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                                    学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 社会学论文 > 食品安全论文

                                    食品加工中真空低温油炸技术的运用

                                    时间:2019-01-15 来源:农产品加工 作者:山东省农业科学院农产 本文字数:2280字

                                      摘要:概述了真空低温油炸技术的优点及其在果蔬加工和食用菌加工上的应用, 同时展望真空低温油炸技术在食品加工中的应用前景。

                                      关键词星云棋牌官网下载:真空低温油炸,果蔬加工,食用菌加工,发展前景

                                    食品加工论文

                                      ZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHAJISHUSHIZAIJIANYA (ZHENKONG) DEQINGKUANGXIA, SHISHIPINWULIAOZHONGDESHUIFENXUNSUQIHUA, ZAIDUANSHIJIANNEIXUNSUWANCHENGTUOSHUIGUOCHENG, SHIXIANZAIDIWEN (90℃) TIAOJIANXIASHIPINDETUOSHUIGUOCHENG[1]。DIWENYOUZHAJISHUZUOWEISHIPINXUNSUTUOSHUIDEXINJISHU, NENGGOUQIDAOGAISHANSHIPINFENGWEIDEZUOYONG。ZAIDIWENYOUZHAQIANDUISHIPINWULIAOJINXINGDEPIAOTANGHUSE、JINZIDENGYUCHULI, NENGGOUZUIDACHENGDUDIBAOCHISHIPINWULIAODEBENLAIZHUANGTAI, TIGAOYOUZHAHOUSHIPINDEGUXINGWUHANLIANG, JIANGDIZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHASHIPINDEHANYOULV。CONGXUESHUJIAODUFANGMIANJIANG, ZHENKONGYOUZHAJISHUSHIJISHANGSHIYIDIWENYOUWEIJIEZHIDUISHIPINWULIAODEGANZAOTUOSHUIGUOCHENG[2,3]。

                                      1 真空低温油炸技术的优点

                                      1.1 YOUZHAWENDUJIAODI、SHIPINWULIAOYINGYANGSUNSHIXIAO

                                      RICHANGSHENGHUOZHONG, CHANGYAYOUZHASHENCENGDEYOUWENYIBANZAI160℃YISHANG, SHENZHIKEYIDADAO230℃, ZAIRUCIGAODEWENDUXIAYOUZHASHIPINHUIZAOCHENGSHIPINZHONGYINGYANGCHENGFENDESUNSHI[4]。DANZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHAJISHUKEYIKONGZHIYOUZHAYONGYOUWENDUWEICHIZAI90~100℃, JIDADIJIANSHAOGAOWENDUISHIPINZHONGYINGYANGCHENGFENDEPOHUAI, SHISHIPINWULIAOZHONGDEYOUXIAOYINGYANGCHENGFENDEDAOJIAOHAOBAOLIU[5,6]。

                                      1.2 TUOSHUISHIJIANDUAN

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIZHENKONGDIWENZHUANGTAIXIA, SHIPINWULIAOTUOSHUISUDUKUAI。YOUYUZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHAJISHUYOUWENJIAODI, SUOYINENGGOUZUIDAXIANDUBAOCHISHIPINWULIAOYUANYOUDESEZEHEXINGZHUANG[7]。

                                      1.3 BAOLIUSHIPINWULIAOZISHENXIANGQIHEFENGWEI

                                      SHIPINWULIAOZHONGDECHENGXIANGCHENGWEICHENGFENDUOWEISHUIRONGXINGCHENGFEN, CAIYONGZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHAJISHU, SHIPINWULIAOZAIMIFENGZHUANGTAIHEDIWENTIAOJIANXIAHUANMANJIARE, ZAIDIWENYOUYUDEGUOCHENGZHONGJISHAORONGCHU, ERQIESUIZHEJIAREGUOCHENGZHONGSHIPINWULIAOZHONGSHUIFENDEBUDUANJIANSHAO, SHIPINWULIAOZHONGDECHENGXIANGCHENGWEICHENGFENDEDAOJINYIBUNONGSUO[8,9]。

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   1.4 JUYOUYIDINGDEPENGHUAZUOYONG

                                      SHIPINWULIAOXIBAOZUZHIJIANXIDESHUIFENZAIDIYAZHUANGTAIXIAJIJUQIHUAPENGZHANG、TIJIZENGDA, CONGKONGXIZHONGCHONGCHU, DUISHIPINWULIAOJUYOUYIDINGDEPENGHUAXIAOGUO。SHIPINWULIAOZAIZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHAZHIQIANZAI-25℃HUANJINGXIALENGDONGCHULI, SHIXIBAOZUZHIJIANDESHUIFENXINGCHENGBINGJING, POHUAIXIBAOJIEGOU, XIAOGUOGENGJIA[10,11]。

                                      1.5 YOUHAOXIAO, BUYIYANGHUA

                                      ZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHAJISHUDEYOUWENDI, QIECHUYUWANQUANMIFENGDEZHUANGTAIXIAJINXINGYOUZHA, YOUMIANYUKONGQIJIECHUMIANJIXIAO, DAOZHIYOUZHAYONGYOUBUYIYANGHUA, YOUZHISUANJIAHEGUOYANGHUAZHISHANGSHENGHUANMAN, BUYIFUBAI[12,13]。ZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHAJISHUNENGGOUYOUXIAODIJIANGSHIPINWULIAOCHANPINHANYOULVKONGZHIZAI20%YIXIA, YUCHANGWENCHANGYAYOUZHASHIPINDEHANYOULVDUOZAI40%~50%XIANGBIJIAO, ZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHAJISHUYOUHAOJIAOXIAO[14,15,16]。

                                      2 真空低温油炸技术在食品加工领域的应用

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   2.1 ZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHAJISHUZAIGUOSHUJIAGONGLINGYUDEYINGYONG

                                      WANGYU[17]ZAIZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHATUOSHUISUANPIANGONGYIDEYANJIUZHONGYIYOUZHAWENDU、YUGANZAOSHIJIANHEYOUZHASHIJIANWEIKAOCHAYINSU, YISUANPIANHANYOULVHEGANGUANPINGFENWEIZHIBIAO, QUEDINGZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHASUANPIANDEZUIJIAGONGYICANSHUWEISUANPIANQIEPIANHOUDU2 mmZUOYOU, ZAIZHILIANGFENSHU15%MAIYAHUJINGRONGYEZHONGCHANGWENCHANGYAJINZI30 min, ZAIZHILIANGFENSHU0.75%HAIZAOSUANNARONGYEZHONGJINZI30 min, ZAI60℃TIAOJIANXIAREFENGYUGANZAO2 h, ZHENKONGDU0.08~0.09 MPa, YOUZHAWENDU90~100℃, YOUZHASHIJIAN10~15 min, XUANZHUANTUOYOU4 min, ZHUANSU350 r/min, TUOSHUISUANPIANDEHANYOULVWEI10.27%。

                                      HEJIANJUNDENGREN[18]ZAIZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHAOUPIANDEGONGYIYANJIUZHONGDEDAOZUIJIAGONGYIWEIYUANLIAOOUJINGGUOSHAIXUAN、QUPIQINGXI、QIEPIAN、PIAOXI、HUSE、PIAOTANGDENGQIANCHULI, YONGHANYOU6%MAIYAHUJING、2%SHIYAN、0.5%WEIJINGDEDIAOWEILIAOJINZIYEJINZI70 min, LISHUIYUGANZAO40 min, ZAI100℃DEZHENKONGHUANJINGXIAYOUZHA40 min, ZUIHOUTUOYOU6 min, BAOZHUANGCHENGPIN。

                                      LIJIANGDENGREN[19]ZAIZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHAHONGZAOSHENGCHANGONGYIZHONGDECHUZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHAHONGZAODEZUIJIAGONGYIWEIYOUZHAWENDU90~105℃, YOUZHASHIJIAN30 min, ZHENKONGDU0.096 MPa, XUANZHUANTUOYOUZHUANSU120~150 r/min, TUOYOUSHIJIAN3 min。

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   2.2 ZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHAJISHUZAISHIYONGJUNJIAGONGSHANGDEYINGYONG

                                      WANGMIN[20]YANJIUXINGBAOGUZHENKONGDIWENTUOSHUIGONGYIDEDAOZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHAXINGBAOGUCUIPIANDEZUIYOUGONGYIWEIHOUDU2 mmDEXINGBAOGUPIANJING80℃TANGPIAO90 s, ZAIYILIAOYEBI1∶15 (g∶m L) , ZHILIANGFENSHU15%DEMAIYAHUJINGCHAOSHENGBOFUZHUJINZI, ZAI60℃HUANJINGXIAREFENGYUGANZAO20 min, YOUZHAWENDU80~90℃, ZHENKONGDU0.08~0.09 MPa, YOUZHASHIJIAN10 min, XUANZHUANTUOYOUZHUANSU350 r/min, TUOYOUSHIJIAN10 min, CHANPINZUIZHONGHANYOULVWEI30.43%。

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   ANDONGDENGREN[21]ZAIDIWENZHENKONGYOUZHAXIANGGUCUIPIANGONGYIYANJIUZHONGQUEDINGZUIJIAZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHAGONGYICANSHUWEIJINZIYEBILI30%MAIYATANGRONGYE+15%MAIYAHUJING+1%SHIYAN, ZHENKONGYOUZHAWENDU100℃, YOUZHASHIJIAN30 min。

                                      3 真空油炸技术的发展前景

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIGUOJISHICHANG, ZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHASHIPINYIJINGCHUBUSHIXIANCHANYEHUAGUIMOSHENGCHAN, SUIZHEZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHAJISHUDEBUDUANFAZHAN, ZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHASHIPINQUDAICHUANTONGYOUZHASHIPINCHENGWEIFAZHANQUSHI[22,23,24]。ZAIGUONEISHICHANG, SUIRANZAIZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHAJISHUFANGMIANJINXINGLEDALIANGYANJIU, DANSHICHANGSHANGZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHASHIPINSUOZHANBILIJIAOSHAO。

                                      WEILEGENGHAOGENGKUAIDIFAZHANZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHAJISHUZAISHIPINJIAGONGFANGMIANDEYINGYONG, SHOUXIANYAOJINXINGSHENRUDEJICHUSHESHIYANJIU, SHEJILIANXUHUA、ZIDONGHUA、GAOXIAOJIENENGDEZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHASHEBEI, JIANGDINENGHAOJIANGDICHENGBEN;QICIYAOKAIFAXINDEZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHACHANPIN, BUDUANFENGFUZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHASHIPINDEZHONGLEI, CHONGFENWAJUEQIJIAGONGQIANLIHESHICHANGQIANLI;ZUIHOUYINGJINYIBUYOUHUAJIAGONGGONGYI, TIGAOZHENKONGYOUZHASHIPINDEPINZHI, JIANGDIHANZHILV, WANSHANCHANPINDEGANGUANXINGZHUANG, JIADAXUANCHUANLIDU, RANGLAOBAIXINGLEJIEZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHAJISHU, LEJIEZHENKONGDIWENYOUZHASHIPINDEZHILIANG, ZAIFAZHANJISHUDETONGSHICHUANGZAOJINGJIXIAOYI。

                                      参考文献
                                      [1]张俊艳.真空油炸技术在食品加工中的应用[J].食品研究与开发, 2013, 34 (10) :129-132.
                                      [2]M Mariscal, P Bouchon.Comparison between atmospheric and vacuum frying of apple slices[J].Food Chemistry, 2008 (107) :1 561-1 569.
                                      [3]Paulo F, Da Silva, Rosana G, et al.Vacuum frying of high-quality fruit and vegetablebased snacks[J].Food Scinence and Technology, 2008, 41 (10) :159-165.
                                      [4]祁芳斌, 陈发兴.果蔬脆片加工真空低温油炸技术的应用与发展[J].福建广播电视大学学报, 2008 (1) :76-78.
                                      [5]张岩, 吴继军, 唐道邦, 等.香蕉片的真空油炸工艺及质构品质初探[J].现代食品科技, 2010, 26 (9) :987-1 008.

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