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              学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 社会学论文 > 食品安全论文

              浅谈食品加工中的污染及安全检验

              时间:2019-01-15 来源:黑龙江科学 作者:刘秉刚,马旭 本文字数:2936字

                摘要星云棋牌官网下载:当前我国食品安全问题频发, 法律法规、食品安全管理体系中对食品接触材料的安全性关注度不够, 注重食品接触材料的清洁卫生控制, 对食品接触材料的污染迁移控制缺乏关注和有效的安全检测手段。通过对食品接触材料适宜性分析, 提出了应建立完善体系管理, 综合促进危害分析。

                关键词星云棋牌官网下载:食品加工,污染,安全检验

              食品加工论文

              星云棋牌官网下载   DANGQIANWOGUOSHIPINANQUANWENTIPINFA,FALVFAGUI、SHIPINANQUANGUANLITIXIZHONGDUISHIPINJIECHUCAILIAODEANQUANXINGGUANZHUDUBUGOU,ZHONGSHIPINJIECHUCAILIAODEQINGJIEWEISHENGKONGZHI,QINGSHIPINJIECHUCAILIAODEWURANQIANYIKONGZHI,DUIQIQUESHAOYOUXIAODEWEIHAIFENXIYUKONGZHICUOSHI。

                1 生产加工过程中食品安全问题的危害

                DANGQIANWOGUOSHIPINANQUANWENTIPINFADEYIGEZHONGYAOYUANYINSHISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGDEQIANYIWURAN。RUJINNIANLAIBEIMEITIPUGUANGDEBAIJIUSUHUAJICHAOBIAO,JIUCHUXIANLEBAIJIUSHIYONGTIANJIAJIDAOZHIERCIWURANDEWENTI。BENYANJIUFAXIANJILEISHIPINBEISHIPINJIECHUCAILIAOWURANWUQIANYIWURANDEANLI,YOUDEDAOZHISUHUAJICANLIUCHAOBIAO,YOUDEDAOZHIZHONGJINSHUCANLIUCHAOBIAO。ZHEIXIEANLIDECHUXIAN,JIUQIYUANYIN,YISHIQIYEDUISHIYONGSHIPINJIECHUCAILIAOJINXINGDEFENGXIANPINGGUBUGOU;ERSHIDUISHIPINJIECHUCAILIAOWURANWUQIANYIRENSHIBUZU;SANSHITIXIGUANLIHEJIANGUANBUMENMEIYOUMINGQUEYAOQIU。

                2 食品中化学污染物的来源以及种类

                ZAIXIANDAISHEHUIZHONG,SHIWUDEZHONGLEIYUELAIYUEDUO,SHIPINZHONGCUNZAIDEHUAXUEWURANWUSHEJIFANWEIFEICHANGGUANGFAN,WURANQINGKUANGYEFEICHANGFUZA。SUIZHEKEJIJISHUSHUIPINGDEFAZHAN,HENDUOZIRANZIYUANBEIDALIANGYINGYONG,YINZANGZAIDIQIAOZHONGDEDALIANGYUANSUBEIYINRULERENLEIHUANJING。GUDAIDUIYUANSUDEYINGYONGFEICHANGSHAO,CHABUDUOZHIYOU20ZHONGZUOYOU。ERZAI18SHIJIRENLEIJIUYINGYONGLEJIANGJIN100DUOZHONGYUANSU。XIANDAISHEHUIZHONG,RENLEIJIANGRENSHIDEHUAXUEYUANSUJIHUQUANBUJIAYIYINGYONG。QUANSHIJIEBUJIQISHUDEHUAXUEYUANSUJINRUDAORENLEIDESHENGHUOHUANJINGZHONG,ZHEIXIEYUANSUZAOCHENGLEDUISHUIYUAN、DAQI、TURANGYIJISHIPINDEWURAN,QIZHONGZUIWEIYANZHONGDEJIUSHISHIPINWURAN。HENDUOSHIPINLAIYUANDOUXUYAOSHUI,DUISHUIYUANDEWURANYEJIANJIEDIWURANLESHIPIN。SHIPINZAIDONGWU、ZHIWUDESHENGZHANGGUOCHENGZHONGJINXINGJIAGONG,ZHIDAOSHIYONGDEHUANJIE,YOUYUTIANJIALEGEZHONGQIANSUOWEIYOUDEHUAXUEYUANSU,ZENGJIALEDALIANGWAILAIYOUHAIWUZHI,ZAOCHENGLESHIPINWURAN。SHIPINZHONGDEHUAXUEWURANWUDUIRENLEISHENTIDEWEIHAIFEICHANGDA。

                SHIPINHUAXUEWURANWUDEZHONGLEIFEICHANGDUO,XIANGGUANCHENGFENYEFEICHANGFUZA,ZHUYAOBAOKUOLEHUAFEI、NONGYAO、GEZHONGYOUHAIDEJINSHUHEFEIJINSHU、GEZHONGYOUJIWUHEWUJIWU。ZHEIXIECHENGFENDANGZHONGDOUHANYOULEDALIANGHUAXUEWURANWU,YINQICHENGFENHEZHONGLEIDEFUZA,RUHEANQUANJIANYANHEFANGKONGSHIPINWURANCHENGWEIDANGJINDEZHONGYAOKETI。

                3 法规、规范、标准要求的缺陷导致食品污染物失控

              星云棋牌官网下载   CONGMUQIANDE《SHIPINSHENGCHANTONGYONGWEISHENGGUIFAN》、《SHIPINJIECHUCAILIAOJIZHIPINYONGTIANJIAJISHIYONGBIAOZHUN》DENGFAGUIWENJIANYAOQIUFENXIFAXIANCUNZAIYIXIAJIGEWENTI:YISHIDUISHIPINXIANGGUANCHANPIN (BAOKUOSHIPINJIECHUCAILIAO) MINGQUELEGUANLIYAOQIU,DANZHIQIANGDIAOLESHIPINJIECHUCAILIAODEWEISHENGQINGJIE,FANGZHIWAILAIWURANERDAOZHIERCIWURANSHIPIN,WEINENGGUANZHUDAOSHIPINJIECHUCAILIAOBENSHENDAIYOUWURANWUDEQIANYIWURAN。ERSHIFAGUIGUIDINGLEBUDECAIGOUHUOZHESHIYONGBUFUHESHIPINANQUANBIAOZHUNDESHIPINXIANGGUANCHANPIN (BAOKUOSHIPINJIECHUCAILIAO) ,DANZAISHIPINRONGQI、BAOZHUANGCAILIAOYONGTIANJIAJISHIYONGWEISHENGBIAOZHUNZHONGDUIYOUHAITIANJIAJIZUIDASHIYONGLIANGSHIJIMEIYOUXIANLIANG,YUTEDINGQIANYILIANGHUOCANLIULIANGGUIDINGCUNZAIMAODUN,ZHEIYANGCAIGOUHUOZHESHIYONGFUHESHIPINANQUANBIAOZHUNDESHIPINJIECHUCAILIAO,YEYOUKENENGSHENGCHANCHUBUANQUANDESHIPIN。SANSHIZAISHIPINSHENGCHANQIYEWEISHENGGUIFANZHONGDUISHIPINJIECHUCAILIAOYAOQIUSHICAIYONGWUDUCAILIAO,ERTEDINGQIANYISHIYUSHENGCHANCHANPIN、GONGYIXIANGGUANDE,TONGYANGDESHIPINJIECHUCAILIAO,SHIYONGZAIBUTONGCHANPIN、BUTONGGONGYISHANG,HUICHUXIANWUDUHUOYOUDUDELIANGZHONGJIEGUO,DUICAIZHIANQUANNANYIJIEDING。SISHISHIPINRONGQI、BAOZHUANGCAILIAOYONGTIANJIAJISHIYONGWEISHENGBIAOZHUNSHUOMING,JINYONGYUJIECHUFEIZHIFANGXINGSHIPINDECAILIAOBUDEYONGYUJIECHUYINGYOUERSHIPIN,SHIPINSHENGCHANQIYECAIGOUYONGDESHIPINJIECHUCAILIAOYINGGAISHIANQUANDE,NEIMETONGGUOJIANYANGAOWENHUOJIULEISHIPINJIECHUCAILIAOFAXIAN,SUHUAJIQIANYICHAOBIAOJIUNANYIJIESHI。YOUCIKANLAI,MUQIANWEIZHIDEFAGUI、GUIFAN、BIAOZHUNYAOQIUHAICUNZAIANQUANFENGXIANYINHUAN。

                4 加强对食品接触材料适宜性的分析,完善体系管理

                4.1 JIAQIANGDUIYIZHIDEHUAXUEWURANWUJIANCE

              星云棋牌官网下载   SHIPINDEHUAXUEWURANWUZHONGCUNZAIZHEGEZHONGGEYANGDEHUAXUECHENGFEN,ZHUYAOBAOKUOMEIJUNDUSU、DUOHUANFANGTINGDENG。MEIJUNDUSUSHITIANRANDEWURANWU,TONGCHANGQINGKUANGXIADOUSHIYONGJIACHUNYIJIBINGTONGJINXINGTIQU,YINWEISHIPINDEYANGPINZHONGCUNZAIHENDUOZHILEIYIJIQITADEGANRAOWU,SUOYIZAICEDINGQIANXUYAOYONGZHUCENGXIJINXINGJINGHUA。ZHUYAOJIANDINGFANGFAYOUSEPUZHUFA、TCLFA、HPLCFA、GCFA、MIANYIJIANDINGFA,ZHEIXIEJIANDINGFANGFADOUJUYOUGEZIDETEDIAN,DOUNENGGOUJIANCECHUSHIWUZHONGDEHUAXUEWURANWUHANLIANG,DANHAISHIJUYOUYIDINGDEJUXIANXING,XUYAOJINYIBUWANSHANFAZHAN。DUOHUANFANGTINGSHIYILEIZHONGYAODEHUAXUEZHIAIWUZHI,HUANJINGHESHIPINZHONGYIJINGFAXIANLEHENDUODUOHUANFANGTING,ZAISHIPINZHONGNENGGOUJIANCECHUGEZHONGGEYANGDEDUOHUANFANGTINGHUAHEWU,JIBENSHANGDOUSHIWEIZUOYANSHENGWUHUOZAYUANZIDEDUOHUANFANGTINGHUAHEWU。DUIDUOHUANFANGTINGDEJIANCEZHUYAOYOUYIXIAJIGEBUZHOU:SHOUXIANXUYAOJINXINGYANGPINTIQU,RANHOUTONGGUOJINGHUA,ZUIHOUZUOCHUFENLI,JINXINGJIANCEDINGLIANG。ZAISHIYONGHPLCFANGFAJINXINGJIANCEHOU,DUOHUANFANGTINGDEJIEGOUBUHUIBEIPOHUAI,HAIKEYISHIYONGQITAFANGFAJINXINGCEDING。

                4.2 DUISHIPINHUAXUEWURANWUJIANCEFANGFADEZHANWANG

                ZHENDUISHIPINHUAXUEWURANWUDEJIANCEFANGFA,XUYAOXIANGGUANZHUANJIABUDUANJIASHENYANJIU。XIANJIEDUANJIANCEJISHUSHUIPINGYIJINGQUDELEHENDATUPOHEJINZHAN,DANZAIYIXIEJIANCEJISHUSHANGRENGRANCUNZAIYIDINGDEJUXIANXING,ZHEIXIEJUXIANXINGDECUNZAI,RANGSHIPINANQUANCUNZAIZHEHENDADEYINHUAN。TONGSHIHENDUOSHANGJIAWEILEMOUQUBAOLI,ZAISHIPINZHONGSIZITIANJIAYOUHAIDEHUAXUEYUANSU,JIRENTIDESHENTIJIANKANGDAILAILEJIDAWEIXIE。

                4.3 SHOUJISHIPINANQUANXINXI,SHIXINGWANZHENGXINGGUANLI

              星云棋牌官网下载   SHOUJISHIYONGYUANFULIAO、SHIPINJIECHUCAILIAOSHIYONGCAIZHIQINGKUANG、SHENGCHANGONGYITEDIANSANZHEXINXI,JINXINGZONGHEFENXI;SHOUJIXIANGGUANSHIPINANQUANBIAOZHUNXINXI、SHIPINJIECHUCAILIAOQIANYIXIANLIANGXINXI,FENGXIANYUJINGXINXI;CHONGSHIYUANLIAO、FULIAOHEYUCHANPINJIECHUDECAILIAO、CHENGPINTEZHENGXINXI。

                4.4 YINRUTIXIGUANLI,ZONGHECUJINWEIHAIFENXI

                ZAIDUISHIPINZHONGHUAXUEWURANWUJINXINGWEIHAIFENXISHI,CHULEYAOKAOLVTOURUBENGONGXUYUANFULIAODAILAIDEWEIHAI、SHIPINJIECHUCAILIAODEANQUANXING、SHIPINJIECHUMIANDEQINGJIEWEISHENGQINGKUANG,HAIYAOKAOLVDAOBENGONGXUZHONGDEWENDU、SHIDU,CHANPINZHONGSHIFOUHANYOUHUIYINGXIANGSHIPINJIECHUCAILIAOQIANYIDEYINSU。JIANGGEZHONGYINSUZONGHEQILAI,TUPOXIANYOUGUIFAN、BIAOZHUNHEGUANNIANDEXIANZHI,YINGYONGHAOYUBENCHANPINXIANGGUANDEANQUANFENGXIANXINXI,CONGERYINRUXINDETIXIZONGHEGUIFANHUAGUANLI。

                4.5 JIANGSHIPINANQUANXINXI、YUQINGXINXIYINRUDAOWEIHAIPINGGUZHONG

                SHISHIWANSHANHEXIUGAIKONGZHITIXI,YIDANKONGZHITIXIDEZUOYONGSHIXIAOHUOCUNZAIQUEXIAN,JIUYAOYUSHIJUJINZHENDUIXINGDIJIANLIXINDETIXI。XINTIXIYAOGENSHIPINANQUANXINXI、YUQINGXINXIJINMIJIEHE,XIAOCHUHUOXIANZHEJIANGDISHIPINHUAXUEWURANWUDEWEIHAISHUIPING。

                4.6 GUOJIAXIANGGUANBUMENYINGGAIJINRENZHENGTIXIGUANLI

                GUOJIAXIANGGUANDERENZHENGHUOTIXIGUANLIBUMEN,YAOTUIJINJUYOUZHENDUIXING、SHIYONGXING、SHIYIXINGDERENZHENGGUANLIGAIGE,YAOJIANGSHIPINJIECHUCAILIAOWURANWUWURANKONGZHIYINRUDAOTIXIGUANLIZHONG,BINGQIANGDIAOZHIXINGDEZHONGYAOXING。ZHEIYANGJIUNENGXIAOCHUYIXILIEXITONGXINGSHIPINANQUANWEIHAIWENTI,SHITIXIGUANLIGENGSHIYINGXIANDAISHIPINANQUANGUANLIDEXUYAO。

                JIEYU

                SUIZHESHIDAIDEFAZHAN,RENMENDEWUZHISHENGHUOSHUIPINGYEZAIBUDUANTIGAO,RENMENDUIYINSHIKOUWEIHEZHILIANGDEYAOQIUYEYUSHIJUJINDIFAZHAN。DANGQIANDESHIPINZHONGRENGRANCUNZAIZHEHENDUOHUAXUEWURANWU,WEILEBAOZHENGRENMENDESHIPINANQUAN,BAOZHANGRENMINDESHENTIJIANKANG,JINYIBUJIAQIANGWANSHANDUISHIPINZHONGHUAXUEWURANWUDEJIANCESHIZAIBIXING。BANSUIGONGYEDEFAZHANHEFENXIJISHUDEJINBU,SHIPINJIANCEGONGZUOYUELAIYUESHOUDAOXIANGGUANBUMENDEZHONGSHI,HENDUOGUOJIADOUZHIDINGLEXIANGGUANDESHIPINWEISHENGGUIDINGHEJIANCECHENGXU。CONGSHANGGESHIJIQI,SHIPINWURANJIANCEJIUYIBEILIERULEQUANQIUHUANJINGJIANCEGUIHUAZHONG。

                参考文献
                [1]姜红如, 李凤琴, 于红霞.食品加工过程中交叉污染与微生物定量风险评估[J].卫生研究, 2018, 42 (05) :876-879.
                [2]曹进, 周晓宏, 张庆生.食品加工过程的衍生毒物检测管理及发展综述[J].中国药事, 2018, 25 (09) :936-941.
                [3]徐振林, 雷红涛, 王弘.外源物质在食品加工过程中的变化与安全性[J].食品安全质量检测学报, 2018, 4 (05) :360-365.
                [4]姜元华, 欧阳灿.食品加工中存在的污染危害及其控制[J].食品界, 2018, 4 (10) :44-45.

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