星云棋牌官网下载

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                      新时代“三农”问题的重要性与发展思路

                      时间:2019-03-21 来源:蚌埠学院学报 作者:余建杰 本文字数:5838字

                        摘    要:星云棋牌官网下载 在新时代新的历史方位下,立足“三农”问题重要性,从新时代农业、农村发展不充分、不平衡的矛盾出发,探索“农业、农村、农民”发展路径,促进农业、农村发展,为建设美丽乡村,实现乡村振兴提供理论支持和实践支撑。

                        关键词: 新时代; “三农”问题; 发展路径;

                        Abstract: Standing in a new era under the new historical position,based on the importance of "Three Rural Issues" in this paper,it analyzed the New Era of agriculture and rural development which is not sufficient,the contradiction of unbalanced,and explored the "agriculture,countryside and farmers" development path,promoted the development of agriculture.It is in favor of rural areas to build the beautiful countryside,Rural Revitalization,and provides theoretical support and practical support.

                        Keyword: the New Era; "Three Rural Issues" problems; development of path;

                      星云棋牌官网下载   “NONGYE、NONGCUN、NONGMIN”(YIXIAJIANCHENG“SANNONG”)WENTISHIGUANXIDAOGUOJIMINSHENGDEGENBENWENTI,SHIQUANDANGGONGZUOZHONGZHONGZHIZHONG。MIANDUI2020NIANQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUIDEDIYIGEBAINIANFENDOUMUBIAOHEJIANSHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAQIANGGUODEFENDOUMUBIAODUINONGYE、NONGCUNFAZHANDEYAOQIU,GEJIZHENGFUBIXUXIANGFANGSHEFACUJINNONGYENONGCUNFAZHAN,NONGMINZENGSHOU,TUIJINCHENGZHENHUA、NONGYEXIANDAIHUA,BANGZHUNONGMINZENGSHOUZENGCHAN,SHICHENGXIANGRENMINTONGBUMAIRUQUANMIANXIAOKANGSHEHUI,GONGTONGPUXIEJIANSHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAQIANGGUOXINPIANZHANG。

                        1、 新时代历史方位的新起点

                        DANGDESHIJIUDABAOGAOZHICHU:“JINGGUOZHANGQINULI,ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIJINRULEXINSHIDAI,ZHEISHIWOGUOFAZHANXINDELISHIFANGWEI。”[1]10GUANYUXINSHIDAIDEQIDIAN,XUESHULILUNJIEYOUBUTONGKANFA,DANXUEJIEGENGDUODEXUEZHERENWEIXINSHIDAIDELISHIQIDIANSHIDANGDESHIBADA。YEJIUSHISHUO,CONGDANGDESHIBADAQI,WOGUOSHEHUIFAZHANCHUZAIYIGEXINDELISHIQIDIANSHANG,ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIJIUKAISHIJINRULEXINSHIDAI。RUZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDANGSHIZHUANJIASHIZHONGQUANZAIGUANGMINGWANGFABIAOWENZHANGZHICHU:“XINSHIDAIYAOCONGLISHIDEWEIDUJINXINGGUANZHAO,XINSHIDAIJI‘CHENGQIAN’,SHIXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAITEBIESHIGAIGEKAIFANGYILAIQUDEZHONGDACHENGJIUJICHUSHANGKAICHUANGDE,XINSHIDAISHIYOULIANGBIANDAOZHIBIANDEJIEGUO,YOU‘QIHOU’,JIUSHIYAOZAIXINDELISHITIAOJIANXIAJIXUDUOQUZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIWEIDASHENGLI。”ZAIWENZHANGZHONGTAZHICHU:“DANGDESHIJIUDABAOGAOGAODUZONGJIELESHIBADAYILAIWUNIANYIXIJINPINGTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDANGZHONGYANGDAILINGQUANGUORENMIN,QUDELEGAIGEKAIFANGHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEDELISHIXINGCHENGJIU。ZHENGSHILIZUYUZHEIWUNIANJIBUPINGFANDELISHIXINGCHENGJIU,DANGDESHIBADACAICHENGWEIXINSHIDAIDELISHIQIDIAN。”XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZAISHIJIUDABAOGAOZHONGZHICHU:“WUNIANLAIDECHENGJIUSHIQUANFANGWEIDE、KAICHUANGXINGDE。WUNIANLAI,WOMENDANGYIJUDADEZHENGZHIYONGQIHEQIANGLIEDEZERENDANDANG,TICHUYIXILIEXINLINIANXINSIXIANGXINZHANLVE,TUICHUYIXILIEZHONGDAJUCUO,TUIJINYIXILIEZHONGDAGONGZUO,JIEJUELEXUDUOZHANGQIXIANGJIEJUEERMEIYOUJIEJUEDENANTI,BANCHENGLEXUDUOGUOQUXIANGBANERMEIYOUBANCHENGDEDASHI,TUIDONGDANGHEGUOJIASHIYEFASHENGLISHIXINGBIANGE,QUDELEGAIGEKAIFANGHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEDELISHIXINGCHENGJIU。”[1]8ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,LILUNXUESHUJIEGENGDUOXUEZHERENWEI,DANGDESHIBADAYILAIZHEIXIEDASHI、NANSHIDEBANCHENG、DANGHEGUOJIAFAZHANSUOQUDELISHIXINGCHENGJIUSHIGOUCHENGZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIJINRUXINSHIDAIYIDANGDESHIBADAWEILISHIQIDIANDEJICHUXINGYUANYIN,SUOYIXINSHIDAILISHIQIDIANSHIDANGDESHIBADA。

                        2、 新时代背景下“三农”问题的重要地位

                        2.1 、农业农村发展,推进乡村振兴的重要性

                        习近平总书记在不同场合多次强调农业农村发展的重要性。2013年在中央农村工作会议上指出:“中国要强,农村必须强;中国要美,农村必须美;中国要富,农民必须富。” 2015年7月在吉林调研时指出:“任何时候都不能忽视农业,不能忘记农民,不能淡漠农村。”党的十九大报告中进一步指出了农业农村发展的重要性,“农业农村农民问题是关系到国计民生的根本性问题,必须始终把解决好‘三农’问题作为全党工作重中之重。要坚持农业农村优先发展,按照产业兴旺、生态宜居、乡风文明、治理有效、生活富裕的总要求,建立健全城乡融合发展体制机制和政策体系,加快推进农业农村现代化。”[1]32
                       

                      新时代“三农”问题的重要性与发展思路
                       

                        XINSHIDAIBEIJINGXIA,CUJINNONGYENONGCUNFAZHAN,DUIYUSUOXIAOCHENGXIANGFAZHANCHAJU,TUIJINCHENGZHENHUA、NONGYEXIANDAIHUAJIANSHE,JIEJUEXINSHIDAIZHUYAOMAODUNJUYOUZHONGYAODEXIANSHIYIYI。DUIYUWOGUOZHEIYANGYIGENONGCUNMIANJIDA、NONGMINRENKOUDUODEGUOJIALAISHUO,MEIYOUNONGYEDEXIANDAIHUA,JIUBUNENGSHUOWOGUOSHIXIANLEXIANDAIHUA,MEIYOUNONGMINDEGONGTONGFUYU,YEBUNENGSHUOGONGTONGFUYUDEMUBIAOSHIXIANLE。SUOYI,LIZUYUZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIXINSHIDAIXINDELISHIFANGWEI,YAOTUIJINCHENGZHENHUA、NONGYEXIANDAIHUA,CUJINNONGYENONGCUNCHIXUFAZHAN,BANGZHUNONGMINZENGSHOUZHIFU,SHIXIANXIANGCUNZHENXING。

                        2.2 、推进“三农”发展,助力“两个百年奋斗目标”

                        DANGDESHIJIUDAMIAOHUILESHIXIAN“LIANGGEBAINIANFENDOUMUBIAO”DELUXIANTU。DAO2020NIANQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUI,ZAIQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUIDEJICHUSHANG,“WOMENYAOCHENGSHIERSHANGKAIQIQUANMIANJIANSHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAGUOJIAXINZHENGCHENG,XIANGDIERGEBAINIANFENDOUMUBIAOJINJUN。”YI2020NIANWEIQIDIANFENLIANGBUZOU,DIYIBU,“CONG2020-2035NIAN,ZAIQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUIDEJICHUSHANG,FENDOUSHIWUNIAN,JIBENSHIXIANSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUA;RENMINSHENGHUOGENGJIAFUYU,CHENGXIANGQUYUFAZHANCHAJUHEJUMINSHENGHUOSHUIPINGCHAJUXIANZHESUOXIAO,JIBENGONGGONGFUWUJUNDENGHUAJIBENSHIXIAN,QUANTIRENMINGONGTONGFUYUMAICHUJIANSHIBUFA”[1]28;DIERBU,“CONG2035-2050NIAN,ZAIJIBENSHIXIANXIANDAIHUADEJICHUSHANG,ZAIFENDOUSHIWUNIAN,BAWOGUOJIANCHENGFUQIANG、MINZHU、WENMING、HEXIE、MEILIDESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAQIANGGUO。QUANTIRENMINGONGTONGFUYUJIBENSHIXIAN,WOGUORENMINJIANGXIANGYOUGENGJIAXINGFUANKANGDESHENGHUO,ZHONGHUAMINZUJIANGYIGENGJIAANGYANGDEZITAIYILIYUSHIJIEMINZUZHILIN。”[1]29“SHIWEIZHENGSHOU,NONGWEIBANGBEN。”NONGYESHIWOGUODEDIYICHANYE,GUANXIDAOSHISANYIDUORENKOUDECHIFANWENTI,GUANXIDAOERSANCHANYEDEYUANCAILIAOGONGYING,GUANXIZHE“LIANGGEBAINIANFENDOUMUBIAO”SHIXIAN。WOGUOSHINONGYEDAGUO,XIANJIEDUANWOGUOGUOQINGBIAOXIANZHIYIJIUSHINONGCUNMIANJIDA,NONGCUNRENKOUDUO,NONGCUNFAZHANBORUOQIEBUPINGHENG、BUCHONGFEN,MIANDUIZHENONGCUNFAZHANXIANZHUANG,MIANDUIZHE“LIANGGEBAINIANFENDOUMUBIAO”、DANGDESHIJIUDABAOGAOZHONGTICHUDE2020NIANYIHOUXINDE“LIANGBUZOU”FAZHANZHANLVEDUINONGCUN、NONGYEZHICHENGDEYAOQIU,XIANZAINONGYENONGCUNFAZHANXIANZHUANGHAIBUNENGWANQUANZHICHENGJIANSHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAQIANGGUODERENWUMUBIAO,SUOYIYAOZAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIXINSHIDAIBEIJINGXIA,DALIFAZHANNONGYE,JIEJUEHAO“SANNONGWENTI”,ZENGJIANONGMINSHOURU,BANGZHUNONGMINZOUSHANGGONGTONGFUYUZHILU,WEISHIXIAN“LIANGGEBAINIANFENDOUMUBIAO”、WEISHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEZHONGGUOMENGTIGONGQIANGYOULIDEZHICHENG。

                        3 、现阶段我国农业农村发展整体情况及发展不充分、不平衡的表现

                        3.1、 十八大以来我国农业农村发展整体情况

                        DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,BANSUIZHEDANGZHONGYANGQIANGNONGHUINONGZHENGCE,WOGUOSHIXIANLENONGYELIANNIANFENGSHOU、NONGMINSHOURUCHIXUTIGAO、NONGCUNSHEHUIHEXIEWENDINGDEDAHAOJUMIAN。SHEHUIZHUYIXINNONGCUNJIANSHECHENGXIANXINDEMIANMAOHEXINDEQIXIANG,NONGMINDESHENGHUOYOULEHENDATIGAO,NONGYENONGCUNFAZHANDEDAHAOXINGSHIWEIWOGUOJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANQUANJUTIGONGLEJICHUZHICHENG。YUCITONGSHI,WOMENYEYAOQINGXINGDIRENSHIDAO,NONGCUNFAZHANHAIBUCHONGFEN,CHENGXIANGFAZHANBUPINGHENG、BUXIEDIAODEMAODUNHAIBIJIAOTUCHU,NONGMINZENGSHOUGONGFUDERENWUHAIHENJIANJU。

                        DANGDESHIJIUDABAOGAOZHICHU,XINSHIDAIDEZHUYAOMAODUNYIJINGZHUANBIANWEI“RENMINRIYIZENGZHANGDEMEIHAOSHENGHUOXUQIUHEBUPINGHENGBUCHONGFENDEFAZHANZHIJIANDEMAODUN”。MIANDUIXINSHIDAIZHUYAOMAODUNDEBIANHUA,WOMENYAOQINGXINGDIRENSHIDAO,“DANGQIANWOGUOZUIDADEFAZHANBUPINGHENGSHICHENGXIANGFAZHANBUPINGHENG,ZUIDADEFAZHANBUCHONGFENSHINONGCUNFAZHANBUCHONGFEN。XIANZAI,NONGYEFAZHANZHILIANGXIAOYIJINGZHENGLIBUGAO,NONGMINZENGSHOUHOUJINGBUZU,NONGCUNZIWOFAZHANNENGLIRUO,CHENGXIANGCHAJUYIJIUJIAODA。YAOCAIQUCHAOCHANGGUIZHENXINGCUOSHI,ZAICHENGXIANGTONGCHOU、RONGHEFAZHANZHIDUSHEJI、ZHENGCECHUANGXINSHANGXIANGBANFA、QIUTUPO。”[2]209-210

                        3.2 、农业农村发展不充分、不平衡的表现

                        GUANGDANONGCUNDIQUYOUYUDILI、HUANJING、RENWEN、NONGMINZISHENDENGYINSU,JIASHANGYUANYOUFAZHANJICHUBORUO,SHIDEZHENGTIJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANSHUIPINGXIANGDUIJIAODI,NONGCUNFAZHANBUPINGHENG、BUCHONGFENDEMAODUNYIJIUTUCHU,CUJINNONGYEXIANDAIHUAHENONGCUNFAZHANDERENWURENZHONGERDAOYUAN,CHENGXIANGTONGBUMAIRUQUANMIANXIAOKANGSHEHUIRENWUHAIBIJIAOJIANJU。

                      星云棋牌官网下载   XIANJIEDUANNONGYENONGCUNFAZHANBUCHONGFEN、BUPINGHENGDEBIAOXIAN:YISHIGUANGDANONGCUNDIQUCHULESHAOSHUDIFANGJINGJIBIJIAOFADAYIWAI,DABUFENNONGCUNDIQUJINGJIFAZHANXIANGDUIYUCHENGSHILAISHUOLUOHOU,NONGYEXIANDAIHUASHUIPINGJIAODI,NONGMINZENGSHOUZHIFUDEKONGJIANJIAOXIAO。CHENGXIANGFAZHANZAIJIAOYU、YILIAO、WENHUADENGFANGMIANCHAJUJIAODA。SHAOSHUNONGCUNDIQUYOUYUZIRANHUANJINGXIANGDUIELIEDENGYINSUHAICHUYUPINKUNZHUANGTAI,FUPINYALIJIAODA;ERSHIDABUFENNONGCUNDIQUJICHUSHESHIJIANSHEBORUO。XIANJIEDUAN,YIXIENONGCUNDIQUCHULEJIAOTONGTIAOJIANBIYIQIANYOUJIAODAGAISHANZHIWAI,ZAIGONGSHUIGONGDIAN、SHENGTAIHUANJING、WANGLUOZIYUAN、GONGGONGWEISHENG、GONGGONGJIAOTONGDENGFANGMIANYUCHENGSHIYOUCHAJU,YOUDECHAJUHAIBIJIAODA,YUMEIHAOXIANGCUNJIANSHEMUBIAOYECUNYOUYIDINGCHAJU;SANSHICHENGZHENHUASHUIPINGDI。YOUYUYIXIENONGCUNDIQUJINGJILUOHOU,QUEFAGONGSHANGYEZHICHENG,CHENGZHENHUASHUIPINGDI;SISHINONGMINSHOURUSHUIPINGPIANDI。DABUFENNONGCUNDIQUNONGMINSHOURUJIBENSHANGYIKAOYINIANLIANGJIDEZHONGTIANSHOURU,CHUQUHUAFEINONGYAOZHONGZIDENGZHONGDICHENGBEN,LIRUNBUGAO。RUGUOMEIYOUGUOJIADUINONGMINDEBUTIE,YOUDESHENZHIZHIGOUCHENGBEN,NONGYECHANCHUDIZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGYINGXIANGLENONGMINZHONGDIJIJIXING;WUSHINONGCUNJINGSHENWENHUASHENGHUOKUIFA,BUNENGHENHAODIMANZUNONGMINDUIJINGSHENWENHUADEXUQIU。ZAIYIXIEDIFANG,NONGMINCHULENENGSHOUKANDAOYOUXIANDEDIANSHIJIEMUWAI,JIHUMEIYOUQITAWENHUAYULEXIANGMU,JINGSHENWENHUAXINGSHIDANYI,BULIYUXINXINGNONGMINDEPEIYANG;LIUSHINONGCUNJIAOYUSHIYEXIANGDUILUOHOU。NONGCUNZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOXUETIAOJIAN、RUANYINGJIANSHESHIXIANGDUILUOHOU,SHIZIDUIWULILIANGBORUO,JIAOYUSHUIPINGXIANGDUICHENGSHIDI,BULIYUNONGCUNHAIZIDEPEIYANGHEJIAOYU;QISHIZAIYIXIENONGCUNDIQUNONGMINDEKEXUEWENHUASUZHIPUBIANPIANDI,NONGMINZIWOYISHI、ZIZHUYISHI、ZHUTIYISHI、FAZHIGUANNIANDANBO,JI“SANNONG”FAZHANDAILAIYIDINGYINGXIANG,YEBULIYUNONGCUNSHEHUISHENGHUODEHEXIEWENDING。

                        4、 新时代推进“三农”发展实践路径

                      星云棋牌官网下载   MIANDUIGUANGDANONGCUNFAZHANXIANZHUANG,MIANDUIZHENONGCUNFAZHANBUCHONGFEN、BUPINGHENGDEMAODUN,MIANLINZHE2020NIANQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUIDERENWUMUBIAOHEJIANSHEFUQIANG、MINZHU、WENMING、HEXIE、MEILISHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAQIANGGUODEFENDOUMUBIAO,WOMENYAOLIZUYUXINSHIDAIXINDELISHIFANGWEI,ZAIYUANYOUJICHUSHANGJIJITANSUOCUJIN“SANNONG”FAZHANSHIJIANLUJING,DALISHISHIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVE,TUIJINNONGYEXIANDAIHUAFAZHAN、MEILIXIANGCUNJIANSHE,NONGMINZENGSHOUZHIFU,WEISHIXIANLIZU2020NIANSHIJIANDIAN“LIANGGEJIEDUAN”DEFENDOUMUBIAODIANDINGNONGYEWUZHIJICHU。

                        4.1、 深化农业供给侧改革开创农村发展新局面

                        2016NIAN4YUE,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJILAIANHUISHENGSHICHASHIZAIFENGYANGXIANXIAOGANGCUNZHAOKAIDENONGCUNGAIGEZUOTANHUISHANGQIANGDIAOZHICHU“YAOJIANDINGBUYISHENHUANONGCUNGAIGE,JIANDINGBUYIJIAKUAINONGCUNFAZHAN,JIANDINGBUYIWEIHUNONGCUNHEXIEWENDING”。YIFANGMIANTUCHUFAZHANNONGYESHENGCHANLI,TONGSHIYOUYAOBUDUANWANSHANNONGCUNSHENGCHANGUANXI。SHENHUANONGYEGONGJICEGAIGE,YAOTUCHULVSENONGYEFAZHAN,BAYOUZHIYOUJIWUGONGHAILVSENONGCHANPINFANGZAITUCHUWEIZHI。JIADANONGYECHUANGXINLIDU,YOUHUADIAOZHENGNONGYEJIEGOU、NONGCHANPINJIEGOU、JISHUJIEGOU、ZHONGZHIJIEGOUDENG,JINYIBUWANSHANXIANDAINONGYEJINGYINGTIZHI,TIGAONONGYEGONGJITIXIDESHUIPINGHEXIAOYI,ZAIXINDEGENGGAOSHUIPINGSHANGSHIXIANNONGYEGONGXUPINGHENG。

                        4.2、 持续加强农村农业基础设施建设

                        NONGCUNNONGYEJICHUSHESHIJIANSHEXIANGDUIYUCHENGSHIERYANBUTAIWANSHAN,JICHUSHESHIJIANSHEBORUO。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZAI2015NIAN4YUE30RIZAIZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUDI22CIJITIXUEXISHIZHICHU:“YAOWANSHANNONGCUNJICHUSHESHIJIANSHEJIZHI,TUIJINCHENGXIANGJICHUSHESHIHULIANHUTONG、GONGJIANGONGXIANG,CHUANGXINNONGCUNJICHUSHESHIHEGONGGONGFUWUSHESHIJUECE、TOURU、JIANSHE、YUNXINGGUANHUJIZHI,JIJIYINDAOSHEHUICANYUNONGCUNGONGYIXINGJICHUSHESHIJIANSHE。”ZHENGFUYAOJIADAZHENGCEHEZIJINTOURU,BANGZHUNONGCUNZAIJIAOTONG、NONGTIANSHUILIJIBENJIANSHE、HUANJINGZHENGZHI、NONGCUNXUEXIAOYINGJIANJIANSHE、WANGLUODENGFANGMIANJIAQIANGJIANSHEHEWANSHAN,JINYIBUGAISHANNONGCUNJICHUSHESHI,WEICUJINNONGCUNFAZHANHENONGMINZENGSHOUTIGONGYOULIDEYINGJIANBAOZHANG。JIADAGONGGONGSHESHITOURU,WANSHANGONGGONGSHESHIGONGNENG,ZAIJIAOYU、WEISHENG、SHANGFU、XIUXIAN、LAONIANGONGYU、SHEQUFUWUHEWUSHUICHULIDENGGONGGONGSHESHIFANGMIANJIADATOURULIDU,JIANSHEWANSHANGONGGONGSHESHIGONGNENG,JIANSHEWANSHANPEITAOSHESHIZUODAOYOULVHUA、YOULIANGHUA、DAOLUTONGDA、XIASHUIGUANWANGQIQUAN,SHINONGMINHECHENGSHISHIMINYIYANGXIANGSHOUDAOWANSHANDEGONGGONGSHESHIDAILAIDESHENGHUOSHANGDEBIANLI[3]。

                        4.3、 持续加强农民主体意识,培养新型农民

                        SUIZHEWOGUOZHENXINGXIANGCUNZHANLVEDEBUDUANFAZHAN,NONGYEXIANDAIHUASHUIPINGDEBUDUANTIGAOHENONGYECHANYEJIEGOUDEBUDUANDIAOZHENG,GUANGDANONGCUNXUYAOYOUWENHUA、DONGJISHU、YOUTOUNAO、HUIJINGYINGDEXINXINGNONGMIN。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZHICHU:“NONGCUNJINGJISHEHUIFAZHAN,SHUODAODI,GUANJIANZAIREN;YAOTONGGUOFUYUNONGMIN、TIGAONONGMIN、FUCHINONGMIN,RANGNONGYEJINGYINGYOUXIAOYI,RANGNONGYECHENGWEIYOUBENTOUDECHANYE,RANGNONGMINCHENGWEITIMIANDEZHIYE;XIAOKANGBUXIAOKANG,GUANJIANKANLAOXIANG。”

                        XINXINGNONGMINZAINONGYEXIANDAIHUAJINCHENGZHONG,ZAICUJINNONGYENONGCUNFAZHAN,ZAIDAILINGBANGZHUQITANONGMINZENGCHANZENGSHOU,SHIXIANGONGTONGFUYUDEDAOLUSHANGNENGGOUFAHUITAMENTEYOUDEZUOYONG。YAOTIGAONONGMINKEXUEWENHUASUZHI,PEIYANGNONGMINZHUTIYISHI,PEIYUXINXINGNONGMIN。YIYAODALIFAZHANNONGCUNDIQUKEXUEWENHUASHIYE,TIGAONONGMINKEXUEWENHUASUYANG,ZENGQIANGTAMENDEZHUTIYISHI。ERYAOJIADANONGMINPEIXUNLIDU,TIGAOTAMENDEJINENG。SANYAOJIAKUAIPEIYUXINXINGNONGYEJINGYINGZHUTI,XIYINNIANQINGRENWUNONG,PEIYUZHIYENONGMIN,GOUJIANZHIYENONGMINDUIWU,WEINONGYEXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEHENONGYECHIXUJIANKANGFAZHANTIGONGJIANSHIDERENLIJICHUHEBAOZHANG。

                        4.4、 进一步加强农村工作干部队伍建设

                      星云棋牌官网下载   CHONGFENFAHUIYI“DIYISHUJI”WEIDAIBIAODENONGCUNGONGZUOGANBUDUIWUZAICUJINNONGYENONGCUNFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGDEZUOYONG,YAOGAODUZHONGSHINONGCUNGANBUDEPEIYANG、SHIYONGHEDUANLIAN。YAO“PEIYANGDUANZAOYIZHIDONGNONGYE、AINONGCUN、AINONGMIN,NENGHENONGMINDACHENGYIPIANDENONGCUNGONGZUODUIWU。ZHENGFUYAOPEIYUPEIYANGNONGCUNGONGZUODUIWURENYUAN,TIGAOTAMENZHENGCELILUNSHUIPINGHEDAILINGNONGMINZHIFUZENGSHOUDEBENLING。LINGDAOGANBUYAOSHENRUNONGCUN、GUANXINNONGYE、GUANAINONGMIN,XIANXIANGDANGWEIYAOBAZHUYAOJINGLIFANGZAI‘SANNONG’GONGZUOSHANG”。YAOYOUHUANONGCUNJICENGGANBUDUIWUJIEGOU,CONGBIYEDAXUESHENGZHONGXUANCHUYOUXIUCUNGUAN,XUANHAO“DIYISHUJI”,CHUANGZAOLIANGHAODETIAOJIAN,TIGAOTAMENDEDAIYU,BATAMENDENENGLIANGJIFACHULAI,DAILINGNONGMINMAIRUQUANMIANXIAOKANGSHEHUI[2]215。

                        4.5、 大力培育农村市场

                        ZAIWOGUOYIXIENONGCUNDIQUCHULEZHONGZHILIANGSHIWAI,HAIZHONGZHIGUAGUOSHUCAIDENGJINGJIZUOWU,TONGSHIHAIYOUCHUMUYE、YUYEDENGYANGZHICHANYE,JUYOUGUANGKUODESHICHANGQIANLI。DUOYANGHUADEZHONGZHIYEJIEGOUXUYAOGUANGKUODEXIAOSHOUSHICHANG,XIANYOUXIAOSHOUSHICHANGHAIBUNENGMANZUNONGYEFAZHANDEXUQIU。YAOPEIYUNONGMINJINGJIREN,LIYONGWANGLUOJISHUJIJIPEIYUNONGCUNDIANSHANG,KUODANONGCUNXIAOSHOUSHICHANGQIANLI,PEIYUHEKUODANONGCHANPINSHICHANG,BANGZHUNONGMINBANONGCHANPINMAICHUQU,BANGZHUNONGMINZENGSHOUZHIFU[4]。

                        4.6、 调整农业结构,促进农村产业融合发展

                      星云棋牌官网下载   LIZUYUNONGCUNXIANYOUTIAOJIANHEZIYUAN,TUIJINNONGYEJIEGOUDIAOZHENG,MIAOZHUNSHICHANGXUQIUDIAOZHENGZHONGZHIYEJIEGOU。“CUJINNONGCUNYIERSANCHANYERONGHEFAZHAN,ZHICHIHEGULINONGMINJIUYECHUANGYE,TUOKUANZENGSHOUQUDAO” “QIANGHUAZHILIANGXINGNONG,TUIJINNONGYEBIAOZHUNHUASHENGCHAN、QUANCHENGHUAJIANGUAN,SHISHINONGYEPINPAIZHANLVE,BAZENGJIALVSEYOUZHINONGCHANPINFANGZAITUCHUWEIZHI,QUANMIANTISHENGNONGCHANPINZHILIANGANQUANSHUIPING”。

                      星云棋牌官网下载   TONGSHI,BAOHUZIYUANHEHUANJING,QUANMIANJIAQIANGNONGYEWURANFANGZHI,NONGYEJIESHUIXINGDONG,TUIJINNONGYELVSEFAZHAN。YIMEILIXIANGCUNJIANSHEWEISHIFAN,YIDIANDAIMIAN,DIANMIANJIEHE,“JIJIFAZHANTESECHANYE、XIUXIANNONGYE、XIANGCUNLVYOU、NONGCUNDIANSHANGDENGXINCHANYEXINYETAI。”[2]214

                        4.7 、继续做好精准扶贫工作,帮助村、户彻底脱贫

                        LUOSHIXIJINPINGJINGZHUNFUPINSIXIANG,JINYIBUZUOHAOJINGZHUNFUPINGONGZUO。JIANJUEDAYINGTUOPINGONGJIANZHAN,RANGNONGMINFUQILAI。ZHENGFUYAOZAIRENYUAN、ZIJIN、ZHENGCEZHIDINGHEZHIXINGSHANGXIAGONGFU,BANGZHUGEBIEPINKUNHU、PINKUNCUNCHEDITUOPIN,ZHEIJISHIYIXIANGZHENGZHIRENWU,YESHIYIXIANGMINSHENGGONGCHENG,SHICUJINCHENGXIANGYITIHUAFAZHANDEZHONGYAOCUOSHI。ZHENGRUXIJINPINGZONGSHUJIJIANGDE,ZAIQUANMIANJINRUXIAOKANGSHEHUIDEZHENGCHENGZHONG,JUEBUNENGRANGYIGECUN、YIGERENDIAODUI,BAOZHENGQUANYUANMAIRUQUANMIANXIAOKANGSHEHUI。

                        5 、结论

                      星云棋牌官网下载   ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIYIJINGJINRUXINSHIDAI,ZAIXINSHIDAIDEZHENGCHENGZHONG,FAZHAN“SANNONG”DEYIYIZHONGDA。WOMENYAOZAIXINSHIDAIXINDELISHIFANGWEITIAOJIANXIA,JIAKUAINONGCUN、NONGYEFAZHANBUFA,SHISHIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVE,WEIQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUIHEJIANCHENGFUQIANG、MINZHU、WENMIN、HEXIE、MEILIDESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAQIANGGUO,WEISHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEZHONGGUOMENGTIGONGQIANGYOULIDEZHICHENG。

                        参考文献

                        [1]习近平.决胜全面建成小康社会夺取新时代中国特色社会主义伟大胜利——在中国共产党第十九次代表大会上的报告[M].北京:人民出版社,2017.
                        [2]十九大报告辅导读本[G].北京:人民出版社,2017.
                        [3]王亚华,苏毅清.乡村振兴——中国农村发展新战略[J].中央社会主义学院学报,2017(6):49-55.
                        [4]熊小林.聚焦乡村振兴战略探究农业农村现代化方略——“乡村振兴战略研讨会”会议综述[J].中国农村经济,2018(1):138-143.

                        余建杰.新时代视阈下“三农”问题发展路径[J].蚌埠学院学报,2019,8(06):86-89.
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