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                            引黄灌区泥沙问题及其资源化利用

                            时间:2018-12-12 来源:价值工程 作者:许生原 本文字数:5945字

                              摘    要: 黄河属于国内最重要的一条河流,针对灌溉有十分关键的作用。但黄河水内有较大的含沙量,令引黄灌区于引水的基础上必定会引入大量泥沙。针对黄河下游的引黄灌区而言,通过近几年的发展,引黄除淤以后大都变成了良田,能沉沙的洼地极少。在泥沙处理过程引起了诸多问题,包含生态系统恶化、堆沙区耗尽等,针对泥沙的处理使用已变成引黄灌溉行业发展的关键影响因素。文章重点介绍了引黄灌区泥沙资源应用情况,并阐述了引黄灌区泥沙资源使用时值得注意的事项。

                              关键词: 引黄灌区; 泥沙资源; 应用分析;

                              Abstract: The Yellow River is one of the most important rivers in China and plays a key role in irrigation. However, there is a large sediment concentration in the Yellow River water, which will inevitably introduce a large amount of sediment in water diversion. In view of the Yellow River Irrigation District in the lower Yellow River, through the development in recent years, most of the yellowings have become fertile after the dewatering of the Yellow River, and there are very few shoals that can sink sand. The sediment treatment process has caused many problems, including the deterioration of the ecosystem and the exhaustion of the sand-sanding area. The treatment of sediment has become a key factor affecting the development of the irrigation industry. The article focuses on the application of sediment resources in the Yellow River Irrigation District and describes the matters worthy of attention when using sediment resources in the Yellow River Irrigation District.

                              Keyword: Yellow River irrigation area; sediment resources; application analysis;

                              0、 引言

                              ZHONGGUOSHUYUNONGYEDAGUO,DUIYUNONGYEJINGJIJIANSHE,YINSHUIGUANGAISHUYUSHIFENGUANJIANDECAOZUOXINGSHI。HUANGHESHIGUONEIZUIZHONGYAODEYITIAOHELIU,YINHUANGGUANGAIYESHUYUGUANQUNONGYEJINGJIJIANSHESHIFENGUANJIANDEXINGSHI。DANHUANGHESHUIHANSHALIANGJIAODUO,ZAIYINHUANGGUANGAIJIEDUANWUFAGUIBIDEYINRUZHUDUONISHA,DAOZHINISHAWENTISHIFENYANZHONG。DANJIUXIANGRENHESHIWUNEIYANG,NISHAYECUNZAILIANGMIANXING。JINGGUOKEXUESHIYONGNISHAZIYUAN,BUJINKEYICHIXUGAISHANYINHUANGGUANQUDESHENGTAIXITONG,HAIDUIGUANQUDEJINGJIJIANSHEDAILAIXIANZHEXIAOGUO。YINCI,ZHENDUIYINHUANGGUANQUNISHAZIYUANYINGYONGJINXINGTANJIU,DUIYUBUDUANTUIJINYINHUANGGUANQUJINGJIJIANSHEJUYOUSHIFENXIANSHIDEZUOYONGJIYIYI。

                              1、 引黄灌区泥沙的影响

                              黄河是多泥沙河流,引黄灌区在引水的基础上将诸多泥沙带进灌区的灌排系统,严重威胁到引黄灌区灌溉工程的运作及管理,甚至加快引黄灌区的生态自然恶化。从一定意义上说,泥沙问题的解决关系着引黄灌区的长远发展。渠道处于灌溉系统的关键位置,其输水输沙性能的高低直接影响着灌区可否正常运转。引黄灌区引水阶段泥沙的反复淤积直接缩小了渠道过水断面,导致渠道输水性能降低。渠道输水性能的降低将导致输沙能力的变化,虽然针对部分特定条件下,因输水性能的降低造成输沙能力的变化比较繁琐,但从整体上来说,渠道过流水平下降必定造成输沙率削减,从而加快渠道阻塞,若不立即清理,会阻碍灌溉工程的顺利运行。当泥沙于渠系内大量淤积且可能会影响灌溉结构,渠系就应当进行清淤。因为清除的淤沙绝大多数状况下沿着渠道两边堆放,伴随泥沙的持续积累,泥沙会越来越多,这样不仅加大了清淤的困难性,而且伴随风雨进到渠道的泥沙量也表现出逐渐增加的态势。此外,因为清淤的泥沙无法无限制的堆高,只能逐步侵占渠道两边的土地资源,其直接造成渠系两边土地的急剧沙化。引黄灌区的清淤堆沙于渠道两边产生面积很大的人造沙漠,对附近的生态自然造成了严重危害。不仅表现为降雨引起的水沙流失,渠道两边的堆沙容易受到雨水的侵蚀,造成渠道反复性淤积或者引起良田沙化。
                             

                            引黄灌区泥沙问题及其资源化利用
                             

                              2、 引黄灌区泥沙资源应用的对策

                              YINHUANGGUANQUNISHAYINGYONGMOSHIHENDUO,BIRUFANGYUGAISHANTURANG、YULINYUBEIJIAGUDENGDENG,JINGGUOCHONGFENSHIYONGNISHAZIYUAN,KEYICHANSHENGXIANZHEDESHEHUIXIAOYIJIJINGJIXIAOYI。DANJIUDANGQIANQINGKUANGLAISHUO,ZHENDUINISHAZIYUANDELEJIEBIJIAODANYI,WEISHENRUTANJIUNISHAZIYUANDEGONGXUGUANXI,QUEFACUJINNISHAZIYUANHUASUOYAODEJISHUTIAOJIANJISHOUDUAN,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGXIANZHIZHEGUANQUDEZHANGYUANFAZHAN。

                              2.1、 放淤改善土壤

                            星云棋牌官网下载   HUANGHEXIAYOUGUANQUQUDAOLIANGBIANYOUHENDAFANWEIDEBEIHEWADI,YUANLAIJINGCHANGSHOUDAOZHUDUOZIRANZAIHAIDEYINGXIANG,BIRUBINGCHONG、FENGSHADENG。DANCAIQUYINHUANGGUANGAIYIHOU,ZAIGAIDIQUSHIXINGLEHENDAYINHUANGYUGAI,CUSHIYUANLAIDELAOWAYANJIANDIHUODEMINGXIANGAISHAN。DANBANSUISHIJIANDETUIYI,BUFENGUANQUQUSHOUFUJINWADIYIBEIYONGWAN,QUSHOUZILIUCHENSHAYIFEIHOUQINISHACHUZHIDEZHONGYAOXINGSHI,FANGYUGAISHANTURANGYINGDANGCONGQUDAOXIAYOUZHESHOU。

                              2.2、 淤临淤背稳固堤坝

                            星云棋牌官网下载   HUANGHEXIAYOUHECHUANGBIDIBIAOGAOYIXIE,ERQIEDIBADEWAIBUYOUJIBAISHANGQIANMIKUANDEBEIHEWADI,YINCIXUYAODINGSHIZENGGAOYUJIAGUDIBA。XIANGGUANGUANLIBUMENKEYIJIEZHUYINHUANGNISHAZIYUANLAIJIAGUDIBA,GAIFANGSHIBUJINKEYIGENGHAOJIAGUHUANGHEDIBA,ERQIEHAIKEXUEDECHULILECHANGNIANQINGYUDEZHUDUONISHA。JUYOUGUANZILIAOTONGJIDEZHI,ZHIDAO2017NIANDUIJIDEYUBEIYIZHANGDA1328QIANMI。JINGGUOJINJISHINIANHUANGHEHONGSHUIYUQITAYINGXIANGYAOSUDEKAOYANDEZHI,YULINYUBEIXIANGMUJUBEIXIANZHEXIAOGUO,ERQIEHAILIYONGLEGUANQUQUXINEINISHA,DUIQUDAODEZHENGCHANGSHUSHUISHIFENYOULI。

                              2.3 、泥沙综合应用方式

                              HUANGHESHIHANSHALIANGHENDUODEHELIU,YINHUANGXUYAOYINSHA。YINHUANGGUANQUZHILINISHAZUIGUANJIANDETUJINGWEI:(1)ZAIGUANQUSHANGYOUXIUJIANSHUCHENSHAQU,JIANGDALIANGKELIJIAOCUDENISHACHENDIANYUZHEIYIQUYU;(2)YUANJULIYUNSHA,XUANQUHUNSHUIRUTIANMOSHIJIANGNISHADAIRUTIANJIAN。SUIZHEYINHUANGGUANGAIQUDEBUDUANFAZHAN,QUDAOLIANGCESHIHEJIANZAOCHENSHACHIDEDIWAYANJIANDIJIBENSHANGDOUYONGJIN,BINGQIETONGGUOZHILIHENONGTIANJIBENJIANSHE,YIBIANCHENGZHONG、GAOCHANLIANGTIAN,SHIQULEZILIUCHENSHADEZHONGYAOTIAOJIAN。YOUXIEGUANQUXUANYONG“YIWADAICHEN”JIZHONGZHILINISHA,JIANGSHUSHAQUHECHENSHACHIYUSHAJUJIZAILIANGCE,SUIZHEQINGYULIANGZHUJIANZENGDUO,QINGYUGONGZUOYUELAIYUEKUNNAN,ZHANYONGGENGDIBUDUANKUODA,YINQILEYANZHONGDESHAHUAQIEZAIBUDUANKUODA。NISHAZHILIDAOZHIQUSHOUSHAHUA、DUISHAMIANJIDAIJIN、SHENGTAIXITONGEHUA、QISHUIQISHAZAOCHENGDEHEDAOYUJIXIANXIANGRIYIYANZHONG,YINHUANGNISHACHENGWEIYINHUANGGUANGAIXINGYEFAZHANDEGUANJIANXIANZHIYINSU。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   DUIYUSHANGSHUQINGKUANG,TONGGUOYANJIUHETANXIHUANGHEXIAYOUDEGUANQUNISHAQINGKUANG,FENXIYINHUANGGUANQUNISHASHIYONGYUKEXUEFENPEI,ZHAODAOHELIYINGYONGNISHADETUJING,GAISHANYINHUANGNISHAXIANZHUANG,SHIYINHUANGGUANQUJIYUXINGLIQIEBUPOHUAISHENGTAI,ZUNXUNKECHIXUFAZHANDAOLU,DUIBAOZHENGYINHUANGGUANGAIXINGYEDEWENDINGFAZHANYOUFEICHANGMINGXIANDEZUOYONG。

                              2.4 、泥沙处理与应用方式

                            星云棋牌官网下载   TONGGUOSHIDIDIAOCHA,YINHUANGGUANQUYUNISHAZHILIYUYINGYONGFANGSHIBAOHANCHENSHACHICHENSHA、FANGYUYINGYONG、YUNSHADAOTIAN、JIYUGUDI、JIANCAISHENGCHANYUNONGYEYONGTUDENGDUOZHONGFANGSHI。

                              2.4.1、 沉沙池沉沙

                            星云棋牌官网下载   ZHUYAOBAOKUOGENJUYUGAIZILIUCHENSHA、GENJUYUBEICHENSHA、DUOJIHUAFENCHENSHA、YUANCHENGYUNSHUTONGYICHENSHA、ZILIUCHENSHAYONGWADAICHEN、YANGSHUICHENSHAZHUZHONGFANGSHI。ERZILIUCHENSHA、YONGWADAICHENSHUYUCHUANTONGDEXINGSHI,SHIDANGQIANDABUFENGUANQUZHILILAISHADEZHONGYAOTUJING。TONGGUOCHENSHACHISHIXIANTONGYICHENSHASHUYUHUANGHEXIAYOUYINHUANGGUANQUZHILINISHADEYIZHONGZHONGYAOCHENGGONGJINGYAN,RUJINYIJIUSHIYINHUANGNISHAZHILIDEZHONGYAOFANGSHIZHIYI。BUGUANSHIZILIUGUANQU、TISHUIGUANQUHUOZHEBUYUANGUANGAI,JUNYINGDANGXIANBAYINRUDEYIXIENISHA,TEBIESHIKELIHENCUDENISHAJINGGUOCHENSHACHITONGYIYUCHENXIALAI,YOUCIQUEBAOGEJIQUDAODESHUNLIYUNZHUAN。

                              YINHUANGGUANQUCHENSHACHIYOUPINGMIANXINGSHINENGFENCHENGHUBOXING、TIAODAIXINGYIJISUOXINGDENGDUOZHONGXINGSHI。TONGGUOZHANGSHIJIANDUICHENSHACHIYINGYONGDECHENGGONGJINGYAN、GUANCESHIYANYIJILILUNYANJIUFENXIXIANSHI,HUBOXINGCHENSHACHIYINSHUILIUJINDAOCHIKOUHOUTURANFENSAN,LIUSUTURANBIANJIAN,DAOZHINISHADOUCHENJIZAICHENSHACHISHANGYOUDUANDERUSHUIKOUCHU,ZHEIYANGJIDAXIANZHIZHEZHENGCHANGYINSHUI,CHENSHACHIYOUYONGRONGJIWUFAHUODECHONGFENSHIYONG。TONGCHANGYOUCHINEILIUCHUDESHUIJIBENBIANQING,BUMANZUCHENSHACHIZUCUPAIXIDEYINGYONGYUANZE,BUYIYUSHIYONGNISHAWANSHANWAJIANHUANGDI,ERQIEYOUCHINEILIUCHUDEQINGSHUIHAIJIANGZAOCHENGQUDAOCHONGJI。DAIXINGTIAOQUCHENSHACHI,YINWEIZAICHIZIRUKOUHOUDEBUYUANWEIZHIDUANMIANTURANJIAKUAN,SHANGDUANLUOYUJIAODUO,ZAIQIXIABULUOYUJIAOSHAO,DAOZHICHENSHACHIDESHOUWEIWEIZHILUOYULIANGCHABIEDADAO3-4BEI。DANSHISUOXINGTIAOQUSHICHENSHACHI,YINQIDUANMIANCONGRUKOUWEIZHIKAISHIJIAKUAN,SUIHOUZAIBUDUANSHOUSUO,SHUILIUCONGJIMANMANBIANHUAN,RANHOUMANMANZENGSU,NISHAZAIYANCHENGKEYIJIAOWEIJUNYUNDECHENJIANG,SHOUWEIWEIZHIDELUOYUHOUDUCHAZHIYOU40%ZUOYOU。ZAI3ZHONGCHENSHACHIFANGSHIZHONG,XIAOGUOZUIJIADESHISUOXINGTIAOQUSHICHENSHACHI,QICISHIDAIXINGTIAOQUSHI。GENJUYUGAIZILIUCHENSHA,GENJUYUBEICHENSHALIANGLEIXINGSHIKEXUESHIYONGLECHENSHACHINEIDEYUSHA,YOUHAIWEILI。DUOJIHUASANCHENSHA,YUANCHENGYUNSHUJIZHONGCHENSHADENGTUJINGJIANGDILEQUSHOUCHENSHADEFUDAN。YANGSHUICHENSHASHUYUJINXIENIANXINXINGDEXINGSHI,JINGYANGSHUICHENSHA,JINENGGOULASHACHONGSHUACHENSHACHIJINKOUQIANDESHUSHAQU;ERQIE,JINDAOCHENSHACHISHUILIUJINGYANGSHUISHEBEITIGAO,BIMIANLECHENSHACHIKOUYINSHUISHOUZUDEWENTI,LINGGUOCHENSHACHISHUILIUJINKENENGYUNSHUCHENSHACHINEIHOUFANG,YOUZHUYUYANSHENCHENSHACHIYINGYONGQIXIAN。

                              ZIRANCHENSHADADOUYONGZAIDIWADIYUTURANGBUHAODEQUYU,GAIZHONGCHENSHAXINGSHIYONGGONGSHAO,CAOZUOJIANDAN,RANERZHANDIDUO。ANZHAODIXINGTIAOJIANYUXUCHENSHAZONGLIANGQUEDINGFANWEI,ZHUYIWEIDIJIUNENGSHIYONG,CHENSHACHIJINKOUTONGCHANGBUZUOXIANGMU,CHUKOUYAOSHEZHILANSHAZHA,QUEBAONISHAYUJIDAXIAO。WEISHANGUANQUDONGXICECHENSHAQUYU1983NIANYIQIAN,JUNSHIZIRANCHENSHAXINGSHI。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   YONGWADAICHENZHIZAICHENSHAQUTIANRANCHENSHAYUPINGSANGSHICHENSHAZUOYONGHOU,JIEZHETONGGUORENGONGHEJIXIEQINGYUJIANTIAN,TONGCHANGGAOCHUDIBIAO7MIZUOYOU,JIANSHERENZAOGAODI。GAIZHONGCHENSHAXINGSHIZHANDISHAO,KESHIYONGGONGDUO。YONGWADAICHENXINGSHIWEISHANGUANQUCHUXIANZAI1983NIAN,YINWEICHENSHAQULIANGBIANDIWADITONGGUOBENDIQUNZHONGCHULI,JIBIANCHENGFENGCHANTIAN,XINZHANTIANDIFEICHANGKUNNAN,WEIXUEJIANZHANYONGTUDI,HELISHIYONGCHENSHAKONGJIAN,ANZHUANGCHENSHAJIHUA,YOUMUDEDIDUICHENSHACHISHIXIANYIWADAICHEN,QIDAOYIDINGDECHENSHAXIAOGUO。

                              2.4.2、 灌区除淤

                              YINHUANGGUANQUCHUYU,ZAIDANGQIANSHIGUANJIANDENISHAZHILITUJING。QIBAOHANCHENSHACHIDEYONGWADAICHEN、GUANGAIQUXIYUPAISHUIHEDAODECHUYUDENG。CHUYUFANGSHIBAOHANRENGONG、JIXIEYIJISHUILIWANIDENG。

                              2.4.3 、放淤应用

                              JINGYINHUANGYUGAI、DAOGAI,CAIYONGLEZHUDUONISHA,HENDUOGUANQUQUSHOUZHOUBIANDEWADIYIBIANCHENGWENCHANGAOCHANJICHUGENGDI。

                              2.4.4、 浑水灌溉,运沙到田

                              HUNSHUIGUANGAISHUYUXIANGDUIYUTONGGUOCHENSHACHICHENDIANHENCUKELINISHAHOU,BAXIKELINISHASONGWANGDAOTIANDELINGYIZHONGXINGSHI,ZHIHANSHASHUILIUTONGGUOCHENSHACHILIUCHENGTONGGUOSHUSHUIQUDAOJINDAOTIANJIAN。QIZUIMINGXIANDETEZHENGSHIBAYINRUNISHADEZHILIYINGYONGCONGDIANZHUANBIANCHENGMIAN,KUOZHANLENISHAYINGYONGLINGYU,XUEJIANQUDAOYUJI。CHENDIANNISHADELIXIANGZHUANGTAIWEI,JINDAOSHUSHAQUDENISHAJINLIANGSHAOJIZHONGZAIQUSHOU,ERCHAOGUANQUZHONG、XIAYOUYUFENZHIQUDAOYUNSONG,RANGJUEDADUOSHUNISHA(60%-70%)JINDAOTIANJIAN(ZHIHUNSHUIGUANGAI),ERQIECHULIDENISHAYANCHENGJINGKEXUESHIYONGBUHUICHUXIANLEIJIXINGDUISHA。RUOSHIZHEIGEMOSHIBIANCHENGXIANSHI,CONGJISHUFANGMIANLAISHUOJISHIXIANNISHAYUANCHENGYUNSHU。YAOXUEJIANSHUSHATONGDAODENISHAYUJI,CHUYUANLAIXINGZHIYOUXIAODEXIANGMUCUOSHIWAI,DONGLIZUIJIAQUJUEYUSHUILIUBENSHEN,JIJINGGUOZENGDASHUIMIANBIJIANG,TIGAOLIUSU,ZENGDAQUDAOZHONGSHUILIUYUNSONGNISHAXINGNENGLAISHIXIANNISHAYUANSONGDEMUBIAO。TISHENGSHUILIUDONGLIDECHANGYONGJISHUSHOUDUANJIZAIQUDAOQIADANGWEIZHIJIANSHETISHUIBENGZHANYANGSHUIJINQUYUFENLIU。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   YAOSHIXIANNISHAJINLIANGCHAOTIANJIANYUNSONG,XUEJIANQUDAOYUJI,XUDUIXIANYOUXIANGMUZHANKAIXITONGFENXI,GENJUGAIKUOJIAN、KEXUEDIAOJIEQUWANGFENBU,JINLIANGZENGJIASHUSHUITONGDAOZONGPO,YIQUDETISHENGGUANGAIYINSHUIWEI、XUEJIANQUDAOYUJI、JIEYUEGUANGAIFEIYONGDENGYIXILIECHENGXIAO。

                              2.4.5 、机淤固堤

                              YULINSHIYUSHUNDICHUANGOU,YUBEISHIYUJIBEIHEWADI。GAIFANGFAZAIJIAGUHUANGHEDIBADEJICHUSHANG,YOUKEXUEYINGYONGLENIANFUYINIANCHUYUDEZHUDUONISHA。TONGGUOZHANGSHIJIANHUANGHEHONGSHUIYANJIU,YANZHENGYULINYUBEIXIAOGUOXIAOGUOSHIFENMINGXIAN,JINGJIYUSHEHUIXIAOYIYEFEICHANGKEGUAN。

                              2.4.6 、建材生产,农业用土

                              YIKAOQINGYUNISHAYANZHIJIANCAIBAOKUOSANZHONGXINGSHI:YAZHIHUIZHUAN、SHAOZHIZHUANWA,JIAGONGHUISHAZHUANYUCHANQISHUINI,SHIQIBIANCHENGDANGDIJIANCAIJIDI。YIKAOGUANQUNISHAYANZHIJIANCAI,BUJINTISHENGLERENMINSHENGHUOZHILIANG,HAIZHILILENISHA。

                              2.4.7、 节水灌溉

                            星云棋牌官网下载   GUANGAIFANWEIDEJIESHUIGONGYIBAOHANQUDAOCHENQI、DIYAGUANLUSONGSHUIGUANGAI、PENGUAN、WEIGUANYUTIANJIANXIANGMUGAIZAOHEJINGQUJIERONGHE,DIBIAOSHUI、DIXIASHUIJIEHEYINGYONGDENGJIESHUIFANGFA,KEXUEJIESHUI,XUEJIANQUDAOYUSAI。ZAIQUDAOSHENSHUISHI,SHIJIANBIANLIANGSHUYUGUANJIANYINSU,RUOQITAYINSUYIYANG,SHUSHUIZHOUQIYUEZHANG,ZESHENSHUISUNSHILIANGYUEDUO。ANZHAOGUANQUZAIJISHIQUSHIYANXINXI,ZAIMEIYOUCHENQIDEQINGKUANGXIA,TONGGUOYOUHUAGUANLI(ZHIJINKENENGGENJUGUIHUALIULIANGYINSHUI,JIANSHAOSHUSHUISHIJIAN),NENGJIANGDIQUDAOSHUSHUIKUISUNDE30%~50%,ERQIE,HAINENGTISHENGGUANGAISHUIDESHIYONGLV。QIANGHUAYONGSHUIKONGZHI。ZAISHUSHUIKONGZHIZHONG,YOUYUGUANLIBUSHAN、XIANGMUSHIXIU、JIANZHUJIEGOULOULOUDENGYUANYINYINQIDELOULOUSUNSHI,DAGAISHIQUDAOSHUSHUISUNSHIZONGSHUDE18%。JINGJIAQIANGKONGZHI,RUYANGELUOSHIYONGSHUICHENGXUHEZHIDU、JISHIBIHEZHAMEN、QIANGHUAJIANZHUJIEGOUWEIHUDENG,LOULOUSUNSHISHINENGJIANSHAODE,JINERTISHENGSHUIDEYINGYONGLV,HAIJIANGDILECHAOPAISHUIHEDAONEIDEPAIFANGLIANG,JIANSHAOHEDAOYUJI。CAIQUSHISHIYINSHUI,TONGYIYINSHUI,DUANSHIJIANYINSHUI,JIESHENGGUANGAIYONGSHUI,HELISHIYONGSHUIZIYUAN,XUEJIANLEGUANQUDEZHENGTIYUJILIANG。ZICAIQUJIESHUIJIANYUZHIHOU,GUANQUSHAOYINRUNISHA20%ZHISHANG,BUJINJIANGDILEGUANQUQINGYUYALI,HAICHULIXIAYOUDI(SHI)YONGSHUICHONGTU,QUDELESHIBANGONGBEIDECHENGXIAO。

                              2.5、 创建“引黄渠首沉沙池经济特区”

                              YINHUANGGUANQUYUJINGJI、SHEHUI、SHENGTAIYIJIHUANJINGDENGLINGYUDOUHUODELEMINGXIANXIAOYI,DUITUIDONGBENDIGONGNONGYEFAZHANYIJIRENMINSHENGHUOZHILIANGDETIGAOQIDAOLEZHONGYAOYIYI。DANZAIGUANQUDAFANWEISHOUYIDEJICHUSHANG,QUSHOUCHENSHAQURENMINQUEBAOSHOUSHAHAIYINGXIANG,ZHUDUOLAIYISHENGCUNDETUDISHOUDAOZHANYA,RENJUNGENGDICONGYUANBENDEERMUDUOJIANSHAODAOYIMUZUOYOU,HENDUOCUNZHUANGRENJUNYIBUGOUBANMU;YUNSHAQULIANGBIANCHUXIANDESHALONGZHANYONGNONGTIAN,XIANZHINONGZUOWUSHENGZHANG;CHIZHONGZHUNIANQINGYUCHANSHENGSHAHUAGAODI,AOTUBUPING,PAOSHUIPAOFEI,CHANLIANGBUGAO;QUDAOQUANNIANSHUSHUIZAOCHENGLIANGBIANTUDIYANZIHUAYANZHONG,JIANDIFANWEIKUODAZHI20000DUOMU;SHUSHAQUYUCHENSHACHIDECHUANGJIANDALUANLEYIWANGDESHUIXI、JIAOTONG、YOUDIANXIANGMU,SHENGTAIYANZHONG、HUANJINGBISAI、SHENGCHANZHIHOU,YICHANSHENGXINDEJINGJIPINKUNQU。TONGGUODIAOYANFAXIAN,QUZHONGLIANG、MIANPINGJUNDANCHANSHI444kg/MUYU34kg/MU,ZHISHIGUANQUPUTONGNONGTIANDE64%YU54%;RENJUNSHOUYI420YUAN,XIANGJIAOYUTONGNIANQUANGUANQUZHONGNONGXIANGRENJUNSHOUYI750YUANSHAO44%。ZHANGSHIJIANYILAI,DUICHIQURENMINJINGUANJIYUSHIDANGDEQIANZHANPEICHANG,KESHIYIJIUWEIBUCHANGXINGZHI,ZHIKEYICHULIDIBIAOZHUNDEWENBAO,WUFACONGBENZHISHANGBANGZHURENMENCHULISHENGJIWENTI,TUOPINZHIFU。ZENYANGZHILIQUSHOUCHENSHACHIQUYULUOHOUYUGUANQUZHENGTIJINGJIFAZHANZHIJIANDECHONGTU,JISHIYINHUANGGUANQUWENDINGFAZHANDEXUQIU,HAISHILUOSHI“YIRENWEIBEN”,YIXINYIYIWEIQUNZHONGFUWUDEGUANJIANBIAOXIAN。

                              YOUCITICHULECHUANGJIAN“YINHUANGQUSHOUCHENSHACHIJINGJITEQU”DEXIANGFA。TEQUJINGJIKAIFAZHENGTIFAZHANZHANLVE:ZAIQUANMIANKAIFA、KEXUESHIYONGTEQUZIYUANDETONGSHI,HANGSHIJICHUCHUANGJIAN。(1)CHUBUXIUJIANGONGLU、YOUDIANYIJISHUIDIANDENGXIANGMU;(2)BUDUANWANSHANCHANYEJIEGOU,CHUBUCHUANGJIANNONGLINMUFUYUYEZHENGTIFAZHANJIDI;(3)CHUBUCHUANGJIANYIKAIFASHIYONGYINHUANGNISHAZIYUANWEIZHONGDIANDEJIANCAIGONGYEQU;(4)CHUBUCHUANGJIANYIGUOPINSHENGCHAN、SHIPINSHENGCHANDENGWEIZHONGXINDENONGFUCHANPINSHENDUSHENGCHANJIDI;(5)CHUBUCHUANGJIANYILIUJIZHENWEIHEXIN,YIFUJINXIANGZHENWEIQIAOLIANGDETEQUSHANGMAOXITONG。

                              3 、结束语

                            星云棋牌官网下载   ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,YINHUANGGUANQUNISHAYUJIDAOZHIGUANQUQUXIDESHUSHUINENGLIJIANGDI,NISHAWENTIYANZHONGYINGXIANGGUANQUDEYUNXINGGUANLIHEKECHIXUFAZHAN,BUDUANTANJIUNISHACHULILIYONGDETUJINGHEFANGSHIYIYIZHONGDA。NISHAJUBEILIANGMIANXING,ZUOHAOYINHUANGGUANQUNISHADECHULIYINGYONG,JINENGGOUGAISHANYINHUANGGUANQUDESHENGTAIHUANJING,YOUNENGGOUJIGUANQUJINGJIJIANSHEDAILAIXIANZHEXIAOYI。

                              参考文献

                              [1]刘培斌,徐建新.引黄灌区水沙资源综合利用的研究[J].华北水利水电学院学报,1996,17(4):15-20.
                              [2]戴清,刘春晶,张治昊,王艳华.浅谈引黄灌区区域泥沙资源化实践中的若干问题[J].水利经济,2007,25(1):51-53.
                              [3]毛伟兵,王景元,张玉明,孙玉霞,林洪孝.小开河引黄灌区泥沙资源的合理利用与优化配置[J].山东农业大学学报:自然科学版,2006,37(2):231-234.
                              [4]周宗军,王延贵.引黄灌区泥沙资源优化配置模型及应用[J].水利学报,2010(9):1018-1023.
                              [5]孙立敏,王晓琳.小开河引黄灌区泥沙资源利用的思考[J].黑龙江水利科技,2017(10):167-169.
                            星云棋牌官网下载   [6]王景萱.关于引黄灌区泥沙资源利用的几点思考[J].农业科技与信息,2019(10):56-57.

                              许生原.关于引黄灌区泥沙资源利用的探讨[J].价值工程,2019,38(34):188-190.
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