星云棋牌官网下载

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                          学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 法学论文 > 法律论文 > 森林法论文

                          林业执法中面临的困境与应对措施

                          时间:2018-12-19 来源:绿色科技 作者:陈华盛 本文字数:3408字

                            摘    要:星云棋牌官网下载 指出了在林业资源保护环境越来越复杂的情况下,我国林业行政执法过程中遇到的问题也会越来越多,而林业执法效率与力度得不到一定程度的提升,林业资源破坏行为得不到及时的遏止,这对我国生态环境的保护非常不利。因此,提出了林业执法部门必须对当前面对的实际问题进行充分分析,根据实际问题给出应对策略,以推进林业司法体系不断完善,促使执法力度不断强化,减少林业资源破坏行为的发生。

                            关键词: 行政执法; 林业; 问题; 对策;

                            1、 引言

                          星云棋牌官网下载   LINYEXINGZHENGZHIFASHILINYEXINGZHENGJIGUAN、FALVFAGUISHOUQUANZUZHIZAIGUOJIAFALVFAGUIGUIDINGDEZHINENGFANWEINEIZHENDUIXIANGDUIXINGWEIRENKAIZHANDEJUTIGUANLIHUODONG。SUIZHEBAOHUSHENGTAIHUANJINGDEGUANNIANSHENRURENXIN,WOGUOWEILEBAOHULINYEZIYUAN,JIADALELINYEXINGZHENGZHIFADELIDU,DANZAILINYEZHIFAGUOCHENGZHONGYUDAOLEHENDUOSHIJIWENTI,ZUAILELINYEZHIFALIDUDEJINYIBUQIANGHUA,ZHEIYESHIHENDUODIQULINYEZIYUANCHIXUJIANSHAO、SENLINFANGHUODENGWENTIDEBUDAOJIEJUEDEZHUYAOYUANYIN。YINCI,XIANGXIFENXILINYEXINGZHENGZHIFAGUOCHENGZHONGYUDAODEWENTI,BINGGENJUZHEIXIEJUTIWENTI,TICHUHELIHUAJIANYI,QUEBAOWOGUOLINYEZHIFALIDUDEJINYIBUTISHENG,DUIWOGUOLINYEZIYUANDEWENDINGHEBAOHUSHENGTAIHUANJINGKECHIXUFAZHANJUYOUZHONGYAO。

                            2、 林业行政执法中遇到的问题

                            2.1、 执法主体不明

                          星云棋牌官网下载   LINYEZHIFABUMENYONGYOUXIANGYINGDECHUFAQUAN,DANSHI,ZAISHIJIZHIFAGUOCHENGZHONG,LINYEZHIFABUMENDECHUFAQUANBIXUXIANGZHUGUANBUMENDEFENZHIJIGOUFENSAN,FOUZE,ZHIFACHENGXUJIANGGENGNIANFUZA,JICENGZHIFAGONGZUOWUFALUOSHI,DANSHI,XIANGGUANQUANLIFENSANDAOZHILINYEZHIFAZHUTIYEBEIFENSAN,ZHIFAZHUTIYEJIUBUMINGQUE,XUYAOTONGYIZHIFAQUANSHI,YEWUFAYOUXIAOTONGYI[1]。DANGQIAN,LINYEZHIFADANWEIJIAODUO,ZHIFAZHUTIDUOYUANQIEFENSAN,GEBUMENDEQUANLIYUZERENNANYIMINGQUEJIEDING,YOUXIEBUMENDEQUANZEHAICHUXIANJIAOCHA,DAOZHIGEZHIFABUMENZHIJIANHUXIANGCHEPI,GONGZUOWUFAXIEDIAOTONGYIWANCHENG,ZHIFAXIAOLVYULIDUDOUWUFAYOUXIAOTISHENG。YOUYULINYEZHIFAZHUTIBUMINGQUE,DUIGEJUTIDANWEIDEQUANLIYUZERENGUIDINGBUQINGXI,DAOZHIYOUDEZHIFABUMENCHAOYUEZHIQUANFANWEIXINGSHIQUANLI,ZHEIDUILINYESIFATIXIDEWANSHANFEICHANGBULI。LINYEZHIFAYUEQUANDEBIAOXIANXINGSHIDUOYANG,ZHUYAOYOUNEIRONGYUEQUAN、DIYUYUEQUAN、SHIWUYUEQUAN、CENGJIYUEQUANDENG。

                            2.2 、执法力量分散

                            随着生态环保意识深入人心,我国对林业执法问题高度重视,这虽然对林业资源保护与生态环境保护具有重要作用,但是,也导致林业执法部门的工作量进一步加大,且林业执法特殊性较强,执法工作人员既要防止自然灾害、人为破坏,还要保护森林中的动物、植物等资源,这导致林业工作者的任务更加繁重,尤其是基层工作人员,需要经常性的去林区检查,而林区面积一般较大,基层执法力度分散,执法力量被进一步削弱,部分地区出现执法不到位的现象[2]。比如,林业行政案件的执法主体是森林公安,但是,基层森林公安不仅要负责森林防护,还要查处行政案件,在工作任务较多的情况下,一般林业资源丰富的地区,道路等外部环境因素比较恶劣,会大大影响林业执法效率。2019年全球森林火灾多发,美国、中国、俄罗斯、印尼等国家都发生大面积森林火灾,在四川凉山森林火灾发生之后,公安人员为了确定森林火灾的发生原因,亲自到火灾现场,最后确认为雷击起火,而这一过程中,公安人员徒步在森林中走了很长时间。从这一事件可以看出,森林执法难度较大,尤其是森林面积大,道路不通,执法过程中花费时间较长,如果执法力量过于分散,执法力度就会进一步被减弱。同时,很多基层林业单位的宣传方式,对林业政策、法律、法规、危害、森林防灾、林业资源保护等具体内容宣传不到位,群众的林业保护意识较低,导致大量违法违规的事件经常发生,为基层林业执法增加了工作量。
                           

                          林业执法中面临的困境与应对措施
                           

                            3 、解决林业执法问题的有效对策

                            3.1、 构建执法平台

                          星云棋牌官网下载   LINYEZHIFABUMENXUYAOZAITONGYIDELINGDAOGUIHUAXIA,GENJUDANGQIANLINYEZHIFAMIANDUIDEJUTIQINGKUANG,BUDUANWANSHANLINYEFALVFAGUI,JIANQUANSIFABAOZHANGTIXI,GOUJIANXIANDAIHUAZHIFAPINGTAI,WEILINYEZHIFATIGONGJICHUBAOZHANG。

                            (1)LINYEZHIFADANWEIXUYAOJIADADUIGONGZUORENYUANDEPEIXUNJIAOYU,ZENGQIANGGONGZUORENYUANDELINYEBAOHUYISHIYUZHUANYEZHIFANENGLI,SHILINYEZHIFADUIWUDEZHENGTISHUIPINGDEDAOJINYIBUTISHENG。

                          星云棋牌官网下载   (2)LINYEJICENGZHIFADANWEIYINGGAIJIAQIANGDANWEIDERENLI、WULIDENGFANGMIANDEZIYUANPEIBEI,JIJILIYONGXIANDAIHUAXIANJINJISHUCANYUZHIFAGONGZUO,TIGAOZHIFAXIAOLV[3]。TONGSHI,LINYEXITONGYEXUYAOJIADATOURULIDU,BIRU,JIANLIQUANGUOLINYEJIANCEXITONG,GOUMAIWURENJIDENG,SHILINYEZHIFADEXIANDAIHUASHUIPINGDEDAOJINYIBUFAZHAN。

                          星云棋牌官网下载   (3)LINYEZHIFADANWEIHAIYINGGAIWANSHANZERENJIZHI,MINGQUEZHIFARENYUANDEQUANLIYUZEREN,DUIZHIFABUDAOWEIDERENYUANJINXINGCHENGFA,DUIYOUXIUGONGZUORENYUANJINXINGJIANGLI,YICIBUDUANTISHENGGONGZUORENYUANDEZERENYISHI,JIANSHAOXUNSIWUBIDENGXINGWEIDEFASHENG。

                            (4)LINYEZHIFABUMENHAIYINGGAIJIADAXUANCHUANLIDU,JIJIYUXUANCHUANBUMENHEZUO,ZHANKAILINYEZIYUANBAOHU、LINYEZAIHAIFANGHU、HUANJINGBAOHUDENGXUANCHUANHUODONG,FENGFUXUANCHUANXINGSHI,BUDUANZENGQIANGQUNZHONGDELINYEBAOHUYISHI,SHILINYEZHIFADEDAOJICENGQUNZHONGDEZHICHI。

                            ZHENDUIGEZHONGCHAOYUEZHIQUANFANWEIJINXINGXINGZHENGZHIFADEXINGWEI,LINYEXITONGYINGGAIDUIMUQIANCUNZAIDEGEZHONGCHAOYUEZHIQUANDEXINGWEIJINXINGXIANGXIFENXI,GENJUJUTIWENTISHULILINYEZHIFAGUOCHENG,GUIFANLINYEZHIFALIUCHENG,JIAQIANGDIQUJIANDEZHIFAHEZUO,SHILINYEZHIFAYANGEANZHAOFALVFAGUIDEGUIDINGJINXING。

                            3.2 、巩固执法基础

                            ZAIJICENGLINYEZHIFAZHONGJINGCHANGHUIYUDAOCAIFAGUODU、SHANZIGENGGAILINYEYONGTUDEWENTI,HAIYOUZHANYONGLINDIYONGDIDENGWENTI,ZHEIJIUXUYAOJICENGLINYEZHIFABUMENJIADAXUANCHUANJIAOYUYUZHIFALIDU,CONGYUANTOUSHANGFANGZHILINYEPOHUAIWENTI。DUISHANZIGAIBIANLINDIYONGTUDEXINGWEIYUXIANGGUANZERENRENYINGGAIYANLIDAJI,BINGZELINGXIANGGUANZERENRENDUIHUIHUAIDELINDIJINXINGXIUFU。TONGSHI,LINYEZHIFAZHIDUYEBIXUSUIZHESHIJIWENTIDEBIANHUAERBUDUANWANSHAN,SHIJICENGLINYEZHIFAZUODAOYOUFAKEYI、YOUFABIYI。LINGWAI,ZAIZHIFAGUOCHENGZHONG,JICENGGEBUMENYINGGAIJIAQIANGHEZUOJIAOLIU,SHILINYEZHIFAYUQITAGONGZUOLIANXIZAIYIQI,CONGYINFALINYEWENTIDEYUANTOUKONGZHILINYEWEIFAWEIGUISHIJIAN[4]。BIRU,BUFENDIQUDECAISHA、CAISHICHANGDENGZHANYONGLELINDI,POHUAILELINYEZIYUAN,DANSHI,XIANGGUANZERENRENDECAISHA、CAISHIXUKEZHENGSHUYOUSHIYOUDANGDIZHENGFUXIANGGUANBUMENXIAFADE,ZHEIJIUDAOZHILINYEZHIFASHOUDAOZUAI,ZHENDUIZHEIYIJUTIWENTI,LINYEZHIFABUMENYINGYUDANGDIZHENGFUXIANGGUANBUMENJIAQIANGJIAOLIUHEZUO,SHIQIDUIXIANGGUANXUKEZHENGSHUDEBANFAJINXINGYANGEKONGZHI,JIANSHAOLINYEZIYUANPOHUAIDENGWENTIDEFASHENG[5,6,7,8,9,10]。

                            3.3 、加大执法力度

                            TOUKANTOUFASHIJICENGLINYEZHIFAZHONGZUICHANGJIANDEWENTI,ERQIELINDIMIANJIYIBANJIAODA,JICENGQUNZHONGBIJIAOFENSAN,ZHIFALILIANGYOUXIAN,LINYEZHIFABUMENWUFAYOUXIAODUJUEZHEILEISHIJIANDEFASHENG。WEICI,LINYEBUMENBIXUSHOUXIANJIADAXUANCHUANLIDU,YOUQISHIYAOJIANGLINYEZIYUANDEZHONGYAOXING,YIJIPOHUAILINYEZIYUANDEWEIHAIXIANGGUANGDAQUNZHONGJIANGQINGCHU,SHIQICONGXINLISHANGZHENZHENGZHONGSHIQILINYEZIYUANBAOHUGONGZUO,ZHEIYANGCAINENGJIANSHAOTOUKANTOUFASHIJIANDEFASHENG。CIWAI,LINYEBUMENYINGGAIYUNYONGJILIYUCHENGFASHUANGZHONGSHOUDUAN,FADONGQUNZHONGJIJICANYUDAOLINYEZHIFAZHONG,WEILINYEZHIFATIGONGZHICHI。BIRU,YOUDANGDIQUNZHONGYUJICENGZUZHIJIANDUDANGDIDETOUKANTOUFASHIJIAN,JISHIFAXIAN、JISHIJUBAO,ZHEIYANGCAINENGSHILINYEZHIFAGENGJIAGAOXIAO。ZUIHOU,JICENGLINYEZHIFABUMENBIXUSHULIQIZIJIDEQUANWEI,YINGYIJUFALVFAGUIDUIWEIFAWEIGUIXINGWEIJIADACHENGCHULIDU,YANLIDAJIPOHUAILINYEZIYUANDEXINGWEI[11,12,13,14,15]。

                            4 、结语

                          星云棋牌官网下载   JIADALINYEZIYUANBAOHUSHIJIANLIHUANJINGYOUHAOXINGSHEHUIDEBIRANYAOQIU,YINCI,WOGUOLINYEZHIFAJIGOUBIXUJIADALINYEZHIFALIDU,JIJILIYONGGEZHONGXUANCHUANPINGTAI,YUNYONGFENGFUDUOYANGDEXUANCHUANSHOUDUAN,JIADALINYEZIYUANBAOHUXUANCHUANYULINYEZHISHIXUANCHUANJIAOYU,TIGAOGUANGDAQUNZHONGDELINYEZIYUANBAOHUYISHI,WEIJICENGLINYEZHIFATIGONGLIANGHAODEQUNZHONGJICHU。TONGSHI,LINYEXITONGYINGGAIJIADALINYEZIYUANBAOHUYULINYEZHIFATOURU,BUDUANWANSHANLINYEJIANCEWANGLUO,QUANMIANSHOUJILINYEZIYUANXINXI,GOUMAIXIANJINDELINYEZHIFASHEBEI,WEIJICENGLINYEZHIFATIGONGZIYUANZHICHI,SHILINYEXINGZHENGZHIFALIDUJINYIBUJIADA。

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                            [2]桂家友.浅谈太湖县林业行政执法存在的问题及对策[J].安徽林业科技,2017(2).
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                            [5]汪守权.推进林业综合行政执法改革若干问题的思考[J].绿色科技,2018(19):104,106.
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                            [8] 石金芳.强化林业执法保护山区森林资源的思考[J].绿色科技,2018(11):155~156.
                            [9]郑日升.基于磐安生态文明建设的林业行政执法研究[J].绿色科技,2018(11):169~170.
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                            [11]张茂付,吴夏华,孟俊国.林业执法改革的途径与方法探讨[J].绿色科技,2016(15):216~217,219.
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                            [13]杜树荣.南华县森林资源可持续发展保护与管理对策[J].绿色科技,2017(21):129~130.
                            [14]努尔加娜提·卡坎.新疆森林资源管理工作形势探讨[J].绿色科技,2017(15):179,181.
                            [15]何洪书.大姚县有效扼制非法毁林行为蔓延的现状及对策[J].绿色科技,2017(09):174~175.

                            陈华盛.林业行政执法问题及解决对策[J].绿色科技,2019(19):143-144.
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