星云棋牌官网下载

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                食品添加剂中海藻多糖的应用研究

                时间:2019-01-15 来源:保鲜与加工 作者:侯萍,何进武,刘肖冰 本文字数:4396字

                  摘要:海藻多糖是获取食品添加剂的天然良好原料,琼胶、卡拉胶、海藻酸钠、海藻酸丙二醇酯等海藻多糖在食品添加剂领域有着广泛的应用,对食品工业的发展起到积极促进作用。本文从上述几种海藻的理化性质、功能及目前在食品添加剂领域的应用等几个方面进行综述,并对今后海藻多糖在食品添加剂领域的发展方向和关键性问题提出建议,以期进一步开发海藻多糖功能,促进其在食品添加剂领域有更广泛的应用。

                  关键词:星云棋牌官网下载海藻,海藻多糖,食品添加剂,应用

                食品添加剂论文

                  SHIPINTIANJIAJIDUIYUSHIPINGONGYEDEFAZHANJUYOUZHONGYAODETUIDONGZUOYONG,SHIPINGANGUANGAILIANGHEYINGYANGCHENGFENTIGAODENGDOUXUYAOYITUOSHIPINTIANJIAJIDEFAZHAN。JINJINIAN,SHIPINTIANJIAJIZAILAIYUAN、ZHONGLEI、GONGNENG、XIAOGUODENGFANGMIANBUDUANJINBU,HAIYANGHAIZAOYEZHUJIANCHENGWEIHUOQUSHIPINTIANJIAJIDEZHONGYAOLAIYUAN,RUQIONGJIAOHEHAIZAOSUANYANDENGHAIZAODUOTANGYICHENGWEISHIPINTIANJIAJIZHONGDEZHONGYAOCHENGYUAN,ZAISHIPINGAILIANGHEXINSHIPINYANFADENGFANGMIANFAHUIZUOYONG。BENWENJIUMUQIANYANJIUJIAODUODEHAIZAODUOTANGLEISHIPINTIANJIAJIDEZHONGLEI、LIHUAXINGZHIHEYINGYONGDELINGYUJINXINGZONGSHU。

                  1 用于食品添加剂的海藻多糖

                  HAIZAODUOTANG,TEZHIHAIZAOZHONGSUOHANYOUDEGEZHONGGAOFENZITANSHUIHUAHEWU,HAIZAODUOTANGCHENGFENFUZA,SHIHAIZAOXIBAOBIDEZHONGYAOZUCHENG。GENJUQILAIYUANKEFENWEIHONGZAODUOTANG、LVZAODUOTANG、HEZAODUOTANGHELANZAODUOTANG,QIZHONGHEZAO、HONGZAOZHONGHAIZAODUOTANGHANLIANGJIAOGAO,HEZAODUOTANGDEZHONGLEIHESHULIANGZUIDUO。HAIZAODUOTANGZHONGLEIFENGFU,YOUQIONGJIAO、KALAJIAO、HONGZAODIANFEN、HEZAODIANFEN、MUJUTANG、GANLUJUTANG、PUJUTANG、LIUSUANDUOTANG、HAIZAOXIANWEIDENG[1]。

                星云棋牌官网下载   1.1 QIONGJIAO

                星云棋牌官网下载   QIONGJIAOYEJIAOQIONGZHI,MUQIANZHUYAOCONGHONGZAOZHONGHUOQU,SHIHUACAI、JIANGLI、NINGHUACAI、ZICAIDENGHAIZAOSHITIQUQIONGJIAODEZHUYAOYUANLIAO[2]。QIONGJIAODEJIBENJIEGOUSHIβ-D-BINANBANRUTANGHE3,6-α-L-BINANBANRUTANGTONGGUOTANGGANJIANLIANJIEXINGCHENGDEDUOTANGLIAN,YOUQIONGZHITANGHEQIONGZHIJIAOLIANGBUFENZUCHENG,JUYOUNINGJIAOXINGDESHIQIONGZHITANGBUFEN;LINGWAIQIONGZHIHAIJUYOUWENDINGXING、ZENGCHOUXINGHEXUANFUXING,ZAISHIPINGONGYEZHONGKEBEIYONGZUONINGJIAOJI、ZENGLIANGJI、ZENGCHOUJI、RUHUAJI、WENDINGJI、FUXINGJI、ZHUXUANJI、SHUIFENBAOCHIJIDENG[3]。QIONGZHIXINGCHENGDENINGJIAOQIANGDUHUISHOUDAOQITAYINSUYINGXIANG,MAYUNDENG[4]YANJIUFAXIAN,QIONGZHINONGDU、LIZIQIANGDU、pH、Na+YUK+MOERBIDENGHUIYINGXIANGNINGJIAODEYINGDUHEDANXING,QIZHONGZUIGUANJIANDEYINSUWEIQIONGZHINONGDU,QIONGZHIDENONGDUYUEDA,XINGCHENGDENINGJIAOQIANGDUYUEDA。

                  1.2 KALAJIAO

                  KALAJIAOJUYOUZHONGFUDE1,3-β-D-BANRUTANGHE1,4-α-D-BANRUTANGERTANGDANYUANJIEGOU。MUQIANDADUOSHUKALAJIAOYIQILINCAIWEITIQUYUANLIAO,GUTIANRANCHANDEKALAJIAOWANGWANGBUSHIJUNYIDEDUOTANG,ERSHIHUNHELEYUANLIAOZHONGDUOZUFENDEHUNHEWU[5]。

                星云棋牌官网下载   KALAJIAONENGGOURONGYURESHUI,JIASHUIZHUFEIJINGLENGQUEHOUXINGCHENGJIAOTI,QIEXINGCHENGDENINGJIAOSHIREKENIXINGDE。KALAJIAOJUYOUNINGGUXING、WENDINGXING、NIANXING,SUOYIZAISHIPINGONGYESHENGCHANSHANGKEYONGZUONINGGUJI、ZENGCHOUJI、RUHUAJI、XUANFUJI、NIANHEJI、CHENGXINGJIHEWENDINGJIDENG,LIANHEGUOLIANGSHIJINONGYEZUZHIHESHIJIEWEISHENGZUZHISHIPINTIANJIAJIZHUANJIAWEIYUANHUIYIQUERENKALAJIAOWEIANQUANWUDUDESHIPINTIANJIAJI。

                星云棋牌官网下载   LINGWAI,JIANGKALAJIAOJINXINGJIANGJIEDEDAODEKALAJIAOGUATANGYINFENZIZHILIANGXIAO,RONGJIEXING、WENDINGXINGHEANQUANXINGJUNYOUSUOTIGAO[6];YOUYANJIUFAXIAN,KALAJIAOGUATANGHAIJUYOUKANGKUIYANG、KANGBINGDU、KANGZHONGLIU、KANGNINGXUEDENGDUOZHONGSHENGWUHUOXING[7,8],YINCIQIZAISHIPINTIANJIAJILINGYUDEYINGYONGYEDEDAOJINYIBUTISHENG,RUWUHAIXIAODENG[9]YANJIUKALAJIAOGUATANGHEJIAOLINSUANNAJINPAOCHULINENGYOUXIAOYIZHILENGDONGXIARENJIEDONGSUNSHILVDEZENGJIA,DUIXIARENZHIGOUTEXINGBAOHUXIAOGUOXIANZHE;HEXINDENG[10]YANJIUFAXIAN,JINGKALAJIAOGUATANGJINPAOCHULIDELENGDONGSHUXIAREN,QIZHENGZHUHEJIEDONGSUNSHILVJIANGDI,KALAJIAOGUATANGZUOWEIYIZHONGDITIANWEI、DIRELIANGDESHUICHANPINKANGDONGJIJUYOULIANGHAODEKAIFAQIANJING。

                  1.3 HAIZAOSUANNA

                  HAIZAOSUANNADEFENZISHIWEI(C6H7O6Na)n,XIANGDUIFENZILIANGZAI32 000~200 000 DZUOYOU,SHIYOUGANLUTANGQUANSUANHEGULUOTANGQUANSUANTONGGUO1,4TANGGANJIANLIANJIEXINGCHENGDEGONGJUWU,ZAIHEZAOZHONGHANLIANGJIAOGAO,GUYECHENGWEIHEZAOSUANNA。HAIZAOSUANNAJUYOULIANGHAODEXISHUI、CHISHUI、CHENGMODENGGONGNENG,QIRONGYEDENIANXINGYUJUHEDUYOUZHIJIEGUANXI,JUHEDUYUEGAO,NIANXINGYUEDA,ZAIpHWEI5~9SHIWENDING[11]。HAIZAOSUANNAMUQIANZHUYAODEYINGYONGYUROUZHIPINJIAGONG、MIMIANZHIPINHEBINGJILINGLENGYINDENG,DUIYUROUWANDENGROUZHIPINKEYIGAISHANCHANPINZHIGOU,TIGAODANXING;DUIYUMIANTIAO、SHUIJIAODENGMIMIANLEIZHIPIN,KEJIANGDIDIANFENHUISHENGLAOHUA,TIGAOMIANTIAO、SHUIJIAODENAIZHUXING[12]。LINGWAI,YINWEIHAIZAOSUANNAJUYOULIANGHAODEYIJUNXINGHECHENGMOXING,JIANGQIKAIFAZUOWEIANQUANKEJIANGJIEDEXINXINGSHIPINBAOXIANJIHUOBAOXIANMOJUYOULIANGHAOQIANJING[13]。

                星云棋牌官网下载   1.4 HAIZAOSUANBINGERCHUNZHI

                  HAIZAOSUANBINGERCHUNZHI(PGA)SHIHAIZAOSUANYUHUANYANGBINGWANJINGZHIHUAFANYINGHOUDEDAODECHANWU,ZHULIANYOUα-L-GULUOTANGQUANSUANHEβ-d-GANLUTANGQUANSUANZUCHENG,XIANGDUIFENZILIANGFANWEIWEI1 900~2 400 kD。

                星云棋牌官网下载   PGARONGYUSHUIXINGCHENGNIANCHOUJIAOTI,SHIYIZHONGXINXINGZENGCHOUJI,LINGWAIYOUYUPGATONGSHIJUYOUQINSHUIDETANGQUANSUANDUANHEQINZHIDEBINGERCHUNDUAN,SUOYIHAIJUYOURUHUAGONGNENG,SHISHIPINYONGWENDINGJIAOTIZHONGWEIYIJUYOUWENDINGHERUHUASHUANGZHONGZUOYONGDETIANRANWENDINGJI[14]。QIQINZHIXINGYUFENZIDEZHIHUADUYOUGUAN,ZHIHUADUYUEGAO,QINZHIXINGYUEQIANG,MUQIANDEYINGYONGZHUYAOSHIZUOWEIRUZHIPINDEZENGCHOUJIHERUHUAJI[15,15],GUOZHIYINLIAO、PIJIUDENGDEWENDINGJI,ZAISHIPINHEYINLIAODESHENGCHANZHONGKEYIBEIYONGZUOWEIYIZHONGXINGNENGYOULIANGDETIANRANQIYUNJI[16]。

                星云棋牌官网下载   1.5 GONGNENGXINGHAIZAODUOTANG

                星云棋牌官网下载   JINJINIANYANJIUFAXIAN,YIXIEHAIZAODUOTANGJUYOUYIJUN、KANGZHONGLIU、KANGYANGHUAHEMIANYIDIAOJIEDENGSHENGLIGONGNENG[17,18,19,20,21,22,23],RUSHUIRONGXINGXIAOFENZIDUOTANGHEDAILIUSUANJITUANDEDUOTANGJUYOUHENHAODEKANGYANGHUAHUOXING[24,25]。CISONGZAODUOTANG、ZICAIDUOTANG、YANGQICAIDUOTANGHEWUGONGZAODUOTANGJUYOULIANGHAODEKANGNINGXUEZUOYONG[26,27,28,29]。HAIDAIDUOTANG、LUOXUANZAODUOTANGHEYANGQICAIDUOTANGNENGGOUDUIJITICHANSHENGMIANYIDIAOJIEZUOYONG,TIGAOMIANYIJINENG,QIEJUYOUKANGZHONGLIUDEHUOXING[30,31,32]。HAIZAOSHANSHIXIANWEIJUYOULIANGHAODEJIANGXUEZHI、JIANGXUETANGGONGXIAO[33,34]。SUOYIJIANGHAIZAODUOTANGZUOWEIZHUYAOCHENGFENDEGONGNENGXINGSHIPINZAIBEIZHUBUDIKAIFAHEYINGYONG。

                  2 海藻多糖在食品添加剂中的主要应用

                星云棋牌官网下载   2.1 ZENGCHOUJI

                星云棋牌官网下载   SHIPINZENGCHOUJIDEZHUYAOZUOYONGTIXIANZAI4GEFANGMIAN:YISHIZENGCHOUZUOYONG,TIGAOSHIPINDENIANDU;ERSHIWENDINGZUOYONG,BAOCHITIXIDEXIANGDUIWENDINGXINGHUOXINGCHENGXUANFUZHUANGTAI;SANSHIJIAONINGZUOYONG,XINGCHENGQINSHUIXINGDENINGJIAOWUZHI;SISHIBAOSHUIZUOYONG,NENGGOUFUYUSHIPINGENGJIANIANRUNHESHIYIDEKOUGAN。

                  SHIPINGONGYEZHONGZENGCHOUJIDETIQUYUANLIAOZHUYAOLAIZIYUDONGWU、WEISHENGWU、ZHIWU、HAIZAOLEI,LINGWAIHAIYOUYITIANRANWUZHIWEIYUANLIAOJINGRENGONGHECHENGDEZENGCHOUJI。QIZHONGYIHAIZAOWEIYUANLIAODEZENGCHOUJISHIYONGZUIDUODESHIQIONGJIAO、KALAJIAOHEHAIZAOSUANNA3DALEI。QIONGJIAODETEDIANSHIDINONGDUJIKEXINGCHENGNINGJIAO[35],SHIREKENIJIAOTI,QININGJIAOJIANSHI、YINGDUJIAOGAO,QUEDIANSHICUIXINGDA、TOUMINGDUDI、NIANDANXINGCHA、YIFASHENGTUOYESHOUSUODENG;KALAJIAOZHIZUONINGJIAOZAISHIWENXIAJIKENINGGU,NINGJIAOCHENGBANGUTIZHUANG,TOUMINGDUHAO,ERQIEBUYIDAOTA,SHIZHIZUOGUODONGDEYIZHONGJIHAODENINGGUJI;HAIZAOSUANNAJIAONINGTIAOJIANDI,XINGCHENGREBUKENIXINGJIAOTI,TEBIESHIYONGYURENZAOSHIPIN,YONGZUOWENDINGJISHIYONGYIBANJIARUBINGQILINDENGLENGYIN、RUZHIPIN、BEIKAOSHIPINZHONG,NONGDUYIBANWEI0.1%~0.3%[11]。

                  HAIZAOSUANBINGERCHUNZHIYUHAIZAOSUANYANXIANGBIKANGYANXINGQIANG,JISHIZAINONGDIANJIEZHIRONGYEZHONGYEBUHUIYANXI。LINGWAIPGAQINYOUXINGDA,RUHUAWENDINGXINGHAO,ZAIJIASHANGQIBENSHENpHWEI3~4ZHIJIAN,NAISUANXINGHAO,NENGYOUXIAODIYINGYONGYUSUANNAI、RUSUANYINLIAODENGDIpHDERUZHIPINZHONGYONGZUORUHUAJIHEWENDINGJI[36]。TONGSHI,PGAYOUHENGAODEFAPAONENGLI,KEYINGYONGYUPIJIUPAOMOWENDINGJI[37]。

                  ZONGTIERYAN,SHANGSHUJIZHONGHAIZAODUOTANGYONGYUZENGCHOUJIDESHIYONGGEYOUQIYOUQUEDIAN,SUIZHEDUIGEZHONGJIAOTININGJIAOJILIHENINGJIAOQIANGDUYINGXIANGYINSUDENGFANGMIANYANJIUDESHENRU,YOUYANJIUFAXIAN,TONGGUOJIZHONGSHIPINJIAODEHUNHESHIYONGHUODUISHIPINJIAOJINXINGGAIXINGDEFANGFA,KEHUODEGENGJIALIXIANGNINGJIAODEZHUANGTAI。RULIUSHILINDENG[38]YANJIUFAXIAN,TIANJIAYIDINGLIANGDELVHUAJIA、MUTANGCHUN、ZHETANGKEZENGDAQIONGZHININGJIAOQIANGDU;TIANJIA15%MOYUJIAO、5%KALAJIAOHE10%CIHUAIDOUJIAOKEYUQIONGZHICHANSHENGXIETONGZENGXIAOZUOYONG。

                星云棋牌官网下载   2.2 BAOXIANJI

                  YANJIUFAXIAN,HAIZAODUOTANGJUYOULIANGHAODECHENGMOXING、YIJUNHEKANGBINGDUHUOXING、KANGYANGHUAXING,YONGYUZHIZUOGUOSHU、ROUZHIPINHESHUICHANPINDENGDETUMOBAOXIANJI,NENGGOUZUGEWEISHENGWUBINGYIZHIQISHENGZHANGHEFANZHI,JIANSHAOSHENGXIANSHIPINDESHUAILAOHESHUIFENZHENGFA,JUYOUBAOCHISHIPINDEXINXIANDUJIPINZHIDEZUOYONG[39]。

                  MUQIANJINGSHIYANZHENGMINGJUYOULIANGHAOBAOXIANXIAOGUODEHAIZAODUOTANGYOUHAIZAOSUANNA[40]、SHICHUNDUOTANG[41]、HAIDAIDUOTANG[42]、WUGONGZAODUOTANG[43]、ZICAIDUOTANG[44]、MAWEIZAODUOTANG[45]DENG,HAIZAODUOTANGDETIANJIALIANGTONGCHANGWEI0.4%~2%。HAIZAOSUANNASHIMUQIANYANJIUZUIDUODEHAIZAODUOTANGTUMOBAOXIANJI,JUYOULAIYUANGUANGFAN、YIHUOQU、CHENGBENDILIANHEBAOXIANXIAOGUOHAODETEDIAN。YUXINAIDENG[46]YONGHAIZAOSUANNAHEZHETANGJIJUHEWUTUMOYEDUIHUOLONGGUOJINPAOCHULI,SHIDEHUOLONGGUOCHANGWEN(29~31℃)ZHUZANGQIDADAO8~9 d,BIDUIZHAOYANZHANG2~4 d;ZHANGCHUSHUDENG[47]YANJIUYIHAIZAOSUANNAHEZISUQUANWEIYUANLIAO,TONGGUOXUNZHENGDEFANGSHIDUIHUASHENGJINXINGTUMOCHULI,FAXIANHAIZAOSUANNANONGDU6 mg/mL,ZISUQUAN0.015 mg/mLDEFUHETUMONENGGOUJIAOHAODIYIZHIHUASHENGHUANGQUMEIJUNSHENGZHANGHUOXING,QIDAOFANGKONGHUANGQUMEIDUSUWURANDEZUOYONG。CONGXIANGGUANSHUJULAIKAN,JINLIANGNIANZAIGUOSHUBAOXIANJIYANJIUFANGMIAN,WOGUOYIHEZAOSUANNAZUOWEICHENGMOWUZHIDEYANJIUHEYINGYONGFANGMIANCHENGGUOTUCHU[48],JIANGLAIHAIHUIYOUGENGDUODEHAIZAODUOTANGYINGYONGYUSHIPINBAOXIANZHONG,QIZUOWEIXINXINGCHENGMOJIHEBAOXIANJIQIANLIJUDA。

                  2.3 YINGYANGQIANGHUAJI

                  YINGYANGQIANGHUAJIZHUYAOFENWEIWEISHENGSU、KUANGWUZHI、ANJISUANSANDALEI,CHUCIYIWAIHAIYOUQITAYINGYANGSULEI,QIZHONGCONGHAIZAOZHONGTIQUDEYINGYANGQIANGHUAJIZHUYAOSHIHAIZAOSHANSHIXIANWEIHEHAIZAOSUANYANLEI,TIANJIALEHAIZAOSHANSHIXIANWEIDESHIPIN,NENGGOUFAHUICHUJIANGXUEZHI、JIANGXUETANGDEGONGXIAO。BIRU,XIONGSHUANGDENG[34]YANJIUBIAOMING,YIHAIZAOSHANSHIXIANWEIWEIZHU,YICHUANTONGJIANGZHIZHONGYAOSHANZHA、JIAOGULAN、ZEXIEWEIFUDEGONGNENGSHIPINYOUJIAOHAODEJIANGXUEZHIZUOYONG;LIUSHASHADENG[49]TONGGUOSHENGWUFAJIAOJISHU,YONGLUOXUANZAOHEQUANZHINAIFENWEIYUANLIAOSHENGCHANLEYIZHONGTIANRANBAOJIANRUYINLIAO;SHENGWENSHENGDENG[50]YONGHAIDAIHEFENGMIWEIYUANLIAOYANZHILEXINXINGHAIDAILIFENGMIKOUFUYE。ZHEILEITIANJIAHAIZAOHUOXINGCHENGFENDEXINXINGSHIPIN,BUJINBAOLIUYOUYUANSHIPINDEYINGYANGCHENGFEN,TONGSHIHAIZAOFUYULESHIPINTIGAOMIANYILI、KANGAI、KANGBINGDUDENGBAOJIANGONGNENG。

                星云棋牌官网下载   YIHAIZAODUOTANGZUOWEISHIPINYINGYANGQIANGHUAJIDEGONGNENGSHIPIN、JIANKANGSHIPINYOUHENDADESHICHANGXUQIU,HAIZAOSHANSHIXIANWEIJIANGSHIWEILAIYINGYANGQIANGHUAJIFAZHANDEYIGEXINFANGXIANG。

                  3 展望

                星云棋牌官网下载   WOGUOHENZHONGSHIHAIZAOCHANYEDEFAZHAN,JINJINIANDUIHAIZAODEYANJIUYEZAIZHUJIANSHENRU,HAIZAOLIANGHAODEANQUANXINGHEJUYOUDEJIAONINGXING、CHENGMOXING、KANGYANGHUAXING、YIJUNXINGDENGTEXING,SHIDEQICHENGWEIHUOQUSHIPINTIANJIAJIDETIANRANLIANGHAOLAIYUAN;CHUHAIZAODUOTANGWAIJINHOUJIANGHUIYOUGENGDUOHAIZAOHUOXINGCHENGFENYONGYUSHIPINTIANJIAJI,BIRUCONGCUIHONGWANGZAOZHONGFENLIDEDAODEYINDUOEZUOLEIWUZHI[51]、HAIZAODUOFENLEIWUZHISHIYOULIANGDETIANRANKANGYANGHUAJI,HAIZAOFENGFUDEKUANGWUZHIHEANJISUANNENGGOUZUOWEIYINGYANGQIANGHUAJIDENG,HAIZAOZUOWEISHIPINTIANJIAJIDEHUOQUYUANLIAOJUYOUJUDADEQIANLI。

                  JIANGHAIZAOZUOWEITIQUSHIPINTIANJIAJIDEYUANCAILIAO,XUYAOGUANZHUQISHIYONGJILIANGHEANQUANXINGWENTI。GUONEIWAIXIANGGUANZUZHIDUIHAIZAOTIQUWUZUOWEISHIPINTIANJIAJIDEANQUANXINGHESHIYONGJILIANGLUXUJINXINGQUEREN,2017NIAN11YUE,OUMENGSHIPINANQUANJUFABUHAIZAOSUAN、HAIZAOSUANYANZUOWEISHIPINTIANJIAJIWUANQUANFENGXIAN,KEYIYONGYUYIXILIESHIPIN,QIEMEIYOUXIANZHIHAIZAOSUAN、HAIZAOSUANYANDEMEIRIXUKESHERULIANG。SHIJIEWEISHENGZUZHISHIPINTIANJIAJILIANHEZHUANJIAWEIYUANHUI2016NIAN6YUEPIZHUNHAIZAOSUANGAIKEZUOWEIZENGCHOUJIYONGYUSHIPIN,QIEMEIRIYUNXUSHERULIANGWEI“BUXUYAOXIANDING”。

                  YUHAIZAOZISHENDEANQUANXINGBUTONG,LAIZIHAIZAODESHENGZHANGHUANJINGZEDUIHAIZAODEANQUANXINGDAILAIYIDINGWEIXIE。YINWEIZAOLEIDEFUJINENGLIHENQIANG,HAISHUIZHONGDEZHONGJINSHU、DUOLVLIANBENHEYAOWUCANLIUDENGHUIZAIHAIZAOZHONGCHANSHENGFUJI,SHIDEHAIZAOCHENGWEIHAIYANGHUANJINGZHONGDE“SHENKU”,HUITONGGUOHAISHUIFUJISHEN[52];HAIZAODUIDUOLVLIANBENDEFUJIKEDA1 000BEIZUOYOU[53]。SUOYIWEIBAOZHENGHAIZAOSHIYONGDEANQUANXING,RANGQIZAISHIPINGONGYEZHONGFAHUIGENGDUODEZUOYONG,WOMENYINGCONGYUANTOUZHUAQI,DUIHAIZAOYANGZHIHESHENGZHANGDEHUANJINGJINXINGYANGEDEJIANCEHEKONGZHI。

                  参考文献
                  [1]田鑫,李秀霞,吴科阳,等.海藻多糖提取纯化及生物活性的研究进展[J].食品与发酵科技,2015,51(6):81-85.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-506X.2015.06-018.
                  [2]金骏,林美娇.海藻利用与加工[M].北京:北京科学出版社,1993:157-160.
                  [3]李琴梅,戚勃.琼脂的物化特性及其在食品工业中的应用[J].中国食品添加剂,2009(6):170-174.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1006-2513.2009.06.033.
                  [4]马云,杨玉玲,杨震,等.琼脂凝胶质构特性的研究[J].食品与发酵工业,2007,33(9):24-27.DOI:10.13995/j.cnki.11-1802/ts.2007.09.016.
                星云棋牌官网下载   [5]胡亚芹,竺美.卡拉胶及其结构研究进展[J].海洋湖沼通报,2005(1):94-100.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1003-6482.2005.01.017.

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