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                                学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 社会学论文 > 食品安全论文

                                食品添加剂在使用中的问题与食品安全建议

                                时间:2014-05-28 来源:未知 作者:小韩 本文字数:2413字

                                  1 食品添加剂的管理现状分析
                                  
                                  1.1 我国食品添加剂行业监管系统。我国从 20 世纪 50 年代开始对食品添加剂实行管理,20 世纪 60 年代后加强了对食品添加剂的生产管理和质量监督。2009 年 6 月 1 日实行的《食品安全法》对食品添加剂的监督管理确立了分段监管的体制,各部门分工明确。卫生部负责食品添加剂的安全性评价和制定食品安全国家标准;质检总局负责食品添加剂生产和食品生产企业使用食品添加剂监管;工商部门负责依法加强流通环节食品添加剂质量监管;食品药品监管局负责餐饮服务环节使用食品添加剂监管:农业部门负责农产品生产环节监管工作;商务部门负责生猪屠宰监管工作;工信部门负责食品添加剂行业管理、制定产业政策和指导生产企业诚信体系建设。

                                  1.2 ZHENGFUCHENGLIQUANGUODAJIWEIFATIANJIAFEISHIYONGWUZHIHELANYONGSHIPINTIANJIAJIZHUANXIANGZHENGZHILINGDAOXIAOZU。CONG 2009 NIAN 12 QI,WEISHENGBULIANHEJIUBUWEIZAIQUANGUOFANWEINEILIANHEKAIZHANLE“DAJIWEIFATIANJIAFEISHIYONGWUZHIHELANYONGSHIPINTIANJIAJIDEZHUANXIANGZHENGZHIXINGDONG”,JIANGBAOKUOSHIPINTIANJIAJIZAINEIDE 8 GEXINGYEZUOWEIZHENGZHIZHONGDIAN。2011 NIAN 4 YUE 21 RI,GUOWUYUANBANGONGTINGXIAFALE《GUANYUYANLIDAJISHIPINFEIFATIANJIAXINGWEIQIESHIJIAQIANGSHIPINTIANJIAJIJIANGUANDETONGZHI》,YAOQIUQUANMIANBUSHUKAIZHANYANLIDAJISHIPINFEIFATIANJIAHELANYONGSHIPINTIANJIAJIDEZHUANXIANGXINGDONG。

                                  1.3 WOGUOSHIPINTIANJIAJIXINGYEBIAOZHUNTIXI。SHIPINTIANJIAJICHANPINBIAOZHUNYOUJISHUZHIBIAOYUXIANGYINGDEJIANDINGHEJIANCEFANGFAGOUCHENG,NEIRONGBAOKUOPINZHONGTEXING、GUIGE、JISHUZHIBIAO、SHIYANFANGFA、JIANYANGUIZE、BIAOZHI、BIAOQIAN、BAOZHUANG、ZHUZANGHEYUNSHUDENG。JUCHUBUTONGJI,MUQIANWOGUOGONGYOUSHIPINTIANJIAJICHANPIN(BUBAOKUOXIANGLIAO、YINGYANGQIANGHUAJI)BIAOZHUN 272 XIANG,QIZHONGSHIPINANQUANGUOJIABIAOZHUN 84 XIANG,GUOJIABIAOZHUN 91 XIANG,XINGYEBIAOZHUN 37 XIANG;ZHIDINGBIAOZHUN 60 XIANG;GONGYOUYINGYANGQIANGHUAJIPINZHONGBIAOZHUN 39XIANG,QIZHONGSHIPINANQUANGUOJIABIAOZHUN 12 XIANG,GUOJIABIAOZHUN 8 XIANG,ZHIDINGBIAOZHUN 19XIANG;GONGYOUXIANGLIAOPINZHONGBIAOZHUN 160 XIANG(BAOKUOSHIYONGXIANGLIAOBIAOZHUNYURIYONGXIANGLIAOBIAOZHUN),QIZHONGSHIPINANQUANGUOJIABIAOZHUN 2 XIANG,GUOJIABIAOZHUN 27 XIANG,XINGYEBIAOZHUN 97XIANG,ZHIDINGBIAOZHUN 34 XIANG,QITAXIANGLIAOXIANGJINGBIAOZHUN 9 XIANG。

                                  2 食品添加剂在使用方面存在的主要问题
                                  
                                  2.1 食品添加剂用量超标。目前,我国食品添加剂行业对添加剂的使用量严重超标。根据相关规定对于食品添加剂的使用量要做到精确的计量,如果超过了使用量,就会对人体造成伤害,现在很多企业超量使用添加,部分小企业缺少精确的计量设备,从而导致食品添加剂使用量超标。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   HAIYOUYIXIESHIPINZAISHENGCHANDEGUOCHENGZHONGYIJINGTIANJIALETIANJIAJI,RANHOUYOUTIANJIALEYIXIEFUHEXINGDESHIPINTIANJIAJI,YOUYUDUOHUANJIEDESHIYONGSHIPINTIANJIAJI,DADAZENGJIALETIANJIAJIDESHIYONGLIANG,DAOZHISHIPINDETIANJIAJIYANZHONGCHAOBIAO,JINERDUIRENTIZAOCHENGHENDADESHANGHAI,YINFAHENDUOSHIWUZHONGDUDEQINGKUANG,YINCI,BIXUZHONGSHISHIPINTIANJIAJIDESHIYONGWENTI。

                                  2.2 BIAOSHIBUFUHEGUIDING。MUQIAN,HENDUOSHIPINQIYEDEGUANLIZHEHUSHI《SHIPINANQUANFA》,BUZUNSHOUSHIPINANQUANDEXIANGGUANGUIDING,ZAISHANGPINDEBAOZHUANGSHANG,BUMINGQUESHIPINTIANJIAJIDEBIAOSHI,GENGYANZHONGDESHIYIMEIYOUTIANJIASHIPINTIANJIAJILAIQIPIANXIAOFEIZHE,YANZHONGQINFANLEXIAOFEIZHEDEZHIQINGQUAN,YOUYUXIAOFEIZHEDUISHIPINTIANJIAJIDESHIYONGQINGKUANGBINGBULEJIE,YINCI,HUIWUDAOXIAOFEIZHEDUISHIPINTIANJIAJIDERENSHI。

                                  2.3 WEIJINSHIYONGFEIFATIANJIAWU。WEIJINSHIYONGFEIFATIANJIAWUSHIZHIJIANGYANJINZAISHIPINZHONGSHIYONGDEHUAGONGYUANLIAOHUOYAOWUDANGCHENGSHIPINTIANJIAJILAISHIYONG。SANJUQINGAN“DUNAIFEN”SHIJIAN,SHIWEIFAJIANGFEIFATIANJIAWUDANGCHENGSHIPINTIANJIAJISHIYONGDEDIANXINGANLI;LAJIAOJIANGJIQIZHIPIN、KENDEJI、HONGXINYADANDENGSHIPINZHONGFAXIANSUDANHONG;GONGYEYONGHUOJIAN、GUOYANGHUAQINGHEJIAQUANCHULISHUIFASHIPIN;GONGYEYONGDIAOBAIKUAIYONGYUMIANFENPIAOBAI;SHUANGHUI“SHOUROUJING”SHIJIAN;ZAIMANTOUZHIZUOGUOCHENGZHONGLANYONGLIUHUANGXUNZHENGMANTOU,ZHISHIMANTOUZHONGWEISHENGSU B SHOUDAOPOHUAI;JIANGYINGGUANGZENGBAIJICHANRUMIANTIAO、FENSIYONGYUZENGBAI;CAIYONGNONGYAODUOJUNLINGDENGSHUIRONGYEJINPAOGUOPINFANGFU;JIAQUANYONGYUYULEIFANGFUDENGDOUSHIZAISHIPINZHONGWEIJINSHIYONGFEIFATIANJIAWUDEXIANXIANG。GUOJIAGUIDINGBIXUSHIYONGSHIPINJIDESHIPINTIANJIAJI,ERYOUXIESHIPINSHENGCHANQIYEWEILEJIANGDICHENGBENSHIYONGGONGYEJIDETIANJIAJI,RUGONGYEJITANSUANQINGANZUOSHIPINSHUSONGJI。YECUNZAIWEIYANGAISHIPINZHILIANGWENTISHIYONGSHIPINTIANJIAJIDEQINGKUANG,RUZAIBUXINXIANDELUCAIZHONGJIAFANGFUJI,ZAIBIANZHIYOUYIWEIDEROUZHIPINZHONGJIAXIANGLIAO、SESUDENG。

                                  3 关于食品添加剂和食品安全的建议
                                  
                                  3.1 对消费者进行科普教育。利用现代媒体的优势,增加消费者对食品添加剂的相关知识的了解。从科学的角度,认识食品添加剂使用的重要性,了解食品添加剂的使用原则和主要作用以及食品添加剂的行业使用标准,从而减少以往对食品添加剂的错误认识,正确对食品添加剂的使用问题。

                                  3.2 GOUJIANSHIPINTIANJIAJIFENGXIANPINGGUHEJIAOLIUJIGOU。SHELIZHUANYEFENGXIANJIAOLIUJIGOU,ZUZHIKAIZHANSHIPINTIANJIAJIDEFENGXIANPINGGUHEFENGXIANJIAOLIU,JIANLIDUOFANGHUDONGDESHIPINANQUANFENGXIANJIAOLIUJIZHI,QUEBAOYOUGUANSHIPINTIANJIAJIHESHIPINANQUANFENGXIANDEXINXINENGGOUZHUNQUEWUWUBINGCHIXUBUDUANDICHUANBODAOCHANYEHEXIAOFEIZHEDANGZHONG。JISHIFABUDUIYUREDIANSHIPINANQUANWENTIDEKEXUEJIESHI,ZAIDIYISHIJIANWEIXIAOFEIZHEDAYIJIEHUO,JISHIBIMIANGONGZHONGCHANSHENGXINLIKONGHUANG。TONGGUOFENGXIANJIAOLIUBANGZHUGUANGDAXIAOFEIZHEKEXUEZHENGQUEDIRENSHISHIPINTIANJIAJIHESHIPINANQUANWENTI,ZENGQIANGDUISHIPINTIANJIAJIHESHIPINANQUANDEXINXIN。

                                  3.3 WANSHANSHIPINTIANJIAJIGUANLIDEFALVFAGUIHEBIAOZHUNTIXIJIANSHE。SHIPINTIANJIAJIDEANQUANXINGSHIYOUTIAOJIANDE。BUSHIJUEDUIDE,BIXUZHENGQUESHIYONGTIANJIAJICAINENGGENGHAODIWEIHUSHIPINANQUAN,WEILEDAJIFEIFATIANJIA,WOGUOZHENGFUJINNIANYIJINGSHELILEYIXILIEFAGUIBIAOZHUN。SHIPINANQUANFADUISHIPINTIANJIAJIDESHENGCHANJINGYINGHESHIYONGJIANGUANDOUTICHULEGENGGAODEYAOQIU,NENGGENGHAODISHIYINGDANGQIANDEXINXINGSHI。SHIPINTIANJIAJISHIYONGBIAOZHUNZHONGGUIDINGLESHIPINTIANJIAJIDESHIYONGYUANZE、PINZHONG、FANWEIHEYONGLIANGDENG,DUIGUIFANSHIPINTIANJIAJIDEANQUANXINGPINGJIA,BAOZHENGHELISHIYONGFAHUILEZHONGYAOZUOYONGDANTONGSHIYEYAOKANDAO,WOGUODESHIPINTIANJIAJIBIAOZHUNTIXIHAIBUGOUWANSHAN,SHIDEYIXIEQIYEYOUJIKECHENG,BUGUIFANSHIYONGSHIPINTIANJIAJI。JINYIBUWANSHANFALVFAGUIHEBIAOZHUNTIXIJIANSHEDUIYUSHIPINTIANJIAJIDEANQUANSHENGCHAN、HELIJINGYINGHEZHENGQUESHIYONGFEICHANGZHONGYAO。

                                  ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,WOGUOSHIPINTIANJIAJIDESHIYONGCUNZAIHENDUODEWENTI,YANZHONGYINGXIANGLERENMENDESHENTIJIANKANG,YINCI,XIANGGUANBUMENBIXUJIAYIZHONGSHI,TONGSHIZENGJIAXIAOFEIZHEDUISHIPINTIANJIAJIXIANGGUANZHISHIDELEJIE,JIANSHAOXIAOFEIZHEDUIQICHANSHENGDEWUJIE,HAIYAOJIAQIANGDUISHIPINSHENGCHANQIYEDEGUANLI,TIGAOQIYEFALVYISHI。DUISHIPINANQUANFANGMIANSHIPINTIANJIAJISHIYONGWENTIDEYANJIURENGCUNZAIBUZUZHICHU,YIHOUHUIDUIQIYOUGENGSHENYIBUDEYANJIU,XIANGXINWOGUOSHIPINANQUANWENTIHUIZHUBUJIANSHAO。

                                  CANKAOWENXIAN[1] WANGJING,SUNBAOGUO。SHIPINTIANJIAJIYUSHIPINANQUAN[J].ZHONGGUOKEXUE,2013,58(26):2619-2625.

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