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                    马铃薯生产机械维修工作的不足与对策

                    时间:2018-11-18 来源:内燃机与配件 作者:郝建国 本文字数:2923字

                      摘    要:星云棋牌官网下载 本文基于围场马铃薯机械的维修技术及其质量管理等方面的内容,对其展开分析和探究,为围场马铃薯的机械化发展带来帮助和启发。

                      关键词:星云棋牌官网下载 马铃薯机械; 维修技术; 质量管理; 对策;

                      0、 引言

                      WEICHANGMALINGSHUNIANBOZHONG75WANMU,CONGZHONGDAOSHOUSHIXIANQUANCHENGJIXIEHUA,QUANXIANXIANYOUNONGJIZHUANYEHEZUOSHEDENGMALINGSHUSHENGCHANSHEHUIHUAFUWUZUZHI21JIA。QUANXIANNONGJIZONGDONGLI82.5WANQIANWA,QUANXIANTUOLAJIBAOYOULIANG22155TAI,ZONGDONGLI38.56WANQIANWA,QIZHONG:DAZHONGTUO8144TAI,ZONGDONGLI28.41WANQIANWA,TUOLAJIPEITAONONGJU17412TAITAO,QIZHONG:DAZHONGXING3820TAITAO。XIANNEIYOUWEINONG、JUNONG、YUANNONG、CHUNLIN、HUARAN、FUYUEDA、WEICHANGNONGJIPEIJIANDENG7JIASHENGCHANMALINGSHUZHONGZHIJIJUDECHANGJIA。ZAIJUTIDEMALINGSHUSHENGCHANZUOYEDANGZHONG,WANGWANGHUIYOUYUCAOZUOBUDANGHUOZHESHIWEIHUBUDAOWEIERZHISHIJIXIECHUXIANGEZHONGGEYANGDEGUZHANGHEWENTI,YINCIDANGYUJIANZHEIYANGDEWENTIHEGUZHANGSHI,JIUYAOLIYONGXIANJIN、CHENGSHUDEWEIXIUJISHU,BINGJISHI、JIJICAIQUYINGDUICUOSHIDUIZHILIANGGUANLIGONGZUOJINXINGGAIJIN,ZHIYOUZHEIYANGCAINENGGOUCHONGFENDIFAHUICHUMALINGSHUJIXIEDEZUOYONG。

                      1、 现阶段围场马铃薯机械维修工作存在的不足分析

                      1.1、 维修工作本身素质较低

                      ZAIMALINGSHUJIXIESHEBEICHUXIANGUZHANGHOU,ZAIDADUOSHUQINGKUANGXIA,DOUSHICAOZUORENZIJIWEIXIUSHEBEIDE,ZHEIYANGQUESHISHIKEYIJIANGDIWEIXIUFEIYONGDE,DANSHIPUTONGNONGMINTONGCHANGSHIMEIYOUJIESHOUGUOXIANGGUANPEIXUNDE,SUOYIYESHIYIKAOZIJIDEJINGYANJINXINGWEIXIUDE,ZHEIJIUHUIZAOCHENGWEIXIUXIAOGUOBIJIAOCHADEJIEGUO,SHIYONGYIDUANSHIJIANZHIHOU,HAISHIHUIZAICICHUXIANGUZHANGDE,SHENZHIYEKENENGYOUYUWEIXIUCAOZUODEBUGUIFANERCHUXIANYIXIEQITADEWENTI。

                      1.2、 维修技术比较落后

                      DANGQIANMALINGSHUJIXIEDEWEIXIUJISHUSHIJIDEGONGZUODANGZHONG,XUDUOWEIXIURENYUANYIRANCAIYONGCHUANTONGDEMALINGSHUJIXIESHEBEIWEIXIUFANGFA。BIRU,ZAIMALINGSHUJIXIEGUZHANGJIANCEZHEIYIHUANJIEGUOCHENGZHONG,YIXIEWEIXIURENYUANZONGSHIXIGUANYUANZHAOZISHENGUANCHADEZHUANGKUANGDUIGUZHANGJINXINGZIXINGPANDUAN。ZHEIYANGDEJIANCEFANGFASUIRANDUIYUYIXIEBIJIAOXIAODEGUZHANGSHIKEYIDADAOXIAOGUOBINGQIENENGGOUJIESHENGJIAODUODESHIJIAN,DANZAIYUJIANYIXIEDAXINGGUZHANGSHI,SHIHENNANFAHUICHUZUOYONGDE,ZHEIJIUHUIDUINONGYEJIXIEWEIXIUDEZHENGTIXIAOGUOCHANSHENGFEICHANGDADEYINGXIANG。

                      1.3、 维修设备较为老旧

                      当前许多马铃薯机械检测时,维修技术更新速度都是相对较慢的,设备也是比较落后的,并且很多都是使用旧的维修设备和方法,所以驾驶员在判断故障时,通常都是依照自身的观察来进行判断,甚至一些时候在设备运行时只是根据声音判断是否存在异常。相关的检修工作是很难彻底而全面的进行的。
                     

                    马铃薯生产机械维修工作的不足与对策
                     

                      1.4、 某些维修网点不具备运营资质

                      MUQIAN,NENGGOUTIGONGMALINGSHUJIXIEWEIXIUDEWANGDIANYOUHENDUODOUSHIBUJUBEIYUNYINGZIZHIDE,YINWEIZHEIXIEWANGDIANZHONGDENONGJIWEIXIUJISHURENYUANDADUOSHUDOUMEIYOUJINGGUOXITONGXING、ZHUANYEXINGDEJINENGPEIXUN,XIANGGUANZHUANYEZHISHIBIJIAOKUIFA,DUIHENDUODEMALINGSHUJIXIEDEYUNXINGYUANLIDOUMEIYOUBIYAODELEJIEHERENSHI,ZHEIJIUHUIDUIMALINGSHUJIXIEWEIXIUZHILIANGZAOCHENGJIAODAYINGXIANG。

                      2 、马铃薯机械维修的技术要求

                      2.1、 保证马铃薯机械的润滑度

                      RICHANGBAOYANGNONGYEJIXIESHIKEYIYOUXIAOJIANGDISHEBEICHUXIANGUZHANGJILVDE,DUIYUMOSUNJIAOWEIYANZHONGDEWEIZHI,YIDINGYAOJISHIGENGHUANRUNHUAYOU,BINGDINGQIDUILINGJIANDEMOSUNQINGKUANGJINXINGJIANCHA,QUERENQIMOSUNCHENGDUSHIFOUNENGGOUMANZUZHENGCHANGSHIYONGDEXUQIU。HAIYAOJISHIGENGHUANNEIXIEDAOZHIFENGXIANHEGUZHANGCHUXIANDELINGJIAN,ZHEIJIUKEYIQIESHITIGAONONGJISHIYONGDEWENDINGCHENGDU。LINGWAI,HAIYINGGAIQUEBAORUNHUAYOUDEQINGJIECHENGDU,ZAIGENGHUANRUNHUAYOUSHI,YIDINGYAOJIANGLINGJIANNEIBUDEZAZHIHELAJIQINGLICHULAI,JINERTIGAORUNHUAXIAOGUO,DADAOYOUXIAOJIANSHAOMOCADEMUDE。WEIXIURENYUANZAIXUANZERUNHUAYOUSHI,YAOQUANMIANKAOLVNONGYEJIXIESHEBEIZISHENDEQINGKUANG,BINGYINGGAIANZHAOJIJIEDEBUTONGLAIXUANZEBUTONGDERUNHUAYOU,SHIBUNENGGOUQINGYIGENGHUANDE。ZUIHOU,HAIYINGYANGEBAKONGRUNHUAYOUZHILIANG,DUINEIXIEZHILIANGBUHEGEDERUNHUAYOU,SHIYIDINGYAODUJUEDE。

                      2.2 、确保马铃薯机械操作的规范性

                      ZAIRUJINDEMALINGSHUSHENGCHANZHONG,YOUHENDUONONGJIGUZHANGDOUSHIYOUYUJIASHIYUANCAOZUOBUGUIFANSUOZAOCHENGDE,SUOYI,WEILENENGBAOZHANGHELISHIYONGMALINGSHUJIXIE,JIUYAOQIUJIASHIYUANYANGEANZHAOQIGUIFANBIAOZHUNCAOZUONONGJISHEBEI。BINGQIEZAICAOZUOQIAN,JIASHIYUANHAIYINGGAIDUINONGJIYUANLI、QIGEFANGMIANDEXINGNENGHEGONGNENGYIJICAOZUOLIUCHENGDENGJINXINGQUANFANGWEIDELEJIE,CAINENGGOUFANGZHICAOZUOBUDANGJINERDUINONGJISHEBEIZAOCHENGDEBUBIYAODESUNHUAI。ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,YIDINGYAOSHENZHONGXUANZEMALINGSHUJIXIEJIASHIYUAN。MALINGSHUJIXIEZAIQIDONGZHIQIAN,SHOUXIANYINGDANGDUILENGQUEYEHEJIYOUDENGJINXINGJIANCHA,RUGUOBUZUYAOJISHIJINXINGBUCHONG。QIDONGHOU,YAOJINXINGYIDUANSHIJIANDEDISUYURE,SHIDEJIYOUHELENGQUEYEDADAOZHENGCHANGGUIFANYAOQIUDEWENDU,ZHEISHINENGGOUBIMIANMALINGSHUJIXIEYUNZHUANGUOCHENGZHONGCHUXIANCHAOFUHEXIANXIANGDEYIZHONGCAOZUOSHOUDUAN。

                      2.3 、做好马铃薯机械故障应急维修工作

                    星云棋牌官网下载   MALINGSHUJIXIEGUZHANGDEWEIXIUXUYAOBAOZHENGZHENGQUEXUANZEXIULIFANGFA。MALINGSHUDADUOSHUSHIHUWAIGONGZUOSHEBEI,CHANGCHANGHUICHUXIANYIXIETUFAXINGDEGUZHANG,YIDANCHUXIANTUFAXINGGUZHANG,GOUMAIPEIJIANSHIBIJIAOKUNNANDE,DANGCHANGJINXINGZHENGXIUDENANDUYESHIBIJIAODADE,ZHEIJIUXUYAOWEIXIURENYUANJUYOUSUIJIYINGBIANDENENGLI。ZAIJINXINGMALINGSHUJIXIEGUZHANGYINGJIWEIXIUSHI,JIUKEYISHIDANGYUNYONGLINGJIANHUANYONGFA、LINGJIANXIULIFAYIJILINGJIANQIZHIFADENGWEIXIUFANGFA。DUIYUYIXIECHUXIANSUNHUAIDEJIXIELINGBUJIAN,WEIXIURENYUANJIUNENGGOUJIANGTAMENNADAOFUJINDEWEIXIUCHANGXIUFU。RUOSHIJIXIELINGBUJIANSUNHUAIBIJIAOYANZHONG,ZAILINGBUJIANJIEGOUYUNXUDEQINGKUANGXIA,JIUKEYISHIDANGQIECHUMOSUNYANZHONGDEBUFEN,ZHONGXINZHIJIAN,ZAITONGGUOHANJIEDENGHELIDEBANFALAIGUDINGYIXIA。

                      3、 农机维修质量管理的有效策略

                      3.1、 对农机维修人员开展系统专业培训

                    星云棋牌官网下载   NONGJIWEIXIURENYUANDEZHUANYESHUIPINGSHIYINGXIANGMALINGSHUJIXIEWEIXIUZHILIANGDEZHONGYAOYINSUZHIYI,SUOYIYIDINGYAOZHONGSHIDUIZHUANYEWEIXIURENYUANZHUANYESUZHIDETISHENG,TONGGUOXITONGERZHUANYEDEPEIXUNLAIPEIYANGWEIXIURENYUANDEZHUANYESHUIZHUN,RANGTAMENZHANGWOGENGDUOGENGJIAXIANJINDENONGJIWEIXIUJISHU。ZAIJUTISHISHIDEGUOCHENGDANGZHONG,YOUYUKAOLVDAOWOXIANNONGCUNDIQUDESHIJIQINGKUANG,DINGQIZUZHICONGYERENYUANXIAXIANGDUINONGMINMENJINXINGZHUANYEJINENGHEWEIXIUZHISHIPUJIHEPEIXUN,WEINONGCUNMALINGSHUJIXIEWEIXIUGONGZUODIANDINGJIANSHIDEJICHU。JINJINIANLAI,WOXIANNONGJIJIANLIJIGOU、NONGJIPEIXUNJIGOUGONGZUZHINONGJIWEIXIUPEIXUN6000RENCI。

                      3.2、 加强农机维修法规宣传工作

                      MALINGSHUJIXIESHENGCHANANQUANSHIGUANJIANHUANJIE。WOGUOZHENDUINONGYEJIXIEWEIXIUBANBUBINGSHISHILE《NONGYEJIXIEWEIXIUGUANLIBANFA》HE《NONGYEJIXIEWEIXIUKAIYEJISHUTIAOJIAN》,ZHEILIANGZEFAGUIDOUSHINENGGOUTIXIANCHUZHENGFUDUIMALINGSHUNONGJIWEIXIUGUANLIGONGZUOJIANGUANHEZHICHIDE。DIFANGMALINGSHUJIXIEZHUGUANBUMENBIXUYAOJIANGDUOZHONGBUTONGDECENGCIYUXINGSHIYUNYONGQILAI,QUANXIANJIAQIANGXUANCHUANGONGZUO,QUEBAONONGJIWEIXIUGONGZUONENGGOUYANGEANZHAOXIANGGUANDEFAGUIJINXING,SHIXIANMALINGSHUJIXIEWEIXIUSHUIPINGDETIGAO。JINJINIANWOXIANNONGJIJIANLIJIGOUGONGFAFANGNONGJIFAGUIMINGBAIZHI20000YUZHANG。

                      3.3、 加强农机设备更新配件管理水平

                    星云棋牌官网下载   JIAQIANGJIANCHA,PAICHUYINHUAN。ZAIJINXINGMALINGSHUJIXIEWEIXIUZHILIANGGUANLIDEGUOCHENGDANGZHONG,YIDINGYAOJIAQIANGDUIJISHUJIANCEHUANJIEDEZHONGSHICHENGDU,YAODINGQIZUZHIMALINGSHUJIXIEWEIXIUJIANGUANRENYUANDUIGEGEWEIXIUWANGDIANDEWEIXIUSHEBEIJIANCHAGONGZUO,JISHIFAXIANBINGCHULIYIXIEBUFUHEYAOQIUDEWEIXIUSHEBEIHUOZHECHAOGUOBAOFEINIANXIANDESHEBEIPEIJIAN,JINGCHANGXINGDEDUCUWEIXIUWANGDIANFUZERENGENGXINZHEIXIEPEIJIAN,QIESHITIGAONONGJIWEIXIUZHILIANG。

                      3.4、 加强对马铃薯机械维修市场的监管

                      DUOCUOBINGJU,JIAQIANGJIANGUAN,GUIFANMALINGSHUJIXIESHICHANGZHIXU。WEILENENGGOUGOUJIANYITAOWANBEIDEMALINGSHUJIXIEWEIXIUTIXI,WOXIANNONGJIXIANGGUANZHUGUANBUMENBIXUYAOJIAQIANGDUINONGJIWEIXIUSHICHANGDEJIANGUANLIDU,LIANHEXIANSHICHANGJIANDUGUANLIJU,TEBIESHIDUIYUYIXIEWUZHENGJINGYINGDENONGJIWEIXIUWANGDIAN,BINGBIXUYAOYANGEANZHAO《MALINGSHUJIXIEWEIXIUGUANLIBANFA》DENGGUIDINGCAIQUXIANGYINGDECHUFA,BINGJISHIXIADAZHENGGAIHUOQUDITONGZHI。

                      4、 结束语

                      SUIZHEWEICHANGMALINGSHUQUANCHENGJIXIEHUADEBUDUANFAZHAN,XIAONONGHU“YIJIHUA”,NONGJIWEIXIUYUELAIYUEZHONGYAO,SUOYIWOMENBIXURENSHIDAOSHEBEIWEIXIUHEZHILIANGGUANLIDEZHONGYAOXING,DUCUXIANGGUANWEIXIURENYUANBUDUANTIGAOZHUANYEJISHUSHUIPING,QIESHITIGAONONGJIWEIXIUZHILIANG。

                      参考文献

                      [1] 舒东.农业机械维修中容易忽视的问题与经验[J].农民致富之友,2016(1):174.
                      [2] 赵友贵.农业机械维修保养现存问题之所思[J].北京农业,2016(2):118-119.
                    星云棋牌官网下载   [3] 张维均.农业机械使用过程中的技术保养与维修[J].农业开发与装备,2015(8):103.

                      郝建国.围场马铃薯机械的维修技术及其质量管理探讨[J].内燃机与配件,2019(20):162-163.
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