星云棋牌官网下载

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声音商标注册审查程序改进探析

时间:2018-10-21 来源:中国商论 作者:盛晓伟,贾晓东,卞树明 本文字数:7236字

  摘    要: 我国声音商标保护起步较晚,立法尚不完善,司法实践亦不成熟。腾讯QQ提示音商标注册案历经驳回、复审、行政诉讼一审和二审,堪称声音商标注册经典案例,该案暴露了声音商标注册中普遍存在的问题。本文通过借鉴国外声音商标立法和司法实践经验,结合我国传统商标注册规则,对声音商标显着性内涵再厘清,提出声音商标固有显着性和使用获得显着性的认定标准,完善声音商标注册的禁用条款规定,并对声音商标表达可视化提出建议,从而解决相同或近似声音商标认定难的问题。

  关键词:星云棋牌官网下载 声音商标; 固有显着性; 获得显着性; 禁用条款; 相同或近似;

  1、 问题的提出

  2014NIAN5YUE1RIWOGUOXINSHISHI《SHANGBIAOFA》JIANGSHENGYINSHANGBIAONARULEBAOHUFANWEI(CANJIAN《SHANGBIAOFA》DI8TIAOGUIDING:RENHENENGGOUJIANGZIRANREN、FARENHUOZHEQITAZUZHIDESHANGPINYUTARENDESHANGPINQUBIEKAIDEBIAOZHI,BAOKUOWENZI、TUXING、ZIMU、SHUZI、SANWEIBIAOZHI、YANSEZUHEHESHENGYINDENG,YIJISHANGSHUYAOSUDEZUHE,JUNKEYIZUOWEISHANGBIAOSHENQINGZHUCE)。JIEZHI2018NIAN11YUE30RI,WOGUOSHENGYINSHANGBIAOZHUCESHENQINGLIANGYIDA622JIAN,DANJINYOU15JIANZHUCECHENGGONG(BIZHEGENJUGUANWANGTONGJI,ZHUYAOYOUYIXIADANWEIZHUCELESHENGYINSHANGBIAO:ZHONGGUOGUOJIGUANGBODIANTAI、NUOJIYAGONGSI、YINTEERGONGSI、GUANGDONGYIHUAJITUANTOUZIYOUXIANGONGSI、BAOMAGUFENYOUXIANGONGSI、AOSHIGONGSI、ZHONGYANGRENMINGUANGBODIANTAI、ERSHISHIJIFUSIDIANYINGGONGSI、SANXINGDIANZIZHUSHIHUISHE、YOUNIJIAGUFENYOUXIANGONGSI、ERSHISHIJIFUSIDIANYINGGONGSI),SHENGYINSHANGBIAOZHUCEZHINAN,BUYANERYU。2014NIAN5YUE4RI,TENGXUNKEJI(SHENZHEN)YOUXIANGONGSI(YIXIAJIANCHENG“TENGXUNGONGSI”)XIANGGUOJIASHANGBIAOJUSHENQINGZHUCESHENGYINSHANGBIAO“DIDIDIDIDIDI”(YIXIAJIANCHENG“QQTISHIYIN”),SHENQINGHAOWEI“14502527”,ZHIDINGSHIYONGZAIDI38LEI“TIGONGHULIANWANGLIAOTIAN、DIANZITONGXUNYIJIXINXICHUANSONG”DENG10GEFUWUXIANGMUSHANG。

  2014NIAN8YUE24RI,SHANGBIAOJUBOHUIGAIZHUCESHENQING,TENGXUNGONGSISUIJIXIANGSHANGBIAOPINGSHENWEIYUANHUI(YIXIAJIANCHENG“SHANGPINGWEI”)TICHUFUSHENQINGQIU,SHANGPINGWEIZUOCHULEBOHUIFUSHENJUEDINGSHU。TENGXUNGONGSIBUFUSHANGPINGWEIZUOCHUDEBOHUIFUSHENJUEDINGSHU,XIANGBEIJINGSHIZHISHICHANQUANFAYUANTIQIXINGZHENGSUSONG,YISHENFAYUANPANJUECHEXIAOBEIGAOSHANGPINGWEIDEBOHUIFUSHENJUEDING,BINGYAOQIUSHANGPINGWEIZHENDUIQQTISHIYINZHONGXINZUOCHUSHENCHAJUEDING(CANJIANBEIJINGSHIZHISHICHANQUANFAYUAN(2016)JING73XINGCHU3203HAO《TENGXUNKEJI(SHENZHEN)YOUXIANGONGSIYUGUOJIAGONGSHANGXINGZHENGGUANLIZONGJUSHANGBIAOPINGSHENWEIYUANHUIQITAYISHENXINGZHENGPANJUESHU》)。SHANGPINGWEIBUFUGAIPANJUE,TIQISHANGSU,ZHIZHI2018NIAN9YUE27RI,LISHI4NIANLING5GEYUEDETENGXUNSHENGYINSHANGBIAOANZHONGYULUOXIAWEIMU,ERSHENFAYUANRENWEIYUANSHENPANJUERENDINGSHISHIQINGCHU,SHIYONGFALVJIBENZHENGQUE,CAIPANJIELUNSHIDANG,TENGXUNSHENGYINSHANGBIAOJUYOUXIANZHEXING,ZHICHIQQTISHIYINSHANGBIAOZHUCE(CANJIANBEIJINGSHIGAOJIRENMINFAYUAN(2018)JINGXINGZHONG3673HAO《GUOJIAGONGSHANGXINGZHENGGUANLIZONGJUSHANGBIAOPINGSHENWEIYUANHUIYUTENGXUNKEJI(SHENZHEN)YOUXIANGONGSIERSHENXINGZHENGPANJUESHU》)。

  FENXISHANGSHUSHENGYINSHANGBIAOZHUCEANLI,ZHUYAOCUNZAIYIXIANANTI:DIYI,SHENGYINSHANGBIAOSHIFOUJUYOUGUYOUXIANZHEXING,RUHERENDING?DIER,SHENGYINSHANGBIAOSHIYONGHUODEXIANZHEXINGTIAOJIANYINGGAIRUHEGUIDINGGENGHELI?DISAN,YUCHUANTONGSHANGBIAOXIANGBI,TONGYONGXINGSHENGYIN、GONGNENGXINGSHENGYINHEJINYONGSHENGYINRUHEGUIFAN?DISI,YUCHUANTONGSHANGBIAOXIANGBI,SHENGYINSHANGBIAOXIANGTONG、JINSIPANDUANRUHESHIXIAN,ZENMEZUOGENGZHIGUAN、GENGKEKAO?

  2 、声音商标显着性认定

  2.1 、显着性内涵

  所谓“显着性”是指申请注册的商标具有显着性,消费者能够将使用该商标的商品与其他商品相区分,我国《商标法》第九条对此进行了明确规定(参见《商标法》第9条:申请注册商标,应当有显着特征,便于识别,并不得与他人在先取得合法权利相冲突),并作为商标注册的必要条件。一般而言,从法律上正面定义“显着性”较为困难,学界也存在不同的说法与观点。台湾学者曾陈明汝认为“商标的特别显着性是指商标本身具有特殊性,并且能够显示与其他商品的不同之处”[1]。内地学者吴汉东认为“商标通过文字、图形、数字等相结合,给消费者感官独特、新颖、具有创意,使得显着性特征明显,易与其他商标相区分”[2]。“传统商标或者是非传统商标的声音商标,显着性是不可或缺的,其是商标的灵魂所在,商标的实质审查的关键也在于显着性”[3]。“商标显着性之重要性相当于独创性之于作品、创造性之于专利”[4]。因此,在商标确权中,除法律禁用标志外,商标注册人应当将是否具有显着性作为选用商标标识的核心条件,值得关注的是,虽然显着性是商标注册的实质要件,却不是商标无效的理由,这点与专利权的取得有所不同。笔者认为注册商标要求具有“显着性”的目的,一方面是防止商标权人以商标权独占具有通用性、描述性以及功能性标志来保护公平竞争;另一方面就是能够让消费者区分不同商品或服务来源。
 

声音商标注册审查程序改进探析
 

  2.2 、声音商标特点

  YUCHUANTONGSHANGBIAOXIANGBI,SHENGYINSHANGBIAOJUYOUYIXIATEZHENG。

  2.2.1 、声音商标不可视性

星云棋牌官网下载   CHUANTONGSHANGBIAOSHIZHUYAOYOUGEZHONGTUXING、SHUZI、FUHAO、WENZIDENGYUANSUZUCHENGDEKEJIANXINGBIAOZHI。DANYUCHUANTONGSHANGBIAOBUTONG,ZUOWEIFEICHUANTONGSHANGBIAODESHENGYINSHANGBIAOTONGGUOBUTONGDEFANGSHIJIAYICHENGXIAN,QIJIYOUYINLEXINGZHIDE、YEYOUFEIYINLEXINGZHIDE、GENGYOULIANGZHEJIANJUDE。SHENGYINSHANGBIAODOUSHIBUKESHIDE,CONGWULIXUEJIAODULAIKAN,SHENGYINKEYITONGGUOGUTI、YETIYIJIQITIJINXINGCHUANBO,DANZAIRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGSHENGYINSHANGBIAOZHUYAOSHITONGGUOQITIJINXINGCHUANBODE,SHENGYINTONGGUOWUTIZHENDONGCHANSHENGSHENGBO,BINGCHUANRURENER,CONGERCHUANDAQIYESHANGPINHUOFUWUDEXINXI。

  SUIRANSHENGYINSHANGBIAOBUKESHI,DANJUYOUXIANZHEXINGDESHENGYINSHANGBIAOYENENGGOUJIXIAOFEIZHETINGJUECHANSHENGCHONGJILI,SHIXIAOFEIZHELIUXIASHENKEYINXIANG,CONGERJUYOUQUFENFUWUHUOSHANGPINDEGONGNENG。

  2.2.2 、声音商标持续性、非静态性

  CHUANTONGDEWENZI、TUXING、SANWEIBIAOZHISHANGBIAODOUSHIYIYIZHONGGUDINGDE、JINGTAIDEXINGSHIXIANGXIAOFEIZHECHUANDASHANGPINHUOFUWUXINXI,DANSHENGYINSHANGBIAOYUQIBUTONG,YISHENGYINSHANGBIAO“ZHONGGUOGUOJIGUANGBODIANTAIGUANGBOJIEMUDEKAISHIQU”(RUTU1SUOSHI)WEILI(CANJIAN《SHANGBIAOSHENCHAJISHENLIBIAOZHUN》DILIUBUFENSHENGYINSHANGBIAODESHENCHA),GAISHENGYINSHANGBIAOCHIXUSHIJIANZHANGDA40MIAO,YISIFENYINFUWEIYIPAI,MEIXIAOJIELIANGPAI,GONG36PAI。QIJIANTONGGUODIAOHAODEZHUANHUAN,DIAOYINGAOWEIZHIBUTONG,XINGCHENGQUMU。YOUCIKEJIAN,SHENGYINSHANGBIAODEBIAODAWANGWANGSHICHIXUDE,SUIZHESHIJIANTUIJIN,BANZHEPUHAO、DIAOHAO、PAIHAO、XIAOJIE、YINFU、XIUZHIFU、LINSHIFUHAODENGYAOSU,CHENGXIANDONGTAIXINGDEBIANHUA。

  DANGRAN,SHENGYINSHANGBIAOYINJIEZHANGDUAN,BIAODAYAOSUDEDUOSHAOYIJIFANZACHENGDU,YUQISHIFOUJUYOUXIANZHEXINGMEIYOUBIRANLIANXI,MEIGUOMIGAOMEIDIANYINGGONGSI“SHIZIHOU”SHENGYINSHANGBIAOFEICHANGJIANJIE,DANJIQUANSHIJIEGUANZHONGLIUXIALESHENKEDEYINXIANG。

  2.2.3、 声音商标依附性

星云棋牌官网下载   YUCHUANTONGSHANGBIAOBUTONG,CHUANTONGSHANGPINDESHANGBIAOKEYIYIFUYUSHANGPINHUOFUWUJINXINGCHUANBO,ERSHENGYINSHANGBIAOBIXUTONGGUOYIFUYUYIDINGDEZAITICAINENGJINXINGCHUANBO,RUGUANGBO、DIANSHI、HULIANWANGYIJIQITAWANGLUOSHEBEI。ZAIXIANDAIKEXUEJISHUTIAOJIANXIA,QIYEJIEZHUXIANJINDEZAITI,SHANGBIAOCHUANBOSUDUHEYINGXIANGLIDADAZENGQIANG。JINGUANSHENGYINSHANGBIAOXUYAOJIEZHUZAITICAINENGZAISHANGPINYUXIAOFEIZHEZHIJIANJIANLILIANXI,DANDIANZITONGXUNSHEBEIDEDAZHONGHUAHEPUJIHUA,SHIDEZHEIZHONGLIESHIYEYIJINGWUZUQINGZHONG,WOMENYOULIYOUXIANGXIN,XINXISHEHUIZHONGSHENGYINSHANGBIAOJIANGHUIFAHUIYUELAIYUEZHONGYAODEQUFENSHANGPINHEFUWUDEGONGNENG。

  2.3、 声音商标显着性认定分歧

星云棋牌官网下载   GUANYUSHENGYINSHANGBIAOXIANZHEXINGRENDING,XUEJIERENZHIBINGBUYIZHI。XUDUOXUEZHERENWEISHENGYINSHANGBIAOYUCHUANTONGSHANGBIAOBUTONG,QIBIXUTONGGUOZHANGSHIJIANDESHIYONGHEXUANCHUAN,CAINENGJUYOUXIANZHEXING,BENSHENDEGUYOUXIANZHEXINGZISHIBUCUNZAI。PENGXUELONGJIAOSHOURENWEI“GUYOUXIANZHEXINGBUGUOSHISHANGBIAOHUODEXIANZHEXINGDEYOULITIAOJIAN,BINGFEIBENLAIYIYISHANGDEXIANZHEXING,HUODEXIANZHEXINGCAISHIZHENZHENGDEXIANZHEXING”[5];WANGLIANFENG、NIUDONGFANGRENWEI“DUISHENGYINSHANGBIAOSHENCHACAIYONG‘HUODEXIANZHEXING’DEDANYIBIAOZHUN,SHISHANGBIAOFAYUZHEZUOQUANFADEJIEXIANDEYIMINGQUE,ZHEIZHANGXIANLESHANGBIAOQUFENSHANGPINHUOZHEFUWUDELAIYUANDEHEXINGONGNENG”[6];Kevin K.Mc CormickTICHU“SHENGYINSHANGBIAODEGUYOUXIANZHEXINGZISHIBUCUNZAI,QIZHIYOUTONGGUOSHIYONGZHIHOUSHIDEXIAOFEIZHEJIANGGAISHENGYINSHANGBIAOYUTEDINGDESHANGPINHUOFUWUJIANYILIANXICAIKEYIRENDINGWEIJUYOUXIANZHEXING”[7]。ERBarton,BeebeZERENWEI“XIANZHEXINGCONGWEIBEIQIADANGDELILUNHUA,ERCHUANTONGDEGUYOUXIANZHEXINGYUHUODEXIANZHEXINGQUFENJIANGHUIDAOZHIGENGDUOWENTIFASHENG”[8]。

  图1
图1

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  2.4 、声音商标显着性认定

  GUANYUSHENGYINSHANGBIAOXIANZHEXINGDERENDING,ZHUYAOFENWEILIANGGEFANGMIAN。

  2.4.1、 固有显着性认定

  SUOWEIGUYOUXIANZHEXINGSHENGYINJIUSHIZHIGAISHENGYINBENSHENJIUKEYIQUFENHEQUBIECISHANGPINYUBISHANGPIN,CIFUWUYUBIFUWU,QIBENSHENBUXUYAOHOUXUDESHIYONGJIJUYOUXIANZHEXING。WOGUOXIANXINGSHANGBIAOFAJIXIANGGUANFAGUI、GUIZHANGMEIYOUDUIJUYOUGUYOUXIANZHEXINGDESHENGYINSHANGBIAOJINXINGLIEJU,DANSHI“DUIYUGUYOUXIANZHEXINGLAISHUO,QISHIHENNANJIANGQIHUAFENCHUYIGEJUTIDEPANDUANBIAOZHUN,YINWEIYIQIANGERENYANLIYOUYIQIANGEHAMULEITE,RUOZHISHIDANCHUNDIQIANGXINGHUAFENYIGEPANDUANBIAOZHUN,HUOXUHUISHIWENTIGENGJIAFUZA”[9]。DANMOUZHONGSHENGYINRUGUOZHIJIESHIYONGZAIGAILEISHANGPINHUOFUWUDEZHUCESHANGSHIBUBEIYUNXUDE,LIRU:XIAOTIQINXIANYUGONGDELAMOSHENGSHIYONGZAI“LEQI”SHANG;HAITONGDEHUANXIAOSHENGSHIYONGZAI“YINGERYONGPIN”SHANG;DONGWUDEJIAOSHENGSHIYONGZAI“SIYANGCHONGWU”SHANG;ZHIMINGYINLESHIYONGZAI“YINLEWANHUI”SHANG;KAIQIPINGGAISHENGSHIYONGZAI“KAIPINGQI”SHANG;SHUIHUSHUIFEITENGDESHENGSHIYONGZAI“RESHUIHU”SHANG。

  BIZHERENWEIZAISHENGYINSHANGBIAODEGUYOUXIANZHEXINGRENDINGFANGMIAN,YINGKAOLVYIXIAFANGMIAN:DIYI,JIANGSHENGYINSHANGBIAOSUOYOUYINJIEZUOWEIYIGEZHENGTIDUIDAI,ZONGHEPANDING;DIER,SHENGYINSHANGBIAOBINGBUXUYAOJUYOUDUCHUANGXING,ZHIYAOGAISHENGYINSHANGBIAOSHISHOUCISHIYONGZAIGAILEISHANGPINHUOFUWUSHANG,NENGGOUQUFENSHANGPINHUOFUWU,JIUJUYOUDANGRANDEXIANZHEXING;DISAN,YAOKAOLVGAISHENGYINSHANGBIAOYUFUWUHESHANGPINZHIJIANTIANRANLIANXIDEQIANGRUO,RUGUOGAISHENGYINSHANGBIAOYUSHANGPINHUOFUWUZHIJIANDETIANRANLIANXIYUEJINMI,ZEXIANZHEXINGYUERUO,FANZHI,ZEYUEQIANG;DISI,HAIYAOKAOLVGAISHENGYINSHIFOUWEIGONGNENGXINGSHENGYINHUOZHESHITONGYONGXINGSHENGYIN,RUGUOSHITONGYONGXINGSHENGYINHUOZHESHIGONGNENGXINGSHENGYIN,ZEYAOPAICHU。

  2.4.2、 获得显着性认定

星云棋牌官网下载   HUODEXIANZHEXINGSHIZHIYUANXIANBUJUYOUXIANZHEXINGDEBIAOSHI,QIYEJIANGQISHIYONGZAISHANGPINHUOFUWUSHANG,JINGGUOYIDINGQIXIANHUOYIDINGFANWEIDESHIYONG,XIAOFEIZHENENGGOUTONGGUOGAIBIAOSHISHIBIESHANGPINHUOFUWUDELAIYUAN,CISHIGAIBIAOSHIJIUJUYOULEXIANZHEXING。XUELISHANGYIBANRENWEI,TONGGUOZHANGQISHIYONG,MIAOSHUXINGBIAOZHIKEYIHUODEXIANZHEXING。ERTONGYONGMINGCHENGGENBENBUKENENGTONGGUOZHANGQISHIYONGHUODEZUYIZHUCEDEXIANZHEXING。BENWENSUOCHENGHUODEXIANZHEXING,SHIZHIGUYOUXIANZHEXINGRUODESHANGBIAO,JINGGUOSHIYONG,SHANGBIAOYUSHANGPINZHIJIANJIANLILEXIANGDUIJIAOWEIDUIYINGDEGUANXI,SHANGBIAOJUYOULEQUFENGONGNENG。GUANYUSHIYONGHUODEXIANZHEXINGDESHIJIAN,《SHANGBIAOFA》DI11TIAODISANKUANDUICIZUOCHULERUXIAGUIDING:QIANKUANSUOLIEBIAOZHIJINGGUOSHIYONGQUDEXIANZHETEZHENG,BINGBIANYUSHIBIEDE,KEYIZUOWEISHANGBIAOZHUCE;ER《SHANGBIAOSHENCHAJISHENLIBIAOZHUN》DILIUBUFENSHENGYINSHANGBIAOXIANZHEXINGSHENCHAZHONGQUEGUIDING:YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,SHENGYINSHANGBIAOXUJINGZHANGQISHIYONGCAINENGQUDEXIANZHETEZHENG。LIANGZHEDUISHANGBIAODESHIYONGSHIJIANMEIYOUMINGQUEGUIDING,YEXUSHIFUYUSIFAZHEGENJUGEANDEANQINGZIYOUCAILIANGCHULI。

  DUIYUHUODEXIANZHEXING,QIJINWEIZHIBINGMEIYOUNAGEGUOJIADUIQISHELILEZUIDICHENGDUDE、PUBIANSHIYONGDEGUIZE。“MEIGUO《LANHAMUFA》ZHONGGUIDINGLEMIAOSHUXINGSHANGBIAOHUODEXIANZHEXINGDEZHENGMINGBIAOZHUN:WANQUANPAITAXINGCHIXUSHIYONGWUNIAN。ERMEIGUOLIANBANGFAYUANSHENLIThom McAn ShoesANYOUJIANGMIAOSHUXINGSHANGBIAOHUODEXIANZHEXINGDEZHENGMINGBIAOZHUNSUODUANWEIWANQUANPAITAXINGSHIYONGSHIJIANLIUGEYUE”[10]。ZAIXINXIHUAGAOSUFAZHANDEJINTIAN,WOGUOKEYIKAOLVSHENGYINSHANGBIAODEFUWULEIBIEDEBUTONG,YIJISHIYONGFANWEI、SHIYONGZHEGUIMODENGYAOSU,JIANLIKEXUE、HELIDESHIYONGHUODEXIANZHEXINGDEPINGJIATIXI,YIZHUGENGDUOQIYEZAORIZHUCEHUODEXIANZHEXINGSHENGYINSHANGBIAO。

  JIYUSHANGBIAODESHICHANGSHUXING,BUSHAOXUEZHERENWEI,ZAISHANGBIAOXIANZHEXINGPANDING、XIANGTONGHUOJINSISHANGBIAODEPANDINGYIJIXIANGTONGHUOLEISIFUWUDEPANDINGFANGMIAN,YINGDANGYUNXUYIXIAOFEIZHEDIAOCHABAOGAODEXINGSHIJINXINGZHENGMING。GUANYUXIAOFEIZHEDIAOCHABAOGAOKEFOUZUOWEIZHENGJU,WOGUOSIFAJIESHIYEZAOYIMINGQUE(《ZUIGAORENMINFAYUANGUANYUSHENLISHEJICHIMINGSHANGBIAOBAOHUDEMINSHIJIUFENANJIANYINGYONGFALVRUOGANWENTIDEJIESHI》DI5TIAODISANKUAN:“DUIYUSHANGBIAOSHIYONGSHIJIANZHANGDUAN、XINGYEPAIMING、SHICHANGDIAOCHABAOGAO、SHICHANGJIAZHIPINGGUBAOGAO、SHIFOUCENGBEIRENDINGWEIZHEMINGSHANGBIAODENGZHENGJU,RENMINFAYUANYINGDANGJIEHERENDINGSHANGBIAOCHIMINGDEQITAZHENGJU,KEGUAN、QUANMIANDIJINXINGSHENCHA),DANYOUYUQUEFADUIYINGDEZHIDUSHEJIYIJIYUCIXIANGSHIYINGDEHUANJING,ZAISHIWUZHONGYOUYUBUXINRENXIAOFEIZHEDIAOCHAFANGSHIDEKEXUEXINGHEKEKAOXING,SIFAJIGUANPUBIANDUIXIAOFEIZHEDIAOCHABAOGAOBUYUCAIXIN,LIRU“LIUMINGSONGYUGUOJIAGONGSHANGXINGZHENGGUANLIZONGJUSHANGBIAOPINGSHENWEIYUANHUISHANGBIAOWUXIAOXUANGAOQINGQIUXINGZHENGJIUFENAN”(CANJIANBEIJINGSHIZHISHICHANQUANFAYUAN(2015)JINGZHIXINGCHUZIDI5730HAO《LIUMINGSONGYUGUOJIAGONGSHANGXINGZHENGGUANLIZONGJUSHANGBIAOPINGSHENWEIYUANHUIQITAYISHENXINGZHENGPANJUESHU》)。BIZHERENWEISUIZAIGUOWAIYIYOUBUSHAOCHENGGONGDECAIXINXIAOFEIZHEDIAOCHABAOGAODEANLI,DANJIEHEWOGUOSHIJIQINGKUANG,XIAOFEIZHEDIAOCHABAOGAOZAIWOGUOSIFASHIJIANZHONGHAIXUYAOWANSHAN,LIRUXIAOFEIZHEDIAOCHAWENJUANSHEJI、DIAOCHARENYUANDEXUANZE、DIAOCHAFANGSHIDEXUANQU、DIAOCHAJIEGUODERENDINGDENGWENTI。

  《SHANGBIAOFA》DI14TIAODUICHIMINGSHANGBIAODERENDINGYETONGYANGSHEJIXIANGGUANGONGZHONGDERENZHI,SHANGBIAODESHIYONGSHIJIANHEFANWEIDENG(CANJIAN《SHANGBIAOFA》DI14TIAO:CHIMINGSHANGBIAOYINGDANGGENJUDANGSHIRENDEQINGQIU,ZUOWEICHULISHEJISHANGBIAOANJIANXUYAORENDINGDESHISHIJINXINGRENDING。RENDINGCHIMINGSHANGBIAOYINGDANGKAOLVXIALIEYINSU:(YI)XIANGGUANGONGZHONGDUIGAISHANGBIAODEZHIXIAOCHENGDU;(ER)GAISHANGBIAOSHIYONGDECHIXUSHIJIAN;(SAN)GAISHANGBIAODERENHEXUANCHUANGONGZUODECHIXUSHIJIAN、CHENGDUHEDILIFANWEI;(SI)GAISHANGBIAOZUOWEICHIMINGSHANGBIAOSHOUBAOHUDEJILU;(WU)GAISHANGBIAOCHIMINGDEQITAYINSU),YINCIDUIYUHUODEXIANZHEXINGSHENGYINSHANGBIAODERENDINGKEYIJIEJIANWOGUOCHIMINGSHANGBIAODERENDINGTIAOJIAN。DANGRAN,“HUODEXIANZHEXING”YU“CHIMING”JUYOUBUTONGDENEIHANHEWAIYAN,DUIXIAOFEIZHEERYAN,“CHIMING”JUYOUGENGGUANGFANDERENKE,LIANGZHEHUODEXIAOFEIZHERENZHIDECHENGDUBUTONG。

  3 、禁用条款之再规定

  YUCHUANTONGSHANGBIAOYIYANG,SHENGYINSHANGBIAOBUDEWEIFANFALVJINYONGTIAOKUANDEGUIDING,WOGUO《SHANGBIAOFA》DI10TIAOGUIDINGYOUGUANGUOGE、JUNGEBUDEZHUCEWEISHENGYINSHANGBIAO(CANJIAN《SHANGBIAOFA》DI10TIAO:XIALIEBIAOZHIBUDEZUOWEISHANGBIAOSHIYONG(YI)TONGZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUODEGUOJIAMINGCHENG、GUOQI、GUOHUI、GUOGE、JUNQI、JUNHUI、JUNGE、XUNZHANGDENGXIANGTONGHUOZHEJINSIDE,YIJITONGZHONGYANGGUOJIAJIGUANDEMINGCHENG、BIAOZHI、SUOZAIDITEDINGDIDIANDEMINGCHENGHUOZHEBIAOZHIXINGJIANZHUWUDEMINGCHENG、TUXINGXIANGTONGDE……)。ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,GUOGE、JUNGEZUOWEIGUOJIAZUNYANDEXIANGZHENG,JUYOUTEDINGDEYIYI,DANGRANSHIBUKEYIZHUCEWEISHENGYINSHANGBIAODE。DANSHICITIAOKUANGUIDINGDEHAIBUSHIHENQUANMIAN,BIZHERENWEIGEMINGGEQUYIBUKEZHUCEWEISHENGYINSHANGBIAO。SUOWEIGEMINGGEQU,YECHENGWEI“HONGSEGEQU”,ZHUYAOSHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLINGDAODEGEMINGZHANZHENGSHIQICHUANGZUODEFANYINGZHANDOUSHENGHUODEGEQUYIJIXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOUJIANSHE、FAZHANDENGSHIQIBIAODAWUCHANJIEJIZHANSHENGYIQIE、PAICHUWANNANDEJUEXIN,GENGSHIFANYINGZHONGGUORENMINXIANGWANGMEIHAOSHENGHUOYUGUOJIAFANRONGFUQIANGDEGEQU。ZHEIXIEGEQUGEDIAOANGYANGXIANGSHANG、CUIRENFENJIN,BIRUYOUZANSONGYINGXIONGRENWU《WODEZUGUO》《YINGXIONGZANGE》,YEYOU《SHISONGHONGJUN》《DONGFANGHONG》《WOAIZHEILANSEDEHAIYANG》《HONGJUNBUPAYUANZHENGNAN》DENGZHUXUANLVGEQU。ZHEILEIYINLEZUOPINZAIDANGSHIGUWULEDANGSHIZHONGGUORENMINFENYONGXIANGQIAN,GENGSHIYUNYULEXIANDAISHEHUIRENMENAIGUOZHUYIDEQINGHUAI。CILEIJUYOUSIXIANGXING、DAIBIAOXINGHESHIDAIXINGDIANXINGLEIXINGDESHENGYINYUQITASHANGYEHUADE、JUYOULIYIXINGZHIDESHENGYIN,QIZHUIQIUDEJIAZHIBUTONG,BUKEZHUCEWEISHANGBIAO。

星云棋牌官网下载   DANGRAN,DUIYUGONGYIXINGZUZHI,RUGUOQIXINGZHIYUGAILEI“HONGSEGEQU”ZHUTILEISI,SHENQINGZHUCEGAILEISHENGYINSHANGBIAO,YOULINGDANGBIELUN。DUIYUSHENQINGZHUCECHENGGONGDEGAILEISHANGBIAO,QISHIYONGYEYINGDANGYANGEGUIFAN,YIBANBUDEXUKESHANGYEXINGZHUTISHIYONG,JIBIANSHANGYEXINGZHUTIJUBANGONGYIHUODONGDEQINGXINGXIAYIRAN,MUDESHIFANGZHIXIAOFEIZHECHANSHENGLIANXIANG,JIANGDIGAILEISHANGBIAODESHEHUIRENTONGGANHEJIAZHIPANDUAN。

  4 、相同或近似声音商标判定

  “ZUIGAORENMINFAYUAN《GUANYUSHENLISHANGBIAOMINSHIJIUFENANJIANSHIYONGFALVRUOGANWENTIDEJIESHI》DI9TIAOJIEDINGLECHUANTONGSHANGBIAOXIANGTONGHUOJINSIRENDINGBIAOZHUN”(CANJIANZUIGAORENMINFAYUAN《GUANYUSHENLISHANGBIAOMINSHIJIUFENANJIANSHIYONGFALVRUOGANWENTIDEJIESHI》DI9TIAO:SHANGBIAOFADI52TIAODI(YI)XIANGGUIDINGDESHANGBIAOXIANGTONG,SHIZHIBEIKONGQINQUANDESHANGBIAOYUYUANGAODEZHUCESHANGBIAOXIANGBIJIAO,ERZHEZAISHIJUESHANGJIBENWUCHABIE。SHANGBIAOFADI52TIAODI(YI)XIANGGUIDINGDESHANGBIAOJINSI,SHIZHIBEIKONGQINQUANDESHANGBIAOYUYUANGAODEZHUCESHANGBIAOXIANGBIJIAO,QIWENZIDEZIXING、DUYIN、HANYIHUOZHETUXINGDEGOUTUJIYANSE,HUOZHEQIGEYAOSUZUHEHOUDEZHENGTIJIEGOUXIANGSI,HUOZHEQILITIXINGZHUANG、YANSEZUHEJINSI,YISHIXIANGGUANGONGZHONGDUISHANGPINDELAIYUANCHANSHENGWURENHUOZHERENWEIQILAIYUANYUYUANGAOZHUCESHANGBIAODESHANGPINYOUTEDINGDELIANXI)。DANSHISHENGYINSHANGBIAODEXIANGTONG、JINSISHENCHASHIFENFUZA,ZAITIJIAODESHENGYINYANGBENZHONG,YINLELEISHENGYINSHANGBIAOTONGCHANGYONGWUXIANPUJIAYICHENGXIAN,ERFEISHENGYINSHANGBIAOYONGWENZIBIAOSHUJIAYICHENGXIAN,ZHEIYANGDEBIAODAFANGSHIQIANQUEKEXUEXING、ZHUNQUEXINGHEZHIGUANXING。TONGSHI,CHUANTONGSHANGBIAODEXIANGTONG、JINSIRENDINGDEFANGFABINGBUNENGSHIYONGYUPANDUANCISHENGYINSHANGBIAOYUBISHENGYINSHANGBIAOSHIFOUXIANGTONGHUOLEISI,YINCIXIANGTONG、JINSISHENGYINSHANGBIAODERENDINGCHENGLEYIDANANTI。

  BIZHENIJIEZHUJISUANJIYINPINRUANJIANJISHUJIEJUECIFALVWENTI,AdobeXITONGGONGSISHIMEIGUOYIJIAKUAGUODIANNAORUANJIANGONGSI,QIGONGSIDEAdobe AuditionSHIYIKUANZHUANMENWEIYINPINHESHIPINZHUANYERENYUANERSHEJI,DUIYINPINDECHULIYIJIXIAOGUOCHULIJIWEIYOUXIUDERUANJIAN,ZAIYEJIESHIYONGSHIFENPUBIAN。

  图2 波形图
图2 波形图

  图3 频谱图
图3 频谱图

  图4 波形图
图4 波形图

  图5 频谱图
图5 频谱图

  YIQQTISHIYINWEILI,JIANGSHENGYINDAORURUANJIANAdobe auditionXINGCHENGXIANGYINGDEBOXINGTU(RUTU2SUOSHI)HEPINPUTU(RUTU3SUOSHI),GAITUHENGZHOUWEISHIJIAN(DANWEI:hms),ZONGZHOUWEISHENGYINQIANGDU(DANWEI:db),YOUCESHIDEZHIQQTISHIYINDEZONGZHANGDUWEI0.815hms,SHENGYINQIANGDUSUIZHESHIJIANDEGAIBIANERBUTINGDIFASHENGBIANHUA。GENJUGUOJIASHANGBIAOZONGJUGUANWANGXIANSHI,TENGXUNGONGSITIJIAO“QQTISHIYIN”SHENGYINYANGBENZAIMIAOSHUZHONGXIEDAOGAISHENGYINSHANGBIAOSHIYOULIUSHENGDUANCUQIEPINLVYIZHIDE“DIDIDIDIDIDI”(di-di-di-di-di-di)DESHENGYINGOUCHENG,DANJINGGUOFENXIBOXINGTUDEZHI,LIUSHENG“DIDIDIDIDIDI”DESHENGYINBOXINGTUSHIBUTONGDE,DANWENZIWUFADUIGAIQUBIEJINXINGZHUNQUEBIAODA,ERJINGGUOYIQIDECELIANG,JIEGUOMINGXIANBUTONG(RUTU2SUOSHI)。

  XIAWENJULIBIJIAOSHENGYINSHANGBIAODEXIANGTONGHUOJINSI。GONGZHONGSHUZHIDELAOSHINAOZHONGDENAOLINGSHENGYESHI“DIDIDI”DESHENGYIN,PINGJIERENMENDEERDUOLAIFENBIAN,LIANGZHESHENGYINBUTONG,DANWUFATONGGUOWENZIMIAOSHU。RUBANAOZHONGDESHENGYINYONGKEXUEDEFANGFAJIAYICHENGXIAN(RUTU4HETU5SUOSHI),PANDUANQILAISHIFENQINGXI、KEKAO。JIANGTU2HETU3YUTU4HETU5DUIBI,LIANGZHEDEBOXINGTUHEPINPUTUMINGXIANSHIBUYIYANGDE。TONGGUODUIBIBOXINGHEPINPUWENJIAN,SHENCHAYUANZAIXIANGTONGHUOJINSISHENGYINSHANGBIAODERENDINGZHONG,JIANGHUIGENGJIADEZHUNQUE、KEXUEHEKEKAO,BINGJUYOUSHUOFULI。DANGRAN,JIUBOXINGTUHEPINPUTUDEBIJIAOFANGFA,KEYIJIEJIANSIFAJIESHIGUANYUCHUANTONGSHANGBIAOBIAOSHIDERENDINGBIAOZHUN,JIYAOZHENGTIDUIBI,YOUYAODUIZHUYAOBUFENBIDUI,BINGJIYUXIAOFEIZHEDEYIBANZHUYILIZUOCHUXIANGDUIKEGUANDEPANDING。

星云棋牌官网下载   RUSHANGWENSUOSHU,BIZHEJIANYISHANGBIAOZHUCESHENQINGRENZAISHENQINGZHUCESHENGYINSHANGBIAOSHI,BUJINYINGDANGTIJIAOYINPINWENJIANYIJIWENZISHUOMING,HAIYINGDANGTIJIAOSHENGYINSHANGBIAODEBOXINGTUHEPINPUTU,FANGBIANSHENCHAYUANYIJU《SHANGBIAOFA》DI30TIAOJIUSHANGBIAODEXIANGTONGHUOJINSIJINXINGKEXUEDE、KEKAODEFENXI,BIMIANDUIJUYOUGEXINGHUADEGELEISHENGYINSHANGBIAOZUOCHUCUOWUPANDUAN。

  5 、结语

  SHENGYINSHANGBIAOBEIXIERU《SHANGBIAOFA》YIYOUSINIANZHIJIU,DANZHUCECHENGGONGDESHENGYINSHANGBIAOQUZHIKESHU,QICUNZAIDEWENTIBURONGHUSHI。BENWENCONGLIQINGXIANZHEXINGHANYICHUFA,DUISHENGYINSHANGBIAODEGUYOUXIANZHEXING、HUODEXIANZHEXING,YIJIJINYONGSHENGYINBIAOSHIZHUCEGUIDINGJINXINGLEFENXI;ZAIXIANGTONG、JINSISHENGYINSHANGBIAODERENDINGFANGMIAN,ZHICHUMUQIANSHENGYINSHANGBIAOZHUCESHENQINGTIJIAOWENJIANCUNZAIDEWENTI,BINGJIEZHUKEXUEJISHUSHOUDUANDUIXIANGTONGHUOJINSISHENGYINSHANGBIAODEPANDUANTICHULEHELIJIANYI,YITUIDONGWOGUOSHANGBIAOZHUCEZHIDUYUSHIJUJIN、JIANKANGFAZHAN。

  参考文献

  [1] 曾陈明汝.商标法原理[M].北京:中国政法大学出版社,2003.
  [2] 吴汉东.知识产权法[M].北京:中国政法大学出版社,2002.
  [3] 胡忠开.知识产权比较研究[M].北京:中国人民公安大学出版社,2014.
  [4] 米勒,戴维斯.知识产权法(英文版)[M].北京:法律出版社,2004.
  [5]彭学龙.商标显着性新探[J].法律科学,2006(2).
  [6]王莲峰,牛东芳.论声音商标审查采用获得显着性标准的依据及其完善[J].中州学刊,2017(12).
  [7] Kevin K Mc Cormick.“Ding” You are Now Free to Register that Sound[J].The Trademark Reporter,2006(96).
  [8] Barton,Beebe.The Semiotic Analysis of Trademark Law[J].UCLA Law Review,2004,51(3).
  [9]于海龙.声音商标的显着性判断标准研究[J].广东开放大学学报,2018(4).
星云棋牌官网下载   [10]袁博.论声音商标的显着性与非功能性[N].人民法院报,2012-10-09.

    盛晓伟,贾晓东,卞树明.我国声音商标注册实质审查标准完善研究——以QQ提示音商标注册案为例[J].中国商论,2019(17):222-226.
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