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                      学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 社会学论文 > 食品安全论文

                      浅谈食品加工中的火灾危险源

                      时间:2019-01-15 来源:现代食品 作者:曾红卫 本文字数:3572字

                        摘要:食品是由食材经过烹调等手段加工而成, 而大多数的加工过程都离不开加热, 并且很多食品的加热要使用明火, 如煎炸、烘烤、烹炒、熬炖等, 这些加工手法都有火灾发生的隐患, 是危害人们生命财产安全的主要因素, 食品加工产业还是我国较为重要的一个工业门类, 具有不可替代性。本文分析了食品加工过程中存在的火灾隐患并提出了有效的预防和应对措施, 降低了火灾风险。

                        关键词:食品加工,火灾隐患,危险源

                      食品加工论文

                      星云棋牌官网下载   SHIPINGONGYEZHONGDEYUANCAILIAOZHUYAOLAIZIYUNONGYEJIHUAXUEGONGYE, GONGCHANGZHIJIEDUICHENGPINHUOBANCHENGPINJINXINGSHENJIAGONGSHIXIANQICHANYEJIAZHI, SHIWOGUOYIXIANGJICHUXINGDEGUOMINJINGJI, WOGUOSHIPINXINGYEFAZHANQIANLIJUDA, 2017NIANSHIXIANGONGYECHANZHIJIN2WANYIYUAN, BINGYIJINGLIANXUSHUNIANWEIJUGUOMINJINGJIDIYIWEI。SHIPINGONGYEGUANXIBAIXINGFUZHI, SHIRENMENSHENGHUOSHUIPINGDEZHIJIETIXIAN。SHIPINGONGYESHISUOYOUXIAOFEIPINGONGYEZHONGTIGONGJIUYEGANGWEIZUIDUODEMENLEI, TONGSHIHAIYUNONGYEFAZHANXIXIXIANGGUAN, SHEJIZHUDUOXINGYELINGYU, SHIPINCHANYEWEILAIFAZHANQIANJINGLIANGHAO, YUJI10NIANZHINEIRENGHUIBUDUANFAZHANZHUANGDA。

                        1 危险源的定义及属性

                        WEIXIANYUANZHIYOUANQUANFENGXIANDEDIANYUAN, SHISHIGUFASHENGDEYOUYIN, YIBANJUJIZHENENGLIANGHEYOUHAIWUZHI, TONGGUONENGLIANGHEYOUHAIWUZHIDESHIFANGWEIHAIRENMENSHENGMINGHECAICHANANQUAN, SHIFANGGUOCHENGXUYAOJUBEIYIDINGDETIAOJIAN, XUYAOZAITEDINGDESHIJIANHEKONGJIANYOUYIXIEYINSUCHUFA, WEIXIANYUANCAIHUICHENGWEISHIGUBAOFADEQIDIAN, ERBUTONGDEDIANYUANCHUYUBUTONGDEHUANJINGZHONGSUOJUYOUDEWEIHAIYEBUTONG。BENWENCONGYIXIAJIFANGMIANJIESHAOLEWEIXIANYUANDESHUXING。

                        1.1 WEIXIANYUANCUNZAIDEHELIXING

                        WEIXIANSHICHANGWEIRAOZAIRENMENSHENBIAN, SHIWUFAHULVE、KEGUANCUNZAIDESHISHI, TABUYIRENDEYIZHIWEIZHUANYI, WULUNRENMENNENGFOUYISHIDAO, TADOUHUIZAIMANZUYIDINGTIAOJIANDEQINGKUANGXIA, CHENGWEISHIGUFASHENGDEQIYIN, ZAOCHENGWUFAWANHUIDERENYUANHECAICHANSUNSHI, YINCI, YAOZHENGQUEKANDAIWEIXIANYUANCUNZAIDEKEGUANXING, DUIWEIXIANYUANDEFENGXIANXINGJINXINGHELIPINGGU, TIZAOYUFANGBIMIANWEIXIANSHIGUDEFASHENG[1]。

                        1.2 WEIXIANYUANJUYOUYINBIXING

                      星云棋牌官网下载   YOUXIEWEIXIANYUANJUYOUYIDINGDEYINBIXING, BUYIBEIRENCHAJUE, TEBIESHIYIXIEFEIZHIJIEXINGDEWULI、HUAXUEBIANHUA, RUDIANRONG、DIANGAN、WUZHIBIANXINGDENG, ERYOUXIEWEIXIANYUANSUIJIAOWEIMINGXIAN, DANRENMENBINGMEIYOUZHUYIDAOQICUNZAIDEWEIXIANXING, MEIYOUXINGCHENGYIDINGDEANQUANFANGFANYISHI, SHIDEWEIXIANYUANJINGCHANGBEIHUSHI, SHOURENWEIYINSUYINGXIANG, SHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGCHANGCHANGCUNZAIBUQUEDINGDEFENGXIAN, YESHIFENGXIANYUANGENGJIAYINBI。

                        1.3 WEIXIANYUANFUZAXING

                        YINSHIPINSHENGCHANHUANJIEJIAODUO、GONGXUJIWEIJINGXI, WEIXIANYUANXINGTAIYEJIAOWEIFUZA, JIAZHISHENGCHANRENYUANDELEIBIEJIAODUO, SHENGCHANCHEJIAN、SHENGCHANSHEBEIYIJISHENGCHANFANGSHIGEBUXIANGTONG, WEIXIANYUANDELEIXING、SUOZAIQUYUHEFASHENGTIAOJIANYEBUJINXIANGTONG, WEIXIANYUANQINGCHUZHIHOU, ZAITONGYIQUYUYOUHUICHANSHENGXINDEWEIXIANYUAN, YINCI, WEIXIANYUANKONGZHIGONGZUOSHIYIXIANGZHANGQIXINGDEGONGZUO。

                        1.4 WEIXIANYUANDEBAOFADESUIJIXING

                        WEIXIANYUANCHANSHENGSHIGUJUYOUYIDINGDESUIJIXING, YAOFUHETEDINGDETIAOJIAN, RUSHIJIAN、DIDIAN、SHIDU、WENDU、KONGQIMIDUHELIANGHAODEJIECHUWUDENG, ZHEIXIETIAOJIANCHANSHENGDOUYOUYIDINGDESUIJIXING, CIWAI, CHEJIANNEIGONGZUORENYUANYEZENGJIALESHIGUFASHENGDEBUQUEDINGXING, RUCAOZUOBUDANGHESHIZHIDENGDOUHUIDAOZHIWEIXIANSHIGUDEFASHENG。

                        2 食品生产应当注意的火灾隐患

                      星云棋牌官网下载   2.1 SHIPINJIAGONGJIANZHUWUCUNZAIANQUANYINHUAN

                      星云棋牌官网下载   SHIPINJIAGONGQIYEDECHANGFANGNAIHUODENGJIJIAODI, JIANZHUCAILIAODUOSHIYIRANHUOZHURANPIN, ZHEIYANGDECHANGFANGYIDANQIHUO, HUOSHIBUYIKONGZHI, YIYANBIANCHENGJIAODADEHUOZAI, ZAOCHENGWUFAWANHUIDEJINGJISUNSHI。ERYOUXIESHIPINJIAGONGCHANGFANGSUIRANSHIGANGJIEGOU, JUYOUYIDINGDEFANGHUOXINGNENG, DANCHANGFANGDEJIACENGJIBAOWENSHESHIQUESHIYIRANDEPAOMOCAILIAO, FASHENGHUOZAISHITONGYANGBUYIKONGZHI。

                        2.2 XIAOFANGANQUANTONGDAOHESHESHICUNZAIANQUANYINHUAN

                        SHIPINJIAGONGQIYEWEILETIGAOSHIPINJIAGONGDEWEISHENGTIAOJIAN, TONGCHANGHUICAIYONGXIANDAIHUADESHENGCHANMOSHI, ZAICHANGFANGDEJINCHUKOUSHEZHIDUOZHONGJIEJINGSHESHI, RUPENLINSHI、XIAODUCHIDENG, ERXIANDAICHANGFANGNEIBUJIBENSHANGSHIYIZHENGTIAODESHENGCHANLIUSHUIXIAN, CHANGFANGMIANJIJIAODA, GONGNENGFENQUJIAODUO, RENLIUTONGDAOJIAOWEIFUZA, XIAOFANGANQUANTONGDAOTONGXINGNENGLIJIAORUO。TONGSHI, SHIPINJIAGONGQIYEGONGZUORENYUANJIAODUO, SHUYULAODONGMIJIXINGCHANYE, CHANGFANGRENYUANSHUSANNANDUJIAODA, DUIYINGJIDENG、TAOSHENGBIAOSHIDENGYINGJISHESHIYAOQIUJIAOGAO, QIYEYAOJIJIKAIZHANYINGJIYANLIAN, JIAQIANGANQUANYINHUANPAICHA[2]。

                        2.3 SHIPINJIAGONGGONGYICUNZAIANQUANYINHUAN

                        (1) YOUXIEJIAGONGSHICAIZISHENNENGGOUQIHUOHUOFASHENGBAOZHA, ZHEIXIESHICAIFENWEI3ZHONG, (1) JUYOUKERANXINGDESHICAI, RUTANGLEI、YOUZHI、GANGUO、DAOGU、YUMIDENG。 (2) NENGGOUYUKONGQIHUNHEFASHENGBAOZHADESHICAI, RUMIANFEN、DIANFEN、NAIFEN、YUMIFEN、SHATANGDENG。 (3) NENGGOUFASHENGZIRANDESHICAI, RUKUIHUAYOU、DADOUYOU、CAIZIYOU、HUASHENGYOU、ZHIMAYOUHEZHUYOUDENG, ZHEIXUYAOCONGJISHUSHOUDUANKONGZHIJIAREWENDUHEKONGQIFENCHENMIDU, XIAOCHUJINGDIAN, FANGZHIZIRANHEBAOZHAXIANXIANGCHANSHENG。

                        (2) SHIPINJIAGONGXUYAOSHIYONGRANQI、RANYOU、YEANDENGYIRANYIBAOHUAXUEPIN, ZHEIXIERANLIAOZAISHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGYIDANFASHENGXIELOU, JIUHUIYINFAHUOZAIHUOFASHENGBAOZHA, ZAOCHENGJIWEIYANZHONGDEHOUGUO。CIWAI, YIXIESHIPINJIAGONGJISHU, RUFAJIAO、DIANJIEDENGHAIHUICHANSHENGQINGQI、LIUHUAQING、JIAWAN、YANGQIDENGYIRANZHURANQITI, ZENGJIAHUOZAIYINHUAN。YINCI, YAOJIAQIANGFAJIAO、JIARE、DIANJIESHUIHELENGCHULIDEGONGYIJISHUKONGZHI, JIANGDIHUOZAISHIGUFASHENGLV。

                      星云棋牌官网下载   (3) DABUFENSHIPINXUYAOJIARECAINENGSHUHUA, CHANGFANGNEIYIBANHUIPEIBEIJIAREYUAN, ERLIANJIEJIAREYUANDEGUANDAO、XIANLUDENGHUIYINZHILIANGBUDABIAOHUOBUNAIGAOWENERZAOCHENGRANQIRANYOUXIELOUHUODIANLUDUANLU。TONGSHI, SUIZHESHIYONGNIANXIANDEZENGJIAJIAOZHISHEBEIHUIZHUJIANLAOHUA, QIYEYINGCONGGONGYISHANGGUIDINGGEZHONGSHEBEIDESHIYONGNIANXIAN, BINGZAISHEBEISHANGANZHUANGYALIHEWENDUJIANCESHEBEI, YANGESHEDINGGONGYICANSHUGUIFANSHENGCHANLIUCHENG。CHUCIZHIWAI, SHIPINDEBAOZHUANGHAIYAOJINLIANGSHIYONGHUANBAO、FANGHUOCAILIAO, BAOZHUANGGUOCHENGZHONGYAOXUANZESHIYIDEFENGZHUANGFANGSHI, RUDUISULIAOZHIPINJINXINGREFENG, YAOKONGZHIFENGKOUSHIDEWENDU, BIMIANSULIAOZHIPINFASHENGZIRAN。

                      星云棋牌官网下载   2.4 SHIPINJIAGONGCANGKUCUNZAIDEHUOZAIYINHUAN

                        SHIPINJIAGONGQIYEYIBANDOUHUIYOUCHUZANGCHEJIAN, YONGYICHUZANGSHENGCHANDESHIPIN, BUFENSHIPINHAIXUYAOZHUANYIDAOCANGKUJINXINGZHANGQICHUCUN, CANGKUZHONGDEHUOJIAYIJIGEZHONGCHUCUNSHESHIYIBANDOUSHIJUYIXIDENGSULIAOZHIPIN, FASHENGHUOZAISHIZHEIXIEHUOJIARANSHAOHUISHIFANGDALIANGDERENENG, BINGXINGCHENGGAOMIDUDEYOUDUYANWU。YOUDECANGKUHAICHUCUNZHESHIPINBAOZHUANGCAILIAO, ZHEIXIEBAOZHUANGCAILIAODADUODOUSHISULIAO、YINGZHIHELVBODENGYIRANWUZHI, TONGYANGHUIZHUZHANGHUOSHI、JIAZHONGHUOQING, BULIYURENYUANDEYINGJIUYUSHUDAO。

                        3 食品生产环节的火灾预防措施

                        3.1 SHICAISHUSONGGUOCHENGHUOZAIYUFANGCUOSHI

                        SHICAIZHUYAOTONGGUOCHUANSONGDAI、YELI、QILI、GUILVZHENDONGDENGXINGSHIJINXINGSHUSONG, ZAICHUANSONGGUOCHENGZHONG, YOUKENENGYINMOCACHANSHENGRELIANGHUODIANQISHEBEIGUZHANGERQIHUO, YEKENENGYINXIAOKELIWUZHIHEFENCHENKUOSANERFASHENGBAOZHA, TEBIESHIQILICHUANSHUKERANKELIZHUANGWUZHISHI, RUGUOQIHUNHEKONGQIMIDUDADAOBAOZHAJIXIAN, ZAIYOUMOCA、ZHUANGJICHANSHENGDEJINGDIANHEHUOHUAZUOYONGJIUHUIFASHENGBAOZHAYINQIHUOZAI, ERCHUANSONGSHEBEIYOUHUICHENGWEIHUOYANCHUANBODEMEIJIE。YINCI, YAOTIGAOSHEBEIDEMIBIXING, ZENGSHEJINGDIANJIEDIZHUANGZHI, YAOANZHUANGWULIAOCHUANSONGJIANCESHEBEI, FANGZHIDUSAI、SHEBEIYUNZHUANSHILINGDESHIJIANFASHENG, YAOJISHIDUICHUANSONGSHEBEIJINXINGWEIHUHEJIANXIU, BAOZHENGCHUANSONGSHEBEIZHENGCHANGYUNZHUAN, JIANSHAOHUOZAISHIGUDEFASHENG。

                      星云棋牌官网下载   3.2 SHICAIFENXUANGUOCHENGHUOZAIYUFANGCUOSHI

                        SHICAIFENXUANSHISHIPINJIAGONGBIBUKESHAODEHUANJIE, GENJUWULIAODEDAXIAO、CHENGSE、XINGZHUANGDENGJINXINGSHAIXUANHEFENLEI, SHIDEWULIAONENGGOUSHIXIANJUNZHIHUA, ERSHAIXUANGUOCHENGZHONGRONGYICHANSHENGMOCAHEZHENDONG, ZENGJIAJINGDIANCHANSHENGLV, TEBIESHIZAIFENXUANSHILIHEJINSHUZAZHISHI, YICHANSHENGHUOHUAHEJINGDIANCONGERYINBAOKONGQIZHONGDEFENCHENFASHENGBAOZHA, YINCI, ZAIFENXUANGUOCHENGZHONGYAOBIMIANCHANSHENGFENCHENWURAN, ZUOHAOJINGDIANYUFANGGONGZUO, ANSHEFANGBAOMOHUOZHEFANGBAOPIAN。

                        3.3 SHICAIFENSUIGUOCHENGHUOZAIYUFANGCUOSHI

                        YOUXIESHIPINJIAGONGZHIZUOXUYAODUISHICAIJINXINGFENSUICHULI, GENJUSHICAISHUIFENHANLIANGDEBUTONGKEJIANGFENSUIGUOCHENGFENWEIGANFAFENSUIHESHIFAFENSUI, RUGUOSHUHEXIANROUDEFENSUI。FENSUISHEBEIDUOXUYAOJIYAHEMOCA, ERJIXIEMOCAHUICHANSHENGDALIANGDERE, ZHEIXIERELIANGYIDANJIJU, YOUKENENGYINRANWULIAOHEKERANWUZHI。YINCI, JIAGONGGUOCHENGZHONGYAOJIANGDISHEBEIWENDU, ZENGJIASHEBEILENGQUEZHUANGZHI, FANGZHIYINQISHEBEIHEWULIAOZIRAN, ZUDUANHUOZAIFASHENGDEGENYUAN。

                      星云棋牌官网下载   3.4 SHICAIGANZAOGUOCHENGHUOZAIYUFANGCUOSHI

                        SHIPINGANZAOCHULINENGGOUYANZHANGSHIPINBAOZHIQI, SHISHIPINBAOCUNDEYIZHONGYOUXIAOCUOSHI, SHIPINGANZAODEZHUYAOMUDESHIQUCHUSHIPINZHONGDESHUIFEN, YIBANCAIYONGLIXIN、PENWU、JIAREDENGFANGSHIHONGGANSHIPIN, SHIPINZHONGSHUIFENDEHANLIANGZHIJIEJUEDINGQISHIFOUJUYOUKERANXING, SHIPINHONGGANHUISHISHIPINDESHUIFENHUIKUAISUSANSHIBINGJUYOUKERANXING, ERSHEBEIDEWENDUQUEBUNENGHENKUAIJIANGDI, CONGERSHIHUANJINGWENDUCHAOGUOSHIPINDERANDIANERYINQIZIRAN, RULIYONG80~800℃DEREFENGJINXINGGANZAODEREFENGPENWUGANZAO, YINGYONGZHEILEIHONGGANFANGSHIYAOJIAQIANGSHUIFENJIANCEHEWENDUKONGZHIGONGYI, FANGZHIZIRANXIANXIANGCHANSHENG。

                        3.5 SHIPINSHUHUAGUOCHENGHUOZAIYUFANGCUOSHI

                        SHIPINDUOXUYAOSHUHUACAIJUYOUSHIYONGJIAZHI, CAIGENGJIAMEIWEIKEKOU, SHIPINSHUHUADEFANGSHIYOUHENDUO, RUHONGKAO、YOUZHA、KUAISUJIYAHEGAOWENZHENGZHUDENG。YOUXIESHUHUAFANGSHIJUYOUJIAODAHUOZAIYINHUAN, RUHONGKAOSHIRUYUSHEBEIGUZHANGERTINGZHIYUNZHUAN, SHICAIHUIZHANGSHIJIANBAOLUZAIGAOWENHUANJINGZHONGERYINQIZIRAN, TEBIESHIYIXIEYOUZHIJIAODUODESHIWU, YIDANWENDUDADAOYOUZHIRANDIANJIUHUIYINFAHUOZAI, YOUSHIHAIHUIYINKAOXIANGNEIDIAOLUOWUQINGLIBUJISHIERJILEIGUODUO, ZAIZHANGSHIJIANDEGAOWENHUANJINGXIA, CHENGDUIDESUIXIEHUIYINFAZIRAN。YINCI, YAODUISHICAISHUHUASHEBEIJINXINGJISHIJIANXIUHEWEIHU, FANGZHIGUZHANGFASHENGBINGJISHIQINGLIZAWU, HONGKAOSHEBEIYINGPEIBEIDULIDIANYUAN, BINGSHEYOUDIANLUBAOXIANZHUANGZHI, YIZHIYUGUZHANGFASHENGSHINENGGOUZIDONGQIEDUANDIANYUAN, TONGSHIHAIYAOZHIDINGYANGEDEGONGYILIUCHENGGUIFANSHEBEICAOZUO, JIANSHAOHUOZAIYINHUAN。

                        JIEYU

                      星云棋牌官网下载   SHIPINJIAGONGSHIYIXIANGZHONGYAODESHENGCHANJINGYINGHUODONG, DUIWOGUOJINGJIFAZHANQIDAOZHONGYAODETUIDONGZUOYONG。ERSHIPINJIAGONGYINQITESHUDESHENGCHANTIAOJIANHEHUANJINGYAOQIU, CUNZAIZHEJIAODADEHUOZAIFENGXIAN, ZHEIXUYAOQIYEZAISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGBUDUANQIANGHUAFANGFANYISHI, TIGAOGONGYISHUIPING, JIADAGUANLILIDU, YANGEKONGZHISHENGCHANDEGEGEHUANJIE, PAICHAHUOZAIYINHUAN, JIANGDIHUOZAIFENGXIAN, ZUIZHONGSHIXIANSHIPINJIAGONGCHANYEANQUAN、JIANKANGFAZHAN。

                        参考文献
                        [1]王永, 刘子萌, 宋文华, 等.火灾危险源辨识在性能化防火设计中的应用[J].消防科学与技术, 2008 (12) :886-888.
                        [2]庞建军.食品加工火灾危险分析及预防措施[J].工业安全与环保, 2007 (9) :43-45.

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