21]ZAIRU,ZAIHOUXIANDAIBEIJINGXIA,YAOZHONGSHIZHONGHUADUOMINZUWENXUEDEZHENGTIJIAZHI,WOMENXUYAO“CONGWENXUEPIPINGBIAOZHUNDEJIAODUKAOCHADANGDAITEBIESHIXINSHIQIYILAIDESHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEPIPINGDEZHENGTIZHUANGKUANG。”[8]YEJIUSHIYAOQIURONGJINSHIDAIFAZHANDAILAIDEWENXUEGUANNIANSHIJIAO,JIENAWENXUEPIPINGBIAOZHUNDESHANBIAN。YAOZUODAOZHEIYIDIAN,JIUYAOCONGZONGXIANGLISHIDEJIAODUHEHENGXIANGGONGSHIDEJIAODULAIGUANCHA、SIKAO、FENXIMINZUWENXUEZAIDANGDAIZHONGGUOWENXUEZHENGTIZHONGDEDIWEIHEZUOYONG,JINLIANGBIMIANXIAAIDEMINZUWENHUAPIANJIAN,CAINENGFAXIANJUYOUSHIDAIYIYIDEMINZUWENXUEJIAZHIHELILUNCHENGFEN,WEIMINZUWENXUELILUNGOUJIANTIGONGGENGDUOZHONGGUOBENTUYUANSUHEBENTUZIYUAN。[23]

                      ZONGZHI,ZHONGGUODANGDAISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEYANJIUYIYOU70NIANLISHI,QIZHONGJIAZHIYANJIUYIJINGXINGCHENGMINGXIANTAISHIBINGTIXIANCHUJUDAZUOYONG,TAYOULITUIJINLEMINZUWENXUEYANJIUSHENRUFAZHAN,DUIMINZUWENXUETESEDEXINGCHENGYUQIANGHUACHANSHENGLEJUDAZHULI,BINGSHENKEYINGXIANGZHEMINZUWENXUEDELILUNJIANGOU,QIYIYIBUKEXIAOSHI。ZAIWENXUEYANJIULINGYU,RUGUOSHUOJIAZHIYANJIUSHIYANJIUZHENGTIDEDONGLIZHIYUAN,NEIME,BUDUANQIANGHUADEDANGDAISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEJIBENJIAZHIYANJIU,JIANGHUISHIZHONGGUODANGDAIDUOMINZUWENXUEYANJIUHUODEGENGDADEFAZHANLILIANG,QIZUIZHONGJIEGUOSHIRANGZHONGGUODANGDAIDUOMINZUWENXUEZHANXIANCHUGENGJIAXUANLANDEGUANGCAI。

                      参考文献

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