星云棋牌官网下载

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                                学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 社会学论文 > 食品安全论文

                                政府食品价格管制的效果及其对食品安全产生的风险

                                时间:2013-09-03 来源:未知 作者:傻傻地鱼 本文字数:10000字
                                论文摘要

                                  YI、YINYAN

                                  2013NIAN7YUE,GUOJIAFAGAIWEIDUIRUZHIPINQIYE(ZHUYAOSHIWAIQI)JINXINGFANLONGDUANDIAOCHA,BINGZUIZHONGYI6.7YIYUANFAKUANZHONGJIEGAIQIANJIAN。GAISHIJIANYINQIBUSHAOMEITIDEREYI。BUFENGUANDIANBIAOSHIZANTONG,YEYOUBUSHAOGUANDIANRENWEIZHENGFUDUIRUZHIPINJIAGEKONGZHISHIDUOCIYIJU。ZHENGYIJIAODIANZHUYAOJIZHONGZAI,JINKOURUZHIPINJIAGEWEIHEGAOYUGUOWAITONGYANGDERUPINJIAGE3BEI~4BEI?GUONEIRUPINSHICHANGCUNZAIQIYELONGDUANCAOZONGJIAGEMA?FANLONGDUANFAKUANHUIRANGRUZHIPINJIAGEXIAJIANGMA?

                                  SHISHISHANG,ZIMEIGUOFANLONGDUANFADANSHENGZHIJIN,GUOWAIBUFENXUEZHEYIZHIZHIYIFANLONGDUANDEHELIXING。ZHENDUIFANJIAGELONGDUANZHENGCE,LUOSIBADE(Rothbard)MINGQUEZHICHU,BUNENGZHIZEJIAOGAOJIAGEJIUSHILONGDUANJIAGE。ZHIYAOSHIXIAOFEIZHEZIYUANGOUMAI,QUEFADANXINGDEXUQIUBINGBUNENGZHENGMINGXIAOFEIZHELIYISHOUDAOLESUNHAI,ERZIYUANJIAOYIZHENGSHIXIAOFEIZHEFULIDEDAOGAISHANDEZHENGMING。

                                  DUIYUZHEICIGUOJIAFAGAIWEIDEFANLONGDUANDIAOCHA,GUONEIXUEZHEXUEZHAOFENGQIANGDIAO,ZHENGFUFANLONGDUANJIGOUYUESHURUZHIPINQIYEDINGJIAXINGWEI,SIHUFANYINGLEFALVDEZHENGYI,DANSHIZHISHANGSHIDUIJIAGEXINHAOHEZIYOUDIYUEDEPOHUAI,JIEGUO,XIAOFEIZHEJIANGWEICIFUCHUXIANGYINGDEDAIJIA。DENGFENGZERENWEI,RUOGUOWAIRUZHIPINQIYEZAISHICHANGZHONGYIJINGXINGCHENGLONGDUANDIWEI,ZHENGFUFANLONGDUANJIGOUYINGXIANDUIZHEIXIEQIYEDELONGDUANDIWEIJINXINGCEDU,DANWOMENBINGMEIYOUKANDAOZHENGFUNACHULINGRENXINFUDELIYOUZUOWEICHUFAZHEIXIERUZHIPINQIYEDEYIJU。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   YANJIUJINNIANGUOWAIRUZHIPINRUCI“CHANGJUE”ZHANGJIADEYUANYINFAXIAN,YIFANGMIAN,YOUYUJINKOURUZHIPINZHILIANGANQUANQUDELEXIAOFEIZHEDEXINREN,QISHENGYUCHANSHENGLE“YIJIA”。LINGYIFANGMIAN,GUONEIRUZHIPINANQUANSHIJIANLVJIANBAODUAN,DAOZHIXIAOFEIZHEDUIJINKOURUZHIPINDEXUQIUQUEFADANXING。ZHENGFUDUISHICHANGJIZHIXIADEZHANGJIAXINGWEIJINXINGKONGZHI,HENKENENGSHIDEQIFAN。

                                  ZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,ZAISHANGSHUZHIYISHENGZHONG,CHULEDUIZHENGFUSHISHISHIPINJIAGEKONGZHISHIFOUYOUXIAOCHANSHENGYIWENWAI,HAIYOUDUISHIPINJIAGEKONGZHIKENENGDUISHIPINANQUANCHANSHENGDEFUMIANYINGXIANGBIAOSHILEDANYOU。JIZHENGFUSHISHIRUZHIPINJIAGEGUANZHIHUIYINGXIANGRUZHIPINDEZHILIANGANQUANMA?JINGUANJINNIANGONGZHONGDUISHIPINJIAGESHANGZHANGGANDAOWUNAI,DANMIANDUIPINXIANSHIPINANQUANSHIJIAN,ZAISHIPINJIAGEHESHIPINANQUANLIANGGEBIANLIANGZHONG,GONGZHONGGENGDUOGUANZHUSHIPINANQUAN。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   KEGUANERLUN,DUONIANLVJINBUZHIDESHIPINANQUANSHIJIAN,SHUOMINGZHONGGUODUISHIPINANQUANDEKONGZHIMIANLINSHICHANG、FALVYIJIGUANZHIZHIDUDE“SANZHONGSHILING”。GUONEIWAIDALIANGXUEZHEWEIRAOSHICHANG、FALVHEGUANZHIZHIDUDUISHIPINANQUANDEKONGZHIZUOYONGZHANKAIYANJIU。WEISI(Weiss)ZHICHU,QUEFASHIDANGDEXINXIZUAILEQUEBAOSHENGCHANGAOZHILIANGHEANQUANSHIPINDEJILI。ZHENGFUGUANZHIYOUZHUYUMIBUYOUSHIPINANQUANXINXIBUWANBEIERDAOZHIDESHICHANGSHILING。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   ERANTEER(Antle)QIANGDIAO,SHICHANGJIZHIXIASHIPINANQUANGUANLIZHENGCEXIAONENGGAODIDEGUANJIANQUJUEYUHESHIDEXINXIZHIDU。ZHEIXIEZHIDUBAOKUOQIYEDESHENGYUXINGCHENGJIZHI、FALVHEGUANZHIYIJIXIAOFEIZHEJIAOYUDENG。GENJUBUZIBIDENGREN(Buzbyetal)DEGUANDIAN,JILIQIYESHISHISHIPINANQUANKONGZHIDEYINSUSHISHICHANG、GUANZHIHEFALV。ZHANGQIYILAI,ZUOWEIGAITIXIZHONGZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFENDESHICHANGJILIBEIHULVELE。DANYOUWENXIANQIANGDIAO,SHICHANGJILIDUIQIYECAIQUSHIDANGFANGFAKONGZHISHIPINANQUANYOUHENZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。

                                  WANGJUNHAOTICHU,MIANDUIXINXIBUDUICHENGWENTI,SHICHANGJIZHICUNZAIJUXIAN,ZHEISHIZHENGFUDUISHIPINANQUANSHISHIGUANZHIDELILUNYIJU,SHIPINANQUANGUANZHISHIZHENGFUDEZHONGYAOZHINENGZHIYI。DUIYUSHIPINANQUANWENTI,XIEMINHEYUYONGDAQIANGDIAOSHICHANGCANYUZHESUOXUXINXISHUYUGONGGONGPIN,SHICHANGJIAGEXINHAOBUNENGYINDAOGONGGONGPINDEZUIYOUPEIZHI,YOUCIDAOZHISHICHANGSHILING,ZHEIJIUXUYAOZHENGFUGUANZHILAIJIEJUE。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   ZHOUDEYIHEYANGHAIJUANRENWEI,SHIPINANQUANXINXIBUDUICHENGZHUYAOCHUXIANZAISHENGCHANJINGYINGZHEYUXIAOFEIZHEJIAN、SHENGCHANJINGYINGZHEYUGUANLIZHEJIAN、XIAJIGUANLIZHEYUSHANGJIGUANLIZHEJIANYIJIZHENGFUYUXIAOFEIZHEJIANDENG。WEIJIEJUEXINXIBUDUICHENGCHANSHENGDESHIPINANQUANWENTI,ZHENGFUKETONGGUOJIANLIZHILIANGANQUANBIAOZHUNTIXIYIJIJIANCEZHIFAZHIDU,JILIHEYUESHUSHIPINSHENGCHANJINGYINGZHEXINGWEI。

                                  LIHUAIHEZHAOWANLIZHICHUZHIYUEWOGUOSHIPINANQUANWENTIDEGUANJIANYINSUZAIYUGUANZHIZHIDU,YINGJIANLIJUECE、ZHIXINGHEJIANDUSANQUANFENLIDESHIPINANQUANGUANZHITIZHIJIQIZERENZHUIJIUZHIDU。FANXIAOFENGTONGGUOSHIZHENGFENXIDECHUJIELUN,YOUXIANLIXINGDEXIAOFEIZHERENGHUIGENJUSHUCAILINGSHOUSHANGSHENGYULAIPANDUANSHUCAIZHILIANGSHIFOUANQUAN,SHENGYUJIZHIZAIXINYONGPINSHICHANGSHANGRENGRANFAHUIZUOYONG。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   CONGYIYOUYANJIUWENXIANKAN,DUOSHUXUEZHEQIANGDIAOZHENGFUGUANZHIZAIKONGZHISHIPINANQUANFANGMIANDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG,BUFENXUEZHEYERENTONGSHICHANGSHENGYUJIZHIDUISHIPINANQUANDEKONGZHIZUOYONG。WOMENZHIDAO,ZHENGFUGANYUSHICHANGSHIWEILEMIBUSHICHANGSHILING,DANZHEIZHONGGANYUYINGBIMIANNIUQUSHICHANG,DAOZHIZHENGFUSHILING。

                                  ZHONGGUOCONGJIHUAJINGJIXIANGSHICHANGJINGJIZHUANXING,MIANDUISHIPINJIAGESHANGZHANG,ZHENGFUXIGUANXINGDIHUICAIYONGXINGZHENGSHOUDUANKONGZHISHIPINJIAGESHANGZHANG。GUONEIBUFENXUEZHEKAISHIZHIYIZHENGFUDUISHIPINJIAGEKONGZHIDEXIAOGUO,DANSHANGQUEFAFENXISHIPINJIAGEKONGZHIKENENGDUISHIPINANQUANCHANSHENGDEFENGXIAN,YIJICONGZHENGFUGUANZHIZHINENGZHUANBIANJIAODUFENXIZHENGFUDUISHIPINJIAGEDEKONGZHIWENTI。KEYISHUO,WEIRAOZHENGFUSHIFOUYINGDUIRUZHIPINJIAGEJINXINGKONGZHIZHANKAIDEZHENGYIZHESHECHUZHENGFUGUANZHIZHINENGDINGWEIWENTI。BENWENSHITULIQINGZHENGFUSHIPINJIAGEGUANZHIDEXIAOGUOYIJIKENENGDUISHIPINANQUANCHANSHENGDEFENGXIAN,BINGTICHUZHUANXINGQIZHENGFUGUANZHIZHINENGDINGWEIWENTI。

                                  ER、SHIPINANQUANSHICHANGJIQIXINXISHUXING

                                  (YI)SHIPINANQUANSHICHANG

                                  WOMENZHIDAO,ZAISHIPINXIAOFEIGUOCHENGZHONG,XIAOFEIZHEDUISHIPINANQUANCHANSHENGXUQIU。TONGYANG,QIYEZAISHENGCHANJINGYINGSHIPINGUOCHENGZHONGBAOKUOSHIPINANQUANDEGONGJI,QIEGONGQIUJUEDINGSHIPINANQUANSHICHANGDEJIAGEJISHULIANG。

                                  YUXIAOFEIZHEDUIQITACHANPINHEFUWUDEXUQIUYIYANG,YOUYUSHOURUDENGTIAOJIANDEBUTONG,XIAOFEIZHEDUISHIPINANQUANXUQIUCUNZAICHAYI。SHIPINQIYEBIANBIESHICHANGZHONGDEQIANZAIXUQIU,BINGTONGGUOMANZUXUQIUYIHUOQULIRUN。LIXIANGQINGKUANGXIA,JIDINGSHIPINSHICHANGDESHIPINANQUANSHUIPINGYINGYOUGONGXUJUEDING。DUIMOUYITEDINGSHIPINSHICHANG,ZAIYIDINGJIAGESHUIPINGXIA,JUYOUBUTONGFENGXIANPIANHAODEXIAOFEIZHE(RUDISHOURUZHEYUGAOSHOURUZHEDENG)DUISHIPINANQUANDEXUQIUCUNZAICHAYI,ERJUYOUBUTONGSHENGCHANCHENGBENDEQIYE(RUDAQIYEYUXIAOQIYEDENG)DUISHIPINANQUANDEGONGJIYEGEBUXIANGTONG。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   YINGXIANGSHIPINANQUANXUQIUDEYINSUBAOKUOSHIPINJIAGE、XIAOFEIZHESHOURUJIQIDUISHIPINANQUANFENGXIANDEMINGANXINGDENGYINSU。YINCI,WEIHUODEGENGANQUANSHIPINDEXIAOFEIZHEZHIFUYIYUAN(Will-ingnesstoPay,WTP)JUEDINGLESHICHANGZHONGSHIPINANQUANDEXUQIU,FANYINGLETAMENHUODESHOUYIDEJIAZHI(BIMIANSHIYONGBUANQUANSHIPINCHANSHENGDETONGKUHEYANZHANGYUQISHOUMING)。XIAOFEIZHESHOURUZENGJIA,DUISHIPINANQUANXUQIUZENGJIA。DANGSHOURUCHAOCHUYIGEZUIDISHUIPINGSHI,XIAOFEIZHEJIUYOUNENGLIZHIFURICHANGYINSHI,DUISHIPINANQUANDEXUQIUZEHUIXIANSHIJIAGEQUEFADANXINGDETEXING,XIAOFEIZHEWEIQIRENWEIGENGANQUANDESHIPINYUANYIZHIFUJIAOGAOJIAGE,DANCHAOCHUYIDINGJIAGESHUIPING,TAMENWEIBIANJIANQUANXINGDEZHIFUYIYUANJIANGXIAJIANG。CHENGRAN,RUGUOXIAOFEIZHEJUYOUFENGXIANPIANHAOTEZHENG,ZEQIWEIGAISHANSHIPINANQUANDEZHIFUYIYUANJIANGJIANSHAO。XIAOFEIZHESHIPINANQUANXUQIUHEZHIFUYIYUANQUJUEYUQIDUIFENGXIANDERENZHI。DUIYUYOUZHISHIDEXIAOFEIZHE,RUGUOKEYIHUODEXINXI,QIJIUKEYIPINGGUSHIPINDEANQUANTEZHENG。QUEFAZHISHIDEXIAOFEIZHEJIUSUANZAIKEYIHUODEXINXIDEQINGKUANGXIAYEBUNENGZHENGQUEPINGGUSHIPINDEANQUANXING。XIANRAN,RUOMEIYOUXIAOFEIZHELEJIESHIPINDEANQUANXING,ZEBUHUIYOUDUIANQUANDEXUQIU。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   CONGLILUNSHANGJIANG,SHIPINANQUANGONGJISHIWEILEJIANSHAOSHIPINANQUANFENGXIANERZENGJIADECHENGBEN。ZAIJINGZHENGXINGSHICHANGHUANJINGXIA,RUGUOKEMIBUSHENGCHANANQUANXINGDECHENGBEN,ZEQIYEYUANYIWEIXIAOFEIZHETIGONGJUYOUANQUANTEZHENGDESHIPIN。QIYEWEISHIXIANLIRUNZUIDAHUAMUBIAO,SUOTIGONGDESHIPINANQUANSHUIPINGQUJUEYUSHIPINANQUANKONGZHIDEBIANJISHOUYIHEBIANJICHENGBEN。ZAIJINGZHENGXING、WANBEIXINXIDESHICHANGZHONG,QIYETIGONGYOUXIAOFEIZHECHANSHENGXUQIUJUYOUTEDINGANQUANTEZHENGDESHIPIN。

                                  (ER)SHIPINANQUANXINXISHUXING

                                  SHIPINKEXUEJISHUDEKUAISUFAZHANTIGAOLESHIPINZUCHENGCHENGFENDEFUZACHENGDU,RANGSHIPINTUOLILEXIAOFEIZHEYUANYOUDEZHISHIHEJINGYAN①,JIADALEXIAOFEIZHEBAWOSHIPINANQUANZHUANGKUANGDENANDU,RUSHIPINZUCHENG、ANQUANWEISHENGZHUANGKUANGDENGXIANGGUANXINXIZAISHIPINXIAOFEIZHEYUSHENGCHANJINGYINGZHEZHIJIANCHUXIANYANZHONGBUDUICHENG。SHIPINANQUANDEBUWANBEIXINXIHUIDAOZHIDIANQUANXINGSHIPINDEGUODUGONGJI,HUOWANQUANTINGZHIJIAOYI。

                                  GENJUBUWANBEIXINXISHUXINGKEBASHIPINANQUANXINXIFENWEISOUXUNPIN、JINGYANPINHEXINYONGPIN。SOUXUNPINSHIXIAOFEIZHEZAIGOUMAIQIANJIUNENGLEJIEDAODESHIPINANQUANXINXI,JINGYANPINSHIXIAOFEIZHEZAISHIYONGZHIHOUCAINENGLEJIEDAODESHIPINANQUANXINXI,XINYONGPINSHIXIAOFEIZHEZAIGOUMAIQIANHUOGOUMAISHIYONGHOUYEWUFALEJIEDEGUANYUSHIPINANQUANDEBUFENXINXI。CONGSHIPINANQUANXINXIDEFENXIKEKANCHU,XIAOFEIZHEDUISOUXUNPINHEJINGYANPINDEXUQIUHUIDUISHIPINANQUANDEBIANHUAZUOCHUFANYING,DANDUIXINYONGPINDEXUQIUQUENANYIZUOCHUXIANGYINGDEFANYING。RANER,JIEZHUDUIXIANSHIZHONGDEXINYONGPINSHICHANGDEKAOCHA,ANDESEN(Andersen)FAXIAN,DANGMAIFANGMIANDUIJUYOUXINYONGPINXINXISHUXINGDESHIPINSHI,QIBINGBUSHIJIANDANDIJUJUEGOUMAI,HUOZHEZHISHIJIANDANDIYILAISHIFOUYOUDISANFANGDEJIANDUXINXI,MAIFANGYEHUIGENJUMAIFANGDESHENGYULAIPANDUANSHIFOUXIANGXINMAIFANGSUOSHUODEZHILIANGQINGKUANG。ZHEISHUOMING,ZAIXINYONGPINSHICHANGSHANG,SHENGYUJIZHIYEQIZUOYONG,GUANJIANSHIRUHEJIANLIZUGOUKEKAODESHENGYUJIZHI。

                                  ZAIZHONGGUOSHIPINSHICHANGYEZHENGMING,MOUXIESHIPINANQUANXINXISHUYUXINYONGPINSHUXING,DANSHICHANGRENGRANYOUZUOYONG。LIRU,JIUGUANGMINGRUYESHICHANGZHONGDEJICHUNIUNAILEIXINGERYAN,FENWEIZHIYOUQUANXIANRU、GUANGMINGJIANZHI90%XIANNAI、GUANGMINGJIANZHI50%XIANNAI、GUANGMINGYOUBEIXINXIANWUGAOPINZHIXIANNAI、GUANGMINGXINXIANWUNIUNAI(XIANGNONG3.5)DENG。BUTONGRUZHIPINYINGSHIZHILIANGCHAYI,ZHEIZHONGCHAYICUNZAISOUXUNPINHEJINGYANPINSHUXING,DANGENGDUOJUYOUXINYONGPINSHUXING。RANER,CONGSHICHANGXIAOSHOUKAN,ZHEIXIEBUTONGPINZHINIUNAITONGSHICUNZAI,QIEJIAGECHAYIHENDA(YOUDEXIANGCHA50%YISHANG)。ZHEISHUOMINGSHICHANGSHENGYUJIZHIDUIJUYOUXINYONGPINSHUXINGDESHIPINXINXIRENGRANYOUXIAO。

                                  SAN、SHOURUJIXIAOFEIGUANDUISHIPINANQUANXUQIUDEZHIYUE

                                星云棋牌官网下载   DUOSHUSHIPINANQUANSHIJIANDOUYUANYUANQUANXINXIDEXINYONGPINSHUXING。RUQIANSUOSHU,JINGUANSHIPINBUFENXINXISHUYUXINYONGPINSHUXING,DANSHICHANGZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGRENGYOUZUOYONG,ZHEIYAOQUJUEYUXIAOFEIZHEZHIFUYIYUAN。GENJUJINGJILILUN,WEIQUEBAOSHIPINANQUANXING,XIAOFEIZHEKETONGGUOGENGGAOZHIFUYIYUANXIANGSHICHANGFACHUXINHAO,JILIQIYETIGAOSHIPINANQUANXING。RANER,XIANSHIQINGKUANGBINGFEIRUCI。GENJU《SHIPINYAOPINANQUANYUJIANGUANZHENGCEYANJIUBAOGAO(2012)》ZHONGDEZILIAO,GONGZHONGZAIGOUMAISHIPINSHIPANDUANANQUANXINGDEYIJUFENBIESHI:PINPAIZHAN38.50%,BIAOQIANBIAOSHIZHAN25.31%,GOUMAICHANGSUOZHAN23.01%,QINYOUTUIJIANZHAN8.35%,ERGONGZHONGDUIJIAGEDEGUANZHUJINZHAN4.83%。

                                  ZHONGGUOXIAOFEIZHEDUISHIPINANQUANDEZHIFUYIYUANMINGXIANPIANDI,ZHEICHULESHOUDAOSHOURUDEXIANZHIWAI,XIAOFEIGUANNIANYESHIBUKEHULVEDEZHONGYAOYINSU。ZHONGGUOXIAOFEIZHEZHONGLIUCHENGYISHANGSHINONGMIN,XIAOFEIZHEZONGTISHOUJIAOYUSHUIPINGBIJIAODI,DUISHIPINANQUANXINGDEGUANZHUCHENGDUXIANGDUIJIAODI。XIANGYINGDI,TAMENDEZHIFUYIYUANHEYUANYIEWAIZHIFUDEEDUDOUYOUXIAN。YINGYISHIDAO,WEIYOUXIAODIBIMIANQIYETONGGUOYINZANGXINXISHENGCHANYOUANQUANYINHUANDESHIPINERHUOQULIRUN,XIAOFEIZHEZEYINGGAIBIANXIAOFEIGUANNIAN,TONGGUOTIGAOXIAOFEIZHICHUSHUIPINGBIAODADUIANQUANSHIPINDEXUQIUYIYUAN。SHIPINANQUANGONGJIZHUTISHIQIYE,XIAOFEIZHETONGGUOANQUANXUQIUHEZHIFUYIYUANXIANGSHICHANGCHUANDIXINHAO,NENGGOUJILIQIYETIGAOSHIPINDEANQUANXING。BIXUCHENGREN,ANQUANSHIPINYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGSHUYU“SHECHIPIN”。ZHEISHIYINWEI,QIYEWEITIGAOSHIPINANQUANXINGBIXUZENGJIACHENGBENTOURU,ERZENGJIADECHENGBENZEXUTONGGUOGENGGAODEJIAGELAIMIBU。DUIQIYEERYAN,SHOUYIDUICHENGBENDEBUCHANGSHIQITIGAOSHIPINANQUANXINGDEQIANTI。ERRUGUOXIAOFEIZHEDUIANQUANSHIPINZHIFUYIYUANPIANDI,ZETUICHUANQUANSHIPINSHICHANGKENENGJIUCHENGWEIQIYEMINGZHIDEXUANZE。

                                  LIRU,YAOSHENGCHANWUGONGHAINONGCHANPINHEYOUJISHIPINDENG,XUSHIYONGDIDUGAOXIAONONGYAOHESHENGWUNONGYAOYIJIANGDIHUAXUENONGYAOSHIYONGLIANG,ZHEIBUJINTIGAOCHENGBEN,QIETONGSHIJIANSHAOLECHANLIANG。SHICHANGJINGJIZHONG,GAOSHOURUSHIJILINONGMINFAZHANSHENGCHANDEGENBENDONGLI。DANMUQIANXIAOFEIZHEZONGTISHANGPIANXIANGXUANZEBIJIAOBIANYIDESHIPIN,ANQUANXINGGAODESHIPINZAISHICHANGZHONGHENNANMAICHUGAOJIA。LIRU,“WUKANGROU”(BUHANKANGSHENGSUDEZHUROU)DEJIAGEYOUYUJIAOYIBANZHUROUGAOCHU38%ZUOYOU,ZAISHICHANGSHANGJIUZAODAOXIAOFEIZHEDELENGLUO。YOUZHICHANPINBUNENGZAISHICHANGHUODEYINGYOUDEJIAGEBUCHANG,ZHEIZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGZHIYUELEANQUANSHIYONGNONGCHANPINDEFAZHAN。

                                  JUMEITIBAODAO,ZUOWEIKENDEJIDENGKUAICANDIANDEYUANLIAOJIBEIPUSHISHIYONGGUOLIANGKANGSHENGSUWEIYANGDE“SUSHENGJI”。ER“SUSHENGJI”GONGHUOSHANGSHIXINXIWANGDEZIGONGSILIUHEJITUAN。XINXIWANGLIUHEJITUANSHINONGYECHANYEHUAZHONGDIANLONGTOUQIYE,NIANJIAQINTUZAINENGLIDA10YIZHI。GUANCHAFAXIAN,LIUHEJITUANYUYANGZHIHUJIANANZHAO“GONGSI+NONGHU”MOSHIYUNZUO,GAIMOSHIYINGYOULIYUGONGSIDUINONGHUYANGZHIJIDEANQUANXINGJINXINGKONGZHI,DANSHISHIRANGRENPOGANYIWAI。YENEIZHIQINGRENFANYING,BUYAOYIWEILIUHEJITUANSHIMAIJIROUDE,QISHI,MAIYAOYICHENGWEILIUHEJITUANZHONGYAODESHOURU。LIUHEJITUANZAIXIANGYANGZHIHUSHOUGOUROUJIDETONGSHI,HAIXIANGQIKUNBANGXIAOSHOUZUOWEIJISILIAODEKANGSHENGSU。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   LIUHEJITUANDUINONGHUYANGZHIROUJIDEANQUANXINGBUJINMEIYOUKONGZHI,FANERSONGYONGQI“TOUDU”。CHULEQIANZEQIYELIANGZHIWAI,XURENSHIDAO,YOUYUXIAOFEIZHEDUIGAOCHENGBENYANGCHULAIDEROUJI“BUMAIZHANG”,POSHIQIYEYADICHENGBEN,XIANGXIAOFEIZHEXIAOSHOUDIJIACHANPIN。ZHEIWEIQIYESHENGCHANBUANQUANSHIPINMAIXIALEYINHUAN。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   SI、SHIPINANQUANWEIJIXIAXIAOFEIZHEDUISHIPINANQUANDEXUQIU

                                  ZAISHIPINSHENGCHANJISHUJINBUTUIDONGXIA,SHIPINSHENGCHANJINGYINGXIAOLVYOULEHENDATIGAO,ZHONGGUOSHIPINYEJINRUKUAISUZENGZHANGSHIQI。

                                  DANSHIPINYEDEKUAISUZENGZHANGDUISHIPINYUANLIAOGONGJI、JIAGONG、BAOZHUANGJIXIAOSHOUDENGHUANJIEDEANQUANGUANLIDOUTICHULETIAOZHAN。ZAISHIPINANQUANGUANLIMEIYOUJISHIGENSHANGDEQINGKUANGXIA,SHIPINSHULIANGDEKUAISUZENGZHANGZEKENENGYIJIANGDISHIPINANQUANXINGWEIDAIJIA。SUIZHESHIPINYEDEGAOSUFAZHAN,ZHONGGUOSHIPINANQUANSHIJIANYECHUYUGAOFAPINFAZHUANGTAI。TU1XIANSHILEZHONGGUOZI1999NIANZHI2012NIANSHIPINZHONGDUSHIJIANSHUYUSIWANGRENSHUQINGKUANG。CONGSHIJIANSHUSHANGKAN,2004NIANCHAOGUO2000JIAN,ZHIHOUYOUXIAJIANGQUSHI。DANCONGSIWANGRENSHUSHANGKAN,QIXIAJIANGQUSHIBINGBUMINGXIAN。SHUJUSHUOMINGZHONGGUOSHIPINANQUANZHUANGKUANGZHEIXIENIANMEIYOUDEDAOGENBENGAISHAN。

                                 论文摘要

                                  MIANDUIBUDUANCHUXIANSHIPINANQUANWEIJI,SUIZHESHOURUSHUIPINGDEZENGZHANG、XIAOFEIGUANNIANYIJIDUISHIPINANQUANFENGXIANMINGANXINGDEZHUANBIAN,ZHONGGUOXIAOFEIZHEZHENGZHUBUTIGAOSHIPINANQUANZHIFUYIYUAN(XUQIU)。JIANYUZHONGGUORUZHIPIN(TEBIESHIYINGYOUERXIAOFEIDERUZHIPIN)SHICHANGJINGLIGUODUOCISHIPINANQUANWEIJI,BENWENZHUYAOJIEZHUXIAOFEIZHEDUIRUZHIPINZHIFUYIYUANDEBIANHUALAISHUOMINGQIDUISHIPINANQUANXUQIUDEBIANHUA。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   2008NIANSANJUQINGANSHIJIANYILAI,GUONEIXIAOFEIZHEDUIJINKOURUZHIPINYILAIDUBUDUANTIGAO。ZAIXIANGGUANMEITI2012NIANDUI2146MINGXIAOFEIZHEJINXINGDEWENJUANDIAOCHAZHONG,YOU53%DESHOUFANGZHEBIAOSHIZHIGOUMAIYANGNAIFEN。ZAIZHONGGUOXIAOFEIZHEDUIYANGNAIFEN“GANGXING”XUQIUQUSHIXIA,CONG2008NIANZHIJIN,GUOWAIRUZHIPINQIYEPINGJIEQIZHILIANGHEPINPAIYOUSHIBUDUANKUODASHICHANG,SHICHANGFENECONG20%SHANGSHENGDAO60%。ZICI,JINKOURUZHIPINQIYEKAISHIKONGZHIDINGJIAQUAN,YANGNAIFENLUNFANZHANGJIA。2012NIAN9YUEXIAXUN,BAOKUODUOMEIZI、MEIZANCHENZAINEIDEDUOGEYANGNAIFENPINPAIZAIDUTIJIA,ZHEISHIBUFENYANGNAIFENYINIANZHONGDEDISIDUDIAOZHANG。

                                  2012NIAN,JINGUANJINKOUYUANLIAONAIFENJIAGECHIXUXIADIE(TU2),DANYANGNAIFENQUEBUDUANZHANGJIA,ERQIEZHANGJIAPINLVYUELAIYUEGAO,ZHANGFUCONGYIBANDE10%XIANG20%SHENZHIGENGGAOYUEJIN,SHIYANGNAIFENMAOLIGAODA60%~85%,JINGLIRUNLVDA18%~30%。

                                  论文摘要

                                  YU2008NIANXIANGBI,2012NIANMEIGUANYANGNAIFENZHISHAOTIJIA50YUAN,DUOZE100DUOYUAN。XIANGTONGPINPAIHERONGLIANGDEYANGNAIFEN,GUONEIWAIJIACHACHAOGUO2BEI。ERHENDUOJINKOUYINGYOUERNAIFENZAIGUONEIDEJIAGEYAOBIGUOWAIGAOCHU3DAO4BEI。JINGUANBUSHAORENDUIYUJINKOURUPINZHANGJIAPOYOUWEICI,DANSHIJIANZHENGMING,YILUGAOZHANGDEYANGNAIFENPINGJIEQIZHILIANGANQUANSHENGYUQUSHENG,HUOZHESHUO,GUOWAIRUQITONGGUOSHENGYUTOUZIHUODELESHENGYUYIJIA。

                                  CHENGRAN,XIAOFEIZHEDUIYANGNAIFENDEGAOZHIFUYIYUANYERANGBUSHAORENRENWEISHI“FEILIXING”DE。DANKEGUANERLUN,ZAIZIYOUQIANYUEDESHICHANGZHONG,MAIMAISHUANGFANGJIAOYIXINGWEIJUNSHUYU“LIXING”FANCHOU,YANGNAIFEN(ZHUYAOSHIYINGYOUERXIAOFEIDERUZHIPIN)JIAGEBUDUANPANSHENGSHIXIAOFEIZHEDUISHIPINANQUANZHIFUPIANHAODEZHENSHIFANYING。ERYUYANGNAIFENZAOSHOUBUTONG“DAIYU”DESHIJIAGEGAODEYOUDIAN“LIPU”DEYOUJISHUCAISHICHANG。LIRU,ZAIHANGZHOUBUFENCHAOSHI,PUTONGBAICAI3YUAN/JIN,ERYIPANGDEYOUJIBAICAIJIANGJIN15YUAN/JIN。RUCIJIAGECHAYIRANGDADUOSHUXIAOFEIZHE“WANGERQUEBU”。HANGZHOUBUFENYOUJISHUCAIDIANWUNAIXIEYEYEZHENGSHILEMUQIANYOUJISHUCAISHICHANGSHANGXIAN“LENGQING”。

                                  ZHEIYESHUOMING,YUYANGNAIFEN(ZHUYAOSHIYINGYOUERXIAOFEIDERUZHIPIN)XIANGBI,YOUJISHUCAIYOUGENGDUOQITASHUCAIZUOWEITIDAIPIN。DANYU“HUOBAO”YANGNAIFENSHICHANGXIANGTONGDESHI,ZHEIDOUQUJUEYUXIAOFEIZHEDUISHIPINZHILIANGANQUANDEXUQIU。

                                  WU、JIAGEGUANZHIXIAOGUOJIQIDUISHIPINANQUANDEYINGXIANG

                                星云棋牌官网下载   GUOZHANGQIYILAISHIXINGJIHUAJINGJI,SUIRANJINGLILEDUONIANJINGJITIZHIGAIGE,DANZHENGFUGUANLIJINGJIDEFANGSHIRENGYOUJIAOMINGXIANJIHUAJINGJIHENJI,MEIYOULIQINGZHENGFUYINGYOUDEZHINENG。ZHENGFUKONGZHIMOUZHONGSHIPINJIAGESHANGZHANG,DANSHENGCHANJINGYINGZHEIZHONGSHIPINDEYUANCAILIAO、DONGLIHERENGONGDENGCHENGBENQUEZAISHANGSHENG。ZHENGFUJIAGEGUANZHIXIA,DUIYUQULIQIYEERYAN,ZEKENENGTONGGUOJIANGDISHIPINANQUAN(ZHILIANG)SHUIPINGLAIDADAOJIANGDICHENGBENDEMUDE。LIRU,2008NIAN,ZHENGFUSHISHIJIAGEKONGZHIZHENGCE,JIGUIDINGSUOYOURUZHIPINZHANGJIABIXUDEDAOGUOJIAFAGAIWEIPIZHUN。ZAIJIAGEKONGZHIXIA,POSHIRUZHIPINQIYEZHIHAOYASUOYUANNAISHENGCHANJINGYINGDECHENGBEN。RUZHIPINQIYEXIANGNAIZHANYAJIA,NAIZHANZEZHIYOUXIANGNAINONGYADIJIAGE,DANNAINONGDESILIAODENGCHENGBENQUEZAIBUDUANSHANGSHENG,ZUIHOUDAOZHINAINONGYANGNIUSHIQULEYINGYOUDELIRUN。NAINONGMIANLINLIANGZHONGXUANZE:YAOMESHANIU,YAOMECHANJIA。NAINONGHENAIZHANDOUKENENGCHANJIA,ERRUZHIPINQIYEZEXUANZEMOXUZHEIZHONGXINGWEI。ZHEISHIYINWEI,BUCHANJIAKENENGYIJINGWUFARANGTAMENJIXUJINGYINGXIAQU。

                                  ERZUOWEISHIPINJIAGEKONGZHIDEGUOJIAFAGAIWEIBINGBULVXINGDUISHIPINANQUANGUANZHIDEZHINENG。ZHEIYANG,YOUYUZHENGFUWENDINGSHIPINJIAGEYUSHIPINANQUANKONGZHIMUBIAOJIANCUNZAICHONGTU,ZHISHIQIYEXUANZESHIPIN“BUZHANGJIA”ZHEIZHONGKANDEJIANDEMUBIAOLAIFUYANZHENGFUWUJIAKONGZHIBUMEN,ERZAISHIPINANQUANGUANZHIZHINENGSHANGWEIWANQUANDAOWEIDEQINGKUANGXIA,QIYEZEXUANZESHENGCHANCUNZAIANQUANYINHUANSHIPINZHEIZHONGHENNANBEIGUANZHIBUMENCHAJUEDEXINGWEI。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   GUANCHAFAXIAN,ZHENGFUZAIMIANDUITONGHUOPENGZHANGSHI,TONGCHANGBASHIPINJIAGESHANGSHENGZUOWEIZHUYAOYUANYIN。ZHEIYANG,ZHENGFUZEXIWANGTONGGUOKONGZHISHIPINJIAGELAIDADAOKONGZHITONGZHANGDEMUDE。LIRU,2010NIAN7YUE,ZHONGGUOCPITONGBISHANGZHANG3.3%,ERSHIPINJIAGETONGBISHANGZHANG6.8%,SHIPINJIAGESHANGZHANGFUDUMINGXIANGAOYUCPIDESHANGSHENGFUDU。DANXUYAOZHUYIDESHI,QIYETIGAOSHIPINANQUANXINGDEDAIJIAZEKENENGSHIJIANGDICHANLIANG,TIGAOJIAGE。TONGJIXIANSHI,2011NIAN6YUE,ZHONGGUOZHUROUJIAGEYUSHANGNIANTONGQIXIANGBISHANGSHENG57.1%。JUXIANGGUANZILIAOFENXI,YANGSHIZAI2011NIAN3YUEDUI“SHOUROUJING”WENTIJINXINGPUGUANGSHIZHUROUJIAGE“BAOZHANG”DEZHONGYAOYUANYIN。YINWEI“SHOUROUJING”SHIJIANFASHENGHOU,BUFENDIQUZHENGFUGUANZHIJIGOUJIADAPAICHAFENGCUNSHENGZHUDELIDU,ZHEIZHIJIEDAOZHIZHUROUGONGYINGJIANSHAO,JIAGEXUNSUSHANGSHENG。MIANDUISHIPINJIAGEDEKUAISUSHANGZHANG,ZHENGFUBUMENTONGCHANGHUIDUIJIAGEJINXINGKONGZHI。

                                  RANER,BUFENQIYEZAIZHANGJIASHOUDAOXIANZHIDEQINGKUANGXIA,WEILESHENGCUN,ZEXUANZETONGGUOSHENGCHANCUNZAIANQUANYINHUANDESHIPINJIANGDICHENGBEN,WEISHENGCUNZHENGQUKONGJIAN。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   WEICUJINJINGJIZENGZHANG,2008NIANZHENGFUCAIQUJIAOKUANSONGDEJINGJIZHENGCE,ZUOWEISHIPINQIYETOURUCHENGBENDEYUANCAILIAO、RANLIAO、DONGLIGOUJINJIAGEZHISHUYIJIJUMINXIAOFEIJIAGEZHISHUJUNCHENGXIANJIAODAFUDUSHANGSHENG。CHENGRAN,TONGSHIQISHIPINLINGSHOUJIAGEZHISHUYECHENGXIANSHANGSHENGQUSHI(TU3)。SHIPINLINGSHOUJIAGESHANGZHANGSHIFOUCUNZAIQIYEJIEZHULONGDUANDINGJIASUNHAIXIAOFEIZHELIYIDEQINGKUANGNI?

                                  FENXIZHONGGUOMUQIANSHIPINXINGYEDESHICHANGJIEGOUKEDUICIZUOCHUHUIYING。ZONGHEGUOWUYUANXINWENBAN2007NIAN8YUEFABIAODE《ZHONGGUODESHIPINZHILIANGANQUANZHUANGKUANG》BAIPISHUYU2011NIAN12YUEGUOJIAFAGAIWEI、GUOJIAGONGYEHEXINXIHUABUFABUDE《SHIPINGONGYE“SHIERWU”FAZHANGUIHUA》DEYOUGUANZILIAO,2006NIANQUANGUOGONGYOUSHIPINSHENGCHANJIAGONGQIYE44.8WANJIA,QIZHONG,GUIMOYISHANGQIYEYOU2.6WANJIA,GUIMOYIXIAQIE10RENYISHANGQIYEYOU6.9WANJIA,ER10RENYIXIAXIAOZUOFANGSHIQIYE35.3WANJIA。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   JINGUAN2011NIANQUANGUOGUIMOYISHANGSHIPINSHENGCHANJIAGONGQIYEYISHANGSHENGDAO3.1WANJIA,BI2006NIANZENGJIALE5000JIAZUOYOU,DANSHIPINSHENGCHANJIAGONGQIYEYI“XIAO、SAN、DI”WEIZHUDEGEJUMEIYOUDEDAOGENBENGAIBIAN,XIAOWEIXINGHEXIAOZUOFANGSHIDESHIPINSHENGCHANJIAGONGQIYERENGRANZHAN90%ZUOYOU。XIANRAN,CONGMUQIANZHONGGUOSHIPINXINGYEZHENGTIQINGKUANGKAN,SHANGWEIXINGCHENGJUYOULONGDUANDIWEIQIYEKONGZHISHICHANGDEJUMIAN。YEJIUSHISHUO,SHIPINLINGSHOUJIAGESHANGSHENGBINGFEIQIYELONGDUANDINGJIA,ERSHIXINGYEFAZHANSHIRAN。

                                 论文摘要

                                  JINGUANZHEIXIENIANSHIPINANQUANWEIJIZHONGZHONG,DANZHENGFURENGREZHONGYU“LIGANJIANYING”DEJIAGEGUANZHI。MIANDUIYILUZOUGAODEJINKOURUPINJIAGE,2013NIAN7YUE,GUOJIAFAGAIWEIKAISHIDIAOCHAXIANGGUANRUZHIPINQIYEZONGXIANGLONGDUANJIAGECAOZONGXINGWEI。ZAIGUOJIAFAGAIWEIQIDONGFANLONGDUANDIAOCHAHOU,YOU8JIANAIFENQIYEBIAOSHIJIANGPEIHEDIAOCHA,CHENGNUONAIFENJIANGJIA。GUOJIAFAGAIWEIZUIZHONGDUI6JIARUZHIPINQIYE(QIZHONG5JIASHIWAIQI)KAICHU6.7YIYUANDEJUEFADAN。

                                  RANER,DIAOCHAXIANSHI,ZAIFAKUANSHANGJIAOHOU,BAOKUODUOMEIZI、MEIZANCHENDENGZAINEIDEDUOGEPINPAIYIRANYANXUFANLONGDUANQIANDEXIAOSHOUZHENGCE,JIAGEBINGWEIFASHENGMINGXIANGAIBIAN。HESHENGYUANZHONGQIYEJIXIANSHI,HESHENGYUANSHANGBANNIANSHOURU20.62YIYUAN。JIBIANTICHUSHANGJIAODE1.63YIYUANFAJIN,SHANGBANNIANJINGLIRUNYIRANDADAO4.6YIYUAN,SHANGSHENG68.1%,JINGLIRUNLVGAODADAO22.3%。SHUOMINGSUOWEIDEJUEFAJINDUITILIANGDA、LIRUNGAO、QIEZHENGCHUYUSHANGSHENGQIDERUZHIPINQIYELAISHUO,ZHINENGQIDAOSHIFENYOUXIANDEJINGSHIZUOYONG。

                                  WEIRAOZHEICIFANLONGDUANDIAOCHAYIJIRUZHIPINQIYESHOUDAODEFADANGEZHONGZHENGYIBUDUAN。ZANTONGGUANDIANRENWEI,ZAIJINXINGFANLONGDUANDIAOCHAQIJIAN,NAIFENJIAGEQUESHIYOUSUOHUILUO,XIAOGUOYITIXIANCHULAI。YUCITONGSHI,YEBUDUANCHUANCHUDUICICIFANLONGDUANDIAOCHAHEFAKUANDEZHIYISHENG,ZHUYAOGUANDIANYOU:QIYI,MIANDUIGUOJIAFAGAIWEIFANLONGDUANDIAOCHA,JINKOURUZHIPINQIYEJIANGJIACHENGYIBUZU,QIYECHENGNUODEJIANGJIASHIZAIGAOCUXIAO。QIER,JINKOUNAIFENJIANGJIAKENENGJINXIANYUSHENGCHANHUANJIE,ERLINGSHOUZHONGDUANWEIBIHUIDUIJIAGEZUOCHUYINGYOUDIAOZHENG。QISAN,FANLONGDUANDIAOCHAHOU,JINKOURUZHIPINQIYEFENFENJIANGJIA,RUCIMOQIPEIHEJIANGJIA,QIMUDESHIZHENGDUOGENGDUOSHICHANGFENE,TONGGUOKUODASHICHANGSHISHIHENGXIANGLONGDUAN。QISI,JINGUANJINKOURUZHIPINQIYEZONGTISHANGZAIZHONGGUOSHICHANGZHANYOUJIAOGAOFENE,DANSHICHANGSHANGBUTONGDANGCIRUZHIPINDOUCUNZAITIDAIPIN,RUZHIPINSHICHANGBUCUNZAILONGDUANDINGJIAWENTI。YOUQISHI,GONGXUJUEDINGRUZHIPINJIAGE,ERYURUZHIPINCHANYELIANDEBIANHUAMEIYOUBIRANLIANXI。QIYEXIANGSHICHANGTIGONGRUZHIPIN,QIJIAGEZUIZHONGYOUXIAOFEIZHEZHIFUYIYUANJUEDING。ERZUOWEIFANLONGDUANDIAOCHA“SHOUYIZHE”DEXIAOFEIZHEYEYOUGULV,JIRUZHIPINQIYEWEIJUEFADANFUCHUDEDAIJIA,HENKENENGHUIBIANXIANGBAZHEIXIECHENGBENZUIZHONGZHUANJIAJIXIAOFEIZHE。

                                  ZHENDUIGUOJIAFAGAIWEIPOSHIRUZHIPINQIYEJIANGDINAIFENJIAGEDEFANLONGDUANDIAOCHA,RUZHIPINQIYESHI“SHANGYOUZHENGCE,XIAYOUDUICE”,BIAOMIANKANSIRUZHIPINQIYE“KANGJU”FALVZHICAI,DANSHIZHISHANGSHIXIAOFEIZHEDUIJINKOUNAIFENDEQIANGDAXUQIUWEIZHEIXIERUZHIPINQIYE“CHENGYAO”。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   WOMENZHIDAO,GUOJIAFAGAIWEIZHISUOYIDUIRUZHIPINQIYEKAICHUFADAN,SHIJIYURUZHIPINQIYEYONGYOULONGDUANDIWEI,ZAIQUEFASHICHANGJINGZHENGYUESHUDEQINGKUANGXIA,DUIRUZHIPINQIYE“LONGDUAN”DINGJIAXINGWEIZEYAOJIEZHUFANLONGDUANZHENGCEDEKONGZHI。DANLILUNYUSHIJIANZHENGMING,ZAIMEIYOUZHENGFUXINGZHENGGANYUDESHICHANGZHONG,QIYEJIUSUANSHIXINGCHENGLESHICHANGZHONGDEJINGJIXINGLONGDUAN,DANMIANLINDEJINGZHENGYALIRENGRANHENDA。ZHEISHIYINWEI,ZAISHICHANGWAIYOUDALIANGQIANZAIJINGZHENGZHESUISHIZHUNBEIJINRUCUNZAIYINGLIKONGJIANDESHICHANG,QILONGDUANDIWEIWUSHIWUKEBUZAOSHOUQIANZAIJINGZHENGZHEDEWEIXIE,SHAOYOUBUSHENJIUHUIBEIQITAQIYETIDAI。YINGGAISHUO,SHICHANGDEKAIFANG、JINGZHENGCAISHIBAOHUXIAOFEIZHEHUOQUYOUZHIYOUJIACHANPINHEFUWUDEGENBENBAOZHANG。

                                  MUQIANZHONGGUORUZHIPINSHICHANGGEJUSHISHICHANGJINGZHENGDEJIEGUO。ERZAIGAIANJIANZHONG,FANLONGDUANFASUOCHENGFADEZHENGSHIZHEIXIETONGGUOJINGZHENGHUODEYOUSHIDERUZHIPINQIYE。DANSHISHIFANLONGDUANFADEMUDEYINGSHIWEIHUSHICHANGJINGZHENG,ERBUSHITANHUSHICHANGZHONGDEJINGZHENGZHE。CILUNDUIRUZHIPINQIYEDEFANLONGDUANDIAOCHA,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGYIZHILERUZHIPINSHICHANGDEYOUXIAOJINGZHENG。

                                  FENXIFAXIAN,ZHEICIDUIRUZHIPINQIYEJINXINGFANLONGDUANDIAOCHASHIJIYUQIANQIZHENGFUCHUTAIXILIEZHENGDUNSHIPINANQUANZHILIANGZHENGCE,WEIFANGZHIZHENGDUNHOUDERUZHIPINXINGYEJIAGESHANGSHENG,JIEZHUFANLONGDUANDIAOCHADUIRUZHIPINQIYEQIDAOJINGSHIZUOYONG。DANWENTISHI,FANLONGDUANJIAGEGUANZHIHUIDUIRUZHIPINZHILIANGANQUANCHANSHENGZENYANGDEYINGXIANGNI?XIAOFEIZHEGOUMAICHANPINHEFUWUTONGCHANGZAI“XINGJIABI”JIANJINXINGXUANZE。JUTIERYAN,JIUSHIZAICHANPINHEFUWUMANZUXIAOFEIZHEPIANHAODENENGLIYUJIAGEJIANJINXINGQUANHENG。ZHENDUISHIPINGOUMAI,ZEYINGSHISHOUXIANXUANZEANQUANXING,QICIZAIKAOLVJIAGE。WEIZUNZHONGXIAOFEIZHEXUANZE,SHIPINANQUANWEIJIZHONGZHONG,ZHENGFUYINGSHENYONGJIAGEGUANZHI。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   LIU、FANGSONGJIAGEGUANZHI,JIAQIANGSHIPINANQUANGUANZHI

                                  (YI)ZHENGFUDUISHIPINANQUANDEGUANZHIZHINENG

                                  ZHONGGUOSHUYUJINGJIZHUANXINGGUOJIA,GUANZHISHIZAIJINXINGSHICHANGHUAGAIGEGUOCHENGZHONGBUDUANJIAQIANGDEZHENGFUZHINENGZHIYI。XUYINQIZHUYIDESHI,SUIZHELONGDUANXINGCHANYEBUDUANFANGSONGGUANZHI,ZHENGFUYINGZHUBUFANGQIDUICHANYEDEJINGJIXINGGUANZHI(ZHUYAOBAOKUOJINRU、TUICHUYIJIJIAGEGUANZHIDENG),BUDUANQIANGHUADUISHIPINANQUAN、HUANJINGBAOHUHEGONGZUOCHANGSUOANQUANDENGDESHEHUIXINGGUANZHI。ERDUOSHUSHIPINSHICHANGSHUYUJINGZHENGXINGSHICHANG,QIYEJINRU、TUICHUYIJISHIPINJIAGEYOUSHICHANGJINGZHENGJUEDING,ZHENGFUYINGZHUYAOLVXINGDUISHIPINANQUAN(ZHILIANG)DESHEHUIXINGGUANZHIZHINENG。SHIPINANQUANGUANZHISHIZHENGFUTONGGUOZHIDINGFALVFAGUI,JIEZHUZHENGFUQIANGZHIXINGZHENGCEHESHOUDUANYUESHUSHIPINSHENGCHANJINGYINGZHEXINGWEI,SHIQIJUECEFUHESHEHUIDEZONGTILIYI。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   JUTIERYAN,YINGTONGGUOJIANLIXIANGDUIDULIDEZHENGFUGUANZHIJIGOU,KEXUEZHIDINGSHIPINANQUANBIAOZHUN,QIANGZHIYAOQIUQIYETIGONGFUHEANQUANBIAOZHUNDESHIPIN,DUIWEIGUIQIYESHISHICHUFA,DADAOJILIQIYESHENGCHANJINGYINGANQUANSHIPINDEMUDE。SUIRANGUANZHIZHIDUZAIJILIQIYEKONGZHISHIPINANQUANFANGMIANQIZHEHENZHONGYAOZUOYONG,DANZHONGGUOSHIPINANQUANGUANZHIJIGOUSHEZHIHENBUHELI,ZAI2013NIAN3YUEDEGUOWUYUANJIGOUGAIGEQIAN,ZHONGGUOZHISHAOYOU17GEBUMENFUZEGUANLISHIPINANQUAN,DUOBUMENFENJIEDUANGUANLIMOSHIDAOZHI“DOUZAIGUAN、DOUBUGUAN、DOUFUZE、DOUBUFUZE”DEGANGA。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   2013NIAN3YUE,GUOWUYUANJIGOUSHISHIGAIGE,JIANGSHIPINANQUANBAN、SHIPINYAOPINJIANGUANJU、ZHIJIANZONGJUYIJIGONGSHANGZONGJUDESHIPINANQUANJIANGUANZHIZEJINXINGZHENGHE,ZUJIANGUOJIASHIPINYAOPINJIANDUGUANLIZONGJU。QIZHUYAOZHIZEJIUSHIDUISHENGCHAN、LIUTONG、XIAOFEIHUANJIEDESHIPINHEYAOPINDEANQUANXINGSHISHITONGYIJIANDUGUANLIDENG。ZHEIYIGAIGEXIANRANYOUZHUYUTIGAOSHIPINANQUANGUANZHIXIAOLV。RANER,XUZHUYIDESHI,DANGQIANZHONGGUOZHENGFUGUANYUANPOYUGDPZHENGJIKAOHEDEYALI,BUFENSHIPINANQUANGUANZHIZHINENGMEIYOULUOSHIDAOWEI,ZAIJIASHANGGUANZHIFANGFALUOHOUDENGWENTI,YOUDAOLEQIYESHENGCHANJINGYINGBUANQUANSHIPINDEJIHUIZHUYIXINGWEI。JIANYUCI,TONGGUOZHENGFUGUANZHIKONGZHISHIPINANQUAN,JIDAIDIAOZHENGZHENGFUJIXIAOKAOHEDAOXIANG,RANGZHENGFUYOUXIAODILVXINGSHIPINANQUANGUANZHIZHINENG。

                                  (ER)DIAOZHENGZHENGFUGUANZHIZHINENG,QIANGHUASHIPINANQUANGUANZHI

                                  ZHONGGUOJINXINGSHICHANGHUAGAIGEYIJINGSANSHIDUONIAN,DUIYUJINGZHENGXINGDESHIPINSHICHANG,ZHENGFUZHINENGYINGJISHIZUOCHUDIAOZHENG,JIZHURUSHIPINJIAGEHESHULIANGZHEIXIESHICHANGYOUNENGLIDIAOJIEDEJINGJIZHIBIAO,ZHENGFUYINGFANGSONGGUANZHI;ERSHICHANGZAIDUISHIPINANQUANKONGZHIWENTISHANGHENRONGYICHUXIANSHILING,ZHENGFUYINGQIANGHUAZHEILEISHEHUIXINGGUANZHIZHINENG。FOUZE,ZHENGFUGUANZHIZHINENGYIDANCUOWEI,BUJINBUNENGJIEJUESHICHANGSHILING,FANERHUIJIAJUZHURUSHIPINANQUANSHICHANGDESHILING。

                                  YEJIUSHISHUO,DANGQIANFASHENGZHEIXIESHIPINANQUANSHIJIAN,CHULESHICHANGBENSHENSHILINGWAI,HAIYUZHENGFUGUANZHIZHINENGCUOWEIYOUGUAN。YOUYUZHENGFUKONGZHISHIPINSHICHANGZHINENGMOHU,BENZHISHANGJISHENGCHANJINGYINGSHIPINDEQIYEDAILAIHENDABUQUEDINGXING,SHIQIMEIYOUWENDINGDEYUQI。ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,QIYEBUHUIKAOLVZHANGQIDEXINYUTOUZI。XIANRAN,YAOGUIFANSHIPINSHICHANGYIDINGSHOUXIANYAOGUIFANZHENGFUXINGWEI,MEIYOUGUIFANDEZHENGFUXINGWEIBUHUIYOUGUIFANDESHICHANGXINGWEI。

                                  KEYISHUO,ZHENGFUSHIPINJIAGEGUANZHIYUANQUANGUANZHIMUBIAOJIANDECHONGTUJIAJULESHICHANGSHILING。WEIGAISHANSHIPINANQUANGUANZHIXIAOGUO,BIXUJINKUAIFANGQIZHENGFUBUYINGLVXINGDEJIAGEGUANZHIZHIZE,TONGSHIDANFUQIYINGGAILVXINGDESHIPINANQUANGUANZHIZHINENG。2013NIANNIANDI,MENGNIU、SANYUAN、GUANGMINGDENGQIYEFENFENKAISHISHANGDIAORUZHIPINJIAGE。2013NIAN11YUE15RI,SANYUANSHIPINZAIQIGUANFANGWANGZHANFABULEDIAOJIATONGGAO,12YUEQIJIANGSHANGDIAOXIANNAI、SUANNAIDENGBUFENCHANPINJIAGE,PINGJUNZHANGFUSHI8%。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   ZHIHOU,GUANGMINGRUYEYEXUANBU,CONG12YUE1RIQISHANGDIAOQIXIANIUNAIHESUANNAIJIAGE,JIAQUANPINGJUNSHANGDIAOFUDUYUEWEI8%~9%,BAOKUOXINXIANNIUNAI、XINXIANSUANNAI、CHANGWENNIUNAI、CHANGWENSUANNAIDENGPINZHONG。ZHEILUNRUZHIPINJIAGESHANGZHANGDEYUANYIN,YISHIYUANLIAONAIGONGJIDUANQUE,GUONEIDUIRUZHIPINDEXUQIUQUECHIXUZENGZHANG,DAOZHIYOUZHINAIYUANJIAGEBUDUANSHANGZHANG;ERSHIWULIU、RENGONGDENGJIAGONGZHIZAOYEDECHENGBENJUNMINGXIANSHANGFUZAOCHENGDEYALI。MIANDUICILUNRUZHIPINJIAGESHANGDIAO,ZHENGFUXIANGGUANBUMENBINGWEITICHURUHEKONGZHIRUZHIPINJIAGESHANGZHANGDEZHENGCE,ERSHIDUIKONGZHIRUZHIPINANQUANFENGXIANJIYULETEBIEGUANZHU。ZAIFAXIAN2013NIANYIDUANSHIJIANNAIYUANJINZHANG、NAIJIASHANGZHANGKENENGZAOCHENGDEANQUANYINHUANHOU,GUOWUYUANSHIANBANZHAOJI8JIARUZHIPINGUGANQIYEDAIBIAOHEBEIJING、NEIMENGGUDENG7GESHENG(QU、SHI)SHIPINANQUANBANFUZEREN,ZHAOKAIRUZHIPINSHENGCHANQIYEZUOTANHUI,MUDESHIBAOZHANGYUANNAIZHILIANG。BEIJINGSHISHIYAOJIANJUYEZHAOJIQUANSHI24JIARUZHIPINSHENGCHANQIYEHE12GEQUXIANSHIYAOJIANFENJUDENGBUMEN,MINGQUEYAOQIURUZHIPINSHENGCHANQIYEYANGEZHIXINGYUANFULIAOJINHUOYANSHOUBAGUANZHIDU,QUEBAOSHENGXIANRUZHIPINCAIGOUQUDAOZHENGGUI、WENDING,SUOYOUSHENGXIANRUZHIPINBIXULAIZIDENGJIBEIANDEBIAOZHUNHUAGUIMOYANGZHICHANGHEXIAOQUHUOZHEZHENGGUISHENGXIANRUZHIPINSHOUGOUZHAN。

                                  YEXUCILUNRUZHIPINJIAGESHANGDIAOMEIYOUZAICPISHANGZHANGYALIHENDADEHUANJINGXIAJINXING,ZHENGFUBUMENMIANDUIRUZHIPINJIAGESHANGDIAOSIHUBIJIAOCONGRONG。DANCONGZHINENGDINGWEILAIKAN,ZHENGFUBUMENYINGGAISHIZHAOZHUNLE“WEIZHI”。

                                  ZAIMINGQUEDUISHIPINANQUANDEGUANZHIZHINENGHOU,SHIPINANQUANGUANZHIJIGOUYINGJIADACAIZHENGTOURU,TONGGUOGAIJINGUANZHIFANGFA,DADAOTIGAOGUANZHIXIAOGUODEMUDE。BAOKUOJIANLICHANGGUIXINGSHIPINANQUANGUANZHIZHIDU、TIGAODUISHIPINQIYEDEJIANCHALIDUHEBEIWURANSHIPINDEJIANCENENGLI、TIGAOSHIPINANQUANXINXIGUANLIXIAOLV、JIANSHECHENGXINPINGJIATIXI、KEXUEGOUJIANSHIPINANQUANBIAOZHUNTIXI、JIANLISHIPINANQUANKEZHUISUTIXIYIJIZENGJIASHIPINANQUANJIANCEJISHUTOURUDENG。

                                  KEYIYUJIANDESHI,ZAIYOUXIAODESHIPINANQUANGUANZHIZHIDUYUESHUXIA,GUONEIRUZHIPINQIYEBIXUZAIQUEBAORUZHIPINZHILIANGANQUANDEQIANTIXIAZHANKAIJINGZHENG。JINGZHENGGUOCHENGZHONG,GUONEIRUZHIPINQIYEBUDUANTISHENGSHENGCHANXIAOLVYIJIRUZHIPINPINZHI。YIDANXIAOFEIZHEZHONGSHIDUIGUONEIRUZHIPINDEXINXIN,ZEWUXU“FEILIXING”TUICHONGJINKOURUZHIPIN,JINKOURUPINJIAGEXIAJIANGYEJIUZHIRIKEDAILE。

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